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Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0126-4400 - ISSN (Online) 2407-876X
Published by Universitas Gadjah Mada Homepage  [48 journals]
  • The Effect of Adding Various Levels of Bokashi from Gliricidia Leaves and
           Goat Faeces on the Growth, Production and Chemical Composition of
           Arbila’s (Phaseolus lunatusL.) Forage

    • Authors: Bernadete Barek Koten, Redempta Wea, Rosalin Kana Tiry, Seni Otto, Apriana Wasti Belandina Selan, Welius Yikwa, Allan Prima Titong
      Pages: 72 - 76
      Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of adding various levels of bokashi from gliricidia leaves and goat faeces on the growth, production and chemical composition of arbila's forage, has been carried out for 5 months, was designed with completely randomized, 4 treatments with 5 replica tions, consisting of P0: without bokashi, P5: 5 tons bokashi/ha, P10: 10 tons bokashi/ha, and P15: 15 tons bokashi/ha. Variables measured were number of root nodules, percentage of effective nodules, nitrogen uptake, stem diameter, increase in number of leaves, stem and leaf ratio, forage production (fresh, dry matter (DM), organic matter (OM) and crude protein (CP), and chemical composition. Data were analyzed by variance analysis and followed by Duncan's test. Result of the research, the treatment had a very significant effect (P<0.01) on the increase number of leaves, OM dan CP forage productions. Futhermore, had asignificant effect (P<0.05) on the number of root nodules, nitrogen uptake, stem diameter, fresh and DM forage productions, content of DM, OM, CP, crude fiber (CF), nitrogen free extract (NFE), and ash, but did not affect on percentage of effective nodules, stem and leaf ratio, and extract ether (EE) content of forage. Duncan's test showed that the P15 produced the highest number of root nodules, N uptake, leaf growth, fresh, DM, OM and CP production, and the content of OM, CP, NFE in arbila's forage. It was concluded that this bokashi can improve the growth, production and chemical composition of arbila's forage and the best level is 15 tons bokashi/ha.

      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i2.72519
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
  • Macronutrient Digestibilities and Enzyme Activities in Rumen Fluid
           Supplemented by Protein-Energy Synchronized Index-Based Rations

    • Authors: Afduha Nurus Syamsi, Harwanto Harwanto, Hermawan Setyo Widodo, Yusuf Subagyo
      Pages: 77 - 83
      Abstract: The protein-energy  synchronized  (PES)  index-based  rations  can  optimize microbial  protein  synthesis  (MPS)   and   affect   enzyme   activity   and  macronutrient digestibility of ration in rumen fluid. This study aimed to examine the in vitro effect of a ration based on PES index on macronutrient digestibility and enzyme activity in rumen fluid. The research was conducted experimentally, consisting of 4 treatment rations with different  PES  indexes  (R1:  0.55;  R2:  0.6;  R3:  0.65;  R4:  0.7).  Each  treatment  was repeated 5 times, so there were 24 experimental units. The material used was the rumen fluid of the Jawa Randu Goat, which was taken at the Sokaraja Slaughterhouse shortly after  the  goat  was  slaughtered.  Each  ration consisted  of  napier  grass,  river  tamarind, coconut  meal, soybean  dregs,  rice  bran,  cassava  waste,  and  mineral  mix.  The  results showed  that  the  PES  index  significantly  affected  (P<0,01)  the  digestibility  of  protein (A),  fiber  (B),  and  fat  (C),  as  well  as  the  activity  of  protease  (D)  and  cellulase  (E) enzymes.  Theorthogonal  polynomial  test  showed  that  the  PES  index  has  a  quadratic effect on all test parameters with the following equation: A (Y= -1229.5X2 + 1540.6X -457.57; R2= 0.75), B (Y = -800.95X2+ 955.86X -264.51; R² = 0.75), C (Y = 868.92X2-1038.2X + 325.1; R2= 0.81), D (Y = -41.4X2+ 51.697X -14.982; R² = 0.77), and E (Y = -4.8538X2+  5.927X -1.6241;  R²  =  0.84).  The  protein-energy  synchronized  index-based rations increased the in vitro of macronutrient digestibility (protein, fiber, and fat) and enzyme activity on rumen fluid at a medium index level (0.6-0.63).
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i2.73881
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
  • Evaluation of Compacted Forage Feed on Kupang Cattle Feeding Behavior

