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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 220 journals)
Showing 1 - 63 of 63 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abanico Veterinario     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advanced Research in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Advances in Small Animal Care     Full-text available via subscription  
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Agrivet : Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Pertanian dan Peternakan / Journal of Agricultural Sciences and Veteriner)     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences     Open Access  
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Analecta Veterinaria     Open Access  
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Animal - Science Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 180)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animal Health Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription  
Anthrozoos : A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People & Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access  
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi / Atatürk University Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Austral Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Equine Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Australian Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Avian Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access  
Bangladesh Veterinarian     Open Access  
BMC Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
CES Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia     Open Access  
Chilean Journal of Agricultural & Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Ciencia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Compendio de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Equine Veterinary Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Equine Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Ethiopian Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access  
FAVE Sección Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Folia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Frontiers in Veterinary Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human & Veterinary Medicine - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
ILAR Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Medicus Veterinus     Open Access  
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription  
International Journal of Equine Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research     Open Access  
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
InVet     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Veterinary Surgery     Open Access  
Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Irish Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Parasite Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Small Animal Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society     Open Access  
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Journal of Veterinary Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Veterinary Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Veterinary Forensic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 29)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education     Partially Free   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access  
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Medik Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kenya Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
kleintier konkret     Hybrid Journal  
Livestock     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Macedonian Veterinary Review     Open Access  
Matrix Science Medica     Open Access  
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Medical Mycology Case Reports     Open Access  
Medicina Veterinária (UFRPE)     Open Access  
Nepalese Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
New Zealand Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
New Zealand Veterinary Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
pferde spiegel     Hybrid Journal  
Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Preventive Veterinary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Rassegna di Diritto, Legislazione e Medicina Legale Veterinaria     Open Access  
Reproduction in Domestic Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Research in Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Veterinária     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Complutense de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciência Veterinária e Saúde Pública     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Revista de Educação Continuada em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access  
Revista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Perú     Open Access  
Revista de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista MVZ Córdoba     Open Access  
Revista Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access  
Revue Vétérinaire Clinique     Full-text available via subscription  
Salud y Tecnología Veterinaria     Open Access  
Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde     Hybrid Journal  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Small Ruminant Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Sri Lanka Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
SVU-International Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Tanzania Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
team.konkret     Open Access  
Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine     Open Access  
Theriogenology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Tierärztliche Praxis Ausgabe G: Großtiere / Nutztiere     Hybrid Journal  
Tierärztliche Praxis Ausgabe K: Kleintiere / Heimtiere     Hybrid Journal  
Topics in Companion Animal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Tropical Animal Health and Production     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access  
UK Vet Equine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access  
Van Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
VCOT Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Veterinaria     Open Access  
Veterinaria (Montevideo)     Open Access  
Veterinaria México     Open Access  
Veterinaria México OA     Open Access  
Veterinarski Glasnik     Open Access  
Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Veterinary and Animal Science     Open Access  
Veterinary and Comparative Oncology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Veterinary Clinical Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Equine Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Exotic Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Veterinary Clinics of North America: Small Animal Practice     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Veterinary Dermatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Veterinary Journal of Mehmet Akif Ersoy University / Mehmet Akif Ersoy Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Veterinary Medicine and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Veterinary Medicine International     Open Access   (Followers: 5)

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Journal Cover
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2344-2344 - ISSN (Online) 2344-5300
Published by AcademicPres Publishing House Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Phytochemical composition, nutritional values, traditional uses of
           Tetrapleura tetraptera and Ricinodendron heudelotii and their
           pharmacological activities: an update review

    • Authors: Olivette Laure Matafack DONGMO, Herve Tchoumbou TADJOUA, Phelix Bruno TELEFO, Cristian Bianca POCOL, Sanda ANDREI
      Pages: 1 - 13
      Abstract: The exploration of the use of natural herbals drug, especially plant parts, is a major area of focus. Medicinal plants are being increasingly used to manage a wide numerous ailment. Tetrapleura tetraptera and Ricinodendron heudelotii are known among medicinal plants having beneficial effects due to their several biological activities. The fruits and seeds of these plants are mostly used in many parts of Africa as spice for flavoring soup and making stews. This update review focused on the phytochemical characterization, traditional used, nutritional values and biological activities of these species. Both are known to possess macro-and micro-nutrients. They are rich in majority to the phytochemical’s compounds including polyphenols, flavonoids, tannins, reducing sugar, saponins and alkaloids etc. Their activities have been reported positive by several authors for both alcoholic and aqueous extractions. The plants exhibited appreciable antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and good antimicrobial activities against the test microorganisms justifying their broad-spectrum use. The hypolipidaemian, hypocholesterolaemian and hypoglycaemic properties have been proven to be efficacy especially for the plant Tetrapleura tetraptera and much practice remains to be done with Ricinodendron heudelotii. The confirmation of these biological activities is related to the high content of bioactive molecules conferring beneficial properties to plants.
      PubDate: 2022-05-15
      DOI: 10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:2022.0011
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 79 (2022)
       
