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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 225 journals)
Showing 1 - 63 of 63 Journals sorted by number of followers
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 166)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Veterinary Record     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Veterinary Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Australian Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Small Animal Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Equine Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Veterinary Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
BMC Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Veterinary and Comparative Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
New Zealand Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Anthrozoos : A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People & Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Research in Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education     Partially Free   (Followers: 11)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Preventive Veterinary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Equine Veterinary Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Trends in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Veterinary Ophthalmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Veterinary Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Veterinary Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Veterinary Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Veterinary Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Veterinary Parasitology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Veterinary Nursing Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Veterinary Medicine International     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Irish Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Avian Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Animal Health Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Human & Veterinary Medicine - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Topics in Companion Animal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Zoonoses and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Australian Equine Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Veterinary Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
ILAR Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ethiopian Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Theriogenology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Veterinary Medicine and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Small Ruminant Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Research in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
New Zealand Veterinary Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Reproduction in Domestic Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
VCOT Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Veterinary Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Kenya Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Tropical Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Tanzania Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Abanico Veterinario     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Austral Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Livestock     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary Quarterly     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary Medicine: Research and Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary Science Development     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Veterinary Research Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Animal Health and Production     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chilean Journal of Agricultural & Animal Sciences     Open Access  
CES Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia     Open Access  
Veterinaria México OA     Open Access  
Compendio de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Veterinary Surgery     Open Access  
Ciencia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Nepalese Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Sri Lanka Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Salud y Tecnología Veterinaria     Open Access  
Veterinary Parasitology : X     Open Access  
Jurnal Medik Veteriner     Open Access  
Tierärztliche Praxis Ausgabe K: Kleintiere / Heimtiere     Hybrid Journal  
Tierärztliche Praxis Ausgabe G: Großtiere / Nutztiere     Hybrid Journal  
Van Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Rassegna di Diritto, Legislazione e Medicina Legale Veterinaria     Open Access  
Veterinaria (Montevideo)     Open Access  
SVU-International Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Matrix Science Medica     Open Access  
Veterinary Journal of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University / Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Analecta Veterinaria     Open Access  
Veterinarski Glasnik     Open Access  
Medicina Veterinária (UFRPE)     Open Access  
Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Revista de Ciência Veterinária e Saúde Pública     Open Access  
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Veterinary Parasitology : Regional Studies and Reports     Full-text available via subscription  
Revue Vétérinaire Clinique     Full-text available via subscription  
Folia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
FAVE Sección Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Wartazoa. Indonesian Bulletin of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Indonesia Medicus Veterinus     Open Access  
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Revista de Educação Continuada em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Revista Veterinaria     Open Access  
Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society     Open Access  
Bangladesh Veterinarian     Open Access  
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription  
Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi / Atatürk University Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
Nigerian Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Veterinária     Open Access  
Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde     Hybrid Journal  
Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access  
Macedonian Veterinary Review     Open Access  
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Revista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Perú     Open Access  
Revista Complutense de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Medical Mycology Case Reports     Open Access  
Veterinaria México     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista MVZ Córdoba     Open Access  
Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
InVet     Open Access  
Zeitschrift für Ganzheitliche Tiermedizin     Hybrid Journal  
team.konkret     Open Access  
pferde spiegel     Hybrid Journal  
kleintier konkret     Hybrid Journal  

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Veterinaria (Montevideo)
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0376-4362 - ISSN (Online) 1688-4809
Published by SciELO Homepage  [672 journals]
  • ¿Debemos dejar de vacunar contra Fiebre Aftosa en Uruguay' Una
           encuesta nacional a veterinarios

