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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2528-9918
Published by Hacettepe University Homepage  [7 journals]
  • Comparision of Video Head Impulse Test Findings Before and After Therapy
           Maneuvers in Individuals with Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo

    • Authors: Ercan KARABABA; Haci Hüseyin DERE, Doç.dr.banu MÜJDECİ, Erkan KARATAŞ
      Abstract: Objective: To investigate the significance of vHIT (Video Head Impulse Test) in determining the efficacy of therapeutic maneuvers in individuals with posterior semicircular canal (SCC) BPPV. Materials and Methods: The study included 25 patients with posterior SCC BPPV (Study Group), 30 healthy individuals (Control Group). All individuals underwent otorhinolaryngologic examination, audiological evaluation, videonystagmography, vHIT and completed Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). Modified Epley Maneuver was performed 3 times at an interval of 3 days. The vHIT, DHI and VAS were re-administered to these individuals 1 week after improvement was detected in positional nystagmus. Results: There was no significant difference between the study and control groups in terms of vHIT gains for all bilateral SCCs before therapeutic maneuver (p>0.05). In the study group, there was no significant difference between vHIT gains of all bilateral SSCs before and after therapeutic maneuvers (p>0.05). No asymmetry or refixation saccades (overt and covert) were observed in any of the individuals in both groups during all measurements. Compared to before therapeutic maneuvers, there was a significant decrease in dizziness-related disability level assessed by DHI and intensity of dizziness assessed by VAS in the study group after the improvement (p<0.001). Conclusion: It was found that vHIT was not a diagnostic test in BPPV and in terms of evaluating the efficacy of therapeutic maneuvers. Subjective evaluations determining the intensity of dizziness and level of dizziness-related disability in BPPV provided supportive information in diagnosis and in determining the efficacy of therapeutic maneuvers.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Nurses in Managing
           Incontinence-Associated Dermatitis Questionnaire: Turkish Validity and
           Reliability Study

    • Authors: Münevver SÖNMEZ; Serap KORKMAZ, Öznur GÜRLEK KISACIK
      Abstract: Objectives: This study was aimed to examine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Nurses in Managing Incontinence-Associated Dermatitis Questionnaire.Material and Methods: The sample of the study, which was planned as a methodological study, consisted of 272 intensive care and palliative nurses. The Translation-back translation technique was used for the language equivalence of the scale. For the validity study of the scale, content validity was calculated based on expert opinions. Explanatory and confirmatory factor analysis was used for construct validity. Test-retest correlation. item-total score correlation and Cronbach's alpha coefficient were used in the reliability analysis of the scale.Results: The content validity of the Turkish version of the scale was appropriate (CVI=0.95). The total Cronbach's alpha coefficient for the scale was 0.92, and the item-total score correlations were between 0.33 and 0.72. In confirmatory factor analysis, it was confirmed that the scale consisted of four factors that explained 63.55% of the total variance. Construct validity was supported by a factor load range of 0.62-0.83. It was determined that the scale consisted of 20 items and 4 sub-dimensions.Conclusion: The findings obtained from the analyzes performed for the adaptation of the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Nurses in Managing Incontinence-Associated Dermatitis Questionnaire to the Turkish society show that the Turkish version of the scale is a reliable and valid four-dimensional tool for examining nurses' knowledge, attitudes and practices about incontinence-related dermatitis.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Perceptions of Subliminal Sexism Messages and Sexism Attitudes of Faculty
           of Health Sciences Students

