Subjects -> PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (Total: 284 journals)
    - MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENT (9 journals)
    - PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (248 journals)
    - SECURITY (27 journals)

PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION (248 journals)                  1 2 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 357 Journals sorted alphabetically
Academy of Management Annals     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Accounting and the Public Interest     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Negócios     Open Access  
Acta Universitatis Danubius. Administratio     Open Access  
Administory. Zeitschrift für Verwaltungsgeschichte     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Administração Pública e Gestão Social     Open Access  
Administración Pública y Sociedad     Open Access  
Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Administrative Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Administrative Theory & Praxis     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
African Journal of Governance and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Africa’s Public Service Delivery and Performance Review     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
AL-Qadisiyah Journal For Administrative and Economic sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
American Review of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
AQ - Australian Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription  
Arbetsliv i omvandling     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Australian Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
BAR. Brazilian Administration Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cadernos Gestão Pública e Cidadania     Open Access  
Canadian Public Administration/Administration Publique Du Canada     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Cities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Citizenship Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Clinical Social Work Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Congress & the Presidency: A Journal of Capital Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Corrections : Policy, Practice and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Critical Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Cuadernos de Administración     Open Access  
Cuadernos de Relaciones Laborales     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cuadernos Latinoamericanos de Administración     Open Access  
Dhammathas Academic Journal     Open Access  
DiA : Public Administration Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Digital Government : Research and Practice     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Documentos y Aportes en Administración Pública y Gestión Estatal     Open Access  
ECA Sinergia : Revista Especializada en Economía, Contabilidad y Administración     Open Access  
Economic and Regional Studies / Studia Ekonomiczne i Regionalne     Open Access  
eJournal of eDemocracy and Open Government     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
eJournal of Public Affairs     Open Access  
Electronic Government, an International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Electronic Journal of e-Government     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
ESPAÇO PÚBLICO : Revista do Mestrado Profissional em Políticas Públicas da UFPE     Open Access  
Estado, Gobierno y Gestión Pública     Open Access  
Estudios de Administración     Open Access  
Éthique publique     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Études rurales     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EURE (Santiago) - Revista Latinoamericana de Estudios Urbano Regionales     Open Access  
European Journal of Government and Economics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
European Journal of Social Work     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 32)
European Policy Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Federal Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
FEU Academic Review     Open Access  
FOR Rivista per la formazione     Full-text available via subscription  
Frontiers in Public Health Services and Systems Research     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Future Studies Research Journal : Trends and Strategies     Open Access  
Gaceta Sanitaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Georgia Journal of Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Gestão Pública : Práticas e Desafios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gestión y Política Pública     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Gesundheitsökonomie & Qualitätsmanagement     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Global Public Policy and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Governance : An International Journal of Policy, Administration and Institutions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Governance Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Government and Opposition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Government Information Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Growth and Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Human Resource Development Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Human Service Organizations Management, Leadership and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Icelandic Review of Politics and Administration     Open Access  
Ids Working Papers     Hybrid Journal  
In Vestigium Ire     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal  
International Affairs and Global Strategy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Community Well-Being     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Electronic Government Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Environmental Policy and Decision Making     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Information Systems for Crisis Response and Management     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Organization Theory and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Public Leadership     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
International Journal of Public Sector Performance Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Review of Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Review of Public Policy     Open Access  
International Tax and Public Finance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Investigación Administrativa     Open Access  
JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik)     Open Access  
Journal of Administrative and Management     Open Access  
Journal of APF Command and Staff College     Open Access  
Journal of Asian Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chinese Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Community Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Comparative Policy Analysis : Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Developing Areas     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Development and Administrative Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Science     Open Access  
Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of European Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 64)
Journal of Governance and Public Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Government and Economics     Open Access  
Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Management & Organization     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 242)
Journal of Management and Development Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nursing Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Organisational Transformation & Social Change     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Park and Recreation Administration     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Policy Practice and Research     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Public Administration and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Public Administration and Policy Research     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
Journal of Public Affairs Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Public Budgeting, Accounting & Financial Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Public Procurement     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Science and Sustainable Development     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Social and Administrative Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Social Studies     Open Access  
Journal of Social Work Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Jurnal Ad'ministrare     Open Access  
Jurnal Administrasi Publik : Public Administration Journal     Open Access  
Jurnal Bina Praja : Journal of Home Affairs Governance     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Administrasi Publik     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Ilmu Administrasi Publik     Open Access  
Jurnal Kajian Pemerintah : Journal of Government, Social and Politics     Open Access  
Jurnal Niara     Open Access  
Jurnal Office     Open Access  
Just Policy: A Journal of Australian Social Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Kwartalnik Prawa Podatkowego / Tax Law Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Law and Administration in Post-Soviet Europe     Open Access  
Law, Democracy & Development     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Law, Innovation and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Liinc em Revista     Open Access  
Local Government Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Middle East Law and Governance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Molung Educational Frontier     Open Access  
National Civic Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
NISPAcee Journal of Public Administration and Policy     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nordic Tax Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Organizações & Sociedade     Open Access  
Orientación y Sociedad : Revista Internacional e Interdisciplinaria de Orientación Vocacional Ocupacional     Open Access  
Parliaments, Estates and Representation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Perspectivas em Políticas Públicas     Open Access  
Perspectives on Public Management and Governance     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
PINISI Discretion Review     Open Access  
Pittsburgh Tax Review     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Police Journal : Theory, Practice and Principles     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 317)
Policy & Internet     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Policy & Governance Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Policy Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Policy Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Policy Studies Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Política, Globalidad y Ciudadanía     Open Access  
Políticas Públicas     Open Access  
Politics and Governance     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Poverty & Public Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Prashasan: Nepalese Journal of Public Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Prawo Budżetowe Państwa i Samorządu     Open Access  
Prison Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Public Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Public Administration and Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Public Administration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Public Administration Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Public Choice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Public Governance Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Public Inspiration     Open Access  
Public Organization Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Public Personnel Management     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Public Policy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Public Policy and Administration     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Public Policy And Administration     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Public Policy and Administration Research     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Public Sector     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Public Works Management & Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Publik (Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi)     Open Access  
PUBLIKA : Jurnal Ilmu Administrasi Publik     Open Access  
Publius: The Journal of Federalism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Pyramides     Open Access  
RACE - Revista de Administração, Contabilidade e Economia     Open Access  
REAd : Revista eletrônica de administração     Open Access  
Regional Science Policy & Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research on Economic Inequality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
rESPaldo : Revista Internacional en Administración de Oficinas y Educación Comercial     Open Access  
Retos de la Dirección     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Administração Científica     Open Access  
Revista de Administração     Open Access  
Revista de Administração Geral     Open Access  
Revista de Administração IMED     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Administración Pública     Open Access  
Revista de Direito da Administração Pública     Open Access  
Revista de Direito Sociais e Políticas Públicas     Open Access  
Revista Desenvolvimento Social     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Digital de Derecho Administrativo     Open Access  
Revista dos Estudantes de Públicas : REP     Open Access  
Revista Eurolatinoamericana de Derecho Administrativo     Open Access  
Revista Foco     Open Access  
Revista Iberoamericana de Estudios Municipales     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Análisis Político y Administración Pública     Open Access  
Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública     Open Access  
Revista Política y Estrategia     Open Access  

        1 2 | Last

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Administrative Sciences
Number of Followers: 5  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2076-3387
Published by MDPI Homepage  [84 journals]
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 43: What Role Do Design Factors
           Play in Applying Performance Measurement Systems in Nonprofit
           Organizations'

    • Authors: Louisi Francis Moura, Edson Pinheiro Lima, Fernando Deschamps, Eileen Van Aken, Sergio Eduardo Gouvea da Costa, Rafael Duarte, Rafael Araujo Kluska
      First page: 43
      Abstract: Recent research on management control and performance measurement and management (PMM) points towards a concern to provide suitable systems in nonprofit organizations (NPOs). However, few attempts have been made to understand these organizations and how their peculiarities influence this process. This research empirically discusses NPOs’ features through the lens of performance measurement and how these features influence performance measurement system’ design, the first step for an iterative PMM. A case study with two NPOs in the United States of America and Brazil provides valuable insights into the design factors. Results indicate that various factors related to purpose, stakeholders, and management influence the design of the performance-measurement system. Their unique organizational characteristics impact the usability and viability of the application of performance-measurement systems.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-03-23
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020043
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 44: Strategy under Ambiguity, and
           a New Type of Decision Dilemma

    • Authors: Richard J. Arend
      First page: 44
      Abstract: In this exploratory study, we challenge real decision makers to make choices in strategic games involving ambiguity, and to rationalize those choices. Such games are unique because they are not optimizable; however, the challenge such decisions represent—making choices over irreversible resource commitments in a competitive context and without complete information—is only growing in frequency in our modern business context. As such, our goal is to improve our understanding of real strategic decision making facing irreducible uncertainty, and then to identify ways to improve the outcomes. The challenge is that there are no theoretical solutions for these problems. (While such work has offered solutions, those have always involved watered-down problems—in terms of a lack of true uncertainty or a lack of true optimization). Thus, we approach the challenge from an experimental methodology as one alternative path toward improving outcomes. We do so by considering the influence of decision and decision-maker characteristics on the behaviors displayed while confronting these problems, with an eye on identifying vulnerabilities. We find that such characteristics correlate with expected behaviors, and that there exists potential room for improvements in the observed strategizing. The results of our study on the behaviors witnessed across three variants of our prototypical game—that represent increasing levels of complexity in the underlying ambiguity—have implications for theory and for practice, where one such conceptual implication involves the discovery of an entirely new form of the decision dilemma.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-03-24
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020044
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 45: Gender Reporting Guidelines in
           Italian Public Universities for Assessing SDG 5 in the International
           Context

    • Authors: Manuela Lucchese, Ferdinando Di Carlo, Natalia Aversano, Giuseppe Sannino, Paolo Tartaglia Polcini
      First page: 45
      Abstract: Gender equity is a topic of significant interest for universities, who are called upon to plan strategies and measures to increase gender equality in line with international policies. With a qualitative methodology based on manual content analysis, the paper aims to understand whether and how this report could positively assess a university’s actions for reaching SDG 5. This study’s results show that the CRUI guidelines can be used by universities to disclose gender policies that may be of interest to stakeholders, and can also be synthesized in THE ranking, increasing university visibility. The present study could be helpful for universities, regulatory bodies, policy makers, and agency rankings to help them identify the most relevant gender items on which to focus their attention.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-03-25
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020045
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 46: Municipal Rating
           System—A Municipality Compliance Index

    • Authors: Galvão Meirinhos, Maximino Bessa, Carmem Leal, Rui Silva
      First page: 46
      Abstract: This research paper presents and discusses the main results generated and obtained with the proprietary computer platform CIDIUS®, developed by the authors of this work, which aims to support the decision-making process of Portuguese mayors. Thus, keeping in mind the theoretical models and based on the data collected through the questionnaire given to the population, we tried to understand the influence that the dimensions Notoriety, Image, and Reputation (NIR), Citizen and Voter Expectations (CVE), Contestation and Complaint of the Municipal Executive (CCME), Perceived Value (PV), and Organizational Performance and Perceived Quality (OPPQ) has a positive effect on Municipe Satisfaction (MS). The parishes of the municipality of Valongo were selected and analyzed, namely the parishes of Alfena, Campo e Sobrado, Valongo, and Ermesinde, and a total of 998 valid questionnaires were collected. It was concluded that all studied dimensions except the Organizational Performance and Perceived Quality (OPPQ) dimension had a positive and statistically significant impact on Municipe Satisfaction (MS). The results of this research suggest the need for the use of these opinion-gathering techniques to encourage active citizen involvement in the daily life of their municipality, as well as the need for valid information that gives executives the ability to take political action that is appropriate to the interests and expectations of citizens.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-03-29
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020046
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 47: The Pitch: Some Face-to-Face
           Minutes to Build Trust

    • Authors: Fabien Guimtrandy, Thierry Burger-Helmchen
      First page: 47
      Abstract: The pitch is an important part of the entrepreneur–investor relationship. To come to an agreement, entrepreneurs and investors need to trust each other. However, how does trust arise between them, and how does trust evolve during the few minutes of a pitch' With the aim to develop propositions, we build on previous studies in entrepreneurship and venture funding. Therefore, we rely on the main concepts of trust useful to analyze the interpersonal relationship during a pitch: behavioral trust and transformative trust. We discuss the place of formal documents diffused prior to the pitch and the importance of the oral presentation. We conclude by suggesting testable proposition on the evolution of trust during the pitch.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-04-07
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020047
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 48: Distance-Dependent Migration
           Intention of Villagers: Comparative Study of Peri-Urban and Remote
           Villages in Indonesia

    • Authors: Ar. Rohman T. Hidayat, Kenichiro Onitsuka, Corinthias P. M. Sianipar, Satoshi Hoshino
      First page: 48
      Abstract: Rural-to-urban migration disturbs essential factors of rural development, including labor forces, land ownership, and food production. To avoid late responses to emigration, scholars have begun investigating earlier stages of rural emigration. However, prior studies have focused on a single spatial entity only while also leaning toward trends in developed countries. Therefore, this study fills gaps by focusing on the differences in migration intention between villages in less developed settings. In observing the differences, this research takes peri-urban and remote villages as cases located at different distances from their nearest urban destination. This study treats migration intention as the dependent variable while using single-indicator place attachment and multi-indicator information sources as the independent variables. This work applies the Mann–Whitney U, ANOVA, and Brown–Forsythe tests on three hypotheses. This research also uses SEM-PLS to investigate the correlation model of the observed variables for each case. The results show that information sources negatively affect migration intentions in peri-urban settings. Remote rural areas also show similar results for the information sources variable; however, place attachment in remote settings significantly contributes to migration intention. These results show that place attachment and information sources contribute differently, depending on the distance to the urban area. We argue that access to public services and infrastructure contributes to the results. The findings suggest that an increased availability of information sources impedes the formation of migration intentions. Thus, this study suggests the necessity of improving rural infrastructure and public services to improve information literacy. It helps the government control rural emigration while fulfilling its obligation for rural development. It also offers better rural livelihoods during the development progress, providing economic incentives for villagers to stay in villages.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-04-08
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020048
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 49: Evaluation of Product
           Development Success: A Student Perspective

    • Authors: László Berényi, László Soltész
      First page: 49
      Abstract: The time pressure on new product development under unpredictable conditions requires the renewal of the project management approach that suggests the prominent role of project managerial competencies in achieving project success. Project management education must be adjusted to understand students’ opinions in the field. The study uses a survey among Hungarian engineering, business, and IT higher education students. The analysis aims to explore opinions about the main barriers to successful product development projects, and the expected ways of regulating the project by ANOVA and principal component analysis. The responses of 126 students confirm the appreciation of management competencies. Gaps in team composition, inadequate communication, common changes in the plans, and the lack of experience in similar development tasks are considered to be the main contributors to product development project failures. Collaboration and competition with external partners were found to be less essential factors. Students believe that regulation of the work is necessary, but the project team should be trusted to establish it. Beyond developing the curricula, the experience of this study can promote the successful execution of collaborative projects between companies and higher education institutions. It can establish expected student competencies to quickly become effective project team members.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-04-13
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020049
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 50: Towards a Holistic Framework
           of Knowledge Worker Productivity

