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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2152-0801
Published by Thomas A. Lyson Center for Civic Agriculture and Food Systems Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Food inequality: One part of a much larger problem

    • Authors: Jules Hathaway
      Abstract: First paragraph: In 2014, researchers ascribed the growing nutrit­ional inequality in America to two factors: the price of wholesome foods and geographic inaccessibility for families living in food deserts (Wang et al., 2014). Priyah Fielding-Singh believed that the causes had to be much more complex than that. As a doctoral student in sociology at Stanford University, she conducted an ethnographic study that involved interviewing 160 parents and children and extensively observing four families. Her findings, reported in How the Other Half Eats: The Untold Story of Food and Inequality in America, reveal the complexity of causes, as she was expecting, of growing nutritional inequality. She also addresses the need to see food inequality as one intercon­nected facet of socioeconomic inequality rather than as a standalone problem. . . .
      PubDate: 2022-07-26
      DOI: 10.5304/jafscd.2022.114.004
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • National food security, immigration reform, and the importance of worker
           engagement in agricultural guestworker debates

    • Authors: Anna Zoodsma, Mary Jo Dudley, Laura-Anne Minkoff-Zern
      Pages: 1–13 - 1–13
      Abstract: This article looks at the United States’ federal H-2A Temporary Agricultural Visa Program and reforms proposed by the Farm Workforce Mod­ernization Act. In this policy analysis, we draw on media content analysis and qualitative inter­views to compare the viewpoints of farmers, workers, grower and worker advocacy groups, intermediary agents, and politicians. We find that perspectives on the program are dependent upon actors’ level of direct interaction with workers. Moderate-sized farmers and regionally based worker advocacy groups tend to be the most concerned with day-to-day program operations and fair working condi­tions. In contrast, national-level advocacy groups, intermediary agents, and politi­cians are less critical of the program and seek to broadly expand farmer access to guestworkers, justifying proposed pro­gram reforms with dis­courses of national food security and immigration reform. Ultimately, we suggest that engaging a food systems lens to under­stand these policies provides a more nuanced per­spective, addressing national food security and immigration as related issues.
      PubDate: 2022-08-08
      DOI: 10.5304/jafscd.2022.114.009
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Community food systems resilience: Values, benefits, and indicators

    • Authors: Catherine Campbell, Alicia Papanek, Alia DeLong, John Diaz, Cody Gusto, Debra Tropp
      Pages: 1–25 - 1–25
      Abstract: There is increasing awareness that community food policies and programs can address issues of equity, sustainability, profitability, and resilience in food systems. Community coalitions, local governments, food policy councils, cooperative extension, and other stakeholders seek to improve community food systems through policy and programmatic development. However, these groups often do not know what types of policy or program models exist to help achieve their goals. This research identified expert consensus on three important topics related to community food systems resilience: (1) values that should guide adopting and implementing poli­cies and programs to facilitate community food systems resilience, (2) benefits of adopting policies and programs that support community food sys­tems resilience, and (3) policies, programs, and ini­tiatives that are indicators of resilience. These indi­cators can be used to assess the resilience of communities and to help communities identify pol­icy options to achieve specific goals and objectives. The results of this study were used to create a com­munity food system resilience audit tool that com­munity groups can use to assess the current resili­ency of their food system, identify priorities, and set goals. The audit tool focuses on seven core themes that contribute to community food systems resilience: agricultural and ecological sustainability, community health, community self-reliance, dis­tributive and democratic leadership, focus on the farmer and food maker, food justice, and place-based economics. The individual indicators in this audit tool provide specific policies and practices that can be adopted by local governments, sup­ported by cooperative extension agents, and advo­cated for by food policy councils and community-based organizations.
      PubDate: 2022-07-29
      DOI: 10.5304/jafscd.2022.114.006
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • A qualitative investigation of resilience among small farms in western
           Washington State

