Subjects -> FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (Total: 400 journals)
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    - FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (277 journals)

FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (277 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 62 of 62 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Alimentaria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Series E: Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Agrosearch     Open Access  
Alimentos Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
American Journal of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Animal Production     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Production Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Anthropology of food     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archaeology of Food and Foodways     Full-text available via subscription  
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Alimentação     Open Access  
Asian Food Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Plant Research Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Rice Journal     Open Access  
Bioactive Compounds in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
British Food Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cuizine: The Journal of Canadian Food Cultures / Cuizine : revue des cultures culinaires au Canada     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Research in Food Science     Open Access  
Current Research in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
CyTA - Journal of Food     Open Access  
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
EFSA Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
EFSA Supporting Publications     Open Access  
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
EUREKA : Life Sciences     Open Access  
European Food Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Flavour and Fragrance Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Focusing on Modern Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food & Function     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B: Surveillance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food and Applied Bioscience Journal     Open Access  
Food and Bioprocess Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Bioproducts Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Food and Ecological Systems Modelling Journal     Open Access  
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food and Environment Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Food Chemistry : Molecular Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Chemistry : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Food Packaging and Shelf Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Quality and Preference     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Food Reviews International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Science and Human Wellness     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Food Science and Quality Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Science and Technology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Food Structure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Technology and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Foodnews     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Foods     Open Access  
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Functional Foods in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access  
Global Food History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Global Food Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Grain & Oil Science and Technology     Open Access  
Grasas y Aceites     Open Access  
Himalayan Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
Indonesian Food Science & Technology Journal     Open Access  
INNOTEC : Revista del Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay     Open Access  
Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Food Contamination     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Food Properties     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Food Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Meat Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal on Food System Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal on Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources : IJ-FANRES     Open Access  
Investigación Pecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
itepa : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan     Open Access  
JDS Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JOT Journal für Oberflächentechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture and Food Research     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of AOAC International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Culinary Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis     Open Access  
Journal of Food Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Chemistry & Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Industry     Open Access  
Journal of Food Lipids     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Food Process Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Processing & Beverages     Open Access  
Journal of Food Processing & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Products Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Protection(R)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Food Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Science and Technology Nepal     Open Access  
Journal of Food Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Security and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Technology, Siam University     Open Access  
Journal of Foodservice     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Functional Foods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Future Foods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Halal Product and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Hydrogels     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Ichthyology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Insects as Food and Feed     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Maize Research and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Series E: Food Technology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.128
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2344-1496 - ISSN (Online) 2344-150X
Published by Sciendo Homepage  [370 journals]
  • Effect of two types of ozone treatments on the quality of apple fruits

    • Abstract: The aim of this research was to demonstrate the effect of the ozonation process (exposure to ozone in gaseous form and rinsing in water saturated with ozone) on selected apple parameters. The scope of the study included: conducting the ozonation process under controlled conditions at a concentration of 1 ppm and exposure times of 1, 5 and 10 min (ozone in gaseous form) and 10, 15 and 30 min (ozonated water), respectively; polyphenols research; determining antiradical activity using ABTS radicals; and determining the influence of the applied method on the volatiles that give rise to odor chemicals (fragrance and aroma). In both cases, measurements were taken 24 hours after the ozonation process. Both exposure to ozone in gaseous form and washing in ozonated water did not adversely affect the appearance of the fruit. The rinsing process in ozonated water did not significantly affect the composition of the compounds responsible for the fruit’s odor. The proposed washing conditions affected the biochemical balance of the fruit. Differences in polyphenol content and antioxidant potential were noted. The mean content of polyphenols expressed as gallic acid equivalent in the control sample was determined to be 15.22 mg/100 g. In comparing the content of polyphenols with the control sample, insignificant changes in their content were noted, except for the sample with the longest ozonation. In the case of fruit washed within 30 minutes, a significant increase by 53% in antioxidant potential was noted. α- Farnesene was identified as the main component established by headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) procedure. The proposed ozonation conditions made it possible to keep the volatile compounds influencing the sensory properties of apples unchanged.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Use of in wheat bread: impact on antioxidant, proximate, minerals and
           sensory properties

