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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
Showing 1 - 64 of 64 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Portuguesa de Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Eating Disorders : Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access  
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Appetite     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Arab Journal of Nutrition and Exercise     Open Access  
Archive of Food and Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bangladesh Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
British Journal Of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access  
Childhood Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89)
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Nutrition Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Nutrition Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Nutrition Open Science     Open Access  
Clinical Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Nutrition Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
DEMETRA : Alimentação, Nutrição & Saúde     Open Access  
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Ecology of Food and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ernährung & Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
European Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Food and Environmental Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Foodways: Explorations in the History and Culture of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Food and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Food, Culture and Society: An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Frontiers in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Functional Foods in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Genes & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Human Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Eating Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Transplant and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90)
International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
Journal of Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Dietary Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food & Nutritional Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medicinal Herbs and Ethnomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of Muscle Foods     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Nutritional Ecology and Food Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 60)
Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia : Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia / The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition     Open Access  
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan     Open Access  
La Ciencia al Servicio de la Salud y Nutrición     Open Access  
Lifestyle Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lifestyle Journal     Open Access  
Maternal & Child Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Médecine & Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription  
Media Gizi Indonesia     Open Access  
Metabolism and Nutrition in Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
NFS Journal     Open Access  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
npj Science of Food     Open Access  
Nutrición Hospitalaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrients     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Nutrire     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Nutrition & Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Nutrition - Science en évolution     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition and Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nutrition and Metabolic Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Nutrition Bytes     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Nutrition Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Nutrition Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutritional Neuroscience : An International Journal on Nutrition, Diet and Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Obesity Facts     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Obesity Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Oil Crop Science     Open Access  
Open Food Science Journal     Open Access  
Open Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Obesity Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pediatric Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
PharmaNutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Plant Production Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Public Health Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBONE - Revista Brasileira de Obesidade, Nutrição e Emagrecimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chilena de Nutricion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Salud Pública y Nutrición     Open Access  
Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional     Open Access  
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
The Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Topics in Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
UNICIÊNCIAS     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Food and Nutrition Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

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Nutrire
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2316-7874
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Effects of A1 and A2 variants of β-casein on human health—is
           β-casomorphin-7 really a harmful peptide in cow milk'

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      Abstract: Abstract This article aims to review the effects of cow milk containing A1 or A2 or mixed variants of β-casein on human health. The information based on the health effects of cow milk was collected from the most authentic scientific database including Scopus, PubMed, and Google Scholar by searching specific keywords like “cow milk”, “A1A2 beta-casein”, “beta-casomorphins”, “A2 cow milk”, and “A2 milk”. The search hits a total of 197 articles including patents in which about 70 most relevant articles were critically reviewed. The literature revealed that the most abundant category of cow milk found worldwide is mixed A1/A2 in which both A1 and A2 variants of β-casein are found in equal ratio. Among the major three categories, A2 cow milk received much attention both from the scientific community and the wider public due to its possible health benefits over A1 milk mainly in diabetes and heart-related problems. On the other hand, milk containing the A1 variant of β-casein is supposed to be harmful due to the formation of β-casomorphin-7 (BCM-7) peptide, although the scientific community is not unanimous for this claim. The claim for the harmful effects of the A1 variant should be further validated with more scientific studies.
      PubDate: 2022-05-02
       
  • Leucine‑enriched essential amino acids promote muscle protein synthesis
           and ameliorate exercise-induced exhaustion in prolonged endurance exercise
           in rats

