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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
Showing 1 - 64 of 64 Journals sorted by number of followers
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 176)
British Journal Of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 96)
Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94)
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 93)
International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 61)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
Nutrition in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Annual Review of Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Nutrition Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
European Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Nutrition & Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Public Health Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Appetite     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Obesity Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Childhood Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Eating Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Advances in Eating Disorders : Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Topics in Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Clinical Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Maternal & Child Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition and Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Food, Culture and Society: An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
BMC Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nutrients     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Nutrition Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Food and Foodways: Explorations in the History and Culture of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Ecology of Food and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Dietary Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Pediatric Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Nutritional Neuroscience : An International Journal on Nutrition, Diet and Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Obesity Facts     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Nutrition Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nutrition and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nutrition - Science en évolution     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition Bytes     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bangladesh Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Genes & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Universal Journal of Food and Nutrition Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nutrition and Metabolic Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Metabolism and Nutrition in Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Nutrición Hospitalaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
PharmaNutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ernährung & Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Oil Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Acta Portuguesa de Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Progress in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Revista Chilena de Nutricion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Transplant and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Lifestyle Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
The Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Food and Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Obesity Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Environmental Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food & Nutritional Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Plant Production Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Nutrition Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBONE - Revista Brasileira de Obesidade, Nutrição e Emagrecimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia : Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Nutrition Open Science     Open Access  
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
npj Science of Food     Open Access  
Functional Foods in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Arab Journal of Nutrition and Exercise     Open Access  
Nutrire     Hybrid Journal  
UNICIÊNCIAS     Open Access  
Lifestyle Journal     Open Access  
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición     Open Access  
Revista Salud Pública y Nutrición     Open Access  
Open Food Science Journal     Open Access  
Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional     Open Access  
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
Journal of Medicinal Herbs and Ethnomedicine     Open Access  
La Ciencia al Servicio de la Salud y Nutrición     Open Access  
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan     Open Access  
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia / The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition     Open Access  
Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Media Gizi Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia     Open Access  
NFS Journal     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism     Open Access  
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Journal of Nutritional Ecology and Food Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy     Open Access  
DEMETRA : Alimentação, Nutrição & Saúde     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Médecine & Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Muscle Foods     Hybrid Journal  

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Nutrire
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2316-7874
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2467 journals]
  • Glycemic response of volunteers to the consumption of supplements and food
           formulas for oral and/or enteral nutrition

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      Abstract: Purpose The objective of this study was to determine the glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of three products from the Brazilian market used as a supplement and food formula for oral and/or enteral nutrition. Methods The volunteers (n = 16) attended Food Research Center weekly for six weeks after a 10–12-h overnight fasting. Blood was sampled in the fasting state (t = 0) and at 15 min, 30 min, 45 min, 60 min, 90 min, and 120 min after starting to eat each evaluated meal: glucose solution (reference food, three times) and three products: Cubitan® vanilla (specific for wounds healing), Diasip® chocolate, and Diasip® vanilla (diabetic supplements). GI was determined by calculating the area under the glycemic response curve using the trapezoidal rule and ignoring the areas below the fasting line and considering the GI of glucose to be 100. To determine GL, it was considered the amount of carbohydrates available in a standard serving of the product and GI. Results The three products studied showed low GI and low GL (Cubitan® GI = 35, GL = 6; Diasip® chocolate GI = 49, GL = 7; Diasip® vanilla GI = 47, GL = 7), with significant differences from those and the reference food, but no significant difference between them. Similar results were also observed for the blood glucose peak, which occurred 30 min after the consumption of all products. Conclusions GI and GL of the products were considerably lower than those of the reference food. The products evaluated presented a low glycemic response, shown by a glycemic response curve with a slightly accentuated shape and no high peaks.
      PubDate: 2022-11-21
       
  • Possible mechanisms involved in the prevention and reversal of
           chlorpromazine-induced testicular damage by taurine and coenzyme-Q10 in
           rats

