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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 225 journals)
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Veterinary Journal of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University / Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi
Number of Followers: 0  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2458-9268 - ISSN (Online) 2148-6239
Published by Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Homepage  [5 journals]
  • A case of multipyramidal kidneys with smooth surface in a New Zealand
           white rabbit

    • Authors: Kamelia STAMATOVA-YOVCHEVA; Rosen DIMITROV, Ömer Gürkan DİLEK, Nikolay TSANDEV, Genadi KOSTADİNOV, Anton RUSSENOV, Tsanko HRISTOV
      Abstract: The focus of the present study was to present a case of multilobar kidneys with smooth surface in one New Zealand white rabbit. It is well known that the kidneys of the rabbits are unipyramidal. During dissection it was found that there was an exception in one female animal which was clinically healthy and sexually matured, aged 8 months and with weight from 2.5 kg to 3.2 kg. After evisceration of both kidneys, and incision in the lateral borer of the fresh organs, it was found that the cortex and medulla were constructed by pyramidal shaped lobes. The apex of the lobes formed papillae and got up into calices into the real sinus. The renal pelvis was a concave structure. We conducted an imaging anatomical study. The anatomical preparations were studied in liquid isotonic medium, using ultrasound device with linear transducer. Thus we confirmed the results with these of the organs’ morphological features. The cortex with the fibrous capsule were hyperechoic, compared to the relatively hypoechoic image of the pyramidal lobes. The papillae forming the apex were outlined by the hyperechoic calices. The renal pelvis and hilus were hypoechoic findings. After fixation the kidneys in 10 % water solution of formalin the pyramidal shaped lobes were preserved and with well distinguished papillae. The calices protruded into the sinus. In all methods we found seven number of well-defined pyramidal shaped lobes.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Metabolic evaluation on Sakiz ewes with still and live births without
           etiological diagnosis

    • Authors: Feyyaz KAYA; Gökhan BOZKURT
      Abstract: In this study, it was aimed to compare the differences in the metabolic status of grazing ewes with live and stillbirth lambs for which no etiological infectious agent could be isolated. Group 1 (live and stillbirth lambs) and group 2 (live lambs) consisted of 20 multiparous Sakiz ewes. Blood samples were collected two times on the parturition day and the day fifteenth after parturition. In the first sampling time, triglyceride levels of group 2 were determined significantly (p<0.001) higher than group 1. In the second sampling time, levels of magnesium (p<0.05), total protein (P<0.01), cholesterol (p<0.01), and triglyceride (p<0.05) levels were found significantly higher in group 2 than group 1. However, significant decreases were observed in both calcium and triglyceride levels in group 2 between the two sampling times. The beta-hydroxybutyric acid (BHBA) (p<0.05) levels were found significantly higher in the second sampling time than in the first sampling time only in group 1. Unlike the BHBA levels, a significant decrease was determined in both cholesterol and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels (p<0.05) in group 1 as the lactation progressed. Finally, we concluded that the metabolic status of group 2 is better than group 1, and it is important to the evaluation and follow-up of the metabolism in ewes with stillbirth without any etiological diagnose that couldn’t be determined.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • An evaluation of the determination of attitudes and behaviors of
           veterinarians from a deontological perspective: Aydın province

    • Authors: Aysun KOÇ; Pınar AYVAZOĞLU DEMİR
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to determine the attitudes and behaviors of veterinarians registered in Aydın Chamber of Veterinarians in line with "deontological provisions". For this purpose, a questionnaire based on ethical issues was prepared according to a 5-point Likert scale. To the questions sent to 575 registered members of the Chamber and requested to be answered on a voluntary basis were responded by 82 participants. In the analysis of the data, the Cronbach alpha value was 0.80. In the factor analysis, it was determined that the questions were clustered in 3 factors (F1=wage, F2=professional attitude-behavior and F3=professional organizations). In the analysis, it was determined that the participants thought that veterinarians had negative attitudes about complying with the minimum wage specification, representing the profession and wearing work clothes during working hours (white coat, overalls, operation apron, etc.), professional defamation. On the other hand, it was determined that the participants thought that veterinarians had positive attitudes on issues such as serving according to their labor-price performance, empathizing with patients and their relatives, obeying the rules of prohibition of advertising, and respect for their professional experience. As a result, it was revealed that the concept of professional ethics should be given importance both in the education period and in-service training.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Afyonkarahisar ili Hocalar ilçesindeki küçükbaş hayvancılık
           işletmelerinin mevcut durumunun belirlenmesi

