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Jurnal Medika Veterinaria
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0853-1943 - ISSN (Online) 2503-1600
Published by Universitas Syiah Kuala Homepage  [19 journals]
  • Effect of Temperature and Storage Time on The Quality of Quail Egg
           (Coturnix coturnix japonica)

    • Authors: Siti Rani Ayuti, Monita Previa Alasa, Rastina Rastina, Hennivanda Hennivanda, Muhammad Hambal, Abbas Abbas
      Abstract: Many people favor quail eggs because they contain good nutrients, and are easy to obtain at an affordable price. This research was conducted to study the effect of temperature and storage time on the quality of quail eggs. The samples in this study were 66 quail eggs which were divided into two groups, the first group (33 eggs) was stored at 27oC, and the second group (33 eggs) was kept at 5oC. This study used a completely randomized design with two factors, temperature and storage time. The observation was carried out on days 1, 7, 13, 19, 25, and 31 with triplicates. The parameters used in this study were air sac height, egg yolk index, white egg index, and Haugh Unit (HU). This study showed that temperature and storage time affected the quality of quail eggs. Eggs stored at 27oC showed a quality decrease indicated by higher air sac position, and lower egg yolk index and egg white index. Eggs kept at 5oC showed no significant degradation. The HU for both groups ranged between 76-81 which implied that the eggs had AA quality even after 31 days of storage.
      PubDate: 2022-07-14
      DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v15i2.26918
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
  • 6.Detection of Escherichia coli Contamination in Vaname Shrimp
           (Litopenaues vannamei) at Fish Auction Place (TPI) Lampulo Banda Aceh

    • Authors: Wilyo Hendro Fauzan, Wahyu Eka Sari, Andi Novita, Faisal Jamin, Razali Daud5, Rastina Rastina, Safika Safika
      Abstract: Shrimp is an easily polluted material, so it requires good handling. Contamination can occur during harvest, handling, or transportation. This study aims to detect Escherichia coli contamination in vaname shrimp sold at TPI Lampulo Banda Aceh. A total of 10 samples of vaname shrimp were obtained from 10 merchants at TPI Lampulo. The research method used is observational, and the data analysis is done descriptively. The detection of E. coli contamination was carried out by the total plate count (TPC) test method. Based on the study results, two of the 10 samples of vaname shrimp merchant detected E. coli bacterial contamination, namely the results of sample 01 merchant indicated the number of TPC 2x102 CFU/g and in 09 merchants indicated the number of TPC 11x101 CFU/g. The TPC results were indicated by the growth of E. coli colonies on eosin methylene blue agar (EMBA) media after incubation for 24 hours at 37 ºC. The number of the two detected positive samples showed less than 1x103 CFU/g by the provisions of SNI 2332.3:2015. Thus, it can be concluded that E. coli contamination was detected in vaname shrimp sold by the merchant at TPI Lampulo but did not exceed the SNI threshold, so it was safe for consumption.
      PubDate: 2022-05-28
      DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v15i2.26075
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
  • 5. Hematological Changes in Rattus Norvegicus infected with Trypanosoma
           evansi after Administration of Ethanol Extract of Phyllanthus Emblica

