Subjects -> PHYSICS (Total: 857 journals)
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PHYSICS (625 journals)                  1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 1 - 200 of 741 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Acustica     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Acta Mechanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Acta Scientifica Naturalis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Advanced Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Advanced Functional Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 71)
Advanced Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 255)
Advanced Quantum Technologies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Advanced Science Focus     Free   (Followers: 6)
Advanced Structural and Chemical Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advanced Theory and Simulations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Clinical Radiology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in Geophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Advances in High Energy Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Imaging and Electron Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 33)
Advances in Natural Sciences : Nanoscience and Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 28)
Advances in OptoElectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Advances In Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Advances in Physics : X     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Advances in Physics Theories and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Aggregate     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
AIP Advances     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
AIP Conference Proceedings     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
American Journal of Condensed Matter Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
American Journal of Signal Processing     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Anales (Asociación Física Argentina)     Open Access  
Analysis and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Annalen der Physik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Annales Geophysicae (ANGEO)     Open Access   (Followers: 21)
Annales Henri Poincaré     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Annals of Nuclear Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Annals of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Annals of West University of Timisoara - Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annual Reports on NMR Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Annual Review of Materials Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
APL Materials     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Applied Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 54)
Applied Mathematics and Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Applied Physics Frontier     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Applied Physics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Applied Physics Research     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Applied Physics Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Applied Radiation and Isotopes     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Applied Spectroscopy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 24)
Applied Spectroscopy Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Archive for Rational Mechanics and Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asia Pacific Physics Newsletter     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Asian Journal of Physical and Chemical Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ASTRA Proceedings     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Astronomy & Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 49)
Astronomy and Astrophysics Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 39)
Atoms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Attention, Perception & Psychophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Axioms     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bangladesh Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Bauphysik     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Biomaterials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Biomedical Imaging and Intervention Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Biophysical Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Biophysical Reviews and Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
BJR|Open     Open Access  
Boson Journal of Modern Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Brazilian Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of Materials Science     Open Access   (Followers: 43)
Bulletin of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Series: Physics and Mathematics     Open Access  
Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bulletin of the Lebedev Physics Institute     Hybrid Journal  
Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Caderno Brasileiro de Ensino de Física     Open Access  
Canadian Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Cell Reports Physical Science     Open Access  
Cells     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
CERN courier. International journal of high energy physics     Free   (Followers: 8)
Chemical Physics Impact     Full-text available via subscription  
ChemPhysMater     Full-text available via subscription  
Chinese Journal of Chemical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Chinese Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Ciencia     Open Access  
Clinical Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cogent Physics     Open Access  
Colloid Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications in Numerical Methods in Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Communications Materials     Open Access  
Communications Physics     Open Access  
Complex Analysis and its Synergies     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Composites Part A : Applied Science and Manufacturing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 175)
Composites Part B : Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 221)
Composites Part C : Open Access     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Computational Astrophysics and Cosmology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Computational Condensed Matter     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Computational Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Computational Particle Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Computer Physics Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Condensed Matter     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Contemporary Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Continuum Mechanics and Thermodynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Contributions to Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Cryogenics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 61)
Current Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Current Science     Open Access   (Followers: 116)
Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging     Full-text available via subscription  
Diamond and Related Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Discrete and Continuous Models and Applied Computational Science     Open Access  
Doklady Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
e-Boletim da Física     Open Access  
East European Journal of Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Edufisika : Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika     Open Access  
EDUSAINS     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Remote Sensing and Space Science     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
EJNMMI Physics     Open Access  
Emergent Scientist     Open Access  
Engineering Failure Analysis     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 68)
Engineering Fracture Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Environmental Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
EPJ Quantum Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
EPJ Techniques and Instrumentation     Open Access  
EPJ Web of Conferences     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
EUREKA : Physics and Engineering     Open Access  
European Physical Journal - Applied Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
European Physical Journal C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Europhysics News     Open Access  
Experimental and Computational Multiphase Flow     Hybrid Journal  
Experimental Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Experimental Techniques     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Exploration Geophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Few-Body Systems     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Fire and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
FirePhysChem     Open Access  
Flexible Services and Manufacturing Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Fluctuation and Noise Letters     Hybrid Journal  
Fluid Dynamics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
Fortschritte der Physik/Progress of Physics     Hybrid Journal  
Frontiers in Nanotechnology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Frontiers in Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Frontiers of Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Frontiers of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Fusion Engineering and Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 35)
Geografiska Annaler, Series A : Physical Geography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Geophysical Research Letters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 162)
Giant     Open Access  
Glass Physics and Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Granular Matter     Hybrid Journal  
Graphs and Combinatorics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Gravitation and Cosmology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Heat Transfer - Asian Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
High Energy Density Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
High Pressure Research: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Himalayan Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
IEEE Embedded Systems Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Journal on Multiscale and Multiphysics Computational Techniques     Hybrid Journal  
IEEE Magnetics Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
IEEE Nanotechnology Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
IEEE Reviews in Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IEEE Signal Processing Magazine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 98)
IEEE Solid-State Circuits Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
IEEE Transactions on Broadcasting     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 174)
IEEE Transactions on Haptics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 85)
IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 57)
IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
IEEE Transactions on Quantum Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
IEEE Transactions on Services Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
IEEE Transactions on Software Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 84)
IEEE Women in Engineering Magazine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
IEEE/OSA Journal of Optical Communications and Networking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
IET Optoelectronics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Il Colle di Galileo     Open Access  
Image Analysis & Stereology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Imaging Science Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
ImmunoInformatics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics (IJBB)     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indian Journal of Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Physics (IJPAP)     Open Access   (Followers: 36)
Indian Journal of Radio & Space Physics (IJRSP)     Open Access   (Followers: 49)
Infinite Dimensional Analysis, Quantum Probability and Related Topics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
InfraMatics     Open Access  
Infrared Physics & Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Intelligent Transportation Systems Magazine, IEEE     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Intermetallics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
International Applied Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Heat Treatment and Surface Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal for Computational Methods in Engineering Science and Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal for Ion Mobility Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for Simulation and Multidisciplinary Design Optimization     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Abrasive Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Aeroacoustics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 37)
International Journal of Applied Electronics in Physics & Robotics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)