    • Authors: Helga Guðrún Óskarsdóttir, Guðmundur Valur Oddsson, Jón Þór Sturluson, Rögnvaldur Jóhann Sæmundsson
      First page: 50
      Abstract: Many jobs today are predominantly knowledge work. This makes organizations dependent on value created by knowledge workers (KWs). Many of the initiatives to improve and manage knowledge worker productivity (KWP) give unpredictable results depending on factors that are often hidden and unknown. It is important to find a holistic approach to improve and manage KWP that gives consistent results across many different organizations. This paper takes us a step closer towards that objective by mapping insights gained from a systematic literature review to activities in a purposeful activity model of the individual KW at work and, based on the findings, proposing a draft of a holistic KWP framework. The main components of the framework are the state of the individual KW, work done and outcome. The systematic literature review searched for papers with topics that touched on approaches, frameworks, tools, or models which aim to tackle the productivity, performance, effectiveness, efficiency, or management of KWs. Relevant concepts were extracted from each paper and categorized into groups. Twelve groups were formed of which six consisted of concepts relevant to individual KWs and their work: organizational commitment and engagement, communication and relationships, personal characteristics and development, personal knowledge management, well-being and job satisfaction and task approach.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-04-15
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020050
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 51: Bibliometric Analysis of Gig
           Economy

    • Authors: Altanshagai Batmunkh, Maria Fekete-Farkas, Zoltan Lakner
      First page: 51
      Abstract: Technological advances such as smartphones, mobile applications, and online platforms have enabled a new form of economy, known as a gig economy, at a large scale, in which there is a free-market system allowing organizations (job providers) to hire independent contractors (job seeker). Unlike traditional employer and employee relationships, the gig economy creates opportunities for independent workers to seek short-term contract jobs and temporary positions. This article presents a systematic review of the literature associated with a bibliometric analysis of the global perspective of the gig economy. The study aims to present the analysis of published articles that explore the gig economy. Initially, 2297 documents were retrieved by gig economy as a keyword from Google Scholar, Scopus, and Web of Science between 2014 and 2022. After applying certain criteria, only 686 publications were selected for bibliometrics analysis. The selected articles were used to measure bibliometric indicators and evaluate the research work on the gig economy. Bibliometrics an R package for bibliometric and co-citation analysis was used to achieve the results. VOSviewer was also used to analyze the co-occurrence of the keywords. The results highlight the publication trends, top contributing authors and their countries, most cited articles, keywords, and most contributing journals to the research field.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020051
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 52: Untangling Factors Influencing
           Women Entrepreneurs’ Involvement in Tourism and Its Impact on
           Sustainable Tourism Development

    • Authors: Sarminah Samad, Alaa Alharthi
      First page: 52
      Abstract: Women’s involvement in tourism has exerted an immense impact on the nation’s economy. The low involvement of women in some countries has sparked the interest of scholars in investigating the factors that influence their involvement. The main purpose of this study was to examine the influence of self-efficacy (SE), perceptions of women’s work (PWW), empowering leadership (EL), and psychological empowerment (PE) on tourism involvement. Consequently, the study determined the impact of tourism involvement in sustainable tourism development (STD). The population of the study was women entrepreneurs from the Saudi Arabia tourism industry. A total of 201 women participated in the study from the selected sample of 300, obtained through convenient sampling. For the data analysis, SPSS and PLS-SEM were employed. The results revealed that PWW, SE, EL, and PE significantly and positively influenced women entrepreneurs’ involvement in tourism (WEIT). Further, WEIT significantly and positively impacted STD. This research is a pioneering work in which a research model was developed to incorporate PWW, SE, EL, PE, tourism involvement, and STD in light of social exchange theory and social identity theory. The findings provide implications for policymakers and academia and contribute to the existing body of knowledge on women’s entrepreneurship, empowerment, tourism, and business management.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020052
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 53: How to Control Civil Servants:
           Designing and Testing a Solution Informed by Game Theory

    • Authors: A. Georges L. Romme, Harry van de Loo, Ben Dankbaar
      First page: 53
      Abstract: A fundamental challenge in democracy is how to control civil service organizations. This challenge has been primarily addressed by creating horizontal accountability arrangements, in which independent agencies act as auditors and evaluators of civil service organizations. However, horizontal accountability only partially resolves this control challenge. In this paper, we adopt a design science approach and draw on insights from game theory to develop a set of design principles for controlling civil service organizations. Based on these design principles, a system for controlling civil service staff was created and implemented in a medium-sized Dutch municipality. The results obtained in this municipality are rather promising regarding the enhanced efficiency and transparency of the civil service organization, while the high level of job satisfaction among civil servants is sustained. These findings suggest that the benefits of increased transparency in how civil servants are monitored appear to outweigh the fact that they may have less discretion in their work.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-04-27
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020053
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 54: Going the Extra Mile (or Not):
           A Moderated Mediation Analysis of Job Resources, Abusive Leadership,
           Autonomous Motivation, and Extra-Role Performance

    • Authors: Annick Parent-Lamarche, Claude Fernet, Stéphanie Austin
      First page: 54
      Abstract: Abusive leadership is particularly prevalent in nursing and it can have multiple adverse effects on performance at work. However, little research has examined whether and under what conditions abusive leadership may be detrimental to nurses’ extra-role performance. This cross-sectional study explores whether abusive leadership intensifies the effects of emotional job resources on autonomous motivation, a psychological mechanism that could be responsible for extra-role performance. Data were collected from dyads of registered French-Canadian nurses and their immediate supervisors (n = 99 dyads). The models were tested with path analysis using Mplus. Our results show that extra-role performance is positively associated with nurses’ job emotional resources and autonomous motivation, but negatively associated with abusive leadership. Nurses’ cynicism is also negatively associated with autonomous motivation. Importantly, the indirect relation between emotional resources and extra-role performance through autonomous motivation is moderated by abusive leadership, providing support for a moderated mediation effect. These results add to those supporting a similar moderated mediation mechanism to explain employee attitudes and demonstrate the relevance of self-determination theory in a work context. These findings reinforce the need to focus on the quality of leadership practices as well as interventions aimed at promoting the performance of nurses at work.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020054
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 55: Universities and CSR Teaching:
           New Challenges and Trends

    • Authors: Federico Schimperna, Fabio Nappo, Federica Collaretti
      First page: 55
      Abstract: This paper aims to analyse how universities are currently improving CSR teaching, pointing out some new challenges and trends emerging from a context in which CSR issues have become increasingly important. The research provides a longitudinal study of the literature for a period of 20 years. After screening the retrieved documents, we based our analysis on 31 main scientific documents. Our findings highlight how universities are improving CSR teaching by utilising the development of new curricula and new teaching methods, such as case methods, service learning, problem-based learning, and action and experiential learning. The paper is novel because it explores how the request for human resources with CSR skills forced universities to widen their teaching programs. Our findings suggest valuable and useful insights for the academic and professional community.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-04-28
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020055
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 56: Diving into Social Innovation:
           A Bibliometric Analysis

    • Authors: Tânia Martins, Alexandra Braga, Marisa R. Ferreira, Vítor Braga
      First page: 56
      Abstract: This paper aims to map and analyze the scientific production of social innovation, resulting in a contribution to the literature review and guidelines for future research. A bibliometric analysis was conducted to explore the trends on the topic. The primary objectives are (1) to identify how the literature defines the concept of social innovation and to track its evolution; (2) to measure productivity and identify key authors and scientific journals with the highest impact in the field and the association networks between their respective institutions and countries of origin; (3) to analyze and map citations, co-citations, and research topics to pinpoint the topics and dimensions related to social innovation in order to propose future research. Our paper clarifies the concept of social innovation, reports the progresses achieved within this research field, and measures the productivity on this specific topic.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-04-30
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020056
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 57: Analysis of the Economic,
           Labour, and Management Effects of COVID-19 on Rural Accommodation: An
           Application to a Rural European Province (Cáceres, Spain)

    • Authors: Marcelino Sánchez-Rivero, Mª Cristina Rodríguez-Rangel, Paloma García Cerro, Ana Mª Manjón García
      First page: 57
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the consumption habits of tourists to benefit sustainable destinations that are not overcrowded, such as rural tourism destinations. However, the periods of compulsory lockdown have had devastating effects on tourism businesses operating in rural areas and have even jeopardised their economic viability. The aim of this article is to quantify in relative terms the effects that the period of compulsory lockdown in a markedly tourist country, such as Spain, between March and May 2020 has had on rural accommodation in one of the most rural provinces of Spain (Cáceres). Based on a random sample of 225 rural accommodation establishments and the consideration of various factors, statistical techniques of comparison of means and proportions were used to detect differences in the intensity of the effects of the compulsory lockdown on the economic-financial management, bookings, facilities, and input of rural accommodation establishments in the province. The results obtained show that the economic, labour, and management effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on rural tourism businesses in the province of Cáceres have been very substantial. In particular, the businesses with the highest level of tourist services on supply, i.e., those that, in addition to accommodation, also offer other tourist activities, have been the most affected. In view of this situation, urgent emergency measures have been put in place at a provincial level to alleviate the economic loss and the destruction of jobs caused by this pandemic.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-05-04
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020057
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 58: Invigorating Care Farm
           Ecosystem Based on Public Service Innovation: Case of South Korea

    • Authors: Hodong Lee, Boyoung Kim
      First page: 58
      Abstract: Recently, the importance of care farming has been emphasized worldwide for the purpose of public health and healing, and, in particular, discussions on innovative transformation and expansion of the care farm ecosystem have continued in terms of convergence of agriculture and welfare. This study aims to present influencing factors based on a hierarchical concept framework for revitalizing care farm ecosystem based on public service innovation. To this end, the AHP methodology was used. Through previous studies, 16 variables were derived within four categories: recognition, structure, leadership, process, and recognition of variables that affect the activation of the care farm ecosystem and conceptualized them through Delphi techniques. In addition, a survey was conducted on 28 stakeholders in care farming to derive the importance of each variable. As a result of the analysis, ‘reliability’ was derived as the most important factor, followed by factors such as human competence, vision, civic participation, and innovation awareness. Hence, it was confirmed that trust and communication between stakeholders are important to lead the innovative public service ecosystem of care farm, and above all, human competence is an important influencing factor.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-05-09
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020058
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 59: Institutional Change and
           Organisational Resistance to Gender Equality in Higher Education: An Irish
           Case Study

    • Authors: Margaret Hodgins, Pat O’Connor, Lucy-Ann Buckley
      First page: 59
      Abstract: Attempts to transform the gendered structures and cultures of higher education institutions have had limited success. This article focuses on one Irish university (pseudonym University A) where gender inequality was a major concern culminating in high-profile litigation. Using a feminist institutional approach, it asks: (1) What changes and interventions were introduced in the context of a favorable national policy environment and local grassroots support' and (2) how were these interventions perceived by staff' The methodology draws, firstly on the authors’ personal knowledge of the local context; secondly, on an analysis of University A’s key gender equality-related actions and documents; and thirdly, on a thematic analysis of qualitative data from 129 respondents in an online survey. Positive changes are identified, as is institutional resistance, reflected in low ambitions and focus on individualistic solutions. In the qualitative data, resistance involving denial; assertions that the problem is solved; the importance of meritocracy, and a focus on “fixing the women” (and the men) were identified. Acceptance of gender equality as an organisational issue was reflected in criticism of the interventions as tokenistic window dressing; not impacting on the culture and “not going far enough”. The implications for effectively addressing gender inequality are discussed.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-05-10
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020059
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 60: Institutionalization of
           Organizational Change Outcomes in Development Cooperation Projects: The
           Mediating Role of Internal Stakeholder Change-Related Beliefs

    • Authors: Andrew Ronnie Mugenyi, Charles Karemera, Joshua Wesana, Michaël Dooms
      First page: 60
      Abstract: This paper investigated how change outcomes of development cooperation projects can be institutionalized within the beneficiary organization. While a lot of attention has been paid to sustainability in scientific research on issues, projects, and policies related to environmental, industrial, and agricultural production and sustainability management, there are limited studies on the sustainability of organizational-level change outcomes of aid-based project interventions. Using the lens of organizational change institutionalization models, we examined how internal stakeholders’ change-related beliefs, organizational characteristics, and project characteristics relate to the institutionalization process of project outcomes. Data were collected using a questionnaire returned by 130 respondents from a university in the Global South implementing institutional development cooperation projects. Using partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) to analyze the data, we found that organizational characteristics and change-related beliefs both had direct positive effects on the institutionalization process, while project characteristics had negative effects. Additionally, this study reveals that stakeholder change-related beliefs mediated the relationship between organizational and project characteristics and the institutionalization process. The findings support the continual engagement of organizational internal stakeholders in institutionalization efforts throughout the project life cycle, rather than waiting for the project to end. In contrast to the mechanistic, linear result chain approaches that dominate development project discourses, there is a need for more iterative approaches that allow the development of necessary attitudes and behaviors among the beneficiary organization’s internal stakeholders to sustain the project-induced changes.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-05-11
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020060
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 61: Talent Management in the
           Banking Sector: A Systematic Literature Review

    • Authors: Unnar Theodorsson, Thorhallur Gudlaugsson, Svala Gudmundsdottir
      First page: 61
      Abstract: This paper conducts a systematic literature review and relates to how talent management (TM) and recruitment strategies are applied in the financial sector, and specifically in the banking sector. The goals of this paper are to provide a comprehensive analysis of TM research in the financial sector, identify and debate major research topics, and suggest future research possibilities. The study examines publications that were published between 2000 and 2021, which were obtained from the databases Web of Science and Scopus. According to the findings, academics are becoming more interested in TM in the banking sector, which appears to be linked to the severe scarcity of skilled people who possess required talents. The findings are relevant to both academia and the banking sector, as the paper provides data relating to what has already been researched in academia, while also highlighting the need for more research into how TM is understood, valued and implemented. Consequently, this paper paves the way for academics to conduct empirical research on TM and recruitment tactics in the banking sector and the financial sector as a whole. This paper is structured according to the PRISMA requirements for systematic literature reviews.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-05-16
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020061
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 62: Women’s Empowerment as
           an Outcome of NGO Projects: Is the Current Approach Sustainable'

