Subjects -> PHYSICS (Total: 857 journals)
    - ELECTRICITY AND MAGNETISM (10 journals)
    - MECHANICS (22 journals)
    - NUCLEAR PHYSICS (53 journals)
    - OPTICS (92 journals)
    - PHYSICS (625 journals)
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    - THERMODYNAMICS (30 journals)

PHYSICS (625 journals)            First | 1 2 3 4 | Last

Showing 201 - 400 of 741 Journals sorted alphabetically
International Journal of Astronomy and Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 37)
International Journal of Biological, Physical and Chemical Studies     Open Access  
International Journal of Computational Materials Science and Surface Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Damage Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Engineering and Applied Physics     Open Access  
International Journal of Fatigue     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 41)
International Journal of Fracture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Geometric Methods in Modern Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Geophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Heat and Fluid Flow     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
International Journal of Low Radiation     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Low-Carbon Technologies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Mass Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Material Forming     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Materials and Product Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Mechanical Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Mechanics and Materials in Design     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Microwave Science and Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Modeling, Simulation, and Scientific Computing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Modern Physics A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
International Journal of Modern Physics B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Modern Physics C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Modern Physics D     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Modern Physics E     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Multiphysics     Open Access  
International Journal of Nanomanufacturing     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Nanoscience     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Nanotechnology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
International Journal of Non-Linear Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
International Journal of Nonlinear Dynamics and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of PIXE     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Plasticity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Quantum Information     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Self-Propagating High-Temperature Synthesis     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Solids and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
International Journal of Surface Science and Engineering     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Theoretical and Applied Multiscale Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Theoretical and Mathematical Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
International Journal of Theoretical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
International Journal of Thermal Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
International Journal on Smart Sensing and Intelligent Systems     Open Access  
International Letters of Chemistry, Physics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
International Materials Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Iranian Journal of Medical Physics     Open Access  
Iranian Journal of Science and Technology, Transactions A : Science     Hybrid Journal  
Ironmaking & Steelmaking     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Izvestiya, Physics of the Solid Earth     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Jambura Physics Journal     Open Access  
JETP Letters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Advanced Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Advances in Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Applied Mechanics and Technical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Applied Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 69)
Journal of Applied Spectroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Journal of Building Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Chromatographic Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Complex Networks     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Composite Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 250)
Journal of Computational and Theoretical Transport     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Computational Methods in Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Computational Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 60)
Journal of Computational Physics : X     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Contemporary Physics (Armenian Academy of Sciences)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement, and Control     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Elasticity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Electronic Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Electronics Cooling and Thermal Control     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Engineering Physics and Thermophysics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Experimental Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Fire Sciences     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Geometry and Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Geophysical Research : Space Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 144)
Journal of Gravity     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of High Energy Astrophysics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 26)
Journal of High Energy Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of High Energy Physics, Gravitation and Cosmology     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Hydrogels     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Hyperspectral Remote Sensing     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Journal of Imaging     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Information Display     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Lightwave Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Low Frequency Noise, Vibration and Active Control     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Luminescence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Materials Engineering and Performance     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Materials Physics and Chemistry     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Electronics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Materials Science : Materials in Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Mathematical Fluid Mechanics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Medical Imaging and Health Informatics     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Medical Ultrasonics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Micro/Nanolithography MEMS and MOEMS     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Molecular Spectroscopy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Motor Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Multiscale Modeling     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Nepal Physical Society     Open Access  
Journal of Nondestructive Evaluation     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Nonlinear Dynamics     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Nonlinear Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nuclear Physics, Material Sciences, Radiation and Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Optics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Photonics for Energy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Physical Chemistry B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 48)
Journal of Physical Chemistry C     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of Physical Oceanography     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19, SJR: 2.461, CiteScore: 3)
Journal of Physical Organic Chemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Plasma Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Journal of Porous Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Rheology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Sandwich Structures and Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Scientific Research     Open Access  
Journal of Sensors     Open Access   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Solid State Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Spectroscopy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Superconductivity and Novel Magnetism     Partially Free   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Synchrotron Radiation     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Journal of the ICRU     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of the Korean Physical Society     Partially Free  
Journal of the Physical Society of Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Theoretical and Applied Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Tissue Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Vibration and Control     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Journal of Visualization     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Zhejiang University : Sceince A     Hybrid Journal  
JPSE (Journal of Physical Science and Engineering)     Open Access  
Jurnal Fisika     Open Access  
Jurnal Ilmiah Pendidikan Fisika Al-Biruni     Open Access  
Jurnal NEUTRINO     Open Access  
Jurnal Online of Physics     Open Access  
Jurnal Pendidikan Fisika Indonesia (Indonesian Journal of Physics Education)     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Fisika dan Aplikasinya     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Sains (JPS)     Open Access  
Karbala International Journal of Modern Science     Open Access  
Kasuari : Physics Education Journal     Open Access  
La Rivista del Nuovo Cimento     Hybrid Journal  
Lasers in Surgery and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Latvian Journal of Physics and Technical Sciences     Open Access  
Letters in High Energy Physics     Open Access  
Letters in Mathematical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Light : Science & Applications     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Living Reviews in Computational Astrophysics     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Living Reviews in Relativity     Open Access  
Living Reviews in Solar Physics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Lubrication Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Macalester Journal of Physics and Astronomy     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Machining Science and Technology: An International Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Magnetic Resonance     Open Access  
Magnetic Resonance Letters     Open Access  
Magnetic Resonance Materials in Physics, Biology and Medicine     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
MAPAN     Hybrid Journal  
Mass Spectrometry Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Matéria (Rio de Janeiro)     Open Access  
Materials and Design     Open Access   (Followers: 47)
Materials at High Temperatures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Materials Chemistry and Physics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Materials Research Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Materials Research Innovations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Materials Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Materials Science and Engineering: A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Materials Science and Engineering: B     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Materials Science and Engineering: R: Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Materials Science and Technology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Materials Today Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Matériaux & Techniques     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Mathematical Physics, Analysis and Geometry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Mathematics and Mechanics of Solids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Matter and Radiation at Extremes     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Meccanica     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Mechanics of Advanced Materials and Structures     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Mechanics of Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Mechanics of Time-Dependent Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Mechanics Research Communications     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Medical Physics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Micro and Nano Systems Letters     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Microfluidics and Nanofluidics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Microporous and Mesoporous Materials     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Modern Instrumentation     Open Access   (Followers: 57)
Modern Physics Letters A     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)