        1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Advances in Natural Sciences : Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.442
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 28  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2043-6254 - ISSN (Online) 2043-6262
Published by IOP Homepage  [7 journals]
  • Ovarian Cancer: Potential biomarkers and nanotechnology based diagnostic

    • Abstract: Due to lack of effective diagnosis, most of the women are diagnosed for ovarian cancer in late stages, which reduces their survival chances. Hence, there is a dire need for development of effective biomarkers and diagnostic strategies that can help in predicting the disease in early stages. Such developments can provide the biomarkers which have the capacity to provide effective results in limited time. They can direct the treatment strategies thereby revolutionising the way ovarian cancer is dealt worldwide. The article focuses on the current diagnostic and prognostic methods available and the potential biomarkers for ovarian cancer detection. These markers are currently being studied and validated. Some of the recent nanotechnological approaches that can be used to develop diagnostic platforms are discussed, which may represent the next generation of ovarian cancer diagnostics and prognostics.
      PubDate: Mon, 04 Oct 2021 00:00:00 +000
  • Structural, optical and dielectric studies of wurtzite-type CdS quantum
           dots green synthesised using Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi) leaf extract

    • Abstract: Present study reports the synthesis of CdS quantum dots (QDs) using Ocimum sanctum (Tulsi) leaf extract by green chemical method. The as-prepared QDs are characterised by different analytical methods. FTIR analysis indicates that the phytochemicals present in Tulsi leaf extract play an important role in controlling the size of the particle and its morphology. The structural properties and surface morphology studies are carried out by powder XRD and SEM with EDX. PXRD patterns revealed the hexagonal structure (wurtzite) for all CdS QDs. The average crystallite size lies in the range of 3.6–3.0 nm which decreases with the increase of the extract concentration. The lattice parameters of the pure and capped CdS QDs are found to be smaller than that of their bulk analogue. The EDAX study confirms the purity of all the prepared samples. The optical study is done by UV-vis spectroscopy and the particle sizes are estimated by an empirical method, which are in good agreement with those obtained from PXRD analysis. Dielectric constant of the QDs is obtained at room temperature at different frequencies where the frequency dependence is pronounced at the lower frequencies. It is noted that the band gap of the capped CdS QDs systematically increases with the increase of the extract concentration whereas the particles size and dielectric constant of these samples decreases with the increasing amount of the extract.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +000
  • Effect of graphene oxide concentration on the properties of silicon
           nanoholes/poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene): poly(styrene
           sulfonate)/graphene oxide hybrid solar cell

    • Abstract: We present herein some results on the fabrication and characterisation of n-type silicon nanoholes (SiNH)/poly(3,4-ethylene dioxythiophene):poly (styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) containing different graphene oxide (GO) hybrid solar cells. SiNH prepared by a chemical etching method showed a relatively low reflectance below 10% in the incident wavelength range of 300–1000 nm. The effect of GO concentrations on the performance of the hybrid solar cell was also investigated. The solar cell containing 0.5 wt% GO concentration had a maximum power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 9.07%, a Voc of 0.519 V, a Jsc of 26.85 mA cm−2 and an FF of 65%, which is about 20% improvement compared to the device without GO (7.53%). The enhancement is attributed to the increase in electrical conductivity of the PEDOT:PSS coating layer due to the addition of the GO.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +000
  • D2B antibody and its scFvD2B fragment in nanomedicine: promising tools in
           the theranostics of prostate cancer

