Subjects -> FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (Total: 400 journals)
    - BEVERAGES (18 journals)
    - FISH AND FISHERIES (105 journals)
    - FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (277 journals)

FOOD AND FOOD INDUSTRIES (277 journals)                  1 2     

Showing 1 - 62 of 62 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Alimentaria     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis. Series E: Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Alimentaria     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
adhäsion KLEBEN & DICHTEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
African Journal of Drug and Alcohol Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Agricultural and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Agriculture & Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Agriculture and Food Sciences Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Agro-Science     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Agroecology and Sustainable Food Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Agrosearch     Open Access  
Alimentos Hoy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
American Journal of Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Animal Production     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Animal Production Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Anthropology of food     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Applied Food Biotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Applied Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Archaeology of Food and Foodways     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Archiva Zootehnica     Open Access  
Arquivos Brasileiros de Alimentação     Open Access  
Asian Food Science Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Asian Journal of Cell Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Asian Plant Research Journal     Open Access  
Bangladesh Rice Journal     Open Access  
Bioactive Compounds in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
British Food Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Bulletin of University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj-Napoca : Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Chemical Research in Chinese Universities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
COCOS : The Journal of the Coconut Research Institute of Sri Lanka     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Food & Agriculture     Open Access  
Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Cuizine: The Journal of Canadian Food Cultures / Cuizine : revue des cultures culinaires au Canada     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Culture, Agriculture, Food and Environment     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Botany     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Current Opinion in Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Current Research in Dairy Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Current Research in Food Science     Open Access  
Current Research in Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
CyTA - Journal of Food     Open Access  
Detection     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
EFSA Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
EFSA Supporting Publications     Open Access  
Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Enzyme Research     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Estudios sociales : Revista de alimentación contemporánea y desarrollo regional     Open Access  
EUREKA : Life Sciences     Open Access  
European Food Research and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Flavour and Fragrance Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Focusing on Modern Food Industry     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food & Function     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Food Additives & Contaminants Part A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Additives and Contaminants: Part B: Surveillance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Analytical Methods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food and Applied Bioscience Journal     Open Access  
Food and Bioprocess Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Food and Bioproducts Processing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food and Chemical Toxicology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Food and Ecological Systems Modelling Journal     Open Access  
Food and Energy Security     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food and Environment Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Food and Public Health     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Biology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Biophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Bioscience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Food Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Food Chemistry : Molecular Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Chemistry : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Economics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Food New Zealand     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Food Packaging and Shelf Life     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Quality and Preference     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Research International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Food Reviews International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Food Science and Biotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Science and Human Wellness     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Food Science and Quality Management     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Food Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Science and Technology International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Food Structure     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Food Technology and Biotechnology     Open Access  
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Foodnews     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Foods     Open Access  
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Functional Foods in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Future of Food : Journal on Food, Agriculture and Society     Open Access   (Followers: 19)
Gastroia : Journal of Gastronomy And Travel Research     Open Access  
Global Food History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Global Food Security     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
GM Crops and Food: Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Grain & Oil Science and Technology     Open Access  
Grasas y Aceites     Open Access  
Himalayan Journal of Science and Technology     Open Access  
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
Indonesian Food Science & Technology Journal     Open Access  
INNOTEC : Revista del Laboratorio Tecnológico del Uruguay     Open Access  
Innovative Food Science & Emerging Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Agricultural Science and Food Technology     Open Access  
International Journal of Agriculture, Environment and Food Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Dairy Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Food Contamination     Open Access  
International Journal of Food Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Food Microbiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Food Properties     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Food Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Meat Science     Open Access  
International Journal of Poultry Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal on Food System Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal on Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources : IJ-FANRES     Open Access  
Investigación Pecuaria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Italian Journal of Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
itepa : Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Pangan     Open Access  
JDS Communications     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
JOT Journal für Oberflächentechnik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal für Verbraucherschutz und Lebensmittelsicherheit     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture and Food Research     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture and Food Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Agriculture and Natural Resources     Open Access  
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of AOAC International     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Applied Botany and Food Quality     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Aquatic Food Product Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Culinary Science & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food and Drug Analysis     Open Access  
Journal of Food Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Chemistry & Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Composition and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Industry     Open Access  
Journal of Food Lipids     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Microbiology     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Food Process Engineering     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Food Processing & Beverages     Open Access  
Journal of Food Processing & Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Processing and Preservation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Products Marketing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Protection(R)     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Food Quality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Research     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Food Safety     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Science and Technology Nepal     Open Access  
Journal of Food Science Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Food Security     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food Security and Agriculture     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Food Technology, Siam University     Open Access  
Journal of Foodservice     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Functional Foods     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Future Foods     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Halal Product and Research     Open Access  
Journal of Hydrogels     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Ichthyology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Insects as Food and Feed     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Maize Research and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 2)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
International Journal of Food Science
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.44
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2314-5765
Published by Hindawi Homepage  [339 journals]
  • Labeling of Genetically Modified (GM) Foods in Peru: Current Dogma and
           Insights of the Regulatory and Legal Statutes

    • Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected and afflicted human lives and been a transformative catalyst leading to closure of many companies, disrupting mental health, and reducing access to food and exacerbating food insecurity. This presents an opportunity to reflect on and examine genetically modified (GM) foods and their effective legislative regulation for the benefit of consumers. This review presents a detailed analysis of GM foods’ regulation in Peru and the analysis of certain specific cases that show the need for greater regulation of the industry.
      PubDate: Thu, 12 May 2022 11:20:02 +000
       
  • Possibilities of Using Macrolepiota procera in the Production of Prohealth
           Food and in Medicine