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      Abstract: Objective Oxidative and nitrergic aberrations have important consequences in reproductive organs. Previous research has shown that long-term use of chlorpromazine (CPZ) causes reproductive problems by causing oxidative and nitrergic stress in the testes. The impacts of taurine (TAU) and co-enzyme Q-10 (COQ-10) alone, or combination of both treatments, in the prevention and reversal of CPZ-mediated testicular oxidative and nitrergic damages in male Wister rats were investigated in this study. Ten milligrams per kilogram of oral saline, 150 mg/kg of TAU and 10 mg/kg of COQ-10, or combination of both drugs (TAU + COQ-10) were given to animals for the period of 56 days, or in combination with CPZ (30 mg/kg) treatment from days 29 to 56 in the drug alone or preventive-treatment groups. In the reversal treatment pattern, the animals were given CPZ or saline for 56 days before administration of TAU, COQ-10, or the combination from days 29 to 56. The serum and testes were then tested for protein, enzymatic, non-enzymatic levels, and biomarkers of oxidative and nitrergic stress. The testes’ histopathologic features were also examined. Results The superoxide-dismutase and catalase activities were increased when TAU and COQ-10 were supplemented separately or in their combined treatment. In the testis of naive and CPZ-treated rats, both drugs increased glutathione, glutathione-peroxidase, peroxiredoxin-4, sulphydryl, L-carnitine, and protein levels. In both preventive and reversal studies, TAU and COQ-10 reduced CPZ-induced elevated levels of hydrogen peroxide, protein carbonyl, malondialdehyde, nitrite, and peroxynitrite in the testes of rats. In addition, taurine and COQ-10 protected and reversed testicular histomorphological damage caused by chlorpromazine. Conclusions By increasing testicular enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants, inhibiting reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, and protecting testicular tissues, TAU and COQ-10 together prevented and reversed CPZ-mediated testicular oxidative and nitrergic stresses.
      PubDate: 2022-11-03
       
  • Erythrocyte membrane integrity and protein activity in high-fat diet fed
           male Wistar rats

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      Abstract:    Purpose High-fat diet (HFD) has been reported to induce systemic inflammation and oxidative stress that may affect the structural integrity of erythrocytes and alter their ability to undergo deformation. This study was therefore designed to investigate the effect of HFD feeding on erythrocyte membrane integrity and protein activity in male Wistar rats. Methods Ten animals (100–120 g) were grouped equally and exposed to either standard diet or HFD (25% fat) for 42 days. Thereafter, retro-orbital sinus blood was collected under anesthesia (thiopental), and aliquots were analyzed for erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), osmotic fragility, and mean corpuscular fragility. Erythrocyte ghost membranes were also isolated from blood sample aliquots and analyzed for total protein concentration, malondialdehyde (MDA), Na+K+-ATPase activity, Ca2+Mg2+-ATPase activity, and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-4 level. Results Osmotic fragility and mean corpuscular fragility were significantly increased (P < 0.05) in the HFD-fed group compared to control. ESR (mm/h) (64.60 ± 2.34 vs. 21.20 ± 1.53), membrane MDA (µMol) (3.66 ± 0.86 vs. 0.43 ± 0.08), and ICAM-4 (ng/ml) (1.68 ± 0.23 vs. 0.49 ± 0.16) levels were also increased (P < 0.05) in the group 2 (HFD) compared to group 1 (standard diet). Compared to standard diet group, erythrocyte membrane total protein concentration (10.46 ± 0.96 vs 6.00 ± 0.38 g/dl) and Na+K+ATPase activity (1.37 ± 0.22 vs 0.22 ± 0.03 × 107 µmol pi/mg protein/h) was reduced (P < 0.05) in the HFD group, while Ca2+Mg2+-ATPase exhibited a 27.9% increase in activity. Conclusion This study suggests that HFD may compromise the structural and functional integrity of erythrocytes by activating systemic inflammation, erythrocyte membrane, and protein oxidation as well as dysregulated membrane ATPase activity required to maintain erythrocyte deformability in male Wistar rat.
      PubDate: 2022-11-02
       
  • Alkaloid extract of Lannea egregia leaf inhibits carbohydrate digestive
           enzymes and modulates gluconeogenic and nucleotide-hydrolyzing enzyme
           activities in oxidative isolated psoas muscles injury