    • Abstract: Abstract: Veterinarians’ opinions are key to successfully implementing disease control programs. Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) has a significant economic impact due to animal production losses and trade restrictions. In 2010, PANAFTOSA defined a roadmap to FMD eradication in South America. Although Uruguay has implemented this plan by using mandatory vaccination since the last outbreak in 2001, vaccination restricts access to premium export markets. The objective of this study was to determine the perception of veterinarians involved in large animal disease control programs (accredited veterinarians) on a future FMD control stage without vaccination in Uruguay. Two hundred and fifty-six accredited veterinarians were surveyed between August and September 2018. Two strata were defined as follows: Stratum 1 (pre-FMD outbreak), veterinarians who enrolled in the University of the Republic in Uruguay before or in 2001 (N=708), and Stratum 2 (post-FMD outbreak) veterinarians who enrolled after 2001 (N=426). Data related to demographics, vaccination perceptions, and FMD-related experiences were collected through online and phone interviews. Logistic regressions were used to determine the association between demographic variables, FMD-related risk perceptions, and the willingness to stop FMD vaccination. 41.7% (± 4.2) and 29.4% (± 4.2) of veterinarians, for strata 1 or 2, respectively, were willing to stop vaccination. Veterinarians’ geographical region of work influenced this perception. The northeast area being more likely to support stopping vaccination (46.3 ± 5.8%) when compared to the South-center (39.2 ± 4.9%) and West (25.3 ± 5.0%). Accredited veterinarians are still hesitant to stop vaccination, presenting problems when implementing a non-vaccination stage.Resumen: Las opiniones de los veterinarios son clave para implementar con éxito los programas de control de enfermedades. La fiebre aftosa (FA) tiene un impacto económico significativo debido a las pérdidas de producción animal y las restricciones comerciales. En 2010, PANAFTOSA definió un Plan para la erradicación de FA en América del Sur. Aunque Uruguay ha implementado este plan mediante el uso de la vacunación obligatoria desde el último brote en 2001, la vacunación restringe el acceso a los mercados de exportación. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar la percepción de los veterinarios involucrados en grandes programas de control de enfermedades animales (veterinarios acreditados) sobre una futura etapa de fiebre aftosa sin vacunación en Uruguay. Se encuestó a 256 veterinarios acreditados entre agosto y septiembre de 2018. Se definieron dos estratos de la siguiente manera: Estrato 1 (pre-brote de fiebre aftosa), veterinarios ingresados a UdelaR en Uruguay antes o en 2001 (N = 708) y veterinarios del Estrato 2 (después del brote de fiebre aftosa) que ingresaron luego 2001 (N = 426). Los datos relacionados con la demografía, las percepciones de vacunación y las experiencias relacionadas con la fiebre aftosa se recopilaron a través de entrevistas telefónicas y en línea. Se utilizaron regresiones logísticas para determinar la asociación entre las variables demográficas, las percepciones del riesgo relacionado con la fiebre aftosa y la voluntad de suspender la vacunación contra la fiebre aftosa. El 41,7% (± 4,2) y el 29,4% (± 4,2) de los veterinarios, para los estratos 1 o 2, respectivamente, estaban dispuestos a suspender la vacunación. La región geográfica de trabajo de los veterinarios influyó en esta percepción. Es más probable que el área noreste apoye la interrupción de la vacunación (46,3 ± 5,8%) en comparación con el centro sur (39,2 ± 4,9%) y el oeste (25,3 ± 5,0%). Los veterinarios acreditados aún dudan en suspender la vacunación, presentando problemas a la hora de implementar una etapa de no vacunación.
       
  • Estudio retrospectivo de hallazgos ultrasonográficos en útero y ovarios
           de perras no preñadas para determinar la frecuencia de aparición de las
           principales patologías

    • Abstract: Resumen: En el presente estudio retrospectivo se buscó establecer la frecuencia de aparición en perras no preñadas de hallazgos ecográficos compatibles con patologías de útero y ovarios entre los años 2011 y 2017 en el Servicio de Imagenología del Hospital de pequeños animales de la Facultad de Veterinaria de la Universidad de la República, Uruguay. A su vez, estos datos fueron relacionados con signos clínicos e información de reseña y anamnesis de las pacientes para poder emitir una aproximación diagnóstica y de esta manera determinar la casuística de las distintas patologías en este período de tiempo y su relación con edad, peso, y estado reproductivo. Se determinó que de 6010 perras que consultaron en el hospital, a 2288 se les realizó ecografía y 299 tuvieron hallazgos compatibles con: piómetra, otras colectas uterinas (mucómetra, hidrómetra, hemómetra), hiperplasia endometrial quística, tumor de útero, patologías de muñón uterino, quiste ovárico/síndrome de ovario remanente o tumor ovárico. La patología que más se registró fue la piómetra con un 52,8%, seguida de quiste ovárico/ovario remanente con un 26,4% e hiperplasia endometrial quística con un 22,4%, luego en menor proporción por colecta uterina con un 16,7% y masa uterina, patologías de muñón uterino y masa ovárica representada con un 2,7% cada una. Asimismo, se estableció una fuerte relación de estas patologías con el estado reproductivo, encontrándose la mayoría de las mismas en perras enteras, se observó que se presentaban con mayor frecuencia en perras de más de 5 años, y no se pudo determinar una asociación con el peso.Abstract: In the present retrospective study, we sought to establish the frequency of occurrence in non-pregnant bitches of echographic findings compatible with pathologies of the uterus and ovaries between 2011 and 2017 in the Imaging Service of the Small Animal Hospital of the Facultad de Veterinaria - Universidad de la República, Uruguay. In turn, these data were related to clinical signs, review information and anamnesis of the patients to be able to issue a diagnostic approach. In this way, the casuistry of the different pathologies in this period of time and their relationship was determined with age, weight, and reproductive status. It was determined that out of 6010 bitches taken to the hospital, 2288 had an ultrasound study and 299 had findings compatible with: pyometra, other uterine collections (mucometer, hydrometer, hemometer), cystic endometrial hyperplasia, uterus tumor, pathologies of uterine stump, ovarian cyst / ovarian remnant syndrome or ovarian tumor. The pathology that was most recorded was pyometra with 52.8%, followed by ovarian cysts / ovarian remnant with 26.4% and cystic endometrial hyperplasia with 22.4%, followed in lesser proportion by uterine collection with a 16.7% and uterine mass, pathologies of uterine stump and ovarian mass represented with 2.7% each one. Likewise, a strong relationship between these pathologies was established with reproductive status, finding most of them in not neutered bitches, it was observed that they occurred more frequently in bitches over 5 years old, and an association with weight could not be determined.
       
