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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 225 journals)
Showing 1 - 63 of 63 Journals sorted by number of followers
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 178)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Veterinary Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Veterinary Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Australian Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Small Animal Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Equine Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Veterinary Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
BMC Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
New Zealand Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Veterinary and Comparative Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Anthrozoos : A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People & Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Research in Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Equine Veterinary Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Trends in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Preventive Veterinary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Veterinary Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Veterinary Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Veterinary Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Veterinary Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Veterinary Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Veterinary Parasitology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Veterinary Nursing Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Veterinary Medicine International     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Avian Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Zoonoses and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Topics in Companion Animal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Irish Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Animal Health Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Human & Veterinary Medicine - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Ethiopian Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Veterinary Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ILAR Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Research in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Australian Equine Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
New Zealand Veterinary Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Veterinary Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Veterinary Medicine and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Reproduction in Domestic Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Small Ruminant Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
VCOT Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Kenya Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Theriogenology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Acta Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abanico Veterinario     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Tanzania Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary Science Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary Medicine: Research and Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Livestock     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Animal Health and Production     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary Research Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chilean Journal of Agricultural & Animal Sciences     Open Access  
CES Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia     Open Access  
Veterinaria México OA     Open Access  
Compendio de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Veterinary Surgery     Open Access  
Ciencia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Nepalese Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Sri Lanka Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Salud y Tecnología Veterinaria     Open Access  
Veterinary Parasitology : X     Open Access  
Jurnal Medik Veteriner     Open Access  
Tierärztliche Praxis Ausgabe K: Kleintiere / Heimtiere     Hybrid Journal  
Tierärztliche Praxis Ausgabe G: Großtiere / Nutztiere     Hybrid Journal  
Van Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Rassegna di Diritto, Legislazione e Medicina Legale Veterinaria     Open Access  
Veterinaria (Montevideo)     Open Access  
SVU-International Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Matrix Science Medica     Open Access  
Veterinary Journal of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University / Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Analecta Veterinaria     Open Access  
Veterinarski Glasnik     Open Access  
Medicina Veterinária (UFRPE)     Open Access  
Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Revista de Ciência Veterinária e Saúde Pública     Open Access  
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Veterinary Parasitology : Regional Studies and Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
Revue Vétérinaire Clinique     Full-text available via subscription  
Folia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
FAVE Sección Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Indonesia Medicus Veterinus     Open Access  
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Revista de Educação Continuada em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Revista Veterinaria     Open Access  
Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society     Open Access  
Bangladesh Veterinarian     Open Access  
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription  
Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi / Atatürk University Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
Nigerian Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Veterinária     Open Access  
Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde     Hybrid Journal  
Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access  
Macedonian Veterinary Review     Open Access  
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Perú     Open Access  
Revista Complutense de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Medical Mycology Case Reports     Open Access  
Veterinaria México     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista MVZ Córdoba     Open Access  
Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
InVet     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Ganzheitliche Tiermedizin     Hybrid Journal  
team.konkret     Open Access  
pferde spiegel     Hybrid Journal  
kleintier konkret     Hybrid Journal  
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Number of Followers: 2  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0932-0814 - ISSN (Online) 2567-6911
Published by Thieme Publishing Group Homepage  [233 journals]
  • That's a Great Question—Defining the Purpose of Your Research

    • Free pre-print version: Loading...

      Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2022; 35: v-v
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1753503



      Georg Thieme Verlag KG Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany

      Artikel in Thieme eJournals:
      Inhaltsverzeichnis     Volltext

      Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2022; 35: v-v2022-08-30T09:41:58+01:00
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 04 (2022)
       
  • Limb Posture of Dogs with Medial Patellar Luxation

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      Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2022; 35: v-v
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1749082



      Georg Thieme Verlag KG Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, Germany

      Artikel in Thieme eJournals:
      Inhaltsverzeichnis     Volltext

      Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol 2022; 35: v-v2022-06-27T06:46:22+01:00
      Issue No: Vol. 35, No. 03 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of Surgical Gown Cuff Contamination During Orthopaedic Surgery
           in a Veterinary Teaching Hospital