    • Authors: Ghenwa Al Hakim, Bettina Lynda Bastian, Poh Yen Ng, Bronwyn P. Wood
      First page: 62
      Abstract: The area of women’s empowerment has attracted increasing attention among a wide range of interest groups, from authors to researchers to feminist scholars and non-governmental organizations (NGOs). This paper aims to identify the diverse understandings of women’s empowerment in the literature and to discuss empirical evidence from NGO projects in the field. A systematic literature review is employed that includes an analysis of relevant high-quality articles and research papers published in the Scopus database, as well as those produced by United Nations (UN) bodies and well-published authors. The findings highlighted four common understandings of women’s empowerment including granting women a voice, challenging existing power structures, the radical transformation of lives and livelihoods, and gender mainstreaming. The findings of these empirical studies on the role of NGOs in this field revealed understandings limited to granting women a voice and gender mainstreaming, thus reflecting the fact that limited knowledge of women’s empowerment hampers the ability of NGOs to serve women’s advancement and sustainable development. Furthermore, and given that these approaches and understandings still fall short of achieving social inclusion for women, it is recommended that these NGOs discharge their efforts toward initiating systemic change to actually sustain female empowerment in the communities in which they are active.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-05-17
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12020062
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 7: Highly Skilled Migrant Women:
           Achievements and Contributions in Knowledge-Based Economies

    • Authors: Rosa Grimaldi, Francesca Crivellaro, Daniela Bolzani
      First page: 7
      Abstract: Competition among developed industrialised countries for highly skilled migrants has increased in recent decades with the onset of the knowledge-based economy and society (Triandafyllidou and Isaakyan 2014) [...]
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-05
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010007
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 8: Digital Innovations in MSMEs
           during Economic Disruptions: Experiences and Challenges of Young
           Entrepreneurs

    • Authors: Lavinia Javier Cueto, April Faith Deleon Frisnedi, Reynaldo Baculio Collera, Kenneth Ian Talosig Batac, Casper Boongaling Agaton
      First page: 8
      Abstract: The spike in COVID-19 cases all over the world poses a massive impact on various sectors of society. The global economy is no exception, for it has been severely affected by the unprecedented public health crisis leading businesspeople to shutdown commercial establishments and dramatically shifting businesses into digital platforms. Immense challenges brought by the pandemic have turned into great opportunities among entrepreneurs from different parts of the globe. In pursuit of the recovery path, they considered digital tools to be instrumental to surviving the crisis and even thriving in the long term. This study explores drivers and barriers to digital innovations in micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) during economic disruptions from the perspective of Filipino young entrepreneurs. Researchers employed a qualitative method for the conduct of in-depth interviews with 46 online entrepreneurs in the Philippines and transcribed them for Inductive Content Analysis to generate themes. Results found the adverse effects of the pandemic, which reinforce entrepreneurial innovations of shifting businesses to digital platforms, categorized into intrinsic (e.g., personal and professional growth) and extrinsic (e.g., mobility restrictions, market conditions, and household economic status) motivations. Participants described the barriers to digital entrepreneurship, including skills needed for doing online business, market-related problems in digital platforms, availability of quality internet infrastructures, and the pandemic restrictions. The findings of this study contribute to the entrepreneurship literature and areas for an empirical investigation to develop programs that support entrepreneurs during economic disruptions. This would serve as a guidepost in the formulation of government policies and strategies for economic recovery through digital entrepreneurship while considering the perspectives of young entrepreneurs. This further recommends future related researches to empower entrepreneurs, particularly those in the developing economies during the pandemic and beyond.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-05
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010008
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 9: The Simplification of
           Procedures in Portuguese Administrative Law

    • Authors: João Tiago Silveira, Tiago Fidalgo de Freitas, Gonçalo Fabião, Miguel Assis Raimundo
      First page: 9
      Abstract: The present paper intends to provide an overview and a critical assessment of the administrative simplification policies implemented in Portugal over the past 20+ years. Throughout these decades, the major instruments for administrative simplification have been: (i) Decree-Law n. 135/99, of 22 April; (ii) the Simplex programme; (iii) the 2015 new Code of Administrative Procedure and its 2021 amendment; and (iv) the COVID-19 legislation. Although Decree-Law n. 135/99 (i) was the first attempt to specifically address simplification, it was a very thin one. The Simplex programme (ii), created in 2006, was the first cross-sectoral robust policy of simplification; its motto is “the simpler the better” and it encompassed reforms in all government areas aiming at cutting red tape, promoting administrative efficiency, and making the citizens’ and the corporations’ lives easier when dealing with State. The new Code of Administrative Procedure (iii), approved in 2015, brought about specific normative solutions to simplify procedures, namely, prior communications, administrative assistance, procedural conferences, and the electronic one-stop shop. Finally, the COVID-19 legislation (iv) was made necessary by the COVID-19 pandemic and by the fact that public health restrictions made it impossible for citizens to establish personal contact with the administration in many cases.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-06
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010009
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 10: Entrepreneurship Education:
           The Effects of Challenge-Based Learning on the Entrepreneurial Mindset of
           University Students

    • Authors: Alessandra Colombelli, Shiva Loccisano, Andrea Panelli, Orazio Antonino Maria Pennisi, Francesco Serraino
      First page: 10
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to investigate the implications of Challenge-Based Learning programs on entrepreneurial skills, and on the mindset and intentions of university students, through a quantitative approach. Resorting to an original database, we analyzed the pre- and post-levels of entrepreneurial skills, mindset and intention of 127 students who attended a Challenge-Based Learning program. Results show a positive and significant effect of Challenge-Based Learning programs on the entrepreneurial mindset and skills—that is, financial literacy, creativity, and planning—of the students.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-16
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010010
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 11: Values That Work: Exploring
           the Moderator Role of Protestant Work Ethics in the Relationship between
           Human Resources Practices and Work Engagement and Organizational
           Citizenship Behavior

    • Authors: Carolina Zúñiga, David Aguado, Patricio Cabrera-Tenecela
      First page: 11
      Abstract: This research aimed to analyze the moderating effect that Protestant work ethics (PWE) have on the relationship between human resources practices (HRP) and (a) work engagement (WE) and (b) organizational citizenship behavior (OCB). The sample consisted of 299 participants. The results revealed that PWE moderates the relationship between HRP and WE and OCB through five dimensions. The dimensions of PWE-leisure and PWE-centrality of work are moderators between the HRP and the WE. The dimensions of PWE-morality–ethics, PWE-wasted time, PWE-delay of gratification, and PWE-leisure moderate the relationship between HRP and OCB. The analysis offers additional evidence to existing literature in understanding how human resources practices facilitate the development of work engagement and citizenship behaviors. The workers’ values play an essential role here to strengthen that relationship and mitigate its harmful effects.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-17
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010011
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 12: How You Teach Matters! An
           Exploratory Study on the Relationship between Teaching Models and Learning
           Outcomes in Entrepreneurship Education

    • Authors: Ilaria Cascavilla, Davide Hahn, Tommaso Minola
      First page: 12
      Abstract: Although entrepreneurship can be taught in different ways, entrepreneurship education impact studies generally fall short with regard to acknowledging the teaching models of the programs they assess. This severely limits our understanding of how entrepreneurship education actually works. To address this gap, this study describes and implements a procedure to identify the teaching models of entrepreneurship education courses and shows how different teaching models are associated with entrepreneurial learning outcomes. Our analysis is based on a sample of 376 Italian university students who responded to the Global University Entrepreneurial Spirit Students’ Survey (GUESSS) and attended entrepreneurship education courses. We describe and implement a coding procedure that allows us to classify the entrepreneurship courses attended by the respondents into five different teaching models (Supply, Supply–Demand, Demand, Demand–Competence and Competence). We find that courses based on the Supply–Demand, Demand and Demand–Competence Models are associated with better entrepreneurial learning outcomes than those based on the Supply Model. Our findings contribute to the theory and practice of entrepreneurship education program evaluation and design.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-18
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010012
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 13: E-Commerce and SME
           Performance: The Moderating Influence of Entrepreneurial Competencies

    • Authors: Arsalan Hussain, Minhas Akbar, Arfan Shahzad, Petra Poulova, Ahsan Akbar, Rohail Hassan
      First page: 13
      Abstract: This research aims to examine the mediating role of the use of the e-commerce and moderating influence of entrepreneurial competencies on the performance of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). The study data were collected via a structured questionnaire comprised of a seven-point Likert scale from practitioners serving at the top and middle-level positions in Pakistani SMEs. The Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modelling (PLS-SEM) technique was applied on 250 useable returned questionnaires. The results showed that the association between the use of e-commerce and firm performance is positively significant. Moreover, the use of e-commerce mediates the positive association between technological readiness, adoption cost, and firm performance. However, the moderating role of entrepreneurial competencies does not appear as significant between the use of e-commerce and manufacturing SMEs’ performance. The present study is the first to explore entrepreneurial competencies as a moderator between e-commerce adoption and firm performance. The empirical outcomes of this research provide useful theoretical and practical implications for the managers and practitioners to understand the underlying factors for the successful implementation of e-commerce in the SME sector to enhance firm performance.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-18
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010013
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 14: Management Accounting and
           Control in Higher Education Institutions: A Systematic Literature Review

    • Authors: José Vale, Joana Amaral, Luís Abrantes, Carmem Leal, Rui Silva
      First page: 14
      Abstract: The new public management reforms have led to significant changes in higher education institutions (HEIs) regarding the management accounting and control (MAC) of these organizations. Therefore, this paper provides an overview of the main studies on MAC in these types of organizations through a systematic literature review (SLR). The PRISMA guidelines were followed, and data were collected from the Web of Science and Scopus databases. The final sample encompassed 50 articles, published between 1981 and 2020. The results show that MAC research tends to focus on management control systems and performance evaluation systems. They also suggest that, although the development and implementation of various MAC tools are crucial for HEIs, such implementation often is partial. This is due to the stakeholders’ perceptions/attitudes regarding the importance of such tools. The results also indicate that institutional theory is the most addressed one. Most of the time, HEIs implement MAC tools due to external pressures. By synthesizing the main trends in MAC, this SLR intends to provide a theoretical contribution to the literature in this research field. Several themes for further research are suggested, such as assessing the relationship between MAC and the management of “knowledge” and intellectual capital in these institutions, and addressing sustainability issues. From a practical viewpoint, HEI managers can obtain important insights to apply the most appropriate tools to their institutions.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-19
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010014
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 15: How the 2008–2009
           Financial Crisis Shaped Fair Value Accounting Literature: A Bibliometric
           Approach

    • Authors: Carlos Sampaio, Luís Farinha, João Renato Sebastião, Mónica Régio
      First page: 15
      Abstract: This study aims to fulfil a gap in the literature, delivering a road map to understand the course and nature of the fair value accounting literature, further showing how the 2008–2009 financial crisis affected it. Bibliometric methods analyze 377 documents retrieved from the Web of Science and Scopus databases. Results show a heavy increase in fair value accounting literature starting due to the 2008–2009 financial crisis, further showing a shift from fair value accounting regulations to topics such as fair value measurement, earnings management, value relevance, and banks. Results provide further evidence about relevant themes, showing that topics related to financial crises stay relevant, even during times of growth.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-20
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010015
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 16: A Learning-by-Doing Approach
           to Entrepreneurship Education: Evidence from a Short Intensive Online
           International Program

    • Authors: Alessandra Colombelli, Andrea Panelli, Francesco Serraino
      First page: 16
      Abstract: Entrepreneurship is considered a key driver for economic growth. Therefore, more and more studies are investigating the role and effectiveness of entrepreneurship education. In this context, the present study is aimed at investigating the effectiveness of entrepreneurship programs, with a learning-by-doing approach, on the entrepreneurial intention, entrepreneurial characteristics (entrepreneurial attitude, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, entrepreneurial mindset, core self-evaluation) and entrepreneurial skills (creativity, financial literacy, marshaling of resources, planning, teamwork). The study has analyzed a short intensive online entrepreneurship program, which adopts a learning-by-doing approach and targets students from different European technical universities, with different levels of education and different entrepreneurial backgrounds, giving them the opportunity to work on different types of projects. Pre- and post-course surveys were conducted in order to perform qualitative analyses on the effectiveness of the program. The results show that the entrepreneurial intention and perception of the entrepreneurial characteristics and skills of the students increased after participation in the program. In addition, our findings reveal that the program appears to be more effective for MSc students than for PhD ones and for students who had never attended any entrepreneurship program before, while there is no difference in the effectiveness of the program in terms of gender.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-21
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010016
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 17: Strategic Background of the
           Start-Up—Qualitative Analysis

    • Authors: Štefan Slávik, Ivana Mišúnová Hudáková, Katarína Procházková, Branislav Zagoršek
      First page: 17
      Abstract: A start-up is a relatively new and attractive entrepreneurial form that is being explored in a broader national economy and industry context. However, there is little knowledge about its strategy, which is mainly represented by the business development strategy. The main goal of the research is to deepen and expand knowledge about the strategic background of start-ups, which is preparation and condition for a development strategy and later a business strategy, too. The partial goals of the research are in-depth and detailed knowledge of the content and novelty of the business idea, the quality of the internal environment of the start-up, the nature of the external environment of the start-up, and the content of the goals. The research sample contains 147 start-ups operating in Slovakia. Each start-up was researched by a member of the research team, who personally recorded the statements of the founder. The research results are based on qualitative analysis and synthesis of statements of the founders of start-ups. The main result of the research is a summary view of the strategic background of the examined start-ups, which expresses the peculiarities of the start-up business making and documents the possibilities and motives of the start-up’s strategizing. The summary of knowledge about the strategic background of the start-up is synthesized into a strategic balance sheet, which expresses the strategic perspective of the start-up, the possibilities of survival, explains the potential failure, and provides a solution to the identified imbalance. The practical use of the results consists of providing a model of the strategic balance, which is the result of field research of real and functioning start-ups. The originality and value of the research lie in the direct collection of qualitative data, immediate knowledge of business reality, and the synthesis of results into a comprehensive and at the same time detailed picture of the strategic background of the start-up.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-21
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010017
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 18: Organizational and Structural
           Approaches on Administrative Simplification: The Case of Kosovo

    • Authors: Ruzhdi Halili, Simona Kukovič
      First page: 18
      Abstract: Administrative simplification is a particular approach that is considered a key aspect to ensure the quality of regulations and legislation. The appropriate organizational and structural approach to managing, coordinating, and monitoring administrative simplification is an important factor. The institutional framework for managing and coordinating administrative simplification initiatives has been the subject of discussions in the Government of Kosovo for several years. The objective of this paper is therefore to analyze the institutional set up in the central administration, as well as gaps and challenges, and their implications for the implementation of such reforms in Kosovo. It also presents the context of the reforms implemented by the Kosovo state administration to simplify administration and reduce administrative burdens. Particular attention is paid to the importance, status of implementation, and administration of the Law on General Administrative Procedures. Several recommendations and options have been made based on the findings of this study, the authors’ first-hand experience, and best comparative international practice.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-21
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010018
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 19: Effects of the Entrepreneurial
           Strategic Orientation of Social Enterprises on Organizational
           Effectiveness: Case of South Korea

