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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 225 journals)
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EUREKA : Health Sciences
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2504-5660 - ISSN (Online) 2504-5679
Published by Scientific Route OÜ Homepage  [8 journals]
  • Evaluation of the sleep hygiene index and physical activity states of the
           elderly living in nursing homes

    • Authors: Tahir Belice, Selman Bölükbaşı, Aliye Mandıracıoğlu, Murat Konan
      Pages: 3 - 10
      Abstract: The aim: the sleep quality and physical performance play a vital role in older adults’ well-being to maintain good overall health. Therefore, the parameters that have a role in sleep and physical capacity are crucial to achieve a healthy aging outcome. In this study, we aimed at comparing the quality of sleep and physical activity state of the elderly living in 5 nursing homes. Methods: the 181 elderly individuals living in 5 nursing homes were included in this cross-sectional study. Physical activity, sleep hygiene index and demographics were analysed using SPPS 23.0. Results: overall, 68.5 % of the participants were male, and 31.5 % were female. There was no significant correlation between the sleep hygiene scores and physical activity states (p >0.05). Those who were divorced, those who were on at least one type of medication, those who smoked and those with poor perception of health had statistically significant difference in terms of the Sleep Hygiene Index (p<0.05). Conclusion: other than findings of the presented study that influence sleep and physical activity, the many other factors in different geographical areas or cultures could be a reason that is interrelated with sleep quality and physical performance of older adults. In this study, for primary care and family physicians to boost the sleep quality of the elderly, we recommend improving their health perception, quitting smoking, discontinuing unnecessary medications, and increasing their social interactions
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.21303/2504-5679.2022.002435
       
  • Association between lichen planus and dyslipidemia: an experience from
           North India

    • Authors: Parvaiz Anwar Rather, Mohd Rafiq Tilwani, Zahid Ali Khan
      Pages: 11 - 16
      Abstract: Association between lichen planus (LP) and dyslipidaemia and other cardiovascular risk factors has been reported in many studies in the past, with variable results between studies. The aim: this study was undertaken to study the association of lichen planus with dyslipidaemia. Methods: this was a prospective hospital-based case control study conducted over a period of three years, on 105 prospective newly diagnosed male patients of lichen planus and equal number of age and sex matched controls. Fasting serum lipid profile including total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and very low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (VLDL-C) were measured, and comparison done between cases and controls. Results: dyslipidaemia was found in 44 (41.9 %) lichen planus patients (cases) as compared to 28 (26.7 %) controls, the difference being statistically significance (p 0.020). Triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol and VLDL cholesterol were significantly higher in cases than controls, whereas difference in the values of abdominal circumference and body mass index (BMI), although more in cases than controls was not statistically significant. Similarly, HDL-cholesterol values were less in cases than controls, but without statistical significance. Conclusion: dyslipidaemia was more common in lichen planus (LP) patients, as compared to controls, suggesting that LP patients are at a higher risk of developing derangements of serum lipids and should be routinely and regularly monitored for dyslipidaemia and other cardiovascular risk factors, to detect cardiovascular diseases well in time. The result of present study strengthens the evidence of association between LP and dyslipidaemia.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.21303/2504-5679.2022.002400
       
  • Prevalence of oral lichen planus among north Indian population: a
           descriptive epidemiological study

