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  Subjects -> VETERINARY SCIENCE (Total: 235 journals)
Showing 1 - 63 of 63 Journals sorted alphabetically
Abanico Veterinario     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Acta Scientiae Veterinariae     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Acta Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advanced Research in Life Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Advances in Small Animal Care     Full-text available via subscription  
Advances in Veterinary Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Veterinary Science and Comparative Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
African Journal of Wildlife Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
AL-Qadisiyah Journal of Veterinary Medicine Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
American Journal of Primatology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 41)
Analecta Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal - Science Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription  
Animal Behaviour     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 258)
Animal Feed Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Animal Health Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Animal Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Animal Reproduction Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Animals     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Annual Review of Animal Biosciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Anthrozoos : A Multidisciplinary Journal of The Interactions of People & Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Applied Animal Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Archives of Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Medical and Biological Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Asian Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Atatürk Üniversitesi Veteriner Bilimleri Dergisi / Atatürk University Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Austral Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Australian Equine Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Avian Pathology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Bangladesh Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bangladesh Veterinarian     Open Access  
BMC Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Peternakan : Bulletin of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Buletin Veteriner Udayana     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Case Reports in Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
CES Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chilean Journal of Agricultural & Animal Sciences     Open Access  
Ciência Animal Brasileira     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Companion Animal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Compendio de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Domestic Animal Endocrinology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Equine Health     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Equine Veterinary Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Equine Veterinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Ethiopian Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Eurasian Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Health Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
FAVE Sección Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Folia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Frontiers in Veterinary Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Global Journal of Animal Scientific Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human & Veterinary Medicine - International Journal of the Bioflux Society     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
ILAR Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Indonesia Medicus Veterinus     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intas Polivet     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Tropical Veterinary and Biomedical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Veterinary Science and Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
InVet     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Applied Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iranian Journal of Veterinary Surgery     Open Access  
Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Iraqi Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Irish Veterinary Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Japanese Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Advanced Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Animal Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Buffalo Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Equine Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Feline Medicine & Surgery     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery Open Reports     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Parasite Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Research in Forestry, Wildlife and Environment     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Small Animal Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Journal of the Hellenic Veterinary Medical Society     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Selva Andina Research Society     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Behavior: Clinical Applications and Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Veterinary Cardiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Veterinary Dentistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Veterinary Forensic Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Education     Partially Free   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Veterinary Medical Research     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medical Diagnosis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Veterinary Science & Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Jurnal Agripet     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Ilmu dan Kesehatan Hewan (Veterinary Science and Medicine Journal)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Medik Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Medika Veterinaria     Open Access  
Jurnal Sain Veteriner     Open Access  
Jurnal Veteriner     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kenya Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
kleintier konkret     Hybrid Journal  
Livestock     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Macedonian Veterinary Review     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Matrix Science Medica     Open Access  
Medical Mycology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Medical Mycology Case Reports     Open Access  
Medicina Veterinária (UFRPE)     Open Access  
Microbes and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Nepalese Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
New Zealand Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
New Zealand Veterinary Nurse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
Nutrición Animal Tropical     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Onderstepoort Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Access Animal Physiology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Open Journal of Animal Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira     Open Access  
Pet Behaviour Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
pferde spiegel     Hybrid Journal  
Polish Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Preventive Veterinary Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Rassegna di Diritto, Legislazione e Medicina Legale Veterinaria     Open Access  
Reproduction in Domestic Animals     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Research in Veterinary Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Revista Acadêmica : Ciência Animal     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Ciência Veterinária     Open Access  
Revista Brasileira de Higiene e Sanidade Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista Cientifica : Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista Colombiana de Ciencia Animal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias (Colombian journal of animal science and veterinary medicine)     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Complutense de Ciencias Veterinarias     Open Access  
Revista de Ciência Veterinária e Saúde Pública     Open Access  
Revista de Ciências Agroveterinárias     Open Access  
Revista de Educação Continuada em Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista de Investigaciones Veterinarias del Perú     Open Access  
Revista de la Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias, UCV     Open Access  
Revista de Medicina Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revista de Salud Animal     Open Access  
Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Pecuarias     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista MVZ Córdoba     Open Access  
Revista Veterinaria     Open Access  
Revue Marocaine des Sciences Agronomiques et Vétérinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revue Vétérinaire Clinique     Full-text available via subscription  
Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde     Hybrid Journal  
Science and Animal Health     Open Access  
Scientific Journal of Animal Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Scientific Journal of Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Small Ruminant Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Spei Domus     Open Access  
Sri Lanka Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
SVU-International Journal of Veterinary Sciences     Open Access  
Tanzania Veterinary Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
team.konkret     Open Access  
Theoretical and Applied Veterinary Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Theriogenology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Tierärztliche Praxis Ausgabe G: Großtiere / Nutztiere     Hybrid Journal  
Tierärztliche Praxis Ausgabe K: Kleintiere / Heimtiere     Hybrid Journal  
Topics in Companion Animal Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Transboundary and Emerging Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Trends in Parasitology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Tropical Animal Health and Production     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Tropical Animal Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Tropical Veterinarian     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Turkish Journal of Veterinary Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ukrainian Journal of Veterinary and Agricultural Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Van Veterinary Journal     Open Access  
VCOT Open     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
veterinär spiegel     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Veterinaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Veterinaria (Montevideo)     Open Access  
Veterinaria México     Open Access  
Veterinaria México OA     Open Access   (Followers: 1)

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International Journal of Livestock Research
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2277-1964
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  • Legal Setup and Performance of Post-Privatization Artificial Insemination
           Service Providers in Nyeri County, Kenya

    • Abstract: 2017-01-05T20-12-21Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Alex Mirara, Timothy Maitho, Ursulla Achieng Okoth.
      This study investigated the differences between the various legal entities of service provider organizations which provide the privatized artificial insemination services in Nyeri County, Kenya. The study found that 89.5% of the service providers were serving as private entities, 7.0% were in Cooperative societies while 3.5% were serving as farmers’ self-help groups. All the AI practitioners used motorcycles for transport and stored semen in liquid nitrogen tanks. Government support to AI service providers was only in form of training which was received by 21% of the service providers. Non-governmental organizations also provided training to 17.5% of the respondents. However, these organizations provided financial credit to 3.5% as well as equipment support to 3.5% of the service providers. It was concluded that private AI service providers have a potential of performing better than Cooperative societies or self-help groups despite the benefits of farmers having a jointly owned service.

      PubDate: Sun, 01 Jan 2017 23:38:11 GMT
       
  • Studies on production Performance of Tharparkar cattle at Organized Farm

    • Abstract: 2017-01-05T20-12-21Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Geetesh Mishra, Mohammed Faheem Siddiqui, Vinayak Shivajirao Ingle, Mahendra Singh Meel.
      The present study was carried out from the data obtained on the production performance of 95 Tharparkar cattle. The overall least squares mean of days to reach peak yield, peak yield, lactation milk yield, lactation length and milk yield per day of lactation length were as 43.38± 0.66 days, 12.71± 0.13 kg, 2261.28 ± 37.26 kg, 294.93 ± 2.58 days and 7.62 ± 0.10 kg. The Least Squares Analysis of Variance has revealed highly significant (P

      PubDate: Sun, 01 Jan 2017 23:32:54 GMT
       
  • Bioactive peptides from milk

    • Abstract: 2017-01-05T20-12-21Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Abhijit Kashinath Barate, Chandrakant Dadaso Bhong, Deepali Tanaji Sakunde.
      Proteins from bovine milk can yield different types of biologically active peptides. These peptides have been shown to have many beneficial effects on human health. This report gives a brief summary on bioactive peptides, their health benefits and production.