  First | 1 2 3 4 | Last

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Tissue Engineering
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2041-7314 - ISSN (Online) 2041-7314
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • Liver scaffolds obtained by decellularization: A transplant perspective in
           liver bioengineering

    • Authors: Marlon Lemos Dias, Bruno Andrade Paranhos, Regina Coeli dos Santos Goldenberg
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Liver transplantation is the only definitive treatment for many diseases that affect this organ, however, its quantity and viability are reduced. The study of liver scaffolds based on an extracellular matrix is a tissue bioengineering strategy with great application in regenerative medicine. Collectively, recent studies suggest that liver scaffold transplantation may assist in reestablishing hepatic function in preclinical diseased animals, which represents a great potential for application as a treatment for patients with liver disease in the future. This review focuses on useful strategies to promote liver scaffold transplantation and the main open questions about this context. We outline the current knowledge about ex vivo bioengineered liver transplantation, including the surgical techniques, recipient survival time, scaffold preparation before transplantation, and liver disease models. We also highlight the current limitations and future directions regarding in vivo bioengineering techniques.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-06-21T06:44:54Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221105305
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • A gastruloid model of the interaction between embryonic and
           extra-embryonic cell types

    • Authors: Noémie MLP Bérenger-Currias, Maria Mircea, Esmée Adegeest, Patrick R van den Berg, Marleen Feliksik, Mazène Hochane, Timon Idema, Sander J Tans, Stefan Semrau
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Stem-cell derived in vitro systems, such as organoids or embryoids, hold great potential for modeling in vivo development. Full control over their initial composition, scalability, and easily measurable dynamics make those systems useful for studying specific developmental processes in isolation. Here we report the formation of gastruloids consisting of mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) and extraembryonic endoderm (XEN) cells. These XEN-enhanced gastruloids (XEGs) exhibit the formation of neural epithelia, which are absent in gastruloids derived from mESCs only. By single-cell RNA-seq, imaging, and differentiation experiments, we demonstrate the neural characteristics of the epithelial tissue. We further show that the mESCs induce the differentiation of the XEN cells to a visceral endoderm-like state. Finally, we demonstrate that local inhibition of WNT signaling and production of a basement membrane by the XEN cells underlie the formation of the neuroepithelial tissue. In summary, we establish XEGs to explore heterotypic cellular interactions and their developmental consequences in vitro.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-06-11T07:22:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221103042
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Decellularization for the retention of tissue niches

    • Authors: Deana Moffat, Kaiming Ye, Sha Jin
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Decellularization of natural tissues to produce extracellular matrix is a promising method for three-dimensional scaffolding and for understanding microenvironment of the tissue of interest. Due to the lack of a universal standard protocol for tissue decellularization, recent investigations seek to develop novel methods for whole or partial organ decellularization capable of supporting cell differentiation and implantation towards appropriate tissue regeneration. This review provides a comprehensive and updated perspective on the most recent advances in decellularization strategies for a variety of organs and tissues, highlighting techniques of chemical, physical, biological, enzymatic, or combinative-based methods to remove cellular contents from tissues. In addition, the review presents modernized approaches for improving standard decellularization protocols for numerous organ types.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-05-21T08:43:20Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221101151
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Modeling the blood-brain barrier for treatment of central nervous system
           (CNS) diseases

    • Authors: Olivia Rice, Allison Surian, Yupeng Chen
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      The blood-brain barrier (BBB) is the most specialized biological barrier in the body. This configuration of specialized cells protects the brain from invasion of molecules and particles through formation of tight junctions. To learn more about transport to the brain, in vitro modeling of the BBB is continuously advanced. The types of models and cells selected vary with the goal of each individual study, but the same validation methods, quantification of tight junctions, and permeability assays are often used. With Transwells and microfluidic devices, more information regarding formation of the BBB has been observed. Disease models have been developed to examine the effects on BBB integrity. The goal of modeling is not only to understand normal BBB physiology, but also to create treatments for diseases. This review will highlight several recent studies to show the diversity in model selection and the many applications of BBB models in in vitro research.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-05-14T08:36:33Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221095997
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Induced pluripotent stem cell-based organ-on-a-chip as personalized drug
           screening tools: A focus on neurodegenerative disorders

