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Veterinary Research Communications
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.589
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 1  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0165-7380 - ISSN (Online) 1573-7446
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • The detection and phylogenetic analysis of Anaplasma phagocytophilum-like
           1, A. ovis and A. capra in sheep: A. capra divides into two genogroups

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      Abstract: Abstract In this study, the presence, prevalence, and genotypes of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, A. ovis, and A. capra in sheep were investigated based on 16 S SSU rRNA, groEL, and gtlA gene-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR), respectively. The sequences of the genes were used for detection of the phylogenetic position of the species. Additionally, a restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) were carried out for discrimination of A. phagocytophilum and related variants (A. phagocytophilum-like 1 and 2). The prevalence of Anaplasma spp. was found as 25.8% (101/391), while it was found that A. ovis, A. phagocytophilum-like 1, and A. capra are circulating in the sheep herds in Kyrgyzstan, according to the PCRs, RFLP and the partial DNA sequencing results. The positivity rates of A. phagocytophilum-like 1, A. ovis, and A. capra genotype-1 were 6.9, 22.5, and 5.3%, respectively. A total of 32 (8.2%) sheep were found to be mix infected. Moreover, phylogenetic analyses and sequence comparison with those available in the GenBank showed that A. capra formed two distinct genetic groups (A. capra genotype-1 and A. capra genotype-2). Considering the zoonotic potential of these species, it may be necessary to make changes in the interpretation of anaplasmosis cases in animals and there is a need for further studies to determine the pathogenicity of the species/genotypes circulating in animals.
      PubDate: 2022-09-28
       
  • Antiviral activity of canine interferon lambda 3 expressed using a
           recombinant adenovirus against canine coronavirus, canine parvovirus, and
           canine distemper virus

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      Abstract: Abstract Canine coronavirus (CCoV), canine parvovirus (CPV), and canine distemper virus (CDV) are highly contagious canine pathogens; dogs with these diseases are difficult to treat. In a previous study, we developed a recombinant adenovirus expressing canine interferon lambda 3 (Ad-caIFNλ3) in canine epithelial cells. In this study, we aimed to investigate the antiviral activity of Ad-caIFNλ3 against CCoV, CPV, and CDV in two canine cell lines, A72 and MDCK. Ad-caIFNλ3 transduction suppressed replication of these viruses without cytotoxicity. Our results suggest that Ad-caIFNλ3 may be a therapeutic candidate for canine viral diseases.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
       
  • Detection by environmental surveillance and genomic characterization of
           H5N8 highly pathogenic avian influenza virus from a poultry meat market in
           Beijing, China, 2021–22

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      Abstract: Abstract Since 2010 the year when it was first reported in domestic ducks in China, highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) H5N8 has caused several outbreaks in different countries. The first outbreak wave was documented in South Korea and Japan in 2014 and the second wave was reported in Asian and European countries in 2016. More importantly, zoonotic infection was first reported in poultry workers in Russia in 2021. Therefore, active surveillance on H5N8 is highly needed. Surveillance on live birds instead of environmental samples is commonly reported. In the present study, we reported detection and genomic characterization of an environmental H5N8 strain in environmental samples of Tongzhou poultry meat markets in Beijing on a monthly basis from March 2021 to February 2022. Among 600 samples screened, a total of 27 samples were positive for influenza A virus with 4 typed as H5N8, 10 H7N9, and 13 H9N2. Whole genome sequencing and analysis of one duck neck with a higher virus load showed that A/Environment sample/Beijing/TZ001/20 21 (H5N8) clade 2.3.4.4b had the highest identities (over 99%) in all eight segments with H5N8 isolates from wild birds swan and tern in Hubei and had polybasic cleavage site PLREKRRKR/G, characteristic of a HPAI virus. Overall, our data indicate that HPAI H5N8 virus is still circulating in domestic ducks in China in the study period and continued surveillance in domestic and wild birds is needed to control H5N8.
      PubDate: 2022-09-26
       
  • Molecular detection of Vibrio paraheamolyticus in a sperm whale (Physeter
           macrocephalus) stranding in northern Veracruz, Mexico

