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Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0126-4400 - ISSN (Online) 2407-876X
Published by Universitas Gadjah Mada Homepage  [46 journals]
  • Innovative Barn Cattle for Microclimate Management through the Misting

    • Authors: koekoeh santoso, Rani Audona, komariah komariah, Kudang Boro Seminar, Mokhamad Fakhrul Ulum
      Pages: 207 - 214
      Abstract: Cattle is meat-producing livestock of the large ruminant. The environmental conditions must remain in the thermoneutral zone because this affects livestock productivity. An environmental modification related to microclimate management is required through a misting system using a water sprinkler. The study was conducted in one of the barns of the Sekolah Peternakan Rakyat (SPR) Maju Bersama livestock group in Drokilo Village, Kedungadem District, Bojonegoro Regency, East Java. The purpose of this study was to analyze the microclimate management of the barn through the misting system in order to improve the physiological response of cattle. The variables observed were the air temperature, air humidity, Temperature Humidity Index (THI), respiratory frequency, heart rate, rectal temperature, and body surface temperature. Body surface temperatures were measured on the face, back, and rump. The analytical method used in this was unpaired T-test five replications. The results showed that the average microclimate data for barn cattle were: air temperature 27.40±0.59°C, air humidity 83.92±1.55%, and Temperature Humidity Index (THI) 79.59±1.06. The results showed that the average physiological response data for cattle were: heart rate 47.02±2.29 beats per minute, respiration rate 16.94±1.26 beats per minute, and rectal temperature 38.65±0.27°C. The results showed that the average body surface temperature data for the face was 37.03±0.38°C, the back was 36.33±0.59°C, and the rump was 36.28±0.68°C. The results showed that the treatment before and after the morning measurement water misting was significantly different (p<0.05) in all the observed variables. Water misting has the effect on decreasing the air temperature, humidity, Temperature Humidity Index (THI), respiratory rate, heart rate, body temperature, and rectal temperature.
      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i4.79464
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2023)
  • Appropriate Primer Selection Improves Molecular Bird Sexing Accuracy

    • Authors: Fauziah Fitriana, Mas Farouq Uz Zaman Al Qodry, Juan Carlos Greevins De Lucas, Dian Ritma Setyorini, Fatkhanuddin Aziz
      Pages: 215 - 219
      Abstract: Birds sexing utilize the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique is increasingly being used by researchers and breeders. The PCR technique has high sensitivity, but its success is influenced by the specificity of the DNA template with the oligo primer used. This study aimed to evaluate 5 types of PCR primers P2/P8, 2550F/2718R, CHD1F/CHD1R, 1237L/1272H, and CHD1LF/CHD1LR to determine the sex of Phasianidae, Anatidae, Muscicapidae, and Psittacidae families. This research was conducted by tested primers mentioned above to amplify the target gene chromodomain helicase DNA binding 1 (CHD1) on DNA samples of each pair of males and females from four bird families, respectively. The results indicated that CHD1LF/CHD1LR PCR primer gave the best results and was recommended to determine the sex of four families tested. Some of other primers tested in this study failed to amplify targeted gene correctly, it is important to use appropriate primer to increase bird sexing accuracy.
      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i4.83320
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2023)
  • The Relationship Between Body Size and Bone Weight (Breast and Thigh) in
           Kampung Chicken (Gallusdomesticus) Results Third Generation Selection

    • Authors: Liza Wati, Helmi Ediyanto, Eko Wiyanto, Depison Depison
      Pages: 220 - 230
      Abstract: The aim of this study is to identify the characteristics of body size and shape in kampung chickens, as well as the relationship between body size and meat weight. To achieve this, 200 kampung chicken DOC were directly observed using purposive sampling. Purposive sampling where the chickens were divided into 3 groups of body weight, namely high, medium and low.Body size was recorded at 4, 6, 8, 10, and 12 weeks of age, and the weight of flesh and bone at 12 weeks of age was analyzed using the ttest.The samples used to obtain the weight of meat and bones (breast and thighs) were 35 males and 23 females.The study used principal component analysis to identify body size and shape characteristics for males and females. Regression and correlation analysis were then conducted to determine the relationship and closeness between body size and the weight of flesh and bone.The results of the study showed that the body size and weight of flesh and bone in kampung male chickens aged 12 weeks were significantly higher
      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i4.83942
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2023)
  • Physical Quality of Complete Pellets Feed Containing Peanut Waste (Arachis
           hypogaea) and Its Effects on Rabbit Growth Performance