    • Authors: Francesca Fanizza, Marzia Campanile, Gianluigi Forloni, Carmen Giordano, Diego Albani
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      The Organ-on-a-Chip (OoC) technology shows great potential to revolutionize the drugs development pipeline by mimicking the physiological environment and functions of human organs. The translational value of OoC is further enhanced when combined with patient-specific induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) to develop more realistic disease models, paving the way for the development of a new generation of patient-on-a-chip devices. iPSCs differentiation capacity leads to invaluable improvements in personalized medicine. Moreover, the connection of single-OoC into multi-OoC or body-on-a-chip allows to investigate drug pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetics through the study of multi-organs cross-talks. The need of a breakthrough thanks to this technology is particularly relevant within the field of neurodegenerative diseases, where the number of patients is increasing and the successful rate in drug discovery is worryingly low. In this review we discuss current iPSC-based OoC as drug screening models and their implication in development of new therapies for neurodegenerative disorders.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-05-09T12:03:08Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221095339
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Application of microneedle patches for drug delivery; doorstep to novel
           therapies

    • Authors: Fateme Nazary Abrbekoh, Leila Salimi, Sepideh Saghati, Hassan Amini, Sonia Fathi Karkan, Keyvan Moharamzadeh, Emel Sokullu, Reza Rahbarghazi
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      In the past decade, microneedle-based drug delivery systems showed promising approaches to become suitable and alternative for hypodermic injections and can control agent delivery without side effects compared to conventional approaches. Despite these advantages, the procedure of microfabrication is facing some difficulties. For instance, drug loading method, stability of drugs, and retention time are subjects of debate. Besides, the application of novel refining fabrication methods, types of materials, and instruments are other issues that need further attention. Herein, we tried to summarize recent achievements in controllable drug delivery systems (microneedle patches) in vitro and in vivo settings. In addition, we discussed the influence of delivered drugs on the cellular mechanism and immunization molecular signaling pathways through the intradermal delivery route. Understanding the putative efficiency of microneedle patches in human medicine can help us develop and design sophisticated therapeutic modalities.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-04-29T01:34:16Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221085390
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Decellularization of tumours: A new frontier in tissue engineering

    • Authors: Elena García-Gareta, María Ángeles Pérez, José Manuel García-Aznar
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide. The tumour extracellular matrix (ECM) has unique features in terms of composition and mechanical properties, resulting in a structurally and chemically different ECM to that of native, healthy tissues. This paper reviews to date the efforts into decellularization of tumours, which in the authors’ view represents a new frontier in the ever evolving field of tumour tissue engineering. An overview of the ECM and its importance in cancer is given, ending with examples of research using decellularized tumours, which has already indicated potential therapeutic targets, unravelled malignancy mechanisms or response to chemotherapy agents. The review highlights that more research is needed in this area, which can answer important questions related to tumour formation and progression to ultimately identify new and effective therapeutic targets. Within the near-future of personalized medicine, this research can create patient-specific tumour models and therapeutic regimes.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-04-25T12:51:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221091682
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Bioprinting and plastic compression of large pigmented and vascularized
           

    • Authors: Luca Pontiggia, Ingmar AJ Van Hengel, Agnes Klar, Dominic Rütsche, Monica Nanni, Andreas Scheidegger, Sandro Figi, Ernst Reichmann, Ueli Moehrlen, Thomas Biedermann
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Extensive availability of engineered autologous dermo-epidermal skin substitutes (DESS) with functional and structural properties of normal human skin represents a goal for the treatment of large skin defects such as severe burns. Recently, a clinical phase I trial with this type of DESS was successfully completed, which included patients own keratinocytes and fibroblasts. Yet, two important features of natural skin were missing: pigmentation and vascularization. The first has important physiological and psychological implications for the patient, the second impacts survival and quality of the graft. Additionally, accurate reproduction of large amounts of patient’s skin in an automated way is essential for upscaling DESS production. Therefore, in the present study, we implemented a new robotic unit (called SkinFactory) for 3D bioprinting of pigmented and pre-vascularized DESS using normal human skin derived fibroblasts, blood- and lymphatic endothelial cells, keratinocytes, and melanocytes. We show the feasibility of our approach by demonstrating the viability of all the cells after printing in vitro, the integrity of the reconstituted capillary network in vivo after transplantation to immunodeficient rats and the anastomosis to the vascular plexus of the host. Our work has to be considered as a proof of concept in view of the implementation of an extended platform, which fully automatize the process of skin substitution: this would be a considerable improvement of the treatment of burn victims and patients with severe skin lesions based on patients own skin derived cells.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-04-25T12:49:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221088513
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Toward 3D-bioprinting of an endocrine pancreas: A building-block concept
           for bioartificial insulin-secreting tissue