    • Abstract: Prostate cancer (PC) is ranked the sixth deadliest cancers among men. If PC is diagnosed at metastasised stages, traditional surgery and radiation therapy have limitations. In the last few decades, antibody therapy has emerged to deliver radioactive drugs to any metastatic PC tumours; thus, improving theranostics results and prolonged patient's survival via effective targeting of prostate specific membrane antigens (PSMA). Full length anti-PSMA antibody, D2B, and its single chain variable fragment, scFvD2B, have been extensively studied as naked or combined with nanoparticles (NPs) in targeted antibody therapy. Such a combination is considered a current hotspot in research as a means to enhance the delivery, binding specificity, and stability of therapeutic or diagnostic agents. In this review, we summarise and compare data from studies published between 1993 & 2021 to highlight the major outputs from in vivo and in vitro applications of D2B and scFvD2B antibodies in PC theranostics. Special focus is set on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) as a delivery vehicle given their unique physicochemical and biological properties. Our conclusion supports the use of AuNPs-scFvD2B conjugates in future biomedical approaches.
      PubDate: Fri, 24 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +000
  • Green synthesis of Fe-doped Ag-loaded reduced graphene oxide ternary
           nanocomposite for efficient photocatalytic degradation of toxic dyes

    • Abstract: The green synthesis of iron nanoparticles (FeNPs) doped and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) loaded reduced graphene oxide (rGO) (Fe-Ag@rGO) nanocomposite and its applications in methylene blue (MB), malachite green (MG), rhodamine B (RB) degradation were reported. Initially, AgNPs loaded rGO (Ag@rGO) nanocomposites were synthesised simultaneously by an ecological method using Tamarindus indica shell extract as a green reducing agent. Then, the doping of FeNPs into rGO@Ag nanocomposites afforded Fe-Ag@rGO nanocomposite. Interestingly, the finding of this study confirmed that the Fe-Ag@rGO nanocomposites exhibited countless stupendous features in terms of dye degradation. Briefly, the UV-visible spectroscopy and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) study confirmed the synthesis of Fe-Ag@rGO nanocomposite. The scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images showed the spherical shape with cross-linked network structures that confirmed the surface modification and synthesis of Fe-Ag@rGO nanocomposite. Finally, the dye degradation potential of the photocatalyst was found to be 97.20%, 98.43%, and 97.33%, for MB, MG, RB, respectively. Herein, the improved photocatalytic performance of the Fe-Ag@rGO was found due to the larger surface area, porous nature, high electron mobility, and synergistic effect of the Fe-Ag@rGO nanocomposite. Additionally, the effective interfacial hybridisation of 'Ag', and doping of 'Fe' on the rGO sheet extended the duration of the photogenerated electron (e-) hole pairs that can also be contributing to dye degradation. Conclusively, the present experiment provides the new Fe-Ag@rGO nanocomposite to the dye degradation, which could be improved environmental remediation.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +000
  • Preparation of nanocomposites of PbS quantum dots dispersed in
           MAPbI3 matrix from precursor solution of Pb xanthate

    • Abstract: Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskites attract attentions because of their unique electro-optical properties which are expected to be applied to various devices. The perovskite compounds are generally prepared from precursor solutions consisting of two materials, AX and BX2 for ABX3. Generally, methylammonium lead triiodide (MAPbI3) perovskite is formed from the precursor solution consisting of methylammonium iodide (MAI) and lead iodide (PbI2). In this report, we select Pb(-S-C(S)-OR)2 (lead xanthate, abbreviated as Pb(XT)2) as the perovskite precursor instead of PbI2. We found that the precursor solutions consisting of the MAI and the Pb(XT)2 give nanocomposites consisting of MAPbI3 and PbS nanomaterials including PbS quantum dot without changing the MAPbI3 bandgap. In this report, nanocomposites prepared from precursors consisting of Pb(XT)2/MAI with various ratios are analysed by using XRD, XPS, TG-DTA, TEM and UV/VIS spectroscopy.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +000
  • Biosynthesis of α-MoO3 nanoparticles and its adsorption performance of
           cadmium from aqueous solutions