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      Abstract: Background Long-term endurance exercise results in muscle damage as well as muscle protein synthesis (MPS). Recovery from endurance exercise leads to enhancement of physical performance and amelioration of a series of exhaustion-related syndromes. The use of essential amino acids has become a common practice to provide stimulation of MPS and post-exercise recovery. The aim of this study was to investigate MPS and exhaustion amelioration effects of leucine-enriched essential amino acids (LEAA) in specific ratio. Methods Our proposal was verified by long-term loaded-swimming exercise model in rats. Male Wistar rats were administered LEAA or whey protein solution 30 min after loaded-swimming exercise for 7 weeks. After experimental period, all rats performed the loaded-swimming test until exhaustion. Results Our results showed that the muscle content of the LEAA group significantly increased muscle content (0.016 ± 0.0013) compared with the Rested control (0.013 ± 0.0004) and Exercise groups (0.015 ± 0.0012), respectively. The plasma levels of BCAA (leucine, isoleucine, and valine; pmol/L) (415.3 ± 25.88, 254.7 ± 12.96, 367.1 ± 33.46) were significantly higher in LEAA group compared with the whey protein interventions with exercise (312.2 ± 21.67, 199.8 ± 8.37, 281.4 ± 12.66). LEAA ingestion significantly activated mTOR/p70S6K1 signaling pathway to stimulate MPS. Furthermore, the ingestion of LEAA enhanced the time to exhaustion (108.6 ± 5.75), increased the GSH content, and decreased the levels of blood lactic acid (BLA) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in recovery phase. Conclusions These results collectively suggest that LEAA ingestion with long-term endurance exercise can improve MPS and ameliorate exhaustion in rats after long-term exercise. And those effects were better than WP ingestion. Our study may provide valuable information for further studies.
      PubDate: 2022-04-08
       
  • Potential nutritional benefits of Ficus exasperata Vahl leaf extract

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      Abstract: Purpose Ficus exasperata Vahl is a medicinal plant that has found wide usage in traditional medicine. Methods This study uses GC-MS (gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry), in vitro, acute toxicity and in silico analysis to evaluate the phytochemical constituents, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, membrane stabilization, safety, absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion as well as molecular docking lipoxygenase inhibitory potential of Ficus exasperata leaves to validate the health-promoting and inflammation-associated disease-preventing potentials of this plant. Results Total phenolic and flavonoid contents were 47.96 ± 3.05 and 45.17 ± 1.67 μg gallic acid/quercetin equivalents per milligram of extract. The extract concentration sufficient to obtain 50% maximum membrane stabilizing capacity (IC50) was 0.16 mg/ml when compared to 0.20 mg/ml of indomethacin, while that of total antioxidant capacity and anti-lipoxygenase activity were 23.24 mM (Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity) TEAC/mg and 12.09 μg/ml, respectively. GC-MS analysis revealed the presence of 51 phytochemicals out of which squalene (12.28% total quantities) and other dietary fatty acids called conjugated linoleic acids (CLA) demonstrated better inhibition of lipoxygenase catalytic-binding domain. The LD50 (lethal dose) was greater than 6000 mg.kg−1 body weight and in silico study further predict the safety and bioactive potential of the plant phytochemicals. Conclusion F. exasperata leaf extract was adjudged to be relatively safe and could therefore serve as a potential nutritional source in promoting human health. Graphical abstract
      PubDate: 2022-03-24
       
  • Whey protein sweetened with Stevia rebaudiana increases insulin-degrading
           enzyme, but not carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1
           expression in the liver from resistance-trained rats

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      Abstract: Purpose In this study, we investigated the effects of the supplementation with whey protein sweetened with Stevia upon insulin clearance markers in the liver and skeletal muscle of resistance-trained rats. Methods Male Wistar rats were assigned to four groups: sedentary (SC), trained (TC), trained receiving whey protein (TW), and trained receiving whey protein sweetened with Stevia (TWS). Resistance training consisted of four climbs on a leader, carrying a load of 50, 75, 90, and 100% of the maximum load capacity, 5 days per week. After an 8-week training, an insulin tolerance test (ITT) was performed to evaluate insulin sensitivity. Also, liver and skeletal muscle samples were collected to determine the content of specific proteins (Western blot). Results Insulin sensitivity increased in TC rats, but this effect was attenuated in TW and TWS groups. The expression of the major enzyme responsible for insulin degradation, insulin-degrading enzyme (IDE), increased in the liver, but not in the skeletal muscle from TWS compared to TC rats. However, the expression of carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule 1 (CEACAM1), a critical mediator for hepatic insulin clearance, was not altered, suggesting that this process was not modulated in the TWS rats. Conclusion Our results suggested that the supplementation with whey protein sweetened with Stevia does not change insulin clearance in resistance-trained rats. Also, our results show that it is important to be aware of a possible deleterious effect on insulin sensitivity induced by this supplementation, since the increased insulin sensitivity, induced by resistance training, was attenuated in TWS rats.
      PubDate: 2022-03-15
       