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      Abstract: Abstract On 25 August 2021, a single female sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) was found stranded dead in Playa Tuxpan, Veracruz, Mexico. Skin biopsies were obtained and screened for the detection of various potentially pathogenic bacterial genera, using conventional polymerase chain reaction and sequencing of the positive amplicons. We recorded, for the first time, the presence of Vibrio paraheamolyticus in skin samples from P. macrocephalus in the Gulf of Mexico. Additionally, we discuss 29 records reporting strandings of sperm whales from six states of the Mexican Republic. Most of the records are concentrated in the Pacific Ocean. Our findings increase the inventory of bacteria reported in P. macrocephalus worldwide, summarising the knowledge of stranding events in sperm whale populations in Mexico.
      PubDate: 2022-09-23
       
  • Extracellular matrix proteins (fibronectin, collagen III, and collagen I)
           immunoexpression in goat tuberculous granulomas (Mycobacterium caprae)

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      Abstract: Abstract The lesion resulting from the interaction between Mycobacterium and the host immune response is the tuberculous granuloma. Tuberculous granulomas, except in incipient stages, are partially or totally encapsulated by connective tissue. The aim of this study was to assess the immunoexpression of the extracellular matrix proteins fibronectin, collagen III, and collagen I in granulomas caused by Mycobacterium caprae in goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) to understand capsule development at different granuloma stages. For this purpose, a retrospective study of 56 samples of tuberculous granulomas in lung (n = 30) and mediastinal lymph node (n = 26) from 17 goats naturally infected with M. caprae in stages I (n = 15), II (n = 14) and III (n = 27) was carried out. Fibronectin immunoreaction was extracellular, fibrillar-reticular in the center of stage I, II and III granulomas and peripheral in stages II and III granulomas. Collagen III immunoexpression was extracellular and fibrillar in the center of stages I, II and III tuberculous granulomas in lung and mediastinal lymph node, and progressive expression was observed in the periphery of stages II and III granulomas. Finally, collagen I immunoexpression was extracellular and fibrillar, showing a progressive loss of central expression and an increase in peripheral expression in stage III granulomas compared to stage I granulomas. Immunoexpression of these extracellular matrix proteins could help understand fibrogenesis and dating in tuberculous granuloma in both animal models and humans.
      PubDate: 2022-09-22
       
  • Unusual “Asian-origin” 2c to 2b point mutant canine parvovirus
           (Parvoviridae) and canine astrovirus (Astroviridae) co-infection detected
           in vaccinated dogs with an outbreak of severe haemorrhagic gastroenteritis
           with high mortality rate in Hungary

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      Abstract: Abstract In this study, the aetiological background of an outbreak of severe haemorrhagic gastroenteritis (HGE) in a colony of purebred Jack Russell Terriers vaccinated against CPV-2 in Hungary was investigated. Canine parvovirus 2 (CPV-2, Parvoviridae) and canine astrovirus (CaAstV, Astroviridae) co-infection was identified by viral metagenomics and next-generation sequencing (VM-NGS) methods from a rectal swab of an affected 7-week-old puppy. The complete coding sequence of CPV-2 strain FR1/CPV2-2021-HUN (ON733252) and the complete genome of CaAstV strain FR1/CaAstV-2021-HUN (ON733251) were determined by VM-NGS and PCR methods. Results of sequence and phylogenetic analyses showed that CPV-2 strain FR1/CPV2-2021-HUN was different from the applied vaccine strains and previously identified strains from Hungary but showed high sequence identity (> 99.8%) and close phylogenetic relationship to recently described “Asian-origin” CPV-2c strains from Italy. But, based on the single amino acid difference on position 426 of VP2 (Glu/Asp) between the study strain and the closest relatives, FR1/CPV2-2021-HUN belonged to the 2b antigenic type rather than 2c. The CaAstV strain FR1/CaAstV-2021-HUN showed close relationship with a CaAstV strain identified previously from a diarrhoeic dog in Hungary. Both viruses were continuously detectable by PCR in additional enteric samples, and the CPV-2 could also be detected in several (n = 32) tissue samples from 9 affected deceased puppies. Further comparative studies are necessary to confirm the role of the point mutation causing the change in the antigenic type of this “Asian-origin” CPV-2 and/or the role of CaAstV co-infection in the development and/or severity of (haemorrhagic) gastroenteritis among dogs vaccinated against CPV-2.
      PubDate: 2022-09-21
       