      PubDate: Sun, 01 Jan 2017 23:27:00 GMT
       
  • Effect of Feeding Bypass Protein Feed on Milk Production, Composition and
           Return over Feed Cost from Buffaloes of Tribal Areas in Panchmahal and
           Vadodara Districts

    • Abstract: 2017-01-05T20-12-21Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Chanchal Raghuraj Waghela, Subhash Parnerkar, Makarand Barbadikar.
      The study involving eighty buffaloes in their second to fourth lactation in Panchmahal and Vadodara districts indicated that during early lactation inclusion of concentrate mixture with bypass protein in the ration resulted in significant improvement in yield of whole milk, fat and 6% Fat Corrected Milk (FCM). The improved feed conversion efficiency in treatment group resulted in higher return over feed cost. The farm animals in 15-60 days post-partum period were selected based on their average daily milk yield and fat per cent following Completely Randomized Design, for the trial of 90 days duration at tribal villages in Panchmahal and Vadodara districts. The selected buffaloes were randomly allotted to two dietary treatments i.e. T1 (Control) and T2 (Bypass protein feed). The buffaloes in control group (T1) were fed as per the feeding schedule followed by the farmers (concentrate + green roughage + dry roughage) and those in treatment group (T2) were reared on farm feeding schedule + compound concentrate mixture containing bypass protein. The inclusion of bypass protein feed in early lactating buffaloes resulted in improvement in milk quantity and quality as well as feed conversion efficiency which led to increase in daily income by Rs. 29.18 ± 5.18 and 29.53 ± 7.33 per buffalo in Panchmahal and Vadodara districts, respectively.

      PubDate: Mon, 26 Dec 2016 21:41:36 GMT
       
  • Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing of Campylobacter jejuni at
           Debrebirhan North-Shoa Ethiopia

    • Abstract: 2016-12-26T12-43-06Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Yeshimebet Chanyalew, Daniel Asrat.
      Thermophilic Campylobacter have been recognized as an important cause of food born bacteria resulting in a diarrhea in different places of the world. There are few reports on the susceptibilities of thermotolerant Campylobacter strains in human, animal and foods of animal origin in Ethiopia. During a 9 month period from August 2011 to April 2012, 43 Campylobacter jejuni were isolated from fecal and carcass swab samples respectively on blood free mCCDA agar plate in micro aerobic atmosphere and were confirmed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). The antimicrobial susceptibility test was carried out for forty three clinical isolate of Campylobacter jejuni by agar disc diffusion method. Most of the isolates tested were 100 % susceptible to penicillin and nalidixic acid 97.7% gentamicin and ciprofloxacin, 95.3 % streptomycin and chloramphenicol, 90.7% to erythromycin, 74.4 % to tetracycline and 65.1% to ampicillin. Resistance was found 34.9% to ampicillin, 23.3% to tetracycline and 7% erythromycin with only 2.3% intermediate to tetracycline and erythromycin, whereas none was susceptible isolate to cephalothin. In our study area penicillin, streptomycin, and nalidixic acid show good antimicrobial activities against Campylobacter.

      PubDate: Thu, 22 Dec 2016 23:21:04 GMT
       
  • Effect of Crude Soy Lecithin with or Without Lipase on Performance and
           Carcass Traits, Meat Keeping Quality and Economics of Broiler Chicken

    • Abstract: 2016-12-26T12-43-06Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      S.B. Nagargoje, M. V. Dhumal, M. G. Nikam, K. K. Khose.
      The experiment was conducted using four hundred unsexed day old Vencobb strain of broiler for 42 days. The experiment was designed to evaluate the effect of crude soy lecithin with or without lipase on performance, carcass traits and keeping quality of meat of broilers chicken. The birds were divided into four dietary treatments with four replicates of 25 birds each. Treatment Group A ( control- basal diet) without soy lecithin and Lipase while B basal diet with lipase, C Basal diet with 50% soy lecithin and D Basal diet with 50% soy lecithin and lipase. The data obtained were subjected to Analysis of variance in a completely randomized Design. The significant (P

      PubDate: Wed, 21 Dec 2016 01:31:24 GMT
       
  • Prevalence and Seasonal Variation of Parasitic Diseases in Dogs Presented
           at Small Animal Clinic of Veterinary Teaching Hospital, University of
           Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Between 2001 And 2005

    • Abstract: 2016-12-26T12-43-06Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Olaifa, Abayomi Kayode.
      AbstractA retrospective study of data from clinical records at veterinary teaching hospital, university of Ibadan was undertaken to determine the prevalence and seasonal variation of parasitic diseases diagnosed in dogs, between 2001 and 2005. The data generated were analyzed demographically using descriptive statistics. Out of the 753 cases examined within the study period, helminthosis had the highest occurrence of 470 (62.4%) followed by piroplasmosis, Ticks, mange, myiasis, Erhlichiosis, intestinal protozoa, Trypanosomiasis and Dermatomycosis with 100(13.3%), 99(13.1%), 49(6.5%), 15(2%), 11(1.5%), 4(0.5%), 4(0.5%) and 1(0.1%) number of cases respectively. Based on seasons, late dry season had the highest occurrence of 213 (28.3%) followed by early dry season with 203 (27%), late rainy season with 175 (23.2%) and early rainy season with 162 (21.5%). Based on years, 2005 had the highest occurrence of 267 (35.5%) followed by 2004 with 165 (21.9%) and 2003 with 130 (17.3%). The year 2001 and 2002 had the lowest occurrence of 97 (12.9%) and 94 (12.5%) respectively. The higher prevalence during dry season could be due to the environmental stress experienced during the period which might exert a negative influence on the immune system of the host, thereby increasing the likelihood for infection. Sensitization and Education of dog owners on preventive measures is vital in curbing some of these parasitic health problems.Keywords: Parasitic diseases, season, dog, prevalence

      PubDate: Tue, 20 Dec 2016 07:26:14 GMT
       
  • Dog Fighting in Some European Countries

    • Abstract: 2016-12-26T12-43-06Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Orhan Yılmaz.
      Aim of this paper is to revise dog fighting in some European countries. Dog fighting has been illegal in some world countries such as Canada, USA, in most South American countries, Australia, Afghanistan, India, Japan, Pakistan, and the Republic of South Africa. These blood sports were officially eliminated in 1835 as Britain began to introduce animal welfare laws. Dog fighting and the possession of any fighting equipment designed for dog fighting is illegal in. In Russia which has part of Europe dogfighting is prohibited in much of the West.

      PubDate: Tue, 20 Dec 2016 07:22:07 GMT
       
  • Sausage formulation and effects of addition of different non-meat
           ingredients on sausages: A review

    • Abstract: 2016-12-18T06-43-58Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Sabahu Noor, Nair Shruti Radhakrishnan and Khalid Hussain.
      Sausage is chopped or ground meat that has been blended with spices and other seasonings and usually stuffed in natural or manufactured casings. Sausage making evolved as an effort to economize and preserve meat that could not be consumed fresh at slaughter. Non-meat ingredients are used to impart flavor, slow bacterial growth and increase the yield of the sausage. These include water, salt, sugar, nonfat dry milk, extenders and binders, and spices. In sausage making, qual¬ity standards are maintained while using most parts of the animal carcass. Sausage is a convenient food available in a great number of varieties and flavors. Sausages are an excellent source of high quality protein, containing all the essential amino acids in appropriate amounts neces¬sary for growth, maintenance and repair of body tissue. Sausage also provides significant amounts of vitamins and minerals. In this review development of sausage production practices and effects of incorporation of the different non-meat ingredient on meat products specially meat sausages were discussed. The beneficial effects of added ingredients viz. vegetable protein, whey protein, herbs, fibers and spices in meat products especially meat sausages were discussed along with quality of meat products. Further, the addition of non-meat ingredients not only improve the quality of the meat products, but also reduce the cost and have beneficial health effects on consumers.

      PubDate: Sun, 18 Dec 2016 00:39:48 GMT
       
  • ELECTRO CARDIOGRAPHIC STUDIES ON KETAMINE AND THIOPENTAL AS INDUCTION
           AGENTS FOR ISOFLURANE INHALATION ANAESTHESIA IN DOGS.