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      Abstract:   Background Lannea egregia leaf has been reported to be effective in the management/treatment of different ailments. Objectives Antioxidant and modulatory effect of alkaloid-rich extract of Lannea egregia leaf (AELE) on gluconeogenic and nucleotide-hydrolyzing enzyme activities in isolated psoas muscles (ex vivo) were investigated. Methods Five male albino rats were used, psoas muscles were harvested, and were induced via 0.1 mM FeSO4 (ex vivo). Treatment was done via various concentrations of AELE. Hence, oxidative stress biomarkers, cholinergic, purinergic, and some carbohydrate-metabolizing enzyme activities of the AELE were determined. Results The in vitro results revealed AELE has a strong inhibitory ability against α-amylase and α-glucosidase. However, treatment of psoas muscles incubated with FeSO4 with various concentrations of AELE significantly enhanced the antioxidant, E-NTPDase, PDE-5 activities as well as glycogen levels. In addition, AELE significantly decreased lipid peroxidation level, cholinergic, ATPase, and all carbohydrate metabolism enzymes studied as well as lipase activities. Conclusion Therefore, the obtained results suggest the therapeutic potential of AELE leaf as a possible anti-diabetic agent.
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
       
  • Moringa oleifera–supplemented diet maintains gastric and brain tissue
           structural integrity, hematopoietic system, and neurobehavior in Wistar
           Rats

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      Abstract: Background Moringa oleifera has been studied to possess numerous phytochemicals. However, the combined effect of supplementation with Moringa oleifera diet on brain and gastric tissue maintenance and the hematopoietic system is lacking. In addition, food supplementation with vegetable rich in antioxidants has been found to reduce inflammation in the body by boosting the body’s endogenous antioxidant system. However, the impact of Moringa oleifera–supplemented diet on the gastric tissues and cells, brain tissues, hematological changes, and possible locomotor and anxiolytic-like effect was investigated in this study. Methods Three phases containing 5 groups with 6 rats per group were examined after repeated administration of different percentages (1%, 5%, 10%, and 20%) of Moringa oleifera–supplemented for 7, 14, and 28 days. The stomach and brain tissue (hippocampus, striatum, and cerebral cortex) histology, parietal and mucus cell count, hematological changes, and locomotor and anxiety-like assessment were evaluated. Results The weight difference across the phases did not show any significant effect. Locomotor and exploration increase significantly (P < 0.05; M1, M5, M10, M20) while anxiety-like behavior reduce significantly (P < 0.05; M5, M10, M20) in all phases. Hematology shows significant (P < 0.05; M20) decreased WBC after 14 days. RBC, PVC, HB, and platelet significantly increase (P < 0.05; M1, M5, M10, M20) after 7, 14, and 28 days at different percentage concentrations. Parietal cells decrease significantly (P < 0.05; M20) in the gastric gland after 7 and 14 days and (P < 0.05; M1, M5, M10, M20) after 28 days. After 7 days, mucus cell expression and mucin production significantly increased (P < 0.05; M5, M20) but following 14 and 28 days, significantly (P < 0.05; M1, M5, M10, M20) decreased mucus cell expression was observed. Histological assessment of the stomach shows moderately sloughed mucosa epithelial cell layer and intracellular mucin production while the hippocampus, striatum, and cerebral cortex reveal no pathological lesion in all the phases. Conclusion Moringa oleifera–supplemented diet increases locomotor and improves hematological indices and gastric cells and histoarchitecture of the brain tissues in the rats.
      PubDate: 2022-10-10
       
  • Pro-inflammatory diet index is negatively associated with physical
           performance in postmenopausal women: a cross-sectional study