    • Abstract: Molybdenum (VI) oxide nanoparticles (α-MoO3 NPs) were green synthesised using buckthorn leaf extract as the reducing and capping agents. The α-MoO3 NPs were characterised by thermogravimetric analysis, fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, field emission scanning, and transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller surface area analysis. The analyses showed the formation of spherical-shaped α-MoO3 NPs with ∼50 nm mean crystallite size, 3.825 m2 g-1 surface area, and 0.005 cm3 g-1 total pore volume. The synthesised α-MoO3 was then applied for adsorption of Cd (II) from aqueous solutions. Optimisation of various adsorption parameters resulted in complete Cd (II) removal under the conditions: 0.1 g α-MoO3 dose, 60 min contact time, 50 mg l-1 initial Cd (II) concentration, pH 7 and 298 K. The experimental results were further assessed using different kinetic, isotherm and thermodynamic models. The data were best described by pseudo-second-order (R2 = 0.992) and Langmuir (R2 = 0.98) models with a maximum adsorption capacity of 57.5 mg g-1 at optimum conditions. Thermodynamic results indicated that the adsorption process is feasible, spontaneous, and endothermic in nature. Moreover, upon regeneration and interference results, α-MoO3 is stable and selective for Cd (II) adsorption in presence of other cations. Upon these results, the biosynthesised α-MoO3 NPs can be used as a selective adsorbent for the efficient removal of Cd (II) from aqueous media.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +000
  • Study on the concentration of gold nanoparticles for antibacterial

    • Abstract: Pure and polymer coated (PVP and PVA) gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with 0.001 and 0.002 M concentrations were synthesised by chemical method. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images showed that the size of nanoparticles is below 50 nm whereas the selected area electron diffraction (SAED) pattern indicated cubic structure with lattice parameter of 4.09 Å for each sample. The absorption bands for all these samples lie between 500 and 550 nm as observed from UV–vis spectra. The photoluminescence (PL) spectra taken at 300 nm excitation wavelength showed emission between 415 and 430 nm whereas the particle size determined from particle size analyser lies below 100 nm for all samples. The ultrasonic velocity measured as a function of temperature showed the decrement above 50 °C for PVP and PVA coated AuNPs. The antimicrobial activity for these above taken concentrations of gold samples showed negative effect, whereas higher concentration of AuNPs of 0.005 M showed the positive effect for gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +000
  • Effect of electric fields on the electronic and thermoelectric properties
           of zigzag buckling silicene nanoribbons

    • Abstract: We investigate the electronic structure and the thermoelectric transport properties of zigzag buckling silicene nanoribbons (BSiNRs) under the effect of external electric fields by means of atomistic simulations. The obtained results show that thanks to the buckling feature, zigzag BSiNRs have a stronger response to a vertical electric field compared to its flat form structure and also single-layer and bi-layer graphene nanoribbons with zigzag edges (GNRs & BGNRs). An inverse is observed in the case of a transverse electric field. Interestingly, the mutual effect when applying simultaneously the vertical and transverse fields induces a larger bandgap compared to individual ones. The mutual effect observed with zigzag BSiNRs is much more pronounced compared to that in zigzag BGNRs since the vertical field has a modest effect on zigzag BGNRs stemming from weak van der Waals interactions between graphene layers. Thermoelectric performance of zigzag BSiNRs is enhanced remarkably with electric fields in which the figure of merit ZT can be tuned to exceed 1. Interestingly, although the mutual impact of two external fields induces the largest Seebeck coefficient, it unveils that the vertical electric field is overall more efficient in enhancing the thermoelectric performance of zigzag BSiNRs. In addition, the enhancement of ZT is demonstrated to stem mainly from a dramatical degradation of the electron thermal conductance around the Fermi level. This study shows that zigzag BSiNRs in combination with external electric fields have favourable advantages for different electronic and thermoelectric applications.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +000
  • Graphene oxide as an effective hole transport material for low-cost
           carbon-based mesoscopic perovskite solar cells

    • Abstract: Carbon-based perovskite solar cells (PSCs) are fast developing toward large-scale production. In this study, graphene oxide (GO) was applied as a hole transport material (HTM) for carbon-based mesoscopic PSCs with n-i-p structure. The GO was prepared using a simple Hummer's method, while the carbon counter electrode was deposited using a doctor blade and heated at a temperature of 120 °C. The mesoscopic carbon-based PSCs with various GO dispersion (1.0, 1.5, and 2.0−1) are fabricated and characterised for optimised photovoltaic performance. Consequently, the use of GO as HTM improved the quality of perovskite film by providing perovskite crystals with larger grain size and fewer pinholes. The power conversion efficiency (PCE) of 10.01% was obtained with GO dispersion concentration of 1.0−1, which was significantly higher than a similar device without HTM with a PCE of 8.32%. These results show that GO effectively serves as a promising HTM. Combined with the use of carbon as a replacement for metals as a back-contact electrode, this work demonstrates that the overall material cost for perovskite solar cells could be reduced while maintaining excellent photovoltaic performance.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Sep 2021 00:00:00 +000
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