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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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Current Developments in Nutrition
Number of Followers: 6  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2475-2991
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [419 journals]
  • Correction to: Maternal Circadian Rhythm and Its Association With Meal
           Timing and Density: A Prospective Cohort Study

    • Abstract: This is a Correction To: Satvinder Kaur, Normina Ahmad Bustami, Takahashi Masaki, Nurul Husna Mohd Shukri, Siti Raihanah Shafie, Shigenobu Shibata, Ai Ni Teoh, Maternal Circadian Rhythm and Its Association With Meal Timing and Density: A Prospective Cohort Study, Current Developments in Nutrition, Volume 6, Issue Supplement_1, June 2022, Page 124, https://doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzac051.040.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Sep 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac137
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • Correction to: Viability of Free and Encapsulated Lactobacillus rhamnosus
           GG and Their Effect On Physical, Chemical and Sensory Properties of Kunnu
           During Ambient Storage

    • Abstract: This is a Correction To: Olufunke Ezekiel, Modupeola Oguntoye, Goldlyn Agoha, Viability of Free and Encapsulated Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG and Their Effect On Physical, Chemical and Sensory Properties of Kunnu During Ambient Storage, Current Developments in Nutrition, Volume 6, Issue Supplement_1, June 2022, Page 510, https://doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzac077.013.
      PubDate: Wed, 21 Sep 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac141
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • Strengthening Maternal, Infant, and Young Child Nutrition Training and
           Counseling in Ghana: A Community-Based Approach

    • Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundEvidence-based maternal, infant, and young child nutrition (MIYCN) counseling provides caregivers essential nutrition education to optimize infant and young child feeding practices and subsequently improve child growth and development. Effective integration of responsive feeding (RF) into current MIYCN training requires working with priority communities.ObjectivesStudy objectives were to 1) assess MIYCN knowledge and practices among Ghanaian caregivers, 2) identify factors influencing RF/responsive parenting (RP) among Ghanaian caregivers, 3) identify barriers and facilitators influencing MIYCN training and counseling among Ghanaian health care providers, and 4) document recommendations for integrating an RF curriculum into the existing MIYCN training.MethodsThis was a qualitative study, conducted within the Central Region of Ghana, based on 1) 6 focus groups with caregivers of young children (<36 mo; n = 44) and 2) in-depth interviews with health care providers (n = 14). Focus group transcripts were coded independently, consensus was reached, and a final codebook developed. The same coding process and thematic analysis were applied to the in-depth interviews.ResultsCaregivers identified 3 domains influencing the primary outcome of RF/RP knowledge and practices and the secondary outcome of MIYCN: 1) health care provider counseling; 2) support from family, friends, and community members; and 3) food safety knowledge and practice. Providers identified barriers to MIYCN provider training as well as caregiver counseling which included limited access to financial and counseling resources and limited qualified staff to deliver infant and young child feeding counseling. Identified facilitators included availability of funding and counseling staff with adequate resources. Health care providers strongly endorsed integrating an RF curriculum into MIYCN training and counseling along with providing RF training and distribution of RF materials/tools to facilities.ConclusionsHealth care providers directly influenced RF/RP practices through MIYCN counseling. Strengthening MIYCN counseling through the integration of an RF curriculum into MIYCN training is desired by the community.
      PubDate: Wed, 14 Sep 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac127
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • Indigenous Foods to Address Malnutrition: An Inquiry into the Diets and
           Nutritional Status of Women in the Indigenous Community of Munda Tribes of
           Jharkhand, India

    • Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundIndigenous people globally experience poor nutrition outcomes, with women facing the greater burden. Munda, a predominant tribe in Jharkhand, India, live in a biodiverse food environment but yet have high levels of malnutrition.ObjectivesTo assess diets and the nutritional status of Munda tribal women and explore associations with their Indigenous food consumption, dietary diversity, and socioeconomic and demographic profiles.MethodsA cross-sectional study with a longitudinal component to capture seasonal dietary intake was conducted in 11 villages of the Khunti district, Jharkhand. Household surveys and FFQs, supplemented with 2-d 24-h dietary recall and anthropometric assessments on 1 randomly selected woman per household were conducted.ResultsLimited access to diverse foods from a natural food environment (Food Accessed Diversity Index score of 0.3 ± 0.3) was observed. More than 90% women in both seasons had usual nutrient intakes below the estimated average requirements for all nutrients except protein and vitamin C; 35.5% of women were underweight. The mean Minimum Dietary Diversity Score among women (MDDS) was low [2.6 ± 0.6 in wet monsoon; 3 ± 0.7 in winters (acceptable ≥5)]. Higher MDDS contributed to higher usual nutrient intakes (P <0.001). Indigenous food intakes in both seasons (wet monsoon and winter) were low, e.g. Indigenous green leafy vegetables [10.5 and 27.8% of the recommended dietary intake (RDI), respectively], other vegetables (5.2% and 7.8% of RDI, respectively), and fruits (5.8 and 22.8% of RDI, respectively). Despite low intakes, the Indigenous food consumption score was positively associated with usual intake of vitamin A, riboflavin, vitamin C, pyridoxine, and calcium (P < 0.05) in the wet monsoon and thiamine, riboflavin, and zinc (P < 0.001) in winters. After adjusting for covariates, Indigenous food consumption was associated with a higher usual intake of vitamin A (P  < 0.001) in the wet monsoon season.ConclusionContextual food-based interventions promoting Indigenous foods and increasing dietary diversity have the potential to address malnutrition in Munda women.
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Sep 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac102
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • Correction to: Food Security, Household Size and Anemia Status Among
           Malaysian Urban Poor Adolescents During the Pandemic