  • Dyslipidemia induced by lipid diet in late gestation donor impact on
           growth kinetics and in vitro potential differentiation of umbilical cord
           Wharton’s Jelly mesenchymal stem cells in goats

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      Abstract: Abstract Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) from the umbilical cord (UC) have several attractive properties for clinical use. This study aimed to verify the impact of a lipid-rich diet during late gestation of donor goats on the growth and differentiation of MSCs from UC. From the 100th day of pregnancy to delivery, 22 goats were grouped based on their diet into the donor-lipid (DLD; n = 11) and donor-baseline (DBD; n = 11) diet groups. Diets were isonitrogenous and isoenergetic, differing in fat content (2.8% vs. 6.3% on a dry matter basis). Wharton’s jelly (WJ) fragments were cultured. After primary culture, samples of WJ-MSCs were characterized by the expression of CD90, CD73, CD34, CD45, CD105, and Fas genes, mitochondrial activity using MitoTracker (MT) fluorescence probe, and growth kinetics. Population doubling time (PDT) was also determined. WJ-MSCs were differentiated into chondrocytes, adipocytes and osteocytes, and the mineralized area and adipocytes were determined. The lipid diet significantly increased triglyceride and cholesterol levels during pregnancy. The DLD group showed sub-expression of the CD90 gene, a high MT intensity, and a low proliferation rate at the end of the subculture. The mean PDT was 83.9 ± 1.3 h. Mineralized area and lipid droplet stain intensity from osteogenic and adipogenic differentiations, respectively, were greater in DLD. We conclude that in donor goats, dietary dyslipidemia during late pregnancy affects the ability of UC-derived MSCs to express their developmental potential in vitro, thus limiting their possible use for therapeutic purposes.
      PubDate: 2022-09-20
       
  • Bovine omphalocele: errors in embryonic development, veterinarian
           importance, and the way forward

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      Abstract: Abstract Omphalocele is an embryonic developmental error presented as a neonatal visceral umbilical herniation. Epidemiological and embryological studies are reviewed that revise our understanding of midgut development and defects in cattle. Google Scholar and PubMed were searched for omphalocele, exomphalos, calves, calf, cattle, epidemiology, genetics, disease presentation, and omphalocele treatments of bovine neonates. Omphalocele contains small intestine and sometimes liver and/or pyloric abomasum. This condition may arise from inadequately expanded abdominal cavity, herniated midgut entrapment, or inappropriate umbilical ring growth. Full-term neonates are otherwise healthy but comorbidities may be present. Limited epidemiological evidence suggests neonates, commonly female, of dairy dams have much higher omphalocele prevalence than humans but with fewer co-morbidities. Genetic or environmental influences may present at low incidences, especially with co-defects, while also epigenetics operate in metabolically challenged dairy cattle. Calf survival after surgical repair was commonly good if damage to eviscerated tissue was minimal and surgery prompt. Inadequate follow-ups prevented assessment of their commercial value. We also revised understanding of embryonic midgut development. There is little useful epidemiological information on bovine omphaloceles. To address this, we suggest: (i) Observations on omphaloceles should report herd and dam histories, abdominal disposition of contents, and comorbidities. (ii) Cases of surgical restitution must report full histories and thoroughly explore post-surgical follow-ups to assess animal commercial viability. There is a need for very large-scale multi-centre prospective observational studies on cattle health and productivity that should include omphaloceles.
      PubDate: 2022-09-15
       
  • Identification of genes associated with environmental persistence in
           Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli isolates from processing in a
           broiler abattoir

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      Abstract: Abstract The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of the htrA, htrB and ppk1 genes -all of which are related to environmental persistence- in C. jejuni and C. coli isolates obtained from abattoir samples at the arrival of broilers (initial stage) and in meat products after processing (final stage). A total of 119 DNA extracts (55 C. jejuni and 64 C. coli) were included in the study. Identification of genes was performed by conventional PCR (one for each gene). The overall prevalence was 40.3%, 93.3% and 68.9% for the htrA, htrB and ppk1 genes, respectively. Statistically significant differences were found (p < 0.05) between prevalence of C. jejuni and C. coli for all three genes. In C. coli the prevalence was significantly higher for the htrA (p = 0.007) and htrB (p = 0.015) genes, while ppk1 gene prevalence was significantly higher in C. jejuni (p < 0.001). In addition, statistically significant increase in the frequency of htrA (p = 0.007) and htrB (p = 0.013) genes in the final product compared to broilers on arrival at the abattoir was observed in C. jejuni, but not in C. coli. These results suggest that htrA and htrB genes are involved in environmental persistence of Campylobacter jejuni.
      PubDate: 2022-09-12
       