  • Evaluation of nutritional status of the individuals with age-related
           macular degeneration (AMD)

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      Abstract: Purpose This study aimed to examine the anthropometric measurements and nutritional status of individuals with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) that may affect the disease. Methods Between December 2017 and February 2018, 64 individuals with advanced AMD diagnosed and 69 individuals in the control group from Ulucanlar Eye Training and Research Hospital in Ankara were included in the study. Food intake was estimated using a 24-h recall and food frequency questionnaire. Results Compared to the control group, individuals with AMD were found to have higher fat and saturated fat, lower dietary fiber, omega-3, vitamin C, vitamin B6, and folic acid intake (p≤0.05) (data from 24-h recall). Additionally, in the AMD group dietary, carbohydrate intake was higher, and EPA, DHA, vitamin B12, zinc intakes were lower than those of the control group; and these differences are significant (p≤0.05) (data from FFQ). Saturated fat (%) intakes were higher in both groups in terms of the percentage of meeting the AHA recommendations (≥%133). Regarding the percentages of meeting the DRI recommendations, it was observed that dietary fiber and folic acid intakes were insufficient in the AMD group (<67%) but were sufficient in the control group (p≤0.05). A higher waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) was found in individuals with AMD compared to the control group (p≤0.05). Conclusions Adequate-balanced diet and maintaining ideal body weight are important in the prevention of AMD.
      PubDate: 2022-03-07
       
  • Association between dietary diversity and nutritional status of the
           children aged 6–23 months in Bangladesh: evidence from the Multiple
           Indicator Cluster Survey 2019

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      Abstract: Purpose To investigate the association between dietary diversity and the nutritional status of Bangladeshi children aged 6–23 months. Methods Publicly available secondary Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS) 2019 data were analyzed in this study. Nutritional status was defined using WHO’s guideline for height-for-age z-scores (HAZ), weight-for-height z-scores (WHZ), and weight-for-age z-scores (WAZ). For dietary diversity, we considered seven major food groups according to the WHO-IYCF guidelines. Minimum dietary diversity was considered if a child consumed foods from at least four food groups in the previous 24 h. Results The mean (±SD) dietary diversity score (DDS) was found 2.6 ± 1.4 and minimum dietary diversity (MDD) prevalence was 28.7% among the children aged 6–23 months. We found higher the mothers’ education, the higher the MDD prevalence; however, gender variation did not play a significant role. North-eastern district Sunamganj of Bangladesh had the lowest (9%) MDD prevalence. Children who did not consume foods from at least four food groups had 24% significantly higher possibility to be underweight [COR = 1.24, 95% CI: 1.05–1.45] which was found in the unadjusted model; however, this association was not significant after adjusting with age, sex, habitat, wealth index, division, and maternal educational status of the children [AOR = 1.15, 95% CI: 0.97–1.36]. Children who belong to the richest wealth strata and whose mothers had higher secondary or higher educational status had 2.5- and 1.9-times higher likelihood to achieve MDD, respectively. Conclusion Although we did not find any significant association between dietary diversity and nutritional status in our analysis, we found that a very low proportion of children have their minimum dietary diversity. Nationwide infant and young child feeding education intervention program may scale up the dietary diversity.
      PubDate: 2022-02-28
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-022-00155-x
       
  • Characterization of the intestinal microbiome in eutrophic, obese
           omnivores, and vegetarians