    • Authors: Changwon Cho, Boyoung Kim, Sungho Oh
      First page: 19
      Abstract: This study aims to empirically verify whether the entrepreneurial strategic orientation of social enterprises has any effect on organizational effectiveness with the mediation of dynamic capabilities. In the consideration of social enterprises’ features, strategic orientation consisted of social value orientation, entrepreneurial orientation, and market orientation. Dynamic capabilities consisted of absorption capacity and coordination capacity, and organizational effectiveness was comprised of job satisfaction and organizational commitment. An online questionnaire survey targeted 228 employees of Korean social enterprises. The survey results were analyzed using a structural equation. As a result of the analysis, entrepreneurial orientation and market orientation significantly affected absorption capacity, but social value orientation did not affect it. Social value orientation and market orientation significantly affected coordination capacity, but entrepreneurial orientation did not affect it. Absorptive capacity and coordination capacity affected organizational effectiveness, and the hypotheses were adopted. Consequently, it was revealed that market orientation had the most significant effects on social enterprises’ dynamic capabilities and organizational effectiveness. It was confirmed that social value orientation and entrepreneurial orientation revealed differences depending on the absorptive capacity and coordination capacity of dynamic capabilities.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-24
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010019
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 20: Perceived Organizational
           Support, Coworkers’ Conflict and Organizational Citizenship
           Behavior: The Mediation Role of Work-Family Conflict

    • Authors: Cláudia Andrade, Paula C. Neves
      First page: 20
      Abstract: The aim of the present study is to investigate the extent to which perceived organizational support and coworkers’ conflict and work-family conflict play a role in the performance of three types of organizational citizenship behaviors. A cross-sectional design was used comprising a sample of 164 health support workers working in Portuguese elderly care facilities. Using structural equation model findings showed that perceived organizational support is linked with organizational citizenship behaviors, directly and indirectly, via work-family conflict. Furthermore, coworkers’ conflict was also related with organizational citizenship behaviors, directly and indirectly via work-family conflict. The linkage between perceived organizational support and coworkers’ conflict through work-family conflict can offer new insights into how to enhance organizational citizenship behaviors by active management. These findings can help elderly care organizations and their managers to design better workplace conditions where organizational support and coworkers’ conflict can be better managed allowing workers to have more control over work-family conflict and promoting organizational citizenship behaviors.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-25
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010020
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 21: Determinant Factors of SDG
           Disclosure in the University Context

    • Authors: Serena De Iorio, Giovanni Zampone, Anna Piccolo
      First page: 21
      Abstract: Universities are expected to have a leading role in the advancement, promotion, and achievement of the 2030 UN Agenda, embedding the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) across their four dimensions (teaching, research, campus operations and governance, and community outreach) and in their reporting cycles from a whole-institution perspective. In this landscape, academics and practitioners have started to assess universities’ commitment toward the global goals. Nonetheless, research on university SDG disclosure is still in its infancy, being limited to descriptive studies, single case studies, or national contexts. This paper aims to analyse SDG disclosure in the university context from a cross-country perspective. Specifically, it investigates the internal and external factors affecting the universities’ disclosure choices through an OLS regression technique based on multiple and complementary theoretical frameworks (i.e., legitimacy theory, stakeholder theory, and institutional theory). Starting from the Times Higher Education (THE) world university ranking, the sample comprises 844 universities in 81 countries observed over the course of 2021. The empirical findings show a significant and positive impact of the institutional macro-context, university size, age, and diversity on SDG disclosure. The results aim to contribute to the debate by the academic community and policy makers on the universities’ commitment to fostering the awareness, collaboration, measurement, and achievement of SDGs.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-28
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010021
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 22: CSR Reporting Practices: The
           Case of University of Bari

    • Authors: Francesco Campobasso, Graziana Galeone, Simona Ranaldo, Matilda Shini
      First page: 22
      Abstract: Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is a relevant topic for researchers and practitioners, widely explored with reference to companies. However, there are still few studies that address how higher education institutions integrate CSR practices into their strategy. This represents an important limitation since the university, through academic training and research activity, is the main promoter of CSR practices among different categories of stakeholders. Given the many benefits associated with the adoption of CSR, this study aims to explore the topic of CSR in universities, as they are institutions that act in the public interest and represent the ideal context for spreading the culture of preserving environmental and social, as well as economic, sustainability. The main purpose of this study is to explore, through the methodology of case studies, the type and effectiveness of the tools used by universities, specifically the University of Bari, to disseminate and integrate CSR into corporate strategy. Furthermore, this study aims to investigate how the university ensures the involvement of stakeholders, represented in particular by professors, administrators and students (stakeholder approach), in CSR initiatives. The analysis revealed the centrality of the investigated university in promoting CSR issues and sustainable territorial development. Finally, the study provides empirical evidence of the actions and methods of integrating CSR practices into corporate strategy and the ways in which stakeholders are involved.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-01-29
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010022
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 23: Sustainable Entrepreneurs of
           the Future: The Interplay between Educational Context, Sustainable
           Entrepreneurship Competence, and Entrepreneurial Intentions

    • Authors: Sanna Joensuu-Salo, Anmari Viljamaa, Elina Varamäki
      First page: 23
      Abstract: The aim of this paper is to understand how sustainable entrepreneurship competence impacts entrepreneurial intentions in two educational contexts: in higher education and in secondary education. We applied the sustainable entrepreneurship framework, which includes six competencies of sustainable entrepreneurship, and the Theory of Planned Behavior. The data were gathered from seven European countries and consist of 486 responses from higher education students and 642 responses from secondary-level students. The results show that sustainable entrepreneurship competence (SEC) is a significant factor that can explain entrepreneurial intentions. It has a significant direct effect on entrepreneurial intentions in both educational contexts. Perceived behavioral control (PBC) moderates the relationship between SEC and entrepreneurial intentions; the effect of SEC decreases when PBC increases. The moderating effect was found only with higher education students, not with secondary-level students. This study demonstrates a connection between sustainable entrepreneurship competence and entrepreneurial intentions and contributes to a better understanding of the role of sustainable entrepreneurship competence in shaping students’ aspirations for an entrepreneurial career in different educational contexts.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-03
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010023
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 24: Formation of Social
           Entrepreneurial Intention: A Qualitative Grounded Approach at the Base of
           the Pyramid

    • Authors: Frederik Claeyé, Yosra Boughattas, Erno T. Tornikoski
      First page: 24
      Abstract: While there have been some attempts at investigating and theorizing social entrepreneurial action at the base of the economic pyramid, our understanding of the processes contributing to the formation of social entrepreneurial intention in contexts of extreme poverty remain limited. In this study, we aim to address this gap by providing a better understanding of the formation of social entrepreneurial intentions of youths at the base of the economic pyramid. Drawing on a qualitative grounded approach, we highlight the role of self-confidence, perceived self-efficacy and social ascension beliefs as important drivers in understanding the formation of social entrepreneurial intention of youths at the base of the pyramid. At a practical level, our study suggests that besides developing entrepreneurship-specific knowledge, support mechanisms should also pay attention to the development of different self-related beliefs of youths to enable the formation of social entrepreneurial intention at the base of the pyramid.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-06
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010024
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 25: Acknowledgment to Reviewers of
           Administrative Sciences in 2021

    • Authors: Administrative Sciences Editorial Office Administrative Sciences Editorial Office
      First page: 25
      Abstract: Rigorous peer-reviews are the basis of high-quality academic publishing [...]
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-07
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010025
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 26: From Neo-Weberian to Hybrid
           Governance Models in Public Administration: Differences between State and
           Local Self-Government

    • Authors: Aleksander Aristovnik, Eva Murko, Dejan Ravšelj
      First page: 26
      Abstract: Public administration and public governance play a crucial role in society today by ensuring that social needs are met. Due to the constantly changing environment, public governance models have transformed many times, creating differences in public governance practices among public administration institutions, with combinations of contradictory structures and principles that coexist. Accordingly, this paper aims to provide an overview of different public governance models, extract quantifiable elements based on models’ principles and examine the extent of layering of different governance models at different levels of public administration in the specific case of the Slovenian administration. Thus, the main focus is on identifying the differences in characteristics of public governance practices between state administration and local self-government. The results show state administration institutions are more strongly characterised by the Neo-Weberian model’s principles. In contrast, local self-government institutions are more oriented to managerial public governance and Digital-Era Governance practices. Public managers may regard the results as additional resources for democratic and efficient governing. At the same time, they may provide policymakers with in-depth insights to consider while determining the trajectories of future public administration reforms.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-09
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010026
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 27: Emotional Dissonance, Job
           Stress, and Intrinsic Motivation of Married Women Working in Call Centers:
           The Roles of Work Overload and Work-Family Conflict

    • Authors: Moo-Kyeong Jeon, HyunJoong Yoon, Yuha Yang
      First page: 27
      Abstract: This research was designed to test and extend the model of emotional dissonance. Previous models of emotional dissonance, such as the Job Demand-Resource (JD-R) and the Stress-Strain-Outcome (SSO) models, are limited in that they do not account for the influences of work and work–family-related conflicts. The present paper focused on emotional labor carried out by married women working in call centers. We developed the model of emotional dissonance influencing intrinsic motivation and job stress, with the moderating effects of work overload and work–family conflict. The data of 468 employees analyzed using least square regression showed that that emotional dissonance is positively related to job stress, but is negatively related to intrinsic motivation. Both work overload and work–family conflict were found to be significant moderators that aggravate the positive relationships between emotional dissonance and job stress, and the negative relationships between emotional dissonance and intrinsic motivation. Theoretical and practical implications on emotional labor and emotional dissonance are discussed.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-11
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010027
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 28: Employees’ Innovative
           Work Behavior and Change Management Phases in Government Institutions: The
           Mediating Role of Knowledge Sharing

    • Authors: Nawal Abdalla Adam
      First page: 28
      Abstract: The change management process in government institutions includes many challenges that require identifying the factors that may facilitate such a process. This study aims to examine the mediating impact of knowledge sharing (KS) on the relationship between employees’ innovative work behavior (EIWB) and change management phases in governmental institutions, based on Lewin’s model. The data were collected from 300 employees working in governmental institutions in Saudi Arabia using a structured survey questionnaire method. Structural equation modeling (SEM-PLS) with bootstrap procedures was used to test the research hypotheses. The results of the study demonstrated that KS has a significant mediating impact on the relationship between EIWB and the stages of change management (unfreezing, change process, and refreezing). Additionally, KS had greater mediating effects on the unfreezing and refreezing phases than on the change process phase. These results indicate the importance of promoting EIWB and encouraging a knowledge sharing culture for the successful implementation of change programs in governmental institutions.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-14
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010028
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 29: The Antecedents of
           Transparency of Italian Public Entities: An Empirical Analysis in
           Universities and Public Research Institutes

    • Authors: Angela Rella, Arcangelo Marrone, Nicola Raimo, Filippo Vitolla
      First page: 29
      Abstract: Transparency within universities and public research institutes is an element of significant relevance in the Italian context. Over the years, the need for greater transparency has prompted the legislator to regulate transparency obligations in order to ensure a minimum level of information disclosure. Despite the normative obligation, Italian universities and public research institutes provide different levels of information. This circumstance requires an empirical analysis aimed at understanding the different levels of transparency of Italian universities and public research institutes, and the factors that can influence the amount of information disclosed. The results show a positive impact of the size and the internationalization on the level of the transparency of these institutions.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-14
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010029
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 30: The CSR Spillover Effect on
           Consumer Responses to Advertised Reference Price Promotion

    • Authors: Chih-Huang Lin, Yuan-Shuh Lii, May-Ching Ding
      First page: 30
      Abstract: This paper highlights the moderating effect of retailer CSR perception and CSR contribution type on the relationship between advertised reference price (ARP) and consumer evaluations. A two-by-three between-subjects factorial design is employed with the manipulation of ARP and CSR contribution type for hypothesis testing. Experimental results show that internal reference price, value of the deal, attitude towards the deal and purchase intention are higher for the exaggerated ARP than for the plausible ARP in the high CSR perception condition. Similar effects also occur when the retailer CSR contribution type is present in the reference price advertisement. Specifically, in-kind contribution exerts larger effects than money. This study contributes to a better understanding and crafting of integrative ARP and CSR strategies to influence consumers’ price perceptions, evaluations and intentions.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-14
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010030
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 31: A Systematic Literature Review
           about Team Diversity and Team Performance: Future Lines of Investigation

    • Authors: Lurdes Patrício, Mário Franco
      First page: 31
      Abstract: This study aims to identify the different research paths that help us understand the emerging aspects explaining how team diversity influences team performance. We also present future lines of investigation that could help us to understand this theme. The study is a systematic literature review (SLR) of articles collected from the Web of Science (WoS) database, within management or business categories, published between 1996 and 2020, considering knowledge diversity, team heterogeneity, team wisdom, cross-functional project teams, and team composition. This study enables the systematization of the existing literature. The framework presented is based on the reviewed articles and explains the articulation of the concepts of team diversity and team performance based on three literature clusters, namely: (1) Team Knowledge Diversity, (2) Diversity Effects and (3) Desirable Outcomes of Diversity. Therefore, this work enriches the systematization of the academic literature on this topic, providing an original framework and a future research agenda organized by literature cluster.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-15
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010031
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 32: Infrastructure and Subjective
           Well-Being from a Gender Perspective

    • Authors: Gloria Alarcón-García, José Daniel Buendía-Azorín, María del Mar Sánchez-de-la-Vega
      First page: 32
      Abstract: Mainstreaming gender analysis into all aspects of policy making, including infrastructure and economic policy, is a key aspect to achieving gender equality. The main objective of this paper is to examine the impact of several public infrastructures on well-being by gender, applying the Capability and Subjective Well-being approaches. An index of access to infrastructure is constructed and its effect on well-being is estimated using a new survey dataset from Spain. The results from the logistic regression model show that access to infrastructure positively affects subjective well-being, particularly of female respondents. All dimensions of infrastructure matter more for women’s well-being than men’s. Important differences in the impact on well-being by the types of infrastructures analyzed and the impact differs significantly by age are obtained. The findings suggest that designing public infrastructure policies can contribute to reducing gender well-being gap.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-16
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010032
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 33: Seven Steps to Strategic SDG
           Sensemaking for Cities

    • Authors: Ville Taajamaa, Minna Joensuu, Barbara Karanian, Luis Bettencourt
      First page: 33
      Abstract: This practitioner paper is based on the need to make sense of UN Agenda 2030 and Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) at the city level and in an urban context. We examine the need to explain how to utilise the SDGs in strategic, tactical and operative urban development. We find that there are knowledge and practise gaps in how to localise SDGs in the urban context. This need and the lack of existing tools has led to the development of a strategic sensemaking process, which has been tested and developed with municipal and other practitioners, locally and globally. The paper presents findings from this process of development and from implementation pilots, including an SDG Sensemaking Tool (SST), a step by step iterative procedure to address these gaps. The main focus of this paper is the SDG Sensemaking process, which relies on analysing SDGs in relation to any given phenomena or project within or outside a city. The first results in this work-in-progress show that it contributes to an understanding on the complexity of how SDGs are related to the analysed phenomena, and catalyses the SDG localisation process, which helps make sense of how to navigate and measure progress in such complex environments. More research and applications are, however, needed, so as to further understand how urban governance can meet holistic, sustainable-development needs. Future work will, firstly, comprise further integrating SDGs into city-level strategies with a focus on the local, regional, national, and global impact on sustainable development and the actualisation of SDGs, and secondly, on further developing SST so that it can serve these purposes.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-17
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010033
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 34: Sustainability Reporting at a
           Crossroads in Italian Universities: Is Web-Based Media Adoption
           Deinstitutionalising Sustainability Reporting'