    • Authors: İsa SERTTAŞ; Aykut Asım AKBAŞ, Mehmet SARI
      Abstract: Bu çalışma, Afyonkarahisar ili Hocalar ilçesindeki küçükbaş hayvancılık işletmelerinin mevcut durumunu ortaya koymak amacıyla yapılmıştır. Araştırmanın verileri 16 köy ve beldede 105 küçükbaş işletmesinden yetiştiricilerle yüz yüze yapılan anketler ile elde edilmiştir. Ankete katılan yetiştiricilerin ortalama yaşı 48,47 olup, %75,20 oranıyla ilkokul mezunu oldukları tespit edilmiştir. İşletmelerindeki aile üyelerinin ortalama sayısı ile işletmelerin ortalama yaşı (yıl) sırasıyla 5,36 kişi ve 20,09 yıl olarak bulunmuştur. Araştırma kapsamında yetiştiricilerin genellikle ve eşit oranda (%45,70) yarı-açık ve kapalı barınak sistemlerini tercih ettikleri görülmüştür. Ağılların taban yapısının genel olarak topraktan oluştuğu (%74,30), çatı malzemesi olarak da kiremit (%72,40) kullanıldığı belirlenmiştir. İşletmelerde yemin, hayvanlara mera dışında sadece kış aylarında kaba ve konsantre yem olarak sırasıyla günlük 1,22 kg, 0,80 kg olarak veridiği saptanmıştır. Çalışmada, işletmelerde sağımdan önce hayvanların meme temizliğinin %48,40 oranıyla yapıldığı belirlenmiştir. Koyun ve keçilerin sütlerinin değerlendirilme şekli incelendiğinde, genel olarak sütün %70,50 oranında işlenerek peynir olarak satıldığı belirlenmiştir. Küçükbaş hayvancılıkla uğraşan yetiştiricilerin çok büyük bir kısmının (%93,30) bilgi desteği alma noktasında sıkıntılar yaşamadıkları ortaya konulmuştur. Bilgi desteği alınan kurumlar arasında en yüksek oran İlçe Tarım ve Orman Müdürlüğü’ne aittir (%35,40). Sonuç olarak, Afyonkarahisar ili Hocalar ilçesinde bilgi desteği alınsa da geleneksel yöntemlerin etkisinin hissedilmesi ve özellikle de işletmelerin çoğunda kayıt sistemi olmaması önemli sıkıntılar arasındadır. İşletmelerdeki mevcut sıkıntıların azaltılarak, üretimin istenilen noktalara gelmesinde küçükbaş sektörü paydaşlarının daha etkin rol alması gerektiği düşünülmektedir.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • The ameliorative effect of Acetylsalicylic acid plus Ascorbic acid against
           renal injury in Corn Syrup-fed rats

    • Authors: Şükriye YEŞİLOT; Halil AŞÇI, Meltem ÖZGÖÇMEN, Mustafa SAYGIN, İlkay ARMAĞAN, Ekrem ÇİÇEK
      Abstract: Dietary consumption of commercially prepared (often through processing) corn syrup can activate reactive oxygen species and the inflammatory pathways observed in kidney damage in humans and experimental animals. This study was designed to assess the effects of antioxidant properties of acetylsalicylic (ASA) and ascorbic acid (AA) on corn syrup (CS) induced renal injury. Forty male Sprague–Dawley rats (14–16 weeks) were randomly classified into 5 groups, each containing 8 rats: control group (C), CS group, CS+ASA group (ASA-10 mg/kg/day/po), CS+AA group (AA-200 mg/kg/day/po) and CS+ASA+AA group (combination treatment with ASA and AA doses). At the end of the experiment, blood and tissue samples were collected for biochemical, histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations. Malondialdehyde (p<0.001) levels were increased in the CS group compared with control group and were decreased in the ASA, AA and ASA+AA treated groups (p≤0.001 for all) compared with CS group. Catalase activities were decreased in the CS group (p≤0.001) compared with the control group (p<0.001) and significantly increased in AS+AA-treated group (p<0.001) compared with the CS group. Significant histopathological changes including tubular vacuoler degeneration, tubular dilatation, cortical and medullar haemorrhage, mononuclear cell infiltration, and increased inducible nitric oxide synthase and tumor necrosis factor-α staining were observed in the CS group. Combination theraphy reversed all these changes. The administration of ASA and AA for the treatment of kidney damage due to corn syrup consumption provides an ideal target for improving oxidative stress and potential therapeutic treatments.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Clinical and etiologically evaluation of cats with high-rise syndrome:
           assessment of 72 cases (A retrospective study)

