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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 225 journals)
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Van Veterinary Journal
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2149-3359
Published by Yüzüncü Yıl Üniversitesi Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Changes in Hematology, Some Clinical Biochemical Parameters and Mineral
           Levels in Neonatal Calves with Sepsis due to Diarrhea

    • Authors: Enes AKYÜZ; Mert SEZER, Mushap KURU, Amir NASERİ
      Abstract: In this study, it was aimed to evaluate hematology, some clinical and biochemical parameters, as well as mineral levels in calves with neonatal sepsis caused by diarrhea. In this study, 30 calves that were 0-10 days old, who did not receive any treatment and who met the criteria for diarrhea and sepsis within 24 hours at the latest, constitute the sepsis group, and 20 healthy calves in the same age group constitute the control group. Venous blood samples were taken from calves with sepsis before treatment and once from healthy calves. The mean heart rate per minute and respiratory rate were determined higher in the group with sepsis than in the control group. In addition, neutrophil counts were found to be higher in the sepsis group compared to the control group. Erythrocyte count and mean erythrocyte volume were found to be low. While the levels of alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, urea and creatinine were statistically significantly higher in the group with sepsis compared to the control group, magnesium concentrations were lower (p
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Hidden Potential of Herbal Remedies and Neutraceuticals in Canine and
           Feline Behavioural Disorders

    • Authors: Umut Burak AĞAN; Saba HOSSEİNPOUR RAOUF, Büşra UZUN, Yücel MERAL
      Abstract: Veterinary practitioners may encounter a wide variety of behaviorual problems such as aggresion, anxiety, compulsive behaviours, inappropriate elimination and cognitive dysfunction in daily practice. With the advance of scientific researches regarding usage of herbs and nutraceuticals in order to treat these behavioural problems, veterinarians and animal owners look for reliable sources to gain knowladge about that therapeutics. As elucidated by many published researches, neurotransmitters such as GABA, serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine act in pathology of many psychiatric disorders and most of the modern drugs show their mechanism of action by regulating these neurochemicals. There is increasing evidence that herbal extracts and nutraceuticals act in a similiar way with the conventional therapeutics however, lots of conventional medicines have remarkable side effect unlike herbal and nutraceutical therapeutics. Despite the increasing number of studies, the mechanism of action of these therapeutics has not been fully elucidated. This review aims to introduce recent scientific knowledge on herbal and nutraceutical remedies, that may be alternative treatment models in dog and cat behavioural problems.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Evaluation of the Treatment of Feline Metacarpal and Metatarsal Fractures
           Using Dowel Pinning Technique

    • Authors: Birkan KARSLI
      Abstract: This study is aimed to evaluate the postoperative results of the operations performed with the dowel pin technique in metacarpal (Mc) and metatarsal (Mt) fractures of cats, clinically and radiologically. A retrospective evaluation was carried out for 10 cats with Mc and Mt fractures by performing clinical and radiographic examinations for an average of 4.5 months after surgery using the dowel pin technique. In the evaluation, the number of fractures, fracture type and localization, fracture healing, and postoperative complications resulting from clinical and radiographic results, postoperative observations, and the animal owners' observations in the postoperative process were considered. Questionnaires made to animal owners were evaluated. Clinical and radiographic evaluation of the cats included in the study was performed. After the 12th week of the study, there was no information from two cats. Nine of the clients (90%) reported no significant change in their cat's walking after treatment. One client reported that after 4 weeks postoperatively, the cat kept its extremity at rest and suffered from persistent lameness at a minimal level. In conclusion, despite the limited case series of the study, it is seen that the dowel pin technique is a simple, economic, effective, and reliable method for the surgical healing of Mc and Mt bone fractures.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The Effect of Different Diluents on Short-Term Storage and Fertility in
           Damascus Goats

    • Authors: Mustafa ŞAHİN; İlker YAVAŞ, Nurdan COŞKUN ÇETİN, Oğuz Kaan YALÇIN, Haydar DEMİREZER
      Abstract: This study was carried out to determine effects of different proportions of sugar and egg yolk (EY) added to Tris in Damascus bucks on some spermatological properties and fertility at 4°C. Goats to be inseminated in a total of 4 groups with 8 females in each group, one of which was the control (natural breeding). Progesterone measurements and birth rates were recorded. During the breeding season semen was collected from 4 bucks twice a week. After pooling, semen diluted with 3 different diluents (Group 1: 1.3 g fructose, 0.2 g glucose, %20 EY; Group 2: 0.9 g fructose, 0.1 g glucose, 3% EY; Group 3: 0.2 g fructose, 0.1 g glucose, 0% EY) and stored for 96 hours. At 12-24, 36-60 hours, lowest motility was detected in group1 and highest motility in group2 (p0.05). Highest value of dead-live spermatozoa ratio was determined in group1 until 72nd hour (p
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • A Case of Preputial Myiasis Caused by Wohlfahrtia magnifica (Diptera:
           Sarcophagidae) in a Domestic Male Goat (Capra hircus)