    • Authors: Riski Amelia Jaini, Yuli Retnani, Didid Diapari
      Pages: 231 - 236
      Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the physical quality of complete pellets with the addition of peanut waste and the effect of its administration on the performance of rabbits. A total of 20 local male rabbits aged 12 weeks with an average body weight of 1335.60 ± 280.53 g are divided into five groups based on body weight, and then used in this study which is performed in randomized block design (RBD). The rabbits are fed on the commercial pellets as a control diet (P0) and feed pellets containing peanut waste at the level of 5% (P1), peanut waste 10% (P2), and peanut waste 15% (P3). The results show that the physical quality of the pellets was not significantly different (p>0.05) in all treatments. Feeding complete pellets with the addition of peanut waste rabbits performances show no significant difference in performance (p>0.05) in all treatments. In conclusion, complete pellets with the addition of peanut was can resemble the physical quality of commercial pellets (control), maintain performances
      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i4.86685
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2023)
  • Evaluation of Nutrient and Digestibility of Agricultural Waste Total Mixed
           Ration Silage as Ruminant Feed

    • Authors: Arsyadi Ali, Anwar Efendi Harahap, Jepri Juliantoni
      Pages: 237 - 241
      Abstract: Difficulties in feeding ruminants, which generally use field grass, can be modified by utilizing forage waste from corn, rice and cassava using the total mixed ration (TMR) silage model to obtain feed that is rich in nutrients and long lasting. The study aimed of the study was to determine the nutritional value and digestibility of TMR silage using forage and concentrate waste from corn, rice and cassava. The research design used a completely randomized design with 3 treatments of agricultural waste and 6 replications. The treatment is CWS (corn waste silage); RWS (rice waste silage) and CVWS (cassava waste silage). The parameters tested were crude protein, crude fiber, crude fat, NDF, ADF, WSC, RFV, NH3, rumen PH, VFA, In vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) and In vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD). The results showed that CVWS (cassava waste silage) increased crude protein, RFV and reduced NDF, while CWS (corn waste silage) reduced crude fiber and ADF, increased NH3 production, VFA and in vitro digestibility
      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i4.87103
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2023)
  • Tolerance Level of Butterfly Pea (Clitoria ternatea L.) to Stress Acidity
           Through Tissue Culture Technique

    • Authors: Kennaya Putri Aura Jannah, Panca Dewi Manu Hara Karti, Iwan Prihantoro
      Pages: 242 - 247
      Abstract: Butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea L.) a high-quality legume that is rich in protein and grows on various soil types with a pH range of 5.5-8.9. This experiment was conducted to get the level of tolerance of butterfly pea plants to stress acidity at different levels through tissue culture technique. The study was designed using a complete randomized design with 6 treatments with the different levels of AlCl3 addition using Murashige Skoog (MS) media with 20 replications (P0 (0 ppm AlCl3), P1 (100 ppm AlCl3), P2 (200 ppm AlCl3), P3 (300 ppm AlCl3), P4 (400 ppm AlCl3), and P5 (500 ppm AlCl3)). Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA), and if there was a significant difference, data were further analyzed using Duncan’s multiple range test. The variables observed were acidity media changes, plant height gain, number of leaves, number of branches, number of tillers, percentage of leaves withering, and leaf color. The results showed that the butterfly pea plant has mechanism of adaptation to acid stress on the parameters of plant height gain and number of leaves at the end of the observation. However, the level of plant tolerance on the parameters of the number of branches and the number of tillers was ≤ 300 ppm (pH 3.73).
      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i4.84290
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2023)
  • The Optimal Condition of Dry-Heat Stabilization using Oven on Phenolic
           Content and Antioxidant Activity of Rice Bran: A Meta-Analysis

    • Authors: Martina Tri Puspita Sari, Muhammad Ridla, Heri Ahmad Sukaria
      Pages: 248 - 254
      Abstract: Rice bran, a beneficial by-product of rice milling, is a rich source of nutrition, containing bioactive compounds such as phenolic compounds and exhibiting high antioxidant activity. Due to these properties, rice bran is a valuable ingredient for functional foods and animal feed. However, its short shelf life caused by rapid rancidity often hinders its use. Dry heating is an effective method to increase the longevity of rice bran. It can be stabilized by heating rice bran to the appropriate temperature, retaining its nutritional value and prolonging its shelf life. This meta-analysis aimed to determine the optimal temperature and time duration for dry-heat stabilization using an oven on Free Phenolic Content (FPC), Bound Phenolic Content (BPC), Total Phenolic Content (TPC), and Antioxidant Activity (AA) of rice bran. A total of 7 articles and 34 experiments were included after applying specified screening criteria. Results indicated that temperature and time duration of dry-heat stabilization had a significant effect
      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i4.84810
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2023)
  • The Effect of Feed Fermented Rubber Seeds with Rhizopus oligosporus and
           Neurospora stiophila on the Percentage of Abdominal Fat and Blood Profile
           of Native Chickens