    • Authors: Gabriel A Salg, Eric Poisel, Matthias Neulinger-Munoz, Jamina Gerhardus, Daniel Cebulla, Catrin Bludszuweit-Philipp, Vitor Vieira, Felix Nickel, Ingrid Herr, Andreas Blaeser, Nathalia A Giese, Thilo Hackert, Hannes G Kenngott
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Three-dimensional bioprinting of an endocrine pancreas is a promising future curative treatment for patients with insulin secretion deficiency. In this study, we present an end-to-end concept from the molecular to the macroscopic level. Building-blocks for a hybrid scaffold device of hydrogel and functionalized polycaprolactone were manufactured by 3D-(bio)printing. Pseudoislet formation from INS-1 cells after bioprinting resulted in a viable and proliferative experimental model. Transcriptomics showed an upregulation of proliferative and ß-cell-specific signaling cascades, downregulation of apoptotic pathways, overexpression of extracellular matrix proteins, and VEGF induced by pseudoislet formation and 3D-culture. Co-culture with endothelial cells created a natural cellular niche with enhanced insulin secretion after glucose stimulation. Survival and function of pseudoislets after explantation and extensive scaffold vascularization of both hydrogel and heparinized polycaprolactone were demonstrated in vivo. Computer simulations of oxygen, glucose and insulin flows were used to evaluate scaffold architectures and Langerhans islets at a future perivascular transplantation site.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-04-20T11:49:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221091033
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Delivery of Wnt inhibitor WIF1 via engineered polymeric microspheres
           promotes nerve regeneration after sciatic nerve crush

    • Authors: Na Zhang, Junquan Lin, Jiah Shin Chin, Christian Wiraja, Chenjie Xu, Duncan Angus McGrouther, Sing Yian Chew
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Injuries within the peripheral nervous system (PNS) lead to sensory and motor deficits, as well as neuropathic pain, which strongly impair the life quality of patients. Although most current PNS injury treatment approaches focus on using growth factors/small molecules to stimulate the regrowth of the injured nerves, these methods neglect another important factor that strongly hinders axon regeneration—the presence of axonal inhibitory molecules. Therefore, this work sought to explore the potential of pathway inhibition in promoting sciatic nerve regeneration. Additionally, the therapeutic window for using pathway inhibitors was uncovered so as to achieve the desired regeneration outcomes. Specifically, we explored the role of Wnt signaling inhibition on PNS regeneration by delivering Wnt inhibitors, sFRP2 and WIF1, after sciatic nerve transection and sciatic nerve crush injuries. Our results demonstrate that WIF1 promoted nerve regeneration (p 
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-04-07T11:14:38Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221087417
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Thermoresponsive fiber-based microwells capable of formation and retrieval
           of salivary gland stem cell spheroids for the regeneration of
           irradiation-damaged salivary glands

    • Authors: Hye Jin Hong, Jae-Min Cho, Yeo-Jun Yoon, DoJin Choi, Soohyun Lee, Hwajung Lee, Sujeong Ahn, Won-Gun Koh, Jae-Yol Lim
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Three-dimensional spheroid culture enhances cell-to-cell interactions among stem cells and promotes the expression of stem cell properties; however, subsequent retrieval and delivery of these cells remain a challenge. We fabricated a thermoresponsive fiber-based microwell scaffold by combining electrospinning and hydrogel micropatterning. The resultant scaffold appeared to facilitate the formation of cellular spheroids of uniform size and enabled the expression of more stem cell-secreting growth factor genes (EGF, IGF-1, FGF1, FGF2, and HGF), pluripotent stem cell-related genes (SOX2 and NANOG), and adult epithelial stem cell-related genes (LGR4, LGR5, and LGR6) than salivary gland stem cells in a monolayer culture (SGSCmonolayer). The spheroids could be retrieved efficiently by decreasing temperature. SGSC-derived spheroid (SGSCspheroid) cells were then implanted into the submandibular glands of mice at 2 weeks after fractionated X-ray irradiation at a dose of 7.5 Gy/day. At 16 weeks post-irradiation, restoration of salivary function was detected only in SGSCspheroid-implanted mice. The production of submandibular acini specific mucin increased in SGSCspheroid-implanted mice, compared with PBS control. More MIST1+ mature acinar cells were preserved in the SGSCspheroid-implanted group than in the PBS control group. Intriguingly, SGSCspheroid-implanted mice exhibited greater amelioration of tissue damage and preservation of KRT7+ terminally differentiated luminal ductal cells than SGSCmonolayer-implanted mice. The SGSCspheroid-implanted mice also showed less DNA damage and apoptotic cell death than the SGSCmonolayer-implanted mice at 2 weeks post-implantation. Additionally, a significant increase in Ki67+AQP5+ proliferative acinar cells was noted only in SGSCspheroid-implanted mice. Our results suggest that a thermoresponsive fiber-based scaffold could be of use to facilitate the production of function-enhanced SGSCspheroid cells and their subsequent retrieval and delivery to damaged salivary glands to alleviate radiation-induced apoptotic cell death and promote salivary gland regeneration.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-04-07T11:12:14Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221085645
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Recent advance in treatment of atherosclerosis: Key targets and
           plaque-positioned delivery strategies

    • Authors: Li Li, Sainan Liu, Jianying Tan, Lai Wei, Dimeng Wu, Shuai Gao, Yajun Weng, Junying Chen
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Atherosclerosis, a chronic inflammatory disease of vascular wall, is a progressive pathophysiological process with lipids oxidation/depositing initiation and innate/adaptive immune responses. The coordination of multi systems covering oxidative stress, dysfunctional endothelium, diseased lipid uptake, cell apoptosis, thrombotic and pro-inflammatory responding as well as switched SMCs contributes to plaque growth. In this circumstance, inevitably, targeting these processes is considered to be effective for treating atherosclerosis. Arriving, retention and working of payload candidates mediated by targets in lesion direct ultimate therapeutic outcomes. Accumulating a series of scientific studies and clinical practice in the past decades, lesion homing delivery strategies including stent/balloon/nanoparticle-based transportation worked as the potent promotor to ensure a therapeutic effect. The objective of this review is to achieve a very brief summary about the effective therapeutic methods cooperating specifical targets and positioning-delivery strategies in atherosclerosis for better outcomes.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-03-24T01:19:04Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221088509
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Establishment of the SIS scaffold-based 3D model of human peritoneum for
           studying the dissemination of ovarian cancer