    • Abstract: 2016-12-11T09-44-25Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Dr. Maddimadugu Sravanti, Dr. Gireesh Kumar, Dr. K B P Raghavendar, Dr. V Purushotham.
      The present clinical study was carried out on 12 dogs. These dogs were randomly divided into two groups. Six dogs of each group following premedication Ketamine and Thiopental sodium were used as induction agents. Immediately after induction, the dogs.were intubated and anaesthesia was maintained with inhalation of Isoflurane for castration and ovariohysterectomy procedures. Electro cardiography studies in the dogs of both the groups revealed no abnormalities in the sizes of P, QRS or T- waves, no changes in the cardiac axes and no arrhythmias of any kind in any dog of any of the groups. Both the anaesthetic protocols studied in the present study resulted in minimal, clinically insignificant changes in the electro cardiographic parameters.

      PubDate: Mon, 05 Dec 2016 20:33:38 GMT
       
  • Therapeutic Management of Ascites in a Bitch: A case report

    • Abstract: 2016-12-11T09-44-25Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Tukheswar Chutia, Santanu Ghorai, Kalyan Sarma, Gunjan Das, Suvendu Kumar Behera, Bedanga Konwar, Fazal Ali Ahmed, K. Lalrintluanga.
      Three years old crossbred bitch was presented with distended abdomen. The bitch was spayed two weeks back. Based on abdominal palpation and ultrasonography, it was diagnosed as a case of ascites. The animal was treated with a combination of Lasix, Aldactone, D10, Hermin, Dexona and Intacef upon regular monitoring assisted in successful recovery.

      PubDate: Mon, 05 Dec 2016 20:25:37 GMT
       
  • Production traits optimization with polyherbal performance enhancer in
           layer birds

    • Abstract: 2016-12-11T09-44-25Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      S. J. Manwar, D. H. Rekhate, M.V. Joshi, S. P. Waghmare, S.V. Kuralkar, M. J. Saxena, K. Ravikanth, S. Maini, A. Choudhary.
      40 healthy, day old BV 300 layer chicks were randomly allotted into 2 treatment groups. Group T0 (n=20) control group birds were offered standard basal ration only from day 0 to week 38th and Group T1 (n=20) birds were offered basal feed along Xlivpro premix at 250g/tonne of feed (Excellent Performance Enhancer) (M/s Ayurvet Limited) regularly from day 0 to week 38th. Efficacy of product supplementation was evaluated on the basis of parameter viz. body weight, feed conversion ratio, hen housed egg production, age at first egg, serum biochemical parameters, egg quality traits and economics. Statistical analysis of results revealed that Xlivpro premix supplementation significantly improved the layer birds performance. Improvement in egg production and quality traits revealed beneficial effects of supplementing Xlivpro premix in treatment group over untreated control group.

      PubDate: Mon, 05 Dec 2016 20:21:32 GMT
       
  • Factors Affecting Pre-weaning Survivability of Kids in an Organized Goat
           Farm

    • Abstract: 2016-11-27T05-12-38Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Muthukumar Subramaniyan, Thamil Vanan Thanga, Meenakshisundaram Subramanian, Hemalatha Senthilnayagam.
      A study was carried out to find out the factors influencing kid survivability in an organized goat farm with more than 500 breedable Tellicherry does at Kancheepuram district, Tamil Nadu. Detailed study was carried out in all the 52 kids died out of 551 live kids born during the study period of nine months. The influence of dam weight at kidding, birth weight, dam’s milk yield, litter size, kid sex, age of susceptibility and parity on kid survivability were studied. The chi square analysis of the data revealed that significantly higher survival rate were recorded in kids born to dams of 25-40 kg body weight with 300-500 ml of milk yield per day with more than 1.5 kg birth weight, kids born as singles and after third parity survived better (P< 0.01). On detailed laboratory examination of dead kids revealed Clostridium perfringens type D was found to be the single major cause of mortality in kids accounting 65.38% of total mortality in this farm.

      PubDate: Fri, 25 Nov 2016 21:00:12 GMT
       
  • Testicular and Epididymal Characteristics of Rabbit Bucks Fed Tephrosia
           bracteolata Leaf Meal

    • Abstract: 2016-11-27T05-12-38Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Adakole Hyacinth Abu, Ibrahim Abel Okwori, Terzungwe Ahemen, Leo Daniel Ojabo.
      Twenty crossbred rabbit bucks aged 9 - 11 weeks were used to study the effects of varying levels of Tephrosia bracteolata leaf meal on testicular and epididymal morphometry, and cauda epididymal sperm characteristics. The rabbit bucks were randomly assigned into four experimental treatments designated as T1, T2, T3 and T4 of five animals and was replicated five times with one rabbit buck per replicate in a completely randomized design. The results showed no significant (P>0.05) decrease on the morphometric dimensions of testes and epididymides, except the weights of testes and epididymides were significantly (P0.05) among the treatment groups. The findings of this study indicated that dietary inclusion of Tephrosia bracteolata leaf meal up to 15% per feed had no adverse effect on the epididymal sperm quality of rabbit. It is therefore suggested that Tephrosia bracteolata leaves could be used in rabbit diets.

      PubDate: Tue, 22 Nov 2016 04:21:02 GMT
       
  • Seasonal Evaluation of Some Disease Conditions of Cattle Slaughtered In
           Ngaoundere-Municipal Abattoir, Cameroon

    • Abstract: 2016-11-27T05-12-38Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Manchang Tanyi Kingsley, Mfopit Mouliom Youssouf, Awah Ndukum Julius, Nguini Atanga Joseph, Germanus Soh Bah, Henri Bayemi.
      Studies were conducted in the Ngaoundere Municipal abattoir from May 2012 to March 2013 to have an insight on diseases of cattle slaughtered. Ante mortem and post mortem examinations were done on a total of 4072 cattle during eighty two visits at a rate of twice per week on randomly selected days. The results showed that 93.2 % of slaughtered cattle were cows. Tick infestation (33.3 %), dermatophilosis (13.7 %) and fatigue (3 %) were the major health conditions observed following ante mortem examination. However, fasciolosis (27%), pulmonary tuberculosis (6.6%), generalized hematomas (7%) were the major gross pathologies observed at postmortem. Significantly higher (P

      PubDate: Sun, 20 Nov 2016 21:40:22 GMT
       
  • A Mini Review on the Antimicrobial Treatment, Mechanisms and Patterns of
           Resistance among Clinical, Veterinary and Environmental isolates of
           Burkholderia pseudomallei

    • Abstract: 2016-11-20T05-10-51Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Muhammad Abubakar Sadiq, Latiffah Hassan, Saleha Abdul Aziz, Zunita Zakaria.
      The causative agent of human and animal melioidosis, Burkholderia pseudomallei is a saprophytic organism that is widely distributed in various environmental niches such as soil and water in endemic regions. Infection results from exposure to environments containing B. pseudomallei through direct skin inoculation or contamination of wounds, and inhalation of aerosolised bacteria. The infection is usually treatable with antibiotics but the treatments are becoming difficult, because these bacteria demonstrate a high level of intrinsic resistance against most common clinically relevant antibiotics. There are various mechanisms involved in B. pseudomallei antimicrobial resistance, four among which have been established; expression of multiple drug efflux pumps of the resistance-nodulation-cell division (RND) superfamily, production of hydrolytic enzymes, β-lactamases, deletion of antibiotic target and reduced drug uptake due to outer membrane protein (Omp), BpsOmp38. Most of these mechanisms were established among clinical strains of B. pseudomallei such information among the veterinary and environmental isolates is limited. However there appears to be no distinction between antimicrobial susceptibility and resistance pattern amongst the strains isolated from human and those isolated from animal or environmental sources. The emergence of resistance particularly to ceftazidime, carbapenems, Trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, has serious clinical implications, for therapeutic efficacy of both initial and eradication phase drugs are compromised. There is need for more investigation into clinical, veterinary and environmental isolates of B. pseudomallei to determine the antibiotic susceptibility and resistance pattern and characterization of the various antimicrobial resistance genes recognized in the B. pseudomallei genome to elucidate their role in conferring resistance to antimicrobial agents. The information about the resistance mechanisms is imperative in future efforts in design of antimicrobial agents targeting these mechanisms.