  • Causes of abortion in Iranian sheep flocks and associated risk factors

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      Abstract: Abstract Abortion is a major issue in sheep husbandry. It can result in significant economic losses and a severe public health risk. This survey assessed the infectious and non-infectious causes of abortion in Iranian sheep flocks and determined the main risk factors. In this cross-sectional survey, causes of abortion were evaluated in 757 sheep flocks, and risk factors were analysed. A checklist containing general animal information for each abortion outbreak evaluated was filled in. Data were analysed using univariate tests and multivariable binary logistic regression analysis. In this sense, parity, gestational age of the aborted fetus, vaccination protocol, mineral supplementation and history of stillbirth showed significant associations with abortion. Infectious agents such as Coxiella burnetti (22.7%), Chlamydia abortus (12.3%) and Brucella melitensis (10.4%) were the most frequently isolated in the investigated flocks, with more than 2% of abortion rates. On the other hand, non-infectious agents such as trauma, pregnancy toxaemia and vitamin E/Se deficiency were involved in those flocks with low abortion rates (less than 10%). Results revealed multiple causes of abortion outbreaks among Iranian sheep flocks, which need careful investigation to identify possible aetiology and risk factors. Further studies are necessary to evaluate if these factors are similar to other countries in the same region.
      PubDate: 2022-09-06
       
  • Comparison of intratesticular and intramuscular administration of
           zolazepam-tiletamine combination on sedation, induction, and recovery
           qualities and vital variables in cats undergoing castration: a
           prospective, randomized, clinical study

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      Abstract: Abstract This study was aimed to compare the effects of intratesticular (IT) and intramuscular (IM) administration of the zolazepam-tiletamine (ZT) combination on sedation, induction, and recovery qualities and vital variables in cats undergoing castration. Fourteen clinically client-owned healthy cats were randomly assigned to receive 10 mg/kg ZT by either IT or IM routes. Temperament score, injection reaction score, induction time, intubation time, surgical length, anesthesia time, recovery time, and full recovery time were evaluated. Sedation score, heart rate (HR), respiratory frequency (fR), peripheral hemoglobin oxygen saturation (SpO2), mean arterial pressure (MAP), and rectal temperature (RT) variables were assessed at baseline (T0), T5, T10, T15, and T30. Median temperament score and injection reaction score were not different between groups. Induction time was significantly (p = 0.0244) shorter for the IT group (142.6 ± 29.9) than IM (290 ± 48.7 seconds). Length of anesthesia was longer in the IM group (median 290; ranged 120–540 minutes) than the IT group (median 140; ranged 98–180 minutes) (p = 0.0279). Time to standing and time to full recovery were significantly shorter in IT than IM. A recovery quality score did not significantly differ between groups (p = 0.2268). No statistically significant differences were detected between IT and IM administration regarding sedation score, HR, SpO2, MAP, and RT. The IT administration of 10 mg/kg ZT induces shorter onset of sedation and recovery time than IM administration, thereby it can be suggested for cats undergoing castration. Both administration routes produce effective sedation with limited physiological changes in anesthesia variables.
      PubDate: 2022-09-05
       
  • Molecular detection and characterization of Enterocytozoon bieneusi in
           captive alpine musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) in Central and Eastern of
           Gansu Province, China