    • Authors: Dadik Pantaya, Suci Wulandari, Alditya Putri Yulinarsari, Holilul Rohman, Qorina Insani Aulia Rizqi, Moch. Ibnaq Uzaman
      Pages: 255 - 260
      Abstract: The purpose of this study was to explore feed ingredients from rubber seed plantation waste and their effect on the percentage of abdominal fat and blood profile due to the high content of rubber seed oil and the presence of anti-nutrients (HCN). The concentrations of Rhizopus oligosporus and Neurospora stiophila inoculum were 109 CFU/g each. This study was subjected to a Nested Completely Randomized Design. The first factor was the type of microbial used. Factor II was inoculum dose (0%, 0.4%, 0.8%, 1.6%, and 3.2%). The best concentration of inoculum was used in the making of fermented rubber seeds to be given to native chickens. The application on native chickens used statistical analysis Completely Randomized Design consisting of 3 treatments, namely P1: feed without using fermented rubber seeds; P2: feed using 5% Neurospora fermented rubber seed; and P3: feed using 5% Rhizopus fermented rubber seed. Significantly different results continued with Duncan's test. The results showed that the type of fungi had no significant effect on the treatment, but increasing the dose of fungi inoculum up to 3.2% had a significant effect on decreasing the content of dry matter, HCN, and crude fiber in rubber seeds. Administration of Rhizopus and Neurospora inoculums had a significant effect on increasing abdominal fat when compared to control. The conclusion of this study was that the processing method before fermentation and the amount of fungal inoculum used during fermentation affected the nutritional and antinutritional content of HCN rubber seeds. The presence of fermented rubber seeds which had either Rhizopus oligosporus or Neurospora stiophila increased the percentage of abdominal fat. Native chickens which were given fermented rubber seeds with Neurospora showed a higher level of stress marked by increased blood lymphocytes
      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i4.82315
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2023)
  • Evaluation of the Growth and Yield of Organic Corn Fodder under Various
           Watering Times and Concentrations of Rabbit Urine Fertilizers

    • Authors: Okti Widayati, Bangkit Lutfiaji Syaefullah, Sritiasni Sritiasni, Nani Zurahmah, Aswandi Aswandi, Irma Irma
      Pages: 261 - 266
      Abstract: Organic Fodder System is a planting system without using soil as its main medium. The use of fertilizers can be regulated in quantities and concentrations that correspond to the needs of plants during the plant growth season to obtain optimal results with good quality. The study was conducted to determine corn fodder's growth productivity and nutrient content under the treatment of differences in watering time and rabbit urine fertilizer concentration. The treatment was carried out on the difference in the soaking solution of corn kernels and the difference in the watering time of corn seedlings. Soaking was carried out by 5 solutions namely L0: water, L1: AB mix (commercial fertilizer) 1%, L2: rabbit urine fertilizer 1%, L3: rabbit urine fertilizer 2.5%, L4: rabbit urine fertilizer 5%, as treatment, and 5 (five) replication groups. Watering was carried out at three different time intervals (W1: 6 hours/day, W2: 9 hours/day, W3: 12 hours/day) with five replication groups. The variables observed were germination percentage, normal sprout percentage, corn fodder height, fresh fodder production, fodder dry matter production, fodder protein content, fodder crude fiber content, fodder crude fat content, Non-Nitrogen Free Extract (NNFE), and corn fodder ash content. The experimental design used in this study was a Completely Randomized Design of factorial patterns. Differences in rabbit urine fertilizer concentration and watering time impact germination percentage, normal germination percentage, plant height, fresh matter production, dry matter production, protein content, and crude fiber.

      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i4.84194
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2023)
  • Sustainability Indicators of Kalang Buffalo Production Systems in Swamp
           Ecosystems in South Kalimantan

    • Authors: Widya Nur Amalia, Tri Satya Mastuti Widi, Panjono Panjono, Dyah Maharani, Sigit Bintara
      Pages: 267 - 273
      Abstract: This study aims to identify problems, identify and analyze stakeholders and determine indicators (qualitative and quantitative) for the sustainability of kalang buffalo production systems in swamp ecosystems in South Kalimantan. The kalang buffalo is a type of mud buffalo that is reared using the kalang system. In the local language, kalang is an enclosure built in the middle of swamp waters. This study is expected to be a source of information for academics, farmers, communities and policymakers in South Kalimantan Province regarding the strategic function of Kalang buffalo for the people of South Kalimantan. Data collection was done by describing the problem and determining relevant stakeholders. The literature study was conducted with expert discussion. FGDs were also conducted to explore important issues, followed by SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats) analysis and to determine relevant issues. Situation analysis and secondary data showed that the Kalang buffalo population is declining. Stakeholder identification identified the central and local governments as primary stakeholders; secondary stakeholders were scientists/academics, butchers, sellers, and consumers. The primary stakeholders selected were buffalo farmers, central and local governments, while secondary stakeholders consisted of scientists/academics, butchers, farmer sellers, and consumers. The selected indicators on the EES issue are economic indicators such as gross margin (GM), body weight, weaning weight, and reproduction (calf crop (%)); environmental indicators such as total grazing land use and waste disposal; and social indicators such total of buffalo, feeding procedures, mating system, cages, record keeping, time allocation for maintenance, social status and land use conflicts.
      PubDate: 2023-11-28
      DOI: 10.21059/buletinpeternak.v47i4.85943
      Issue No: Vol. 47, No. 4 (2023)
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