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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 220 journals)
Showing 1 - 63 of 63 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abanico Veterinario     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Research in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Small Animal Care     Full-text available via subscription  
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences     Open Access  
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Analecta Veterinaria     Open Access  
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal - Science Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 180)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animal Health Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Anthrozoos : A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People & Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi / Atatürk University Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Austral Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Equine Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Avian Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access  
Bangladesh Veterinarian     Open Access  
BMC Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia     Open Access  
Chilean Journal of Agricultural & Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Ciencia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Compendio de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Equine Veterinary Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Equine Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Ethiopian Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access  
FAVE Sección Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Folia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Frontiers in Veterinary Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human & Veterinary Medicine - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ILAR Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Medicus Veterinus     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Equine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
InVet     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Veterinary Surgery     Open Access  
Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Irish Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Parasite Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Small Animal Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society     Open Access  
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Veterinary Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Veterinary Forensic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access  
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Medik Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kenya Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
kleintier konkret     Hybrid Journal  
Livestock     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Macedonian Veterinary Review     Open Access  
Matrix Science Medica     Open Access  
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Medical Mycology Case Reports     Open Access  
Medicina Veterinária (UFRPE)     Open Access  
Nepalese Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
New Zealand Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
New Zealand Veterinary Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
pferde spiegel     Hybrid Journal  
Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Preventive Veterinary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Rassegna di Diritto, Legislazione e Medicina Legale Veterinaria     Open Access  
Reproduction in Domestic Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research in Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Veterinária     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Complutense de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciência Veterinária e Saúde Pública     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Revista de Educação Continuada em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access  
Revista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Perú     Open Access  
Revista de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista MVZ Córdoba     Open Access  
Revista Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
Revue Vétérinaire Clinique     Full-text available via subscription  
Salud y Tecnología Veterinaria     Open Access  
Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde     Hybrid Journal  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Small Ruminant Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Sri Lanka Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
SVU-International Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Tanzania Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
team.konkret     Open Access  
Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine     Open Access  
Theriogenology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Tierärztliche Praxis Ausgabe G: Großtiere / Nutztiere     Hybrid Journal  
Tierärztliche Praxis Ausgabe K: Kleintiere / Heimtiere     Hybrid Journal  
Topics in Companion Animal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Tropical Animal Health and Production     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access  
UK Vet Equine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Van Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
VCOT Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Veterinaria     Open Access  
Veterinaria (Montevideo)     Open Access  
Veterinaria México     Open Access  
Veterinaria México OA     Open Access  
Veterinarski Glasnik     Open Access  
Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Veterinary and Animal Science     Open Access  
Veterinary and Comparative Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Veterinary Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Veterinary Journal of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University / Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Veterinary Medicine and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Veterinary Medicine International     Open Access   (Followers: 5)

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VCOT Open
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2625-2325
Published by Thieme Publishing Group Homepage  [233 journals]
  • Double Adjacent Ventral Slots in Cervical Disc Extrusion with Epidural
           Haemorrhage in Four French Bulldogs

    • Authors: Olender; Magdalena, Couturier, Jérôme, Couturier, Laurent, Gatel, Laure, Brissot, Hervé
      Abstract: Four French bulldogs were presented with a history of cervical pain and/or signs of myelopathy and were diagnosed with an acute cervical intervertebral disc extrusion (IVDE), associated with epidural haemorrhage (EH). The lesion was classified as IVDE with EH by a board-certified radiologist based on contrast-enhanced computed tomography images. All dogs were treated with two adjacent ventral slots that confirmed diagnosis. The decompression was assessed by measurement of the amount of residual material on computed tomography studies, and the outcome was evaluated by clinical recheck. All dogs recovered uneventfully after the surgery. This case series describes the first detailed report of extensive cervical IVDE with EH where double adjacent ventral slots was used in a treatment of such lesion.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e106-e110
      PubDate: 2022-10-26T15:18:06+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1757348
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Lameness Localization in Dogs: An Exploratory Study of the Translation of
           the Equine Flexion Test to Canine Orthopaedics