    • Authors: Dina Maulidya Siregar, Nuzul Asmilia, Yudha Fahrimal, Abdullah Hamzah, M. Hasan, Razali Daud, M. Isa, Dasrul Dasrul, Cut Nila Thasmi, Priyo Sambodo
      Abstract: This research aims to determine the value of erythrocyte, hemoglobin, and hematocrit of white rats (Rattus norvegicus) infected with Trypanosoma evansi and given ethanol extract of Malacca leaves (Phyllanthus emblica). The animals used in this study were 20 male rats. All rats were randomly divided into 5 treatment groups, each group consisting of 4 rats. The negative control group (K0) without T. evansi infection and without malacca leaf ethanol extract, the positive control group (K1) was infected with T. evansi without giving malacca leaf ethanol extract, the treatment group K2, K3, K4 were infected with T.evansi and were given ethanol extract Malacca leaf with doses of 300mg/kg BW, 600mg/kg BW, and 900mg/kg BW, respectively. The extract was given orally for 3 consecutive days. On the fourth day, blood was drawn for all groups through the orbital vein with a hematocrit pipette after administration of 0,2 ml Ketamin. Then the erythrocyte, hemoglobin, and hematocrit values were calculated using a hematology analyzer. The mean (± SD) erythrocyte values (106 / µl) were 7.66 ± 0.10, respectively; 2.65 ± 0.24; 4.56 ± 0.91; 6.58 ± 0.10; 5.86 ± 0.27; hemoglobin (g / dl) were 13.64 ± 0.26, respectively; 4.67 ± 0.13; 8.38 ± 0.72; 11.25 ± 0.58; 9.55 ± 0.56, the hematocrit (%) were 40.97 ± 0.67, respectively; 28.27 ± 0.76; 30.44 ± 0.48; 37.70 ± 0.40; 34.06 ± 0.17. The results showed that administration of ethanol extract of malacca leaves at a dose of 600mg/kg BB had a significant effect in maintaining the value of erythrocytes, hemoglobin, and hematocrit of white rats that had been infected with Trypanosoma evansi.
      PubDate: 2022-04-25
      DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v15i2.23917
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
  • 4. Case Study: Gallstones (Cholelithiasis) in Long-tailed Macaques (Macaca

    • Authors: J. Susilo, B. Tri Wibowo, Y. Tinasari, M. Nur Salim, Dian Masyitha, Erdiansyah Rahmi, M. Isa, Herialfian Herialfian, Fakhrurrazi Fakhrurrazi, T. Fadrial Karmil, Fadli A. Gani
      Abstract: The purpose of this case study is to diagnose the cause of death of the long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis). Two cadaver of Macaca fascicularis were received by the Lampung Veterinary Center from a customer. Necropsy was carried out at the Pathology Laboratory of the Lampung Veterinary Center by observing macroscopic changes. The samples taken were then observed by gram staining in the Bacteriology laboratory and hematoxylin-eosin staining at the Pathology laboratory. The results of macroscopic observations showed an enlarged gallbladder with a length of 4 cm and a width of 2 cm, blackish in color. Gallbladder surgery found 15 gallstones measuring 2 mm in diameter, brownish-colored bile, fibrin clots, and blood. The native gram stain of bile showed several types of rod-shaped bacteria form and gram-negative cocci (eosinophilic), and gram-positive rods (basophilic). Specific histopathological changes in the ductus choleductus are multifocal neutrophil inflammatory cell infiltration, enlarged gallbladder lumen filled with multi-bacterial, cell debris, fibrin, and erythrocytes. Multifocal hepatitis occurs by neutrophils, multibacterial, and fibrin. It can be concluded that the causes of death of Macaca fascicularis were cholelithiasis and hepatitis.
      PubDate: 2022-03-14
      DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v15i2.25204
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
  • 3. Malignant Testicular Neoplasia in Male Pig with Scrotal Hernia and
           Testicular Cyst: A Case Report

