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Jurnal Agripet
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1411-4621 - ISSN (Online) 2460-4534
Published by Universitas Syiah Kuala Homepage  [19 journals]
  • Gayo Buffalo Maintenance Management Viewed from the Technical Aspect of
           Maintenance in Gayo Lues Regency

    • Authors: Zikri Maulina Gaznur, Budi Afriandi, Hendra Koesmara
      Pages: 127 - 132
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Gayo Lues Regency, Aceh Province is a very potential area for the development of buffalo. This study aims to determine the application of technical aspects of buffalo breeding in Gayo Lues which is expected to be a reference for local governments regarding genetic quality improvement of Gayo buffalo conservation programs to maintain population growth of one of the national germplasms. This research was conducted in Gayo Lues Regency covering two sub-districts, Blangkejeren and Dabun Gelang. This study uses a qualitative method by conducting a simple random sampling survey of 54 buffalo farmers. The number of samples was determined by the Slovin formula, the criteria for breeders to maintain at least 5 buffaloes. The research data is processed by calculating the percentage and then compared with the standard by Minister of Agriculture Regulation (2006). The results showed that the score of the application of the technical aspects of keeping buffaloes obtained in Gayo Lues was 55.96% including the application of the technical aspects of breeding and reproduction 62.39%, food 41.47%, maintenance management 57.20%, health 61, 71% and housing 73.40%. It can be concluded that the implementation of technical aspects of buffalo maintenance in Gayo Lues Regency is still not good enough.  (Manajemen pemeliharaan kerbau Gayo ditinjau dari aspek teknis pemeliharaan di Kabupaten Gayo Lues) ABSTRAK. Kabupaten Gayo Lues, Provinsi Aceh merupakan wilayah yang sangat potensial untuk pengembangan ternak kerbau. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penerapan aspek teknis pemeliharaan ternak kerbau di Kabupaten Gayo Lues yang diharapkan bisa menjadi acuan pemerintah daerah mengenai peningkatan mutu genetik dan pengembangan program pelestarian kerbau Gayo secara berkelanjutan untuk menjaga keberlangsungan pertumbuhan populasi salah satu plasma nutfah nasional. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Gayo Lues meliputi dua kecamatan yaitu Blangkejeren dan Dabun Gelang. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan melakukan survei secara simple random sampling terhadap 54 peternak kerbau. Jumlah sampel ditentukan dengan rumus Slovin dan kriteria peternak memelihara minimal 5 ekor ternak kerbau. Data hasil penelitian diolah dengan menghitung persentase lalu dibandingkan dengan standar yang ditetapkan Peraturan Menteri Pertanian (2006). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa skor penerapan aspek teknis pemeliharaan ternak kerbau yang diperoleh di Kabupaten Gayo Lues adalah 55,96% diantaranya penerapan aspek teknis pemuliaan dan reproduksi 62,39%, makanan 41,47%, tatalaksana pemeliharaan 57,20%, kesehatan 61,71%, dan kandang dan peralatan 73,40%. Hal tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan aspek teknis pemeliharaan kerbau di Kabupaten Gayo Lues masih belum cukup baik.
      PubDate: 2022-10-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v22i2.24301
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Karakteristik Mikroorganisme, pH dan Unsur Hara Urin Sapi Perah di Daerah
           Bogor, Jawa Barat