      PubDate: Sat, 19 Nov 2016 09:23:03 GMT
       
  • INFLUENCE OF MICROBIAL PHYTASE ON WEIGHT GAIN, FEED CONSUMPTION, FCR,
           CALCIUM, PHOSPHORUS RETENTION AND ECONOMICS OF BROILER WITH OR WITHOUT
           FEED MATRIX

    • Abstract: 2016-11-20T05-10-51Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      MANIK DHUMAL, Mahalsakant Nikam, Rajeev Marewad, shrikant Deshmukh.
      An experiment was conducted to evaluate the performance of broiler by supplementation of Phytase with or without using feed matrix. 375 day old Vencobb400 straight run chicks were weighed and distributed randomly into five treatment groups viz, A, B, C, D and E with three replicates of 25 chicks each. The recommended nutritional matrix for 500 FTU and 1000 FTU was used as per manufacturer guidelines. Treatment group A was basal diet without phytase enzyme. The body weights, weight gain, feed consumption and FCR up to 6th week of age were non-significant. The performance of Phytase supplemented groups was at par to that of control even by reducing the nutrients as per matrix and best performance was observed for Treatment groups E . The serum calcium values at 42 days did not differ significantly, however serum phosphorus values showed significant (P

      PubDate: Sat, 19 Nov 2016 09:18:34 GMT
       
  • Influence of Dietary Supplementation of Synbiotics as an Alternative to
           Antibiotic Growth Promoters on Performance, Ultrastructure and
           Histomorphology of Gut Integrity in Broilers

    • Abstract: 2016-11-20T05-10-51Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Rayala Reddy .V, Ravinder Reddy .V, Panda A. K, Chinni Preetam .V and Baswa Reddy .P.
      Although beneficial effects of the most growth promoters are revealed particularly when flocks encounter stress conditions, in the present study regarding effects of the growth promoters on growth performance and intestinal histomorphometry, it might be concluded that synbiotic @ 250mg/kg in diet could be considered as a suitable alternative for antibiotics as a growth promoter in broiler diets.

      PubDate: Thu, 17 Nov 2016 22:33:39 GMT
       
  • SURGICAL MANAGEMENT OF BOVINE SOLID DERMOID CHORISTOMA ON MEMBRANA
           NICTITANS – A CASE REPORT

    • Abstract: 2016-11-13T10-00-19Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      BISWADEEP JENA, Sagar Sahoo, Kiran Pattaniak, Anjali Padhan.
      A six and half month old Jersey cross bred calf was presented with history of epiphora, blepharospasm, keratoconjunctivitis in its left eye. Anamnesis, clinical and histopathological examinations revealed presence of solid dermoid choristoma at the edge of membrane nictinans (third eyelid). Obligation of proper surgical techniques and maintenance of adequate postoperative measures rewarded with uneventful recovery.

      PubDate: Thu, 10 Nov 2016 09:25:57 GMT
       
  • Comparison of Different Regimens for Balanced Anesthesia in Rabbits

    • Abstract: 2016-11-13T10-00-19Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Dibyajyoti Talukdar, Janmoni Shyam, Bitupona Deuri, Papori Talukdar.
      The study was planned to compare the efficacy of different anesthetic combinations for induce balanced anesthesia in rabbits. Eighteen adult (12-18 months) New Zealand White rabbits of either sex weighting from (980-1800) gm were used in this study. Rabbits were divided into three equal groups (3 males - 3 females) in each group. The rabbits were anesthetized by intramuscular injection of different drug combinations: Detomidine (150µg/kg) + Ketamine (25mg/kg) in group A. Xylazine (2.5mg/kg) + Ketamine (25mg/kg) in group B. Midazolam (0.1mg/kg) + ketamine (25mg/kg) in group C. Rectal temperature, respiratory rate, heart rhythm, degree of analgesia, degree of muscle relaxation and eye reflexes (palpebral and corneal reflexes), pupil size, were recorded before the IM injection of the drugs (time zero) as a control data and after 5, 10, 15, 20, 30, 45, 60, 75 minutes of injection respectively until the rabbit response to external stimuli. Induction time, anesthesia time and recovery time were recorded. The ovariohysterectomy in female and castration in male were carried out to study the efficiency of anesthetics. No significant difference was recorded for induction time, while the anesthesia time in group B was significantly longer than the other groups. Recovery time was significantly longer group A than the other groups. Superior analgesia and muscle relaxation were observed in group B. In conclusion, the mixture of Xylazine and Ketamine seems to be superior as balanced anesthetic drugs in rabbits.

      PubDate: Thu, 10 Nov 2016 09:22:54 GMT
       
  • Isolation of Spermatogonial stem cell and its viability in mice by
           different enzymatic digestion methods

    • Abstract: 2016-11-06T06-40-49Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Kaavya R., Kannan T.A, Sabiha Hayath basha, Vairamuthu S., Geetha Ramesh.
      The mouse SSCs can be isolated using two step enzymatic digestion method using different enzyme combinations. To conclude, Type II enzymatic digestion method yielded cells, more in number and viable percentage in both pre-pubertal and post-pubertal age groups, than in Type I enzymatic digestion method. The present study provided basic protocol for isolation of maximum yield of functionally viable, spermatogonial stem cell population for further research or therapy.

      PubDate: Thu, 03 Nov 2016 02:38:52 GMT
       
  • RESPONSE OF BROILER CHICKEN TO PARBOILED MANGO SEED KERNEL MEAL (PMKM)
           BASED DIET FORTIFIED WITH VITAMINS

    • Abstract: 2016-11-06T06-40-49Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Rafiu T Adewale, Odunsi A Adeyinka, Akinwumi O Akinyinka, Olakanlo O Damilola, Anwo O Joseph.
      This study was carried out to investigate effect of vitamins supplementation of PMKM based diet on performance, organ and carcass properties of broiler birds. Five diets (T1; the control, T3-T5 contained 20% PMKM and vitamin(s) C &/or E) were formulated and 150 birds were used for the experiment. Feed and water were supplied ad-libitum. Weekly weight was monitored, while organs and carcass cut parts were obtained and evaluated at eight weeks. Final weight, average daily weight gain and feed conversion ratio (FCR) of control was significantly better than PMKM based diets, likewise breast meat (17.18). Highest proportion (p

      PubDate: Mon, 31 Oct 2016 02:54:38 GMT
       
  • Histopathological and Molecular Diagnosis of Infectious Laryngotracheitis
           in Tunisia - First Report

    • Abstract: 2016-10-30T05-00-01Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Khaled Kaboudi, Jihene Nciri, Abdelkader Amara, Imen Laarbi, Nizar Moalla, Moncef Bouzouaia, Abdeljelil Ghram.
      Infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT), an acute infection of the upper respiratory tract of chickens, was absent before the end of 2013, in Tunisia. Severe respiratory signs were observed in 48 layer and broiler flocks (3 weeks to 80 weeks old) between June 2013 and June 2016, and characterized with dyspnea, bloody mucus excretion and decrease in egg production. Clinical signs were dominated by congestive and hemorrhagic inflammation of the upper respiratory tract. Histopathological analyses and PCR tests were performed on respiratory tissues of suspected birds. Suggestive lesions of ILT, such as epithelial necrosis, sero-fibrinous and sero-hemorrhagic exudates, syncytia and intranuclear inclusion bodies were observed in layers of the 25 flocks visited. ILTV was detected in 12 out of 31 flocks by conventional PCR, using specific primers for the gB gene of ILTV. Eight of these were positive in histopathology. Our findings confirmed the introduction for the first time of the ILT virus in commercial poultry farms, in Tunisia.