    • Authors: Patrizia Di Tullio, Matteo La Torre
      First page: 34
      Abstract: Higher education institutions and universities have recently started to publish their sustainability and corporate responsibility reports. Yet, due to digitalisation and the benefits of digital reporting, websites offer organisations novel opportunities to communicate more updated, timely and interactive information than a periodic sustainability report. However, we know little about sustainability reporting practice within universities and their use of online communication. This study examines the relationship between sustainability reporting practices and web-based communication practices in Italian universities. We employed a qualitative enquire and content analysis of the sustainability web pages of Italian public universities by analysing their content and updates and their relationship with their adoption of sustainability reporting. Our results suggest there are risks to web-based media being used to replace sustainability reporting, resulting in a deinstitutionalising effect for sustainability reporting. This study contributes to the literature on sustainability reporting and disclosure in universities by exploring web-based university communication on sustainability issues and stimulating the debate on replacing sustainability reports with more timely and interactive forms of communication.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-17
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010034
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 35: The Impact of Good Governance
           on the People’s Satisfaction with Public Administrative Services in
           Vietnam

    • Authors: Nguyen Ba Chien, Nguyen Nghi Thanh
      First page: 35
      Abstract: The State of Vietnam continues to show the cumbersome, limited effectiveness of the public sector and the widespread corruption of public servants. Yet, it has been endeavoring to renovate national governance in the direction of good governance to improve the quality of public services to meet the requirements of an increasingly high level of education and social life democratization. Since 2018, the Vietnamese government has been applying the Satisfaction Index of Public Administrative Services (SIPAS) to measure people’s satisfaction with administrative services. This fact has received full attention from scientists, and there have been many studies on this issue. Therefore, this study has explored the impact of good governance on people’s satisfaction with administrative services by employing some variables of the SIPAS scale, including five dependent variables, namely: accessibility; administrative procedures; civil servants’ ethics and capacity; the results of the procedure settlement; the reception and handling of comments, feedback, and recommendations; and an independent variable, namely the people’s satisfaction, to add more evidence to previous studies and enrich the research literature. This study has been conducted through a cross-sectional survey using an intentional sampling technique (n = 500). The multivariate linear regression analysis technique was applied to prove the hypotheses. According to the research findings, all independent variables have a positive and significant relationship with the dependent variable. They imply that good governance initially has positive and significant effects on the Vietnamese people’s satisfaction level.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-18
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010035
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 36: University Social
           Responsibility: Challenging Systemic Racism in the Aftermath of George
           Floyd’s Murder

    • Authors: Paulette A. Meikle, Lekeitha R. Morris
      First page: 36
      Abstract: In this paper, we examine university discretionary interpretation of the 2020 social upheaval that emanated from George Floyd’s murder as an element of university social responsibility (USR) policymaking. The paper addresses two research questions: (a) What are university presidents’ implicit and explicit social justice responses to George Floyd’s death and the idealistic protests of 2020' (b) To what degree are principles of social justice embedded in universities’ intellectual roots and social responsibility' Using a sample of university presidents’ public statements in response to George Floyd’s death and the idealistic protests of 2020, we analyze the response and responsibilities of universities in the struggle for a just society. We cross-check mission statements and strategic plans to corroborate universities’ public statements with their institutional philosophies, mission, and action plans relating to discrimination against racial and ethnic minorities and systemic racism. We use critical discourse analysis and the Voyant Tool to perform a textual analysis of 62 university presidents’ letters and mission statements. They all denounced the dehumanization and inequitable treatment of Black people. An important implication of our work is the sharp difference in the depth and forthrightness of responses by university presidents across university types. Some presidential letters are forthright in their denouncement of the murder of George Floyd and systemic racism, while others were, at best, vague in their approach. Presidential letters disclose their institutions’ priorities, organizational identities, and social responsibility convictions. Overall, mission statements and strategic plans included addressing systemic racism and inequality. While there is no ordered symmetry between presidential narratives and institutional action, we anticipate social responsibility as a core institutional value. We argue for social justice anti-racist platforms as critical dimensions of USR. We call for university milieus that promote a fair and just society among all stakeholders.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-02-21
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010036
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 37: Causes and Effects of
           Processes’ Complexity in Public Institutions: Some Experiences from
           Italian Universities

    • Authors: Guido Modugno, Ferdinando Di Carlo, Manuela Lucchese
      First page: 37
      Abstract: This paper addresses the issue of complexity in the administrative processes in public institutions; in particular, accounting routines and processes are examined. Back-office activities, although having a merely supporting role in the delivery of public services, are often quite complex and use a significant amount of public institutions’ resources. However, the literature reveals a scarce use of accounting data by politicians and citizens. While the relation between complexity and costs has been the subject of major research in the business world, this issue is still unexplored with regard to the administrative processes of public institutions. This paper is based on an in-depth analysis of two cases in the higher education sector.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-03-01
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010037
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 38: The Balanced Scorecard as a
           Strategic Management Tool in the Textile Sector

    • Authors: Patrícia Quesado, Salomé Marques, Rui Silva, Alexandrino Ribeiro
      First page: 38
      Abstract: This paper aims to develop a proposal for implementing the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) in a large Portuguese company that operates in the textile sector, intending to promote its subsequent implementation. Through a qualitative research approach, a case study was carried out, using interviews, which allowed clarification of the strategic guidelines of the company under study. It was found that the organization under analysis has defined the main pillars for building the BSC: the mission, values and vision. It was also found that this is an organization with an open culture, concerned with developing efforts to create and implement tools that allow clear and fluid communication of strategic objectives in all sectors that incorporate it. It was also possible to assess that the BSC is a tool known to all employees. Everyone recognized that it would be a useful tool for improving organizational performance to meet strategic objectives. However, some factors were also found that can hinder its implementation, such as the availability of time, the organizational culture and everyone’s commitment to the execution of this strategic management tool.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-03-02
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010038
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 39: Taxonomy of Factors Involved
           in Decision-Making to Sustain Organization Members’ Creativity

    • Authors: Martina Blašková, Dominika Tumová, Martin Mičiak
      First page: 39
      Abstract: Creativity is highly valued in all areas of life, and it must be supported in the academic environment for the future prosperity of all organizations. This is the primary source of creativity for practice. The research presented is based on answering the following questions: Are an organization’s members willing to increase their motivation if the organization’s motivational efforts improve' What elements in decision-making are used to support the creativity and motivation of the organization’s members' The paper proposes a novel taxonomy of decision-making factors influencing organizations’ sustainable creativity based on linking the findings from the authors’ surveys. Its application will lead to an improvement in the organizations’ processes, especially in the process of education and knowledge generation. The sociological inquiry was used as the main data collection method. Other methods applied included content analysis, practical cases analysis, and comparison. Methods of mathematical-statistical analysis and deductive-inductive approach were used in the evaluation. This resulted in the confirmation of the impact of creative decision-making approaches by employees and managers on sustainable motivation and creativity in the organization. The taxonomy of decision-making factors for the support of sustainable creativity reflects the results of this original research combined with the findings summarized in the discussion.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-03-05
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010039
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 40: An Integrated Methodology
           Model for Smart Mobility System Applied to Sustainable Tourism

    • Authors: Carlo Amendola, Simone La Bella, Gian Piero Joime, Fabio Massimo Frattale Mascioli, Pietro Vito
      First page: 40
      Abstract: This work aims to analyze the impact of technological eco-innovation on the modernization and development of a local area. The role of eco-innovation would be to stimulate an innovative environment and spur a development of the territory and economic districts, and the diffusion of said particularities among wider geographic contexts, hence allowing a globalization model more observant of local specificities, and thus an open system able to develop economic and cultural exchange respecting local particularities. In recent years, smart city has asserted itself as a general model for the city of tomorrow, and sustainability has become a focal point in urban development policies. In this paper, we investigate how an integrated and intermodal methodology for the development of smart mobility systems—the European project “Life for Silver Coast”—is impacting the modernization and development of an Italian coastal area in Tuscany. The main focus of our paper is to understand how an integrated mobility network allows a transition toward a sustainable form of social relationship and a new economic pattern and could represent the starting point for a spatial, relational and institutional reorganization process that would lead to a change in the production and management dynamics of the local ecosystem concerning cultural, social and economic issues.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-03-08
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010040
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 41: Employee Involvement and
           Participation as a Function of Labor Relations and Human Resource
           Management: Evidence from Greek Subsidiaries of Multinational Companies in
           the Pharmaceutical Industry

    • Authors: Eleni Triantafillidou, Theodore Koutroukis
      First page: 41
      Abstract: Employee involvement and participation is part of Labor Relations and Human Resource Management. This study is to identify how and to what extent employee involvement and employee participation mechanisms are used in the Greek subsidiaries of multinational companies in the pharmaceutical industry. The issues examined in this study are the design of employee involvement and participation practices, the similarities and differences of employee participation practices in the group of companies internationally, corporate employee communication and consultation mechanisms, corporate policy towards trade unions and the EWC nature and agreements. The research method is qualitative with semi-structured interviews conducted with management executives, human resource management executives and the selected organizations participating in the study are active in the pharmaceutical industry and fall within the scope of Directive 2009/38/EC/16.5.2009 on the right of employees to information and consultation at Community-scale companies and groups of companies. The findings indicate that most of the participant companies when designing employee involvement and participation practices, consider a formal model of best practices that has been codified for all multinational companies. Regarding the global company’s policy on consultation and employee involvement most of the participant companies state that they provide a little more than the institutional framework requires. Nevertheless, management receives information about the activity and meetings of the EWC systematically at the time of EWC meetings. Increasing employee participation requires both management attention and initiatives on the part of employees.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-03-09
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010041
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 42: Insights on Value Co-Creation,
           Living Labs and Innovation in the Public Sector

    • Authors: Luis Rubalcaba, Kirsty Strokosch, Anne Vorre Hansen, Maria Røhnebæk, Christine Liefooghe
      First page: 42
      Abstract: Citizen participation in the planning, design, and delivery of public services has been of central interest for public administration and management scholars since the 1970s at least (Osborne and Strokosch 2021, 2022) [...]
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2022-03-19
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010042
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 1: Motivation and Productivity of
           Employees in Higher Education during the First Lockdown

    • Authors: Jacqueline R. Rietveld, Djoerd Hiemstra, Aleid E. Brouwer, Jan Waalkens
      First page: 1
      Abstract: In a cross-sectional study among 623 employees of a higher education institution, we examined the relations between perceived competence, autonomy, relatedness, intrinsic motivation, and productivity during the first lockdown in the spring of 2020. The results indicate that, relative to the period before the lockdown, the employees experienced an increase in autonomy and competence, but a decrease in relatedness, intrinsic motivation, and productivity. Structural equation modelling revealed that the decrease in productivity can be explained by a decrease in intrinsic motivation, which in turn can be explained by changes in relatedness, autonomy, and perceived competence. Thus, during the lockdown, both positive and negative motivational consequences of teleworking were observed. However, the ultimate consequence for employees’ productivity was negative. An important difference between this study and previous studies on the topic of teleworking, is that the present examined the motivational process under extreme circumstances in which employees had to switch overnight form onsite to remote working.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-21
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010001
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 2: Entrepreneurship Competence
           Model for Supporting Learners Development at All Educational Levels

    • Authors: Urve Venesaar, Elina Malleus, Grete Arro, Martin Toding
      First page: 2
      Abstract: The development of entrepreneurship competence considering a broad view of entrepreneurship requires a systematic approach to determine the validated content of learning and methodological basis for supporting learners’ entrepreneurial attitudes and behaviour. There is still relatively little research in this area at all levels of education. Addressing entrepreneurship competence as key competence of lifelong learning allows to broaden the understanding and describe the development of different aspects of entrepreneurship competence through meaningful and supportive interactions in the learning environment. This will allow a better understanding of how to support entrepreneurship competence in various courses and age groups. In this article, a framework of entrepreneurship competence called the Comprehensive Entrepreneurship Competence Model (CECM) is proposed. The development of an entrepreneurship competence model relies on the theory of systems thinking. The CECM model focuses on the developmental perspective (fundamental processes of human development) that is not emphasised in other models. The article also suggests how to support the development of entrepreneurship competence systematically at all levels of education through embedding entrepreneurship competence into the curricula, study programmes of different subjects and overall learning processes.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-24
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010002
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 3: A Triad of Uppsala
           Internationalization of Emerging Markets Firms and Challenges: A
           Systematic Review

    • Authors: Paul Agu Igwe, David Gamariel Rugara, Mahfuzur Rahman
      First page: 3
      Abstract: The economic advancement of emerging markets such as China, Brazil, and India has been regarded as one of the benefits of a globalized world. This paper revisits and evaluates the Uppsala model to teases out the process, speed, determinants, and challenges of early internationalization approaches of firms in transition and emerging markets (TEMs). Applying Systematic Literature Review (SLR), this article collects, disintegrates, and categorizes previous studies, synthesizing the theoretical models to shed light on small and medium enterprises (SMEs) characteristics, behaviour, and motives to internationalise, as well as the approaches to internationalisation. This method identified 183 articles published between 2008–2018 from 84 international journals. A triad (a set of three related things) highlights the three main features of the Integrated Uppsala Model including the basic assumptions, influential factors, and competitive strategies of firms. The findings suggest that the institutional–legal environment constitutes key barriers that firms in TEMs must overcome to develop an early internationalization strategy. It appears that internationalization literature focusing on emerging markets is biased towards China. The review identifies a need for future studies to (i) focus on emerging markets firms in Africa and South America; and (ii), provide a cross-country analysis and evaluation of internationalization strategies of TEMs.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-25
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010003
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 4: Holistic View of Intuition and
           Analysis in Leadership Decision-Making and Problem-Solving

    • Authors: Leonie Hallo, Tiep Nguyen
      First page: 4
      Abstract: Making decisions is a key task for leaders and managers. Senior leaders are currently exposed to increasing amounts of data which they must process quickly in our current dynamic world. Complex factors in the business world are not always best approached through an analytical framework. Using tacit knowledge gained through intuition can enable a more holistic understanding of the deep nature of today’s problems. This paper takes an expansive view of decision-making with intuition right at the centre and canvasses understandings of intuition arising from philosophy, psychology, Western and Eastern beliefs; and proposes a model that relates intuition to other problem-solving approaches. The paper presents the results of interviews with senior leaders who must make difficult decisions in complex turbulent environments. The interview schedule is based on questions raised in a prior literature search concerning the relationship between intuition and analysis in complexity decision-making and problem-solving, the usefulness to this group of respondents, the possibilities of combining both approaches and any conflict arising from that combination, and understandings of the concept of intuition by these respondents. The resultant model presents a visual description of a process that moves from exterior assessment achieved via sensing and analysis, through to deeper understandings and a more holistic discernment gained through intuition. The model has the potential to assist leaders faced with difficult-to-solve problems in providing a better understanding of the steps involved in tackling problems of increasing levels of complexity.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-27
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010004
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 5: Student Entrepreneurship in
           Universities: The State-of-the-Art