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      Abstract: Purpose To characterize the intestinal microbiome (IM) of omnivores (obese or eutrophic) and vegetarians and correlate them with their nutritional profile in a Brazilian adult male sample. Method Cross-sectional study involving 21 adult males: eutrophic omnivores (EuOn), obese omnivores (ObOn), and eutrophic vegetarians (EuVeg). Demographic, anthropometric, and dietary data were assessed. The characterization of IM was carried out using stool samples (fecal microbiome) and subsequent metagenomic analysis (16S amplicon). Results EuVeg had a higher fiber intake and more daily meals than the other groups, however, caloric, protein, and carbohydrate intake was higher among obese individuals. ObOn showed the lowest ecologic richness index; in addition to a greater Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio. Two profiles of intestinal microbioma were identified that allowed the characterization of the groups. EuOn were mainly represented by the Christensenellaceae family and the Faecalibacterium prausnitzii species. EuVeg were represented by the Coriobacteriaceae family, and the Prevotella copri species. ObOn were represented by the Enterobacteriaceae family and by the Blautia producta species. Conclusion Omnivorous (obese and eutrophic) and vegetarian men presented different patterns of IM according to the ecologic diversity and the ratio of Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes phyla. The patterns of IM were correlated with the nutrient composition of the diet, substantiating dietetic interventions for the modulation of IM.
      PubDate: 2022-01-31
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00153-5
       
  • Relating aspects of adolescents’ critical nutrition literacy at the
           personal level

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      Abstract: Efforts targeting adolescents’ dietary behaviour have often focused on improving their access to nutrition information; however, adolescents report finding nutrition information difficult to understand. Exploring adolescents’ critical nutrition literacy might provide insight into how best to improve their use of available nutrition information. Purpose The purpose of this article is to explore how the two aspects of the critical nutrition literacy - critical evaluation of nutrition information’ and ‘engagement in dietary behaviour’ are linked at personal level. Additionally, the study sought to establish the association between critical nutrition literacy and self-efficacy in nutrition related subjects. Methods Applying a cross-sectional study design, the study sampled 1622 adolescents aged 15-16years, enrolled in 58 secondary schools in Norway. The adolescents responded to scales measuring self-efficacy and CNL. Using Lisrel 9.30, the study evaluated a structural equation model linking CNL and SEBH. Results The study yielded a simple yet theoretically sound model depicting the link between CNL and self-efficacy. Conclusion Efforts promoting adolescents’ nutrition literacy might benefit from increasing their self-efficacy in nutrition-related subjects.
      PubDate: 2021-12-23
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00149-1
       
  • Nutritional therapy and wound healing in pressure injury situations: an
           integrative review

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      Abstract: Purpose Pressure injuries represent a serious problem for health systems and are directly associated with increased morbimortality, longer lengths of hospital stay, and higher treatment costs. Factors like malnutrition, highly prevalent in the hospital environment, severely contribute to the genesis of these injuries. The adequate supply of nutrients may favor the healing capacity. The present study aims to compare different profiles of nutritional therapy and their effects on wound healing in situations of pressure injury. Methods An integrative review in which the search for bibliographic data was carried out from December 2019 to May 2020. Results Fourteen articles were included. The most frequently observed nutritional therapy approach was the hyperprotein enriched with arginine, zinc, and vitamin C. Eleven studies observed positive effects from therapy and three did not show statistically significant advantages from it. The patients were mostly elderly or malnourished. Conclusion Some nutrients have been used extensively in the treatment of pressure injuries and are often positively associated with the healing process, highlighting the hyperproteic nutritional therapy enriched with arginine, zinc, and vitamin C, although there is no consensus on the topic.
      PubDate: 2021-12-08
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00147-3
       
  • Time to reconsider feeding difficulties in healthy children: a narrative
           synthesis of definitions and associated factors

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      Abstract: Objective Despite the lack of a “gold-standard” definition and identification of influential factors for identifying feeding difficulties in children, many international studies have been published in recent years on the subject. Thus, the aim was to examine studies on children with feeding difficulties and their associated factors that impact on their difficulties. Methods Feeding difficulties were identified as limit the variety of food intake, and/or avoiding food due to sensory stimulus, i.e., food appearance, aroma, and flavor. A literature search in three databases was performed up to April 2021. English language articles were included if they investigated preschool and school age children using an observational or experimental design evaluating feeding difficulties and their factors. Results Findings indicate that almost 60% of the studies evaluated picky/fussy eaters, followed by 20% evaluating food neophobia. Parental influence, mainly mothers, were seemed to be the most reported influence. Studies have shown a lower consumption of fruit and vegetables and higher intake of discretionary foods among picky and food neophobic children. Most of the studies showed that children were on normal weight to overweight status. Few studies identified socio-demographics (i.e., age, sex, race/ethnicity, and birth age), emotional distress and other lifestyle behaviors (screen-time use during meals). Studies were mixed in terms of positive effects on breastfeeding and introduction to foods. Conclusion Improved feeding difficulties in this population group are dependent from these factors, whereas they should be used to inform policies, strategies, and use in clinical practices.
      PubDate: 2021-12-06
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00151-7
       