      PubDate: Mon, 24 Oct 2016 00:57:39 GMT
       
  • Effect of Field and Experimentally-induced Cases of Frothy Bloat on
           Physical Examination, Rumen Fermentation Pattern and Blood Constituents in
           Baladi Egyptian Sheep

    • Abstract: 2016-10-23T03-38-14Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Mahmoud Saber Abdulkader.
      Rumen fermentation pattern of sheep is greatly affected by several factors. This research studied the effect of field and experimentally-induced cases of frothy bloat on physical examination, blood constituents and rumen fermentation efficiency in Baladi Egyptian sheep. Sixty-six native breed Baladi Egyptian sheep were classified according to clinical presentation into fifty-eight apparently healthy sheep and eight clinically diseased cases of frothy bloat divided into three field cases due to grazing on lush pasture of barseem and five experimental cases induced by ingestion of cabbage leaves. All animals were subjected to detailed case history, comprehensive clinical examination and sampling of blood and rumen liquor for analysis. Results revealed that field and experimentally-induced cases of rumen frothy bloat caused highly significant increase in pulse and respiratory rates with highly significant decrease in rumen motility. Field cases of frothy bloat caused highly significant increase in Holotricha % and monocytes % with highly significant decrease in TPC, Entodinium %, TVFAs, lactic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, acetic acid, CH4, lymphocytes %, albumin and A/G ratio. Experimentally-induced cases of frothy bloat caused highly significant increase in Hb and MCHC with highly significant decrease in TVFAs, lactic, butyric and acetic acids, A/P ratio, CH4 and CH4/TVFAs %. It could be concluded that barseem lush-pasture bloat has more dramatic effect on rumen fermentation efficiency than bloat due to ingestion of cabbage leaves. Frothy bloat is still field problem of concern despite awareness of sheep farmers. Further investigations are highly recommended from aspects of rumen methane, rumen enzymes and rumen ciliates for therapeutic and productive purposes

      PubDate: Sat, 22 Oct 2016 06:47:51 GMT
       
  • SG 9R Vaccine to control Salmonellosis in poultry breeder flocks in Sri
           Lanka

    • Abstract: 2016-10-23T03-38-14Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Nilukshi Liyanagunawardena, Palika Fernando, Gayani Weerasooriya, Geethanjali Wijewardena, Chandima Samarakoon, Kanchana Abayarathna.
      The present study was conducted as a part of a larger project aimed at evaluating the immunity development of SG 9R vaccine. The experimental protocol included three breeder farms in Sri Lanka, where collection of blood was done before and after vaccination, following which serological tests were carried out. Whole Blood Agglutination Test (WBAT) revealed none of the birds to be sero positive while an indirect ELISA indicated statistically significant (p

      PubDate: Sat, 22 Oct 2016 06:42:40 GMT
       
  • Effect of Broiler Breeder’s Age on Incubation and Chick Quality
           Parameters

    • Abstract: 2016-10-16T03-38-58Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      A.M.J.B. Adikari, M. H. M. Rifkhan, G. A. S. N. Gamlath.
      This study was carried out to evaluate the age effect of broiler breeders on incubation and chick quality parameters. Three different age groups of broiler breeders were selected for the study. Six hundreds eggs from each age group were collected. The experiment was composed with four replicates from each group and each replicate consisted of 150 eggs. Incubation and chick quality parameters were measured and eggs breakout analysis was done. Egg shape indexes were significantly different (P < 0.05) among groups and older flock had the favorable (74.37%) egg shape index. Moisture loss of eggs, hatchability, hatch of fertile were significantly different (P< 0.05) among groups. The median aged flock had the highest percentage of hatchability (90.5%) and hatch of fertile (94.59%). Breakout data analysis revealed middle and late stage dead of embryo were significantly different (P< 0.05). Median aged flock had the lowest dead embryo percentage. Chick quality parameters except chick yield were significantly differed (p < 0.05). In conclusion, age group difference of broiler breeders is a fair predictor of incubation and chick quality parameters while older aged flock shows best quality chicks among three groups.

      PubDate: Mon, 10 Oct 2016 02:36:42 GMT
       
  • COW URINE- THERAPEUTIC VALUE

    • Abstract: 2016-10-08T21-21-27Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      RAJESH KUMAR SAHU, NELAPATI KRISHNAIAH, PUTTURU RAMYA, POLURU ANUSHA.
      Cow is believed as gift of god for the people. Now a days several diseases are occurring to human society which are incurable. Cow urine is panacea of all diseases and used for the treatment of diseases like blood pressure, diabetes, cancer, skin disorder, constipation, AIDS etc. Cow urine contains all the substances which are present in human body. Consumption of cow urine helps in maintaining the balance of body constituents as well as curing of several diseases.

      PubDate: Fri, 07 Oct 2016 19:57:21 GMT
       
  • Development of a palmyrah (Borassus flabelifer) fruit pulp flavoured
           pasteurized milk toned with soy (Glycine max) milk

    • Abstract: 2016-10-01T09-09-35Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Guberan Gunarathnam, sarmini Maheshwaran, Silva saliya frankserendib.
      A study was conducted to develop a palmyrah fruit pulp (PFP) (Borassus flabelifer) flavoured pasteurized milk toned with soy milk (Glycine max) using different percentages of PFP and soy milk sweetened with 7.5% (w/v) sugar based on the recommendations of Sri Lanka Standard Institute (SLSI). Flavoured milk samples were prepared by adding 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10% of PFP (v/v) to cow milk and subjected to sensory evaluation. Subsequently, after the 6% of PFP added flavoured milk was preferred; 10, 20, 30, and 40% of soy milk were used in the preparation of flavoured milk. Flavoured milk prepared using vanilla was used as a control. Based on the results obtained from sensory evaluation, selected samples and control were analysed for nutritional and microbial quality. Milk prepared by adding 6% of PFP and 10% of soy milk resulted in superior sensory and nutritional qualities compared to control sample.

      PubDate: Thu, 29 Sep 2016 01:29:05 GMT
       
  • Prevalence of bovine hydatidosis and its economic importance in cattle
           slaughtered at Bahir Dar municipal abattoir, Northern Ethiopia

    • Abstract: 2016-10-01T09-09-35Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Marege Tadesse Tadesse, Solomon Tesfaye, Petros Admasu.
      A cross-sectional study was conducted from November 2013 to April 2014 with the aim of determining the current prevalence and economic impact of bovine hydatidosis in cattle slaughtered at Bahir Dar municipal abattoir. Out of the total 384 cattle examined visually and manually, 72 (18.75%) were found harboring the parasitic cyst. Out of the total 345 cyst identified, 58.84% were found in lungs, 40.29% in liver and 0.87% in kidneys. Observation during the study period also revealed that the infection rate among different age groups of examined animals were found to be statistically significant (p

      PubDate: Thu, 29 Sep 2016 01:21:48 GMT
       
  • Sero-Prevalence Study of Bovine Brucellosis and Reproductive Problems in
           Small-scale Dairy Farms of North Shewa, Ethiopia

    • Abstract: 2016-09-25T05-30-45Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Mahendra Pal, Dereje Lemu, Shawul Worku, Genene Desta.
      Brucellosis is one of the highly infectious major bacterial diseases of animals and humans. A cross sectional study was carried out between January and March 2012 in order to investigate the sero-prevalence of bovine brucellosis, reproductive problems of dairy cows, and the associated risk factors in North Shewa, Ethiopia. The study population comprised of lactating crossbreed cows managed under small scale dairy farms. Sera samples collected aseptically from 384 cows were screened by Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT). The test result indicated that 3 (0.78%) of cows were found to be positive. These sera were further confirmed by complement fixation test (CFT) and all of them were found to be negative. The questionnaire survey was also administered to 96 households in order to determine the associated risk factors among different age groups, and parity. This study revealed that abortion and retained fetal membrane were found to be the major reproductive problems. The result of chi square analysis showed that there was no significant effect between abortion and retained fetal membranes (RFM), between the age groups, and between parity (P>0.05).The prevalence of abortion and retained fetal membranes were found to be 25 (6.6%) and 31 (8.1%), respectively.The questionnaire results indicated that insufficient animal feeding, poor housing, inadequate veterinary infrastructure and improper management practices were the main causes of low productivity. More effective breeding techniques and reproductive health management should be taken into account in order to improve the fertility of the herd in the study area. Awareness creation and training should be provided to the farming community about the reproductive health problems, improved sanitation, and good hygienic practices. It is emphasized that detailed investigation should be undertaken to elucidate the causes of abortion and retained fetal membranes in the study area. Since brucellosis has public health implications, precautions are needed to prevent the transmission of infection to humans.