  • Reducing Nematopsis spp Infection of Panaeus Vannamei Shrimps Post Larvae
           by Using a Mixture of Natural Antimicrobials

    • Authors: Igori BALTA, Ioan PET, Patrick WARD, Adelina VENIG, Todd CALLAWAY, Nicolae CORCIONIVOSCHI, Lavinia STEF
      Pages: 14 - 26
      Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a mixture of natural antimicrobials (maltodextrin, sodium chloride, citric acid, sodium citrate, silica, malic acid, citrus extract, and olive extract) to prevent Nematopsis spp. infestation of shrimp and to explore the biological mechanisms involved in preventing infection and improved performance. Our results show that the natural antimicrobials were able, in vitro, to reduce (p < 0.0001) the ability of N. messor, N. quadratum and N. annulipes to adhere to CHSE-214 epithelial cells. In vivo the natural antimicrobial mixture reduced (p < 0.0001) their gut colonisation, increased the (p < 0.05) shrimp survival rates and (p < 0.05) and also the relative growth rate and shrimp size. Moreover, the average daily gain, the total weight gain and the feed conversion rate were all improved over the 30 d trial. The beneficial effects on shrimp performance were associated with a significant increase (p = 0.0004) in the abundance of probiotic-like bacteria (Lactobacillus spp.). This positive change in gut bacterial composition was correlated with a significant increase in the expression of genes related to digestion or the immune response suggesting that natural antimicrobials can improve the performance of shrimp in vivo.
      PubDate: 2022-04-03
      DOI: 10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:2022.0007
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 79 (2022)
       
  • Phytochemical screening and antioxidant capacity of two berry cultivars,
           ‘Ruben’ and ‘Duke’, depending on their harvesting time

    • Authors: Ruben BUDĂU, Adriana R. MEMETE, Adrian I. TIMOFTE, Simona I. VICAS
      Pages: 27 - 35
      Abstract: Commercial berry production is an attractive industry worldwide, including in Romania because berries are a rich source of bioactive compounds with antioxidant capacity, thus becoming the most important functional and nutraceutical foods in our diet. The aim of our work was to characterize two different species, Saskatoon berry (Amelanchier alnifolia Nutt., Rosaceae) and blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L., Ericaceae), from the point of view of total phenols and anthocyanin as well as of antioxidant capacity depending on their harvesting time. The analyzed cultivars ‘Ruben’ and ‘Duke’ were cultivated in the North-West of Romania, the first cultivar has been officially introduced in Romania in 2018.  The results show that ‘Ruben’ cultivar is richer in bioactive compounds compared with ‘Duke’ cultivars. The level of total phenols of ‘Ruben’ cultivar was 297.937 ± 4.30 and 347.412 ± 14.13 mg GAE/100 g fw (fresh weight) at early and full ripening time, respectively. The highest anthocyanins content was found in ‘Ruben’ cultivar (410.659 ± 52.88 mg/100 g fw) at full ripening time. Also, the high values of antioxidant capacity determined by four different methods (DPPH, FRAP, ABTS, CUPRAC) was recorded in the case of cultivar ‘Ruben’. Both blueberry cultivars ‘Duke’ and ‘Ruben’ are rich sources in bioactive compounds such as phenolics, especially anthocyanins. The blueberries harvested at full ripening period provided the highest level of total phenols and anthocyanins compounds. These compounds act as powerful antioxidants and thus they could improve the health status of the human body, or can be used by food and nutraceutical manufacturers.
      PubDate: 2022-05-15
      DOI: 10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:2022.000
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 79 (2022)
       
