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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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Jurnal Riset Kesehatan
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2252-5068 - ISSN (Online) 2461-1026
Published by UPPM, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang Homepage  [2 journals]
  • FAMILY ACTIONS TO OVERCOME THE SIDE EFFECTS OF CHEMOTHERAPY IN PATIENTS AT
           HOME

    • Authors: Yuyun Bella Ria Br Batubara, Rani Lisa Indra, Lita Lita
      Pages: 75 - 82
      Abstract: To cancer patients, families are the first home care and support providers who help meet all their needs. This study aims to define their actions that help the patients deal with the side effects of chemotherapy at home. This is a descriptive quantitative research involving cancer outpatients who are taking chemotherapies in Arifin Achmad Hospital of Riau Province. A consecutive sampling technique obtained 134 families as samples, from which the data were collected using a questionnaire and analyzed univariately. The results showed several major actions in helping their members get through the side effects of chemotherapy, which include helping overcome nausea and vomiting by providing preferable food (in as many as 84 patients or 63%), helping overcome hair loss by keeping hair short and easy to manage (in as many as 54 patients or 40.5%), helping overcome fatigue by assisting to manage routines (in as many as 83 patients or 62.2%), helping battle appetite loss by preparing favorite foods on demand (in as many as 99 patients or 74.2%), and helping overcome diarrhea by giving 8-10 glasses of water per day (in as many as 91 patients or 68.2%). These actions have given proper results in helping the patients overcome chemotherapy side effects at home. Therefore, our study is expected to be a reference for other families whose members are dealing with similar conditions.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i2.8522
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • WHAT ARE THE BARRIERS TO THE IMPLEMENTATION OF ELECTRONIC MEDICAL
           RECORDS' A REVIEW OF RECENT STUDIES

    • Authors: Nurvita Wikansari, Dian Budi Santoso
      Pages: 83 - 88
      Abstract: Information technology utilization in the health sector is increasingly widespread. One aspect that cannot be separated from the intervention of information technology is medical records management through electronic medical records implementation. The number of healthcare facilities that implement electronic medical records is increasing. However, it is important to understand the various barriers that may be encountered in the electronic medical records implementation so that the success rate of implementation will be higher. This study aims to identify the current state of knowledge about electronic medical records implementation barriers. A literature review was conducted using three databases, PubMed, Science Direct, and Google Scholar using "electronic medical records'' and "implementation barriers" as keywords. There were 13 articles used in this study. There are 8 categories of barriers to the implementation of electronic medical records which consist of technical concerns, initial and maintenance costs, security concerns, lack of technical support, user resistance, system interoperability capability, lack of infrastructures, and productivity concerns.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i2.8611
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • ISOLATES OF POLYPROPYLENE-DEGRADING BACTERIA FROM A LANDFILL

    • Authors: Nastiti Trikurniadewi, Ana Mariatul Khiftiyah, Silvia Kurnia Sari, Wika Ifananda, Dian Irma Suryani, Ni'matuzahroh Ni'matuzahroh
      Pages: 89 - 95
      Abstract: Polypropylene (PP) is a synthetic, heat-resistant, plastic. This quality has made it the second most commonly used in everyday life, including in disposable medical face masks. While the COVID-19 pandemic has led to an escalation of the face masks use in the last two years, their abundant waste, which is difficult to decompose naturally, can have a negative impact on the environment and human health. The purpose of this study was to obtain isolates of PP decomposing bacteria from the landfill in Ngipik, Gresik. The isolates were obtained from soil samples in the landfill. Bacterial isolates were tested for their ability to degrade PP during the 28 days of the liquid phase. The data obtained were bacterial growth data and PP degradation. There were three isolates that had the potential to decompose PP, namely NG 1, NG 2, and NG 3. It was concluded that the NG2 bacterial isolate is able to decompose PP by 0.47%. Based on the results of 16S sRNA, these three tended to be in the genus of Bacillus. The results of this study are expected to enrich the data of potential local bacteria to decompose PP obtained from Gresik landfill areas.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i2.8815
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • THE EFFECTIVENESS OF MODERN DRESSING WITH A COMBINATION OF AFRICAN LEAF
           NANOPARTICLE HYDROGEL AND PAPUAN HONEY FOR GRADE II DIABETIC WOUND HEALING
           

    • Authors: Rolyn Frisca Djamanmona, Oktovina Mobalen
      Pages: 96 - 101
      Abstract: The combination of African leaf nanoparticle hydrogel (Vernonia amygdalina) and Papuan honey in modern dressing to heal wound in grade II diabetic patients can reduce the care day length and amputation risk for upper or lower extremity areas that are often affected and wounded in the event of hyperglycemia. Wound care is performed every 3 days for 20 days based on the physiological process in the proliferative phase of wound healing. The diabetic wound was assessed using the Bates Jensen Wound Assessment Tool (BWAT). The research was experimental with pre- and post-test control group design. The results showed that the 20-day wound care with this combination could reduce the BWAT score by 5.2, a sign of its effectiveness as compared to the control group reduction by 4.33. Conclusively, performing a modern dressing using this combination for 30-45 minutes every 3 days for 20 days was effective in accelerating the healing process of grade II diabetic wounds.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i2.8883
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • RISK FACTORS AFFECTING SCABIES IN BAUBAU CITY