  • Recent consensus on definition and diagnosis for sarcopenia (EWGSOP2):
           agreement with the first consensus (EWGSOP1) and with tools for screening
           sarcopenia in older women

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      Abstract: Purpose The European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) recently updated the definitions of sarcopenia. However, it is not well known the impact on sarcopenia prevalence in older adults using this new consensus. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the agreement between sarcopenia diagnosis using the first (EWGSOP1) and the recent (EWGSOP2) consensus in older women. We also aimed to assess the agreement between sarcopenia according to EWGSOP2 and tools for screening sarcopenia, such as SARC-F and SARC-CalF. Methods A cross-sectional study was performed. Total and appendicular skeletal muscle mass were estimated by bioelectrical impedance. The muscle strength was measured by handgrip strength, and the physical performance by the 4.6-m walk speed (WS) test. The screening for sarcopenia was carried out through the questionnaire that measures strength, assistance walking, rise from a chair, climb stairs, and falls (SARC-F); and SARC-F combined with calf circumference (SARC-CalF) questionnaire. Results The sample consisted of 119 non-institutionalized older women (69.5 ± 6.3 years; BMI = 27.4 ± 4.2 kg/m2). There was a poor agreement (κ =  − 0.033) between pre sarcopenia (EWGSOP1) and probable sarcopenia (EWGSOP2). A slight agreement (κ = 0.143) between sarcopenia prevalence according to EWGSOP1 and EWGSOP2 was observed. Regarding the agreements of sarcopenia (EWGSOP2) with SARC-CalF and SARC-F, it was observed that probable sarcopenia had a poor agreement with SARC-CalF (κ =  − 0.030) and SARC-F (κ =  − 0.026). There was a fair agreement between sarcopenia and SARC-CalF (κ = 0.216) and SARC-F (κ = 0.234). Conclusion We conclude that EWGSOP2 has a low agreement with EWGSOP1 in older women. In addition, SARC-F and SARC-CalF have a low agreement with sarcopenia diagnosis according to EWGSOP2.
      PubDate: 2021-12-03
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00152-6
       
  • Efficacy of prebiotics in promoting a healthy gut microbiota in adults and
           elderly persons in the community

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      Abstract: Objective It is known that prebiotics can promote favorable effects on gut microbial composition. Thus, considering the growing interest of the scientific community in therapeutic approaches capable of restoring intestinal microbiota homeostasis, and consequently reducing the risk of intestinal and systemic pathologies related to its imbalance, the present review aims to provide an updated measure of evidence on the efficacy of prebiotics in terms of modulation of the intestinal microbiota in adults and the elderly individuals. Methods It is an integrative review of the literature performed in the databases PubMed, Medline, and Cochrane Library. Randomized controlled trials, placebo-controlled trials, written in English, were included, and the full text was available. Such trials were published between July 2015 and July 2020 and performed on humans over the age of 18. Bacterial fecal analyses were performed to evaluate changes in intestinal microbiota resulting from prebiotic or placebo intervention. The main outcomes of interest were intestinal microbiota modulation, even when reported as a secondary result. Results The studies evaluated demonstrated positive effects on metabolic endotoxemia, diarrhea and constipation symptoms, and bifidogenic effects on the gut microbiome, after the prebiotic intervention. Conclusion It was found that the consumption of prebiotics is effective in promoting statistically significant changes in the composition of the gut microbiota, especially as regards the selective stimulation of bifidobacterial, which have been considered a marker of intestinal health. Although the results of the included studies are encouraging, there are still gaps on the subject in the literature.
      PubDate: 2021-11-29
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00150-8
       
  • Socioeconomic factors related to food consumption and the condition of
           food and nutrition insecurity in preschoolers