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      Abstract: Purpose To investigate whether a high dietary inflammatory index (DII) is associated with lower physical performance in postmenopausal women (PW). Methods A cross-sectional study, evaluating 113 postmenopausal women (± 60 years old) was performed. Volunteers were divided based on the inflammatory potential of the diet (pro-inflammatory or anti-inflammatory diet). Physical performance was assessed by the 10-m fast (10MWT) and 4-m usual (4MWT) walking speed tests. The maximum voluntary isometric contraction (CIVM) of the lower limbs, body mass index (BMI), and body composition were also assessed. The generalized linear model was used to evaluate the relationship between the DII (pro-inflammatory score) and walking speed. Results From the 113 postmenopausal women assessed, 83 were classified as having with a pro-inflammatory diet. A lower walking speed, 4MWT (p < 0.015) and 10MWT (p < 0.020), and higher intakes of energy (p < 0.001), carbohydrate (p < 0.001), and lipids (< 0.001) were observed in the PW with a pro-inflammatory score when compared to the anti-inflammatory score. The pro-inflammatory score was positively associated with the time to perform 4MWT (B 0.217; SE 0.096; p < 0.024) and 10MWT (B 0.365; SE 0.171; p < 0.030); regardless of age, weight, HRT, abdominal fat, muscle strength, and use of medicines. Conclusion. A diet with a high DII is associated with a lower walking speed in PW. Future randomized clinical trials should evaluate whether the improvement in DII towards an anti-inflammatory score can increase the physical performance in postmenopausal women.
      PubDate: 2022-10-06
       
  • Carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risk assessment of lead in traditional
           and industrial canned black olives from Iran

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      Abstract: Purpose Olive is one of the oldest foods used by humans. The black olives are richer in flavonoids content. The present study aimed to determine the lead contents in industrial and traditional canned black olive (CBO) in different parts of Iran (North, West, and South) and calculation of dietary risk of lead. Methods Lead contamination in industrial samples (A) and traditional canned olive samples from different regions (B, C, and D) was analyzed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES). The risk of dietary exposure to lead was also determined by method proposed by WHO (World Health Organization), US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA), and Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives (JECFA). Results The average concentration of lead was 0.26 mg/kg for industrial samples. The lead content in traditional samples was significantly higher than industrial samples (p < 0.05). The estimated weekly intakes of both types of canned olive did not exceed the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI). The hazard quotient (HQ) was less than 1 for industrial and traditional canned olives. The results also show that the carcinogenic risks for olives from regions A, C, and D were lower than the 1 × 10−6 and did not pose a significant hazard for adults. While the samples of region B were higher than 10−6 and lower than 10−4 and so is acceptable for adults, whereas for children, ELCR values of some traditional samples (regions B and C) were higher than 1E-4 and pose carcinogenic risk. Conclusion The levels of lead were significantly different between traditional and industrial CBO samples. Collectively, industrial canned olive consumption in Iranian (both adults and children) diet does not pose a risk regarding lead.
      PubDate: 2022-10-05
       
  • The use of exclusive enteral nutritional therapy in children and
           adolescents with active Crohn’s disease: an integrative review

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      Abstract: Purpose Crohn’s disease (CD) consists of a state of chronic inflammation that can affect the entire length of the gastrointestinal tract, from the mouth to the anus. Symptoms include diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever. Corticosteroid therapy has been widely used as the main therapeutic option to induce clinical remission and minimize the deleterious effects of inflammation. However, patients who make continuous use of corticosteroids are likely to develop Cushing’s syndrome. Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is considered the first-line treatment for inducing clinical remission in children and adolescents with active Crohn’s disease. This study aimed to evaluate the use of EEN in inducing remission of CD in children and adolescents and discuss the impact of the EEN on patients’ growth, clinical and endoscopic remission, nutritional aspects, differences between formulas, and the impact on the gut microbiota. Methods This is a narrative review. A search for scientific articles was carried out in the PUBMED database, the SciELO electronic library, and the LILACS databases. Results Five randomized clinical trials, 7 non-randomized clinical trials, and 5 retrospective studies with document analysis were included. In total, the studies covered 660 children and adolescents, with different degrees of initial CD activity. All 17 articles evaluated had, as a common result, a success of EEN to induce remission of active Crohn’s disease. Conclusion EEN is an effective therapy for inducing clinical remission in pediatric patients with active CD, and it is associated with an improvement in the quality of life in this population.
      PubDate: 2022-10-05
       