    • Authors: Fensa Eka Widjaya, Despal Despal, Yuli Retnani, Rudy Priyanto, Luki Abdullah
      Pages: 84 - 93
      Abstract: Forage  compact  feed  has  the  ability  to  cut  the  adaptation  period  of  grazing cattle when transported, because they are used to consume forage. The effect of the form and  type  of  forage  formulation  on  the  feeding  behavior  of  cattle  needs  to  be  studied further to determine the preferences of cattle for this compact feed. This study used 36 cattle  with  3  replications  in  each  treatment.  The  2  factor  groups  withfactorial  design consisting  formulation  and  form  of  feed  was  applied  in  this  study.  The  forms  of  feed used in this study were wafers, pellets, dried pellets, and cubes. The formulations used in  this  study  were  formulation  1  (10%  molasses,  30%  indigofera  leaves,  50%  straw, 10% elephant grass); formulation 2 (10% molasses, 30% indigofera leaves, 60% straw); formulation  3  (10%  molasses,  20%  indigofera  leaves,  65%  straw,  5% hemp).  The parameters observed in this study were eating behavior of cattle which consisted of the frequency and duration of eating, drinking, rumination, and resting. The results showed that there wasan interaction on eating frequency and cattle duration. Formulation 3 on wafer  treatment  had  the  highest  feeding  frequency  (P<0.05).  Formulation  1  on  wafer treatment   had   the   highest   duration   of   rumination   (P<0.05).   In   the   conclusion, Formulation 1 and 3 with wafer shape showed the best behavior for eating.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i2.71461
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
  • Comparison of Electronic Cow Record (REKS-EL) Feature with Recording
           Components Used by Dairy Farmers In Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta

    • Authors: Yuni Suranindyah, Glorina Desviani Desviani, Dyah Maharani
      Pages: 94 - 98
      Abstract: The study was conducted in 60 respondents of dairy farmers in Sleman Regency, Yogyakarta from August 2020 to February 2021. The study aims to make comparison between recording in the REKS-EL version 1.0 and those in dairy farms recording, in order to improve REKS-EL features. Data of the farmers characteristics and recording components were collected by interviewed. Identification of components the dairy farmers recording was carried out using a list of questions in a table. The list containing 43 components, which were arranged based on the recording guidelines as written in the Indonesian Minister of Agriculture No. 100, 2014. The result of comparison between dairy farmers recording and REKS-EL version 1.0 feature showed differences on recording content. Software REKS-EL has more recording components than  dairy farmers recording, as much as 23 Vs. 13 (46% Vs 23% of total components). The REKS-EL feature showed advantages on data of pedigree, and reproduction but needs to be improved with the additional components derived from farmers records, namely daily and weekly milk production. In the REKS-EL feature also needs to be added feed data, BCS and calf after born.  
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i2.72424
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
  • Effect of Body Condition Score Limousine Crossbred Cow on Cattle Oestrus
           Response Synchronized using PGF2α Single Dose

    • Authors: Muhammad Zainul Hanif, Putri Utami, Aulia Puspita Anugra Yekti, Asri Nurul Huda, Joko Riyanto, Chusnul Hanim, Mashudi Mashudi, Trinil Susilawati
      Pages: 99 - 103
      Abstract: One  of  the  strategies  to  increase  the  cattle  population  in  Indonesia  is  the  AI (Artificial   Insemination)  method.  The  AI program's  improvement  of   reproductive efficiency can use the oestrus synchronization method. The purpose of this study was to evaluate   the   effect   of   body   weight   and   body   condition   score   on   the   oestrus synchronization  response with  the brand  "lutelyse."  This  research  was  conducted  in  Senggreng  Village,  Sumberpucung  District,  Malang Regency,  This  research  method uses experimental field experiments  with a sampling technique of purposive sampling. This study took a sample of 21, aged 1,5 –5 years, synchronized with PGF2α as much as  5  ml,  which  was  then  carried  out  by  observing  oestrus  behavior  for  24  hours after synchronization.  The  results  showed  that,  the  percentage  of  oestrus in  cows  with body condition  score  (BCS) 4,  which  is  76.92%,  is  lower  than  cows  with  BCS  5,  which  is 100%.  For  the synchronization  distance  with  the  onset  of  oestrus  in  BCS  4  cattle, namely 3802.92 ± 1007.80 (minutes) and BCS 5, namely 4081 ± 884.91 (minutes) with  the results of the conception rate of BCS 4 cattle of 38.46% and BCS 5 of 50%. Based on the results of the study, it was concluded that BCS 5 has a higher success pregnancy rate than BCS 4.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i2.72976
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
  • Performance and Haematological Profile of Broiler Chickens Fed Diet
           Containing Atung (Parinarium glaberrimumHassk.) Seed Powder