    • Authors: Güzin Yasemin TUNÇAY; Pınar ÇİÇEKOĞLU ÖZTÜRK
      Abstract: Objectives: This study was aimed to determine sexist attitudes of students from the faculty of health sciences and to determine the situations in which they perceive sexist messages existing in daily life.Materials and Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted with students from a university's faculty of health school between December 2018-January 2019. The Personal Information Form and the Ambivalent Sexism Scale was used to collect the data, and the participants were watched the video “What Do Women Want”. In the analysis of the sociodemographic data number, percentage, t- test in independent groups and one-way ANOVA test in comparisons in more than two groups were used.Results: Mean age of students participating in the study was 20,39±1,86. 62% of students were women; 29,5% of them was 1st graders, 79,5%'s mothers were primary school graduates and 89% were housewives, 52%'s fathers were primary school graduates and 58,5% were working freelancers. 80,5% of students rated their socio-economic status as moderate. According to the data obtained in the study, male students had higher scores from hostile sexism and protective patriarchy than female students. The benevolent patriarchal average of students whose father is elementary school graduates was found to be higher than those of high school and university graduates. In addition, a statistically significant difference was found between the students who think that cooking is a woman's duty and those who think that it is a common task that should be done by men and women, are sub-dimensions of the scale which in terms of the "hostile sexism, heterosexual intimacy, protective patriarchy and complementary differentiation between genders" subscale score of difference between their mean scores were statistically significant.Conclusion: In the study, it was determined that students who were not aware of sexist messages were in a more sexist attitude; accordingly, they were more affected by sexist messages.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Comparison of the Effects of Mid-Morning Snacks Prepared with Chia,
           Amaranth and Quinoa Seeds on Short-Term Satiety and Energy Intake

    • Authors: Aslı AKYOL MUTLU; Cansu ÇETİN KARAKAŞ, Elif İNAN-EROĞLU, Gülhan SAMUR, Aylin AYAZ
      Abstract: Objectives: The pseudo-cereals chia, amaranth, and quinoa have received increasing attention due to their advantageous nutritional features in recent years. However, their influence on subjective satiety and consecutive energy intake in humans is mainly unknown. The purpose of this research was to determine whether subjective food consumption and satiety during an open buffet meal were different after consuming test meals prepared with chia, amaranth, or quinoa seeds. Materials and Methods: Subjects (n=35) were given four mid-morning snacks in a randomized cross-over design. On various test days, participants received plain yogurt (CON), yogurt containing 14 g of chia (CHI), amaranth (AMA), or quinoa (QUI). After subjects were told to report visual analogue scale (VAS) scores on sensory outcomes, they were provided an ad libitum meal and their energy intake was recorded.Results: VAS scores were similar between the test meals. Area under curve data of VAS scores indicated similar hunger, satiety, prospective food consumption and amount of food that could be consumed between the study groups. On the other hand, the area under curve data of desire for sugary snacks was significantly lower in QUI in comparison to CON and CHI. Individuals in all groups had similar energy intake during ad libitum lunch. No difference was determined between chia, amaranth, and quinoa test meals. Conclusion: Iso-caloric test meals prepared with yogurt and chia, amaranth, or quinoa seeds showed similar effects on ad libitum energy intake and subjective appetite sensations. 
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Evaluation of Nutritional Literacy of Women Living in Rural Areas

    • Authors: Sevcan TOPÇU; Hilal TORPİL
      Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the nutritional literacy of women living in rural areas and the affecting factors. Materials and Methods: The sample of this descriptive study consisted of 327 women living in rural areas. Data were collected with the Introductory Information Form and Evaluation Instrument of Nutrition Literacy on Adults. Descriptive statistics and regression analysis were used in the analysis of the data. Results: The mean age of the women participating in the study was 36,97±11,25 years. Of women, 70% are married, 68,8% have children and 40,1% are secondary school graduates. The mean score of Evaluation Instrument of Nutrition Literacy on Adults for women was 23,66±4,54. As a result of the regression analysis, it was found that the variables of marital status (p<0,05), education status (p<0,05) and having a diagnosed disease (p<0,05) positively affected the nutritional literacy of women, while age (p<0,05) and smoking status (p<0,05) negatively affected women's nutritional literacy. Conclusions: It has been found that women living in rural areas have borderline nutritional literacy in the sections of nutritional literacy, general nutritional knowledge, reading comprehension and interpretation, and food groups, to have insufficient nutritional literacy information in portion amounts, food label and numerical literacy sections.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of the Child-Rearing Experiences of Mothers Who are Child
           Development Specialist