    • Authors: Grosjean; Diane, De Bakker, Evelien, Mugnier, Amélie, Verschooten, Francis, Rytz, Ulrich, Forterre, Franck, Samoy, Yves, Van Ryssen, Bernadette
      Abstract: Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the method and feasibility of the flexion test (FT) as a diagnostic tool to localize lameness on dogs. Study Design Canine FT was designed and based on the FT routinely used on horses. In dogs, the test consisted in a flexion of a joint to its full range of motion for 1 minute. Eventual increased lameness was then evaluated. The gait was evaluated using a visual analogue scale. An increase in the lameness score compared with the baseline score was considered as a positive result.The method was described for every major joint of the appendicular skeleton and was evaluated in sound and lame dogs. To evaluate the feasibility, the FT was applied for 3 minutes in eight healthy dogs on all joints. On 27 clinically lame dogs, flexion was applied for 1 minute on the joints with a suspected pathology and on their contralateral side used as a control. Results The FT was feasible and well tolerated by the sound dogs on all joints and no positive results were recorded. On clinically lame dogs, lameness increased in 81.5% of dogs. These cases were afterwards diagnosed with an orthopaedic-related disorder and then defined as true positives. False negative results occurred in 18.5% of the lameness cases. Conclusion The FT is safe and easy to perform. It did not produce any false positive results. False negatives might occur in a minor number of cases, implying that a negative result does not exclude a joint pathology.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e116-e122
      PubDate: 2022-10-21T21:08:17+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750036
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Thoracic Limb Angular Deformity in Chondrodystrophic Dogs: Repeatability
           of Goniometric Measurement of External Rotation and Carpal Valgus

    • Authors: Pulkkinen; Hanna S.M., Lappalainen, Anu K., Junnila, Jouni J.T., Laitinen-Vapaavuori, Outi M., Hyytiäinen, Heli K.
      Abstract: Objective We aimed to provide repeatable methods for quantifying antebrachial valgus and rotation in dogs with and without complex angular deformities. Thus, we investigated the repeatability of two methods to measure carpal valgus and one method to measure external rotation of the thoracic limb in a standing position. Study Design This was a prospective observer agreement study with a sample of 18 non-chondrodystrophic dogs as baseline and 43 chondrodystrophic dogs. The rotation measurements (ROT), modified valgus measurements (VALG-M), and established carpal valgus measurements (VALG) were done independently by two investigators. Repeatability was assessed with intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results The measured mean (± standard deviation) angles of ROT, VALG-M, and VALG for non-chondrodystrophic dogs were 14 degrees (± 5 degrees), 9 degrees (± 4 degrees), and 4 degrees (± 3 degrees) and 30 degrees (± 13 degrees) and 23 degrees (± 11 degrees) for ROT and VALG-M for chondrodystrophic dogs respectively. In non-chondrodystrophic dogs, ICC was low with mean errors of 1 to 6 degrees, whereas in chondrodystrophic dogs, intra- and intertester ICC was high for ROT and VALG-M with mean errors of 3 to 8 degrees. Conclusion The ROT and VALG-M methods can be used as reliable tools to objectively quantify aspects of thoracic limb alignment for research, clinical, and screening purposes in both non-chondrodystrophic and chondrodystrophic dogs. The mean values of ROT, VALG-M, and VALG can be used as references for non-chondrodystrophic dogs in the standing position.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e123-e130
      PubDate: 2022-10-21T20:55:56+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750030
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Successful Management of Congenital Radial Head Subluxation in a Juvenile
           Dog Using Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Suture Toggle

    • Authors: Chong; Wye Li, Davey, Jack, Jermyn, Kieri, Sul, Rui, Michelsen, Jacob
      Abstract: Congenital humeroradial subluxation was diagnosed by clinical examination and radiography in a 16-week-old female dog that presented for left forelimb lameness. This was treated surgically by open reduction followed by placement of an ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene suture from the craniolateral aspect of the proximal radius to the caudomedial aspect of the ulna, secured with a toggle and suture button. Postoperative findings were consistent with clinical improvement and radiographs were compatible with resolution of elbow subluxation. To our knowledge, this is the first case report of congenital humeroradial subluxation to be managed with an ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene suture toggle.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e103-e105
      PubDate: 2022-10-21T20:50:54+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1757346
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Patellar Tendon Repair Using a Patellar Tendon Allograft and External
           Fixator in Three Dogs

