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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2528-9918
Published by Hacettepe University Homepage  [7 journals]
  • The Relationship between Nurses’ Views on Their Educator Role and
           Emotional Labor Behavior during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    • Authors: Sevim AKGÖZ; Dilek ŞEN, Prof.dr.hülya KAYA
      Abstract: Objective: During the COVID-19 pandemic, the educator role of nurses and the emotional labor behavior that they exhibit while providing care have gained more importance. This research aimed to examine the relationship between nurses’ views on their educator role and emotional labor behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic.Materials and Methods: This is descriptive and correlational research. The research sample included 336 nurses working in pandemic hospitals on the European side of Istanbul in Turkey. The research data were collected using an information form and the Emotional Labor Behavior Scale for Nurses (ELBSN) and were analyzed using the SPSS-22 software program. The arithmetic mean, standard deviation, minimum, maximum, and median values of continuous variables, as well as the frequency and percentages of categoric variables were calculated. In addition, the independent groups’ t-test, one-way variance analysis, and the Pearson correlation coefficient were used for the analysis. The results were evaluated at the 95% confidence interval at a p < 0.05 significance level.Results: The research found that nurses exhibited highly emotional labor behavior (3.88±.72) and they had a positive view regarding their educator role (7.42±1.80). In addition, there was a weak, positive, and statistically significant relationship between the nurses’ emotional labor behavior while doing their work and their educator role during the COVID-19 pandemic.Conclusion: While nurses’ attempt to carry out educator roles increases, their emotional behavior increases as well.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of Problem Behaviors of Preschool Children in Terms of
           Various Variables

    • Authors: Ceren YOLDAŞ; Haktan DEMİRCİOĞLU
      Abstract: Objectives: This study was conducted to examine the problem behaviors of preschool children in terms of parents' age, education level, income status, number of children, gender and age of the child, the presence of non-parent supporters in child care, and the child's birth order variables.Methods: The sample of the study consisted of 364 children and their parents registered in independent kindergartens and kin¬dergartens of primary schools affiliated to Ankara-Altındağ District National Education Directorate. The study group was determined using the simple random sampling method and the research was designed with the survey model, which is one of the quantitative research methods. Family Information Form and Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scale were used as data collection tools. Findings: It was found that the behavioral problems of preschool children did not differ significantly according to the age, education level, socieconomic status of the parents, the number of children, gender, age and the presence of supporters in child care whereas it was found that there was a statistically significant difference according to the birth order of the child.Conclusion: According to the findings, it was observed that the behavioral problems of the children did not differ significantly according to the other variables mentioned in the study, except for the birth order variable.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Adaptation of Ovarian Cancer Awareness Scale into Turkish: Validity and
           Reliability Study

    • Authors: Hilal EVGİN; Nevin HOTUN ŞAHİN
      Abstract: Objectives: This study aims to conduct a validity and reliability study by adapting the Ovarian Cancer Awareness Measure (OCAM) to Turkish.Materials and Methods: Data for the study were collected from an educational and research hospital by sampling 300 women. Introductory information form and OCAM were used to collect data. The data were collected in May-December 2019. After the language and scope validity of scale was provided, factor analysis was performed for construct validity. Cronbach Alpha and item-total score correlation and internal consistency were evaluated. For the proof of invariance with respect to time, the test used a retest method.Results: The mean age of the participants was 33.96 ± 10.57 years. The scale provided necessary language and scope validity. In order to ensure the goodness of fit in the confirmatory factor analysis conducted for the construct validity, modifications were made and all items achieved the required fit. As a result of reliability analyses, Cronbach Alpha values were calculated as 0.768 in the symptoms section and 0.837 in the risk factors section. The number of test retest correlation coefficients was found to be 0.808 for the symptoms section and 0.865 for the risk factors section.Conclusion: It was determined that the validity and reliability analyses of the Turkish version of the OCAM met all the criteria. It was found that it can be safely applied to the Turkish society.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Factors Affecting Physical Activity Level in Healthy Individuals During
           the COVID-19 Pandemic Period