  • Investigation of Lupine Allergen Presence in Some Food Products by
           Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay

    • Authors: Nursel GÜNAY, Buket ER DEMİRHAN, Burak DEMİRHAN
      Pages: 36 - 40
      Abstract: Lupine is a legume and important hidden food allergen. In the present study, our aim was to investigate the presence of lupine in some foodstuffs including 90 packaged food samples (breakfast cereals, oatmeals, biscuits, and chocolate) belonging to different firms in Turkey. Extraction and determination of lupine in all samples were made by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. The presence of lupine was detected in 11 (12.22%) of 90 food samples. Lupine was not detected in the samples of breakfast cereal and oatmeal. The mean levels (±S.E) of positive lupine of biscuits and chocolate samples were found to be 1.53±0.18 mg kg-1 and 2.04±0.16 mg kg-1, respectively. It was declared on the labels of some of the analyzed products that they may contain traces of lupine. Lupine was detected in only one of these samples. There was no information about the presence of lupine on the labels of other lupine detected samples. As a result, the importance of the detection of allergen substances in terms of food safety, food quality, and public health and the importance of food labeling are emphasized in this study. Analytical methods for monitoring allergens in risky foods are important.
      PubDate: 2022-05-15
      DOI: 10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:2022.0006
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 79 (2022)
       
  • Meat Safety and Quality of Broiler Chickens Supplemented with Thyme
           Essential Oil

    • Authors: Mohamed HAMADA, Mabrouk ABD ELDAIM, Said I. FATHALLA, Naser A. AL HUMAM, Ayman EL BEHIRY, Elke ALBRECHT
      Pages: 41 - 50
      Abstract: Ninety, one-day-old Cobb chicks were randomly divided into 3 groups, each with 3 replicates. A control group was fed a standard diet, whereas the other two treatment groups received a diet with 0.2 or 0.3 mL thyme essential oil (TEO) per kg of the diet for 21 days. The 0.3 group had more meat protein (P ≤ 0.048) than the control group, while the other meat constituents have not changed. Meat sensory parameters (external aspect, odour, colour, and elasticity) declined (P < 0.001), while meat quality parameters (pH, total volatile nitrogen TVN, thiobarbituric acid number TBA, peroxide value PV, and free fatty acids FFA) increased (P < 0.001), through storage of the groups. In TEO groups, improved (P < 0.001) meat overall scores, external aspect and muscular elasticity was observed compared to control. Quality parameters were improved (P < 0.001) including pH, TVN, TBA, PV, and FFA, compared to control during storage. TEO had no effect on heavy metal concentrations while reducing bacterial contamination in meat. TEO 0.2 samples were positive for Salmonella Kentuckey and Staphylococcus aureus, while TEO 0.3 group were free from pathogenic bacteria. Thyme essential oil can enhance quality, and safety of the chilled broiler’s breast meat.
      PubDate: 2022-05-15
      DOI: 10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:2021.0017
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 79 (2022)
       
  • Effect of Some Sanitizing Treatments on Strawberry Fruit Quality during
           Cold Storage

    • Authors: Mira Elena IONICĂ, Alina Mădălina PLEȘOIANU, Violeta NOUR
      Pages: 51 - 60
      Abstract: The present research was conducted to evaluate the effect of dipping treatments with 2% citric acid, 0.2% benzoic acid, 0.2% sorbic acid and acidic electrolyzed water on the quality of strawberries ("Malvina" cultivar) during 21 days storage at 8 °C. The following analyses were performed on the control and sanitized strawberry fruits at 1, 7, 14 and 21 days of storage: weight loss, firmness, decay incidence, soluble solids content, titratable acidity, total phenolics content, total anthocyanins content and DPPH antioxidant activity. All sanitizing treatments significantly (P<0.05) reduced weight loss and fruit decay during strawberry storage. Dipping strawberries in 0.2% sorbic acid or 0.2% benzoic acid aqueous solutions were the most effective treatments for maintaining firmness and phytochemical content and for delaying the decay of strawberries during cold storage.
      PubDate: 2022-05-15
      DOI: 10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:2022.0001
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 79 (2022)
       
  • Determination of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae from Chicken Meat
           by Advanced Modified ISO 21528-1:2017 Method