    • Authors: Saskia-Laureen Herbert, Andrea Fick, Motaharehsadat Heydarian, Marco Metzger, Achim Wöckel, Thomas Rudel, Vera Kozjak-Pavlovic, Christine Wulff
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Ovarian cancer is the second most common gynecological malignancy in women. More than 70% of the cases are diagnosed at the advanced stage, presenting as primary peritoneal metastasis, which results in a poor 5-year survival rate of around 40%. Mechanisms of peritoneal metastasis, including adhesion, migration, and invasion, are still not completely understood and therapeutic options are extremely limited. Therefore, there is a strong requirement for a 3D model mimicking the in vivo situation. In this study, we describe the establishment of a 3D tissue model of the human peritoneum based on decellularized porcine small intestinal submucosa (SIS) scaffold. The SIS scaffold was populated with human dermal fibroblasts, with LP-9 cells on the apical side representing the peritoneal mesothelium, while HUVEC cells on the basal side of the scaffold served to mimic the endothelial cell layer. Functional analyses of the transepithelial electrical resistance (TEER) and the FITC-dextran assay indicated the high barrier integrity of our model. The histological, immunohistochemical, and ultrastructural analyses showed the main characteristics of the site of adhesion. Initial experiments using the SKOV-3 cell line as representative for ovarian carcinoma demonstrated the usefulness of our models for studying tumor cell adhesion, as well as the effect of tumor cells on endothelial cell-to-cell contacts. Taken together, our data show that the novel peritoneal 3D tissue model is a promising tool for studying the peritoneal dissemination of ovarian cancer.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-03-23T11:26:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221088514
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Restoration of olfactory dysfunctions by nanomaterials and stem
           cells-based therapies: Current status and future perspectives

    • Authors: Shin Hyuk Yoo, Hae-Won Kim, Jun Hee Lee
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Dysfunction in the olfactory system of a person can have adverse effects on their health and quality of life. It can even increase mortality among individuals. Olfactory dysfunction is related to many factors, including post-viral upper respiratory infection, head trauma, and neurodegenerative disorders. Although some clinical therapies such as steroids and olfactory training are already available, their effectiveness is limited and controversial. Recent research in the field of therapeutic nanoparticles and stem cells has shown the regeneration of dysfunctional olfactory systems. Thus, we are motivated to highlight these regenerative approaches. For this, we first introduce the anatomical characteristics of the olfactory pathway, then detail various pathological factors related to olfactory dysfunctions and current treatments, and then finally discuss the recent regenerative endeavors, with particular focus on nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems and stem cells. This review offers insights into the development of future therapeutic approaches to restore and regenerate dysfunctional olfactory systems.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-03-23T11:16:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221083414
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Self-assembling peptide gels promote angiogenesis and functional recovery
           after spinal cord injury in rats

    • Authors: Jin Young Hong, Su Hee Kim, Yoojin Seo, Jooik Jeon, Ganchimeg Davaa, Jung Keun Hyun, Soo Hyun Kim
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to disruption of the blood–spinal cord barrier, hemorrhage, and tissue edema, which impair blood circulation and induce ischemia. Angiogenesis after SCI is an important step in the repair of damaged tissues, and the extent of angiogenesis strongly correlates with the neural regeneration. Various biomaterials have been developed to promote angiogenesis signaling pathways, and angiogenic self-assembling peptides are useful for producing diverse supramolecular structures with tunable functionality. RADA16 (Ac-RARADADARARADADA-NH2), which forms nanofiber networks under physiological conditions, is a self-assembling peptide that can provide mechanical support for tissue regeneration and reportedly has diverse roles in wound healing. In this study, we applied an injectable form of RADA16 with or without the neuropeptide substance P to the contused spinal cords of rats and examined angiogenesis within the damaged spinal cord and subsequent functional improvement. Histological and immunohistochemical analyses revealed that the inflammatory cell population in the lesion cavity was decreased, the vessel number and density around the damaged spinal cord were increased, and the levels of neurofilaments within the lesion cavity were increased in SCI rats that received RADA16 and RADA16 with substance P (rats in the RADA16/SP group). Moreover, real-time PCR analysis of damaged spinal cord tissues showed that IL-10 expression was increased and that locomotor function (as assessed by the Basso, Beattie, and Bresnahan (BBB) scale and the horizontal ladder test) was significantly improved in the RADA16/SP group compared to the control group. Our findings indicate that RADA16 modified with substance P effectively stimulates angiogenesis within the damaged spinal cord and is a candidate agent for promoting functional recovery post-SCI.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-03-22T10:22:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221086491
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • In vitro maturation and in vivo stability of bioprinted human nasal
           cartilage

