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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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Jurnal Riset Kesehatan
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2252-5068 - ISSN (Online) 2461-1026
Published by UPPM, Poltekkes Kemenkes Semarang Homepage  [2 journals]
  • MOTHER'S KNOWLEDGE AND HYGIENE SANITATION AGAINST STUNTING IN
           TODDLERS

    • Authors: Agus Darmawan, Nur Rahmy Basry, Wahyuddin Wahyuddin
      Pages: 1 - 6
      Abstract: Toddler development can be disrupted if there are nutritional problems such as stunting. One of the factors that influence stunting is knowledge about nutrition and sanitation hygiene. Knowledge of maternal nutrition will affect children's food intake, while hygiene behavior is related to the incidence of infection in children. This study aims to determine the relationship between the incidence of stunting in children under five and mothers’ knowledge about nutrition and sanitation. This type of study was analytic observational with a cross-sectional study design. The number of samples in this study was 90 people in two villages (Laburunci and Dongkala villages, Pasarwajo sub-district, and Buton district). Sampling used the Non-Probability Sampling technique. The variable incidence of stunting was the dependent variable of this researcher, while the independent variable consisted of the mother's knowledge and sanitation hygiene. Univariate and bivariate data analysis with a chi-square test was carried out in this study. There was a relationship between the mother’s knowledge (p=0.000) and sanitation hygiene (p=0.000) of the incidence of stunting in the working area of the Banabungi Public Health Center. This study concluded that to prevent the toddler from stunting we need to increase the mother’s knowledge against stunting and efforts to improve sanitation hygiene to minimize the risk of infection which can affect the nutritional status of toddlers. Therefore, this study should be a base for the government to provide socialization about nutrition and hygiene sanitation to the community so that it can be applied in daily life.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i1.8060
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • RELATIONSHIP FAMILY AND MATERNAL FACTORS WITH INFANT AND YOUNG CHILD
           FEEDING AGE 6-23 MONTHS IN INDONESIA

    • Authors: Heidy Dayanti, Demsa Simbolon
      Pages: 7 - 13
      Abstract: The Infant and Young Child Feeding (IYCF) programs aim to improve the nutritional and health status, growth and development, and survival of children in Indonesia. Knowing the relationship between maternal factors and family factors in feeding infants and children under 6-23 months. This study used secondary data and analysis of the 2017 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS). The research design used was an analytic observational design using a cross-sectional type to determine the relationship between maternal factors and family factors in feeding infants and toddlers 6-23 months. The sample used is 4869 with a minimum sample of 790 samples. The unit of analysis for this study was all children who were born alive from all live births from mothers who had children under five years of age 6-23 months and children who were born alive and were the last child of a mother who had already had a birth. Data analysis used univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analysis. Multivariate analysis using multivariate logistic regression. The results found that most of the children had the practice of IYCF not according to the recommendations (72.2%). Factors related to IYCF practices are a place of residence, socioeconomic, parity, mother's education, and mother's age, while the most dominant factor related to IYCF practice is socioeconomic. It is necessary to improve education, socialization, and movements toward families, so that the community, especially mothers with children aged 6-23 months.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i1.8439
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • THE EFFECT OF SPIRITUAL EMOTIONAL FREEDOM TECHNIQUE (SEFT) ON ANXIETY
           DURING THE ACTIVE PHASE I LABOR