    • Authors: Dani Ladyka, Yona Sipos, Marie Spiker, Sarah Collier
      Pages: 1–25 - 1–25
      Abstract: The 2020 growing season presented new and sig­nificant challenges for farmers and farms across the United States as they navigated the COVID-19 pandemic. The rich and diverse agricultural land­scape of Washington State offers a valuable micro­cosm in which to explore the experiences of farms in the U.S. during the pandemic. The pur­pose of this study was to qualitatively assess the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on directly marketing small farms in western Washington State, with a focus on farmers’ experiences with resilience. We conducted in-depth, semi-structured interviews with 15 farmers and used thematic analysis to explore the influence of the pandemic on overall experiences, responses, and values and perceptions related to small farms. Interviewees provided insights on the impacts of the pandemic on their daily farm operations, production costs, marketing channels, demand, and revenue. Farmers also reported shifting personal and public attitudes towards small farms during the pandemic. Product diversity, flexibility, multiple forms of support, values, and access to resources emerged as drivers of COVID-19 impacts and farm adaptations. When compared to existing frameworks on farm resilience, farms in this study are seen to demon­strate resilience via buffer and adaptive capabilities, which enable them to absorb and adjust to shocks. Farmers also discussed resilience via transformative capability, the potential to create new systems, lev­eraging the collective power of small farms to shape future food systems. Future research on the resilience of small farms should focus on ways to both promote resilience attributes and facilitate the ability of farmers to act on resilience capabilities.
      PubDate: 2022-07-28
      DOI: 10.5304/jafscd.2022.114.007
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Challenges for the agritourism sector in the United States

    • Authors: Weiwei Wang, Chadley Hollas, Lisa Chase, David Conner, Jane Kolodinsky
      Pages: 1–16 - 1–16
      Abstract: Agritourism has become a popular pursuit for farms and ranches in the United States, aiming to diversify revenue sources and meet agricultural edu­cation and community-building goals. How­ever, there has been limited research around the challenges experienced by operators and limited access to resources that can help address these chal­lenges. This article fills that gap in knowledge by examining the challenges agritourism opera­tions currently face in the Northeast, Midwest, South, and West regions of the U.S. In this study, we use a mixed-methods approach to the Five Dimen­sions of Access framework developed by Penchansky and Thomas (1981). We opera­tionalize their model in an ordinal probit regression to analyze data from a national survey of agritourism operators, analyzed by region. Results from the quantitative analysis are sub­stantiated using qualitative, open-ended comments from the same survey. The analyses show that agritourism operators encounter different challenges according to their region. We find that operators in most regions of the United States are concerned about agritourism liability. However, states in the West region experience more chal­lenges with regulations, zoning, and permitting, while operators in the South have more problems with e-connectivity. These results can be applied in three ways: support services for agritourism, policy and regulations, and future research.
      PubDate: 2022-07-28
      DOI: 10.5304/jafscd.2022.114.003
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • Regenerative agriculture and racial justice

    • Authors: Natasha Shannon
      Pages: 1–3 - 1–3
      Abstract: First paragraph: At a time when regenerative agriculture has come under increasing scrutiny for murky definitions (Newton et al., 2020), corporate dilution (Nargi, 2020), and a lack of attention to racial justice and land access (Fassler, 2021), Liz Carlisle’s Healing Grounds: Climate, Justice, and the Deep Roots of Regenerative Farming (2022) offers an expansive, justice-oriented understanding of regenerative agriculture. In Healing Grounds, Carlisle makes the case that the regenerative farming practices gaining popular traction are not new but are instead deeply rooted in the agricultural traditions of Black, Indig­e­nous, and people of color (BIPOC) communities across the globe. To unearth these deep roots, Carlisle features the stories and work of several BIPOC women leaders in regenerative agriculture, weaving in a wealth of interviews, archival research, and historical data to examine structural agricul­tural injustices and the multitude of regenerative farming practices sustained by BIPOC commu­nities. . . .

      PubDate: 2022-07-26
      DOI: 10.5304/jafscd.2022.114.005
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 4 (2022)
       
  • THE ECONOMIC PAMPHLETEER: Can we afford good food'

    • Authors: John Ikerd
      Pages: 1–4 - 1–4
      Abstract: First paragraph: Can we all afford enough wholesome, nutri­tious, sustainably produced food to support healthy, active lives' The good news is, yes, we can afford enough good food, enough for everyone—today and in the future. The bad news is that many people will need to make some very different food choices. National and global food systems do not change very quickly or easily, but individuals can change their food choices. Changes in individual food choices can lead to changes in local food systems, and changes in local food systems can lead to changes in national and global food systems. . . .
      PubDate: 2022-07-22
      DOI: 10.5304/jafscd.2022.114.002
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Ending Lacewing Acres: Toward amplifying microperspectives on farm closure