    • Abstract: Parasol mushroom (Macrolepiota procera) is a fungus that is often included in the menu of people looking for replacements for meat products and at the same time appreciating mushrooms. Its fruiting bodies are known for their delicate flavor and aroma. The aim of the publication was to analyze the latest information (mainly from 2015 to 2021) on the chemical composition of the M. procera fruiting bodies and their antioxidant properties. The data on other health-promoting properties and the possibilities of using these mushrooms in medicine were also compiled and summarized, taking into account their antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, regulatory, antidepressant, and anticancer effects. Moreover, the influence of various forms of processing and conservation of raw mushroom on its health-promoting properties was discussed. The possibilities of controlling the quality of both the raw material and the prepared dishes were also discussed. Such an opportunity is offered by the possibility of modifying the growing conditions, in particular, the appropriate selection of the substrate for mushroom cultivation and the deliberate enrichment of its composition with the selected substances, which will then be incorporated into the fungus organism.
      PubDate: Mon, 09 May 2022 13:05:04 +000
       
  • Extraction and Characterization of Bioactive Fish By-Product Collagen as
           Promising for Potential Wound Healing Agent in Pharmaceutical
           Applications: Current Trend and Future Perspective

    • Abstract: Collagen is a structural protein naturally found in mammals. Vertebrates and other connective tissues comprise about 30% of an animal’s overall protein. Collagen is used in a variety of applications including cosmetics, biomedical, biomaterials, food, and pharmaceuticals. The use of marine-based collagen as a substitute source is rapidly increasing due to its unique properties, which include the absence of religious restrictions, a low molecular weight, no risk of disease transmission, biocompatibility, and ease of absorption by the body system. This review discusses recent research on collagen extraction from marine-based raw material, specifically fish by-products. Furthermore, pretreatment on various sources of fish materials, followed by extraction methods, was described. The extraction procedures for acid soluble collagen (ASC) and pepsin soluble collagen (PSC) for fish collagen isolation are specifically discussed and compared. As a result, the efficacy of collagen yield was also demonstrated. The recent trend of extracting fish collagen from marine biomaterials has been summarized, with the potential to be exploited as a wound healing agent in pharmaceutical applications. Furthermore, background information on collagen and characterization techniques primarily related to the composition, properties, and structure of fish collagen are discussed.
      PubDate: Fri, 06 May 2022 10:05:01 +000
       
  • Isolation, Characterization, and Identification Candidate of Probiotic
           Bacteria Isolated from Wadi Papuyu (Anabas testudineus Bloch.) a Fermented
           Fish Product from Central Kalimantan, Indonesia

    • Abstract: During the wadi fermentation process, some microorganisms can grow, including lactic acid bacteria (LAB), affecting the taste and texture of the final product. Some LAB strains are used as probiotics such as the Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium groups. This study aimed at isolating, in vitro characterizing, and identifying microbial isolates from wadi papuyu (Anabas testudineus Bloch.). The stages started from sample collection, manufacture of wadi papuyu by fermentation for 8 days, isolation of bacteria from wadi papuyu, in vitro characterization, and identification of bacterial isolates with VITEK 2 Compact and PCR-sequencing methods 16S rRNA and 18S rRNA. The number of microbial colonies growing on MRS agar and MHA was 22 in total, while after purification and characterization it was observed only 4 different microbial isolates. Candidates are tested to determine whether they meet the criteria to be candidates for probiotic cultures. The in vitro testing of four isolates showed that they do not possess probiotic characteristics, especially in autoaggregation tests. Identification results using the VITEK 2 Compact method and 16S rRNA gene PCR-sequencing showed that of the 4 isolated strains, three were bacterial and one belonged to yeasts.
      PubDate: Thu, 05 May 2022 11:20:02 +000
       
  • The Neglected Traditional Enset (Ensete ventricosum) Crop Landraces for
           the Sustainable Livelihood of the Local People in Southern Ethiopia

    • Abstract: Enset (Ensete ventricosum, Musaceae) is a neglected traditional multipurpose crop plant critical for Ethiopian food security. It has drawn a lot of attention in the last few years. This study was undertaken on the morphological diversity among the enset landraces and their cultural use for the livelihood of the people in Southern Ethiopia. The study was administered in four purposively selected kebeles of the Mareka District. A total of 145 individuals were interviewed using semistructured interviews, and field observation has also occurred. The descriptors for enset developed by the International Board for Plant Genetic Resources were used to measure the morphological features. This study found twenty-two enset landraces. Landraces were categorized into five groups based on their morphological trait variability. The highest mean was in cluster five, while the lowest was in cluster three. The highest landrace diversity was found in Ocha () and the lowest in Guta (). This study confirmed that the study area has a diverse range of ecosystems. However, a reduction in production and the loss of some landraces were observed. As a result, the protection and preservation of enset landraces must be a priority for all responsible entities.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Apr 2022 09:35:03 +000
       
  • Chemical Components, Antioxidant Activity, and Glycemic Response Values of
           Purple Sweet Potato Products