      PubDate: Thu, 22 Sep 2016 08:18:55 GMT
       
  • Management of cattle parasitism and use of Anthelmintics in Mixed Farming
           Systems in the Vina Division, Cameroon.

    • Abstract: 2016-09-25T05-30-45Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Ebene Njongui Jean, Mingoas Kilekoung Jean Pierre, Onyali Oliva Ikechuku, Mfopit Youssouf Mouliom, Aboubakar Dandjouma Almeck, Manchang Kingsley Tanyi, Toukala Jean paul, Akuro Andison, Chukwunyere Okwuduri Nwosu.
      In order to assess cattle parasitism management and use of anthelmintics, a questionnaire was administered to randomly selected farmers and veterinarians. Analysis of faecal samples and haemoparasites, and entomological survey were performed. Worm infestations, ectoparasites, infectious diseases and trypanosomosis were major diseases. Helminths control included mainly de-worming using levamisole, ivermectin and albendazole. Faecal egg counts (FEC) showed strongyle-type eggs (75%), Strongyloides papillosus (5%), Trichuris ovis (2%), Toxocara vitullorum (3%). Oocytes, especially Eimeria spp (10%) were present. 2.8% of 107 cattle investigated were positive for Trypanosoma congolense, with lowest Packed Cells Volume, suggesting that farmers may treat animals against trypanosomes without the help of a veterinarian. Ticks included Amblyomma variegatum (29.6%), Hyalomma spp (37.0%), Boophilus spp (29.6 %) and Rhippicephalus spp (3.7%). They were males (40.7%), females (38.9%) and nymphs (20.4%). Since many factors were important predictors of FEC and others such as education of farmers, nutrition, grazing system and control through anthelmintics accounted, these factors should be included in the drawing up of a control program against parasitic diseases.

      PubDate: Thu, 22 Sep 2016 05:20:10 GMT
       
  • GUT MORPHOLOGY AND BLOOD PROFILE OF FINISHER BROILERS FED DIETS CONTAINING
           DRIED BISCUIT DOUGH MEAL

    • Abstract: 2016-09-25T05-30-45Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Muritala Daniel Shittu, Adebayo Olanrewaju Abiola, Olusegun Ojeniyi Ojebiyi, David Olusoji Adejumo.
      This experiment was conducted using one hundred and forty-four unsexed day-old Arbor acre strains of broiler chicks for 56 days. The experiment was designed to evaluate the gut morphology and blood profiles of finisher broilers fed diet containing varied inclusion of dried biscuit dough meal. The birds were divided into four dietary groups with three replications of 12 birds each. Diet one (control) containing 0% biscuit dough while diet 2, 3, and 4 consist 5, 10 and 15% inclusion of biscuit dough in replacement of maize respectively. The data obtained were subjected to one-way analysis of variance in a completely randomized design experiment. No significant (p

      PubDate: Thu, 22 Sep 2016 00:40:51 GMT
       
  • In-vitro study of MIRB labelled Ovine Bone marrow derived Mesenchymal stem
           cells by MRI technique

    • Abstract: 2016-09-20T07-05-26Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Gnanadevi R., Geetha Ramesh, Kannan T.A., Justin William B., Sathyan G. and Sabiha Hayath Basha.
      Internalized MIRB was observed only after 72 hrs of incubation of the cells. The MIRB labelled cells showed decreased intensity when subcultured. Prussian blue staining was done to demonstrate the iron uptake of the cells. MIRB labelled cells showed positive reaction whereas, the unlabelled cells did not show any positive reaction. There was no significant difference in the viability of MIRB labelled BM-MSCs and ADMSCs compared to the unlabelled BM-MSCs and ADMSCs, respectively. The signal intensity in MIRB-labelled cells at passage 4 decreased with increasing concentrations of SPIOs. It is concluded that SPIONs could be used to label BM-MSCs at various passages and they emit signals sufficient to pickup at MRI T2 weighted images.

      PubDate: Mon, 19 Sep 2016 23:43:57 GMT
       
  • Socio- Economic Status of the Goat Farmers in Nadia District Of West
           Bengal

    • Abstract: 2016-09-20T07-05-26Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Keshab Chandra Dhara, Nita Ray, Arunasish Goswami, Prabir Kumar Bandopadhyay.
      The socio- economic status of randomly selected five hundred ten goat farmers in and around Mohanpur village under Haringhata block in the Nadia district of West Bengal state revealed that women (62.75%) were mostly engaged in goat rearing. The majority of the goat owners were within the age group of 30- 45 and they were mostly marginal farmers (64.71%). The goat farmers were mixed in caste and most of them were Hindu by religion (68.63%). Most of the goat owners received training on animal husbandry. The caste, family size or farmers’ education had little impact on income generation but training on animal husbandry helped them to earn more. Thus the socio- economic status of the goat farmers mostly women can be uplifted through training particularly on goat husbandry. Hence the improvement of Black Bengal goat in the farmers’ house towards economic goat rearing and knowledge of scientific breeding practice has a potential for improving the livelihood of the poor farmers.

      PubDate: Sat, 17 Sep 2016 09:05:20 GMT
       
  • The effect of feeding bypass fat and yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
           supplemented total mixed ration on feed intake, rumen fermentation pattern
           and blood biochemical profile of weaner Surti kids

    • Abstract: 2016-09-12T05-38-17Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Sachin Sureshrao Shankhpal, Subhash P Pannerkar.
      A study was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding bypass fat and yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) supplemented total mixed ration comprising of 60: 40 concentrates: jowar hay on the feed intake, rumen fermentation pattern and blood biochemical profile of weaner Surti kids. Twenty-four growing Surti kids of similar body weight were randomly allotted to four groups, six in each. The kids were fed TMR with no bypass fat and yeast (T1); TMR with 2% yeast (T2); TMR with 2% bypass fat (T3) and TMR with a combination of 2% each of yeast and bypass fat (T4). The DM intake of experimental kids did not differ significantly (P>0.05). The rumen parameters studied were within the normal range. The Saccharomyces cerevisiae in combination with bypass fat (T4) group showed highest (P

      PubDate: Wed, 07 Sep 2016 22:02:05 GMT
       
  • Retrospective Study of Reproductive Cases Presented at Veterinary
           Hospitals in Khartoum state, Sudan

    • Abstract: 2016-09-12T05-38-17Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      majdi elnaim badawi.
      ABSTRACT The prevalence of reproductive disorders in various animals was estimated from records of Veterinary Teaching Hospitals in Khartoum state during period from 2012 to 2015. A total number of 255 cases were recorded all over the state and the maximum cases were recorded in Khartoum (Abuhamama)78 (30.6%) followed by Alkadaro73 (28.6 %) Omdurman 49 (19.2%), Hilt Kuku (Alselate currently) (19.2%) and Shambat 6 (2.3%). Caprine were the most common species admitted to these hospitals (65.1%), thereafter bovine (15.7%), ovine (l2.2%), equine and canine (2.7%) and feline (1.6%). The high prevalence rate was observed for uterine prolapse (23.9%), retained placenta (21.2%), metritis (17.3%), abortions (14.9%) and endometritis (11.0%), while, the low prevalence rate was obtained for pyometra (3.9%), orchitis (2.7%) and tumors and hydrometra (1.6%). The largest numbers of reproductive disorders were treated medically (46.3%) whereas, other diseases were handled manually (27.1%), hormonally (19.6%) and surgically (7.1%).

      PubDate: Wed, 07 Sep 2016 21:58:31 GMT
       
  • Management of incomplete uterine inertia in a Labrador bitch: A case
           report

    • Abstract: 2016-09-07T05-38-19Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Dibyajyoti Talukdar, Tukheswar Chutia, Bedanga Knowar, Fazal Ali Ahmed, Gunjan Das.
      A Labrador bitch having fifty four days of pregnancy was presented at college clinics with the history of no sign of labor after birth of one pup. The bitch was found active with dilated cervix. Abdominal palpation and ultrasonographic imaging revealed presence of foetuses in the gravid uterus. The case was further diagnosed as incomplete uterine inertia. In the present case study it was noted that intravenous administration of oxytocin, calcium gluconate and dextrose saline as effective therapeutic agents to expelled the fetuses.