  • The effects of chronic nanoselenium treatment on sciatic nerve injury:
           behavioral and biochemical responses

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      Abstract: Background Nanoselenium as a free radical scavenger suggested being a neuroprotective agent in some neuronal diseases. As the neuropathic pain could be a consequence of a defect in antioxidant defenses and changes in oxidative stress parameters, the present study was planned to investigate the effect of nanoselenium particles on pain-related behaviors and spinal antioxidant defense parameters in the sciatic nerve injury model. Methods Adult male albino Wistar rats (n = 32) were randomly allocated to the four experimental groups: control group, neuropathy group with chronic constriction injury of the sciatic nerve (CCI), CCI + nanoselenium, CCI + vehicle. The CCI model was used to create neuropathic pain-related symptoms. Nanoselenium or vehicle was injected intraperitoneally for 14 days. The behavioral evaluation was carried out to assess the pain threshold by the radiant heat and von Frey tests. Malondialdehyde (MAD), superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels, and catalase activity in the spinal cord were evaluated to investigate the possible relation. Results Our data displayed that CCI triggered neuropathic pain-related behaviors in rats. Chronic treatment with nanoselenium meaningfully improved pain threshold (P < 0.001; F = 37.86, F = 29. 82) and decreased the level of MDA (P < 0.01; F = 33.16) and increased the SOD level (P < 0.001; F = 13.43) and catalase activity (P < 0. 05; F = 10.17) in the spinal cord of CCI rats. Conclusion Chronic nanoselenium treatment can improve pain-related behavior and is associated with a reduction in MDA level and increasing in SOD level and catalase activity in the spinal cord of the CCI rats. Nanoselenium provides a therapeutic alternative for the treatment of neuropathic pain by alteration in lipid peroxidation and antioxidant defense system factors.
      PubDate: 2022-09-06
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-022-00176-6
       
  • Solanum dasyphyllum leaf extract reduces inflammation in
           carrageenan-induced air pouch in rats by inhibition of cyclooxygenase-2
           and inducible nitric oxide synthase

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      Abstract: Purpose Solanum dasyphyllum Schumach. & Thonn leaf is a vegetable used in folkloric medicine to alleviate pain, fever-related illnesses and inflammatory arthritis. This study was designed to evaluate the mechanism of anti-inflammatory activity of the ethylacetate fraction of methanol extract of S. dasyphyllum (SdEAF) in carrageenan-induced air pouch in rats. Methods The anti-inflammatory activity of SdEAF was investigated in carrageenan-induced air pouch. Pouch exudates volume, neutrophil counts, protein, nitrites, TNF-α, malondialdehyde and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels were determined. Cyclooxygenase-2 and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expressions were also determined. The fingerprint of SdEAF was obtained using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Results The SdEAF significantly reduced exudates volume after 24 h and 72 h of intrapouch carrageenan injection. The SdEAF also significantly reduced exudates neutrophil counts, protein, nitrites, TNF-α and malondialdehyde while GSH was increased. The SdEAF reduced expressions of cyclooxygenase-2 and iNOS in carrageenan pouch tissues. The fingerprint of SdEAF revealed caffeic acid, rutin and quercetin relative to standard compounds. Conclusion Ethylacetate fraction of methanol extract of S. dasyphyllum leaves exhibited anti-inflammatory activities mediated through inhibition of neutrophil recruitment, tumor necrosis factor release and cyclooxygenase-2 up regulation.
      PubDate: 2022-09-06
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-022-00175-7
       
  • Correction to: Prevalence and determinants of double burden of
           malnutrition in Bangladesh: evidence from a nationwide cross‑sectional
           survey

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      PubDate: 2022-08-30
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-021-00148-2
       
  • The relationship between grip strength with health-related quality of life
           and mortality in hemodialysis patients