    • Abstract: Purple sweet potato is a source of starch with high potential to be developed as a functional food. It can be boiled and consumed as a snack or processed into intermediate goods such as flour. The flour can then be modified through partial gelatinization and followed by a retrogradation process to produce resistant starch-rich purple sweet potato flour. The study was aimed at obtaining the glycemic response values of purple sweet potato products, namely, boiled purple sweet potatoes (BSP), purple sweet potato noodles (SPN), and resistant starch-rich purple sweet potato noodles (RSPN). SPN was prepared from conventional purple sweet potato flour, whereas RSPN was made from resistant starch-rich purple sweet potato flour. Moreover, water, ash, protein, fat, and carbohydrate; total phenolic, anthocyanin, and resistant starch contents; and the rate of hydrolysis of starch were evaluated. Ten subjects were involved in the estimation of glycemic response determined by the area under the curve (AUC) of the blood glucose after consuming products. Glucose syrup was used as a reference. The glycemic response data were processed using ANOVA and further tested using LSD at . The results showed RSPN had the lowest glycemic index value if compared to BSP and SPN (58.7, 63.5, and 83.7) and fell under food with medium GI, but the differences were not statistically significant. RSPN and SPN were classified as medium GI; however, the process of partial gelatinization followed by retrogradation during the preparation of flour used for raw material in making RSPN has successfully maintained the total phenol and anthocyanin and increased resistant starch content of the noodle Processing of purple sweet potato flour into noodle lowered the GI category, and when the flour was partially gelatinized and retrograded, the noodle had more potentiality as a functional food due to their high total phenolic and anthocyanin content.
      PubDate: Fri, 15 Apr 2022 09:50:03 +000
       
  • Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity of Fucoidan from Sargassum
           hystrix: Effect of Extraction Method

    • Abstract: Fucoidan is a bioactive compound of brown seaweed with antioxidant characteristics. This study examined the aftermath of the extraction method on the yield, fucose content, xylose content, sulfate content, total sugar, antioxidant activity, and functional groups of fucoidan from Sargassum hystrix. The brown seaweed was extracted using 4 methods, namely, A (0.1 N HCl, room temperature, 24 h), B (2% CaCl2, 85°C, 4 h), C (85% ethanol, room temperature, 12 h), and D (0.5% EDTA, 70°C, 3 h). The antioxidant activity testing was carried out using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), Ferric-Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP), and Hydroxyl Radical Scavenging Activity (HRSA). The yield for methods of A, B, C, and D was ,,, and , with fucose content of ,,, and , xylose content of ,,, and , and the sulfate content of ,,, and . The result indicated the occurrence of a sulfate ester group in the functional group analysis with numerous similarities with the commercial fucoidan. The highest antioxidant activity of fucoidan from S. hystrix was found in method C, which was influenced by sulfate levels. Therefore, the extraction method of fucoidan from S. hystrix affects the characteristics and antioxidant activity.
      PubDate: Wed, 13 Apr 2022 07:20:03 +000
       
  • Decision Tree of Materials: A Model of Halal Control Point (HCP)
           Identification in Small-Scale Bakery to Support Halal Certification

    • Abstract: A bakery is a business that bakes flour-based foods, including bread, cookies, cakes, pastries, and pies, and sells them. Some bakeries are also categorized as large scale, medium scale, and small scale. Halal embraces all food category; bakery product can satisfy the challenge and opportunity of halal food segment market. The small-scale bakery will benefit from creating a halal certification to attract new customers. The first stage of submission for halal certification is identifying Halal Control Points (HCP) of materials and production. The material tracing uses a decision tree. The purpose of this study is to identify HCP in materials and production processes and provide alternative improvements. Identification of HCP in material decision trees to determine contains non-HCP (halal) material, HCP material, and haram (forbidden) material. Happy Cake bakery uses 75% non-HCP (halal) materials and 25% HCP (noncertified halal) materials from 80 ingredients. Bakery Canggi Fully has 83.3% halal materials and 16.6% noncertified halal materials from 24 ingredients. Bakery MacCheese has 79% of halal materials and 21% of noncertified halal materials from 43 ingredients. The decision tree makes it very easy to identify the halal status of ingredients. The HCP ingredients need to be replaced with clearly halal ingredients. Substitution of HCP material to halal-certified ingredients may affect production costs, product quality, and profit. Therefore, it is necessary to choose a suitable halal material. Halal certification requires a high commitment of small-scale bakery businesses.
      PubDate: Tue, 12 Apr 2022 10:50:02 +000
       
  • Crushed Capsicum chacoense Hunz Fruits: A Food Native Resource of Paraguay
           with Antioxidant and Anthelmintic Activity

    • Abstract: The nutritional composition and toxicity of native plants with food potential like Capsicum chacoense are important for the safe use of populations and could be used as a source for searching for new drug candidates. Infections produced by parasites such as helminths are a public health concern for many countries. The drugs used for treating these diseases are few, and the emergence of resistance is a risk. In this work, the nutritional composition, acute toxicity, antioxidant activity, and anthelmintic activity of crushed C. chacoense fruits were evaluated. The composition was analyzed by standard procedures. Antioxidant activity was evaluated using the ABTS radical and the total phenolic compound (TPC) tests. The toxicity was evaluated on Swiss albino mice by the single-DL50-dose procedure. The anthelmintic activity was tested against Eisenia foetida. The samples presented high levels of dietary fiber (47.05-49.19 g/100 g), proteins (14.43-15.60 g/100 g), and potassium (1708-1733 mg/100 g). In the samples, the absence of acute lethal effects in doses lower than 2000 mg/kg was observed. A rich composition of TPC (517.26-543.32 mg GAE/100 g sample), total carotenoids (125.72-239.57 mg/kg), β-carotene (3.29-5.60 mg/kg), and good TAC was observed (154-158 mM TEAC/g SMTC). The methanolic extracts at the doses tested (2.5 to 40 mg/mL) showed good anthelmintic activity. The presence of alkaloids was demonstrated in the methanolic extract, consistent with the levels of capsaicin (131.85 and 98.80 mg/100 g) and dihydrocapsaicin (80.75 and 63.68 mg/100 g), with significant statistical differences between samples (). These results show that through the chemical composition of this underutilized native resource and good fruit processing procedures, the C. chacoense fruits have a great nutraceutical potential of interest for the food and pharmaceutical industries.
      PubDate: Thu, 31 Mar 2022 06:20:01 +000
       