    • Authors: Amit Kumar, Divya Kashyap
      Pages: 17 - 21
      Abstract: The aim: oral lichen planus is a chronic inflammatory disease affecting the oral mucous membrane. It can present in various clinical forms: reticular, papular, plaque-like, atrophic, erosive and bullous. Though the exact etiology is not certain - autoimmunity, trauma, stress, and habits are considered as etiological factors. Oral lichen planus has been classified as a premalignant lesion. The present study aims to describe the prevalence of oral lichen planus in a sample of north Indian population. Materials and methods: the present study was conducted in the outpatient department of Dentistry, GMC Badaun. The parameters recorded were age, gender and site affected. The data was collected and analysed. Results: a total of 6263 patients reported to the outpatient department of dentistry out of which 43 patients were diagnosed with oral lichen planus. The overall prevalence of oral lichen planus was found to be 0.69 %. The mean age of disease presentation was 37.5 years. A higher prevalence of oral lichen planus was reported in females compared to males with a ratio of 1:1.15. Most affected site was found to be buccal mucosa bilaterally (58.14 %). Conclusion: the present study estimated the overall prevalence of oral lichen planus as well as its distribution according to age, gender and site in north Indian population. This could contribute to the precise assessment of the disease for better policy making for better treatment and management of oral lichen planus.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
       
  • Ultrasonography (USG) as an adjuvant diagnostic aid in fascial space
           infections

    • Authors: Asif Muzaffer Reshi, Mohd Younis Bhat, Ajaz Ahmad Shah
      Pages: 22 - 26
      Abstract: The aim: to evaluate the efficiency of USG as an adjuvant diagnostic aid in fascial space infections and help draw a treatment plan as per the diagnosis made by USG examination Materials and methods: 60 patients having odontogenic superficial fascial space infection of the maxillofacial region were included. All of the patients included in our study were properly examined clinically with proper work up done, ordering different radiographs necessary to ascertain odontogenic cause most patients diagnosed with cellulitis were given medical line of treatment, and those with abscess were subjected to incision and drainage. Informed consent was obtained from all the participants involved in the study. Results: in this study, total of 60 patients were studied. Out of 60 patients of odontogenic facial space infections, 24 were male and 36 were female. Buccal space was the most common space involved (24;40 %) followed by submandibular space (9;15.0 %) than Canine space (6;10 %). In a total of 60 cases, clinical diagnosis of cellulitis was made in 18 cases (30 %) and that of abscess in 42 patients (70.0 %). All patients were subjected to the USG examination in which cellulitis was diagnosed in 24 cases (40 %) and abscess in 36 cases (60 %). Conclusion: USG could be considered to be a valuable adjuvant to clinical examination in patients with fascial space infection and help in delivering better treatment, after intervention 34 cases were found to be abscess while USG found 36 cases hence clearly proving the superiority of USG in diagnosis of abscess than clinical examination. It has its own advantages like minimal cost, repeated examinations, and readily available in especially in developing countries where people could not easily afford better imaging modalities
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
       
  • Life satisfaction in the caregivers of schizophrenia and factors
           associated with it: a cross sectional study from South India

    • Authors: Arunima Rajendran, Yashwant Gurushanthappa, Shilpa Akkineni
      Pages: 27 - 36
      Abstract: Schizophrenia is a mental disorder characterized by distortions of thinking and perception, in the process of care giving the caregivers are faced with many challenges. These challenges have a significant impact on the life satisfaction of caregivers. The study investigates various factors associate with life satisfaction in caregivers of schizophrenia The aim: 1. To evaluate the socio-demographic correlates associated with life satisfaction in the care givers of schizophrenia.
      To evaluate the association between life satisfaction with resilience, anxiety, stress, depression perceived social support, self-esteem, self-efficacy, and perceived stigma in the care takers of schizophrenia patients. Material and methods. In cross sectional study, 513 care takers of schizophrenia were evaluated using semi-structured socio demographic perfoma, DASS-21, Connor-Davidson Resilience 25 item scale, Self Esteem Scale (Rosenberg), The Satisfaction with Life Questionnaire and family stigma stress scale. Result. The study showed that background of the caregiver, socioeconomic status, family type, education and marital status are significantly positive correlated with life satisfaction. The study also showed significant positive correlation between resilience, perceived social support, self-esteem and self-efficacy with life satisfaction. There is also significant negative correlation between perceived stigma, anxiety stress and depression with life satisfaction. Conclusion. The study showed that life satisfaction in the care givers of schizophrenia depends on different biopsychosocial variables. There is strong positive correlation between self-esteem, other person support and resilience with life satisfaction, whereas there is moderate positive correlation between self-efficacy, family support and friend support with life satisfaction. There is significant negative correlation between stress, anxiety, depression, and stigma with life satisfaction. We recommended psycho educational interventional programmes in the community level which help to increase resilience self-esteem and self-efficacy. Such programmes also decrease the stigma which in turn increases the social support to the caregivers
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
       