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      Abstract: Purpose Hemodialysis (HD) is a therapeutic modality that enables the highest survival for individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In contrast, HD contributes to the pro-inflammatory state and may negatively affect the muscle strength and quality of life (QoL) of these individuals. To date, few studies have evaluated the association between decrease in strength and QoL in HD patients. Thus, our objective was to assess whether diminished muscle strength is associated with worse health related QoL and mortality. Methods We included patients aged ≥ 18 years on HD. Clinical and demographic data were collected from patients’ medical records. Clinical data, nutritional status (laboratory, anthropometry, bioimpedance analysis) and health-related QoL (World Health Organization’s quality of life questionnaire, WHOQOL-Bref) were analyzed at baseline. Mortality was recorded for 32 months. Results Among the 105 patients evaluated, the median age was 52 (43–64) years, and males were predominant (n = 73; 70%). The general median of QoL was 66.8 ± 11.9. Approximately 30% of patients were considered to have a worse QoL and 12,4% to have low muscle strength. This was not associated with QoL and mortality. HD vintage greater then to 5 years was associated with higher dissatisfaction in the perception of the environmental domain and overall QoL. Conclusion Our data suggest that low muscle strength was not associated with health-related QoL using the WHOQOL-Bref instrument and mortality.
      PubDate: 2022-08-29
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-022-00171-x
       
  • Disruptive role of trona on hepatic glucose metabolism in rats

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      Abstract: Purpose Trona is a hydrated sodium salt commonly used as food additives for tenderizing tough foods in developing countries. Its long-term consumption has been reported to be hepatotoxic. This study was designed to investigate the effects of trona consumption on hepatic glucose metabolism in rats. Methods Twenty-one male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (n= 7): group 1—control received distilled water; group 2—received 100 mg/kg of trona; and group 3—received 400 mg/kg of trona. All administrations were done orally for 28 days after which the animals were euthanized under the influence of an anesthetic agent. Blood and liver tissue samples were collected for biochemical assays and tissue histology. Data were analyzed using ANOVA. p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results Serum electrolytes (Ca2+ and K+) were significantly increased (p<0.05 and p<0.01) in trona-treated rats when compared with control rats (2.38±0.026 vs 2.54±0.026 mmol/l for Ca2+ and 3.78±0.24 vs 5.56±0.21 mmol/l for K+). A significant increase in the serum insulin level was observed in the trona-treated rats when compared with control rats (0.4±0.001 μIU/L vs 0.5±0.003 and 0.47±0.001 μIU/L). Hepatic level of glucose-6-phosphatase was significantly increased (94.27±1.4 U/I vs 253.50 ±2.0 U/I) in 400 mg trona-treated rats (p=0.05) compared with control rats. Conclusion Consumption of trona, especially 400 mg/kg, may disrupt glucose homeostasis via activation of enzymes involved in gluconeogenesis and also enhance insulin release through hyperkalemia and hypercalcemia.
      PubDate: 2022-08-24
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-022-00173-9
       
  • Effect of l-Glutamine treatment on the expression of T and B cell surface
           molecules and secreted cytokines by cultured peripheral blood of healthy
           subjects

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      Abstract: Background l-Glutamine (l-GLN) is the most abundant amino acid in the human body. In hypercatabolic conditions, supplementation with l-GLN improves immunological function. Among the immune cells, the lymphocytes are the largest consumers of l-GLN in a catabolic disease state. Here, we evaluated the effect of l-GLN treatment on the expression of T and B cell surface molecules and secreted cytokines in cultured peripheral blood of healthy subjects. Methods Peripheral blood samples (N = 14) were cultured with or without l-GLN treatment and immunostained for T (anti-CD45, anti-CD3, anti-CD4, anti-CD8) and B (anti-CD19 and anti-CD20) lymphocytes at different time points over 24 h. In addition, secreted cytokines IL1-β, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, IL-12p70, and TNF were measured at the same period with cytometric bead array. Results Our data showed that CD45 expression increased after 18 h in the l-GLN treatment group. On the other hand, l-GLN decreased the expression of total (CD3+) and helper (CD3+CD4+) T cells within 24 h, reducing the expression of cytotoxic cell markers (CD3+CD8+) at 12 and 18 h and of B cells (CD19+ and CD20+) at 18 h. Also, IL-1β and IL-10 cytokines increased at 18 and 24 h in the l-GLN treatment group supernatant of cultured peripheral blood. Conclusions The main finding of this study is that in vitro treatment with l-GLN can modulate the expression of T and B lymphocytes surface molecules and increase the secretion of IL-1β and IL-10 after 24 h.
      PubDate: 2022-08-15
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-022-00169-5
       
