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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 220 journals)
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Journal of Parasite Science
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2599-0993 - ISSN (Online) 2656-5331
Published by Universitas Airlangga Homepage  [54 journals]
  • Intestinal Helminth Infections Among Domesticated Cats in Malate, Manila,
           Philippines

    • Authors: Jan Michael Chan, Mary Jane Flores, Eligio Santiago Maghirang , Helenar Chan
      Pages: 43 - 48
      Abstract: Intestinal helminthiasis is a public health issue in developing nations particularly those which have insufficient access to clean water, sanitary infrastructures, and lacks public health education. Due to the zoonotic potential of some intestinal helminths, cats, and other mammalian species with direct contact to humans may act as reservoir hosts and provide a medium for the transmission of zoonotic infections. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of intestinal helminths among domesticated cats in Malate, Manila, Philippines. A total of 25 cat stools were collected, processed using Formol-Ether Concentration Technique (FECT) and were microscopically examined. The overall prevalence of intestinal helminths was 76% (19/25). The intestinal helminths identified include roundworms of phylum Nematoda: Toxocara cati (44%) and Ascaris spp. (20%),  whipworm: Trichuris spp. (24%), and hookworm (12%). All of the identified intestinal parasites have zoonotic potential and domestic cats are significant reservoirs of zoonotic intestinal parasites that can facilitate the transmission of infection to humans. Therefore, an innovative one-health approach strategy which includes constant monitoring and control of stray and feral cats, access to potable water, public health education, and more sanitary infrastructures, can help resolve intestinal helminthiasis crisis in the Philippines.
      PubDate: 2023-09-24
      DOI: 10.20473/jops.v7i2.47681
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Prevalence and Infestation of Ectoparasite in Dabung Ducks in Some
           Districts in Bangkalan Madura

    • Authors: Ramadhiniyanti Putri Alif Prawasa, Nunuk Dyah Retno Lastuti, Dadik Raharjo, Poedji Hastutiek, Endang Suprihati, Dian Ayu Permatasari
      Pages: 49 - 54
      Abstract: Identify the type of ectoparasite prevalence and infestation pattern of ectoparasite on Dabung duck in Bangkalan Madura regency. This research conducted from February to April 2022 with sample of 55 tails and identified in parasitology laboratory of the Veterinary Parasitology Division, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Airlangga University, Surabaya with the permanent mounting method without coloring. This research was a descriptive research, study survey, and cross sectional study analytical. The type of ectoparasite that attacked Dabung duck in Geger subdistrict, Dabung village and Galis subdistrict, Pekaan Dajah village were Menacanthus stramineus, Menopon gallinae, Lipeurus caponis with a prevalence of 100% from a sample 55 tails of Dabung duck. The analysis results of infestation pattern of ectoparasite infestation on Dabung ducks used correspondence text on the body regions of Dabung ducks in Geger subdistrict, Dabung village showed that M. stramineus ticks on chest region, M. gallinae in head neck region and L. caponis in wing region. Burneh subdistrict, Burneh village founded M. stramineus ticks in abdomen region, M. gallinae in head-neck region, and L. caponis in wing region. Galis subdistrict, Pakaan Dajah village showed that M stramineus lice in head-neck region, L. caponis in wing region and M. gallinae in spine region.
      PubDate: 2023-09-24
      DOI: 10.20473/jops.v7i2.40134
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Prevalence Rate and Infection Degree of Helminthiasis on Pigeon (Columbia
           Livia Domestica) in North Surabaya

    • Authors: Khurun'In Fadia Ihda Hanny, Djoko Legowo, Mufasirin, Kusnoto, Dian Ayu Permatasari, Poedji Hastutiek
      Pages: 55 - 60
      Abstract: Pigeon meat is an alternative option to other poultry meat such as chikens. As pigeons are easy to keep and quickly reproduce. Improper hygene practices is  a strong factor in helminthiasis transmission. This study aims to know the prevalence and degree of infection of helminthiasis in North Surabaya. 70 samples were taken from pigeon butchers in North Surabaya from September to November 2022. Dissection method was used for prevalence rate count and modified McMaster method was used to count degree of infection. The result shown that 70% of samples had positive worm infection. Types of worms found were R. cesticillus (55.7%), Ascaridia sp. (25.7%), Capillaria sp. (14.2%), Echinostoma sp. (2.8%) and Heterakis sp. (1.4%). Qualitative exam shown helminthiasis was more prevalent in adult pigeon than in squab, but analysis with Chi-square test shown no significant association between helminthiasis infection and age of the pigeons (P>0.05). Quantitative exam with McMaster method shown degree of infection of single Ascaridia infection in adult pigeons is 340 EPG while in Capillaria sp. is 287.5 EPG and 150 EPG in Heterakis. All of them are considered mild infection. Thus, proper loft and feed hygene method should be informed to prevent more transmission.
      PubDate: 2023-09-24
      DOI: 10.20473/jops.v7i2.48823
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Stray Cat Gastrointestinal Protozoa Prevalence and Infection Degree in
           Madiun Public Health Center and Traditional Market