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      Abstract: Abstract The most ubiquitously diagnosed microsporidian species in animals and humans is Enterocytozoon bieneusi (E. bieneusi). In this case, this work aimed to probe the occurrence and genotypes of this pathogen in captive alpine musk deer (Moschus chrysogaster) in Gansu Province, China. After fecal sample collection (n = 201) from three farms in Gansu, the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the rRNA gene was probed by PCR for detection and genotyping of E. bieneusi. The infection rate of E. bieneusi in alpine musk deer was 6.0% (12/201), with 0% (0/36), 7.7% (5/65) and 7.0% (7/100) in farms 1 to 3, respectively. The infection rate of E. bieneusi in young alpine musk deer (3.2%; 1/31) is lower than that of adults (6.5%; 11/170), with no evident significant differences between age groups (P > 0.05). Three known genotypes D (n = 8), EbpA (n = 3) and BEB6 (n = 1) were identified by sequence analysis. This is the first such scrutiny of E. bieneusi infection in alpine musk deer in China as per our knowledge. Genotypes D and EbpA were common in humans and animals that is suggestive of the plausible zoonotic role in E. bieneusi transmission by alpine musk deer.
      PubDate: 2022-09-03
       
  • Correction to: First report of Rickettsia asembonensis in small ruminants

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      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Correction to: Genetic diversity of wild rodents and detection of Coxiella
           burnetii, the causative agent of Q fever, in Saudi Arabia

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      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Correction to: Seroprevalence, hematological and biochemical alterations
           in Brucella-seropositive Muturu cattle in Nigeria

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      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Dried Blood Spots technology for veterinary applications and biological
           investigations: technical aspects, retrospective analysis, ongoing status
           and future perspectives

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      Abstract: Abstract Dried Blood Spots (DBS) technology has become a valuable tool in medical studies, however, in veterinary and biological research DBS technology applications are still limited. Up-to-date no review has comprehensively integrated all the evidence existing across the fields, technologies and animal species. In this paper we summarize the current applications of DBS technology in the mentioned areas, and provide a scope of different types of dried sample carriers (cellulose and non-cellulose), sampling devices, applicable methods for analyte extraction and detection. Mammals, birds, insects and other species are represented as the study objects. Besides the blood, the review considers a variety of specimens, such as milk, saliva, tissue samples and others. The main applications of dried samples highlighted in the review include epidemiological surveys and monitoring for infections agents or specific antibodies for disease/vaccination control in households and wildlife. Besides the genetic investigations, the paper describes detection of environmental contaminants, pregnancy diagnosis and many other useful applications of animal dried samples. The paper also analyses dried sample stability and storage conditions for antibodies, viruses and other substances. Finally, recent developments and future research for DBS technology in veterinary medicine and biological sciences are discussed.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Horses as a source of bioactive fecal strains Enterococcus mundtii

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      Abstract: Abstract Bacteriocin-producing bacteria with probiotic character are known as nutritional supplements mainly for livestock. Among those beneficial bacteria we also found enterococci. Because the species strains Enterococcus mundtii also can produce bacteriocins, this study was focused on fecal strains E. mundtii from horses and their bioactivity with a view to their possible future use in breeding. Rectal removal from 47 horses (40 mares and 7 stallions), the Norik breed from Muráň were sampled in eastern Slovakia during November 2019 year. Horses age ranged from five months up to 23 years. Using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry and 16S rRNA sequences analysis, 14 strains were allotted to the species E. mundtii. Bacteriocin substances produced by the strains EMKD 38/1, EMKD 40/2, EMKD 34/2 and EMKD 41/3 showed inhibitory activity against the most susceptible (principal) indicator strain Enterococcus avium EA5 and against listeriae as well (inhibitory activity from 100 up to 1 600 AU/mL). Only strain EMKD 41/3 possess Ent P and Mundticin KS genes and showed the broadest inhibitory activity. Ent B gene possessing strain EMKD 24/1 inhibited a growth of only indicator strain EA5. Identified E. mundtii tolerate low pH 3 and oxgall/bile. They were hemolysis, gelatinase and DNase negative and mostly susceptible to clinical antibiotics which are properties requested for application potential of strain. Substance from the strain with the broadest antimicrobial spectrum showed its practical/application potential, e.g. for optimizing the host microbiota which is important regarding the maintenance of animal`s health status.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Effect of Carbonyl Cyanide Chlorophenylhydrazone on Intrabacterial
           Concentration and Antimicrobial Activity of Amphenicols against Swine
           Resistant Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and Pasteurella multocida