    • Authors: Gunanti Gunanti, Dwi Utari Rahmiati, Harits Abdullah Munir, Tytha Nadhifa Winarto, Septi Nurcholida Sari, Himah Nuradilah, Dina Zuhdina Rahman
      Abstract: A 4 month old male pig weighing 18.5 kg has enlarged testes. The mass in the scrotum is enlarge rapidly within 1 month, there is no known castration history of this animal. Pigs have a fairly good appetite, but have persistent diarrhea. Physical and supporting examinations (radiography, ultrasonography, hematology and blood chemistry) were performed. Radiographic results showed radiopaque nodules in the lungs, gas distension in the fundus and intestines that were imaged radiolucently, and radiopaque masses in the testis-scrotum. Based on the results of ultrasonography, it is known that the bladder is surrounded by intestinal organs and some anechoic areas are seen on the sonogram of the testes. Hematological and blood chemistry data obtained showed that the animals had hypochromic anemia, decreased ALP values, and had leukocytosis. The results of the investigations carried out were not clear enough to determine the cause of the enlargement of the pig's testicles, so a surgical approach was carried out with a dubius-infausta prognosis. The results of this approach were adjusted with the results of the previous investigations and concluded that the pigs had malignant testicular neoplasia, scrotal hernia, and testicular cyst.
      PubDate: 2022-02-10
      DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v15i2.22105
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
  • 1. Identification of Endoparacytes in the Feses of Bird White-Rumped Shama
           (Copsychus malabaricus) Kept By Bird Lovers in The Pariaman City, West

    • Authors: Lian Varis Riandi, M. Ikral, Yudha Fahrimal
      Abstract: Bird White-Rumped Shama (Copsychus malabaricus) is one of the many singing birds with many lovers. Like other animals, both free-living and chage, white-rumped shama can be attacked by diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, and endoparasites. This study aims to identify the types of endoparasites in white-rumped shama kept by bird lovers in City of Pariaman, totaling 50 white-rumped shama from bird lovers in City of Pariaman. This research was conducted at the Parasitology Laboratory of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Universitas Syiah Kuala. Samples were examined using the floating method, the Borray sedimentation method, the formol-ether sedimentation method, and the Ziehl-Neelsen fast acid modification. From the examination results using the floating method, eggs were obtained from two types of endoparasitic worms, namely Heterakis sp. and Capillaria sp. In examining the modified Borray sedimentation method, the formol-ether sedimentation method and the modified Ziehl-Neelsen fast acid method, no eggs of nematodes, trematodes and cestodes were found. This study showed that 5 out of white rumped shama feces samples were infected with endoparasites. The types of endoparasites found from the white-rumped shama kept by bird lovers in Pariaman are nematodes of the genus Heterakis sp. and Capillaria sp. Based on the research results, it can be concluded that the white-rumped shama kept by bird lovers in City of Pariaman is infected with endoparasites.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v15i2.24526
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
  • 2. The Effect Of The Addition Of Palm Kernel And Ammoniated Lemongrass
           Waste (Cymbopogon Nardus) On The Quality Of Fresh Semen Of Thin Tailed
           Sheep As A Partial Replacement Of Basal Feed

    • Authors: Fitrah Khairi, Cut Islami Dini, Cut Intan Novita, Siti Rani Ayuti
      Abstract: In this study, three sheep aged two years old with a bodyweight of 20-25 kg were used. The treatments consisted of R1 (10% palm kernel cake and ammoniated citronella waste), R2 (20% oil palm kernel cake and ammoniated citronella waste) and R3 (30% oil palm kernel cake and ammoniated citronella waste). Research design used was Latin Square Design with three treatments and three replications. The parameters of semen observed were macroscopic and microscopic quality which included color, odor, volume, consistency, pH, concentration, mass movement and individual motility. The results showed that the administration of palm kernel cake with concentrations of 10%, 20%, and 30% and ammoniated citronella waste had no significant effect (P>0.05) on the quality of fresh thin-tailed sheep's semen both macroscopically and microscopically. The semen had an average volume of 0.62 ml, creamy in color, had a characteristic as semen odor, thick in consistency and has a normal pH of 6.89. Microscopically, it had average concentration of 1809x106/ml, average mass movement of ++, and  average individual motility of 57.57%. Based on the results, the administration of palm kernel cake and ammoniated citronella waste does not affect the quality of the fresh semen of thin-tailed sheep, both macroscopically and microscopically.
      PubDate: 2022-01-27
      DOI: 10.21157/j.med.vet..v15i2.24563
      Issue No: Vol. 15, No. 2 (2022)
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