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      Abstract: Objectives Assess the nutritional status of children attending Municipal Centers for Early Childhood Education (CMEIs, in Portuguese) in Lavras-MG, using anthropometric data, food consumption, and food and nutrition insecurity, identifying the main factors that may be associated with the investigated outcomes. Methodology This is a cross-sectional study, conducted with 581 children aged 0 to 5 years and 11 months, in which anthropometric conditions, food consumption, and food and nutrition insecurity were investigated. Logistic regression models were used to study the association among several variables and the outcomes (food consumption and food insecurity). Variables were selected through lasso and the model effects were interpreted in terms of odds ratio. Results According to the anthropometric profile, it was observed that 23.6% of the children were of low stature, 8.3% of high weight, 22.7% were overweight, and 8.8% were obese, according to the H/A, W/H, and BMI/A indicators, respectively. The mean value of the School Feeding Index (ALES) was found to be 6.2 (SD = 4.5). It can be observed that 32.0% of children consume low quality food, 15.8% medium quality, and 52.2% good quality. Food insecurity index was 43.2%; 185 children (35.3%) have mild insecurity; 26 children (5.0%) have moderate insecurity and 15 children (2.9%) have severe insecurity. Through the logistic models, we found that food insecurity and inadequate food consumption are mainly associated with the economic situation of the family. Conclusion A relevant portion of the children in this study suffer from food insecurity and inadequate food consumption, and these are related to the family’s socioeconomic level, demonstrating the need for educational and preventive interventions.
      PubDate: 2021-11-24
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00146-4
       
  • Dietary food intake, nutritional condition, and micronutrient deficiency
           in low birth weight infants

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      Abstract: Objective To describe the feeding practices in low birth weight infants and evaluate the relationship with anthropometric indicators, dietary intake, and iron and zinc deficiency. Methods Cross-sectional study with 54 infants (9–12 months). Data: neonatal and dietary history; birth and anthropometry measures; and dietary intake, serum and erythrocyte zinc levels, and hemoglobin. Results The mean of gestational age was 35.9 ± 1.7 weeks, birth weight 2222 ± 231 g, 42.6% were small for gestational age (SGA), and 66.7% born premature. At the time of evaluation, 7.4% of infants had short stature, and 14.8% were overweight. Infant formula and whole cow’s milk were consumed by 96.2% and 57.7%, respectively. Only 3.7% infants were exclusively breastfed and 87.6% consumed ultra-processed foods. Energy and protein above the recommendation in 98.1% and 100%, respectively. Anemia in 15.4% and erythrocyte zinc deficiency in 4.2%. The energy supply provided by the milk in bottle feeding was directly correlated (r = 0.276; p = 0.044) with the body mass index z score. Homemade foods consumption (r =  − 0.302; p = 0.027) and total breastfeeding time (rho =  − 0.282; p = 0.045) are inversely correlated with body mass index z score. Conclusions Dietary practices in low-birth-weight infants do not agree with the healthy food practices recommendations and were associated with being overweight before the first year of life. However, the frequency of iron and zinc deficiency was low probably due to the consumption of fortified ultra-processed foods.
      PubDate: 2021-10-19
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00145-5
       
  • Snack-related practices, beliefs, and awareness of grandparent childcare
           providers: an exploratory study from three rural counties in North
           Carolina, USA

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      Abstract: Purpose Snacks provide approximately 27% of daily calories in the diets of children from the USA, where childhood obesity shows an upward trend. Concurrently, grandparents have assumed a more active role in childfeeding of grandchildren. This study measured snack-related practices, beliefs, and awareness of grandparents providing informal childcare (daycare, babysitting, etc.) from rural counties in North Carolina, USA. Methods Participants were 74 grandmothers and three grandfathers. Data were collected using a self-administered paper-and-pencil questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistics were calculated (p < 0.05). Results A mean of 2.75 snacks (range 1 to 9) was offered per caregiving occasion. The strongest influences on snack purchases were perceived healthfulness (53.8%) and grandchildren’s preferences (47.4%). Forty percent believed their snack offerings were “mostly healthy” and 72.4% believed these snacks would have a “mostly good” effect on their grandchildren’s long-term health. Snacks were offered “most of the time” when requested (64.1%) and “never” to stop naughty behavior (76.9%). The mean score on a snack awareness test was 93%; the weakest areas concerned the protein and sugar content of snacks. Self-efficacy for offering healthy snacks was lowest when grandchildren were naughty, and the most frequently perceived barrier was that grandchildren disliked the taste of healthy snacks (51.2%). Conclusion Grandparents reported health-promoting and obesogenic child feeding practices and beliefs and showed gaps in awareness about the nutrient characteristics of healthy snacks. Educational activities for grandparents are needed concerning the appropriate use of nutrient-dense snacks as part of a healthy diet.
      PubDate: 2021-10-12
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00144-6
       
