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Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.793
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2055-1169
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • Feline intralenticular Encephalitozoon cuniculi: three cases from
           California

    • Authors: Joie Lin, Barbara Nell, Taemi Horikawa, Mitzi Zarfoss
      Abstract: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports, Volume 8, Issue 2, July-December 2022.
      Case series summaryThree domestic shorthair cats from California presented to veterinary ophthalmologists with immature cataracts. Other presenting clinical signs included corneal edema, anisocoria, anterior uveitis, elevated intraocular pressure, blepharospasm and/or lethargy. All patients were immunocompromised due to concurrent diseases and/or immunomodulatory drugs. Diagnostics included serial comprehensive ophthalmic examinations with tonometry, ocular ultrasound, electroretinogram and testing for other causes of feline uveitis. Testing for Encephalitozoon cuniculi included serology, histopathology and/or PCR of aqueous humor, lens material or paraffin-embedded whole eye. Treatments included antiparasitic medication, anti-inflammatory medication and supportive care in all three cases. Surgical treatment included enucleation (one case), bilateral phacoemulsification and unilateral intraocular lens placement (one case) and bilateral phacoemulsification with bilateral endolaser ciliary body ablation and bilateral intraocular lens implantation (one case). Both cats for which serologic testing for E cuniculi was performed were positive (1:64–1:4096). In all cats, diagnosis of intraocular E cuniculi was based on at least one of the following: lens histopathology or PCR of aqueous humor, lens material or paraffin-embedded ocular tissue. The clinical visual outcome was best in the patient undergoing phacoemulsification at the earliest stage of the cataract.Relevance and novel informationEncephalitozoon cuniculi should be considered as a differential cause of cataracts and uveitis in cats in California, the rest of the USA and likely worldwide.
      Citation: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports
      PubDate: 2022-08-02T10:51:44Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20551169221106721
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Caval chemodectoma in a cat

    • Authors: Irene Martinez, Daniel Brockman, Katarzyna Purzycka
      Abstract: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports, Volume 8, Issue 2, July-December 2022.
      Case summaryAn 11-year-old male neutered domestic shorthair cat was presented with a 4-week history of an intermittent cough and dyspnoea. A pleural effusion was identified, which was confirmed as chyle. Echocardiography and CT revealed a 16 mm mass cranial to the heart, which was invading the cranial vena cava. Because of the location of the mass, it was assumed that chylothorax had developed as a result of direct disruption of the thoracic duct by the tumour or secondarily to central venous hypertension. An exploratory thoracotomy was performed, and the mass, which originated within the wall of the cranial vena cava, was excised with narrow gross margins. Histopathology and immunohistochemistry were consistent with a chemodectoma with residual tumour cells at the surgical margin. Given the residual microscopic disease, adjuvant treatment with toceranib phosphate was initiated. The cat remained well for the duration of treatment and was euthanased 31 months after diagnosis when CT identified recurrent pleural effusion, a heart base mass with cranial vena cava and azygos vein invasion.Relevance and novel informationChemodectomas are rare in cats, with only 13 cases reported in the literature to date, and all were located in either the aortic or carotid body. The reported survival with partial resection and/or subtotal pericardiectomy was 13–19 months. Treatment of feline chemodectomas with toceranib phosphate has not been previously reported. To our knowledge, this is the first description of the surgical management of a feline vena cava chemodectoma, combined with adjuvant toceranib phosphate, resulting in a prolonged survival.
      Citation: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports
      PubDate: 2022-07-05T07:00:47Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20551169221106990
      Issue No: Vol. 8, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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