    • Authors: Tahsin Onur KEVENK, Zeki ARAS
      Pages: 61 - 66
      Abstract: Antibiotic resistance is critical today, and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE) are the current reflection of this threat in terms of public health. Our study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a known ISO method used to detect of CREs in chicken meat sold in the Aksaray Region. A total of 150 chicken samples (50 drumsticks, 50 breasts, and 50 wings) were analyzed in terms of CRE by modifying the ISO 21528-1:2017 method. For this purpose, meropenem and ertapenem powders were added into buffered peptone water and Violet Red Bile Glucose Agar at the resistance levels determined in EUCAST. At the same time, target DNA extraction was performed from all samples with a tissue isolation kit (Hybrigen) and stored for PCR to support and strengthen our results to compare the cultural method's results. According to the results of the cultural procedure, the existing flora of chicken meats was suppressed by antibiotic supplements, and no suspicious colonies were detected. Likewise, CRE was not detected in DNA samples obtained from 150 chicken meat samples. Carbapenem resistance, described as the last fortress, is today's significant public health problem. According to our results, CRE was not isolated in 150 chicken meat samples offered for sale in our region.
      PubDate: 2022-05-15
      DOI: 10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:2022.0003
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 79 (2022)
       
  • Thermal Analysis of Fats from Reformulated Emulsified Meat Sausages by
           Differential Scanning Calorimetry

    • Authors: Maria MOMCHILOVA, Maria MARUDOVA, Dilyana GRADINARSKA-IVANOVA
      Pages: 67 - 75
      Abstract: This paper investigates the possibilities of using two types of vegetable oil emulsions as animal fat substitutes in cooked emulsified sausages. The sausage samples were made with full or partial substitution of pork back fat with vegetable oil emulsions. The use of vegetable oils in meat sausage formulations as animal fat substitutes led to a reduction in the SFA/UFA ratio. The PUFA/SFA ratio was improved in the samples where the animal fat was substituted with chia oil (samples 2, 4 and 6), and this ratio most probably resulted from the emulsion quantity added. In our study, the thermal characteristics of six types of reformulated sausages and one control sample were described, as well as the thermal characteristics of the pork back fat and the two oil types. The thermal analysis was performed using the Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) method. The resultant thermograms were directly related to the fatty acid profile of the cooked emulsified sausages, and the increase in the saturated fatty acids led to an increase in the share of the fats that melt at lower temperatures.
      PubDate: 2022-05-15
      DOI: 10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:2021.0041
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 79 (2022)
       
  • Analysis of Major Royal Jelly Proteins Stability and Ligand Binding by
           Differential Scanning Fluorimetry

    • Authors: Carmen Ioana MUREŞAN, Daniel S. DEZMIREAN, Ramona SUHAROSCHI, Oana L. POP, Orsolya BORSAI
      Pages: 76 - 86
      Abstract: Royal jelly (RJ) is produced by the hypopharingeal and mandibular glands of bees. Up to 90% of the RJ proteins are the major royal jelly proteins (MRJPs) that exhibit biological properties. Protein stability is of interest for biotechnology and can be explored by using differential scanning fluorimetry (DSF). We tested the stability by using a fluorescence dye (SYPRO® Orange,1:1000 dilution) in the presence of different ligands for MRJP1 and MRJP2 at 2 µM concentration. The fluorescence intensities (FI) were measured using the Real-Time PCR System and were fitted as a function of temperature according to the Boltzmann equation to determine the melting temperature (Tm) at which the amount of folded and unfolded protein is equal. In general, ligands stabilize the protein when binding to it and increase the Tm. Due to the increased starting fluorescence of the oligomeric MRJP1, the Tm values were only determined for monomeric MRJP1 and MRJP2. ATP, histamine, and thiamine were shown to determine an increase of Tm for the monomeric MRJP1 in 20 mM Tris-HCl, pH 7.4, 150 mM NaCl. For the ligand ATP, the minimum limit of binding starts at 1.5 mM concentration, for the ligand Histamine it starts at 0.6 mM concentration, while for the ligand Thiamine it starts at 3 mM concentration.
      PubDate: 2022-05-15
      DOI: 10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:2021.0034
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 79 (2022)
       
  • Risk Factors for Obesity and Overweight in Children and Adolescents from
           Romania