    • Authors: Federico Schimperna, Fabio Nappo, Bruno Marsigalia
      First page: 5
      Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to understand how universities develop and support student entrepreneurship. We did a preliminary Systematic Literature Review (SRL) on scientific articles regarding student entrepreneurship published during the last twenty years. Our findings emphasize three main research areas, emerging from a cluster analysis: (i) student entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention; (ii) university support for entrepreneurship; (iii) entrepreneurship education and learning. Particularly, our study points out that the new paradigm of the entrepreneurial university overcame the classical university model through the introduction of many innovations to foster student entrepreneurship. This paper provides an SLR on university role in fostering student entrepreneurship and it is useful for the academic and professional community. Additionally, it is original because it highlights the future directions of entrepreneurship and the main innovations adopted by universities to help students in the development of entrepreneurial initiatives.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-28
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010005
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 12, Pages 6: Effects of Difficult Coworkers
           on Employees’ Responses in Macao’s Public
           Organizations—The Mediating Role of Perceived Stress

    • Authors: Wai-Ming To, Billy T. W. Yu
      First page: 6
      Abstract: Difficult coworkers can be found in almost every workplace, including public and private organizations. This paper investigates the effects of difficult coworkers on employees’ responses including intention to leave and mental health through attitude towards difficult coworkers and perceived stress in public organizations. Data were collected from 307 public sector employees in Macao SAR, China. Results of partial least squares–structural equation modeling indicated that difficult coworkers significantly influenced their coworkers’ attitude towards them. Additionally, perceived stress partially mediated the relationship between employees’ attitudes towards difficult coworkers and intention to leave, while employees’ attitudes towards difficult coworkers did not have a significant effect on mental health. The study’s findings shed light on how difficult coworkers impacted employees’ attitudes, perceptions, and responses in Chinese public organizations.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-28
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci12010006
      Issue No: Vol. 12, No. 1 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 117: Corporate Social
           Responsibility through SDGs: Preliminary Results from a Pilot Study in
           Italian Universities

    • Authors: Antonio Costa, Alessandra Tafuro, Marco Benvenuto, Carmine Viola
      First page: 117
      Abstract: Background: In the broad scientific debate on the integration of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in the strategic planning of universities and on the use of monitoring the results of the strategy of the indicators relating to the pursuit of sustainable development goals (SDGs), there is a lack of studies demonstrating the effective degree of institutionalization of CSR in universities. Methods: This analysis constitutes a pilot study relating to the Italian university context. The study was carried out through an analysis on the contents of the three-year strategic performance plans (2020–2022) drawn up by individual universities and compulsorily published on the national portal of the Public Function Department, as required by article 10, paragraph 1, letter (a) of Legislative Decree 150/2009. A matrix was made with the information extracted by the documents and relative to the presence of the SDGs in the strategic performance plan. Consequently, using a Likert scale, the different degrees of institutionalization of CSR in the strategic plan of the universities were coded. Results: The results of the pilot study highlighted that the strategic planning of Italian universities’ CSR practices and the challenges of sustainable development are hardly ever systematically addressed. Therefore, there is a low degree of institutionalization of CSR in the Italian university system, even though the literature shows a high cultural and scientific commitment to establish university and post-graduate study courses with corporate social responsibility and sustainable development content and an increasing trend in the use of the accountability tools such as the social report or the sustainability report. Conclusions: It is necessary to share the results of scientific research on CSR and SDGs with the government and governance bodies of universities in order to harmonize the CSR and sustainability culture of these bodies with that of academics.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-10-18
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040117
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 118: Business Methodology for the
           Application in University Environments of Predictive Machine Learning
           Models Based on an Ethical Taxonomy of the Student’s Digital Twin

    • Authors: Luis Miguel Garay Gallastegui, Ricardo Francisco Reier Forradellas
      First page: 118
      Abstract: Educational institutions are undergoing an internal process of strategic transformation to adapt to the challenges caused by the growing impact of digitization and the continuous development of student and labor market expectations. Consequently, it is essential to obtain more accurate knowledge of students to improve their learning experience and their relationship with the educational institution, and in this way also contribute to evolving those students’ skills that will be useful in their next professional future. For this to happen, the entire academic community faces obstacles related to data capture, analysis, and subsequent activation. This article establishes a methodology to design, from a business point of view, the application in educational environments of predictive machine learning models based on Artificial Intelligence (AI), focusing on the student and their experience when interacting physically and emotionally with the educational ecosystem. This methodology focuses on the educational offer, relying on a taxonomy based on learning objects to automate the construction of analytical models. This methodology serves as a motivating backdrop to several challenges facing educational institutions, such as the exciting crossroads of data fusion and the ethics of data use. Our ultimate goal is to encourage education experts and practitioners to take full advantage of applying this methodology to make data-driven decisions without any preconceived bias due to the lack of contrasting information.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-10-19
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040118
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 119: Digital Platform Ecosystems
           for Sustainable Innovation: Toward a New Meta-Organizational Model'

    • Authors: Mario Calabrese, Antonio La Sala, Ryan Patrick Fuller, Antonio Laudando
      First page: 119
      Abstract: This work aims to develop a conceptual model to support countries, institutions, and firms toward the accomplishment of present Agenda 2030 sustainability goals. The last two decades have seen a growing interest in sustainability. Climate change, resource scarcity, multipolarity of interests, mistrust and delegitimization of institutions are just some of the critical issues that need to be addressed. There is broad consensus on the urgency of generating further social, environmental, and economic innovation to address these challenges, reshaping global markets, and offering new spaces of action to firms and institutions. Accordingly, there also is a wide search for new models of organizing firms. Digital platforms are among those. Moreover, since digital platforms require coordination among multiple actors and interests in order to succeed, they may also be conceptualized as meta-organizations, less hierarchical than firms yet more tightly coupled than markets. However, despite the wide literature on platforms, this organizational lens seems not to have been taken into the right consideration. This conceptual work aims to fill this gap, providing a framework that clarifies why and how a digital platform ecosystem could configure a sustainable meta-organizational model, and also providing the main steps to build it.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-10-20
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040119
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 120: Festival of Audiovisual
           Micro-Stories in Psychology (Microfest): An Innovative Teaching Project
           for Students of Audiovisual Communication and Journalism

    • Authors: Rebeca Bautista Ortuño, Beatriz Bonete-López, Raquel Lorente-Martínez
      First page: 120
      Abstract: Introductory psychology courses can be demotivating for students of social sciences degrees such as Audiovisual Communication and Journalism. Although the importance of this subject is more than justified, it is essential to design and apply innovative strategies that stimulate the teaching–learning process among first-year students, so that, through activities other than traditional lectures, their interest in behavioural sciences is aroused and they understand the importance of this subject for the future development of their professional careers. The aim of this paper is to present MICROFEST, a PIEU-UMH teaching innovation project, which has been applied as part of the continuous evaluation of students of the Fundamentals of Psychology course, taught in the first year of the Audiovisual Communication, Journalism and Joint Honours degree programmes at the Miguel Hernández University, during the 2020/21 academic year (n = 167). Through a format similar to that of a short film festival, an activity was proposed that involves the development of a series of sequential tasks aimed at creating, in pairs, a fictional audiovisual micro-story that addresses content or a theme directly related to psychology. The results obtained after the implementation of the project during the four months of the course show that the students of the three degree programmes presented a high level of performance in this part of the course, have favourable attitudes towards it and valued the initiative very positively. The indicators of satisfaction with the project were found to be good predictors of motivation towards the subject as a whole. Thus, continuance of the design and application of teaching innovation strategies that favour the teaching–learning process is recommended, and students’ satisfaction and attitudes toward it.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-10-20
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040120
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 121: Nascent Technology
           Entrepreneurship among Bulgarian STEM Students

    • Authors: Desislava Yordanova
      First page: 121
      Abstract: Technology entrepreneurship may contribute significantly to economic development and innovation. Little research has investigated the role of the university in technology entrepreneurship among STEM (science, technology, engineering or mathematics) students. More research into the entrepreneurial intentions–behaviour link is needed. This paper aims to identify university-related factors that may contribute to the translation of technopreneurial implementation intentions into actions in a sample of 200 STEM students. The variables university research excellence and perceptions of business development support significantly influence the likelihood of nascent technopreneurial behaviour. This study contributes to a greater understanding of the technopreneurial process and the drivers of technopreneurial behaviour among STEM students. The results of this study may help to enhance nascent entrepreneurship among Bulgarian STEM students.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-10-22
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040121
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 122: New Business Education Model
           for Entrepreneurial HEIs: University of Tirana Social Innovation and
           Internationalization

    • Authors: Dorina Kripa, Edlira Luci, Klodiana Gorica, Ermelinda Kordha
      First page: 122
      Abstract: Educational needs are changing worldwide. Social aspects and the impact of knowledge and education on changing society are already taken into consideration from some viewpoints. However, the social impact of different models of education that bring new knowledge in innovative ways and the application of social entrepreneurship still need be investigated. The main question that this study addressed is how higher education institutions (HEIs) will approach the new era, in relation to knowledge needs and their social impact, and which model allows HEIs to become more entrepreneurial and follow social entrepreneurship. The paper contributes to addressing challenges and opportunities that universities (especially those located in developing countries) face in their pathway to developing social entrepreneurship education with the aim of increasing their value creation capacity. Through a case study analysis, this paper highlights the relevance of knowledge creation, circulation, and transfer among different stakeholders for universities to shift towards an entrepreneurial and innovative perspective. The findings of this research highlight the relevance of social innovation, knowledge development processes, and wide and collaborative national and international networks as essential elements in paving the way for universities to become entrepreneurial universities.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040122
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 123: “After All, No One Is
           Superhuman Here”: An Analysis of the Perceived Effects of Managerial
           Athleticism

    • Authors: Harri Raisio, Tero Kuorikoski, Tero Rantala, Mikko Rask
      First page: 123
      Abstract: Executive duties have long been described as becoming more intensive and demanding. One contributing factor is a perceived increase in the complexity of the operating environment. A high level of physical fitness has been suggested to support responses to those demands. This study aims to contribute to the topic by producing a holistic view informed by asking how physically active executive-level leaders perceive the impact (whether positive or negative) of managerial athleticism on the level of the individual, organization, and society. Twenty physically active high-level leaders were interviewed for the study. The sample was almost equally split by gender, represented a diverse range of societal sectors, and engaged in many different forms of exercise. The results support previous research; however, this study provides a more nuanced view of the topic. Although the interviewees saw many good aspects of physical exercise, such as providing physical, affective, cognitive, and social resources, they were also able to think critically about their personal relationship with exercising and their attitudes toward others taking physical exercise. The study highlights the role of balancing the harmonious and obsessive aspects of the relationship with exercising. Instead of a disproportionate study of extreme cases, we conclude that it would be worthwhile studying leaders with a harmonious relationship with exercise to ensure results do not become biased and physically active leaders are not stereotyped.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-10-26
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040123
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 124: University Social
           Responsibility: The Case of Italy

    • Authors: Maurizio Comoli, Lorenzo Gelmini, Valentina Minutiello, Patrizia Tettamanzi
      First page: 124
      Abstract: Increasing attention is now being paid to the concept of sustainability as a crucial element of our life at all levels. The awareness that attention must be paid not only to the present, but also and above all to the future of the society in which we live has increased attention to social and environmental issues, such as climate change and the digital revolution. This transformation has also impacted the public sector: in particular, the scientific attention in the university sector has led to the birth of the concept of University Social Responsibility (USR), which suggests that universities sustainably re-transform their work. However, this issue has so far only been the subject of a few studies. The purpose of this article is to promote greater awareness on the part of universities of the importance of addressing sustainability issues. The results of the analysis, obtained thanks to the use of a questionnaire and interviews, depict the state of the art in the adoption of social reporting practices by Italian universities and identify the main reasons and barriers to the adoption of these practices.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-10-29
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040124
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 125: Digital Entrepreneurship:
           Public Perception of Barriers, Drivers, and Future

    • Authors: Isabelle Biclesanu, Sorin Anagnoste, Ovidiu Branga, Marco Savastano
      First page: 125
      Abstract: The widespread access to the Internet has undoubtedly changed the way businesses handle their processes and interact with their customers. With the surge of new devices, business models, technologies, and platforms, alongside social media growth and innovative advertising, it became easier to transition from employment to entrepreneurship. The paper aims to assess the public perception of digital entrepreneurship, with a focus on its barriers, drivers, and expectations for the future. The results show that there is a slight agreement with a digital business being easier to establish compared with a traditional one. The driving forces behind starting a digital business are recognized, and the digital environment is considered essential for business growth in the following years. With some exceptions, there are no significant differences between age groups, genders, relationship statuses, levels of education, and/or occupations when rating the barriers, drivers, and expectations for the future of digital entrepreneurship.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-03
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040125
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 126: A Sustainability Management
           Model for Local Government: An Explorative Study

    • Authors: Fabio De Matteis, Elio Borgonovi
      First page: 126
      Abstract: Although the scientific debate in the field of business economics is rich in contributions to the subject of sustainability, they mainly focus on a specific aspect represented by sustainability reporting. Consistent with this bibliographic evidence, the aim of this study was to investigate a sustainability management model in local authorities, which, by examining the dimensions of sustainability, goes beyond the focus of reporting highlighted in the literature to consider the entire sustainability cycle (from planning to measurement). To this end, the methodology of the single case study with multiple units of analysis is used, examining the case of an Italian local authority that has experimented with the sustainability management model described in this paper. The analysis of the case leads to some concluding remarks on the strengths and weaknesses of the model, contributing to the scientific debate on sustainability management and providing useful indications for public managers and political decision-makers.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-05
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040126
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 127: Accountable Government
           through Collaborative Governance'

    • Authors: Eva Sørensen, Jacob Torfing
      First page: 127
      Abstract: Governance researchers have repeatedly discussed how to make public governance more accountable given the relatively ‘thin’ accountability of representative government. Recent decades have seen the growth of new, compensatory forms of accountability. However, these measures do not seem have satisfied the demands for strengthening public sector accountability. Drawing on the concept of social accountability, this article challenges common wisdom in arguing that collaborative governance may enhance public governance accountability, although it also raises new accountability problems that must be tackled. The article develops a heuristic framework for empirical studies of accountability, which improves the impact of collaborative forms of governance.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-08
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040127
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 128: Explicating Brand Equity in
           the Information Technology Sector in Vietnam