    • Authors: Sylvia C. H. Hehanussa, Zuprizal Zuprizal, Chusnul Hanim, Nanung Danar Dono
      Pages: 104 - 111
      Abstract: This study investigated the effect of feeding atung (Parinarium glaberrimum Hassk.) seed meal on growth performance and haematology profile in broiler chickens. A total of 140 one-day-old male New Lohmann broiler chicks were randomly assigned to five treatment groups with four replicates and seven birds in each replicate pen. The dietary treatments consisted of feeding the same corn-soybean meal as the basal diet with atung seed powder inclusions at levels of 0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 4.0%, respectively. The data were statistically analyzed using One-way with five treatments and four replications and continued with Duncan's New Multiple Range Test for data with a significant difference. Results showed that feed intake increased (p<0.05) in broiler chickens fed diets with 0.5 and 1% atung seed powder. At the same time, the inclusion of atung seed powder had no effect on final body weight, weight gain, and FCR. Inclusion of 1 and 2% atung seed powder significantly increased leucocyte counts, as well as the PCV value trend increased with the inclusion of atung seed powder. It can be concluded that atung seed powder additives can be supplemented in broiler chickens feed at doses 1% by improving feed intake and some haematological profiles.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i2.73251
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Effect of Thawing Duration on the Post Thawing Quality of Bali
           Cattle’s Frozen Semen and Conseption Rate in Smallholder Farms of East
           Lombok Regency

    • Authors: Ikhwan Firhamsah, Sigit Bintara, Diah Tri Widayati
      Pages: 112 - 120
      Abstract: This research aimed to identify the effect of the length of thawing time on the quality  of  Bali  cattle postthaw semen and  to  investigate  the resulting pregnancy  rate. This  research  was  conducted  at  Wanasaba  Village,  specifically  Tanaq  Mira  Village, Wanasaba  District,  East  Lombok  Regency.  Five  samples  of  Bali  cattle  semen  were  collected  for  insemination  from  each  of  three  different  farmer  groups.  The  semen sample  from  the  remaining  frozen  semen  inseminated  by  the  inseminator  was  used  in this research. Tanaq Mira Village's inseminator performed thawing during the trip from the  artificial  insemination  (AI)  station  to  the  farmer  group's  location.  This  research observed  the  microscopic  quality  of  the postthaw frozen  semen  covering  motility, viability, and abnormality. Moreover, the pregnancy rate on AI acceptors using the non return  rate (NRR)  parameter  or  the  number  of  female parents who returned to  estrus after being inseminated were observed. The observation was conducted on three farmer groups  with  different  distances  and  lengths  of  thawing  time.  Each  farmer  group  was observed five times. The collected data were then analysed by using one-way analysis of variance(ANOVA). The research indicated that the distance of the farmer group’s location significantly affected (P<0,01) the sperm motility and viability. However, it did not significantly affect (P>0,05) the sperm abnormalities. The Sapeng farmer group had the  highest NRR, as  much  as 80%. According  to the  NRR  score,  it  can  be  concluded that the thawing process  using  the  thermos  within  less  than 10 minutes  resulted  in  the best yield.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i2.71035
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Effect of Betel Nut Extract (Areca catethu L) on Spermatozoa Quality
           (Macroscopic and Microscopic) in Male Goats