    • Authors: Tidwell; Samuel J., Franklin, Samuel P.
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to report on complications and outcomes with repair of ruptured canine patellar tendons using primary tenorrhaphy coupled with patellar tendon allograft transplantation and use of a transarticular external skeletal fixator. Materials and Methods This report includes three dogs with acutely ruptured patellar tendons, all of whom had surgical repair using a patellar tendon allograft. Dogs were assessed postoperatively by physical examination, owner input, and/or video review. Functional outcomes were classified as full, acceptable, or unacceptable based on previously established criteria. Results Follow-up time was between 24 and 46 weeks. Two dogs obtained full function and one dog reached acceptable function. The acrylic connecting bars of the external fixator fractured and needed to be replaced in one dog. There were no other problems or complications. There was no evidence of rejection of any allograft. Clinical Significance Primary tenorrhaphy supported by patellar tendon allograft transplantation and transarticular skeletal fixation appears to be a viable option without evidence of patellar tendon allograft rejection and acceptable or full recovery in the three dogs of this report.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e98-e102
      PubDate: 2022-10-21T20:44:49+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750031
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Stabilization and Long-Term Outcome of a Tibiotarsal Fracture in a Turkey
           Vulture (Cathartes aura) Using a Supracutaneous Plating Technique

    • Authors: Liles; Marina, Barillo, Anthony, Dugat, Danielle, Di Girolamo, Nicola, Brandão, João, Roca, Rodrigo
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to report the successful outcome of a tibiotarsal fracture in a turkey vulture managed with a supracutaneous plating technique. This is a case report study design. A juvenile male turkey vulture (Cathartes aura) was presented unable to walk. Physical exam revealed instability in the left tibiotarsus. Radiographs confirmed a comminuted mid-diaphyseal fracture of the left tibiotarsus. The turkey vulture underwent fracture stabilization using fluoroscopic guidance with a 12-hole 2.4-mm locking compression plate (LCP) placed in a supracutaneous fashion with locking screws proximally and distally. The turkey vulture was ambulatory immediately following surgery, and lameness had resolved by day three. Four weeks postoperatively, radiographs demonstrated loss of cortical bone density, and the construct was dynamized. At 6 weeks postoperatively, radiographs revealed a bridging callus, and all implants were removed. Following an additional 2 weeks of cage rest, recheck radiographs confirmed continued fracture healing and increased cortical density. At week nine, the turkey vulture was transitioned to a pre-release flight cage where the vulture was noted to set flight, land, grasp, walk, and perch normally. The turkey vulture was released 12 weeks postoperatively. This case report documents the successful functional outcome of a closed, comminuted mid-diaphyseal fracture of the tibiotarsus in a minimally invasive manner utilizing a supracutaneous plating technique. Based on a literature search, this is the first report utilizing supracutaneous plating for a tibiotarsal fracture in a turkey vulture.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e111-e115
      PubDate: 2022-10-21T20:37:46+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1757349
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Use of an Autologous Bone Graft Derived from Three Caudal Vertebrae for
           Reconstruction in a Dog with Radioulnar Atrophic Nonunion and
           Osteomyelitis