  • Clostridioides (Clostridium) difficile en porcinos: caracterización,
           consideraciones epidemiológicas y resistencia a los antimicrobianos

    • Abstract: Resumen: Esta revisión tiene como principal objetivo sintetizar, reunir y resumir algunos aspectos relacionados con Clostridioides difficile y su papel como microbiota y patógeno en porcinos. C. difficile es una bacteria anaerobia, esporulada y uno de los principales agentes etiológicos de la diarrea asociada al uso de antibióticos. Los principales factores de virulencia son dos toxinas (A y B) que causan daños en el epitelio del colon cuando se presenta una disbiosis, generalmente producida por el uso de antibióticos. Se ha determinado que esta bacteria tiene una alta prevalencia en porcinos, principalmente en los primeros meses de vida del animal y además muchos de estos animales colonizados con cepas no toxigénicas de C. difficile. Sin embargo, también existen reportes de casos de gastroenteritis producidas por esta bacteria y posiblemente relacionada con el uso y abuso de los antibióticos, aunque las causas de estas infecciones en porcinos aún no están completamente claras y requiere de una mayor investigación. Uno de los genotipos de C. difficile que se aíslan en los cerdos es el RT028 y el cual también ha sido reportado produciendo brotes epidémicos en hospitales humanos, por lo que se ha postulado una posible zoonosis, aunque esta hipótesis no ha sido totalmente demostrada. Adicionalmente, la resistencia a los antimicrobianos en aislamientos de C. difficile en cerdos es considerable y se han reportado fenotipos multirresistentes, por lo que esta bacteria podría estar funcionando como un reservorio ecológico de genes de resistencia a los antimicrobianos. Finalmente, se considera la necesidad de establecer medidas para el uso racional de los antibióticos en las granjas porcinas y un sistema de vigilancia sobre los genotipos circulantes y la resistencia de C. difficile en cerdos.Abstract: The aim of this review is to synthesize, gather and summarize some aspects related to Clostridioides difficile and its role as microbiota and pathogen in pigs. C. difficile is an anaerobic, sporulated bacterium and one of the main etiological agents of diarrhea associated with the use of antibiotics. The main virulence factors are two toxins (A and B) that cause damage to the colon epithelium when a dysbiosis occurs, usually caused by antibiotics. It has been determined that this bacterium has a high prevalence in pigs, mainly in the first months of the animal's life and also many of these animals colonized with non-toxigenic strains of C. difficile. However, there are reports of gastroenteritis caused by this bacterium and possibly related to the use and abuse of antibiotics, although the causes of these infections in swine are not yet completely clear and require further investigation. RT028 is one of the most frequently isolated C. difficile genotypes in pigs, which has also been reported causing epidemic outbreaks in human hospitals; therefore, a possible zoonosis has been postulated, although this hypothesis has not been fully demonstrated. Additionally, high antimicrobial resistance of C. difficile isolates from pigs and multi-resistant phenotypes has been reported. Thus this bacterium could be functioning as an ecological reservoir of antimicrobial resistance genes. Finally, it is necessary to establish measures for the rational use of antibiotics in pig farms and a surveillance system on circulating genotypes and resistance of C. difficile in pigs.
       