      PubDate: Tue, 06 Sep 2016 01:07:40 GMT
       
  • A RARE CAS E OF UREMIC STOMATITIS IN 8-M0NTH-OLD BUNAJI BULL CALF

    • Abstract: 2016-09-07T05-38-19Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Kaltungo Bilkisu Yunusa, Babashani Mohammed, Andrew Austin, Andrew Austin, Usman Bala, Omeje Jude Nduaka,Tenuche Oremeyi, Akinbobola Jones, Okaiyeto Solomon Olu.
      AbstractA rare case of uremic stomatitis is reported in an 8-month-old Bunaji bull calf. The animal was presented with profuse foamy salivation, dehydration (8%) and weakness. Urinalysis revealed glucosuria, proteinuria and a high specific gravity of urine, high creatinine and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels were also observed in the blood. This calf was revived after 4 days of hospitalization by lowering the uremic toxins in the blood through rehydration.

      PubDate: Thu, 01 Sep 2016 08:00:32 GMT
       
  • THERAPEUTIC MANAGEMENT OF STAGE II MILK FEVER WITH RETAINED PLACENTA IN A
           COW

    • Abstract: 2016-09-01T07-38-39Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse, Eric Lim Teik Chung, Yusuf Abba, Muhammad Abubakar Sadiq, Lawan Adamu, Idris Umar Hambali, Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus, Nur Syamila Zabri, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila, Abd Wahid Haron, Abdul Aziz Saharee.
      Milk fever is a condition where the animal’s body fails to maintain the calcium homeostasis following an upsurge demand of calcium during gestation or lactation. This case reports the clinical management of suspected stage II milk fever with retained placenta in a Friesian cow after parturition of twin calves. A four-year-old Friesian cow weighing 400kg was presented with primary complaint of weakness and inability to stand a day after parturition of two calves. Physical examination revealed that the cow was on sternal recumbency and unable to stand, while the placenta was seen hanging from the vulva region. All vital parameters were normal but the cow was having a weak cardiac rythm. The differential diagnoses at this point of time were milk fever, downers’ cow syndrome and hypophosphatemia. The cow was diagnosed with suspected milk fever based on the history of parturition of two calves and thus leading to hypocalcaemia. The cow was treated with flunixin meglumine 1.1mg/kg once intravenously as anti-inflammatory, anti-pyrexic and analgesic. Then, 500mL of calcium borogluconate (23%) was administered intravenously slowly at the rate of 1drop/second as a source of calcium. The cow responded well to treatment after 10 minutes of administration. In addition, 0.9% normal saline was lavaged into the uterus to irrigate the retained placenta. Subsequently, 20mL of oxytetracycline (20mg/kg) was infused into the uterine body as the final lavage. Finally, broad spectrum long acting oxytetracycline (20mg/kg) antibiotic was given once intramuscularly to prevent secondary bacterial infections. Therapeutic treatment to restore the calcium level in the blood should be the main focus during the management of milk fever.

      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2016 22:57:42 GMT
       
  • Investigation of Intestinal Parasites in Guardian and Herding Dogs of
           Gilanegharb Suburb, Iran

    • Abstract: 2016-09-01T07-38-39Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Farhad Mirani*, Soraya Naem , Mohammad Yakhchali .
      The present study was conducted to investigate the prevalence of canine gastrointestinal helminths in guardian and herding dogs of Gilanegharb suburb during March 2012 to April 2013. A total number of 138 fecal samples were collected. The overall prevalence of gastrointestinal helminths in the studied animals was 44.92%. The mean of prevalence the gastrointestinal helminths was as follows; Toxocara canis (17.39%), the most prevalent helminths in dogs, Ancylostoma caninum (7.97%), Taenia spp. (10.14%) and mixture of these infections (9.42%). Our findings also indicated that young dogs, under 1 year of age, show a higher overall prevalence than that of older dogs, over 12 months of age (P

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Aug 2016 08:46:16 GMT
       
  • Assessment of Nutritive Value of Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]
           Fodder in Sri Lanka

    • Abstract: 2016-09-01T07-38-39Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      PGG Bandara, GGC Premalal, WAD Nayananjalie.
      The study was carried out to compare the yield and nutritive value of recently introduced fodder species; Sorghum var. Sugar Graze with hybrid Napier var. CO-3, commonly used fodder by Sri Lankan dairy farmers. Field experiment was conducted as a Randomized Complete Block Design. Two harvests were obtained at 50% flowering stage and yield parameters, nutritive and anti-nutritive factors were determined. Plant height and dry matter yields of Sugar Graze were significantly (P < 0.05) higher compared to CO-3 in both harvests. However, the highest soluble carbohydrate contents was recorded for Sugar Graze in 2nd harvest. Oxalate contents were significantly lower (P < 0.05) in Sugar Graze compared to CO-3 in both harvests. Sorghum var. Sugar Graze could be effectively utilized to increase nutritional status of dairy cows in Sri Lanka.

      PubDate: Tue, 30 Aug 2016 08:42:26 GMT
       
  • A Suspected Case of Suppurative Frontal Sinusitis in a Friesian Heifer:
           Clinical Management

    • Abstract: 2016-08-27T08-37-52Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse, Yusuf Abba, Muhammed Abubakar Sadiq, Mohammed Umer, Eric Lim Teik Chung, Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus, Nadhirah Siti Latif, Idris Umar Hambali, Abd Wahid Haron, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila.
      A Friesian heifer weighing about 100 kg was presented to the Large Animal Veterinary unit of the Universiti Veterinary Hospital, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia with a complaint of an open wound at the base of the horn after dehorning. Upon physical examination, the infected wound had a purulent discharge. The wound was debrided with Hydrogen peroxide and cleansed with diluted Chlorhexidine gluconate and Tincture iodine solutions. Gentamicin injection (2mg/kg), was administered intramuscularly for 3 days and Ilium Dermapred was topically applied on the wound. Flunixin meglumine (1.1mg/kg) was given intramuscularly as an analgesic agent for 3 days. The improper dehorning procedure resulted in the complications observed in this case. Farmers are advised to always seek the professional services from veterinarians in order to prevent deterioration of such conditions.

      PubDate: Mon, 22 Aug 2016 21:03:51 GMT
       
  • Severe case of a bilateral gangrenous mastitis in a doe: A case report on
           clinical management.

    • Abstract: 2016-08-27T08-37-52Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Faez Firdaus Abdullah Jesse,Asinamai Athliamai Bitrus, Yusuf Abba, Muhammad Abubakar Sadiq, Eric Lim Teik Chung, Idris Umar Hambali, Mohd Azmi Mohd Lila, Abdul Wahid Haron.
      This case report describes the clinical management of a severe gangrenous mastitis in a 35 kg adult doe . The doe was presented to the Universiti Putra Malaysia Veterinary hospital with a complaint of lack of milk production four days after kidding. Clinical examination revealed anorexia, increased body temperature, pulse rate and response to pain upon palpation of the udder. There was exudation of blood-tinged foul smelling exudates when the mammary gland was expressed. Clinical laboratory findings revealed the presence of anemia, neutrophilia with a left shift and monocytosis. Serum biochemistry showed hypophosphatemia, hypocalcemia, hypocreatinemia, hyperuricemia and hyperproteinemia. The doe was administered with Benacillin (1 mL/25 kg) intramuscularly 3/7, flunixin meglumine (2.2 mg/kg) intravenously 7/7, 23% calcium borogluconate (15 mL) subcutaneously and oxytetracycline (20 mg/kg) once intramuscularly. Medical management of this case was not successful and bilateral mastectomy was opted and performed. The doe w recovered and was discharged. To prevent mastectomy due to gangrenous masitis, early intervention is critical and paramount.