    • Authors: Çiğdem AYTEKİN
      Abstract: Objectives: Motherhood is a critical transition period that brings with many responsibilities, new roles and a process of change. Child-rearing behaviors can be affected by some factors. One of these factors can be considered as knowledge about child development. In this study, it was aimed to reveal what kind of difficulties the child development specialist mothers have in the process of raising their children and what they think about the possible effects of the profession in raising children.Materials and Methods: The study was planned in qualitative research methods. 25 mothers, who were determined by the criterion and snowball sampling method, participated in the study. The data of the study were collected through a questionnaire created by the researcher. The data obtained from the research were analyzed with the content analysis method, and the emerging themes and codes were presented through models.Results: According to the findings, mothers had the most difficulty in the 0-1 age period; the subjects they had the most difficulty with at the age of 0-1 were sleep, stubbornness at the age of 1-3, and setting boundaries and adaptation to school at the age of 3-6. Mothers stated the possible effects of their professional knowledge as being able to better cope with developmental processes and plan practices that support development. Conclusion: It was concluded that mothers had difficulties in the process of raising children, like other mothers, that they could sometimes make practices that contradicted their professional knowledge, and that being a mother affected their professional perspectives positively. 
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Evaluation of Hearing Loss and Balance Skills in Geriatric Individuals: A
           Retrospective Study

    • Authors: Öznur YİĞİT; Nizamettin Burak AVCI, Songül AKSOY
      Abstract: Objective: Age-related hearing and balance loss are common health problems in geriatric individuals. In our study, it was aimed to examine the hearing loss and balance skills of individuals aged 65 years and older who admitted to the Audiology clinic. Materials and Methods: In the study, hearing and balance test results of individuals aged 65 years and older who had age-related hearing loss (presbycusis) and balance problems were retrospectively scanned and analyzed. Pure tone audiometry and sensory organization test (SOT) parameters were examined. Individuals were classified according to their degree of hearing loss and compared with SOT results. Results The median and interquartile range values of somatosensory, visual, vestibular, visual preference, and composite scores in SOT for all individuals were 97±6, 73±18, 53±38, 96±11, and 68±21, respectively. A statistical difference was found between the groups in the SOT status 4, status 5, status 6, visual, vestibular, composite and strategy analysis scores (p<0.001). There was a moderate negative correlation between pure tone averages and visual, compound and strategy analysis scores, and a high negative correlation in the vestibular score (p <0.001). Conclusion: As the degree of hearing loss increased, SOT scores decreased. It was observed that balance skills of geriatric individuals with moderate-to-severe and severe hearing loss decreased significantly compared to other groups. The body sway of geriatric individuals with hearing loss increase and their postural balance is impaired compared to geriatric individuals with normal hearing. It is important to evaluate balance skills as well as vestibular functions in order to improve the quality of life and prevent falls, especially in geriatric individuals with age-related hearing loss.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • The Effect of Different Noise Maskers and Speech Understanding in Noise on
           Auditory Cortical N1 Response

    • Authors: Yasemin BOSTAN; Mehmet YARALI
      Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of different noise types at different signal to noise ratios(SNR) on sound onset and sound change evoked N1 responses among normal hearing individuals with different speech in noise abilities.Materials and Methods: 30 participants aged between 18-30 are included in the study. Participants were divided into two groups based on median value of the scores obtained in speech in noise test. In electrophysiological measurements the stimulus /ui/ was presented in quiet, and in white noise and ICRA noise under two SNRs. Sound onset and sound change evoked N1 latencies and N1-P2 amplitudes were compared between conditions and groups.Results: White sound onset N1 latencies were prolonged in both noise types under both SNRs, N1-P2 amplitudes were lower in ICRA noise under both SNR conditions compared to quiet. Latencies and amplitudes at the same SNR under ICRA noise were higher and lower respectively compared to white noise. Sound change N1 latencies were higher at +10dB SNR ICRA noise and +5dB SNR white noise compared to quiet, N1-P2 amplitudes were lower at ICRA +5dB, +10dB SNR and at white noise +5dB SNR compared to quiet. In between group comparisons sound onset N1-P2 amplitudes of group-2 were higher than group-1 at white noise +5dB SNR, no relationship between speech in noise scores and cortical responses was found. Conclusion: The presence of noise change the sound onset and sound change N1 responses, the effect of noise types changes based on the evoked response.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Effectiveness of Early-stage Neurodevelopmental Treatment Following Brain
           Tumor Surgery