    • Authors: Emine ÇATALKAYA; Semih ALTAN, Berna ERSÖZ KANAY, Sadık YAYLA, Nahit SAYLAK
      Abstract: Surgical problems observed in cats after falling from balconies or windows of buildings are significant, and this phenomenon of falling from a height is known as high-rise syndrome (HRS). The purpose of this study was to clinically evaluate frequently encountered cases of cats falling from a height.Overall, 72 cats of different breeds, ages and sexes brought to XXX University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Surgery, with complaints of falls from a height in 2019 were included.Falls from a height are more common during summer. Orthopaedic problems are common (58.33%), and femoral fractures (23.61%) constitute an important part of them. The affected cats were aged mostly under the 1 year. Furthermore, the survival rate of these cats was found to be 95.8%.In conclusion, the main purpose for the treatment of cats with HRS should be to stabilise their general condition and subsequently correct orthopaedic and/or soft tissue damage.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Molecular diagnosis of Felid Alphaherpesvirus 1 (FeHV-1) in cats and
           detecting the role of asymptomatic cats in the epidemiology of the
           infection

    • Authors: Yakup YILDIRIM; Seval Bilge DAĞALP, Fırat DOĞAN, Ali KÜÇÜK, Gülizar ACAR, Ramazan YILDIZ, Mehmet KALE, Sibel HASIRCIOĞLU, Kamil ATLI, Hasbi Sait SALTIK
      Abstract: Felid Alphaherpesvirus 1 (FeHV-1), one of the most common pathogens of cat respiratory system, mostly proceeds with symptoms such as fever, mucopurulent nasal flow, conjunctivitis and loss of appetite and might cause death especially in kittens following lower respiratory system infections. Transmission of the infection occurs via upper respiratory tract secret and excreta of acute and subclinically infected cats. In this study, FeHV-1 nucleic acid presence was searched using PCR technique in blood samples with EDTA taken from 112 cats, 55 females and 57 males, from different races, owned or stray, between 6-8 years of age, either healthy looking or showing clinical symptoms of respiratory system infection and phylogenetic tree was created by carrying out index analysis of positive samples. FeHV-1 nucleic acid was detected in 33.93% (38 / 112) of the tested samples. The positivity rate was 20.83% (5 / 24) in healthy looking cats while it was 37.50% (33 / 88) in cats with clinical symptoms. The fact that positivity rates were so close to each other for cats in both groups made us consider that healthy looking cats might play a role in factor scattering as well as acute infected ones. Positivity rates in sampled cats according to age and gender revealed that the infection could be seen in cats of all ages and gender and might be more common in cats under 1 year old.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Determination of antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of ethanolic
           extract from Suillus granulatus

    • Authors: Ali SOYUÇOK; Mahmut DOĞANTÜRK, Orhan YAVUZ, Cahit Burak KÜÇÜKİĞCİ, Ali KIYAK
      Abstract: In this study, Suillus spp. after determining the dry matter and protein amounts of the mushroom, the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the ethanolic extracts were investigated. Free radical scavenging activity was determined by DPPH method and phenolic content was determined by HPLC. Antimicrobial activity of Suillus spp. was determined against microorganisms that Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella Typhimurium, Listeria monocytogenes and Pseudomonas florescens microorganisms. Suillus mushroom had a antioxidant activity and It was determined that the phenolic components with the highest amount of phenolic acid were ellagic acid, caffeic acid and gentisic acid, respectively. It was stated that Suillus extract inhibited the growth of S. aureus and E. coli, while suppressing the growth of S. Typhimurium, L. monocytogenes and P. florescens.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
  • Administration of progesterone and gonatotropin after breeding and
           determination of pregnancy rates in Saanen goats

    • Authors: Mahmut İBİŞ; Ali Reha AĞAOĞLU
      Abstract: Seventy percent of the embryonic losses after synchronization out of breeding season in goats are originated due to luteal insufficiency. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of administrations of GnRH or progesterone after mating on pregnancy rates during anestrus season. A total of 30 heads of Saanen goats were used during the anestrus season, with no infertility problems. The goats are randomly divided into 3 groups. Synchronization program was applied by using intravaginal device containing progesterone (CIDR®) in all groups and mated in bucks. In G1 (n = 10) no application was performed after mating. In G2 (n=10) buserelin injections were made on the 12th day after the last mating. In G3 (n = 10), CIDR® was applied for 5 days on 5th day after last mating. Blood samples were taken at 12th and 30th days after mating from all goats and 30th day pregnancy examinations were performed. There was no difference between the groups in terms of pregnancy rates (p> 0.05), when the progesterone values were examined in blood samples taken at 12th and 30th days in each group; no statistically significant difference was found in any group except G2. The progesterone values measured in G2 on the 30th day were statistically different from the values measured in G1 and G3 (p
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 00:00:00 +030
       
 
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