  • Investigation of the Physicochemical Properties of Vegetable Oils Blended
           with Sesame Oil and Their Oxidative Stability during Frying

    • Abstract: To investigate the antioxidant activity and physicochemical properties of oil, sunflower (SFO) and corn oil (CO) and their combinations with sesame oil (SO) were prepared. The analyses of fatty acid composition (GC-FID), oxidative stability index (Rancimat), smoke point, and antioxidant activity (DPPH) were done on oil samples. Then, the frying process in presence of potato chips was done for 3 days at 180°C. Oil samples were gathered after each frying cycle and chemical analysis (peroxide value, free fatty acid, p-anisidine value, TOTOX, total polar content, TBARS, and conjugated diene and triene) was measured. The major fatty acid composition of oil samples was linoleic acid, oleic acid, palmitic acid, and stearic acid. The OSI of oil samples was reported as . The smoke point of all samples was in the standard limit. The SFO with 266.50°C had the highest smoke point. The antioxidant activity of samples was reported as . The IC50 of SO was 52.17 mg/g which was higher than other samples. The result of frying indicated that prolonged heating process would increase the thermal oxidation. It was shown that oils blended with SO had good stability during deep frying. Therefore, blending oil with SO is considered as an economic approach to improve the oil oxidation stability.
      PubDate: Wed, 30 Mar 2022 12:20:01 +000
       
  • Knowledge, Attitude, and Practices (KAP) Regarding Meat Safety and
           Sanitation among Carcass Handlers Operating and Assessment of
           Bacteriological Quality of Meat Contact Surfaces at the Marrakech
           Slaughterhouse, Morocco

    • Abstract: According to the Moroccan Court of Auditors, the meats are prepared in slaughterhouses that do not meet the basic conditions required by Moroccan standards. This survey is being conducted to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of handlers regarding the salubrity and hygiene of meat and to evaluate the bacteriological load of work surfaces in a slaughterhouse located in the Marrakech region. A total of 100 people working at the slaughterhouse participated in the study. The average values concerning the attitude and practice of the carcass handlers were, respectively, very satisfactory (65.7%) and acceptable (53.44%), while the average value of knowledge was generally low (39%). Bacterial load was assessed by the serial dilution method using the standard procedure. Seventy samples were taken from the hands of manipulators, knives, clothes, hooks, door handles, floor, and walls over an area of between 20 and 100 cm2. The total number of aerobic mesophiles (TAVCs), Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Salmonella spp was determined for each sample. Escherichia coli was the predominant isolate (42%), while Salmonella spp and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were the least bacterial isolates with 16% and 14%, respectively. Walls and knives were the most contaminated by E. coli at 90%. This survey reveals the importance of developing formal training for all slaughterhouse handlers regarding meat hygiene and safety during carcass processing to develop their knowledge and practices. Bacteriological results indicate a need to improve the available slaughter facilities and develop an appropriate slaughter process strategy to minimize the risk of carcass contamination.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Mar 2022 10:20:01 +000
       
  • A Review on Factors Influencing the Fermentation Process of Teff
           (Eragrostis teff) and Other Cereal-Based Ethiopian Injera

    • Abstract: Fermented foods and beverages are the product of the enzymaticcally transformed food components which are acived by different microorganisms. Fermented foods have grown in popularity in recent years because of their alleged health benefits. Biogenic amines, bioactive peptides, antinutrient reduction, and polyphenol conversion to physiologically active chemicals are all possible health benefits of fermentation process products. In Ethiopian-fermented foods, which are mostly processed using spontaneous fermentation process. Injera is one of the fermented food products consumed in all corners of the country which sourdough fermentation could be achieved using different LAB and yeast strains. Moreover, the kind and concentration of the substrate and the type of microbial flora, as well as temperature, air supply, and pH, all influence the fermentation process of injera. This review article gives an overview of factors influencing the fermentation process of teff ('Eragrostis tef.') and other cereal-based Ethiopian injera.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Mar 2022 09:50:01 +000
       
  • Characterization of Nutritional and Bioactive Compound in Three Genotypes
           of Mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum Ruiz and Pavón) from Different
           Agroecological Areas in Puno

    • Abstract: Bioactive compounds and nutritional characterization in three genotypes of mashua tubers (Tropaeolum tuberosum Ruiz and Pavón) from different agroecological areas of the Peruvian highlands (3747 at 3888 meters above sea level) were studied. The studied genotypes from different agroecological areas significantly differed for vitamins, amino acids, and bioactive compounds. However, the nutritional characteristics of yellow, purple, and yellow-purple mashua remained unaffected. Its tubers were shown to be important sources of protein and fiber. The nutritional analysis revealed high phosphorus and potassium values, as well as considerable amounts of vitamin C. The amounts of total free amino acids in the genotypes ranged from  mg/g dry matter (DM) to  mg/g DM. Important total anthocyanins, total flavonoids, total phenolics, tannin content, and antioxidant activity values were obtained from purple genotype. Unexploited colored mashua tubers are proposed as a valuable natural source of phenolics and anthocyanins with high antioxidant activity.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Mar 2022 08:05:06 +000
       
  • Nutritional Evaluation of Buns Developed from Chickpea-Mung Bean Composite
           Flour and Sugar Beet Powder