    • Authors: Hien Thi Ngoc Huynh, Hoa Doan Xuan Trieu, Phuong Van Nguyen, Tue Gia Tran, Long Nguyen Hai Lam
      First page: 128
      Abstract: Vietnamese IT businesses have expanded internationally and have reached a turning point with opportunities and challenges typical when establishing a global brand. To assist Vietnamese IT firms in the development of branding strategies, this study investigated the direct influences of various firm competencies, such as innovation, marketing, networking, and dynamic capabilities, on brand equity in the business-to-business (B2B) information technology (IT) industry. In addition, the study examined whether the enterprise’s capabilities indirectly affected B2B brand equity via value co-creation and customer value. By employing PLS-SEM to analyze a sample of 182 questionnaire responses from IT firms in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, the study found that innovative, networking, and dynamic capabilities had a direct, positive effect on brand equity. The mediating effect of value co-creation and customer value on the association between marketing capability and brand equity was also reported. The research also recommended branding strategies for enterprises that seek to improve their internal competencies and abilities to innovate and respond swiftly to market dynamics. In a successful marketing strategy, all stakeholders must be involved in the value co-creation and brand equity building process, and this is particularly critical in a knowledge-intensive industry such as IT.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-09
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040128
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 129: Women’s Skills and
           Aptitudes as Drivers of Organizational Resilience: An Italian Case Study

    • Authors: Antonietta Cosentino, Paola Paoloni
      First page: 129
      Abstract: The economic system has experienced heavy consequences caused by the recent pandemic. This paper investigates the interaction between the crisis and organization reaction, focusing on the female managerial role and contribution to overcoming the crisis in male-owned and managed companies. To achieve the research objectives, we used a qualitative research method based on an explorative case study. The results show that female managerial skills have fostered organizational resilience in terms of: (i) the attitude to change; (ii) the ability to promote new initiatives; and (iii) the ability to have initiated, consolidated, and managed solid formal relationships with institutional stakeholders. Our results also highlight the decisive contribution of corporate governance (even if male-oriented) in favoring the growth and autonomy of women in positions of responsibility. This contribution is evidenced by (iv) increasing delegation of roles and responsibilities in managing relationships with institutional stakeholders to women managers; and (v) recognizing women managers’ talents in terms of career progression. The originality of this work is represented by the survey that aims to determine how the female management of businesses managed and owned by men can foster the resilience of companies. On the other hand, this paper investigates how female leadership drives organizational resilience during unexpected shocks, opening an interdisciplinary viewpoint.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-10
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040129
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 130: A Scoping Review of Empirical
           Evidence on (Digital) Public Services Co-Creation

    • Authors: A. Paula Rodriguez Müller, Cesar Casiano Flores, Valerie Albrecht, Trui Steen, Joep Crompvoets
      First page: 130
      Abstract: The public sector is facing significant challenges regarding public services provision, including declination of users’ trust and limited resources. An alternative approach to traditional public service provision with the potential to address these challenges is the co-creation of public services. Co-creation promises to foster innovative solutions to provide high-quality services that respond to users’ needs. Considering this background, we aim at critically exploring public service co-creation via a scoping review, employing the PRISMA-ScR method. Our review focuses on 25 empirical studies out of 75 analyzed articles that examine the implementation of co-creation of (digital) public services and investigates how the empirical literature portrays the concept of public service co-creation. Our findings primarily suggest that co-creation can be implemented in a wide range of sectors and settings, to improve public services and to foster innovation, throughout the whole public service cycle, using a variety of digital, analog and hybrid co-creation tools and strategies. Yet, our review has also shown that there is still an implementation gap that needs to be bridged between knowing and doing in the context of public services co-creation in a digital setting.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-10
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040130
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 131: Project Managers as Knowledge
           Workers: Competencies for Effective Project Management in Developing
           Countries

    • Authors: Armstrong Amoah, Frederic Marimon
      First page: 131
      Abstract: Studies have shown that project managers are responsible for the successful management of various projects. Increasingly, this success depends on the project manager being a knowledge worker (KW)—i.e., possessing and utilizing both “hard” and “soft” skills/competencies to manage assigned projects. Nonetheless, there has not been enough studies on what these competencies are, especially in the context of developing countries (DCs). This study, therefore, seeks to conceptualize project managers as KWs by identifying the key competencies and their relationships needed to effectively manage projects in DCs. To achieve this objective, a survey was conducted among 112 project management (PM) practitioners in Ghana. The opinions from the respondents were edited, summarized and categorized by creating word queries, thus, making it easier to make deductions from them. Finally, content analysis was conducted to help establish links in the responses so as to deduce appropriate recommendations. The findings provide a set of “soft” and “hard” skills/competencies and their unique combinations for effective PM in DCs. The primary contribution of this study stems from highlighting the key competencies that project managers need to ensure effective PM in DCs, thus, helping these countries to make a more efficient use of their scarce resources.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-11
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040131
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 132: Organizational Culture and
           Corporate Performance in the Ecuadorian Environment

    • Authors: Ana Belén Tulcanaza-Prieto, Iliana E. Aguilar-Rodríguez, Carlos Artieda
      First page: 132
      Abstract: This study examines how organizational culture influences corporate performance in the Ecuadorian service sector. The study employs four organizational culture features and twelve concepts for corporate performance using a self-designed online questionnaire, which were supplied to postgraduate students from academic programs at Universidad de Las Americas (UDLA) in Quito, Ecuador. The respondents were working as managers or employees in small Ecuadorian service firms. The operational items of the questionnaire to measure organizational culture and corporate performance were designed using the Denison model. The findings reveal a statistically positive relationship between organizational culture and firm performance. Moreover, involvement, adaptability, consistency, and mission affect the non-financial performance of the Ecuadorian service sector. Involvement is the critical determinant of the influence of organizational culture on corporate performance, while training shows the strongest association with organizational culture. This study provides a perspective on long-term organizational strategies, vision, and performance. Future research should include the characteristics of the studied firms to increase the effectiveness of the proposed model.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-12
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040132
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 133: Toward a Sustainable
           University: Babes-Bolyai University Goes Green

    • Authors: Gianluca Zanellato, Adriana Tiron-Tudor
      First page: 133
      Abstract: The present research aims to investigate the roadmap followed by a Romanian University implementing sustainability practices and thus contributing to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Informed by the stakeholder theory lens, the study contributes to the literature by exposing, from a longitudinal perspective, the case of the evolving commitment toward a more sustainable future by Babes-Bolyai University. In order to provide empirical results relevant to the literature, the investigation followed a combination of qualitative methodologies oriented to demonstrate how the institution approaches the recently developed sustainable development goals. Informed by the stakeholder theory, the research represents one of the first studies focusing on university SDG disclosure. Despite the modest recognition of Romanian HEIs in international rankings, the present study outlines a convinced commitment and a clear pathway, of BBU, toward a more sustainable future. Our research’s originality relies on the selected institution and the university’s policies with the SDGs. The study provides fresh knowledge in the growing debate of SDGs and HEIs and outlines how such institutions can contribute toward sustainable development goals through means already available.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-12
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040133
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 134: Methodology for Designing
           Humanitarian Supply Chains: Distribution of COVID-19 Vaccines in Mexico

    • Authors: Eva Selene Hernández Gress, Neil Hernández-Gress, Karen Sujo Contla
      First page: 134
      Abstract: This paper presents a methodology for designing a humanitarian supply chain (HSC) for immunization in Mexico. The study analyzes the abilities of HSCs provided in the literature and those that are relevant for the HSC vaccination in Mexico. In addition, the stakeholders involved in HSC for immunization were studied. A sentiment analysis of more than 900 newspaper articles was conducted to determine society’s perception of the government’s strategy for vaccine distribution. Considering these aspects and a review of the state-of-the-art in the design of supply chains, a methodology for HSC is proposed. Some of the findings are that resilience and agility, the most important abilities in HSCs in Mexico, can be achieved through government support and strong collaboration between different stakeholders, which was found to be the weakest point of the strategy. The problems observed in the vaccination strategy in Mexico were as follows: (1) a single physical space per municipality was defined for the application of the vaccine, (2) there is a shortage of vaccines, and (3) as far as we know, no methodology has been applied to carry out immunization. This approach considers the design of HSCs in terms of capabilities and stakeholders, which, to the best of our knowledge, is a novel aspect of the literature. This methodology can be used for various scenarios of HSCs in Mexico.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-12
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040134
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 135: Determinants of ICT
           Innovations: Lessons Learned from Sweden and Sri Lanka

    • Authors: Chaminda Wijesinghe, Henrik Hansson, Love Ekenberg
      First page: 135
      Abstract: Innovation is critical for enterprises and the country’s economy, and it has resulted in an improvement in living standards. There may be appropriate lessons to learn from other countries, but their adoption must be assessed due to education and living standards variations. This paper aims to build an in-depth understanding of the stimulating factors for ICT innovations from Sweden, and examines their adoption in the context of a developing country, Sri Lanka. ICT innovations significantly impact development in other sectors, as they can ease doing business and other essential services. This study is based on seven interviews, including key people leading innovation activities in Sweden. Then, it critically analyses and presents the application of stimulating factors in Sweden to the context of a developing country, namely Sri Lanka. The results indicate that education and mindset, a risk-taking environment, embracing failures, digitalisation and collaboration are the critical determinants of ICT innovations in Sweden. This research is vital for educational policymakers in universities, technology transfer offices, and governmental policymakers.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-15
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040135
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 136: When COVID-19 Is the Invader
           and Internal Communication Is the Hero: Understanding the Influence of
           Internal Communication on Individual Performance and Evaluating the
           Mediating Role of Perceived Support

    • Authors: Daniel Roque Gomes, Patricia Lourenço, Neuza Ribeiro
      First page: 136
      Abstract: Objective: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of internal communication (IC) of organisations on the quality of the individual–organisation relationship, specifically with regard to the effects generated with respect to individual performance (IP) in a pandemic framework. In this sense, the study intends to evaluate the effects of IC on the employee’s IP, having as a mediator perceived organisational support (POS). Methodology: To achieve the aforementioned objectives, a cross-sectional quantitative study was prepared, data for which were collected during a period of confinement that took place between 9 February and 15 March 2021. A total of 340 individuals of both sexes participated in the study. Genders were 67.6% female and 32.4% male, with ages ranging from 25 years to over 61 years, from all districts of Portugal and the Islands. Results: The main results obtained showed that IC was positively and significantly correlated with POS and also with IP, and that there was also a total mediation effect of POS in the relationship between IC and IP. Practical implications: These results seem to support the need for organisations to invest in their internal communication practices as a way of stimulating strong and fruitful relationships between workers and the organisation. Internal communication seems to be a relevant indicator for the management of proximity relationships with workers, especially in adverse contexts, like the ones experienced during the pandemic crisis. Well-developed internal communication supports and practices seem to be a valid path towards developing bonds leading to improved performance.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-19
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040136
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 137: CSR Education in Economia
           Aziendale Curricula: An Overview

    • Authors: Andrea Venturelli, Roberta Fasiello, Simone Pizzi
      First page: 137
      Abstract: In the last few years, policymakers have underlined the need for new soft and hard skills about corporate social responsibility (CSR). The main debate about CSR education has been driven by the 2030 Agenda, which explicitly recognized Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) as having a pivotal role. In particular, many academics started to develop qualitative and quantitative studies to evaluate the integration of CSR contents in business schools’ curricula. The paper aims to contribute to the existing debate through the analysis of the contribution provided by Italian HEIs to CSR Education. In particular, we adopted qualitative methods to evaluate the specific contribution provided by Economia Aziendale scholars.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-19
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040137
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 138: Organisational
           Characteristics That Facilitate Gender-Based Violence and Harassment in
           Higher Education'

    • Authors: Pat O’Connor, Margaret Hodgins, Dorian R. Woods, Elisa Wallwaey, Rachel Palmen, Marieke Van Den Brink, Evanthia Kalpazidou Schmidt
      First page: 138
      Abstract: Gender-based violence and sexual harassment (GBVH) by and towards academics and students has been under-theorised at an organisational level in higher education institutions (HEIs). The methodology involves a critical review of the literature on GBVH and organizational responses to it, locating it in the context of an analysis of organizational power. The theoretical perspective involves a focus on power and workplace bullying. It identifies three power-related characteristics of academic environments which it is suggested facilitate GBVH: their male-dominant hierarchical character; their neoliberal managerialist ethos and gender/intersectional incompetent leadership which perpetuates male entitlement and toxic masculinities. These characteristics also inhibit tackling GBVH by depicting it as an individual problem, encouraging informal coping and militating against the prosecution of perpetrators. Initiating a discussion and action at organizational and state levels about GBVH as a power-related phenomenon, challenging the dominant neo-liberal ethos and the hierarchical character of HEIs, as well as reducing their male dominance and increasing the gender competence of those in positions of power are seen as initial steps in tackling the problem.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040138
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 139: Universities’ Social
           

    • Authors: Maria Teresa Nardo, Georgiana Cristina Codreanu, Fabiana Roberto
      First page: 139
      Abstract: This paper examines the degree of social responsibility integration in Italian public universities’ medium and long-term planning documents. We adopted a qualitative approach, applying the content analysis technique to a selected sample of 20 strategic plans issued by Italian large and mega universities. The coding instrument was developed considering the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) contained in the United Nations 2030 Agenda. Therefore, we identified 17 categories and 103 key symbols. The analysis undertaken showed that to date, Italian public universities still pay little attention in their planning documents to objectives regarding the multiple dimensions of Social Responsibility, mainly in relation to environmental issues, a failure detrimental to University Social Responsibility implementation and achievement. However, there is a greater sensitivity to Social Responsibility issues in some universities’ planning documents, therefore also more mature practices can be identified, showing universities that have institutionalized the concept of sustainability in their planning documents.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-22
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040139
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 140: Issues and Implications of
           Readiness to Change

    • Authors: Yousef Ahmad Alolabi, Kartinah Ayupp, Muneer Al Dwaikat
      First page: 140
      Abstract: In light of readiness to change, organizational readiness has received little attention with the extensive assessment of individual readiness to change. (1) Background: Therefore, this conceptual paper aims to address the need for change at the organizational level through the lenses of Lewin theory, organizational change theory, and social exchange theory. It will identify issues and implications in readiness to change at the organizational level; (2) Methods: The primary method used in the study was mainly a literature review to add neglected factors driving change such as contextual factors and technology. (3) Results: The paper shows how various players and other determinants of successful change implementation can derail the organization’s readiness to embrace change. (4) Conclusions: The paper adds to the available knowledge on how technology is likely to affect organizational willingness to change. The study suggests various solutions that seek to address the issues on organizational readiness to change. Hence, this study may provide organizational managers with takeaway implications on change management for policymakers and practitioners to improve an organization’s preparedness towards change implementation.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-23
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040140
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 141: The Paradox of Gender
           Diversity, Organizational Outcomes, and Recruitment in the Boards of
           National Governing Bodies of Sport