    • Abstract: This study is designed to evaluate the effect of wheat flour substitution with Clerodendrum volubile at different level (1, 3, 5 and 10%) on antioxidant, proximate, mineral and sensory acceptability of wheat bread. The wheat flour was substituted with CVLP at different level (1, 3, 5, and 10%) in the baking of the wheat bread. The inclusion of CVLP led to significant (p < 0.05) and dose dependent increases in the polyphenol contents and antioxidant properties of the CVLP-substituted bread. Also, there were significant (p < 0.05) increments in the crude fibre, crude ash and many mineral elements of the CVLP-substituted breads. Antinutrient (tannins and oxalate) contents of the wheat bread substituted with 10% CVLP were significantly higher (p < 0.05) than the wheat bread. Consumer acceptability of the substituted breads showed that wheat bread with 5% CVLP inclusion has the best acceptance. Therefore, 5% CVLP inclusion is recommended as a suitable level in the bread making.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Prediction of the thermo-physical properties of deep-fat frying plantain
           chips () using artificial neural network

    • Abstract: This study uses artificial neural network (ANN) to predict the thermo-physical properties of deep-fat frying plantain chips (ipekere). The frying was conducted with temperature and time ranged of 150 to 190 °C and 2 to 4 minutes using factorial design. The result revealed that specific heat was most influenced by temperature and time with the value 2.002 kJ/kg°C at 150 °C and 2.5 minutes. The density ranged from 0.997 – 1.005 kg/m3 while thermal diffusivity and conductivity were least affected with 0.192 x 10−6 m2/s and 0.332 W/m°C respectively at 190 °C and 4 minutes. The ANN architecture was developed using Levenberg–Marquardt (TRAINLM) and Feed-forward back propagation algorithm. The experimentation based on the ANN model produced a desirable prediction of the thermo-physical properties through the application of diverse amount of neutrons in the hidden layer. The predictive experimentation of the computational model with R2 ≥ 0.7901 and MSE ≤ 0.1125 does not only show the validity in anticipating the thermo-physical properties, it also indicates the capability of the model to identify a relevant association between frying time, frying temperatures and thermo-physical properties. Hence, to avoid a time consuming and expensive experimental tests, the developed model in this study is efficient in prediction of the thermo-physical properties of deep-fat frying plantain chips.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • The influence of meteorological conditions during traditional smoking on
           polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content in traditional Polish pork ham

    • Abstract: The aim of the study was to examine the influence of meteorological conditions observed during the process of traditional smoking on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content in traditional Polish pork ham. The material of the study comprised traditional Polish pork ham, one of the most frequently purchased and consumed meat products in Poland. The analysed ham was smoked with the traditional method using beech chips and pieces. Smoking time was four hours. During laboratory research the basic chemical composition of the product was examined. Using the HPLC method, the level of 15 selected Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs). The obtained results show that the level of selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the examined material depended on atmospheric pressure and relative air humidity. Atmospheric pressure significantly influenced the content of benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(a)anthracene and indeno(c,d)pyrene. Relative humidity impacted the absorption level of 5-methylchrysene, benzo(a)pyrene, benzo(b)fluoranthene, benzo(g,h,i)perylene, benzo(j)fluoranthene and indeno(c,d)pyrene. An influence of air temperature during the smoking process on PAHs content in the product was not observed. The results indicate that traditional smoking should be conducted under conditions of high relative humidity – ideally above 75%, and high atmospheric pressure – above 1000 hPa.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Sheep’s milk cheeses as a source of bioactive compounds

    • Abstract: Since ancient times, sheep`s milk cheeses have been a part of a human diet. Currently, their consumption is of great interest due to its nutritional and health values. The aim of the article was to review the chemical composition of sheep’s milk cheeses and its main bioactive ingredients in the context of nutritional and health values. Sheep’s milk cheeses are rich in functionally and physiologically active compounds such as: vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, terpenes, sialic acid, orotic acid and L-carnitine, which are largely originate from milk. Fermentation and maturation process additionally enrich them in other bioactive substances as: bioactive peptides, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) or biogenic amines. Studies show that sheep’s milk cheese consumption may be helpful in the prevention of civilization diseases, i.e. hypertension, obesity or cancer. However, due to the presence of biogenic amines, people with metabolic disorders should be careful of their intake.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect of medium composition on cell envelope proteinase production by