  • Enhancing the bioavailability of iron in Moringa oleifera for nutrient
           deficiency

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      Abstract: Purpose Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutrient deficiencies in developing countries. As synthetic iron supplements cause serious side effects, consumption of iron-rich natural food is encouraged. Moringa oleifera (Moringa) leaves are widely known for their rich iron content (28 mg/100 g). However, the bioavailability of iron is less due to the presence of anti-nutritional factors such as phytate, tannins, and polyphenols. Hence, the present study aimed to determine the optimal treatment method for reducing the phytate content in M. oleifera leaves. Methods Powdered leaves were blanched and acid-soaked at different temperatures and pH. Then, the processed samples were estimated for their total phytate and iron content. Results Blanching at 100 °C for 10 min reduced phytic acid up to 61.5%. Soaking with lemon at pH 2 reduced the 67.25% of phytic acid. However, the treatment with tamarind caused a nominal phytate reduction (from 10.3 to 57.76%). Moreover, the molar ratio of phytate:iron obtained by acid soaking (0.76) was lesser than the critical value. Conclusion Overall results suggest that the acid soaking of Moringa leaves at lower pH was more effective in reducing phytic acid and increased iron bioavailability.
      PubDate: 2022-08-15
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-022-00167-7
       
  • Correction to: Therapeutic potential of ginger bio-active compounds in
           gastrointestinal cancer therapy: the molecular mechanism

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      PubDate: 2022-08-12
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-022-00170-y
       
  • Frequency of intake of dietary fiber food groups, its determinants, and
           the relationship with hyperkalemia in hemodialysis patients in a
           multicenter study

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      Abstract: Purpose Patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) treatment can have a low intake of dietary fiber-rich food groups to decrease hyperkalemia risk. This multicenter cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the frequency of intake of dietary fiber sources, its determinants, and the relationship with hyperkalemia in HD patients. Methods HD patients from four dialysis clinics answered a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) involving the main dietary fiber sources with seven frequency possibilities. The answers were converted into scores. Each score point corresponded to one time per week. Demographic, nutritional, and laboratory data were obtained from the medical records. Univariate analysis was used to assess total score associations, and variables with P < 0.20 were included in the regression analysis model. Results A total of 305 HD patients were included (male: 51%; age: 52.2 ± 14.7 years; hyperkalemia: 29%). The median (interquartile) FFQ scores were as follows: fruits, 6 (2–14); vegetables, 6 (3–10); legumes, 3 (1–7); whole grain, 0 (0–1); and seeds, 0 (0–0); total score, 19 (14–28). No difference was found between the dietary fiber food groups and total scores with hyperkalemia. Independent predictors of dietary fiber total score were older age, higher HD vintage, higher body mass index (BMI), and higher educational level. Conclusion The usual frequency of dietary fiber food groups intake was low, and its independent determinants were age, HD vintage, BMI, and education. The lack of association with hyperkalemia suggests that other dietary sources and clinical factors should be considered when managing hyperkalemia in this population.
      PubDate: 2022-08-05
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-022-00168-6
       
  • Therapeutic potential of ginger bio-active compounds in gastrointestinal
           cancer therapy: the molecular mechanism

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      Abstract: Abstract The scientific literature indicates that ginger is known for its medicinal properties from ancient times. Ginger is an excellent source of bio-active compounds. It can stimulate the immune system to protect against various types of cancers. In the review, the bio-active compounds of ginger like gingerols, shogaols, paradols, terpenes, camphene, zingerone, and zingiberene and their role in ameliorating liver, pancreatic, colorectal, and gastric cancer types by inhibiting multiple pathways of carcinogenesis are discussed. Additionally, ginger compound-based nanoparticles have been discussed in terms of cancer therapeutics. Various ginger-derived nanoparticles synthesized employing technology have focused on delivering chemotherapeutic medications into specific cancer cells. Future studies should be an integrative method that uses nature-derived nanoparticles from edible plants to load and release cancer therapy into various malignant tissues, allowing for a faster recovery in people with multiple primary tumors.
      PubDate: 2022-08-03
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-022-00166-8
       