    • Abstract: The research was aimed at developing recipes for buns studying the nutritional value of securities. In the work, an assortment of bakery products was developed from flour, composite mixtures of leguminous crops and dry powders of sugar beets. As a result, bakery products with useful properties and improved qualities were obtained. In the recipe, sugar was completely replaced by dry powders of sugar beet. The optimal combination for making a bun from composite flour and dry sugar beet powder was 10% chickpea and 5% mung bean flour with 9.23 g of dry sugar beet powder added per 100 g flour. Physical and chemical indicators, including mineral elements, vitamin composition, and safety indicators, were determined. It was proven that the use of composite flour from leguminous crops contributes to a contraction of the technological process of the production of bakery products, reducing the time needed for dough preparation and baking. The use of technology for obtaining bakery products and recipes in production allows expanding the range of bakery products, reducing the duration of the technological process of production, improving the quality of finished products, and increasing labour productivity. It also helps to improve the socioeconomic indicators of bakery and confectionery enterprises.
      PubDate: Fri, 18 Mar 2022 13:05:02 +000
       
  • Effect of Boiling on the Nutrient Composition of Solanum Torvum

    • Abstract: The fruits and leaves of Solanum torvum are good sources of nutrients and minerals for the prevention of nutrient deficiencies. However, there is limited information on the effect of boiling on the nutrients, minerals and phytochemicals in the fruits and leaves. This study sought to assess the mineral, macronutrient and phytochemical compositions of fresh and boiled fruits and leaves of S. torvum. Fresh unripe fruit and leaf samples of S. torvum were collected from six communities, boiled, and pulverized for mineral, proximate and phytochemical analyses. The data obtained was subjected to ANOVA and t-test. Solanum torvum was found to contain Fe, Zn, Cu, Mn, Ca, Mg, Na, K, protein, crude fat, carbohydrate, fibre, saponins, tannins, flavanols, terpenoids/steroids and glycosides making it nutritious. The results revealed almost equal concentrations of minerals in fresh and boiled leaves and fruits. A similar observation was made in the case of carbohydrate, crude fat and ash. However, there were significant differences in moisture, protein and crude fibre concentrations in the samples. Phytochemical analysis revealed the presence of saponin, tannin, flavonoids, terpenoids/steroids and glycosides in all leaf samples no matter the treatment. There were no flavonoids and terpenoids/steroids in fruits. Boiling nominally reduced and in a few cases, increased concentration of the nutrient composition but did not have significant effect on the concentration of the macro- and micro- minerals in the fruits and leaves. This study suggests that boiling could affects the concentration of nutrients that could be accessed in fruits and leaves of S. torvum.
      PubDate: Wed, 16 Mar 2022 09:05:01 +000
       
  • Evaluation of Oyster Mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus) Production Using Water
           Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) Biomass Supplemented with Agricultural
           Wastes

    • Abstract: The cost of substrates has been one of the challenges for mushroom cultivation. The commonly used substrates for mushroom production are usually expensive. Substrates with a high biomass return that can pose environmental problems can be good alternatives for mushroom cultivation due to multiple advantages. In this regard, the potential use of water hyacinth biomass (a troublesome aquatic weed) as an alternative substrate is worthy of being studied. This study was aimed at evaluating the potential use of water hyacinth biomass for the production of oyster mushroom. The experiment was done in a completely randomized design with nine treatments and four replications. Water hyacinth biomass was supplemented with straw (wheat, Triticum aestivum, and teff or Eragrostis Teff) at a ratio of 1 : 1, 1 : 3, or 3 : 1. The developmental parameters including days elapsed for mycelium invasion (MI), pinhead formation (PF), and the first flush (FH) were monitored. Growth parameters (cap diameter (CD) and stalk length (SL)), a yield parameter (total weight of mushroom yield), and biological efficiency (BF %) were also recorded. Finally, the economic return (ER) of all the treatments was calculated. A one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test the significance of variation between the different parameters on the production parameters. Means were separated using the Tukey test, when F-test from ANOVA was significant at . It was observed that water hyacinth biomass alone or supplemented with wheat or teff straw provided promising performance on oyster mushroom development, growth, yield, and biological efficiency compared to the costly substrates (wheat and teff straw). Thus, water hyacinth can be considered as a low-cost substrate for mushroom cultivation and a means to control this aquatic weed from rapid spreading.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Mar 2022 11:05:02 +000
       
  • Production of Chicken Patties Supplemented with Cantaloupe By-Products:
           Impact on the Quality, Storage Stability, and Antioxidant Activity

    • Abstract: This study investigated the effect of supplementation with cantaloupe peel (CP) and seeds (CS) (3, 6, 9, and 12%) powder on the quality and antioxidant activity of raw and cooked chicken patties during storage (-20°C/3 months). The addition of CP and CS powder increased protein, fat, ash, and fiber values of chicken patties compared with control, while carbohydrate, pH, and TBA were decreased at zero time and after 3 months of storage. The WHC, cooking yield, fat retention, and moisture retention were increased by increasing CP and CS powder addition ratios, while cooking loss and shrinkage were decreased. Also, CP and CS powder improved antioxidant activity, microbiological quality, and overall acceptability of chicken patties. The hardness of raw and cooked chicken patties was decreased with increasing CP and CS addition ratios. It is recommended to use CP and CS powder as functional ingredients in the preparation of functional foods.
      PubDate: Mon, 14 Mar 2022 07:35:01 +000
       
  • Characterization of the Biochemical Potential of Moroccan Onions (Allium
           cepa L.)