  • Monitoring and personalization in treatment of breast cancer patients with
           metastatic bone lesions

    • Authors: Volodymyr Konovalenko, Oleg Drobotun, Nikolai Ternovyy, Sergii Konovalenko, Oksana Garashchenko
      Pages: 37 - 48
      Abstract: The aim. To increase the efficiency of treatment of BC patients with metastatic lesions of long tubular bones by using, Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and bone marrow markers for diagnostics and monitoring the clinical course of the oncologic process, accompanied by surgical intervention with endoprosthetics along with the treatment of polymorbid pathology in a specific patient. Materials and methods.
      Authors provide systemic personification including visualization of the tumor site and its vascularization; printing out the 3D model; surgical planning, including optimal surgical access to the tumor site considering the volume and topographic and anatomical location and dissemination of the tumor, the convenience of intraoperative tasks (removal of the tumor, bone grafting or endoprosthetics), preoperative planning of bone resection lines with maximum preservation of intact bone tissue. Results. Personalization of the treatment of breast cancer patients with metastatic bone lesions contributes to a significant reduction in postoperative complications of endoprosthetic replacement of large joints (up to 15.2 %) and increases the overall three-year survival rate (up to 40.6 %), as well as significantly improves their quality of life. Conclusions. The personalization of treatment of patients with tumor lesions of the skeletons contributes to a significant decrease in the indicator of postoperative complications of endoprosthetics of great joints and to an increase in the total three-year survival rate, as well as to the improvement of the quality of life after the conducted treatment.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
       
  • Assessment and predictors of blood glucose levels in hypertensives
           attending a secondary health centre: relationship with physical activity
           and diet quality

    • Authors: Ismaheel Aderogba Azeez, Adesoji Adedipe Fasanmade, Temitope Ilori
      Pages: 49 - 58
      Abstract: The aim: this study aims to assess the prevalence of hyperglycaemia, the association between diet quality, physical exercise and blood glucose levels among hypertensives attending a secondary health centre in Nigeria. There is a paucity of data concerning these issues and the study would contribute positively to future management of the patients. Methods: the study was a cross-sectional study of 354 hypertensives that was conducted at the State Hospital, Oyo, Nigeria. The systematic sampling technique was used to recruit patients, and the data were analysed using SPSS software version 23. Linear regression was done to determine the predictors of hyperglycaemia, and logistic regression was done to determine the predictors of diet quality. Results: the mean age of the respondents was 52.60(SD±8.26) years. The prevalence of undiagnosed diabetes in this cohort was 19.60 %. The association of glycated haemoglobin (HbAic) with High Density Lipoprotein (HDL) was negative, weak in strength and statistically significant (p-value=0.034). For every 1 unit decrease in High Density Lipoprotein (HDL), there was a statistically significant increase in HbAic by about 0.383 units (95 % C.I equals -0.737 to -0.029, p-value=0.034). For every 1 unit increase in total Cholesterol, there was a significant increase in HbAic by about 0.158 units (95 % CI equals 0.007 to 0.308, p-value=0.04). Age group <45 years were about 2 times less likely to have good diet quality than those of 55 years and above (OR=0.502; 95 % CI=0.270 – 0.932, p-value=0.029). Conclusions: the study has assisted to characterise this population of hypertensives in terms of serum glucose levels. The prevalence of hyperglycaemia was high among these hypertensives. The predictors of hyperglycaemia were HDL and Cholesterol. Also, the predictor of good diet quality was the age of the respondents
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
       
 
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