      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the physical activity levels of healthy individuals and the factors affecting these levels during the Coronavirus-19 pandemic period. Materials and Methods: Individuals between the ages of 18 and 65 were included in the study. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire–Short Form, the Coronavirus-19 Phobia Scale, and the Physical Activity Barriers Questionnaire were used to assess the individuals. A decision tree model made using the Chi-Squared Automatic Interaction Detection Method was used to analyze how the variables explain the total physical activity score.Results: In this study, 267 individuals (199 females 74.53%, 68 males 25.47%) with a mean age of 26.71±9.67 were included. It was observed that 77.15% of the individuals did not have sufficient levels of physical activity. According to the decision tree analysis, gender was the factor that most differentiated the total physical activity scores of the participants (p<0.001). Physical activity levels of men were found to be higher than women. It was observed that the physical activity levels of women differed in accordance with the Personal subscale of the Physical Activity Barriers Questionnaire (p=0.002). Those who reported more personal barriers among women had lower physical activity levels.Conclusions: It was determined that most individuals had insufficient levels of physical activity, and gender and personal barriers were the most important determinants. Our study reveals that to increase the physical activity level of healthy individuals, it is necessary to focus on factors related to internal motivation.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Management of the Neuropathic Pain due to COVID-19: A Case Report

    • Authors: Emel TAŞVURAN HORATA; Hilal YEŞİL
      Abstract: Objectives: This study aimed to present the management of a case with neuropathic pain after COVID-19. Materials and Methods: A 27-year-old man presented to the hospital with a high fever, headache, dyspnea, and fatigue. COVID-19 test of the patient was positive and he started to be followed up at home. After the 8th week, the patient had complaints of difficulty in wearing his clothes, sensitivity to temperature changes, and allodynia and was referred to physiotherapy and rehabilitation with the diagnosis of neuropathic pain. Neuropathic pain screening tools and the Visual Analog Scale were used in the evaluation. Painful areas were mapped with Semmens Weinstein 15 g monofilament. In management, 6 weeks (twice a day, approximately 1 hour) of physiotherapy (classic massage and TENS) was applied with pregabalin. Results: Physiotherapy applications with Pregabalin decreased both pain severity and pain area.Conclusion: Physiotherapy applications are useful in neuropathic pain due to COVID-19. Further studies are needed.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Cerebral Palsy Awareness Study: The Case of Kayseri Province

    • Authors: Büşra KEPENEK VAROL; Özlem MENEVŞE
      Abstract: Objectives: In this study it was aimed to investigate the public awareness about cerebral palsy (CP) with example of Kayseri province. Materials and Methods: Three hundred eleven participants between ages of 18-68 residing in Kayseri were included. CP awareness was evaluated with the "Cerebral Palsy Awareness Questionnaire" (CPAQ) created by the authors. Research data were collected via online forms. For each itemin the questionnaire, the participants were asked to mark most appropriate option from 'yes' (Y), 'no' (N) or 'no idea' (NI).Results: The mean age of the participants was 33.5±12.6. When the items in CPAQ related to brain involvement, etiology, contagiousness, whether it is progressive or not, treatment, genetic transmission, walking ability, speaking ability, education and prognosis in CP were investigated, the item to which all participants gave the highest 'yes' answer (n=208; 66.9%) was "cerebral palsy is not a contagious disease"; the item to which they gave the highest "no" answer (n=139; 44.7%) was "cerebral palsy is not a progressive disease" and the highest "no idea" answer (n=164; 52.7%) was "cerebral palsy cannot be completely cured". When the answers of female (n=206) and male (n=105) genders were compared, it was seen that women gave more correct answers to all questions than men, and his difference was statistically significant in some items (p<0.05).Conclusion: According to the CPAQ results, the fact that a large number of participants marked the option "no idea" may give a clue that public awareness of CP is low. Considering the prevalence of CP in our country, it may be important to see perception of CP in community for the studies to be carried out to determine the deficiencies in social awareness and to eliminate the deficiencies in this direction. In this way, we believe that there will be an increase and convenience in reintegrating individuals with CP into society.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Effect of High and Recommended Amount Protein Diet on Body Composition
           and Performance with Strength Exercises