      PubDate: Mon, 22 Aug 2016 21:01:18 GMT
       
  • Growth Performance of Purebred Naked Neck Tswana and Black Australorp x
           Naked Neck Tswana Crossbred Chickens under an Intensive Management System
           in Botswana

    • Abstract: 2016-08-22T14-42-51Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Kebadiretse Mothibedi, Shalaulani James Nsoso, Esau E. Waugh, Patrick Monametsi Kgwatalala.
      The current study was aimed at evaluating growth performance of Black Australorp × indigenous naked neck Tswana chickens F1 crossbred progeny relative to purebred indigenous naked neck Tswana chickens under an intensive management system in Botswana. A total of 66 Australorp x Tswana crossbred chickens and 66 purebred indigenous Tswana chickens were housed in a deep litter house and evaluated for body weight every fortnight from 4-20 weeks of age. The chickens were provided with water and commercial feeds ad libitum. Males of both crossbred and purebred chickens were generally heavier (p

      PubDate: Thu, 18 Aug 2016 08:35:31 GMT
       
  • Effects of Topical 17β Estradiol on Wound Healing and Hemato-Biochemical
           Changes In West African Dwarf Goats

    • Abstract: 2016-08-12T07-02-25Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Abayomi Kayode Olaifa, Olaifa Olanrewaju Samuel, Omotayo Magaret Banjoko.
      Animal studies have shown that steroid sex hormones such as estrogen may be helpful in the regulation of several pathophysiologic stages that are involved in wound healing. This study therefore investigated the effects of topical estradiol on wound healing and hemato-biochemical changes in West African dwarf (WAD) goats. Ten WAD goats were used for the study randomly divide into two equal groups of five goats each; the first group served as the control while the second group were treated topically with estrogen. Healing process was compared between the two groups, haematology and serum biochemistry were carried out at each phases of the healing process. The result showed a significant improved wound contraction in the estrogen treated by days 12, 15 and 17. Haematological analysis revealed significantly (P

      PubDate: Wed, 10 Aug 2016 22:59:12 GMT
       
  • Spatio-Temporal Epidemiological Analysis of Livestock Diseases: A Case of
           Tamil Nadu State In India

    • Abstract: 2016-08-07T07-03-33Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Paramanandham Krishnamoorthy, Gurappa Naidu Govindaraj, Bibek Ranjan Shome, Habibur Rahman.
      In the present study, spatio-temporal analysis of eight livestock diseases was undertaken for Tamil Nadu state in India. Data(2002-14) on outbreaks, diagnosed cases, death cases were collected and analyzed for cumulative outbreaks, year, seasonal and zone wise, and calculated prevalence, mortality and case fatality rates(CFR). Cumulative outbreaks revealed Anthrax(109) was high followed by Foot and mouth disease[FMD](99), Peste des petits ruminants[PPR](45) and other diseases. Season wise analysis revealed increased outbreaks during North east monsoon. Agroclimatic zone and cluster analysis revealed highest outbreaks occurred in Northeastern and South zones. Prevalence rate was high in FMD(4.37) and low in BQ, ET(0.005). Mortality and CFR were highest in PPR(1.97) and Anthrax(96.71%) and lowest in BQ, ET(0.04) and FMD(11.79%), respectively. Bio-climatograhs showed relationship between rainfall and disease outbreaks. Thus, preventive vaccinations against anthrax, FMD, PPR have to be initiated in two zones before monsoon to mitigate livestock diseases in Tamil Nadu and boost economy.

      PubDate: Sat, 06 Aug 2016 09:11:06 GMT
       
  • Effect of vitamin E and Selenium treatment on parturition in Kundhi
           buffalo

    • Abstract: 2016-08-02T04-04-16Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Imran Rao, Pershotam Khatri, Moolchand Malhi, Shahid Hussain Abro, Riaz Ahmed Laghari, Rani Abro, Saeed Ahmed Soomro.
      AbstractThe study was conducted to evaluate the effect of vitamin E and selenium on postpartum uterine involution in Kundhi buffalo. The study based on the objective of evaluating the effect of vitamin E and Selenium treatment on parturition in Kundhi buffalo. The experimental animals were divided into two groups i.e. control having 10 animals and experimental group having 30 animals. The parameters studied were uterine involution, first post partum estrus, secretion of lochia and pregnancy rate. The results of the present investigation revealed that pregnancy determined through rectal pregnancy diagnosis and it was found that 60% positive in experimental group compare to control group which was 50%. The expulsion of placenta in experimental group after 08, 12 and 16 hours after expulsion of fetus were 70, 20, 10% respectively, whereas, in control group it was 40, 30 and 30% respectively.

      PubDate: Sun, 31 Jul 2016 04:41:59 GMT
       
  • Hygienic Quality of Yoghurt and Curd of Medium and Small-Scale Processors:
           A study in relation to several provinces of Sri Lanka

    • Abstract: 2016-07-04T05-34-54Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Nilukshi Liyanagunawardena, Palika Fernando, Gayani Weerasooriya, Shyamali de Alwis, SA Thalagoda.
      The present study was aimed at analyzing the hygienic quality of yoghurt and curd submitted to Veterinary Research Institute as per the prevailing Sri Lankan Standards Institution (SLSI) standards for microbiological tolerance limits and also at comparing the hygienic quality of products of medium versus small- scale producers. Microbial quality assessment of a total of 156 yoghurt and 91 curd samples was determined using the total coliform count and total yeast and mould count. Results of the present study revealed that only 51.9% (81/156) and 48.3% (44/91) of the samples of yoghurt and curd, respectively, were up to the SLSI standards. Comparison as per the SLSI standards, in medium (66.2%) versus small-scale (32.8%) yoghurt as well as in medium (60.4%) versus small- scale (34.8%) curd displayed a significant difference (p

      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2016 23:55:36 GMT
       
  • Control of Poultry Salmonellosis: Detection of carrier status in
           Grandparent Farms in Sri Lanka

    • Abstract: 2016-07-04T05-34-54Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Nilukshi Liyanagunawardena, Palika Fernando, Roshan Madalagama, Gayani Weerasooriya, Geethanjali Wijewardena, Chandima Samarakoon, Kanchana Abayarathna.
      In Sri Lanka, the control programme for Salmonellosis is carried out by Department of Animal Production and Health (DAPH), in order to keep Salmonella carrier status at a less than 1% level in poultry breeder flocks. This study was aimed at serologically verifying the Salmonella carrier status in the two Grand Parent farms during the period of 2011- 2013, by performing whole blood agglutination test. In the present study, a total of 10 batches (nA=20915) from one farm and 9 batches (nB=4651) from the other were tested for antibody detection, once the age of the birds reached 20 weeks. The results revealed the Salmonella carrier status to be below 1%, in both farms during the study period as recommended by the DAPH.

      PubDate: Fri, 01 Jul 2016 23:52:45 GMT
       
  • Effects of Aqueous Extract of Moringa oleifera leaves on Epidermal Wound
           Healing in Domestic Rabbit

    • Abstract: 2016-06-29T11-30-14Z
      Source: International Journal of Livestock Research
      Abayomi Kayode Olaifa.
      ABSTRACTA study was undertaken to assess the healing properties of Moringa oleifera leaf extract on epidermal wounds in rabbits. Twelve adult rabbits were divided into two equal groups of six. A pair of wound measuring 2cm x 2cm each was created on each rabbit. The wound on the rabbits in the experimental group were treated with Moringa oleifera aqueous leaf extracts while those in the control group were cleaned with distilled water daily. Wound contraction was measured daily with days 5, 9 and 12 representing the inflammatory, proliferative and maturation phases of wound healing respectively. Blood samples were collected on days 0, 5, 9 and 12 for analysis. Moringa oleifera leaf extract-treated animals had faster rates of wound contraction and healing with shorter days of scab fall off within 7 days; increases in packed cell volume, mean corpuscular volume, lymphocyte and neutrophil counts (P

      PubDate: Mon, 27 Jun 2016 00:13:24 GMT
       
 
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