    • Authors: Xiaoyi Lan, Yan Liang, Margaret Vyhlidal, Esra JN Erkut, Melanie Kunze, Aillette Mulet-Sierra, Martin Osswald, Khalid Ansari, Hadi Seikaly, Yaman Boluk, Adetola B Adesida
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      The removal of skin cancer lesions on the nose often results in the loss of nasal cartilage. The cartilage loss is either surgically replaced with autologous cartilage or synthetic grafts. However, these replacement options come with donor-site morbidity and resorption issues. 3-dimensional (3D) bioprinting technology offers the opportunity to engineer anatomical-shaped autologous nasal cartilage grafts. The 3D bioprinted cartilage grafts need to embody a mechanically competent extracellular matrix (ECM) to allow for surgical suturing and resistance to contraction during scar tissue formation. We investigated the effect of culture period on ECM formation and mechanical properties of 3D bioprinted constructs of human nasal chondrocytes (hNC)-laden type I collagen hydrogel in vitro and in vivo. Tissue-engineered nasal cartilage constructs developed from hNC culture in clinically approved collagen type I and type III semi-permeable membrane scaffold served as control. The resulting 3D bioprinted engineered nasal cartilage constructs were comparable or better than the controls both in vitro and in vivo. This study demonstrates that 3D bioprinted constructs of engineered nasal cartilage are feasible options in nasal cartilage reconstructive surgeries.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-03-17T12:59:06Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221086368
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Extracellular vesicles delivering nuclear factor I/C for hard tissue
           engineering: Treatment of apical periodontitis and dentin regeneration

    • Authors: Shengyan Yang, Qing Liu, Shijing Chen, Fuping Zhang, Yaoyin Li, Wenguo Fan, Lijia Mai, Hongwen He, Fang Huang
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Apical periodontitis (AP) causes arrest of tooth root development, which is associated with impaired odontoblastic differentiation of stem cells from apical papilla (SCAPs), but the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here, we investigated roles of extracellular vesicle (EV) in AP and odontoblastic differentiation of SCAPs, moreover, a novel nuclear factor I/C (NFIC)-encapsulated EV was developed to promote dentin regeneration. We detected a higher expression of EV marker CD63 in inflamed apical papilla, and found that EVs from LPS-stimulated dental pulp cells suppressed odontoblastic differentiation of SCAPs through downregulating NFIC. Furthermore, we successfully constructed the NFIC-encapsulated EV by overexpressing NFIC in HEK293FT cells, which could upregulate cellular NFIC level in SCAPs, promoting the proliferation and migration of SCAPs, as well as dentinogenesis both in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, based on pathological roles of EV in AP, our study provides a novel strategy for dentin regeneration by exploiting EV to deliver NFIC.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-03-16T11:15:18Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221084095
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Strategy for improving cell-mediated vascularized soft tissue formation in
           a hydrogen peroxide-triggered chemically-crosslinked hydrogel

    • Authors: Shih-Yen Wei, Tzu-Hsuan Chen, Feng-Sheng Kao, Yi-Jung Hsu, Ying-Chieh Chen
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      The physically-crosslinked collagen hydrogels can provide suitable microenvironments for cell-based functional vascular network formation due to their biodegradability, biocompatibility, and good diffusion properties. However, encapsulation of cells into collagen hydrogels results in extensive contraction and rapid degradation of hydrogels, an effect known from their utilization as a pre-vascularized graft in vivo. Various types of chemically-crosslinked collagen-based hydrogels have been successfully synthesized to decrease volume contraction, retard the degradation rate, and increase mechanical tunability. However, these hydrogels failed to form vascularized tissues with uniformly distributed microvessels in vivo. Here, the enzymatically chemically-crosslinked collagen-Phenolic hydrogel was used as a model to determine and overcome the difficulties in engineering vascular networks. Results showed that a longer duration of inflammation and excessive levels of hydrogen peroxide limited the capability for blood vessel forming cells-mediated vasculature formation in vivo. Lowering the unreacted amount of crosslinkers reduced the densities of infiltrating host myeloid cells by half on days 2–4 after implantation, but blood vessels remained at low density and were mainly located on the edge of the implanted constructs. Co-implantation of a designed spacer with cell-laden hydrogel maintained the structural integrity of the hydrogel and increased the degree of hypoxia in embedded cells. These effects resulted in a two-fold increase in the density of perfused blood vessels in the hydrogel. Results agreed with computer-based simulations. Collectively, our findings suggest that simultaneous reduction of the crosslinker-induced host immune response and increase in hypoxia in hydrogen peroxide-triggered chemically-crosslinked hydrogels can effectively improve the formation of cell-mediated functional vascular networks.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-03-11T12:04:41Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221084096
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Precision-engineered niche for directed differentiation of MSCs to
           lineage-restricted mineralized tissues