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      Authors: Brand; Kenneth J., Malek, Sarah, Ruple, Audrey, Hendrix, G. Kenitra
      Abstract: Objective The objective of this study was to determine the frequency of positive cultures of the surgical gown cuffs among scrubbed personnel prior to and immediately after orthopaedic surgical procedures performed on client-owned dogs. Study Design In this cross-sectional study, the left and right surgical gown cuffs of three scrubbed persons in 10 orthopaedic surgical procedures were individually sampled using a sterile wipe prior to and immediately after surgery in order to determine the frequency of and risk factors associated with positive bacterial cultures. Results Fifty of 120 (41.6%) cultures were positive with an even distribution before and after surgery. The three most common genera were Staphylococcus, Corynebacterium and Streptococcus. Using multivariable logistic regression models, humidity in the operating room (odds ratio: 1.04, 95% confidence interval: 1.00–1.08; p = 0.038) and the number of individuals scrubbed into surgery (odds ratio: 0.59, 95% confidence interval: 0.39–0.91; p = 0.016) had a significant effect on the likelihood of positive culture after surgery. Of the nine patients available for follow-up, one dog developed osteomyelitis. Conclusions Maintaining the humidity in the operating room to the lowest comfortable level may reduce contamination of the surgical gown cuffs. Confirmation of bacterial contamination of surgical gown cuffs warrants adherence to operative guidelines to minimize the risk of surgical gown cuffs' contact with sterile attire, equipment and the surgical field during surgical procedures.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-09-23T20:21:02+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1756621
       
  • Accuracy of the Surface Contour of Three-Dimensional-Printed Canine Pelvic
           Replicas

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      Authors: Ming; Lu, Lam, Griselda, Jeong, Junemoe, Sun Young, Kim
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to determine the differences in surface contour between models of native pelvic bones and their corresponding three-dimensional (3D)-printed replicas. Study Design Digital 3D models of five cadaveric hemipelves and five live dogs with contralateral pelvic fractures were generated based on computed tomographic images and 3D printed. The 3D-printed replicas underwent 3D scanning and digital 3D models of the replicas were created. The digital 3D model of each replica was superimposed onto the model of the native hemipelvis. Errors in the replicas were determined by comparing the distances of 120,000 corresponding surface points between models. The medial surface, lateral surface and dorsal surface of the acetabulum (DSA) of each hemipelvis were selected for further analysis. The root mean square error (RMSE) was compared between various selected areas using a one-way repeated measures analysis of variance, followed by a Bonferroni post-hoc test. Results The RMSE of the hemipelvis was 0.25 ± 0.05 mm. The RMSE significantly decreased from the medial surface (0.28 ± 0.06mm), to the lateral surface (0.23 ± 0.06mm), to the DSA (0.04 ± 0.02mm) (p 
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-09-23T20:19:59+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1756517
       
  • Management of Feline Femoral, Tibial and Humeral Fractures Using a
           3.5 mm Titanium Interlocking Nail

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      Authors: Mund; Georg Michael, Bitterli, Thomas, Häußler, Thomas Christian, Gerwing, Martin, Feichtenschlager, Christian
      Abstract: Objective: Our objectives were to report complications associated with stabilization of long-bone fractures in cats using a 3.5-mm titanium interlocking nail and to examine the influences of signalment, fracture type and fixation evaluations on the occurrence of complications. Study Design: Retrospective clinical study. Material and Methods: Medical and radiographic records of cats with long-bone fractures treated with an interlocking nail were reviewed. Data included age, sex, weight, cause of the fracture, fractured bone(s) and fracture type. Complications were classified as minor and major complications. Fisher's exact tests and logistic regression analysis were used to test whether certain variables of signalment and interlocking nail configuration had an effect on the occurrence of complications. Results: Sixty-seven fractures of 67 cats were examined in this study. Forty-eight femora, sixteen tibiae and three humeri were included. Complications occurred in 11/67 fractures. Major complications occurred in 8/67 fractures and included screw breakage (n = 3), nail breakage (n = 2), nail bending (n = 1), screw loosening (n = 1), non-union (n = 1). Statistical analysis showed a significant difference between fracture types and the occurrence of major complications (p = 0.02). Conclusion: In conclusion, use of this commercially available standard 3.5-mm titanium interlocking nail for stabilization of comminuted and oblique humeral, femoral and tibial fractures in cats is feasible.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-09-23T20:18:32+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1756515
       
  • Comparison of Hindlimb Conformation in Cats with and without Medial
           Patellar Luxation

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      Authors: Beer; Andrew James Carey, Langley-Hobbs, Sorrel, Belch, Alex
      Abstract: Objectives Medial patellar luxation (MPL) is the most common developmental cause of hindlimb lameness in cats. The association between femoral and tibial conformation and MPL measured on computed tomography (CT) has not been reported in cats. The aims were to report femoral and tibial conformation in cats with and without MPL and to report normal femoral and tibial angles. Methods Angle of inclination of femoral neck (AI), anatomical lateral distal femoral angle (aLDFA), femoral trochanteric angle (FCT), angle of anteversion of femoral neck (AA), distal and proximal anteversion angle (DAA/PAA), overall tibial valgus (TV), tibial torsion (TT), tibial tuberosity displacement (TTD) and trochlear depth:patellar thickness ratio (T:P) were measured by three observers on CT of cats with and without MPL. Comparisons were made between groups. Inter-observer intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was calculated. Results Sixteen cats were recruited: eight control and eight with MPL. The aLDFA, PAA, TT, TTD and T:P were significantly less in cats with high-grade MPL. The AI, FCT, AA, DAA and TV were not significantly different. A high correlation was shown with inter-observer ICC in 33.33% and good correlation in 26.67% when comparing measurements between observers. Clinical Significance This study suggests that cats with high-grade MPL have decreased TT, TTD and T:P and may require tibial tuberosity transposition and femoral trochleoplasty. The PAA, TT and aLDFA were decreased, although clinical significance may vary and these cats may not require correctional osteotomies. Results should be interpreted with caution as high/good levels of inter-observer ICC occurred in less than two-thirds of cases between observers.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-09-21T13:45:26+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1756519
       