    • Authors: Ceyhun TÜRKMEN; Sevil BİLGİN, İlke KESER, Burak ERTÜRK, Nezire KÖSE, Kamil ÖGE
      Abstract: Objectives: This study aimed to examine the effectiveness of the early-stage neurodevelopmental treatment (NDT) concept after brain tumor surgery and compare the results with those of acute stroke patients. Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study that analyzed baseline hospitalization data and scores for motor function, activities of daily living (ADL), and cognitive status, recorded immediately after hospitalization and before discharge from acute stroke patients and patients with brain tumors undergoing surgery. An Early-stage NDT program was applied to both patient groups.Results: 16 brain tumor patients matched with 16 acute stroke patients according to gender, and lesion sides. The length of stay in the rehabilitation of the patients with brain tumors was longer compared to the stroke patients. The within-group comparison revealed significant improvements in total The Stroke Rehabilitation Assessment of Movement Measure (STREAM), and STREAM subscales in the brain tumor group, and the stroke group (p<0.05). The median gains score between admission and discharge rehabilitation on the total STREAM, STREAM subscales, and the Functional Independence Measure was similar in the brain tumor group and stroke group (p>0.05). The median gain score in the Mini-Mental State Examination score between admission, and discharge rehabilitation was greater in the brain tumor group (p<0.05).Conclusion: The early postoperative NDT approach to patients with brain tumors can improve ADL, motor, and cognitive functions, similar to results shown in stroke patients.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of the Relationship Between Social Anxiety and Aggression in
           Adults with Hearing Loss

    • Authors: Mert KILIÇ; Filiz YAĞCI, Zahra POLAT
      Abstract: Objective: Our research aims to investigate the relationships between social anxiety and aggression of adults with hearing loss and, to examine social anxiety and aggression in terms of many variables.Materials and Methods: 118 volunteers with hearing loss between the ages of 18-60, who were reached through various institutions or the internet, were included in the study. The study data were collected using the Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire (BPAQ), the Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS) and the Demographic Information Form. In the statistical analysis, appropriate parametric or non-parametric tests were used according to the distribution of the data.Results: In the results of our study, weak positive correlations were found between the BPAQ and LSAS scores of adults with hearing loss (p<0.01). In addition, it was observed that gender had an effect on aggression, it did not affect social anxiety, and males had more verbal and physical aggression (p<0.05). Individuals using hearing aids or cochlear implants were found to have higher levels of hostility than those who did not use them (p=0.051). While the increase in education level from secondary school decreases the level of verbal aggression; the aggression level of those whose income level is below the minimum wage was found to be the highest (p<0.05).Conclusion: Hearing loss affects the level of social anxiety and aggression in terms of many variables. It may be beneficial to provide psychological support for people with hearing loss who show a high level of aggression and social anxiety.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
  • Investigation of Pandemic Perceptions of Children Attending Preschool
           Education During the COVID-19 Pandemic Process

    • Authors: S.seda BAPOĞLU DÜMENCİ; Emin DEMİR
      Abstract: Objective: With the decision taken by the Ministry of National Education within the scope of combating the COVID-19 virus in our country, face-to-face education was suspended as of March 16, 2020, and it was decided to continue face-to-face education on June 1, 2020, depending on the course of the pandemic. In this study, it was aimed to determine the perception of the pandemic of the children who attended full-time preschool education face-to-face during the pandemic period.Materials and Methods: Within the scope of the study, one instrumental case study design, one of the qualitative research methods, was preferred for the pandemic perception of children.. Interview forms and pictures of children were used as data collection tools.Results: The findings were examined under the headings of change and reaction experienced by children regarding the pandemic process. When the themes related to the change title were examined, various themes such as the mask brought by the pandemic, the distance, the increasing need for hygiene, as well as not bringing toys to school and not doing activities, which affect the lives of children, were obtained. In the response title, the themes of fear, curiosity, sadness and surprise emerged.Conclusion: The pandemic has deeply affected the daily life of children as well as adults. It can be said that children attending pre-school institutions need psychosocial support in the context of the changes they experience and their reactions.
      PubDate: Wed, 31 Aug 2022 00:00:00 +030
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