    • Authors: Saeed Ur Rahman, Sasikumar Ponnusamy, Malvika Nagrath, Praveen R Arany
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      The major difference between tissue healing and regeneration is the extent of instructional cues available to precisely direct the biological response. A classic example is reparative or osteodentin that is seen in response to physicochemical injury to the pulp-dentin complex. Dentin regeneration can direct the differentiation of dental stem cells using concerted actions of both soluble (biomolecules, agonists, and antagonists) and insoluble (matrix topology) cues. The major purpose of this study was to examine the synergistic combination of two discrete biomaterial approaches by utilizing nanofiber scaffolds in discrete configurations (aligned or random) with incorporated polymeric microspheres capable of controlled release of growth factors. Further, to ensure appropriate disinfection for clinical use, Radio-Frequency Glow Discharge (RFGD) treatments were utilized, followed by seeding with a mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) line. SEM analysis revealed electrospinning generated controlled architectural features that significantly improved MSC adhesion and proliferation on the aligned nanofiber scaffolds compared to randomly oriented scaffolds. These responses were further enhanced by RFGD pre-treatments. These enhanced cell adhesion and proliferative responses could be attributed to matrix-induced Wnt signaling that was abrogated by pre-treatments with anti-Wnt3a neutralizing antibodies. Next, we incorporated controlled-release microspheres within these electrospun scaffolds with either TGF-β1 or BMP4. We observed that these scaffolds could selectively induce dentinogenic or osteogenic markers (DSPP, Runx2, and BSP) and mineralization. This work demonstrates the utility of a novel, modular combinatorial scaffold system capable of lineage-restricted differentiation into bone or dentin. Future validation of this scaffold system in vivo as a pulp capping agent represents an innovative dentin regenerative approach capable of preserving tooth pulp vitality.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-02-24T07:27:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314211073934
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Preservation of the naïve features of mesenchymal stromal cells in vitro:
           Comparison of cell- and bone-derived decellularized extracellular matrix

    • Authors: Ana Rita Pereira, Drenka Trivanović, Philipp Stahlhut, Maximilian Rudert, Jürgen Groll, Marietta Herrmann
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      The fate and behavior of bone marrow mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (BM-MSC) is bidirectionally influenced by their microenvironment, the stem cell niche, where a magnitude of biochemical and physical cues communicate in an extremely orchestrated way. It is known that simplified 2D in vitro systems for BM-MSC culture do not represent their naïve physiological environment. Here, we developed four different 2D cell-based decellularized matrices (dECM) and a 3D decellularized human trabecular-bone scaffold (dBone) to evaluate BM-MSC behavior. The obtained cell-derived matrices provided a reliable tool for cell shape-based analyses of typical features associated with osteogenic differentiation at high-throughput level. On the other hand, exploratory proteomics analysis identified native bone-specific proteins selectively expressed in dBone but not in dECM models. Together with its architectural complexity, the physico-chemical properties of dBone triggered the upregulation of stemness associated genes and niche-related protein expression, proving in vitro conservation of the naïve features of BM-MSC.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-02-08T05:29:50Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221074453
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Meniscus regeneration by 3D printing technologies: Current advances and
           future perspectives

    • Authors: Elena Stocco, Andrea Porzionato, Enrico De Rose, Silvia Barbon, Raffaele De Caro, Veronica Macchi
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Meniscal tears are a frequent orthopedic injury commonly managed by conservative strategies to avoid osteoarthritis development descending from altered biomechanics. Among cutting-edge approaches in tissue engineering, 3D printing technologies are extremely promising guaranteeing for complex biomimetic architectures mimicking native tissues. Considering the anisotropic characteristics of the menisci, and the ability of printing over structural control, it descends the intriguing potential of such vanguard techniques to meet individual joints’ requirements within personalized medicine. This literature review provides a state-of-the-art on 3D printing for meniscus reconstruction. Experiences in printing materials/technologies, scaffold types, augmentation strategies, cellular conditioning have been compared/discussed; outcomes of pre-clinical studies allowed for further considerations. To date, translation to clinic of 3D printed meniscal devices is still a challenge: meniscus reconstruction is once again clear expression of how the integration of different expertise (e.g., anatomy, engineering, biomaterials science, cell biology, and medicine) is required to successfully address native tissues complexities.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-01-25T10:45:17Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314211065860
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Collagenase treatment appears to improve cartilage tissue integration but
           damage to collagen networks is likely permanent

    • Authors: Md. Shafiullah Shajib, Kathryn Futrega, Travis Jacob Klein, Ross W Crawford, Michael Robert Doran
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      When repairing cartilage defects a major challenge is achieving high-quality integration between the repair tissue and adjacent native cartilage. Matrix-rich cartilage is not easily remodeled, motivating several studies to trial enzyme treatment of the tissue interface to facilitate remodeling and integration. Studying and optimizing such processes is tedious, as well as potentially expensive, and thus simpler models are needed to evaluate the merits of enzyme treatment on cartilage tissue integration. Herein, we used engineered cartilage microtissues formed from bone marrow-derived stromal cells (BMSC) or expanded articular chondrocytes (ACh) to study the impact of enzyme treatment on cartilage tissue integration and matrix remodeling. A 5-min treatment with collagenase appeared to improve cartilage microtissue integration, while up to 48 h treatment with hyaluronidase did not. Alcian blue and anti-collagen II staining suggested that collagenase treatment did facilitate near seamless integration of cartilage microtissues. Microtissue sections were stained with Picrosirius red and characterized using polarized light microscopy, revealing that individual microtissues contained a collagen network organized in concentric shells. While collagenase treatment appeared to improve tissue integration, assessment of the collagen fibers with polarized light indicated that enzymatically damaged networks were not remodeled nor restored during subsequent culture. This model and these data paradoxically suggest that collagen network disruption is required to improve cartilage tissue integration, but that the disrupted collagen networks are unlikely to subsequently be restored. Future studies should attempt to limit collagen network disruption to the surface of the cartilage, and we recommend using Picrosirius red staining and polarized light to assess the quality of matrix remodeling and integration.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-01-24T06:18:49Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221074207
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Generation of a tendon-like tissue from human iPS cells