    • Authors: Gökhan EREN; Mustafa AÇICI, Ali Tümay GÜRLER, Cenk Soner BÖLÜKBAŞ, Şinasi UMUR
      Abstract: Myiasis is a disease that occurs when adult forms of some diptera species are non-parasitic, while larval forms (Diptera: Calliphoridae, Muscidae and Sarcophagidae) feed on necrotic, living, or dead tissues of humans and vertebrates or fluids from body tissues or ingested food. Myiasis causes serious economic losses and health problems in humans and animals, especially in rural areas of tropical and subtropical countries where cattle, sheep and goat breeding are common. The case of myiasis is classified in many ways according to the parasite-host relationships or the tissues and organs in which the diptera larvae located: external myiasis if it settles on the skin surface of the hosts; internal myiasis if it settles in organs or body cavities. Diptera larvae collected from the preputium of a sacrificial goat were brought to the parasitology laboratory in 70% ethanol for identification. According to the microscopic examination, third instar larvae of Wohlfahrtia magnifica (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) were detected in samples. The aim of this study was to present the cases of external and internal myiasis in Turkey, together with the first case of preputial myiasis of goat caused by W. magnifica in Turkey.
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Investigation of Milk Somatic Cell Counts During Early Lactation Stages in
           Awassi Ewes

    • Authors: Serdal KURT; Funda EŞKİ, Seçkin SALAR, Ayhan BAŞTAN
      Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the change of somatic cells counts (SCC) and to determine its normal value during the early lactation period in healthy Awassi ewes. The study was conducted on a total of 75 healthy Awassi ewes. The animals were divided into three groups as those in the second week of lactation (Group 1; n= 25), those in the fourth week of lactation (Group 2; n= 25), and those in the sixth weeks of lactation (Group 3; n= 25). California Mastitis Test (CMT) negative animals were included in the study and, milk samples were collected for SCC analysis. In addition, blood samples were taken from all animals for alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, alkaline phosphatase and gama glutamil transferaz analysis. SCC was significantly reduced in Group 2 compared to Group 1 (p
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Use of Thermography in the Diagnosis of Bovine Foot Diseases

    • Authors: Adem DÜZGÜN; Loğman ASLAN
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the applicability of thermal cameras at different ambient temperatures in the diagnosis of foot diseases of cows. The material of this study was consisted of 200 cows, over 1 year old, from 12 different farms. The temperature of anterior and posterior limbs was measured from the dorsal coronal band region with thermal camera. There was a statistically significant difference between the temperatures of healthy and diseased feet of the cows. The temperatures were found as 11.75 ± 5.03 °C in the front feet and 10.96 ± 4.45 °C in the rear feet. The result of statistical analysis for healthy feet showed that the occurrence of 1 °C change at the ambient temperature caused an average change of 1.14 ± 0.10 °C in the feet and this amount of change was found statistically significant (p
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Comparative Study between Ewe and Goats Milk Fatty Acid Profile and Some
           Healthy Index in the First 30 Days of Lactation

    • Authors: Hanifi AYSONDU; Selçuk ÖZYÜREK, Doğan TÜRKYILMAZ
      Abstract: Fatty acid composition in milk has a vital importance in the early lactation period when lambs are milking. In this study, the change in milk fatty acid composition of Akkaraman ewe and Hair goats fed under the same conditions in the first 30 days of lactation was investigated. 10 Akkaraman ewe and 10 Hair goats were used in 2-5 parities. Ewe and goats were born in February. The animals were kept to the same feeding indoor, while experiment was going on. In addition to 1 kg of barley per animal, wheat straw was given ad libitum. Individual milk samples were taken from each animal on 0th, 1st, 3rd, 7th, 15th and 30th of lactation days. While C16:1, C18:3n3 were found more in goat milk (p
      PubDate: Sun, 27 Mar 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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