    • Authors: Ely Vebriyanti, Irma Isnafia Arief, Salundik Salundik, Panca Dewi
      Pages: 133 - 140
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis karakteristik mikroorganisme, pH, dan unsur hara pada urin sapi perah sebagai bahan dasar pembuatan biourin di daerah Bogor, Jawa Barat. Sampel penelitian ini adalah urin sapi perah hasil pengambilan urin pada waktu pagi dan sore. Umur sapi perah yang menjadi sampel penelitian adalah 3-4 tahun. Variabel dalam penelitian ini adalah mikroba, bakteri asam laktat (BAL), khamir, bakteri nitrifikasi, pH, NH4, kadar carbon (C), kadar phosfor (P), kadar nitrogen (N), kadar kalium (K), kadar besi (Fe) dam kadar tembaga (Cu). Hasil Penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengambilan urin sapi pada pagi dan sore tidak pengaruh nyata terhadap total mikroba, total bakteri asam laktat, total kapang khamir, total bakteri nitrifikasi, pH, NH4, kadar phosfor (P), kadar nitrogen (N), kadar kalium (K), kadar besi (Fe) dam kadar tembaga (Cu). Kesimpulan penelitian ini adalah waktu pengambilan urin sapi pada pagi dan sore hari memberikan pengaruh nyata terhadap kadar C namun tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap kadar K, kadar N, kadar Fe dan kadar Cu. Urin dengan waktu pengambilan pagi hari mengandung kadar C yang lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan urin pengambilan sore. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa urin sapi pagi dan sore atau gabungan urin pagi dan sore dapat digunakan sebagai bahan dasar pembuatan biourin sebagai pupuk organic cair.  (Characteristics of microorganisme, macro and micro nutrients of dairy cattle urine at Bogor, West Java) ABSTRAK. This study aimed to analyze the characteristics of microorganisme pH and nutrients in the urine of dairy cows as the basic ingredients for making biourin in the Bogor area, West Java. The sample of this research is dairy cow urine with urine collection in the morning and evening. The age of the dairy cows in the research sample was 3-4 years. The parameters in this study were microbes, lactic acid bacteria (LAB), yeasts, nitrifying bacteria, pH, NH4, levels of carbon (C), levels of phosphorus (P), levels of nitrogen (N), levels of potassium (K), levels of iron ( Fe) and copper content (Cu). The results showed that the collection of cow urine in the morning and evening did not have a significant effect on total microbes, total lactic acid bacteria, total yeast molds, total nitrifying bacteria, pH, NH4, , phosphorus (P), levels of nitrogen (N), potassium content (K), iron content (Fe) and copper content (Cu). The conclusion of this study is that the time of taking cow urine in the in the morning and evening has a significant effect on K levels, N levels, Fe levels and Cu levels, urine taken in the morning contains higher levels of C than Urine taken in the afternoon. This shows that morning and evening cow urine or a combination of morning and evening urine can be used as the basic material for making biourine as liquid organic fertilizer.
      PubDate: 2022-10-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v22i2.19844
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Perbedaan Keberhasilan Inseminasi Buatan Menggunakan Metode Dosis Tunggal
           dan Ganda pada Sapi Madura

    • Authors: Khairul Rasyad, Aulia Puspita Anugra Yekti, Kuswati Kuswati, Trinil Susilawati
      Pages: 141 - 146
      Abstract: ABSTRACT. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengevaluasi keberhasilan IB menggunakan metode dosis tunggal dan ganda pada sapi Madura. Penelitian menggunakan 25 ekor dengan metode IB dosis tunggal dan 25 ekor dengan metode IB dosis ganda. IB menggunakan semen beku sapi Madura yang diproduksi oleh Balai Besar Inseminasi Buatan (BBIB) Singosari, Malang. Teknik deposisi semen adalah 4+ (deep insemination) yaitu pada posisi cornua uteri selanjutnya dilakukan IB dosis tunggal (jam ke-8 setelah menunjukkan tanda-tanda berahi) dan IB dosis ganda (jam ke-2 dan ke-8 setelah menunjukkan tanda-tanda berahi). Akseptor diinjeksi dengan Bio ATP+ merek “Rheinbio” 10 ml per ekor dan pemberian pakan konsentrat merek “Novo NC62” 1 kg per ekor per hari selama tujuh hari setelah IB. Variabel penelitian meliputi Non Return Rate (NRR), Conception Rate (CR), dan Service Per Conception (S/C). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa IB dosis tunggal menghasilkan nilai NRR 1 sebesar 92%, NRR 2 sebesar 80%, CR sebesar 60%, dan S/C sebesar 1,71. Sedangkan pada IB dosis ganda menghasilkan nilai NRR 1 sebesar 92%, NRR 2 sebesar 84%, CR sebesar 68%, dan S/C sebesar 1,53. Kesimpulan penelitian adalah nilai NRR, CR, dan S/C pada sapi Madura dengan IB dosis ganda lebih baik daripada dengan IB dosis tunggal, dan IB dosis ganda dapat meningkatkan conception rate pada sapi Madura.  (The success different of artificial insemination using single and double dosage method of Madura cows) ABSTRAK. This study aims to evaluate the success of AI using methods single and double dosage plus in Madura cows. The study used 25 Madura cow using the AI method single dosage and 25 Madura cow using the AI method double dosage. AI uses frozen semen from Madura cows produced by the Singosari Center for Artificial Insemination. The semen deposition technique is 4+ (deep insemination) in the cornua uteri position then AI implemented with a single dosage (8th hours after showing signs of estrus) and double dosage (2nd and 8th hours after showing signs of estrus). The acceptors were injected with 10 ml of "Rheinbio'' brand Bio ATP+ per cow and 1 kg of concentrate "Novo NC62" brand per cow per day was given for seven days after IB. Research variables include Non Return Rate (NRR), Conception Rate (CR), and Service Per Conception (S/C). The results showed that AI of single dosage had value NRR 1 of 92%, NRR 2 of 80%, CR of 60%, and S/C of 1.71. While AI of double dosage had value NRR 1 of 92%, NRR 2 of 84%, CR of 68%, and S/C of 1.53. In conclusion, the value of NRR, CR, and S/C in Madura cows with AI double dosage was better than AI single dosage, and AI double dosage could increase the conception rate in Madura cows.
      PubDate: 2022-10-01
      DOI: 10.17969/agripet.v22i2.24532
      Issue No: Vol. 22, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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