    • Authors: Goto; Masato, Ikeda, Hitoshi
      Abstract: This case report describes the case of a 4-year-old toy poodle who underwent reconstruction using an autologous caudal vertebral graft for nonunion and osteomyelitis of a left radioulnar fracture. Radial reconstruction was performed 14 days after the removal of existing implants. Three autologous caudal vertebrae mounted onto a titanium T-plate were used to fill the radial bone defect. Rehabilitation was initiated 3 weeks after surgery. By the fifth week after surgery, the dog showed weight bearing on the affected limb. One year after the reconstruction surgery, revision surgery for replacing all implants was performed due to increased radiolucency of the graft. The dog remained clinically stable, and radiographic bone union was complete 3 years and 2 months after the first surgery. An autologous caudal vertebral graft was successfully used for the treatment of a large radial defect in a dog suffering from atrophic nonunion. Clinical improvement was prompt, and the long-term functional outcome was satisfactory.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e93-e97
      PubDate: 2022-08-13T23:20:09+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1751070
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Effect of Needle and Extracorporeal Shockwave Stimulation of Acupuncture
           Points on Equine Chronic Multilimb Lameness Using a Single-Formula
           Approach

    • Authors: Labens; Raphael, Schramme, Michael, Hale, Josephine Nicole Sampson, Teixeira-Neto, Antônio Raphael
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to compare effects with conventional (needle and electroacupuncture, NAP) and shockwave stimulation of acupuncture points (SAP) on chronic multilimb lameness in horses. Study Design Randomized crossover block design; ten mature Standardbred mares with multilimb lameness (< 4/10) underwent 3-weekly point stimulations (NAP/SAP) selected on the basis of their uniform applicability. Groups were reversed following a washout period (9 weeks). Lameness at the trot was video recorded and quantified objectively using an inertial sensor-based system during a 4-week pre- and post-treatment period. Blinded expert review of recordings resulted in subjective qualitative (better, same, or worse) and quantitative outcome measures (0–10 lameness grade). Mixed effect repeated measures analyses were performed on objective quantitative gait parameters specific to fore (Vector sum [VSHead]) and hindlimb lameness (average differences in minimum [DIFFMINPelvis] and maximum pelvic height [DIFFMAXPelvis]) Qualitative data were assessed in non-parametric tests. Results SAP had no effect on forelimb but improved hindlimb lameness (DIFFMINPelvis; p 
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e83-e92
      PubDate: 2022-07-19T10:53:59+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750033
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Patellar Groove Replacement in a Cat

    • Authors: Jaworski; Janusz, Krukowski, Maciej, Gosling, Mark, Burton, Neil
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to report patellar groove replacement in a 6-year-old domestic short hair cat with chronic unilateral pelvic limb lameness and severe femoro-patellar osteoarthritis due to medial patellar luxation. This study is a case report. Computed tomographic scan of the affected limb revealed marked periarticular osteophytosis, medial trochlear ridge erosion, marked flattening of femoral trochlea, ectopic pseudo-trochlear groove, and medial patellar luxation. Femoral trochlear ostectomy with patellar groove replacement, release of the medial fibrocartilage, partial parasagittal patellectomy, and lateral tibial tuberosity were performed. Clinical review and radiographs performed 53 days post-surgery revealed no complications and substantial decrease in lameness. Thirteen months postoperatively the cat scored 2/72 on the Feline Musculoskeletal Pain Index questionnaire by the owner, indicating good mobility, minimal discomfort, and good quality of life. As far as the authors are aware, this is the first report of the use of patellar groove replacement in the management of feline medial patellar luxation. Patellar groove replacement, in combination with adjunctive procedures, resulted in a substantial improvement in lameness in this cat with chronic medial patellar luxation and severe femoro-patellar osteoarthritis.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e71-e77
      PubDate: 2022-07-13T12:46:35+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1751071
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Bilateral Talocalcaneal and Talocalcaneocentral Luxation after a Road
           Traffic Accident in a Dog