    • Abstract: Allium cepa L. remains the most cultivated Allium species in Morocco and around the world. With the purpose of making the first biochemical characterization of Moroccan onions, several biochemical components have been measured in eleven onion ecotypes. Onions were collected as seeds from different geographical origins and cultivated in the same environment, to eliminate the influence of the environment on biochemical expression. Moisture, total phenols, flavonoids, antioxidant activity, total and reducing sugars, and sulfur dioxide were the biochemical properties of interest. Except for moisture, the eleven onion ecotypes revealed a highly significant variation in terms of the studied biochemical characters. The total phenol and flavonoid content ranged from 5.94 to 11.22 mg equivalent gallic acid/g dry weight and 0.67 to 1.52 mg equivalent quercetin/g dry weight, respectively. The antioxidant activity of the studied onions showed a strong correlation with the polyphenols (), especially with the flavonoids (). The sulfur dioxide content parted from 85.60 to 30.43 ppm when measured using the Monier-Williams distillation method. The current results show that there is no correlation between total sugars and reducing sugars. In conclusion, these findings present a clear biochemical profile of Moroccan onion ecotypes, as well as confirm, for the first time, the presence of a clear variation between the biochemical profiles of Moroccan onion ecotypes, which could be useful for future valorization programs.
      PubDate: Wed, 09 Mar 2022 11:20:01 +000
       
  • Camels, Camel Milk, and Camel Milk Product Situation in Kenya in Relation
           to the World

    • Abstract: Kenya is the leading camel milk producer globally, with an annual production volume of 1.165 MMT, followed by Somalia (0.958 MMT) and Mali (0.271 MMT). In Kenya, pastoral tribes in North-Eastern parts rear about 4.722 million camels accounting for about 80% of all camels. Camels offer locals various benefits, including transportation of goods across the deserts, meat, fur, and milk. Camel milk contains natural therapeutically and immunity-boosting properties due to the higher concentration of lactoferrin, lactoglobulins, and lysozyme than bovine milk. Camel milk has been shown to have hypoallergenicity properties compared to bovine milk. Camel and human milk are similar in nutritional composition and therapeutic properties. Camel milk is known to fight various diseases, including cancer, diabetes, autism, hypertension, and skin diseases. Despite the standing of Kenya in the world in terms of camel milk production, Kenya lags considering the camel milk products, industries, and marketing. This paper reviews recent literature on camels and camel milk production trends in Kenya in relation to the world. The review also discusses various camel milk properties (nutritional and therapeutic) as well as the camel milk sector situation in Kenya.
      PubDate: Tue, 08 Mar 2022 08:05:03 +000
       
  • Optimization of Saffron Essential Oil Nanoparticles Using Chitosan-Arabic
           Gum Complex Nanocarrier with Ionic Gelation Method

    • Abstract: This study is aimed at optimizing the Saffron essential oil (SEO) nanoparticles using the ionic gelation method. Response surface methodology (RSM) with Box-Behnken design (BBD) was applied to investigate the optimum conditions and the effects of three independent variables: LWCS concentration (0.1-0.3%), Arabic gum concentration (9.6-9.8%), and ratio (core: wall material) (1 : 5, 1 : 7.5, 1 : 10) on the responses of -average, polydispersity index (PDI), and zeta potential. The results showed that the quadratic model developed from the RSM was statistically significant ( value < 0.05). The quadratic model can be used to describe well the relationship between the variables on the response observed. The lack of fit was nonsignificant ( value> 0.05) relative to pure error for all response variables, indicating that the model fitted well. The model equation obtained for the process through RSM was adequate. The LWCS concentration and Arabic gum concentration had a significant effect on -average and PDI. The ratio (oil: Arabic gum/LWCS) has a significant effect on zeta potential. The optimum condition was the LWCS concentration of 0.1% and Arabic gum concentration of 9.6%, and the ratio (oil: Arabic gum/LWCS) 1 : 5 produced the optimum SEO nanoparticles with a -average value of 16.24, PDI of 0.495, and zeta potential of 15.76. The verification values were close to the predictive value given by the Design Expert® 12 program with value> 0.05 at the 95% confidence level. Therefore, the application of the RSM with Box-Behnken was suitable for optimizing the saffron oil nanoparticles with desirable responses.
      PubDate: Mon, 07 Mar 2022 09:35:01 +000
       
  • Fruit Waste as a Matrix of Health-Promoting Compounds in the Production of
           Corn Snacks

    • Abstract: Extrusion is an industrial technology allowing utilization of fruit-based off-products, rich in bioactive and prohealth compounds, in the production of gluten-free snacks. The use of up to 20% fruit waste (apple waste) in the production of such snacks results in significant increases of polyphenols and flavonoids, as well as individual phenolic acids: chlorogenic (36 times) and cryptochlorogenic (4 times). UPLC-PDA-MS/MS method allowed to observe huge increases in phloridzin (25 times), epicatechin (8 times), catechin (up to 6 times), and the end procyanidin (almost 3 times) in corn snacks. The most suitable addition level was 20% because it resulted in the highest increases in the abovementioned compounds and dietary fiber, which provided high antioxidant potential of corn-apple snacks. Therefore, the production of such snacks could be recommended on industrial scale as they have the best organoleptic properties.
      PubDate: Thu, 03 Mar 2022 11:35:01 +000
       
  • Chemical Composition and Nutritional Value of Three Sonchus Species

    • Abstract: Species of unconventional food plants of the genus Sonchus are widely consumed in rural populations living in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. This study investigated the nutritional composition of S. oleraceus, S. asper, and S. arvensis species. The centesimal composition was investigated according to the norms of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists, the occurrence and concentration of carotenoids and vitamins through High-Performance Liquid Chromatography, and minerals with the aid of atomic emission spectrometry in inductively coupled plasma. There was no significant difference between the water content found in the three species. However, S. asper showed higher concentrations of lipids (1.32 g/100 g), carbohydrates (0.34 g/100 g), total carotenoids (5.58 mg/100 g), and Ca (96.25 mg/100 g), while S. arvensis had the highest concentration of vitamins E (72.98 μg/100 g) and K (604.85 mg/100 g). S. oleraceus showed higher concentrations of Fe (23.74 mg/100 g). Statistically, fibers and ash presented the same proportions in S. asper and S. arvensis, as well as proteins in S. oleraceus and S. asper species. The availabilities of these vegetables together with their high nutritional value are important factors that contribute to ensuring food security for families that have these species in their diet.
      PubDate: Thu, 03 Mar 2022 11:35:01 +000
       