    • Authors: Abby Dubisar, Julia Slocum
      Pages: 1–15 - 1–15
      Abstract: Farmers are invited to tell stories about their farms, especially about their farm’s origin and history. However, some farm stories go untold, are unin­vited, or become obscured, including stories of farm closures. With this case study, we invite jour­nalists and academics to provide further opportuni­ties for farmers to tell their own closure stories. Written by the farmer and her CSA member and friend, who researches farmer communication, this case study calls on farmers to tell their farm-closure stories in the complicated and robust ways such stories deserve. We draw on ­academic and public scholarship about farm closures and farmers’ dis­closures to feature how one farmer decided to end her farm and farming career. We chronicle her decision-making process and her strategies to com­municate the closure of her farm, as well as analyze themes from how audiences reacted to her news. We also offer a range of reasons for inviting such telling of complex closure stories.
      PubDate: 2022-07-08
      DOI: 10.5304/jafscd.2022.114.001
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • IN THIS ISSUE: Celebrating new farmers and gardeners

    • Authors: Duncan Hilchey
      Pages: 1–4 - 1–4
      Abstract: First paragraphs: In this issue, we celebrate the extraordinary contributions that new farmers and gardeners make to their host communities. Immigrant farmers and gardeners, military vet farmers, young BIPOC farmers … all are increasingly joining the ranks of our food producers. While not enough to replace the loss of traditional farmers, USDA funding to support NGOs and CBOs that are providing land access, technical assistance, and farm incubation services appears to be fostering a new generation of farm and garden practitioners who are putting their shoulders to the wheel of food justice and food sovereignty in the U.S. On our cover is Dhan Maya Subba, a participant in the New Farms for New Americans’ agriculture and education program for refugees (photo by Alisha Laramee, Program Manager, NFNA). Subba is one of nearly 100 families originally from homes in Asia and Africa who participate in the program to grow food to feed their families. NFNA, a program of the Association of Africans Living in Vermont, helps families who have been resettled in northern New England to access land, continue their agricultural traditions, and grow cultur­ally significant crops. More details about NFNA can be gleaned from Nepali Bhutanese refugee gardeners and their seed systems: Placemaking and foodways in Vermont by Junru Guo, Daniel Tobin, and Teresa Mares (all at the Uni­versity of Vermont) in this issue. . . .
      PubDate: 2022-06-20
      DOI: 10.5304/jafscd.2022.113.022
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Food sovereignty, health, and produce prescription programs

    • Authors: Nadine Budd Nugent, Ronit Ridberg, Hollyanne Fricke, Carmen Byker Shanks, Sarah Stotz, Amber Jones Chung, Sonya Shin, Amy Yaroch, Melissa Akers, Roger Lowe, Carmen George, Kymie Thomas, Hilary Seligman
      Pages: 177– - 177–
      Abstract: Structural inequities contribute to food systems in which tribal communities in the U.S. are more likely to experience barriers to healthy food access, including financial barriers, lack of geographic proximity, or both. Food sovereignty movements improve food access by shifting power to local people to build food systems that support cultural, social, economic, and environmental needs. Finan­cial incentive programs, including produce pre­scription programs, have emerged as a promising intervention to improve food access and support food sovereignty. This case study describes the implementation of two federally funded produce prescription programs (Produce Prescription Pro­jects or PPR) under the U.S. Department of Agri­culture (USDA) Gus Schumacher Nutrition Incen­tive Program (GusNIP) in two rural tribal communities: the Yukon Kuskokwim Delta region in Alaska, and the Navajo Nation, which spans parts of New Mexico, Arizona, and Utah. We illus­trate how PPR can be tailored to accommodate local and diverse cultures, strengthen community power, and be uniquely suited for the challenges of increasing access to nutritious food in rural tribal communities. We also highlight recommendations and future areas of research that may be useful for other rural tribal communities implementing PPR.
      PubDate: 2022-06-18
      DOI: 10.5304/jafscd.2022.113.014
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 3 (2022)
       
 
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