    • Authors: Serrano-Crehuet; Tomas, Espinel-Rupérez, Jorge, Amorós, Olga, Mullins, Ronan A.
      Abstract: A 4-year-old, 25 kg, male, castrated, crossbreed dog was referred after having been driven over by a trailer 3 days prior. On examination, the dog was unable to ambulate on the pelvic limbs. There was crepitus, soft tissue swelling and pain on manipulation of the tarsi, with bilateral rotational and suspected mild lateral instability. Radiographs identified bilateral talocalcaneal luxation with dorsal displacement of the head of talus and bilateral avulsion fracture of lateral malleolus. A dorsomedial approach to the tarsocrural joint was performed bilaterally and the dorsal luxation of the head of talus was reduced. A 3.5 mm positional cortical screw was placed on both sides from dorsomedial head of talus to plantarolateral distal calcaneus. A temporary calcaneotibial screw was also applied bilaterally. No complications were encountered apart from mild bandage-related dermatitis, and the dog made a complete recovery. No lameness was identified on subjective gait assessment at 14 weeks and 12 months postoperatively; however, mild-to-moderate osteoarthritis affecting the talocalcaneocentral and centrodistal joints was identified at 12 months postoperatively.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e65-e70
      PubDate: 2022-07-13T12:41:10+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750032
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Minimally Invasive Reduction and Stabilization of Fractures of the Humeral
           Condyle by Skeletal Traction in Dogs: 18 Cases

    • Authors: Benedini; Davide, Rovesti, Gian Luca, Barbieri, Fabio
      Abstract: Closed reduction or limited open reduction in conjunction with internal or external fixation has been recommended as the preferred treatment for many types of fractures, but this technique has rarely been recommended for articular fractures because of the need for anatomic alignment of articular surfaces. However, the proposed benefits of closed reduction should be applicable to articular fractures if appropriate reduction and implant placement can be achieved. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate a surgical technique for minimally invasive reduction and stabilization of fractures of the humeral condyle by means of intraoperative traction applied to the ulna under fluoroscopic guidance. Nineteen fractures of the humeral condyle in eighteen dogs were reduced by intraoperative osteotaxis applied by traction of the ulna, minimally invasive approach to the epicondyle and fracture stabilization under fluoroscopic guidance. Postoperative reduction was considered good or excellent in most fractures. This technique can be considered as a potential option for the treatment of condylar fractures, allowing for minimally invasive reduction and stabilization, thus avoiding the need for surgical exposure of the elbow joint.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e57-e64
      PubDate: 2022-07-13T12:36:20+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750037
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Avulsion of the Lateral Head of the Gastrocnemius in a Dog: Surgical
           Treatment and an Ex Vivo Study on Pathomechanisms

    • Authors: Roses; Leonor, Arnott, Davinia
      Abstract: A 6-year-old Border Collie presented with a 4-month history of progressive plantigrade stance of the right hindlimb, following a jump when chasing a ball. Avulsion of the lateral head of the gastrocnemius and tearing of the medial muscular belly were confirmed radiographically and ultrasonographically. Surgical repair of the lateral head was performed using two nylon mattress sutures placed around the fabella and through femoral condylar bone tunnels, followed by the application of a cranial half cast for 5 weeks. No complications were reported and follow-up owner's questionnaire at 18 months postoperatively revealed excellent results with the dog returning to normal activity.Avulsion of the lateral fabella was induced in a cadaveric limb and hyperflexion of the tarsus was simulated. Extreme hyperflexion of the tarsus only occurred once a subsequent tear of the medial belly of the gastrocnemius had developed, but without avulsion of the medial fabella.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e50-e56
      PubDate: 2022-07-12T14:15:18+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750057
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Lateral Patellar Luxations following Bilateral Hip Joint Replacement in a
           Dog