  • Alteration of Phenolic and Volatile Compounds of Tea Leaf Extract by
           Tyrosinase and β-Glucosidase during Preparation of Ready-to-Drink Tea on
           Farm

    • Abstract: The manufacturing of ready-to-drink black tea was through a long process, up to 14-18 hours. There was an alternative way to produce RTD black tea directly on the farm to reduce time production and improve the quality of black tea using exogenous enzymes, i.e., tyrosinase and β-glucosidase. Tyrosinase was investigated for the ability to improve the color of tea extract by oxidize the phenolic content of green tea leaves to theaflavin and thearubigin, and β-glucosidase can enhance the volatile compounds by hydrolyze glycosidic bonds in tea leaves. Incubation of tea leaf extract with tyrosinase produces a high content of theaflavin and good color of tea extract but lowered the antioxidant activity. According to the TF/TR ratio values, tyrosinase treated tea leaf extract was in the best quality tea range. The use of β-glucosidase showed an increase in the proportion of good volatile compounds of linalool, linalool oxide, methyl salicylate, and β-damascenone.
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 11:35:01 +000
       
  • Storage Stability of Chilled and Frozen Starch Gels as Affected by Blended
           Starch Formulation, Sucrose Syrup, and Coconut Milk

    • Abstract: Effects of starch formulation, highly concentrated sucrose solution, and coconut milk on the stability of starch gels kept under chilled and frozen conditions were determined. Gels containing rice starch (RS), tapioca starch (TS) (RS:TS of 1 : 0.85), and hydroxypropyl distarch phosphate (HDP, 0-50% of total starch) were prepared from 15% starch suspension using water, 45°Brix sucrose syrup or coconut milk as liquid media. After aging at 4°C for 21 days, starch gels had higher hardness and chewiness, with lower cohesiveness and springiness (). Water-based gels containing HDP had less extent of texture hardening, lower degree of crystallinity, and more homogeneous microstructure during 4°C aging. However, for the starch gels in sucrose syrup or coconut milk, HDP induced greater gel hardening, higher degree of crystallinity, and denser gel microstructure during chilled storage. This could be due to the crystallization of sucrose or lipid/amylose-lipid complexes. Nevertheless, HDP enhanced freeze-thaw stability of the gels, regardless of the liquid media used (). According to the consumer test of the model desserts subjected to a single freeze-thaw cycle, the sample containing 50% HDP gel in sucrose syrup or 25% HDP gel in coconut milk gained the highest hedonic score of texture and overall acceptance ().
      PubDate: Tue, 01 Mar 2022 06:50:00 +000
       
  • Extraction and Quantification of Saponins in Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa
           Willd.) Genotypes from Colombia

    • Abstract: Quinoa has a high nutraceutical potential because of the presence of secondary metabolites called saponins, which have industrial and medicinal uses and protect against attacks by pathogens. These compounds are found especially in the seed coat and give the grain a bitter taste; therefore, they must be eliminated before consumption. Despite the potential use in Colombia, there are few studies aimed at quantifying this metabolite. Therefore, the objective of this research was to evaluate two extraction methodologies (physical and chemical) and two methods for quantifying saponins in five quinoa genotypes grown in Colombia. The most efficient extraction method was the physical method. The saponin contents of the five genotypes were variable. The cluster analysis differentiated the genotypes into two groups: low saponin content (14.76 mg/g seeds). Blanca de Jericó had the lowest saponin content (0.18%). Identifying more efficient methodologies for extracting and quantifying saponins will allow a better characterization of the germplasm and selection of genotypes with desirable characteristics for both consumption and industrial use.
      PubDate: Mon, 28 Feb 2022 13:20:01 +000
       
  • Microbial Contamination and Occurrence of Aflatoxins in Processed Baobab
           Products in Kenya

    • Abstract: Baobab fruit demand has been on the rise in the recent past, and in an attempt to match the demand, farmers and middlemen are forced to harvest immature fruits which are not fully dried. To ensure an acceptable moisture content, baobab fruits are subjected to solar drying, which is a slow process and often carried out in open and unhygienic conditions raising safety concerns. This study was conducted to investigate the microbial and aflatoxin contamination levels in ready-to-eat baobab products from selected formal and informal processors in specific counties of Kenya. Selected processed baobab products were sampled randomly from formal and informal processors and analyzed for the total aerobic count, Enterobacteriaceae, yeast and molds, ergosterol, aflatoxins, moisture, and water activity. The moisture and water activity of baobab pulp and candies from formal processors ranged between 7.73% and 15.06% and 0.532 and 0.740 compared to those from informal processors which ranged from 10.50% to 23.47% and 0.532 to 0.751, respectively. In this study, baobab pulp from formal processors had significantly (, 0.0006) lower Enterobacteriaceae and yeast and molds loads ( and log 10 CFU/g, respectively) than pulp from informal processors ( and log 10 CFU/g, respectively). Similarly, the Enterobacteriaceae counts of candies from formal processors (nondetectable) were considerably lower () than those from informal processors ( log 10 CFU/g). The ergosterol content in these baobab product samples ranged between 0.46 and 1.92 mg/100 g while the aflatoxin content ranged between 3.93 and , respectively. Fungal and aflatoxin contamination was detected in 25% and 5% of pulp from formal and informal processors, respectively, and in 5% of candies from informal processors. Microbial contamination in processed baobab products shows an unhygienic processing environment while the fungal and aflatoxin contamination may indicate poor postharvest handling, transport, and storage conditions of baobab fruits along the baobab value chain.
      PubDate: Fri, 25 Feb 2022 09:50:02 +000
       
