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Revista Ciencias Veterinarias
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0250-5649 - ISSN (Online) 2215-4507
Published by Universidad Nacional Costa Rica Homepage  [25 journals]
  • Bottom board trap as an alternative in the integrated control of the mite
           Varroa destructor in Africanized honey bee colonies

    • Authors: Rafael A. Calderón-Fallas, Fernando Ramírez-Arias, Luis Sánchez-Chaves
      Pages: 1 - 13
      Abstract: The effectiveness of the bottom board trap to control the mite Varroa destructor in Africanized honey bee colonies was evaluated from June to September 2017 in Atenas, Alajuela. Naturally fallen mites were collected during a 30-day period with a bottom board trap, which consisted of a wooden bottom (50 x 42 cm) modified with a metal lattice and a screen of six holes per cm2. A white piece of cardboard previously gridded and coated with a thin layer of Vaseline to help count the number of fallen mites was placed inside the trap. The cardboard was replaced every seven days. After 30 days, the remaining mites were eliminated, and the effectiveness of the method was determined by applying four strips of flumethrin to each hive for six weeks. Furthermore, the mortality of the different Varroa stages in a sealed (operculated) worker brood was evaluated. Naturally fallen Varroa mites were 715 ± 531 (n= 5) during a 30-day period. Mite mortality occurred mainly during day 22 with 335 ± 285, whereas the lowest number was collected on day one with 30 ± 13 mites. After applying flumethrin, mite mortality was 2072 ± 1874. The above allows us to establish that the number of mites that fell naturally and those eliminated from the hive by means of the bottom trap corresponded to 25.7%. In addition, it was determined that Varroa mortality in capped worker brood cells was less than 10.0%. In conclusion, the bottom board trap eliminated more than a quarter of the mites in the beehives; consequently, this method may be considered as an alternative in the integrated Varroa management in Africanized honey bees.
      PubDate: 2023-07-01
      DOI: 10.15359/rcv.41-2.1
      Issue No: Vol. 41, No. 2 (2023)
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