  • Use of Locking Compression Plate and Locking Compression T-Plate for
           Surgical Arthrodesis of the Carpometacarpal and Distal Tarsal Joints in 13
           Horses

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      Authors: Lambert; Jenna L., García-López, José M., Gasiorowski, Janik C.
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to describe the use of the locking compression plate (LCP) and locking compression T-plate (LCTP) in cases of carpometacarpal and distal tarsal arthrodesis for the treatment of osteoarthritis and small carpal or tarsal bone fractures, and to document clinical outcomes. Study Design Case records of horses treated with carpometacarpal or distal tarsal arthrodesis via internal fixation using an LCP or LCTP between 2013 and 2021 were reviewed. All cases were evaluated retrospectively. Follow-up information was gained via phone conversation with owners and referring veterinarians. Results Data were collected for 13 horses that fulfilled the study criteria. A total of eight horses underwent distal tarsal arthrodesis, and five underwent carpometacarpal arthrodesis. Twelve of thirteen horses went back to some level of athletic performance. Eight of 13 returned to the same level, while 4 of 13 returned to a lower level. Minor postoperative complications were recorded in 3 of 13 cases, with all horses suffering manageable short-term complications returning to the same level of work. Two horses suffered a major complication, with one resulting in euthanasia. Conclusion Carpometacarpal and distal tarsal arthrodesis performed using the LCP and LCTP allowed all surviving horses in the study to obtain immediate postoperative comfort and eventual return to use.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-09-19T15:35:04+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1756518
       
  • Short-Term Clinical and Radiographic Outcome after Stabilization of
           Femoral Capital Physeal Fractures with Cortical Positional Screws in 39
           Cats

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      Authors: Vink; Joris Johannes Wilhelmus Gerardus, Hubers, Mike Willem Laurens, den Hertog, Erik, Schaeffer, Ingrid Geraldine Fernanda, van Zuilen, Dick, Maarschalkerweerd, Roelof Jozef, van Klaveren, Nicolien Jacoba
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to report the short-term clinical and radiographic outcome for the treatment of femoral capital physeal fractures with cortical positional screws in cats. Study Design Medical records and radiographs of cats with femoral capital physeal fractures stabilized with cortical positional screws were retrospectively reviewed. Signalment, bodyweight, femoral head affected, fracture classification, fracture reduction, implants, concurrent orthopaedic injuries, osteoarthritis, femoral neck osteolysis, complications and 6-week follow-up clinical results were recorded. A short- to long-term follow-up was performed by telephone questionnaire with the owners. Results Forty-six fractures in 39 cats met the inclusion criteria. In 45/46 fractures, radiographic signs of bone healing were present and 35/39 cats were assessed as walking normally by a veterinarian at 6-week follow-up. There was a significant increase in radiographic signs of osteoarthritis (p=0.037) and femoral neck osteolysis (p=0.001) on 6-week follow-up radiographs. Pre- and postoperative osteoarthritis and femoral neck osteolysis were not associated with clinical outcome. The mean follow-up period for the telephone questionnaire was 48 months (range, 5–147 months). Seven out of 25 owners reported a gait abnormality in the short- to long-term. Conclusion Femoral capital physeal fractures in cats can be treated successfully with the use of cortical positional screws. This technique may be considered as an alternative to other primary fixation techniques and salvage procedures for the treatment of femoral capital physeal injuries in cats. This technique seemed successful in cats with a low-grade preoperative femoral neck osteolysis.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-09-08T15:17:31+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750430
       
  • Arthroscopic-Assisted Toggle Rod Stabilization in Canine Coxofemoral
           Luxation: A Cadaveric Study