    • Authors: Agus Darmawan, Fitriani Fitriani, Taswin Taswin, Jusliana Jusliana, Masjudin Masjudin
      Pages: 102 - 107
      Abstract: Scabies is known as a contagious skin disease that attacks humans and animals. Data from the Baubau City Health Office of scabies has increased by 195 cases in January-May 2021. The purpose of this study was to determine the risk factors that influence the incidence of scabies in Baubau City. This type of research was a quantitative research with a case control approach, the number of samples is 92, with 46 case respondents and 46 control respondents. The technique for determining the number of samples was simple random sampling. Data processing using SPSS 22 with univariate and bivariate analysis. Based on the results of the bivariate analysis showed that knowledge p Value 0.030<0.05 with OR value= 2.917, personal hygiene p Value 0.035<0.05 with OR value= 2.731, and clean water facilities p-value 0.572>0.05 with OR value= 1,622. The conclusion of this study was that there was an influence between knowledge and personal hygiene with the incidence of scabies and there was no effect of clean water facilities with the incidence of scabies in the working area of Betoambari Public Health Center.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i2.8993
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • KNOWLEDGE ABOUT COVID-19 VACCINE IN COMMUNITY: CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY

    • Authors: Mahdaniah Mahdaniah, Nurul Mardiati, Wahyudi Wahyudi
      Pages: 108 - 113
      Abstract: COVID-19 is an infectious disease that spreads through fluids when the infected person coughs or sneezes. Vaccination is one of the effective ways to prevent COVID-19. Good knowledge of COVID-19 vaccines will increase the willingness of people to get vaccinated. If the vaccination program is successful, it can reduce and prevent the transmission of COVID-19. Sociodemographic characteristics like education and income are significantly related to a person's knowledge of COVID-19 vaccination. The study aims to determine the relationship between the sociodemographic characteristics with the knowledge of the COVID-19 vaccine in the community of Banjar Regency. This study used a cross-sectional design and a descriptive-analytic analysis. There are 400 samples used and obtained using an accidental sampling technique. In the data analysis, univariate and bivariate analysis was used with the chi-square test. It found that the level of public knowledge of the COVID-19 vaccine in the Banjar Regency area is poor knowledge (40.3%) of the COVID-19 vaccine. There is a relationship between gender, age, education, income, and sources of knowledge about the COVID-19 vaccine in the community of Banjar regency.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i2.8999
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PUBLIC AND PRIVATE HOSPITAL WORKING CULTURES ON
           JOB SATISFACTION INDEX IN THE MILLENNIAL GENERATION

    • Authors: Yulie Erida Nur Rahmawati, Sri Suwarsi, Mohammad Rizal Chaidir, Muhardi Muhardi, Rachmat Suyanto, Dadang Kusnadi
      Pages: 114 - 117
      Abstract: The hospitals' issue in dealing with the healthcare service becomes challenging in the current era of the millennial generation employee. This may make interpersonal working cooperation difficult to achieve. Hence, this study attempts to evaluate the differences between public and private hospital working cultures on the job satisfaction index in the millennial generation. We used AIH public hospital and AIS private hospital in Bandung to conduct the study. All employees were of the millennial generation (born 1981-2000). The job satisfaction index includes passion, salary, supervision, work colleagues, and working conditions. It has a maximum score of 75 and a minimum score of 15. P-value <0.05 was defined as significant differences. The results showed that private hospitals have a job satisfaction index score of passion (50.22±6.51 vs. 42.32±8.01; p= 0.042), salary (51.49±11.54 vs. 27.92±6.61; p= 0.033), supervision (66.78±4.82 vs. 53.32±11.04; p= 0.073), and working conditions (61.41±7.59 vs. 37.72±9.52; p= 0.139) that are higher than public hospitals. The work colleagues’ score was the only higher in public hospitals (35.81±8.98 vs. 29.91±5.94; p= 0.040). This present study showed differences between public and private hospital working cultures on the job satisfaction index in the millennial generation.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i2.9163
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • THE RELATIONSHIP OF BREASTFEEDING MOTHERS‘ HYGIENE BEHAVIOR WITH THE
           INCIDENCE OF METHICILLIN-RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS (MRSA)