    • Authors: Abdulhakim KARATOPRAK; Nesli ERSOY, Gülgün ERSOY
      Abstract: Objectives: Aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of high protein and recommended amount protein diet given to young male who do strength exercise for bodybuilding on body composition and performance. Materials and Methods: Twenty-six volunteers who did strength exercises for 8 weeks, were included in the study and 11 of the participants were on recommended amount protein, 15 of them were on high protein diet. Results: The recommended amount protein group protein consumption is 1.97 g/kg/day in the 1st week, 1.98 g/kg/day in the 8th week, and the high protein diet group protein consumption is 2.63 g/kg/day in the 1st week and 2.58 g/kg/day in the 8th week. In order to evaluate the performance of the participants; they were asked to repeat 900 squats, sit-ups, push-ups, pull-ups and bench press tests (1-RM) at the beginning and the end of the study. The depending on the protein intake, the differences in muscle mass, at beginning and end of the study were found in the recommended amount protein and high protein diet groups, respectively; 1.08±0.71kg and 1.35±0.60kg, differences in fat mass; -1.26±1.92kg and -2.65±1.75kg, and the differences in body fat percentages were -1.07±1.78 and -3.01±1.90. The decrease in body fat percentage in the high protein diet group was statistically significant (p=0.006; p<0.05), although the increase in muscle mass was statistically insignificant, the difference in the 900 squat (p=0.032; p<0.05) and push ups (p=0.024; p<0.05), was found to be statistically significant. Conclusion: It has been determined that increasing quality protein sources to the diet with strength exercise protects body muscle mass and helps reduce fat mass.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Effects of Food Safety Training for Food Handlers on Food Safety
           Knowledge and Behaviors of Food Service System Workers

    • Authors: Tuğba Nur İNALKAÇ; Damla GÜMÜŞ, M.merve TENGİLİMOĞLU METİN, Mevlüde KIZIL
      Abstract: Objectives: The objectives of this study are to examine the effects of food safety training and the repetition of the trainings which were given to food handlers with different training methods on the food hygiene and food safety knowledge and behaviors.Materials and Methods: The study was carried out on the employees of three food services (A university cafeteria, a university hospital kitchen, and a non-governmental organization cafeteria). The effects of different training methods (Theoretical, on-the-job, both theoretical and on-the-job training) and training repetitions on the knowledge, behaviors and attitudes of the food handlers were evaluated with a questionnaire including training subjects before and after the training. Food safety knowledge were evaluated according to the "Foodborne pathogens and food poisoning", "Food thawing, cooking, reheating, and cooling", "Personal hygiene and cross contamination", "Food storage" subjects. Food safety attitudes and behaviors were assessed with questions related to "General hygiene practices", "Personnel hygiene", "Cross contamination" and "Food hygiene".Results: Total food safety knowledge of the food handlers who were trained with different methods increased after the training compared to the pre-training (p<0.001). The attitude and behavior scores increased only in the group that received both on-the-job and theoretical training (p<0.001), whereas the repetition of training did not affect the attitudes and behaviors of food handler’s food safety (p>0.05).Conclusion: Types and repetition of the training had effects on food safety knowledge and behaviors. Food safety training affects the level of food safety knowledge and behaviors positively, and the repetition of the training might make this effect more permanent.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Effect of Creative Drama Method on University Students'

    • Authors: Onur ALTUNTAŞ
      Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of creative drama method on the well-being of university students.Materials and Methods: This study was carried out with 16 students studying at Hacettepe University and taking the Creative Drama course. The sociodemographic information form and the Wellness Star Scale were applied to the students.Results: The average age of 16 students (4 male, 12 female) who participated in this study was 20.87 ± 2.55. While the average median score and interquartile range of the students' well-being were 89.5 and 9.75 before the creative drama education, it was determined as 97 and 9.25 after the education. The difference between the total score of the Wellness Star Scale and the median values of the pre-test and post-test obtained for the meaning of life-goal-oriented, cognitive and emotional sub-scale was statistically significant (p <.05). There was no statistically significant change in the physical and social sub-scales (p > .05). Conclusion: It is thought that the preparation of awareness programs and the provision of creative drama course in these universities, will make a significant contribution to the preparation of students for the future.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Relationship Between Nurses' 21st Century Skills and
           Self-Learning Readiness