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      Authors: Rivenburg; Rachel E., Murphy, Sean M., Jones, Ciaran T., Martin, Kyle W.
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to describe an arthroscopic-assisted technique for coxofemoral toggle rod placement, and to report on the feasibility, drill tunnel trajectory and accuracy of tunnel aperture location using this method. Study Design Cadaveric pilot study. Sample Population Eight coxofemoral joints. Methods Craniodorsal coxofemoral joint luxations were artificially created. A simulated open hip reduction and stabilization with a toggle rod were performed through a limited arthrotomy under arthroscopic guidance. Computed tomography scans were performed to evaluate drill hole trajectory across the femoral neck, and joints were disarticulated and photographed. Digital imaging software was used to determine the percent overlap of the drill hole apertures relative to the origin and insertion of the round ligament on the acetabulum and fovea. Results The exit point of the tunnel was entirely within the fovea capitis in five of eight femurs, three of eight femoral drill apertures were only partially within the target area. Of the eight acetabular bone tunnels examined, all were centred occupying the acetabular fossa. Conclusions Coxofemoral toggle rod placement can be performed under arthroscopic guidance through a limited arthrotomy. Comparable femoral tunnel accuracy with the standard open technique should be achieved with the current method prior to its clinical use.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-07-19T07:56:39+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1748880
       
  • The Role of Tibial Plateau Angle in Canine Cruciate Ligament Rupture—A
           Review of the Literature

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      Authors: Todorović; Anastasija Z., Macanović, Mirjana V. Lazarević, Mitrović, Marko B., Krstić, Nikola E., Bree, Henri J. J. van, Gielen, Ingrid M. L. V.
      Abstract: Cranial cruciate ligament disease is a common pathological condition in dogs that is often presented in daily clinical practice. Different risk factors for the development of this condition include breed, sex, age, bodyweight and neuter status, as well as different biological and biomechanical mechanisms. In the literature, special attention has been paid to the role of the tibial plateau angle in damage to the cranial cruciate ligament. Although the disease was first described at the beginning of last century, and since then different surgical methods have been developed to treat it, its aetiology remains unclear. In this review, contemporary literature data related to the role of tibial plateau angle in canine cranial cruciate ligament rupture are presented.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-07-18T06:08:50+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750316
       
  • What Is the Cost of Off-Axis Insertion of Locking Screws' A
           Biomechanical Comparison of a 3.5 mm Fixed-Angle and 3.5 mm
           Variable-Angle Stainless Steel Locking Plate Systems

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      Authors: Kaczmarek; Jakub, Bartkowiak, Tomasz, Paczos, Piotr, Zawadzki, Paweł, Łączna, Daria, Gapiński, Bartosz
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of screw insertion angle and insertion torque on the mechanical properties of a 3.5 fixed-angle locking plate locking compression plate (LCP) and 3.5 variable-angle locking plate polyaxial locking system (PLS). Methods In the LCP group, screws were placed abaxially at 0, 5 and 10 degrees. In the PLS group, screws were placed at 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 degrees abaxially. The insertion torque was set to 1.5 and 2.5 Nm in the LCP and PLS groups respectively. A load was applied parallel to the screw axis, and the screw push-out force was measured until the locking mechanism was loosened. Results The 3.5 LCP showed higher push-out strength than the 3.5 PLS when the screws were placed at 0 degree regardless of the insertion torque. The off-axis insertion of 3.5 LCP locking screws resulted in a significant decrease in push-out strength (p 
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-07-15T06:52:36+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750431
       
  • Accuracy of Lumbosacral Pedicle Screw Placement in Dogs: A Novel 3D
           Printed Patient-Specific Drill Guide versus Freehand Technique in Novice
           and Expert Surgeons

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      Authors: Bongers; Jos J, Wilkinson, Nathan, Kurihara, Manabu, Bridges, Janis P, Baltzer, Wendy, Worth, Andrew J
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to compare the accuracy of pedicle screw placement at the canine lumbosacral junction using a novel unilateral three-dimensional printed patient-specific guide (3D-PSG) versus a freehand drilling technique. Additionally, accuracy of screw placement between a novice and an experienced surgeon was determined. Study Design Preoperative computed tomography images from 20 lumbosacral cadaveric specimens were used to design a novel unilateral 3D-PSG for the L7 and sacral vertebrae which was printed in acryl-nitrile butadiene styrene plastic. A novice and an expert surgeon each placed 3.5mm cortical screws in 10 cadavers; on the left using the unilateral 3D-PSG and by the freehand (anatomic landmark) technique on the right. Results Sixty screws were placed using the unilateral 3D-PSG and 60 using the freehand technique. There was no statistical difference in accuracy for the comparison between methods performed by the expert (p = 0.679) and novice (p = 0.761) surgeon, nor between an expert and novice surgeon overall (p = 0.923). Unexpectedly, the use of a unilateral 3D-PSG increased variability for the expert surgeon in our study (p = 0.0314). Conclusion Using a novel unilateral 3D-PSG did not improve the accuracy of screw placement for lumbosacral stabilization by a novice surgeon compared with an expert surgeon in lumbar spine surgery. This may reflect a suboptimal PSG design.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-07-10T14:26:51+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750433
       