    • Authors: Gabriela-Alexandra NEGRUT, Calin AVRAM, Anca RACHITA, Florina Daniela RUTA
      Pages: 87 - 94
      Abstract: The fact that more and more people are suffering from obesity and that this condition is more and more common among children is an alarm signal and some measures must be taken in this direction. Nowadays, the most incriminating factor responsible for the development of childhood obesity is the excessive consumption of fast food, sweets and juices, as at the market there is a wide range and easily accessible. This study aims to evaluate the association between frequent consumption of fast food and other lifestyle factors with the presence of obesity and overweight in children of different ages in Romania. Applying a questionnaire with 31 questions we collected data from 328 people, 170 boys and 158 girls, residing in Romania.  The analysis of the data collected showed a higher number of overweight children, compared to the number of mothers who consider that their children are overweight, for this we identified the factors with potential obesity and we looked for the associations between the lifestyle and obesity. The higher prevalence of fast food consumption and sedentary activities among overweight and obese children, highlighted in this study, further confirms the need to promote health through education for healthy eating and lifestyle behavior.
      PubDate: 2022-05-15
      DOI: 10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:2021.0038
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 79 (2022)
       
  • Effect of Polysaccharides on the Physical, Rheological and Thermal
           Properties of a Balanced Canine Food

    • Authors: Jessica María ROSALES-HERNÁNDEZ, Walfred ROSAS-FLORES, Hiram MEDRANO-ROLDÁN, Gerardo Antonio PÁMANES-CARRASCO, Esperanza HERRERA-TORRES, Damián REYES-JÁQUEZ
      Pages: 95 - 110
      Abstract: The structuring of food is mainly done through a complex set of various food materials, such as proteins, polysaccharides, lipids, minerals, and water. Among these components, proteins and polysaccharides are the most used materials in food processing. In extrusion processing, the molecular interactions between its main components play a synergistic role in the achieved structure by performing specific functions in food that affect the sensory, physicochemical, and functional properties. In this research, food for pet animals based on beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), fodder corn (Zea mays L.), polished rice (Oryza Sativa), and polysaccharides as inulin, sodium alginate, and/or a native microbial exopolysaccharide from mining waste, was designed and evaluated. To produce the pellet, a single-screw extruder at 140 rpm and 140°C at the exit zone and the effects of the moisture content [13-18%] and concentration of each polysaccharide [0.3-0.9%] on the physicochemical properties of the food were evaluated. The obtained responses were: 1.16-1.4 for expansion index, 0.8-1.7 g/cm3 for bulk density, 1.5-7.4 g/g for water absorption index, 8.8-12.6% for water solubility index, and 8.8-35 N for hardness. According to the recorded values, native exopolysaccharides can provide better physicochemical characteristics than commercial polysaccharides.
      PubDate: 2022-05-15
      DOI: 10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:2021.0026
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 79 (2022)
       
  • The Impact of Mash pH and Exogenous Phosphorolytic Enzymes on the Release
           of Inositol Phosphates, Fermentable Sugars and Polypeptide Profile in the
           Technology of Buckwheat Beer

    • Authors: Robert DULIŃSKI, Dagmara PONIEWSKA
      Pages: 111 - 116
      Abstract: The first - already published - stage of the project, which conducted optimization of the temperature mashing program, yielded promising results in the form of an increase in the pool of bioactive myo-inositol by 50% in buckwheat wort supplemented with phosphorolytic enzymes. In this study, it was possible to enhance this effect by adjusting the pH of the mash close to the optimal for phytases, which resulted in a nearly 3-fold increase in myo-inositol concentration, while anti-nutritional phytate was reduced by nearly 75% with a mash pH value at 5.0 and supplementation with a cocktail of commercial phosphorolytic enzymes: Finase P and Finase AP. Changes in the polypeptide profile observed in subsequent wort at a reduced pH of the mash indicate the dominant position of polypeptides in the middle range of molecular weights (10-45 kDa). Ion chromatography coupled with amperometric and conductometric detection modes was used to observe the profile of the key components and the changes that occur in fermentation broths at different pH ranges.
      PubDate: 2022-05-15
      DOI: 10.15835/buasvmcn-fst:2021.0045
      Issue No: Vol. 1, No. 79 (2022)
       
 
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