    • Authors: Lestari Puji Astuti, Ikha Siswiyanti, Sonhaji Sonhaji
      Pages: 14 - 20
      Abstract: Anxiety often occurs in maternity mothers and not being treated will have an impact on the mother's physical and psychological. As many as 9% of mothers who experience anxiety will increase pain and result in a long labor process. Therefore, it is necessary to take action by the midwife to control anxiety so that the delivery process runs smoothly. SEFT is a psycho-religious therapy that can reduce maternal anxiety without causing side effects. To determine the effect of SEFT on anxiety in maternity mothers during the active phase I. This is pre-experimental research with one group pre-post-test design. This study used purposive sampling. The statistical test used the dependent t-test. The average anxiety score before SEFT therapy was 24.44, with a minimum score was 20 and a maximum score was 29. The average anxiety score after SEFT therapy was 19.06, with a minimum score was 14 and a maximum score was 25. The results of the dependent t-test showed a p-value 0.000 (<0.05) which means that there is a difference in the average anxiety score before and after the application of SEFT. There is an effect of the Spiritual Emotional Freedom Technique (SEFT) on reducing maternal anxiety scores during the Active Phase I in the Dempet Health Center Work Area. The application of SEFT can increase the relaxation that can be obtained from conditions of solemnity, sincerity, resignation, confidence, and gratitude so that mothers can produce responses that can reduce anxiety during the delivery process.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i1.8468
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • QUALITY CONTROL OF PACKED RED CELL (PRC) PRODUCT IN BLOOD DONATION UNIT

    • Authors: Silvi Astutiningtiyas, Luthfi Rusyadi, Yeti Kartikasari
      Pages: 21 - 27
      Abstract: Blood Transfusion Service Standards aim to ensure the safety high quality and sufficient blood services sufficient blood reserve. The standard for blood requirements for each country according to WHO is at least 2% of the total population. The population in Indonesia has increased every year so the need for blood is also increasing causing demands for causing the quality of blood services to be better. One of the demands for the quality of blood services by knowing is to know the quality control of the blood produced. One of the blood products produced is PRC. PRC Packed Red Cells quality control checks must be carried out to determine the quality of the PRCs produced.  This study aims to determine the overall quality control of PRC and the results of PRC quality control based on (volume, hemoglobin, hematocrit, hemolysis, and bacterial contamination) in the Blood Donation Unit of Banyumas Regency in 2020. This type of research is descriptive. Sampling technique with a sample quota as much as the total sample quality control packed red cell test obtained 1% of the total production of PRC components every month in the Blood Donation Unit of Banyumas. The QC research results were obtained from 430 PRC samples that met the passing standards: 426 samples (99%) volume, 426 samples (99%) hemoglobin, 380 samples (88%) hematocrit, 429 samples (99.7%) hemolysis, and 426 samples (99%) passed from bacterial contamination. The number of QCs who qualified was 373 samples (87%). These results indicate that the 2020 PRC QC obtained good and satisfying results.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i1.8506
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • THE INFLUENCE-FACTOR OF CYCLING AS PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN ELDERLY POST
           COVID-19

    • Authors: Cahyo Setiawan, Suci Muqodimatul Jannah
      Pages: 28 - 32
      Abstract: As the age increases, the number of deaths caused by Covid-19 becomes prominent. In China, 3,6% of people aged 60-69 years died, followed by 8% of those aged 70-79 years because older people commonly experienced various comorbidities such as cardiovascular, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and hypertension. Therefore, if older people perform cycling consistently as an exercise, it would increase their immunity and derive long-term benefits. This study was a descriptive-quantitative study aimed to describe the factors that influence physical activity, specifically cycling, in aged-people post-Covid-19. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) has been used to collect the information. The results showed that 88,6% of elderly people cycle because they know about the importance of exercise in health. In terms of age, the people aged between 55 and 60 years old were dominated by cycling with 29% of them being female.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i1.8475
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • ANALYSIS BETWEEN ANIMATED VIDEO AND DENTAL PHANTOM IN TOOTH BRUSHING
           EDUCATION