  • Abstract Presentation at Two Veterinary Surgery Conferences and the Impact
           on Publication Rate

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      Authors: Kettleman; William S., Torres, Bryan T.
      Abstract: Objectives The aim of this study was to compare the publication rate (PR) and report descriptive findings from abstracts presented at the American College of Veterinary Surgeons (ACVS), the Veterinary Orthopaedic Society (VOS), and those presented at both conferences. Study Design All conference abstracts from 2001 to 2010 ACVS and VOS meetings were reviewed. PR in peer-reviewed journals was evaluated and compared between Group 1 (abstracts presented at ACVS only; n = 1,277), Group 2 (abstracts presented at VOS only; n = 645), and Group 3 (abstracts presented at both conferences; n = 121) abstracts. s were assigned a level of evidence (LoE) score. Results Approximately 6% of all abstracts evaluated were presented at two scientific meetings (Group 3). The PR of Group 1 (66%) and Group 3 (62%) abstracts was significantly higher than that of Group 2 (45%). The majority of abstracts were assigned a low LoE (3 or 4). Once presented, most Group 3 abstracts took
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-07-10T14:26:51+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750717
       
  • MRI Tracking of Iron Oxide Labelled Canine Mesenchymal Stem Cells in
           Artificial Stifle Defects

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      Authors: von Pueckler; Kerstin, John, Karen, Kramer, Martin, Bokemeyer, Jan, Arnhold, Stefan
      Abstract: Objectives The aim of this study was to describe ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxides labelling of canine adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AdMSCs) and the detection and semiquantitative evaluation of the labelled cells after implantation in artificial canine stifle defects using magnetic resonance imaging. Methods Magnetic resonance imaging examinations of 10 paired (n = 20) cadaveric stifle joints were evaluated after creation of chondral defects and embedding of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxides labelled canine mesenchymal stem cells. To prove the feasibility of the labelling for in vivo usage, Prussian blue staining, cell vitality tests and intralesional administration of labelled cells were conducted. Magnetic resonance imaging of ex vivo defects filled with different cell concentrations was obtained to depict the cell content semiquantitatively via signal intensity measurements (region of interest). Results Prussian blue staining showed that the labelling was effective. According to the vitality tests, it had no significant short-term influence on cell viability and proliferation rate. For the evaluation of the defect T2* sequences were feasible and stifle defects were visible allowing measurements of the signal intensity in all cases. Increasing the cell concentration within the chondral defects resulted in an inversely proportional, significant reduction of signal intensity according to the region of interest. Clinical Significance Ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxides labelling was effective. The detection of the AdMSCs in a complex anatomical structure like the surface of the femoral condyle was possible and the T2* signal intensity of the implant region was significantly correlated with the concentration of the AdMSCs.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-07-05T05:29:07+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750432
       
  • Performing a Three-Dimensional Finite Element Analysis (FEA) to Simulate
           and Quantify the Contact Pressure in the Canine Elbow Joint: A Pilot Study
           

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      Authors: Rhode; Michaela, Harms, Oliver, Finck, Yannick, Dautzenberg, Philipp, Schweizer, Julia, Lüpke, Matthias, Freise, Fritjof, Fehr, Michael
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to measure surface pressures and force distribution on radius and ulna in healthy and dysplastic elbow joints in different positions using the finite element analysis (FEA). Study Design FEA was performed on computed tomographic data of healthy and fragmented coronoid process diseased elbow joints of Labrador Retrievers. It considered the articular cartilage, collateral ligaments, triceps and biceps muscle. The analysis of each joint was performed in four positions (standing position: 145 degrees and three positions of the stance phase of gait: beginning: 115 degrees, middle: 110 degrees, end: 145 degrees joint angle) in consideration of different ground reaction forces (standing: 88.3 N; stance phase of gait: 182.5 N). Results Mean values of total force of 317.5 N (standing), 590.7 N (beginning), 330.9 N (middle) and 730.9 N (end) were measured. The percentual force distribution resulted in a total of 49.56 ± 26.58% on the ulna with a very inhomogeneous distribution. A significant difference was detected between the positions ‘standing’ and ‘end’ (p = 0.0497) regardless of the joint condition. In some FEA results, visual assessment of the surface pressures indicated an increase in pressure in the region of the medial compartment without a uniform pattern. An increase in pressure resulted in an area increase in the pressure marks on the joint surface and measurable pressure was increased at a larger joint angle. Clinical Significance FEA can provide information about the transmission of force in the joint. Prior to the use of FEA in scientific clinical research for the simulation of force, further model improvements are necessary.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-07-04T05:24:04+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1748876
       