    • Authors: Hiroki Tsutsumi, Ryota Kurimoto, Ryo Nakamichi, Tomoki Chiba, Takahide Matsushima, Yuta Fujii, Risa Sanada, Tomomi Kato, Kana Shishido, Yuriko Sakamaki, Tsuyoshi Kimura, Akio Kishida, Hiroshi Asahara
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Tendons and ligaments are essential connective tissues that connect the muscle and bone. Their recovery from injuries is known to be poor, highlighting the crucial need for an effective therapy. A few reports have described the development of artificial ligaments with sufficient strength from human cells. In this study, we successfully generated a tendon-like tissue (bio-tendon) using human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). We first differentiated human iPSCs into mesenchymal stem cells (iPSC-MSCs) and transfected them with Mohawk (Mkx) to obtain Mkx-iPSC-MSCs, which were applied to a newly designed chamber with a mechanical stretch incubation system. The embedded Mkx-iPSC-MSCs created bio-tendons and exhibited an aligned extracellular matrix structure. Transplantation of the bio-tendons into a mouse Achilles tendon rupture model showed host-derived cell infiltration with improved histological score and biomechanical properties. Taken together, the bio-tendon generated in this study has potential clinical applications for tendon/ligament-related injuries and diseases.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-01-21T12:14:39Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314221074018
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Bio-electrospraying assessment toward in situ chondrocyte-laden
           electrospun scaffold fabrication

    • Authors: Ângela Semitela, Gonçalo Ramalho, Ana Capitão, Cátia Sousa, Alexandrina F Mendes, Paula AAP Marques, António Completo
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Electrospinning has been widely used to fabricate fibrous scaffolds for cartilage tissue engineering, but their small pores severely restrict cell infiltration, resulting in an uneven distribution of cells across the scaffold, particularly in three-dimensional designs. If bio-electrospraying is applied, direct chondrocyte incorporation into the fibers during electrospinning may be a solution. However, before this approach can be effectively employed, it is critical to identify whether chondrocytes are adversely affected. Several electrospraying operating settings were tested to determine their effect on the survival and function of an immortalized human chondrocyte cell line. These chondrocytes survived through an electric field formed by low needle-to-collector distances and low voltage. No differences in chondrocyte viability, morphology, gene expression, or proliferation were found. Preliminary data of the combination of electrospraying and polymer electrospinning disclosed that chondrocyte integration was feasible using an alternated approach. The overall increase in chondrocyte viability over time indicated that the embedded cells retained their proliferative capacity. Besides the cell line, primary chondrocytes were also electrosprayed under the previously optimized operational conditions, revealing the higher sensitivity degree of these cells. Still, their post-electrosprayed viability remained considerably high. The data reported here further suggest that bio-electrospraying under the optimal operational conditions might be a promising alternative to the existent cell seeding techniques, promoting not only cells safe delivery to the scaffold, but also the development of cellularized cartilage tissue constructs.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-01-08T11:32:22Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314211069342
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
  • Large full-thickness wounded skin regeneration using 3D-printed elastic
           scaffold with minimal functional unit of skin

    • Authors: Peng Chang, Shijie Li, Qian Sun, Kai Guo, Heran Wang, Song Li, Liming Zhang, Yongbao Xie, Xiongfei Zheng, Yunhui Liu
      Abstract: Journal of Tissue Engineering, Volume 13, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Traditional tissue engineering skin are composed of living cells and natural or synthetic scaffold. Besize the time delay and the risk of contamination involved with cell culture, the lack of autologous cell source and the persistence of allogeneic cells in heterologous grafts have limited its application. This study shows a novel tissue engineering functional skin by carrying minimal functional unit of skin (MFUS) in 3D-printed polylactide-co-caprolactone (PLCL) scaffold and collagen gel (PLCL + Col + MFUS). MFUS is full-layer micro skin harvested from rat autologous tail skin. 3D-printed PLCL elastic scaffold has the similar mechanical properties with rat skin which provides a suitable environment for MFUS growing and enhances the skin wound healing. Four large full-thickness skin defects with 30 mm diameter of each wound are created in rat dorsal skin, and treated either with tissue engineering functional skin (PLCL + Col + MFUS), or with 3D-printed PLCL scaffold and collagen gel (PLCL + Col), or with micro skin islands only (Micro skin), or without treatment (Normal healing). The wound treated with PLCL + Col + MFUS heales much faster than the other three groups as evidenced by the fibroblasts migration from fascia to the gap between the MFUS dermis layer, and functional skin with hair follicles and sebaceous gland has been regenerated. The PLCL + Col treated wound heals faster than normal healing wound, but no skin appendages formed in PLCL + Col-treated wound. The wound treated with micro skin islands heals slower than the wounds treated either with tissue engineering skin (PLCL + Col + MFUS) or with PLCL + Col gel. Our results provide a new strategy to use autologous MFUS instead “seed cells” as the bio-resource of engineering skin for large full-thickness skin wound healing.
      Citation: Journal of Tissue Engineering
      PubDate: 2022-01-06T08:48:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/20417314211063022
      Issue No: Vol. 13 (2022)
       
 
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