  • Situación sanitaria de las abejas melíferas en Uruguay: novedades de la
           última década

    • Abstract: Resumen: En los últimos años, la apicultura en Uruguay se enfrenta con bajos rendimientos de producción de miel y pérdidas anuales de colonias que pueden alcanzar el 30%, estando los problemas sanitarios involucrados en buena parte de esta situación. A nivel mundial la investigación sobre los factores que amenazan a las poblaciones de abejas melíferas se ha ampliado, abarcando los problemas nutricionales, la respuesta inmune, la microbiota intestinal, la identificación de nuevos patógenos o variantes de los mismos, el efecto de los agroquímicos, y otros insectos que comparten patógenos con las abejas melíferas. Respecto a la varroosis la investigación se ha enfocado en las poblaciones de abejas sobrevivientes a Varroa destructor. En Uruguay, la investigación sobre salud de las abejas melíferas en los últimos 10 años ha sido muy prolífica abordando buena parte de los temas mencionados desde las condiciones particulares que presenta el país. Esta revisión sobre la situación sanitaria de las abejas melíferas en Uruguay se centra en resultados de investigaciones nacionales sobre las parasitosis y virosis más prevalentes, la identificación de un nuevo parásito, el efecto de la nutrición y el herbicida glifosato tanto en la microbiota intestinal como en la sanidad, el estudio de parásitos y virus de las abejas melíferas presentes en abejorros nativos del género Bombus, y la descripción de una enfermedad específica del país como es el Mal del Río. Se resalta la importancia de los diferentes resultados para la apicultura nacional y se ponen en contexto con la información internacional reciente.Summary: In recent years, beekeeping industry in Uruguay faces low honey production yields and annual colony losses that can reach 30%, and health problems are involved in much of this situation. Worldwide, research on the factors that threaten honey bee populations has expanded, encompassing nutritional problems, the immune response, the intestinal microbiota, identification of new pathogens or its variants, the effect of agrochemicals, and other insects that share pathogens with honey bees. Regarding varroosis, research has focused on the populations of bees surviving Varroa destructor. In Uruguay, research on the health of honey bees in the last 10 years has been very prolific, addressing a good part of the aforementioned issues taking into account the particular conditions that the country presents. This review on the health situation of honey bees in Uruguay focuses on the results of national research on the most prevalent parasitosis and virosis, the identification of a new parasite, the effect of nutrition and the herbicide glyphosate on the intestinal microbiota and on the health, the study of parasites and viruses of honey bees present in native bumblebees of the genus Bombus, and the description of the country-specific disease (River disease). The importance of the diverse results for national beekeeping is highlighted and put in context with recent international information.
       
  • Síndrome de Insuficiencia Adrenocortical en un caballo de resistencia

    • Abstract: Abstract: At last 5Km in the endurance competition a gelding (Australian Stock Horse) with 10-years-old showed poor performance and exhausted. On clinical examination the horse presented exhausted, depression, lethargy and anorexia. After start the treatment the horse death. On necropsy showed multiples hemorrhages in the adrenal cortex and renal cortical with papillary necrosis, acute tubular necrosis. Histopathology showed: hemorrhages in adrenal cortex, capsule thickening and atrophy cortical with coagulation necrosis of zona glomerulosa, coagulation necrosis focal zona fasciculata, only congestion of the zona reticularis. In conclusion, we report a case of adrenocortical insufficiency syndrome in a resistance horse with rapid development of clinical signs, without response to emergency treatment, confirmed with laboratory, necropsy and histopathology results.Resumen: En los últimos 5Km en la competencia de resistencia, un caballo castrado (Australian Stock Horse) con 10 años de edad mostró un rendimiento pobre y agotado. En el examen clínico el caballo presentaba agotamiento, depresión, letargo y anorexia. Luego de iniciar el tratamiento el caballo murió. En la necropsia se evidenciaron múltiples hemorragias en la corteza adrenal y zona cortical renal con necrosis papilar y necrosis tubular aguda. La histopatología mostró: hemorragias en la corteza adrenal, engrosamiento y atrofia de la cápsula cortical con necrosis por coagulación de la zona glomerulosa, necrosis por coagulación focal de la zona fasciculata y congestión de la zona reticularis. En conclusión, reportamos un caso de síndrome de insuficiencia adrenocortical en un caballo de resistencia con rápido desarrollo de signos clínicos, sin respuesta a tratamiento de emergencia, confirmado con resultados de laboratorio, necropsia e histopatología.
       
 
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