    • Abstract: Cell envelope proteases (CEPs) can break down milk protein into peptides with different functions, which are of great benefit to human health. Therefore, the high-yield CEPs of Lactobacillus plantarum have the potential to produce functional dairy products. In previous experiments, we found that Na2HPO4, inulin, casein peptone and leucine have significant effects on CEP production by Lactobacillus plantarum LP69. So we proceeded to optimize the composition of the CEP-producing culture medium of L. plantarum through Box-Behnken design and response surface methodology. The protease activity, protein content and specific activity of CEPs produced by L. plantarum by inulin (0.2, 0.3, 0.4 %), casein peptone (0.4, 0.6, 0.8 %), Na2HPO4 (0.50, 0.52, 0.54 %) and leucine (14, 16, 18 mg/L) were evaluated. The optimal ratio of medium is 0.4 % inulin, 0.66 % casein peptone, 0.5 % Na2HPO4 and 14.04 mg/L Leucine. The final enzyme activity reached (24.46±0.81) U/mL, and the specific activity reached (1.41±0.46) U/mg.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect of infant meal home preparation temperature on surviving of : A
           case of Bechar city, Algeria

    • Abstract: This work aimed to enumerate the Bacillus cereus sensu lato from infant’s flour sampled at Béchar city and evaluate its resistance to different heating conditions during meal preparation patterns at home. Our findings revealed a prevalence of 74% with 2.4 to 3.9 CFU/g in the analyzed samples. Regarding the heat resistance at 90 °C to 98 °C, our results showed heat resistance variability which depends on the isolate, for example, D90 °C and zT °C values varied from 3.24 to 5.52 min and 11.56 to 89.74 °C respectively. Then, the decimal reduction (n) was calculated at all preparation temperatures (50, 60, 70, 80, 90 and 100 °C). Low “n” was observed with the preparation at T≤50 °C as recommended by the fabricant. However, at the other temperatures, high “n” was observed at 100°C with median and 95th values of 2.22 and 12.36 respectively. Therefore, bacterial concentrations (99th) were estimated at 0.124 log CFU/g for 100 °C. These concentrations could be increased with bacterial growth during meal storage and then achieve critical concentrations. Thus, the results of this work highlight the interest to establish a risk assessment for babies and to improve the production, preparation, and storage conditions of the infant’s flour.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Alterations in health-related fatty acids in buffalo milk after processing
           to traditional dairy products

    • Abstract: Milk provides some beneficial fatty acids which in dairy processing are subjected to pasteurization and fermentation. With the aim to assess such changes, aliquot parts of milk from 12 buffaloes were pooled and processed to germinated yoghurt and brined cheese, and to non-germinated curd – the respective samples of raw and dairy material subjected to lipid analysis. The results show that in cheese positive and negative changes are generally balanced, rumenic acid decreasing and other CLAs altered but not total CLA and PUFA; omega ratio and atherogenicity index worsened to little extent, due to adverse change in n-3, myristic and lauric acid. In yoghurt and curd CLA dramatically decreased, excluding rumenic acid; but vaccenic acid increased, though total trans isomers decreased; the worsened n-6/n-3 ratio and atherogenicity index is mostly because of the adverse effect on PUFAn-3 but also on myristic and lauric acid. In all products SFA and MUFA did not change, including palmitic, stearic, and oleic acid. It can be concluded that the decrease of CLA in yoghurt and curd is partially compensated by the increase in the vaccenic acid, while cheese making altered individual isomers but not groups of beneficial acids.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Screening of lactases suitable for the preparation of low-lactose
           prebiotic liquid milk and optimisation of their combination

    • Abstract: Lactose intolerance is an important factor restricting the consumption of dairy products. Lactase is used to hydrolyze lactose in milk while generating galactooligosaccharides (GOS), thereby reducing the incidence of lactose intolerance. We used cow milk as raw materials, and selected enzyme preparations with high lactose hydrolysis rate and strong GOS generation ability from 14 commercially available lactase enzymes. The lactose hydrolysis rate is 5.85%-81.38%, and the GOS content is 0.03 g/L- 13.10 g/L. The mixing experiment design determined the two lactase enzymes (E10 and E11) ratio and the optimal enzymatic hydrolysis process of low-lactose prebiotic milk: compound lactases (E10:E11=0.756:0.244) addition 0.11%, 55℃for 5h, lactose hydrolysis rate and GOS content were 98.02% and 19.69g/L, respectively, and the remaining lactose content was about 0.97 g/L.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect of malting process duration on malting losses and quality of wheat