      Abstract: Objectİves: Nurses working in a dynamic and complex system need to have many 21st century skills, including self-learning skills, in order to adapt to the developing and rapidly changing world, to health care services, to provide qualified health care services and to continue their lives productively.Materials and Methods: In the study, it was aimed to reveal the 21st century skills of nurses, their readiness for self-learning and the relationship between them. The research is in a cross-sectional, descriptive, relationship-seeking research design. The research was carried out with 418 nurses selected by random sampling method. In data collection; The Nurse Information Form was collected online using the Multidimensional 21st Century Skills Scale and the Self-Learning Readiness Scale. In the analysis of data, percentage, arithmetic mean, etc. In addition; Independent samples t-test, One-Way ANOVA, and between-group comparison tests (Benforini, Tukey) and correlation test were used.Results: In the study, nurses' 21st century skills are moderate, and their readiness for self-learning is slightly above average. There is a moderately positive relationship between nurses' 21st century skills and self-learning readiness. 21st century skills positively influence self-learning readiness.Conclusion: It can be suggested that nursing education programs should be structured in a way that will enable nursing students to gain/develop 21st century skills and self-learning readiness of nurses and continuous/in-service training activities.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation Of Neck Pain And Postural Features In Sewing Women

    • Authors: Fatma Betül DERDİYOK; Emre Serdar ATALAY
      Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of sewing activity on posture and cervical pain in women between the ages of 20-60. Materials and Methods: The research was carried out with 62 women between the ages of 20 and 60 who have sewn at least 3 hours a week for the last 6 months. The demographic information (age, occupation) of women, Neck Disability Index (NDI) and FIT (Frequency- Intense- Time) Score Index data were obtained online with a questionnaire. Anterior and lateral posture analyzes were scored on the New York Posture Assessment Test in online video interviews and face-to-face interviews. Results: The mean age of the women included in the study was 43.08 ± 10.18 years. Women working in sewing houses (n=29) and sewing in their own houses (n=33) participated in the study. The mean score for the Neck Disability Inquiry Index was 9.90 ± 6.52, the FIT score index score average was 17.56 ± 17.94, and the New York Posture Assessment Test mean score was 54.04 ±6.26. In addition, according to the results of posture evaluation, 58.1 % of the shoulders were uneven and 62.9 % of them were mild shoulder protraction; It was observed that 80.6 % of neck postures had head anterior tilt. It was observed that there was a negative correlation of 0.385 (p=0.01) between the postures of the women and the degree of neck disability.Conclusion: The neck disability level of the participants was found to be "mild disability", their physical activity level "sedentary", and their postures "very good". A negative correlation was observed between the participants’ posture and the degree of neck disability. It was observed that most of the participants had poor posture on their shoulder and neck vertebrae. For this reason, we think that we can focus on corrective approaches to the neck and shoulder postures of women who sew studies involving more participants are needed to examine the postures and neck pains of women who are sewing.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Validity and Reliability Study of the Turkish Form of the Health
           Personnel-Patient-Relationship Survey

    • Authors: Mustafa Sabri KOVANCI; Azize ATLI ÖZBAŞ, Eren Can KALKAN
      Abstract: Objectives: In this study, it was aimed to adapt the Health Personnel-Patient-Relationship Questionnaire to Turkish and determine its validity and reliability.Materıals and Methods The study, designed in a methodological type, was carried out with 320 nurses in online format between 01.09.2020-01.03.2021. The Turkish form of "Sociodemographic Information Form" and "Health Personnel-Patient-Relationship Questionnaire" were used to collect the data. The construct validity of the scale whose language and content validity was applied was determined by confirmatory factor analysis and explanatory factor analysis. The reliability of the scale was evaluated using the Cronbach's Alpha coefficient for all items and sub-dimensions, the split halt method, and the item-whole correlation.Results: Content validity index value of the scale was found to be 0.92. As a result of the confirmatory factor analysis, it was determined that the values were below acceptable limits and explanatory factor analysis was performed. As a result of the analysis, it was found that the single factor structure is valid in Turkish language and culture. The Cronbach Alpha coefficient of the scale is 0.92 for the total scale.Conclusion: It has been determined that the 16-item and one-sub-dimension structure of the Health Personnel-Patient-Relationship Questionnaire is a valid and reliable measurement tool that can be used in the self-assessment of the communication skills of healthcare professionals in Turkish language and culture.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Effect of Hydration on Distortion Product Otoacoustic Emission Values
           in Rats