  • Effect of lifestyle and paternal feeding on the offspring’s
           metabolic programming

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      Abstract: Purpose This review was aimed at showing the importance of the father lifestyle on offspring phenotype. The focus was to highlight the father’s exposure to detrimental substances like alcohol and cigarettes and practice of physical exercises, as well as the role of some pollutants and diet components and their consequences to the offspring. Methods The search was based on PubMed’s indexing articles. For that, studies focusing on mothers were excluded, while studies using humans or animals (rats and mice) focusing on the father were included. The research keywords were: “paternal,” “exercise,” “alcohol,” “stress,” “diet,” “programming,” “smoking,” “bioactive compounds,” and “xenobiotics.” Results The developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) paradigm postulate that both maternal and paternal environments have an important role on the metabolic response of offspring in adulthood. The paternal preconception lifestyle might be able to promote epigenetic modifications with reverberation on a number of offspring’s metabolism processes. Differences in diet composition may promote increased body weight gain and risk of cancer development, while caloric restriction can decrease the body weight and adipose tissue depots. On the other hand, the practice of physical exercises protects against diet-induced obesity. Nonetheless, the mechanisms involved in paternal and maternal preconception life and their repercussions on next generations are not fully understood. Conclusions Diet composition, practice of physical exercises, and consumption of a variety of drugs may cause sperm modifications on an epigenetic pattern, which results in genomic responses that may lead to increased risk of several diseases; however, further studies are needed.
      PubDate: 2021-10-04
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00143-7
       
  • Update on the influence of fatty acids in epigenetic programming
           mechanisms

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      Abstract: Purpose Parental nutrition can influence the early stages of offspring development, leading to fetal programming. During this critical period, fatty acids play an important role in the regulation of lipid metabolism, essential for the proper development of offspring. Epigenetic mechanisms seem to be involved in the changes in structure and function of several tissues due to poor nutrition, as long as deficient or excessive maternal exposure to saturated fatty acids (SFA), polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), and monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) seem to be able to alter offspring metabolism and influence long-term chronic diseases. This review addresses an update on the influence of SFA, PUFA, and/or MUFA in the epigenetic mechanisms on fetal programming. Methods The literature search was performed in the database PubMed and original papers in the English language were selected, containing the effects of different types of fatty acids in epigenetic programming mechanisms of chronic diseases. The time limit was not set for a broader identification of papers published within the field. Results SFA present in maternal high-fat diets (HFD) has been shown to cause epigenetic alterations in the liver, adipose tissue, heart, and brain, leading to changes in glucose, lipid, and cardiovascular metabolism of the offspring. Maternal consumption of MUFA oleic acid during pregnancy and lactation can be beneficial especially to lipid metabolism, as long as PUFA intake exerts positive outcomes on offspring neurodevelopment and epigenome reshape, preventing chronic diseases. Conclusions The present data showed that maternal intake of different types of SFA, MUFA, and PUFA can influence the offspring programming of epigenetic machinery through histone modifications, DNA methylation, and miRNA regulation. More studies including both male and female offspring are needed in order to compare differences between sexes, as well as epigenetic studies in the offspring from male progenitors exposed to different types of fatty acids.
      PubDate: 2021-08-30
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00142-8
       
  • Evaluation of modulatory effects of taurine in the aortic and myocardial
           tissue of nitroglycerin-induced tolerance Wistar rats