    • Abstract: The study assesses impact of malting process duration on malting losses and quality of malts obtained from three varieties of winter wheat, i.e., Elixer, Rockefeller and Gimantis. The findings show that increased duration of the malting process (from 4 to 7 days) corresponded to greater total weight loss, with the most significant differences observed between 5-day and 6-day wheat malts. The qualitative analysis of the malts was carried out in accordance with EBC methodology. The assessments showed that the 5-day long malting process applied to the relevant wheat varieties resulted in production of high-quality malt with optimum malting losses observed in the case of Elixer and Rockefeller varieties. Slightly higher malting losses were identified in the case of Gimantis, and the malt obtained from this variety had very high contents of soluble protein (on average 5.34% d.m.) and Kolbach Index (average of 50.49%), which reflects high proteolytic activity during the grain malting process and a need to modify the malting process for this variety.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Phenolic profile and antioxidant activity of the selected edible flowers
           grown in Poland

    • Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine phenolic profile and antioxidant activity of the selected edible flowers grown in Poland. A significant variation was observed in the both antioxidant activity and total phenolic content. Marigold flowers were characterized by the highest total phenolic content (89.22 mg GEA/g dry weight). In turn, begonia flowers exhibited the highest total flavonoids and phenolic acids content (21.96 mg QE/g dry weight, and 8.60 mg CAE/g dry weight, respectively). Taking into account the type of flowers, begonia and marigold flowers were the richest in phenolic acids. Caffeic and p-coumaric acids were the most frequent ones in the edible flowers grown in Poland. While gallic and p-coumaric acids were the prevalent ones in terms of their content. The begonia and marigold flowers contained quercetin and kaempferol, while hesperetin and naringenin were present in the chives flowers. The marigold flowers were characterized by a particularly high content of quercetin, and also exhibited the highest total antioxidant activity. The methanolic extracts of marigold and begonia flowers were characterized by the highest antioxidant activity, reducing activity, as well as the highest ability to neutralize free radicals.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Optimization of compatible solutes for improving survival of freeze-dried
           subsp. using Box-Behnken design

    • Abstract: Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus is widely used in yogurt as a starter. The freeze-drying process may cause bacteria death. In the present work, the effect of three solutes (NaCl, sorbitol, and sodium glutamate) in MRS on viability of L.bulgaricus during freeze-drying was investigated. The optimal combination of adequate solutes was chosen by Box-Behnken Design. The survival rate and viable counts in freeze-dried powder, as well as the viable counts in broth, were used as responses. The results revealed that the optimum combination of solutes in MRS broth were 0.50% NaCl, 0.19% sorbitol, and 0.06% sodium glutamate. Under these optimal conditions, the survival rate was 53.2±0.14%, the viable counts in freeze-dried powder was 8.51±0.23×1010 CFU/g, and the viable counts in broth was 6.05±0.19 ×108 CFU/mL, which were increased by 17.18%, 15.94%, and 17.31%, respectively, compared to the control. This research demonstrated the possibility of viability improvement of L.bulgaricus, which may provide a feasible reference for industrial development.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Evolution of antioxidant properties of orange beverage during storage:
           Effects of time and temperature

    • Abstract: Fruit beverages are the most consumed refreshing products worldwide. The quality of these drinks is not only influenced by the initial composition of the product but also by conditions and duration of storage. The purpose of the present investigation was to evaluate the incidence of two conservation parameters (temperature and time) on some bioactive compounds (phenolic, flavonoid, and carotenoid contents) and antioxidant capacity, measured by free radical scavenging activity (RSA) and ferric reducing power (FRP), on orange beverage during storage. The industrial drinking product freshly procured were subjected to storage under variable temperatures (5, 25, 35, and 45 °C) then analyses of bioactive compounds contents and antioxidant activity were performed periodically (0, 10, 20, and 30 days). The results showed that the initial orange beverage was endowed with interesting phenolic compound contents and considerable antioxidant potential. In the exception of 5 °C, which provided steady antioxidant parameters, all other temperatures induced decreases of analyzed phytochemicals and antioxidant activities proportionally with raising of storage temperature. The duration of storage for the temperatures 25, 35, and 45 °C also affected negatively antioxidant parameters in a proportional manner to time. The orange beverage was an interesting natural source of bioactive compounds but the duration of storage in relation to temperature must be chosen properly.
      PubDate: Thu, 30 Dec 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Evaluation of Flours from Ancient Varieties of Wheat (Einkorn, Emmer,
           Spelt) used in Production of Bread