    • Authors: Marjukka Mikkonen, Jari Stenvall, Kati Lehtonen
      First page: 141
      Abstract: Diversity have become a desired value in sport organizations. However, regardless of the aspiration towards more gender diverse leadership, women leaders remain a minority. Diversity and its impact on group performance has also increased interest among scholars. Building on information/decision-making theory and the concept of the right fit, this paper introduces a new theoretical model that sheds light on the contradiction of gender-biased recruitment/selection processes in sports organization boards and the impact of diversity on organizational outcomes. The model is partly tested with survey data from the Finnish National Governing Bodies of Sport (NGBs). This paper shows that, because of the gender-biased recruitment/selection process, the benefits of gender-diverse organization boards may not be fully actualized, which not only affects the functioning of sports organizations, but may also limit women’s inclusion on sports organization boards.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-24
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040141
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 142: University–Industry
           Collaboration: A Sustainable Technology Transfer Model

    • Authors: Antonia Terán-Bustamante, Antonieta Martínez-Velasco, Andrée Marie López-Fernández
      First page: 142
      Abstract: Faced with the pandemic caused by COVID-19, universities worldwide are giving a powerful response to support their communities. One way to provide support is via the collaboration between universities and industries, allowing the co-creation of knowledge that leads to innovation. Historically, universities, as knowledge-intensive organizations (KIOs), have produced knowledge through research. At present, its important contribution to countries’ economy is widely recognized through the development of new knowledge and technical know-how. Universities are a source of innovation for firms, which ultimately translates into social welfare improvements. The objective of this research is to analyze the university–firm linkage. The methodological strategy is carried out using Bayesian networks through a model where the main elements of university–industry linking, which impact competitiveness and innovation, are identified and quantified. The technology transfer model shows that the most crucial processes are Technology Strategy, Value Proposal, Knowledge Management, Control and Monitoring, Innovation Management, Needs Detection, Knowledge Creation, New Products and Services, and Absorption Capacity.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-25
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040142
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 143: Role of Public Entities in
           Suitable Provision of Public Services: Case Study from Slovakia

    • Authors: Viera Papcunová, Roman Vavrek, Marek Dvořák
      First page: 143
      Abstract: Local governments in the Slovak Republic are important in public administration and form an important part of the public sector, as they provide various public services. Until 1990, all public services were provided only by the state. The reform of public administration began in 1990 with the decentralization of competencies. Several competencies were transferred to local governments from the state, and thus municipalities began to provide public services that the state previously provided. Registry offices were the first to be acquired by local governments from the state. This study aimed to characterize the transfer of competencies and their financing from state administration to local government using the example of registry offices in the Slovak Republic. In the paper, we evaluated the financing of this competency from 2007 to 2018 at the level of individual regions of the Slovak Republic. The results of the analysis and testing of hypotheses indicated that a higher number of inhabitants in individual regions did not affect the number of actions at these offices, despite the fact that the main role of the registry office is to keep registry books, in which events, such as births, weddings, and deaths, are registered.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-11-30
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040143
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 144: Hospitality Industry
           Employees’ Intention to Stay in Their Job after the COVID-19
           Pandemic

    • Authors: Chien-Liang Chen, Mei-Hui Chen
      First page: 144
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic had a devastating effect on the tourism and hospitality industries in Taiwan, causing some small companies to cease trading and large companies to place their employees on unpaid leave. Placing employees on unpaid leave may have negatively affected the intention of hospitality employees to remain in their jobs. This study examined whether employees’ job insecurity and organizational identification affected their intention to stay in their job during the COVID-19 pandemic. Previously developed scales were adopted to develop items measuring job insecurity, organizational identification, and intention to stay in a job. Responses to 515 returned questionnaires were examined. The results revealed that job insecurity significantly affects organizational identification. Both job insecurity and organizational identification significantly affected intention to stay. Few studies have used path analyses to investigate the relationships among intention to stay, job insecurity, and organizational identification. The indirect effect of organizational identification was analyzed, and evidence supporting a total effect and total indirect effect was obtained. This implies that hospitality companies seeking to retain staff during crises should promote organizational identification among staff.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-02
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040144
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 145: Female Immigrant
           Entrepreneurship: The Experience of Chinese Migrants to Australia

    • Authors: Margaret Patrickson, Leonie Hallo
      First page: 145
      Abstract: This article reports on findings from interviews with a small group of Chinese female immigrants to Australia who have started up their own business since their arrival. Unlike most publications concerning immigration that focus upon financial factors, we have instead concentrated on their personal journeys, why they started their businesses and the benefits they sought. We interviewed thirteen participants in Adelaide who had recently arrived from China with the aim of immigrating permanently to Australia. Immigration records indicate that by 2020 this figure had risen to over 160,000 per annum. However, it dropped again quickly in 2020 following the beginning of COVID-19. Nonetheless, according to recent Australian government records, over 866,200 current Australian residents have Chinese ancestry and 74% are first-generation migrants. The primary motivators for respondents were independence and control as well as income and skill development. Respondents were also satisfied by the personal development they gained.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-03
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040145
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 146: Business Model Innovation:
           Strategic Expansion of German Small and Medium Wineries into Hospitality
           and Tourism

    • Authors: Marc Dressler, Ivan Paunovíc
      First page: 146
      Abstract: This article provides insights into the modalities of business-model change and innovation. On the basis of an analysis of empirical data of small and medium enterprises, a transition from wine production centrism to its expanded use in hospitality and tourism is explored. Previous research on wine tourism and hospitality predominantly focuses on a destination perspective, neglecting the organizational winery perspective. The article deploys a mixed methods approach, combining netnography and a content analysis for data collection with grounded research and clustering for theory building. The sample size included 885 German wineries. Data stemmed from two distinct sources (websites and a secondary publication in form of a wine guide) and has been analyzed through a two-step clustering algorithm as well as a Principal Component Analysis (PCA). The two-step clustering algorithm resulted in nine different business models while the PCA analysis grouped the variables into the following two categories: basic winery business model (BM) and BM extension into hospitality and tourism, thereby validating the difference between the two constructs. The results point to the diverse nature of business model extensions of wineries in tourism and hospitality, depending on their organizational type and size. This study offers a classification of small and medium sized enterprise’s strategic business model expansion, and explores the expansion of the wine industry through wine hospitality and tourism services, starting with the winery organizational perspective, which has not been done before.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-03
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040146
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 147: Corporate Social
           Responsibility Engagement through Social Media. Evidence from the
           University of Salerno

    • Authors: Benedetta Esposito, Maria Rosaria Sessa, Daniela Sica, Ornella Malandrino
      First page: 147
      Abstract: Over the last few decades, stakeholders’ growing attention towards social and environmental issues has challenged universities’ traditional accountability boundaries, imposing the adoption of innovative reporting tools that facilitate stakeholders’ engagement in Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices and performances. Against this backdrop, online communication tools, such as websites and social media platforms, have gained momentum as a pivotal means to increase dialogue with the myriad of stakeholders, especially during the pandemic period, as it has dramatically reduced physical interactions. Based on these premises, this study aims to dive deep into the use of social media to communicate CSR strategies in the university context by exploring the case of the University of Salerno. To this end, all posts published by the University of Salerno’s official Twitter account from 2015 to 2021 have been extracted and analyzed. Accordingly, the degree of interactions with stakeholders and the communication direction and balance level have been examined based on Carroll’s pyramid. Findings show a higher level of engagement for CSR posts and, in particular, for the philanthropic dimension. Results also highlight that, during the COVID-19 pandemic, the University of Salerno has empowered CSR disclosure through Twitter. The methodology adopted could be replicated for other universities to understand better how public universities use social media to involve a broader range of stakeholders in their CSR practices.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-04
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040147
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 148: Comprehensive Opportunity
           Assessment Using Commercial and Moral Intensities

    • Authors: Richard J. Arend
      First page: 148
      Abstract: We propose a partial theory explaining the processing of opportunities by individuals in organizations, specifically for opportunities with both commercial and moral significance (measured as intensities). The goal of such theorizing is to identify and analyze the range of interactions that the ethical and economic impacts of an opportunity can have so that managers can make better decisions on their exploitation and modification. We explain why and how there is variance in the processing of the ideas behind such opportunities as caused by their moral and commercial intensities. We explain the likely interactions between those two intensities, and when they occur and what can result. Doing so complements work in social entrepreneurship and corporate social responsibility by filling the gaps of the possible combinations of economic and ethical interactions. We provide these explanations by leveraging a precedent model that had adapted a standard knowledge-processing method to ethical decision-making issues. The explanations resonate because our model leverages the traditional textbook entrepreneurship opportunity evaluation criteria to provide a holistic view of an underlying idea’s commercial intensity, a view that aligns with the driving assumption that the focal decision-makers are boundedly rational.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-06
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040148
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 149: Simplification of
           Administrative Procedures through Fully Automated Decision-Making: The
           Case of Norway

    • Authors: Emily M. Weitzenboeck
      First page: 149
      Abstract: Norway has a high degree of digitalisation. In the public sector, there is a long tradition of automation of parts of case management. This includes automation of cases where a public sector body makes a so-called individual administrative decision, that is, a decision made in the exercise of public authority through which the rights or duties of one or more specified private persons are determined. In the last five years, various amendments to public sector legislation were proposed by a number of government departments and agencies in Norway to ensure that the relative administrative agency has a legal basis to carry out fully automated individual decisions. This is challenging both from an administrative law and from a data protection law standpoint. Among the main reasons for the move towards fully automated legal decision-making that are mentioned in the preparatory works to the proposed amendments are greater efficiency in decision-making, equal treatment of citizens and a claim that such decisions will be less prone to error than human decisions. This paper examines this trend in Norway and identifies the statutes and regulations that have been amended or are in the process of being amended. It analyses the measures specified in these amendments to safeguard the individual party’s rights, freedoms and legitimate interests. Finally, it discusses the tightrope that must be walked to safeguard important administrative law principles and rules such as protection from arbitrary decisions, the audi alternam partem rule and the right under the European Union’s General Data Protection Regulation not to be subject to fully automated decisions.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-07
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040149
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 150: Reprioritising Sustainable
           Development Goals in the Post-COVID-19 Global Context: Will a Mandatory
           Corporate Social Responsibility Regime Help'

    • Authors: Rajiv Nair, P.K Viswanathan, Bettina Lynda Bastian
      First page: 150
      Abstract: The impact of COVID-19 on the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) continues to be researched. Initial signals warn of significant setbacks in achieving SDG targets by 2030. The achievement of SDGs could abet improved protection from future pandemics. This article suggests reprioritizing SDGs to facilitate a more robust global response to future pandemics. Specifically, we recommend that SDGs 3, 6, 5 and 4 (in that order) are prioritized in order to optimize efforts at a more inclusive and resilient socio-economic recovery post-pandemic. This paper suggests that mandatory CSR regimes enable governments, in combination with corporate fiscal resources, to influence the selection and progress of these SDGs. The case of India’s mandatory CSR regime is employed to illustrate our position. This study extends the debate on SDGs by raising the possibility of universal concentration on a few critical SDGs.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-08
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040150
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 151: Social Media for Engaging and
           Educating: From Universities’ Sustainability Reporting to Dialogic
           Communication

    • Authors: Patrizia Di Tullio, Matteo La Torre, Michele Antonio Rea
      First page: 151
      Abstract: Traditionally, universities are committed to the missions of conducting research and teaching. Recently, they were also called to contribute to supporting sustainable development in society. Many universities worldwide have experienced sustainability and social reporting practices to demonstrate their commitment to sustainability. However, while sustainability reporting represents the primary means to communicate this commitment externally, research has barely unveiled how universities use other communication technologies, such as social media. This study investigates how universities use social media to engage their stakeholders in their sustainability initiatives and how this is associated with their sustainability reporting practices. We examine some best practices from Italian public universities, which, in addition to their experience in sustainability reporting, use social media (i.e., Facebook, Twitter, Instagram) to create a dialogue with their stakeholders about sustainability. We find that sustainability reporting is often the seed to instil innovative means for stakeholder engagement through social media. The universities with long-standing and continuous sustainability reporting experience use social media to enhance their communication, engage stakeholders and thereby improve their sustainability reporting practices. More worthily, we find that social media is also used as an educational tool to make people aware and foster a culture of sustainability in society.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-09
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040151
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 152: The Impact of Cultural
           Capital on Development of Entrepreneurship in Wales

    • Authors: Balaussa Azubayeva
      First page: 152
      Abstract: The focus of this paper is the impact of parental cultural capital on offspring’s occupational choice in relation to entrepreneurship. Despite growing interest to cultural motives for entrepreneurship on an individual level, few studies link these two domains empirically. This study follows the Culture Based Development research paradigm (CBD) developed by Tubadji and explores how culture influences occupational choices of school graduates during school-to-work transition. The main hypothesis of this paper is that sons of entrepreneurs are more likely to choose transitions into entrepreneurship after graduating school. I test three hypotheses on a unique historic dataset from Wales, UK, employing Probit analysis. I found a significant correlation between entrepreneurial background of father and son’s entrepreneurial entry. Poor socio-economic status of a father is also a predictor of entry into entrepreneurship of their son, motivated by necessity. The findings of this research contributed to the applicability of CBD to a historic dataset of earlier periods to capture a significant cultural impact on entrepreneurship development in Wales, UK.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-13
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040152
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 153: Collaboration among Small and
           Medium-Sized Enterprises as Part of Internationalization: A Systematic
           Review

    • Authors: Luciana Gondim de Almeida Guimarães, Pierre Blanchet, Yan Cimon
      First page: 153
      Abstract: This article performs a systematic review of the research literature on the forms of collaboration among small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) so that they reach the foreign market, since there is a lack of research focusing on the collaborative relationship between national companies as a strategic option for accessing the foreign market. In addition, we analyzed the articles to conceptually synthesized the elements that make up the business models of these collaborative forms of operating in the foreign market. Likewise, we analyzed real cases of collaborative processes among SMEs for the foreign market and highlight the contributions of governments in promoting actions to support these collaborations. We also show some directions for future research that were pointed out by the articles.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-14
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040153
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
  • Administrative Sciences, Vol. 11, Pages 154: Future Skills of Flight
           Attendants in Times of COVID-19-Related Job Uncertainty—The Case of
           Germany

    • Authors: Kirsten Friederike Bremer, Sven Ulrich Maertens
      First page: 154
      Abstract: “Future skills” increase employees’ prospects in the labor market, particularly in dynamic times, such as the current COVID-19 pandemic. (Not only) in Germany, flight attendants represent an occupational group without state-recognized vocational occupation who are particularly affected by the pandemic due to serious and long-lasting declines in air transport volumes. Therefore, it is reasonable to assume that the future skills of flight attendants play an important role when applying for jobs in other industries. An empirical survey (n = 273) from April 2021 indicates that German-speaking flight attendants possess some of the future skills most frequently identified in key studies on future competencies, as well as extensive language skills, but have deficits in “working with computer systems” and “programming”. Pro-active training of employees in future skills, especially in crisis-prone professions, could facilitate future transitions into new professional fields.
      Citation: Administrative Sciences
      PubDate: 2021-12-17
      DOI: 10.3390/admsci11040154
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2021)
       
 
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