  • Comparison of Cervical Stabilization with Transpedicular Pins and
           Polymethylmethacrylate versus Transvertebral Body Polyaxial Screws with or
           without an Interbody Distractor in Dogs

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      Authors: Marinho; Paulo V. T., Ferrigno, Cassio R. A., Costa, Ronaldo C. da, Pereira, César A. M., Rego, Mário A. F., Bregadioli, Thales, Paes, Fernanda
      Abstract: Objective The main aim of this study was to compare the biomechanical properties of caudal cervical vertebral stabilization using bicortical transpedicular pins with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) versus transvertebral body polyaxial screws and connecting rods with or without an interbody distractor. Study Design Ten canine cervical vertebral columns (C2–T3) were used. Four models (intact, transvertebral body polyaxial screw with interbody distractor [polyaxial + distractor], transvertebral body polyaxial screw without interbody distractor [polyaxial − distractor] and bicortical transpedicular pins/polymethylmethacrylate [pin-PMMA]) were applied to C6–7 sequentially on the same specimens. Angular range of motion (AROM) in the form of flexion and extension was measured at C4–5, C5–6 and C6–7 in all groups. Results Treated vertebral specimens had significantly less AROM than unaltered specimens. There was no significant difference in AROM between the experimental groups at C6 and C7. Angular range of motion ratio in flexion–extension was 80.8, 72.7 and 78.3% for polyaxial + distractor, polyaxial − distractor and pin-PMMA groups, respectively, which were less than the intact group. There was no significant increase in the range of motion of the adjacent vertebrae after stabilization. Conclusion Stabilization obtained with transvertebral body polyaxial screws was comparable to that from the well-established bicortical pins/PMMA construct. Association of an intervertebral distractor did not change AROM of the polyaxial screw constructs.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-06-30T13:07:55+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1744490
       
  • Rotation of the Tibial Plateau Segment to Control Arterial Haemorrhage
           during Tibial Plateau Levelling Osteotomy: A Cadaveric Experimental Study
           and Nine Clinical Cases

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      Authors: Roses; Leonor, Lopez de la Oliva, Paula, Arnott, Davinia
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to describe a simple and effective method to control severe haemorrhage from intraoperative trauma to the cranial tibial artery (CTA) during tibial plateau levelling osteotomy (TPLO) and to report long-term outcomes. Study Design Cadaveric descriptive study and retrospective case series. A TPLO was performed in eight cadaveric limbs, followed by intentional laceration of the CTA under fluoroscopic guidance. Dissection of the limb was performed and the relationship between the CTA and the surrounding structures was evaluated. A computed tomography angiogram was performed following TPLO in one cadaveric limb. Medical records from cases that had intraoperative arterial bleeding between 2015 and 2019 were reviewed. Cases were included if bleeding was controlled by following the usual steps for TPLO. Radiographic follow-up 6 to 10 weeks postoperatively and long-term follow-up owner's questionnaire were available. Results During TPLO, the CTA is tightly compressed between the caudal aspect of the proximal tibia and the popliteal musculature. Rotation and compression of the proximal tibia followed by closure of the pes anserinus successfully controlled arterial bleeding during TPLO in nine clinical cases without the need for direct ligation. Conclusion Continuing the usual steps of a TPLO can successfully control intraoperative bleeding from the CTA with no long-term complications. This technique should be considered in cases of arterial bleeding during TPLO before direct ligation.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-06-28T14:01:30+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1749452
       
  • Long-Term Assessment of Bone Regeneration in Nonunion Fractures Treated
           with Compression-Resistant Matrix and Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic
           Protein-2 in Dogs

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      Authors: Castilla; Andrea, Filliquist, Barbro, Spriet, Mathieu, Garcia, Tanya C., Arzi, Boaz, Chou, Po-Yen, Kapatkin, Amy S.
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to assess bone density, bone architecture and clinical function of canine nonunion distal appendicular long bone fractures with a defect treated with fixation, compression-resistant matrix and recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2). Study Design Prospective cohort study with dogs at least 1-year post treatment. Computed tomography was performed and quantitative measurements from previous fracture sites were compared with measurements from contralateral limbs. Subjective evaluation included gait assessment and palpation. Results Six patients met the inclusion criteria. The rhBMP-2 treated bone exhibited higher density at the periphery and lower density in the centre, similar to the contralateral limb. All patients were weight bearing on the treated limb and all fractures were healed. Conclusion The rhBMP-2-treated bone underwent restoration of normal architecture and density. Acceptable limb function was present in all patients. The results of this study can serve as a basis for long-term response in treating nonunion fractures in veterinary patients.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-06-27T06:44:05+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1749451
       