  • Analysis of Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) Protein Concentrate for Possible
           Use as Supplementary Protein

    • Abstract: Vulnerable populations in developing countries need new protein sources, such as protein concentrates from accessible sources at low economic costs. The main objective of this study was at evaluating the nutritional quality of the protein concentrate of the legume mesquite (Prosopis juliflora), compared with the protein values of other legumes described in literature. For this purpose, flour and protein concentrates from mesquite were obtained, along with their chemical composition. Amino acid profiling was performed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Protein quality index evaluation tests were also performed on preschool children and adults. The protein content of mesquite was found to be 68%. However, mesquite covers the requirements of essential amino acids, surpassing 31% of the protein required in adults, except for cysteine sulfur amino acids and aromatic amino acids. In other age groups such as children, mesquite had a high content of histidine, which is necessary and considered essential during infant development. According to the above, mesquite could be used as an alternative protein to produce food with high nutritional content.
      PubDate: Thu, 24 Feb 2022 13:20:01 +000
       
  • Effect of Brewery Spent Grain Level and Fermentation Time on the Quality
           of Bread

    • Abstract: BSG (brewery spent grain) is the most frequent by-product from the beer industry, which is high in protein, fiber, and minerals. This research was carried out to improve the nutritional content of bread by adding BSG to wheat flour. In this study, five levels (0%, 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20%) of BSG blending ratio and three levels (1, 2, and 3 hrs) of fermentation time were considered. Standard procedures were used to determine the chemical composition of BSG, dough quality, physicochemical composition, and sensory quality of bread. The BSG is composed of 6.19% moisture, 4.01% ash, 8.80% crude fat, 16.80% crude fiber, 21.86% crude protein, 42.30% carbohydrate, 2.57 mg/g calcium, 3.16 mg/g magnesium, and 7.34 mg/g potassium. The dough water absorption (58.53-66.67 ml/100 g), development time (3.43-17.57 min), stability (6.53–12.40 min), and degree of softening (25.33-50.33 FU) were increased significantly () as BSG ratio increased in blending. As the BSG raised, the loaf weight (127.58-148.85 g) was increased and reduced the loaf volume (372.97–366.74 cm3). The proximate composition of the BSG blended bread was increased significantly from 33.19 to 45.29% moisture, 1.31 to 3.82% ash, 0.88 to 3.63% crude fat, 0.74 to 8.45% crude fiber, and 8.33 to 14.65% crude protein. The utilizable carbohydrate and energy values were decreased from 53.18 to 34.45% and 2.66 to 2.24 kcal, respectively. The calcium, magnesium, and potassium contents of the bread were increased from 76.44 to 150.93 mg/100 g, 87.12 to 176.81 mg/100 g, and 116.04 to 225.49 mg/100 g, respectively, as the BSG level was increased from 0 to 20%. However, the fermentation time had a significant effect () only on the moisture content, protein content, caloric value, and mineral content of bread. The sensory acceptance of bread was significantly affected () by BSG levels. Finally, by considering the sensory, other functional, and nutritional properties, we concluded that replacing the wheat flour with BSG up to 10% was accepted by the consumers.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Feb 2022 12:35:01 +000
       
  • Effects of Momordica cochinchinensis Aril Extract on Sterilized Low-Fat
           Milk, Antioxidant and Antiproliferative Activities

    • Abstract: The aril extract (0.4% g/mL) of Gac fruit in milk supplement can inhibit cancer cell lines. Moreover, the extract has no toxicity against normal cells. In a sensory test, sterilized low-fat milk supplemented with 0.4% extract did not have different sensory score compared to the control. During the sterilization process, extract was not significantly different from the control. In sterilization (121°C, 15 min), adding Gac fruit extract in low-fat milk results in antioxidant activity increase. The extract increased values for the redness and yellowness of sterilized low fat, but the lightness decreased. Also, the extract slightly decreased the alcohol stability of sterilized low-fat milk. At an accelerated rate (50°C, 28 days), there was no effect of the extract addition on protein aggregation in low-fat milk. Moreover, the TBA values indicate the ability of the extract to inhibit lipid oxidation. Finally, Gac fruit extract added to milk may possibly extend the shelf life of sterilized low-fat milk and improve its antioxidant and anticancer activity properties.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Feb 2022 12:35:01 +000
       
  • Processing of Functional Yoghurt-Like Product from Soymilk Supplemented by
           Probiotics

    • Abstract: In this study, a new functional yoghurt-like product was manufactured using soymilk (sample B), mix of soymilk and cow milk (sample C), and both were compared with yoghurt of cow milk (sample A) as a control. The three yoghurt samples (A, B, and C) were processed using the traditional starter culture and Bifidobacterium bifidum: (A) 100% cow milk yoghurt, (B) 100% soymilk yoghurt, and (C) () yoghurt. All samples were stored at 4°C for 15 days and analyzed on 1st, 7th, and 15th day of the storage period. The results showed that all samples have kept a vital force of 106 colony/g until the 15th day of cooled storage period, and thus, achieving the feature of probiotic food. Moreover, soymilk yoghurt had the highest content of protein (3.75%) and the highest levels of unsaturated fatty acids, making it nutritious and healthy food. Furthermore, it had an acceptable taste, smell, and a firm texture. This product may be considered as a probiotic vegan and partial alternative to cow milk yoghurt. Additionally, adding probiotic bacteria prolonged the shelf-life and improved the flavor of soymilk.
      PubDate: Wed, 23 Feb 2022 12:35:01 +000
       
 
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