    • Authors: I Ketut Harapan, Jeineke E. Ratuela, Salikun Salikun, Anneke A. Tahulending
      Pages: 33 - 39
      Abstract: Dental caries have been a problem in childhood. Poor knowledge causes poor dental hygiene. Health promotion is urged to conduct to give children of school age an understanding of how important is dental hygiene. Tooth brushing is a way to prevent dental caries. We initiated tooth brushing education research with a quasi-experimental design with a two-group pre-posttest design. The sample was taken with purposive sampling with 66 students in SDN Kalase, SDN Butong, and SDN Tateli located in a working area of Tateli Public Health Service, Minahasa, North Sulawesi, Indonesia. We employed animated video and dental phantom as the media and compare their effectiveness. First, we performed a normality test, the data is found not normally distributed. Hence, the Wilcoxon test was used to analyze whether the difference in the data exists, and the Mann-Whitney test was conducted to know whether the difference is significant. From the mean value of the Mann-Whitney test results, the effective of the methods is obtained. The results show that the Mann-Whitney test obtained Asymp. Sig (2 tailed) value of 0.000, less than a probability value of 0.005. Thus, there is a significant difference in knowledge level increase. The result of Mean value of a group with animated video is 49.26, higher than the dental phantom media group with only 17.74. So, in conclusion, animated video media is more effective than dental phantom media in improving students' knowledge level of tooth brushing.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i1.7089
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • THE EFFECT OF PHYSICAL CONDITIONS OF HOME AND WORK ENVIRONMENT ON THE
           EVENT OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS IN CONSTRUCTION WORKERS

    • Authors: Ade Maulida Gultom, Nurmaini Nurmaini, Fazidah Aguslina Siregar
      Pages: 40 - 47
      Abstract: Tuberculosis (TB) is a directly-infectious disease caused by tuberculosis bacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis) that are airborne through droplets or nuclei when a patient coughs and the saliva droplets containing the bacteria are inhaled by another person while breathing. The research investigates the effect of the physical conditions of the house and working environment on the pulmonary TB events among construction workers in the Asahan Regency. It is an analytic epidemiological survey with a case-control design, and involves examining the entire population amounting to 74 people: the first 37 suffered from pulmonary TB and worked as construction workers (case-group), and the other 37 didn't suffer from pulmonary TB and worked as construction workers (control-group). They were analyzed by using univariate analysis, bivariate analysis, and multivariate analysis. The results showed that the types of floor (p=0.040), lighting (p=0.027), wall (p=0.034), working lengths (p=0.102), and masks uses (p=0.000) have affected pulmonary TB events. In this case, the use of masks (p=0.003) was the most dominant variable. This study suggests counseling on healthy houses for families who are prone to pulmonary TB. Good types of lighting, floor, and wall can be useful in every house to reduce the risk of TB developing to last for a long period or leading to death.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i1.8258
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • FOOD RECALL MOBILE APPLICATION DESIGN AS A MEASURING TOOL FOR INDIVIDUAL
           AND FAMILY FOOD CONSUMPTION

    • Authors: Ni Nengah Asti Kartika Sari, Fajar Irianto, Anisa Tri Hutami
      Pages: 48 - 52
      Abstract: The information technology development has been used to create SITAMARI (daily food record system) that can be used as an assessment that correlates with a daily intake of food or the eating habit of the society that has been designed to be easy to use, efficient, and precise. The goals of this research were to design the SITAMARI application as the learning media of the Food Consumption Survey practice of the nutrition major's students. For now, the SITAMARI application is still in the development stage and thus hasn’t been launched online for a larger audience. This research used the quasi-experimental design of one group pre-test-post-test. Research subjects are 25 3rd-grade Diploma III Nutrition students, aged 18 – 25 years old, who have already understood 24 hours food recall method, and have a well-working Android smartphone. A pre-test questionnaire was given, followed respectively by the treatment and the same questionnaire as the post-test. Lastly, the Likert questionnaires about their perception after using the application were filled out. The statistical analysis using the paired sample t-test showed that t-calculated < t-table with a significant probability value of 0.00 < 0.05. It was concluded that the use of the application is effective in the students' learning. The user satisfaction survey showed the application was attractive in design and easy to use and increased knowledge in Food Consumption Survey. However, the results of the food recall calculation still need to be validated comparatively with the manual food recall format.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i1.8454
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • ANALYSIS OF FAMILY PLANNING DROPOUTS IN WOMEN OF REPRODUCTIVE AGE