  • Accuracy and Safety of Neuronavigation for Minimally Invasive
           Stabilization in the Thoracolumbar Spine Using Polyaxial Screws-Rod: A
           Canine Cadaveric Proof of Concept

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      Authors: Guevar; Julien, Samer, Eva S, Precht, Christina, Rathmann, Justus MK, Forterre, Franck
      Abstract: Objectives The main aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of minimally invasive stabilization with polyaxial screws-rod using neuronavigation and to assess accuracy and safety of percutaneous drilling of screw corridors using neuronavigation in thoracolumbar spine and compare it between an experienced and a novice surgeon. Study Design Feasibility of minimally invasive polyaxial screws-rod fixation using neuronavigation was first performed in the thoracolumbar spine of two dogs. Accuracy and safety of drilling screw corridors percutaneously by two surgeons from T8 to L7 in a large breed dog using neuronavigation were established by comparing entry and exit points coordinates deviations on multiplanar reconstructions between preoperative and postoperative datasets and using a vertebral cortical breach grading scheme. Results Feasibility of minimally invasive stabilization was demonstrated. For the experienced surgeon, safety was 100% and mean (standard deviation) entry point deviations were 0.3 mm (0.8 mm) lateral, 1.3 mm (0.8 mm) ventral and 0.7 mm (1.8 mm) caudal. The exit points deviations were 0.8 mm (1.9 mm) lateral, 0.02 mm (0.9 mm) dorsal and 0.7 mm (2.0 mm) caudal. Significant difference in accuracy between surgeons was found in the thoracic region but not in the lumbar region. Accuracy and safety improvement are noted for the thoracic region when procedures were repeated by the novice. Conclusion This proof of concept demonstrates that using neuronavigation, minimally invasive stabilization with polyaxial screws-rod is feasible and safe in a large breed dog model.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-06-27T06:44:05+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750056
       
  • Biomechanical Comparison of a 3-Loop Pulley and a 4-Loop Pulley Suture for
           Tenorrhaphy in the Canine Gastrocnemius Tendon

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      Authors: O'Byrne; Kadie L, Sugiyama, Takanori, Robinson, Dale, Woodward, Andrew P., Ryan, Stewart D.
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to compare a 3-loop pulley (3LP) suture pattern with a 4-loop pulley (4LP) suture pattern for the tenorrhaphy of the canine gastrocnemius tendon Study Design Randomized, cadaveric, biomechanical study of 30 canine gastrocnemius tendons. Tendons were transected and repaired with either 3LP or 4LP suture pattern with 2–0 polypropylene. A tensile load was applied at 25 mm/min until construct failure. The load required to form a 1 mm gap, 3 mm gap and maximum load at failure was recorded and compared between groups. Results The estimated mean load to form a 1 mm gap for the 3LP and 4LP was 28.4 N (95% confidence interval [CI]: 24.0–32.6N) and 45.5 N (95% CI: 40.7–50.1N) respectively. The 4LP mean load to form a 1 mm gap was 17.1 N (95% CI: 11.7–22.5N) greater than the 3LP. The estimated mean load to form a 3mm gap for the 3LP and 4LP was 39.7 N (95% CI: 34.1–45.4N) and 55.0 N (95% CI: 49.3–60.9N) respectively. The mean load to form a 3mm gap was 15.3 N (95% CI: 8.5–21.9N) greater in the 4LP than the 3LP. The estimated mean load for failure in the 3LP and 4LP was 41.2 N (95% CI: 35.6–46.9 N) and 54.3 N (95% CI: 48.7–60.3 N) respectively. Conclusion A 4LP pattern was biomechanically superior to a 3LP pattern, as demonstrated by a greater load required to form both a 1 and 3 mm gap and a greater load for failure Clinical Significance A 4LP suture pattern better resists gap formation and requires greater load prior to construct failure compared with a 3LP, in this canine gastrocnemius model
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-06-27T06:44:05+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1749398
       
  • Computed Tomographic Measurements of the Sulcus Angle of the Femoral
           Trochlea in Small-Breed Dogs with and without Medial Patellar Luxation