    • Abstract: The study investigates rheological properties of dough and baking process made from flour obtained by milling grains from ancient varieties of wheat (einkorn, emmer and spelt), compared to common wheat flour dough (Arkadia variety). The findings show that einkorn flour dough and emmer flour dough present poor tolerance to mechanical processing and prolonged fermentation. These types of dough should be mixed through relatively short, and fermentation time should not exceed 80 minutes for einkorn dough and 45 minutes in the case of emmer dough. In the case of spelt flour dough, the optimum duration of mechanical processing and fermentation amounted to 10 minutes and 60 minutes, respectively. In terms of technological and baking parameters, spelt flour was most similar to the flour obtained by milling conventional wheat, and the superiority of the former was in fact identified in the case of selected factors. A one-stage method was used in the baking process and the bread was then subjected to organoleptic and physicochemical assessments and to texture profile analysis (TPA). Measurements were also performed to determine the indicators reflecting the quality of the baking processes, including dough yield, baking loss and bread yield. The physical parameters of the bread produced were significantly related to the wheat variety. The loaves made from einkorn and spelt flour were of good quality, comparable to the bread made from the conventional wheat, while their baking quality indicators were satisfying. Bread dough made from emmer flour did not meet the required parameters mainly related to the organoleptic assessment and selected physical properties of the bread crumb. However, the one-stage production method should not be applied to doughs made from emmer flour. Given the specific characteristics of the breads produced from the ancient wheat varieties, including their pleasant taste and aroma, as well as attractive colour in the case of einkorn bread, these baked products may be an interesting addition to the assortment of breads on offer from bakeries, restaurants and agritourist farms.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect of Thermal and Non-Thermal Processing on the Nutritional
           Composition, Pasting Profile and Protein Secondary Structure of Alfalfa

    • Abstract: Alfalfa is an unconventional alternative legume and its potentiality for utilization can be improved by processing. In this study, alfalfa seeds were processed by different thermal and non-thermal techniques and evaluated for their physical properties, colour characteristics, nutritional composition, pasting profile and protein secondary structure. The results were analyzed using Principal Component Analysis to elucidate the effect of processing. Colour of the flour was more affected by thermal processing in comparison to non-thermal processing. Nutritional composition of alfalfa flour was significantly affected by germination as compared to other methods and germinated flour showed an increase in the protein content. All the processing treatments resulted in improving the pasting properties except for germination. Particularly, marked improvement in the pasting properties was observed by wet heat processing and soaking. ATR-FTIR exhibited change in the secondary structure of the protein as a result of processing and showed the dominance of intermolecular β-sheets in extrusion, germination and microwave treated flour and formation of anti-parallel β-sheets after dry heat processing. Wet heat processing and soaking treatment can be employed for alfalfa for enhancing its techno-functionality.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Bioactive, Antioxidant and Antidiabetic Properties of Cooked and Uncooked
           Irish Potato (

    • Abstract: Potatoes are considered very important staple and antioxidant-rich tubers in human diet. The present study evaluated the bioactive, antioxidant, antidiabetic and inhibition of lipid peroxidation properties of cooked and uncooked Irish potatoes. The samples were subjected to total phenolic (TPC), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total flavonoids (TFC), ascorbic acid (AsA) and 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity analyses using spectrophotometric method. Also Fe2+-induced lipid peroxidation, α-glucosidase and α-amylase inhibition were assayed. The results revealed that there is no significant (p < 0.05) difference in TPC and TAC of the potatoes samples but there was a significant (p < 0.05) enhancement in TFC and reduction in AsA of the cooked potatoes. There is also dose-dependent inhibition in DPPH and α-glucosidase and α-amylase enzymes. The IC50 revealed that cooked sample has significant higher (p < 0.05) inhibition in the enzymes assay. The lipid peroxidation was also reduced upon incubation with Irish potato samples but higher inhibition was exhibited by the cooked potato. In conclusion, this study has shown that Irish potato can be a good functional food in the management of diseases.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Chemical Characteristics of Limousine Beef Depending on Finishing Diets
           and Muscle Type of Meat