    • Authors: Aning Subiyatin, Rike Syahniar, Adinta Anandani
      Pages: 118 - 122
      Abstract: Staphylococcus aureus (S.aureus ) is a pathogenic bacterium that can be isolated from breast milk and can cause various infections including pneumonia, sepsis, skin lesions, and food poisoning in infants. This bacterium is present in humans and does not cause any symptoms, but it can serious infections such as sepsis and even death. In nursing mothers, This bacterium is associated with mastitis (breast infection) and abscesses of breasts that require medical attention. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors of breastfeeding behavior with the incidence of MRSA. This research was an analytical observational with a cross-sectional approach to breastfeeding mothers in the South Tangerang area. The sampling technique used purposive sampling on 47 people—data collection using questionnaires and Vitek-2 examination for MRSA. Hygiene behavior in breastfeeding mothers in the good category 27 (57.4%). Four (8.5%) breastfeeding mothers were positive for MRSA. There was no relationship between hygiene behavior in breastfeeding mothers and MRSA (p=1,000). Hygiene behavior in breastfeeding mothers in South Tangerang was in a good category. There were 8.5% of breastfeeding mothers are MRSA-positive. Hygiene behavior in breastfeeding mothers can prevent the transmission of MRSA to infants.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i2.9204
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • NEUTRALIZE BACTERIAL ACTIVITY WITH ANATOMICAL EMBALMING SOLUTIONS

    • Authors: Dwi Martha Nur Aditya, Adhimas Setyo Wicaksono, Acik Afandi, Lady Theresa Adeodata, Lisa Thalia Mulyanata
      Pages: 123 - 130
      Abstract: Formaldehyde had some degree of toxicity in the human body as a cadaver preservation solution. Recent studies showed that moderate formaldehyde levels in cadavers could neutralize SARS-CoV-2. However, other effects of formaldehyde levels in the air are not yet known on bacteria. This study aims to determine the optimal level of formaldehyde that can be used to neutralize bacteria and is safe for humans. This study used a post-test control group design with formaldehyde level as the independent variable and bacterial colonization as the dependent variable. The results showed that the mean levels of formaldehyde with the bacterial colony respectively were P1 (1.378±0.716; 0.40±0.10), P2 (0.347±0.038; 1.40±0.10), P3 (0.137±0.006; 2.40 ±0.10), P4 (0.042±0.005; 3.32±0.09), and P5 (0.009±0016; 4.40±0.10). The statistical analysis results revealed a value of p<0.05, which indicated that the higher the formaldehyde level, the higher the ability to neutralize bacterial activity. The study concluded the optimum level for neutralizing bacterial activity safe for humans is about 0347±0038 mg/m3.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i2.9234
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • THE EFFECT OF CONSUMPTION OF PORK (SUS BARBATUS) ON BLOOD PRESSURE,
           HEMOGLOBIN LEVEL AND TOTAL CHOLESTEROL LEVEL

    • Authors: Supriati Wila Djami, Meirina Loaloka
      Pages: 131 - 135
      Abstract: Pork is a very difficult meat to digest because it contains a lot of fat and pork causes many diseases, namely hardening of the arteries, increased blood pressure, excruciating chest pain (angina pectoris) and inflammation of the joints and if pork is consumed it can affect the organs in the body. This study aims to determine the effect of pork consumption on blood pressure, hemoglobin levels and total cholesterol levels. This research was conducted on people who often consume pork in Baun village, Amarasi Barat sub-district, with as many as 51 respondents consisting of 20 males and 31 females. Based on the results of the study, it is known that people who often consume pork 3 to 4 times a month have hemoglobin levels within normal limits with a percentage of 66.67%, blood pressure tends to be high with a percentage of 47.06% and high total cholesterol levels with a percentage of 53%. So it can be conclude that consuming pork can increase cholesterol levels in the body blood.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i2.9214
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF RADIATION SHIELD WALL BETWEEN
           LEAD-LAYERS AND PLASTERING BRICK-LAYERS

    • Authors: Ardi Soesilo Wibowo, Edy Cahyono, Retno Sri Iswari, Kholik Al Amin, Marichatul Jannah
      Pages: 136 - 141
      Abstract: The rate of exposure to X-ray radiation on the radiation shielding wall at the Laboratory 3 of Radiology Study Program Purwokerto Diploma Three Program has been analyzed, to find out the difference in the effectiveness of the radiation shielding wall between a 10 cm thick Lead (2 mm) coated partition and a 28 cm thick stucco brick wall. Measurements were made using a radiation source, namely a mobile unit X-ray machine with a Fluke survey meter radiation measuring instrument. Measurement of the rate of exposure to X-ray radiation is carried out by adjusting the distance of the radiation source with the radiation shield wall from 100 cm, 150 cm and 200 cm and taken from 5 measurement points that represent the radiation shield wall. The measurement results show that measurement point C produces the highest radiation exposure rate and measurement point A produces the lowest radiation exposure rate for Do and D. There is a radiation exposure rate of more than 1 μSv/Hr after passing through a 10 cm thick Lead-coated partition wall (2 mm) at a distance of 100 cm to 150 cm. Radiation shielding walls of walls covered with stucco bricks with a thickness of 28 cm were more effective than partitions covered with lead (2 mm) with a thickness of 10 cm. It is necessary to pay attention to aspects of radiation protection, the use of a mobile unit X-ray machine in placing the X-ray tube in the direction of the X-ray tube and, the radiation source distance of at least 2 meters from the lead-coated partition radiation wall.
      PubDate: 2022-12-14
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i2.9307
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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