    • Authors: Simlett-Moss; Angharad, Arthurs, Gareth, Schiborra, Frederike, Comerford, Eithne
      Abstract: A 2-year-old male neutered crossbreed was presented with a 7-month history of left pelvic limb lameness. Following a diagnosis of bilateral hip dysplasia, staged hybrid total hip replacements (THR) were performed 16 months apart. An ipsilateral grade II lateral patellar luxation (LPL) developed within 24 hours after each THR. Both LPLs were successfully treated by block recession sulcoplasty. Subjective gait analysis showed an abnormal pelvic limb gait following each THR. Clinical examination detected a grade II LPL on each operated limb. Computed tomography of both pelvic limbs revealed mild trochlear sulcus hypoplasia but no other skeletal abnormalities. Trochlear block recession sulcoplasty was performed 10 and 4 weeks respectively after THR. Long-term follow-up 12 months after the last surgery found minimal (0–1/10) lameness, no pain on clinical examination in both PLs and an overall low client-based metrology instrument mobility score of 2 (Liverpool Osteoarthritis in Dogs). This case report documents that in predisposed dogs, with hypoplastic trochlear ridges, LPL can occur secondary to THR and can be successfully managed by standard techniques to address the luxation. Furthermore, despite anecdotal verbal reports of medial patellar luxation occurring secondary to THR in dogs, this is the first published report of the management of any patellar luxation subsequent to THR.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e41-e49
      PubDate: 2022-07-12T13:56:18+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750035
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Basilar Invagination in a Cat with Incomplete Ossification of the Atlas
           Treated by C1-C2 Arthrodesis

    • Authors: Fontalba-Navas; Jose Luis, Rodríguez-Gómez, Victoria, Calvo, Ignacio, Mateo-Pampliega, Isidro
      Abstract: Basilar invagination is a poorly described condition in veterinary medicine where the tip of the odontoid process projects into a normal foramen magnum. This report describes the clinical, radiological, and surgical treatment of a basilar invagination associated with instability of the atlantoaxial joint due to an incomplete ossification of the atlas in a cat. At presentation, the clinical signs included obtundation and non-ambulatory tetraparesis with postural reaction deficits in hindlimbs and left forelimb. Radiographic examination revealed cranial displacement of the axis with the dens impinging the basioccipital bone, and computed tomography confirmed the impaction of the axis on the atlas due to an incomplete ossification of the left half of the neural arch with the intercentrum. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed severe spinal cord compression and myelopathy at this level. The cat underwent surgery for atlantoaxial arthrodesis using a ventral approach to C1-C2. Recovery after surgery was uneventful. Follow-up a year after surgery finds the cat free of neurological signs. An incomplete ossification of the atlas can lead to atlantoaxial instability and basilar invagination in the cat. Diagnosis can be made based on its radiological characteristics, the cranial displacement of the odontoid process in contact with the basioccipital bone being its main feature. This case was successfully treated by atlantoaxial arthrodesis.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e78-e82
      PubDate: 2022-07-12T13:41:07+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750058
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 02 (2022)
       
  • Iatrogenic Iliopsoas Tendon Injury May Occur during Femoral Head and Neck
           Ostectomy—An Ex-Vivo Study in Dogs

    • Authors: Gillis; Charlotte E., Jaffe, Michael H., Lee, Alison M., Seitz, Marc A.
      Abstract: Objective The aim of this study was to determine if inadvertent iatrogenic damage to the iliopsoas tendon can occur during routine femoral head and neck ostectomy (FHO), using a cadaveric dog model. Study Design Four cadaveric specimens (eight hindlimbs total) of dogs that were humanely euthanatized for reasons unrelated to this study. Pre-experimental radiography confirmed absence of pelvic or femoral comorbidities. Each limb of each paired sample was randomly assigned as either dissection-only control or FHO. The simulated FHO procedures were performed by an American College of Veterinary Surgeons diplomate, and post-procedure radiography confirmed appropriate ostectomy. The FHO limbs underwent pre- and postoperative ultrasonographic investigation by an American College of Veterinary Radiology diplomate. Finally, the FHO limbs were grossly dissected, and abnormalities were documented. Results Gross visual damage was seen on all postoperative FHO limbs. The damage was most apparent in extreme external rotation of the limb at dissection. Yet, ultrasound investigation did not reveal changes associated with these gross lesions. Conclusion Iatrogenic inadvertent damage to the iliopsoas tendon may occur during routine FHO, as demonstrated in this ex vivo model; however, this result is not evidence for clinical relevance. A prospective clinical study is needed to assess if iliopsoas injury secondary to FHO has any clinical impact on recovery and limb function.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e36-e40
      PubDate: 2022-06-28T12:46:12+01:00
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1750034
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 01 (2022)
       