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      Abstract: Purpose Important underlying mechanisms of nitroglycerine tolerance development include oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction, and there is paucity of information on how to reduce the tolerance during long-term administration. Taurine, a sulfonic amino acid, was reported to possess antioxidant, cardio-regulatory, neuro-modulatory, and membrane-stabilizing effect. The present study was designed to investigate the potential ability of taurine to prevent nitroglycerine-induced tolerance. Methods The effect of taurine on nitroglycerin-induced tolerance was investigated in endothelium intact and endothelium-denuded aortic ring preparations. In the in vivo study, male Wistar rats were pre-treated with taurine for ten days and co-treated with nitroglycerin (GTN) 50 mg/kg for 3 days. Then, the aortic ring was harvested and tested in vitro for GTN tolerance. The serum was used to test for oxidative stress parameter (malondialdehyde, reduced glutathione (GSH), catalase (CAT)). Results Taurine (20 mM) co-incubated with GTN significantly augmented vasodilatory response to nitroglycerin (GTN) in endothelial-denuded aortic rings. Pre-treatment with taurine (100 and 200 mg/kg) also ameliorated GTN (50 mg/kg)-induced tolerance in isolated aortic ring in rats. Also, taurine (100 and 200 mg/kg) significantly (p < 0.05) increased serum nitrite, GSH, and CAT levels while reducing malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration. Conclusion Taurine could prevent nitroglycerin-induced tolerance by increasing serum nitric oxide level and decreasing oxidative stress.
      PubDate: 2021-08-13
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00141-9
       
  • Prevalence and determinants of double burden of malnutrition in
           Bangladesh: evidence from a nationwide cross-sectional survey

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      Abstract: Purpose Globally, malnutrition in mother–child pairs is steadily diminishing. However, the coexistence of different forms of double burden of malnutrition (DBM) is rising worldwide, including Bangladesh. This study aimed to explore the coexistence of different forms of DBM and their associated factors in the same household level for Bangladesh. Methods The study utilized the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS) 2014 dataset. Chi-square test of association was conducted to identify the significant factors for various forms of DBM. For the measurement of adjusted odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals, multivariate logistic regression (MLR) analysis was performed. Results In this study, the overall prevalence of DBM was 5.8% as several sociodemographic and economic factors correlate and contribute to this burden. Results of MLR analyses showed that potential factors with increasing DBM were: poor wealth stratum, use of unhygienic toilet, mother's age in years, child delivery procedure, child's birth order, and father’s education. Conclusion The prevalence of DBM is still high in Bangladesh, based on different associated sociodemographic factors. Public health stakeholders in Bangladesh should address these factors and implement appropriate interventions with regard to minimizing the DBM.
      PubDate: 2021-07-29
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00140-w
       
  • Dietary practices of adult Egyptians before and during the COVID-19
           lockdown

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      Abstract: Aim The aim of this study was to describe dietary practices of adult Egyptians, estimate changes in their body mass index (BMI), and identify possible determinants of such changes before and during the COVID-19 lockdown. Subject and methods A cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted during the nationwide COVID-19 partial lockdown. Data were obtained from 430 Egyptian adults regarding their personal and socio-demographic characteristics, routine daily physical activities, dietary patterns, practices related to food purchase and food handling, and weight and BMI before and during the lockdown using an online web-based questionnaire. Results The number of daily meals and daily snacks significantly increased during the lockdown. Moreover, the consumption of all types of snacks increased, except for chocolate and sweets, whose consumption decreased. Eating of fast food decreased, whereas the number of individuals practicing indoor physical activities increased during the lockdown. During the lockdown, no significant changes in the mean BMI were observed. The mean weekly consumption of starch, meat, milk, fat, and free foods decreased, whereas the mean weekly consumption of fruits and vegetables increased. Food handling practices improved during the lockdown. Based on the results of the linear regression analysis, age, the number of daily meals, practicing of physical activities during lockdown, and mean weekly consumption of meat were the independent predictors of BMI during the lockdown. Conclusion During the lockdown, no significant changes in the BMI of adult Egyptians were observed, whereas dietary practices and food handling practices changed.
      PubDate: 2021-06-15
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00139-3
       
 
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