    • Abstract: The goal of this study was to compare the chemical properties of three muscle types of beef cattle fed using different finishing diets compositions. Four finishing feeding models for bulls based on different proportions of concentrates, maise silage, grass silage and hay were evaluated. Muscles chemical composition was evaluated in m. infraspinatus (ISB), m. longissimus thoracis (LTC) and m. longissimus lumborum (LLS). The chemical composition of meat was influenced by muscle type. ISB was characterised by higher moisture, collagen content, lower protein and ash content, and net energy concentration than LTC and LLS. The differences between diets in dry matter and fat content in each of the muscle groups studied were stated. Furthermore, a difference in the collagen content in LLS and protein content in ISB was noted. High correlations (P ≤ 0.05) were found between the concentrate content in the finishing diet and protein content (r = 0.59) in ISB, and dry matter both in LLS (r = 0.69) and LTC (r = 0.58). The lowest fat content of beef was noted for all muscles obtained from animals fed with a diet composed of grass silage, hay, and concentrates (D1).
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect of Flour Addition on the Physicochemical Properties of Whole Millet
           Flour and the Sensory Attributes of its Gluten-Free Bread

    • Abstract: This study evaluated the effect of addition of Brachystegia eurycoma flour (BEF), a natural source of hydrocolloids, on the physicochemical properties of whole millet flour (WMF) and the sensory attributes of its gluten-free bread. BEF and sodium carboxylmethyl cellulose (a reference hydrocolloid) were added to WMF at 1.5 and 3% proportions, and breads were baked from the blends. Wheat flour (100%CWF) bread served as the control. Amylose level decreased significantly (p < 0.05), while water absorption capacity, peak and final viscosities of the blends increased with increasing proportion of BEF. The 100%CWF bread had better sensory qualities than WMF-BEF breads. Hence, BEF improved the physicochemical properties of WMF-BEF blend, but did not alter the sensory qualities of its gluten-free bread.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Possibility of Reinforcement the Functional Potential of Vegetable Juices
           with the use of Novel Strain EK11 Isolated from an Unconventional
           Fermented Food Matrix

    • Abstract: The study investigated the suitability of a novel strain Lactiplantibacillus plantarum EK11 for obtaining fermented tomato and beetroot juices with improved functional potential. EK11 had the capability of dynamic acidification of pasteurized vegetable beverages. The lowest values of pH were noted in juices after 48 h of fermentation with the probiotic L. plantarum 299v (pH=3.72±0.01 in beet juice and pH=3.43±.0.01 in tomato juice). The fermentation increased the lycopene content in tomato juices from 27.90±0.31µg mL−1 (after 24-h fermentation by strain EK11) to 116.86 ±0.19 µg mL−1 (final products obtained using strain 299v after 7-day cold storage). The process contributed to changes in the betanin and vulgaxanthin-I concentration in beetroot beverages. All fermented products exhibited antioxidative activity, i.e. 50% inhibition of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl free radicals. Moreover, three genes involved in the biosynthesis of bacteriocins were detected in the novel strain EK11, which exhibits functional and technological potential for the production of fermented foods.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
  • Effect on Phytochemical Content and Microbial Contamination of Actinidia
           Fruit after Shock Cooling and Storage

    • Abstract: Mini kiwi fruits are tasty and contain valuable nutrients - vitamin, micro end macroelements and polyphenols. The tested cultivars (Sientiabrskaja, Geneva, Issai, Ken’s Red) belong to two species of Actinidia (A. arguta and A. kolomikta), which tolerate well the conditions of a temperate climate with negative temperatures in winter. The effect of postharvest shock cooling on fruit quality was investigated after 6 weeks of storage in CA and then after 5 days of shelf life. Shock cooling of fruit after harvest reduced adverse changes in fruit quality after storage in CA cold storage and shelf life. They were firmer, more puncture resistant, and retained more L-ascorbic acid and polyphenols. After 6 weeks of cold storage in CA, eight types of fungi and molds were found that caused the mycotoxins patulin, deoxynivalenol, and zearalenone were found in the fruit of all cultivars. Fruits of the Ken’s Red cultivar were the most firm and puncture resistant, the darkest, and contained the most anthocyanins and the least L-ascorbic acid. In contrast, fruits of the cultivar Sientaibrskaja were the least suitable for storage and transport.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Jun 2021 00:00:00 GMT
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
Tel: +00 44 (0)131 4513762

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