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      Authors: Sasaki; Akari, Hidaka, Yuki, Mochizuki, Manabu, Honnami, Muneki
      Abstract: Trochleoplasty is often performed in dogs with medial patellar luxation (MPL); however, the current guidelines on when to perform a trochleoplasty in dogs are vague. The sulcus angle (SA) is used to assess the femoral trochlear morphology in humans. The aim of this study is to describe a method to measure the SA and other parameters of trochlea morphology in dogs using computed tomography. First, we searched for a suitable measuring location for the SA. Transverse images of the femurs were obtained as perpendicular planes to the tangent of the femoral trochlea which was 0 to 60 degrees (every 5 degrees) to the anatomical axis of the femur. The deepest point of the femoral trochlea was found in the transverse images perpendicular to the tangent of the femoral trochlea which was at 15 degrees to the anatomical axis of the femur. The SA and the other parameters of femoral trochlea morphology were measured at the deepest point of the femoral trochlea. The SA of the stifle joints with grade 3 and 4 MPL was significantly higher than the SA of stifle joints not affected by MPL. There was no significant difference in the SA between dogs affected by grade 1 and 2 MPL and dogs not affected by MPL. Further studies are needed to establish whether the SA can be used as selection criteria for trochleoplasty.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-06-27T06:44:05+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1749151
       
  • Contrast-Enhanced Low-Field MRI Occasionally Alters the Surgical Approach
           for Canine Intervertebral Disc Extrusions

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      Authors: Craciun; Ioana, Khan, Sam, Hughes, Jonathan, Freeman, Paul
      Abstract: Objectives The aim of this study was to describe how the addition of contrast-enhanced low-field magnetic resonance imaging sequences can confirm or change the initially planned surgical approach for canine intervertebral disc extrusions. Study Design Magnetic resonance imagings of 20 dogs diagnosed with intervertebral disc extrusions were retrospectively reviewed by a board-certified neurologist for the location of extradural disc material, contrast enhancement, and whether enhancement reinforced or changed the initially planned surgical approach. Results Extradural compressive material contrast-enhanced in 17/20 dogs. In 14/20 dogs, enhancement was considered to increase the confidence level of the location for surgery including two cases where the surgical approach was altered. Conclusion Gadolinium-based contrast agents in low-field magnetic resonance imaging can aid the surgical planning of intervertebral disc extrusions in dogs by improving the confidence level of location and extent of extradural material and occasionally altering the surgical approach.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-06-22T12:56:40+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1748877
       
  • Evaluation of Paraspinal Musculature in Small Breed Dogs with and without
           Atlantoaxial Instability Using Computed Tomography

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      Authors: Müller; Annina, Forterre, Franck, Vidondo, Beatriz, Stoffel, Michael H., Hernández-Guerra, Ángel, Plessas, Ioannis N., Schmidt, Martin J., Precht, Christina
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in paraspinal musculature between dogs with and without atlantoaxial instability (AAI) using computed tomography scans. Study Design Retrospective multicentre study evaluating transverse reconstructed computed tomography scans of 83 small breed dogs (34 with and 49 without AAI) for the cross-sectional paraspinal musculature area at three levels (Occiput/C1, mid-C1, mid-C2). Ratio of moments, dorsal-to-ventral muscle-area ratios (d-v-ratio) and ratios of the dorsal and ventral musculature to C2 height (d-C2-ratio and v-C2-ratio) were evaluated for differences between groups using multivariate analysis of variance (p 
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-06-07T04:39:32+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1748860
       
  • Treatment of Medial Shoulder Joint Instability by Stabilization with an
           Arthroscopically Guided Prosthetic Ligament: A Cadaveric Feasibility Study
           in Dogs

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      Authors: Llido; Marie, Livet, Véronique, Carozzo, Claude, Viguier, Éric, Cachon, Thibaut
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility and efficiency of an arthroscopically guided ligamentoplasty of the medial glenohumeral ligament to treat medial shoulder joint instability. Study Design Six Beagle cadavers were used (12 limbs). Both arms of the medial glenohumeral ligament were severed using arthroscopic guidance. Arthroscopically guided reconstruction of the ligament was performed. Threaded sutures were fixed with a bone anchor on the medial aspect of the glenoidal cavity of the scapula, passed through a humeral tunnel and finally tensioned with a suture button on lateral aspect of the humerus. Shoulder abduction angles were measured before and after the section of the medial glenohumeral ligament, and following the surgery. Two orthogonal radiographic projections and dissections were performed after each procedure to grade the placement of the implants. Results Surgical repairs were achieved in 10 out of 12 limbs. The abduction angles after repair with ligamentoplasty were not significantly different from the abduction angles measured before the section of the medial glenohumeral ligament. Conclusion Arthroscopically guided ligamentoplasty with a scapular bone anchor and a humeral drilling tunnel is feasible in cadavers, and efficient to restore acutely shoulder abduction angle in a minimally invasive manner. Further clinical studies are required to assess in vivo results.
      Citation: Vet Comp Orthop Traumatol ; : -
      PubDate: 2022-03-04T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1744174
       
 
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