    • Authors: Dwi Wijayanti, Yuni Oktaviani, Gianty Hartani Lugiana, Sadjatun Nisa
      Pages: 121 - 125
      Abstract: The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of betel nut extract on the macroscopically and microscopically quality of spermatozoa. Materials and methods were used for 16 male Ettawa goats at the age of 2 years. The preparation of betel nut extract and macroscopic observations of spermatozoa via the use of odors, colors, and volumes, as well as microscopic observations of spermatozoa through the use of mass motion, mass motility, and individual motility. The betel nut extract was administered orally for 15 days. The treatments in this study were T0 (without the provision of betel nut extract), T1 (provision of betel nut extract (90 mg/goat/day)), T2 (provision of betel nut extract (180 mg/goat/day)), T3 (provision of betel nut extract (270 mg/goat/day)). The results showed that the addition of betel nut extract was significantly different than without extracts (P<0.05). The goats without betel nut extract had the lowest quality of spermatozoa, whereas the goats treated with a betel nut extract (270 mg/goat/day) had the highest quality of spermatozoa of all the treatments. There was an increase in spermatozoa in the 10th data collection, including smell, colour, volume, mass motility, and individual motility. Furthermore, male goats were given betel nut extract at a dose of 270 mg/goat/day, which improved spermatozoa quality both macroscopically and microscopically. Subsequently, we assumed that betel nut extract could improve reproductive quality in male goats.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i2.47489
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
  • Proportion of Sawdust as Carbon Sources in Rabbit Manure Compost for
           Increasing the Growth of Pennisetum purpureum cv Mott

    • Authors: Rahmi Dianita, Wiranto Wiranto, Muhammad Koyum, Ubaidillah Ubaidillah, Dodi Devitriano
      Pages: 126 - 131
      Abstract: The right proportion of carbon in high N organic matter source in composting process will result good decomposition process. In this study, rabbit manure was composted with different portion of sawdust, and then the chemical properties were evaluated. The compost then applied to determine the growth response of dwarf elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) in terms of plant height, number of leaves, root and shoot dry matter, shoot and shoot ratio, and N content in shoot. The results showed that compost consisted of rabbit manure + sawdust with the ratio of 3:1 and 1:1 had good chemical properties (pH around 7.56 - 7.94, C/N ratio 17 – 19, C- organic 19 – 24%, Nitrogen 0.84 – 1.31%, Phosphor 0.43 – 0.82%, and Potassium 0.27– 0.37%) as well as sole rabbit manure compost. Applying compost to Mott grass resulted a good growth response which reflected in plant height (78.29 - 83.46 cm/plant), leaves number (53.50 - 57.92 blades), shoot dry matter (39.69 – 54.56 g DM/plant), root dry matter (16.50 – 18.16 g DM/plant), shoot : root ratios (2.52 - 3.20), and shoot N content (37.14 - 48.55 g DM/plant). The study concluded that compost rabbit manure + sawdust with ratio of 3:1 resulted the same growth response with sole rabbit manure compost.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i2.71993
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
  • Social Cultural Characteristics of Farmers and Types of Plant Cultivated
           on Local Native Forage Sources in Kupang Regency

    • Authors: Edi Djoko Sulistijo, Upik Syamsiar Rosnah
      Pages: 132 - 139
      Abstract: The local native forage sources in Kupang Regency have their own specifications due to different management. This research is aimed at describing socio- cultural characteristics of farmers and the types of plant cultivated on local native forage sources planted in the farms in Kupang Regency. It was conducted in Oeletsala Village, Taebenu Sub-District, Kupang Regency from August 2015 to April 2017. The research method was survey, direct observation and measurement in the field as well as secondary data collection. The data were analyzed descriptively in the form of averages, tables and graphs. The results showed that amarasi farm were more widely distributed than dry mamar and selobua. Most of the farmers were at their productive age, have elementary school education, and 1-4 family members. The background of farming and the reasons for choosing the type of farms were varied. Likewise, the types of plants were also varied. Utilization of the types of plants have experienced a shift from conservation goals to multi-function. In amarasi, dry mamar and selobua farm were found 62, 77 and 53 types of plants. Forage which is commonly used at the farmer level were 13 species dominated by Leucaena leucocephala. While, 23 other commodities were not forage and they were harvested in certain seasons and for household needs. In conclusion, the farmers were at their productive age, with low education, and small family size. The background of establishing the farms and the reasons for choosing the type of farms varied. The types of plants have been shifted from conservation goals to being multi-purposes. The types of plants that were widely developed other than forage are dominated by food crops and horticulture. The three types farms can have a positive impact on feed and food security, source of farmer’s income and land conservation
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v46i2.71548
      Issue No: Vol. 46, No. 2 (2022)
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