    • Authors: Hayuning Nurrodhiya, Djoko Legowo, Endang Suprihati, Poedji Hastutiek, Mufasirin, Dadik Rahardjo
      Pages: 61 - 66
      Abstract: This study determine the prevalence and protozoa infection degree of gastrointestinal in stray cats at Public Health Center and Traditional Market of Madiun City. 80 fecal sample collected. Fecal samples examined with direct smear, sedimentation, and floatation method. Positive samples calculated using the Lucient-Brumpt method. The result of the examination in Public Health Center showed that 37,5% stray cat infected by Isospora sp., Entamoeba sp., and Cryptosporidium sp., with 1167.33a±168.373 infection degree. The examination result in Traditional Market showed that 62,5% stray cat infected by Isospora sp., Entamoeba sp., and Cryptosporidium sp., with 1186.00a±148.577 infection degree. The result of Chi Square analysis obtained p<0,05 indicated that there were significant differences between stray cat including faecal collection location, age, type of cat and faecal condition. The result of Kruskal Wallis analysis of the degree infection obtained p>0,05 indicated that there were no significant differences.
      PubDate: 2023-09-24
      DOI: 10.20473/jops.v7i2.46201
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Culling Layer Hen Gastrointestinal Helminth Identification at Wonokromo
           Market Surabaya

    • Authors: Fakhryyah Maharani Deviyanti, Poedji Hastutiek, Arimbi, Mufasirin, Dian Ayu Permata Sari, Agus Sunarso
      Pages: 67 - 72
      Abstract: This study aimed to find out and identification gastrointestinal species parasites in culling
      layer hen which sold at in the Wonokromo traditional market Surabaya City. The samples were
      100 culling layer hen purchased from five merchant. Research design with purposive sampling.
      The samples was examined by having surgery through the digestive tract and fecal examination.
      Meanwhile, fecal examination used native methods, sediment and floating. Types of worms
      identified were Ascaridia galli, Heterakis gallinarum, Raillietina tetragona and Mediorhynchus
      gallinarum through examination the digestive tract surgery. There were Ascaridia galli, Heterakis
      gallinarum, and Raillietina sp. found in examination of worm egg in fecal. The prevalence of
      parasite gastrointestinal in the culling layer hen in sold at in the Wonokromo traditional market
      Surabaya City was 85%. The difference in percentage rates were likely due to seasonal factors,
      maintenance management, feeding and ranching systems.
      PubDate: 2023-09-24
      DOI: 10.20473/jops.v7i2.47979
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • Detection and Prevalence of Soil Transmitted Helminths Contaminating
           Several Vegetables in Several Traditional Markets in Surabaya

    • Authors: Yuhenanda Dary Pratama, Indah Setyawati Tantular, Gwenny Ichsan Prabowo, Heru Prasetya
      Pages: 73 - 80
      Abstract:  A total of 100 fresh vegetable samples consisting of yardlong bean, cabbage, lettuce, and lemon basil were purchased from five traditional markets in Surabaya. Each sample was washed with tap water, water washing examined using flotation method to find soil-transmitted helminths. The overall prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths contamination was 41% (41/100). The most predominant parasite was hookworms (20%), followed by Strongyloides stercoralis larvae (14%) and Ascaris lumbricoides eggs (7%). The highest prevalence of contamination was found in lettuce, with a prevalence rate of 56% (14/25), while the lowest prevalence of contamination was found in yardlong bean, with a prevalence rate of 24% (6/25). Sequentially, the prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths contamination of fresh vegetable samples from Pabean traditional market (55%), Keputran traditional market (50%), Wonokromo traditional market (50%), Lakarsantri traditional market (35%) and Mulyosari traditional market (15%), respectively. The present study demonstrated that consumption of vegetables with parasite contamination in this area represents a potential route for the transmission of soil-transmitted helminths infection. 
      PubDate: 2023-09-24
      DOI: 10.20473/jops.v7i2.47482
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
  • A Generalized Demodicosis and Malasseziosis in a Pug Mix Dog

    • Authors: Ahlia Ummul Maslakah, Shelly Kusumarini
      Pages: 81 - 88
      Abstract: A 12-year-old female pug mix dog presented a skin problem with itching, and alopecia in the neck, facial, and extremity areas. Findings of scales, hyperpigmentation, and erythema are present almost throughout the body, along with crusts on the cranial and caudal extremities and a foul body odor. Wood's lamp examination revealed a yellowish-green fluorescence in the ear and ventral areas of the body. The skin tape examination revealed an infestation of Demodex sp. mites accompanied by Malassezia sp. hematological analysis indicated that the dog presented anemia. The dog was diagnosed with demodicosis with a secondary infection of Malassezia sp. The therapy provided consisted of antiparasitic drugs such as imidacloprid and moxidectin (Advocate®); the long-acting antibiotic enrofloxacin was administered at a dose of 200 mg intramuscularly, along with the oral antibiotic amoxicillin and clavulanic acid at a dose of 31.25mg/kg BW every 12 hours. Additionally, oral antifungal medication ketoconazole was given at 25mg/kg BW every 12 hours, along with ketoconazole cream. Oral antihistamine mebhydroline napsylate was administered at 25mg/kg BW every 12 hours. Furthermore, multivitamins and hair vitamins were given at a dose of 2 ml once every 24 hours. After seven days of treatment, an evaluation was conducted, and it was observed that the dog's condition had improved, indicated by a reduction in the intensity of scratching.
      PubDate: 2023-09-24
      DOI: 10.20473/jops.v7i2.47556
      Issue No: Vol. 7, No. 2 (2023)
       
 
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