  • Pathologic Mandibular Fracture Associated with Bilateral Dentigerous Cysts
           in a Dog

    • Authors: Jones; Rebecca Lauren, Gauthier, Olivier, Vallefuoco, Rosario
      Abstract: This report describes the management and computed tomographic (CT) follow-up of a pathologic fracture of the mandibular body associated with bilateral dentigerous cysts in a 16-month-old Boxer. Bilateral, rostral, mandibular lesions consistent with dentigerous cysts were identified by intraoral radiography and CT. The left cyst was associated with an open, mildly displaced mandibular fracture. Treatment of the cystic lesions consisted of surgical exposure, extraction of embedded teeth, curettage of the cyst lining, and placement of demineralized bone matrix. Reduction and stabilization of the fracture were achieved by interdental wiring combined with an intraoral splint. Follow-up examination and CT imaging were performed at 8, 18, and 85 weeks postoperatively. Complete fracture healing and resolution of both cystic lesions were confirmed at 18 weeks with no recurrence evident at 85 weeks. No complications were encountered. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case report of a pathologic mandibular fracture secondary to a dentigerous cyst in a dog, documenting the healing of dentigerous cysts via CT with progressive replacement of demineralized bone matrix by new osseous growth. Surgical treatment of the pathologic mandibular fracture and the bilateral dentigerous cysts resulted in an excellent clinical outcome.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e25-e29
      PubDate: 2022-03-14T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1742474
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 01 (2022)
       
  • Type II Monteggia Lesion with Complete Elbow Dislocation in a Cat

    • Authors: Schreiber; Kevin, Rousseau, Thomas, Gauthier, Olivier
      Abstract: A 2-year-old neutered male cat was presented for right forelimb non-weight-bearing lameness. A fracture of the proximal third of the ulna (associated with a caudal radio-humeral and humero-ulnar dislocations and a radio-ulnar dislocation) was radiographically identified, leading to a diagnosis of type II Monteggia lesion with complete elbow joint dislocation. The ulnar fracture was reduced and stabilized using an intramedullary pin. During surgery, the lateral collateral ligament and the annular ligament appeared disrupted. The radio-ulnar dislocation was reduced and stabilized, using a double-loop suture prosthesis passing through the metaphysis of the ulna and around the radial head. The radio-humeral dislocation was reduced and stabilized using a lateral collateral suture prosthesis. No postoperative complications were observed and the patient regained good elbow joint range of motion, with no significant lameness at 8 postoperative months.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e30-e35
      PubDate: 2022-03-02T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1742470
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 01 (2022)
       
  • Osseous Metaplasia of the Transverse Humeral Ligament in a 10-Year-Old
           Bengal Cat

    • Authors: Rodiño Tilve; Verónica, Maddox, Thomas, Ressel, Lorenzo, Pettitt, Rob
      Abstract: This report is of an osseous metaplasia of the transverse humeral ligament and secondary bicipital tenosynovitis in a 10-year-old Bengal cat. Computed tomography revealed the presence of an osseous bridge enclosing the bicipital groove, with ultrasonography confirming partial tear and inflammation of the bicipital tendon. Initial conservative management with intra-articular long-acting steroids failed to provide long-term improvement of clinical signs. Surgical excision of the osseous lesion resulted in complete resolution of lameness after surgery, confirmed by a 1-year follow-up. Histopathology of this lesion confirmed a well-differentiated osseous metaplasia of the transverse humeral ligament.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e6-e10
      PubDate: 2022-02-25T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1742472
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 01 (2022)
       