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      Abstract: Abstract Effects and mechanism of carbonyl cyanide chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) on antimicrobial activity of florfenicol (FF) and thiamphenicol (TAP) were investigated against amphenicol-resistant Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and Pasteurella multocida isolated from diseased swine. Broth microdilution and time-kill assays indicated that CCCP dose-dependently and substantially (4-32 fold MIC reduction) improved amphenicol antimicrobial activity. When combined with CCCP at the lowest literature reported dose (2-5 μg/mL), 85% FF resistant A. pleuropneumoniae and 92% resistant P. multocida showed significantly reduced FF MICs (≥ 4-fold). In contrast, none or few of the susceptible A. pleuropneumoniae and P. multocida had FF MICs reduction ≥ 4-fold. 90% FF resistant A. pleuropneumoniae and 96% resistant P. multocida carried the floR gene, indicating strong association with the FloR efflux pump. With CCCP, the intracellular FF concentration increased by 71% in floR+ resistant A. pleuropneumoniae and 156% in floR+ resistant P. multocida strains but not the susceptible strains. The degree of reduction in TAP MICs was found consistently in parallel to FF for both bacteria. Taken together, partially attributed to blockage of drug-efflux, the combination of FF or TAP with CCCP at sub-cytotoxic concentrations was demonstrated and showed feasibility to combat amphenicol-resistant A. pleuropneumoniae and P. multocida isolated from diseased swine.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Prevalence, antimicrobial resistance and virulence genes of Salmonella
           serovars isolated from humans and animals

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      Abstract: Abstract We investigated the prevalence, antimicrobial susceptibility, antimicrobial resistance and virulence genes of Salmonella isolates recovered from humans and different species of animals. Out of 1231 samples, 88 (7.15%) Salmonella isolates were obtained, among which 21 (23.86%) belonged to Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica sero var. Weltevreden, 22 (25%) to S. Enteritidis, 16 (18.2%) to S. Typhi and 14 (15.9%) to S. Newport; 7 (7.95%) isolates were untypable. Among the 88 isolates, 65.90% showed resistance to gentamicin, 61.36% to tetracycline, 61.18% to cefotaxime, 48.86% to trimethoprim, 45.45% to ampicillin, 11.36% to ceftriaxone, 10.22% to chloramphenicol and 7.95% each to ciprofloxacin and cefepime. Most of the isolates were susceptible, with a low MIC (≤ 0.25 μg/ml) value, to cefepime, cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, ceftriaxone and co-trimoxazole and with a moderate MIC (0.5–4 μg/ml) to ampicillin, tetracycline, gentamicin and chloramphenicol. The resistance genes blaTEM, tetA and dfrA12 were most prevalent, irrespective of the host of origin of the isolates. While invA was used for molecular detection of Salmonella, other virulence genes, viz. sipA, sipB, sipC, stn and pagN, were also detected in all Salmonella isolates. A total of 38.64% isolates were multidrug-resistant (MDR), and various virulence genes were present among the isolated serovars. This study highlights the importance of continuous monitoring and surveillance for pathogenic Salmonella and their potential risks to both humans and animals.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Docosahexaenoic acid and phenazine ethosulfate are not efficient lipid
           modulators for porcine in vitro maturation systems

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      Abstract: Abstract The high lipid content in porcine oocytes impairs in vitro embryo production (IVP). Here, we evaluated the influence of two different lipid modulators during in vitro maturation (IVM) on the embryo development and the lipid content of oocytes and embryos. In Experiment I, oocytes were exposed to 50 μM docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) with (+) or without (−) the presence of porcine follicular fluid (pFF). In Experiment II, phenazine ethosulfate (PES) was added during IVM at two concentrations (0.5 and 0.05 μM). The pFF- with 50 μM DHA treatment impaired nuclear maturation, cleavage and blastocyst rates (p < 0.05). Oocytes in pFF- media accumulated less lipids (p < 0.05). The addition of 0.5 μ M PES reduced all development rates (p < 0.05) and resulted in higher lipid content for oocytes and embryos. Only 0.05 μM PES oocytes matured similarly to the control (p > 0.05), although embryo development and embryo lipid content was similar to 0.5 μM PES oocytes (p > 0.05). Thus, 50 μM DHA supplementation in the IVM medium without pFF impaired oocyte maturation and embryo development rates without interfering in oocyte lipid content even in the presence of pFF. Maturation with PES neither favored porcine embryo development nor reduced their lipid content.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
 
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