    • Authors: Putra Apriadi Siregar, Nurhayati Nurhayati, Desty Adinda, Muhammad Ancha Sitorus, Robani Catursaptanie, Evalina Franciska Hutasoit
      Pages: 53 - 59
      Abstract: The Family Planning Program (FPP) is one of the strategies carried out by the government to suppress the increase in population growth. Unfortunately, women of reproductive age (WRA) often stop participating in FPP or drop it out, unaware of increasing the risk of conception. This study uses secondary data from the 2017 IDHS for 945 WRAs who have used modern FPP methods. It uses cross-tabulation to determine the distribution of husbands' approval regarding the FPP method, wanting more children, side effects of family planning, the role of family planning service providers, and the incidence of dropping out of FPP in North Sumatra Province. The results indicated that 238 out of 707 WRAs (25.8%) dropped out of FPP. The FPP dropping out in North Sumatra Province mostly occurred to WRAs who experienced side effects of FPP methods (238 WRAs) and who changed their minds to want more children (67 WRAs). The BKKBN of North Sumatra Province must provide training to FPP service providers on the side effects of the methods to improve their counseling skills, which must be used properly to serve the WRAs before they decide to use contraceptives.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i1.8449
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • COMPARATIVE EXAMINATION OF CONVENTIONAL DIRECT SPUTUM AND INDIRECT
           SEDIMENTATION ON CYTOSPIN TUBERCULOSIS PATIENT SPUTUM SAMPLES

    • Authors: Widodo Widodo, Devi Etivia Purlinda, Ahmad Riadi
      Pages: 60 - 66
      Abstract: Microscopic examination of sputum using the Ziehl-Neelsen stain is the gold standard for Tuberculosis (TB), but it must be performed by experts with special skills. The purpose of this study is to accelerate the determination of the microscopic results using the Ziehl-Neelsen stain. This research is an experimental method in which the test sample is treated and the sputum sample is controlled with up to 25 samples. The method development is very important to increase the sensitivity and specificity of the results of TB examination using microscopes. This observation shows that the indirect cytospin method has a narrower reading range on a circle with a diameter of only 7 mm, making it easier for a bacterial count compared to the traditional direct method with a size of 2 x 3 cm oval shape. The results of the microscopic examination were 21 positive specimens and 4 negative specimens. Mycobacterium tuberculosis with Ziehl-Neelsen staining gave the same results with a sensitivity and specificity of 100%.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i1.8406
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • CHEST X-RAY IN HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV) INFECTED-PEDIATRICS: A
           CASE SERIES REVIEW

    • Authors: Dhira Rizki Putri, Marichatul Jannah
      Pages: 67 - 74
      Abstract: In 2017, Indonesia had 4.950 new cases of HIV infection in pediatrics. In HIV, a chest x-ray is generally used to determine the Opportunistic Infections (OIs) to accelerate treatment. There are differences in the projections and the typical features on chest x-ray in each OI. The research aims to study the projections and the role of pediatric chest x-ray examination in HIV. This is a descriptive qualitative research design with a case series. In this series, 5 pediatric patients with HIV infection are described with tuberculosis, pneumonia, and bronchiectasis. A chest x-ray in pediatrics is the most accessible investigation for respiratory disease and has an important role in the initial assessment and the follow-up of respiratory disease in HIV-infected children. It is recommended that a pediatric chest x-ray should be carried out with PA projection to obtain more optimal results. Pediatrics with clinical HIV infection can employ chest x-rays to find typical features of bilateral hilar adenopathy in cases of TB, focal and multifocal parenchymal abnormalities in cases of pneumonia, or dilated and thickened airways that appear as ring shadows or tramways in bronchiectasis.
      PubDate: 2022-05-31
      DOI: 10.31983/jrk.v11i1.7670
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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