    • Authors: Hale HANÇER; Belde ÇULHAOĞLU, Selim ERBEK, Seyra ERBEK
      Abstract: Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the changes that would appear in the inner ear acoustic characteristics of dehydrated and overhydrated rats through distortion product otoacoustic emission (DPOAE). Materials and Methods: The study was conducted with 24 male Sprague Dawey rats. After otoacoustic examinations of the rats were made under general anesthesia, their blood samples were taken, weights were measured. Then, the rats were divided into three groups as dehydration group, overhydration group and control group. Distortion product otoacoustic emission measurements were repeated after 72 hours, and the results were compared. Results: There were no significant differences in the first measurements between three groups in terms of (p>0.05). Weight and osmolarity values differed significantly in the dehydration and overhydration groups following the fluid intake change (p<0.05), but in the control group (p> 0.05). There was a significant decrease in the SNRs at 4004 Hz, 7998 Hz and 9854 Hz frequencies of the overhydration group (p<0.05). On the other hand, there were no significant changes in the DPOAE SNR dB values of the dehydration and control groups (p>0.05). Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that overhydration in rats may change DPOAE values.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Turkish Version of General and Sports Nutrition Knowledge Scale: Validity
           and Reliability Study for High School and University Students

    • Authors: Öykü ALTINOK; Hülya GÜVENÇ
      Abstract: Objectives: Studies emphasizing the effects of nutrition on health and quality of life draw attention to adolescence and young adulthood. Deficiencies in general nutritional knowledge among young people cause unhealthy eating habits. In particular young people doing sports endanger their health with inappropriate diets. Accordingly, a valid and reliable scale was developed by to measure the general and sports nutrition knowledge of adolescents and young adults. In this study, it is aimed to determine validity and reliability of The Turkish Version of General and Sports Nutrition Knowledge Scale and present it for the use of researchers.Materials and Methods: The General and Sports Nutrition Knowledge Scale which was developed by Calella, Lacullo, and Valerio (2017), was adapted to the Turkish language and its validity and reliability were determined. The study was carried out with the participation of 538 high school and 509 university students.Results: In the Turkish version of the General and Sports Nutrition Knowledge Scale, two items in the original scale were excluded because their discrimination was low. The Cronbach Alpha reliability coefficients of the scale were determined as α=0.92 for the high school, α=0.90 for the university group in the General Nutrition section and α=0.89 for the high school, α=0.87 for the university group in the Sports Nutrition section. For the whole scale, it was calculated as α=0.94 in the high school and α=0.92 in the university group. Conclusion: The Turkish version of the General and Sports Nutrition Knowledge Scale is a valid and reliable scale to measure the general and sports nutrition knowledge of adolescents and young adults.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Examination of Learning Styles, Lifelong Learning Competencies and
           Attitudes towards Blended Learning of Students of the Physiotherapy and
           Rehabilitation: The Sample of Hacettepe University

    • Authors: Mert DOĞAN; Muhammed KILINÇ, Sibel AKSU YILDIRIM
      Abstract: Objective: Emerging technology and social developments reveal the need for some innovations in teaching models and student-teacher interaction in education. In this direction, the aim of the research was to provide students of the Hacettepe University, Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation (PTR); to define their learning styles, lifelong learning perspectives and attitudes towards blended learning and to examine the relationship between them.Materials and Methods: The demographic information, level of class, academic success of the students who voluntarily agreed to participate in the research were recorded through the "general evaluation form", their learning styles were recorded through the Kolb Learning Styles Inventory (KLS-III), their competencies specific to lifelong learning skills were recorded through the Lifelong Learning Competencies Scale (LLCS) and their attitudes towards online, face-to-face and blended education were recorded through the Effectiveness of Blended Learning Environments Scale (EBLES). The questionnaires sent by using “Google Forms”.Results: The research was completed with the participation of 229 students. 79,4% of the students were female and 20,6% were male. Learning styles of students was determined as the type that divergers 58.1%, assimilators 14.4%, convergers 7.9% and accomodators 19.7%. Learning styles were not found to be correlated to the LLCS and EBLES scores (p<0.05). Students that used abstract comprehension during learning performed worse academic success. A statistically significant and moderately strong correlation was found between students' LLCS levels and attitudes to EBLES (p<0.05).Conclusions: In terms of lifelong learning skills, it was seen that the students had intermediate-high-level competence. In addition, students were found to have positive attitudes towards face-to-face, online and blended learning environments. The data obtained from our research shows that PTR students, regardless of the learning environment, can learn more easily, effectively, and efficiently with course contents that include the problem-solving approach, case scenarios and / or simulations indirectly.
      PubDate: Sat, 31 Dec 2022 00:00:00 +030
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