  • Mini-review: dietary influency and nutritional treatment in
           nephrolithiasis

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      Abstract: Abstract Nephrolithiasis prevalence has increased worldwide in the last decades. Kidney stones formation has multifactorial pathogenic pathways, and obesity, dehydration, genetic influency, and metabolic diseases are considered risk factors. The dietary intake of calcium-rich foods, sodium, oxalate, citrate, uric acid, and protein, as well as fluids intake, are part of the dietary and nutritional aspects associated with stones prevention or promotion. The aim of this mini narrative review was to summarize the most recent evidence on dietary and nutritional factors involved in the treatment and control of kidney stones. Adequate fluid intake promotes increased urine output and prevents oversaturation of lithogenic products, such as oxalate, calcium, and urate. Artificially sweetened beverages and beer are not recommended, while citrus fruit juices, such as orange and lemon, teas, and coffee, are encouraged. Plant-based diet, low-fat, and calcium-rich dairy products, fruits, and vegetables may protect against stone formation by reducing sodium and purine intake, and increasing serum citrate and calcium intake. Meat, offal, and seafood are associated with increased hyperuricemia, a potential stone former due to urinary acidification. The diet prescription by the dietician should be made based on the evaluation of the patient’s usual dietary intake, metabolic profile, stone composition, preferences, and accessibility. Dietary patterns such as vegetarian diet, DASH diet, and Mediterranean diet are considered the best anti-lithogenic dietary patterns.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-022-00165-9
       
  • Six in ten adolescent boys in Ethiopia are thin, a multilevel analysis of
           Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (2016)

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      Abstract: Background Adolescence is a distinct period in human life by which a child matures to adulthood. Despite the high prevalence, adolescent undernutrition in low and middle countries lacks the attention it deserves. Undernutrition among adolescent boys in developing countries is overlooked. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the magnitude and associated factors of thinness among adolescent boys in Ethiopia. Methods A secondary data analysis was conducted from Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS 2016). Descriptive analysis to assess the prevalence and multilevel logistic regression analysis was computed to identify the factors associated with thinness among adolescent boys. The intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) and likelihood ratio (LR) test were used to assess the presence of the clustering effect, and deviance was used for model comparison. Statistical significance with 95% CI was declared at p-value < 0.05, and the analysis was carried out on weighted data. Multicollinearity was checked using the variance inflation factor. Results A total weighted sample of 2784 adolescent boys were included for this study. The magnitude of thinness among adolescent boys was found to be 58.5% (95% CI; 56.6, 60.3). Age of the adolescent (AOR = 0.61; 95% CI: 0.53, 0.67), age of head of the household (AOR = 0.98; 95% CI: 0.96, 0.99), had no education (AOR = 1.94; 95% CI: 1.32, 3.81), and had primary education (AOR = 1.55; 95% CI: 1.26, 2.25) were significant associated factors with thinness at individual level, whereas being from rural residence (AOR = 1.84; 95% CI: 1.12, 3.00), Tigray (AOR = 3.02; 95% CI: 1.63, 5.60), Afar (AOR = 2.26; 95% CI: 1.05, 4.88)), Amhara (AOR = 1.92; 95% CI: 1.02, 3.61), and Somali (AOR = 3.34; 95% CI: 1.62, 6.86) region had higher odds of thinness at community level. Conclusion Six in ten adolescent boys were found to be thin. Age of the adolescent, age of head of the household, educational status, place of residence, and region were statistically significant factors of thinness. Therefore, nutritional intervention programs in Ethiopia should give emphasis to adolescent boys based on the identified factors. Besides, regions identified with higher odds of thinness should be prioritized for nutritional interventions.
      PubDate: 2022-06-30
      DOI: 10.1186/s41110-022-00164-w
       
 
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