  • Knee Joint Distraction in a Dog as Treatment for Severe Osteoarthritis

    • Authors: Teunissen; Michelle, Mastbergen, Simon C., Spoelman, Dennis C., Lafeber, Floris P., Ludwig, Irene S., Broere, Femke, Tryfonidou, Marianna A., Meij, Björn P.
      Abstract: Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common joint disease diagnosed in veterinary practice. There is no cure; where conservative treatment fails, a joint prosthesis is the last resort. In human OA patients, temporary distraction is a joint-preserving treatment which provides clinical and structural benefits, and postpones the need for total knee replacement for up to 9 years. In this single case, feasibility of knee joint distraction (KJD) was assessed in a 9-year-old female Dobermann with severe OA. Osteoarthritis of the left stifle joint was diagnosed clinically and radiographically. Knee joint distraction was applied for 7 weeks using a custom-made, hinged, external fixator. Follow-up of 1 year included owner questionnaires, orthopaedic examination, radiography, and force plate analysis. Additionally, synovial fluid biomarkers were assessed. Application and removal of the KJD frame were successfully accomplished without surgical complications. During KJD, the dog tolerated the frame well and maintained the use of the left hindlimb. Mild pin tract infection developed during the distraction period, which responded well to oral antibiotic medications. Owners reported clinical improvement during KJD and the follow-up period. This was confirmed by force plate analysis, demonstrating improvement from 3 months and onward. KJD proved to be a feasible strategy to treat end-stage OA in this single case; clinical efficacy remains to be determined in a larger cohort.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e11-e17
      PubDate: 2022-02-25T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1742471
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 01 (2022)
       
  • Deep Digital Flexor Contracture following Combined Tibial Plateau
           Levelling Osteotomy and Cranial Closing Wedge Ostectomy: A Case Report in
           a Dog

    • Authors: Price; Anya, Lopez, Daniel, Valenzano, Dominick, Frye, Christopher, Krotscheck, Ursula
      Abstract: This case report describes the use of a Z-plasty tenotomy and anastomosis to surgically lengthen the deep digital flexor (DDF) tendons of digits 2 to 5 of the pelvic limb in a 6-year-old male castrated Greyhound. The procedure was used to treat contracture of this tendon complex which developed after a series of complications secondary to proximal osteotomies utilized for the treatment of cranial cruciate ligament rupture. The dog was evaluated for lameness associated with left cranial cruciate ligament rupture and excessive tibial plateau slope; accordingly, a combined tibial plateau levelling osteotomy and cranial closing wedge ostectomy was performed. Postoperatively, the dog developed substantial DDF tendon contracture that led to severe digital hyperflexion and contributed to a non-weight bearing lameness. The dog received intensive rehabilitation therapy but failed to substantially improve; therefore, all of the weight-bearing left hindlimb DDF tendons were lengthened with a Z-plasty tenotomy and anastomosis followed by further rehabilitation. Follow-up evaluation 44 months postoperatively documented mild, intermittent left hindlimb lameness on gait observation and confirmed success of the Z-plasty procedure via ultrasonographic evaluation. Conservative treatment alone was unsuccessful in managing DDF tendon contracture in this dog. Z-plasty tenotomy and anastomosis of the DDF tendon allowed for return-to-acceptable function in this case.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e18-e24
      PubDate: 2022-02-15T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1742469
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 01 (2022)
       
  • Surgical Treatment of Congenital Radial Head Luxation in a Cat by
           Ostectomy of Radial Head

    • Authors: Verdese; Pauline, Manfredini, Sara, Formaggini, Luca
      Abstract: Congenital radial head luxation was diagnosed in a 7-month-old, neutered female cat that presented a right forelimb lameness. Clinical and radiographic examination revealed a caudolateral luxation of the right radial head, which was treated by radial head ostectomy. For months, postoperative radiographic recheck documented remodelling of the radial head, without humero-radial conflict, and clinical examination revealed resolution of lameness and restoring of the normal elbow range of motion. To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case report of a congenital radial head luxation in a caudolateral direction in a cat that was successfully managed surgically with radial head ostectomy.
      Citation: VCOT Open 2022; 05: e1-e5
      PubDate: 2022-02-04T00:00:00+0100
      DOI: 10.1055/s-0042-1742473
      Issue No: Vol. 05, No. 01 (2022)
       
 
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