    • Abstract: This is a Correction To: Satvinder Kaur, Nik Norasma Che'Ya, Wan Ying Gan, Choon Hui Tan, Janice Ee Fang Tay, Serene En Hui Tung, Food Security, Household Size and Anemia Status Among Malaysian Urban Poor Adolescents During the Pandemic, Current Developments in Nutrition, Volume 6, Issue Supplement_1, June 2022, Page 123, https://doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzac051.039
      PubDate: Tue, 13 Sep 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac126
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • Quality of Popular Diet Patterns in the United States: Evaluating the
           Effect of Substitutions for Foods High in Added Sugar, Sodium, Saturated
           Fat, and Refined Grains

    • Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundMany Americans have adopted popular diet patterns for general health improvement that restrict specific foods, macronutrients, or eating time. However, there is limited evidence to characterize the quality of these diet patterns.ObjectivesThis study 1) evaluated the quality of popular diet patterns in the United States and 2) modeled the effect of targeted food substitutions on diet quality.MethodsDietary data from 34,411 adults ≥20 y old were acquired from the NHANES, 2005–2018. Dietary intake was assessed using the National Cancer Institute's usual intake methodology, and the Healthy Eating Index-2015 was used to evaluate diet quality. A diet model was used to evaluate the effect of targeted food substitutions on diet quality.ResultsA pescatarian diet pattern had the highest diet quality (65.2; 95% CI: 64.0, 66.4), followed by vegetarian (63.0; 95% CI: 62.0, 64.0), low-grain (62.0; 95% CI: 61.6, 62.4), restricted-carbohydrate (56.9; 95% CI: 56.6, 57.3), time-restricted (55.2; 95% CI: 54.8, 55.5), and high-protein (51.8; 95% CI: 51.0, 62.7) diet patterns. Modeled replacement of ≤3 daily servings of foods highest in added sugar, sodium, saturated fat, and refined grains with alternative foods led to an increase in diet quality and a decrease in energy intake for most diet patterns.ConclusionsLow diet quality was observed for all popular diet patterns evaluated in this study. Modeled dietary shifts that align with recommendations to choose foods lower in added sugar, sodium, saturated fat, and refined grains led to modest improvements in diet quality and larger reductions of energy intake. Greater efforts are needed to encourage the adoption of dietary patterns that emphasize consumption of a variety of high-quality food groups.
      PubDate: Mon, 12 Sep 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac119
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • Beneficiary and Local Stakeholder Participation in Community-Based
           Nutrition Interventions

    • Abstract: ABSTRACTBeneficiary and local stakeholder participation is an essential element to the success of community-based nutrition interventions. We sought to define active participation and review the available evidence on beneficiary and local stakeholder participation in community-based nutrition interventions in Africa. From reviewing the literature, we provide a reflective assessment on the process and findings. Participation falls on a continuum of community involvement from passive (no real involvement) to empowerment and community ownership (full active involvement). However, we found a clear gap in the research on defining active participation and identifying what constitutes active participation on behalf of beneficiaries and local stakeholders. However, progress was found; evidence included the use of participatory methods to engage beneficiaries and local stakeholders in the assessment and design phase. Beneficiary and local stakeholder participation in delivering interventions has moved forward with quantitative measures from process evaluation and implementation science. Research has started on the extent of beneficiary engagement (as recipients) and connecting this to outcomes. Evaluation has benefited from qualitative inquiry with insights from participants on engagement itself, and the barriers and facilitators to engagement. Yet questions remain in each study phase around defining and quantifying active participation and in understanding the personal, social, and motivational elements of active participation. We offer a simple framework to stimulate thought and commitment to research on participation in community-based nutrition interventions.
      PubDate: Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac131
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • Frequency of Eating in the US Population: A Narrative Review of the 2020
           Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee Report

    • Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundA person's daily nutrient intake and overall nutritional status are determined by a complex interplay of the types and amounts of foods ingested in combination with the timing and frequency of eating.ObjectivesThe aim was to summarize frequency of eating occasion data examined by the 2020 Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee, the macronutrient contributions they provide, and meal frequency relative to dietary quality among the US population (≥2 y), with a focus on sex, age, race/Hispanic origin, and income.MethodsDemographic and 24-h recall data from the 2013–2016 NHANES were examined. An eating occasion was defined as “any ingestive event (e.g., solid food, beverage, water) that is either energy yielding or non-energy yielding”; all eating occasions were further divided into discrete meals and snacks. Frequency of meals and snacks was defined as “the number of daily EOs [eating occasions],” respectively. Diet quality was assessed via the Healthy Eating Index (HEI)–2015.ResultsMost Americans consume 2 (28%) to 3 (64%) meals on a given day and >90% consume 2 to 3 snacks on that day. Adult, Hispanic, and non-Hispanic Black and lower-income (<131% family poverty-to-income ratio) Americans had a lower frequency of eating than children or adolescents, non-Hispanic White, and non-Hispanic Asian Americans and higher-income Americans, respectively. Americans who reported 3 meals on a given day consumed a diet higher in dietary quality than Americans who consumed 2 meals on a given day (HEI-2015: 61.0 vs. 55.0), regardless of population subgroup.ConclusionsThe frequency of the types of eating occasions differs according to age, race and Hispanic origin, and income. Dietary quality is associated with the number of meals consumed. Healthy dietary patterns can be constructed in a variety of ways to suit different life stages, cultural practices, and income levels; improved diet quality and careful consideration of nutrient density when planning meals are warranted.
      PubDate: Mon, 29 Aug 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac132
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • Toward Systems Models for Obesity Prevention: A Big Role for Big Data

    • Abstract: ABSTRACTThe relation among the various causal factors of obesity is not well understood, and there remains a lack of viable data to advance integrated, systems models of its etiology. The collection of big data has begun to allow the exploration of causal associations between behavior, built environment, and obesity-relevant health outcomes. Here, the traditional epidemiologic and emerging big data approaches used in obesity research are compared, describing the research questions, needs, and outcomes of 3 broad research domains: eating behavior, social food environments, and the built environment. Taking tangible steps at the intersection of these domains, the recent European Union project “BigO: Big data against childhood obesity” used a mobile health tool to link objective measurements of health, physical activity, and the built environment. BigO provided learning on the limitations of big data, such as privacy concerns, study sampling, and the balancing of epidemiologic domain expertise with the required technical expertise. Adopting big data approaches will facilitate the exploitation of data concerning obesity-relevant behaviors of a greater variety, which are also processed at speed, facilitated by mobile-based data collection and monitoring systems, citizen science, and artificial intelligence. These approaches will allow the field to expand from causal inference to more complex, systems-level predictive models, stimulating ambitious and effective policy interventions.
      PubDate: Sat, 30 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac123
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • Growing and Learning Together in Fostering Multisectoral Participation for
           Sustaining Interventions: Lessons from 3 Successive Integrated
           Multidisciplinary Interventions in Rural Ghana

    • Abstract: ABSTRACTDespite the recognition of nutrition as a multisectoral development issue, institutional silos persist as barriers to addressing community nutrition challenges effectively and sustainably. Over the past 2 decades, 3 integrated agriculture, livelihood, nutrition, and health interventions have been implemented in rural communities across Ghana, aimed at nurturing multisectoral collaborations to enhance institutional capacity, women's empowerment, children's diets and nutritional status, and general household well-being. Using information from published articles on the interventions, workshop reports, informal institutional engagements, and field notes, insights are presented on the efforts to garner multisectoral participation to sustain these interventions. Challenges and opportunities encountered in the process of growing and learning together relative to overcoming institutional cultures, building trust, empathizing with partners’ institutional challenges, making collective decisions, and building common ownership and accountability are explored. Fostering effective multisectoral participation is a dynamic process of continuous learning.
      PubDate: Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac124
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • A Brief History and Future of the Traffic Light Diet

    • PubDate: Tue, 26 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac120
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • The Association of Women's Participation in Farmer-Based Organizations
           with Female and Male Empowerment and its Implication for
           Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture Interventions in Rural Ghana

    • Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundFew studies have examined the influence of women's participation in farmer groups on female and male empowerment, which is considered essential to improving nutrition.ObjectivesThe study aimed to 1) assess the empowerment of Ghanaian women farmers, 1 adult male family decision-maker per household, and the household gender equality; and 2) investigate the relation of empowerment and household gender equality with women's participation in farmer-based organizations (FBOs), women's and men's nutritional status, and household food security.MethodsA cross-sectional study investigated secondary outcomes using baseline data from a nutrition-sensitive agriculture intervention implemented through FBOs in rural Ghana. Existing FBOs in 8 communities were selected based on 6 criteria (e.g., participation level, readiness to change). Female FBO (n = 166) and non-FBO (n = 164) members together with a male family member (n = 205) provided data on individual and household characteristics; empowerment was measured across 11 indicators with the project-level Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index. Generalized linear mixed models tested the associations of empowerment and household gender equality with FBO membership, nutritional status, and household food security.ResultsWomen's FBO membership was associated with an increased likelihood of women's empowerment [adjusted odds ratio (aOR): 3.25; 95% CI: 1.97, 5.33] and household gender parity (aOR: 2.82; 95% CI: 1.39, 5.84) but not men's empowerment. Household food insecurity, but not nutritional status, was positively associated with women's FBO participation and individual empowerment indicators (financial services). Food insecurity was negatively associated with the women's empowerment indicator related to attitudes about domestic violence [adjusted β coefficient (aβ): −0.78; 95% CI: −1.35, −0.21] and men's overall empowerment (aβ: −0.79; 95% CI: −1.58, −0.01).ConclusionsUnderstanding the complexity in which FBO participation, empowerment, nutritional status, and food security are linked is critical in designing interventions that promote gender equality and improved nutrition.This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT03869853.
      PubDate: Mon, 25 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac121
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • Pharmacokinetics of a Single Intake of a Self-Emulsifying Drug Delivery
           System Containing the Triglyceride Form of DHA: A Randomized,
           Double-Blinded, Crossover Study

    • Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundThe health benefits of n–3 (ω-3) PUFAs are well studied. A self-emulsifying drug delivery system (SEDDS) is expected to improve n–3 PUFA absorption.ObjectivesThe present study investigated how a single ingestion of a new SEDDS containing the triglyceride (TG) form of DHA (22:6n–3) (DHA/TG) would affect the plasma DHA concentration in healthy participants.MethodsFifteen healthy participants (age: 20–65 y; BMI: 18.5–25 kg/m2) were enrolled in this randomized, double-blind, crossover study. Participants in a fasting state consumed a single dose of 920 mg DHA and 80 mg EPA (20:5n–3) in SEDDS soft capsules (SEDDS capsule) or non-emulsifying soft capsules (control capsule). Blood was sampled at 0, 1.5, 3, 5, 7, and 9 h after dosing. The primary outcome was the baseline-adjusted incremental AUC (iAUC) for plasma DHA concentrations (iAUC_DHA).ResultsThe iAUC_DHA was significantly higher for the SEDDS capsule (147.9 ± 15.8 µg·h/mL) than for the control capsule (106.4 ± 18.1 µg·h/mL) (P = 0.018; SEDDS/control ratio: 1.4:1). However, plasma EPA concentrations and iAUC values did not significantly differ between the SEDDS and control capsules. Cmax was significantly higher with the SEDDS capsule for both DHA (P = 0.019) and EPA (P = 0.012) than with the control capsule.ConclusionsThese results suggest that a SEDDS improves the absorbability of DHA/TG in healthy participants. This indicates that SEDDS capsules would be beneficial for efficient ingestion of DHA.This trial was registered at https://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr/ as UMIN000044188.
      PubDate: Mon, 25 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac122
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • Optimizing Maternal Nutrition: The Importance of a Tailored Approach

    • Abstract: ABSTRACTImproving nutritional status during pregnancy is a global interest. Frequently, women either fail to meet or exceed nutrient recommendations. Current strategies to improve maternal nutrition focus on a “one-size-fits-all” approach and fail to consider individual factors that affect the mother's overall nutritional status. The objectives of this review were to determine the importance of key nutrients for optimal maternal and fetal health, to explore to what extent current recommendations consider individual factors, and to explore novel strategies to close the gap between current guidelines and real-world challenges through more personalized approaches. This review intercalated different nutritional guidelines and recent scientific publications and research initiatives related to maternal nutrition. Based on that, an overview of current recommendations, challenges related to present approaches, and perspectives for future directions are described. Current guidelines are not optimally supporting adequate nutrient intake and health of expectant mothers and their offspring. Existing recommendations are not consistent and do not sufficiently take into account how interindividual variation leads to differences in nutrient status. Personalized nutrition offers women the opportunity to improve their health by using strategies that are tailored to their unique nutritional needs. Such strategies can include personalized supplementation, holistic lifestyle interventions, digital and application-based technologies, and dietary assessment through blood biomarker and genetic analysis. However, these approaches warrant further investigation and optimization. More personalized approaches have the potential to optimize mothers’ and their offspring's health outcomes more appropriately to their nutritional needs before, during, and after pregnancy. Moving away from a generalized “one-size-fits-all” approach can be achieved through a variety of means. Future aims should be to provide supporting evidence to create customized subpopulation-based or individualized recommendations, improve nutrition education, and develop novel approaches to improve adherence to dietary and lifestyle interventions.
      PubDate: Fri, 22 Jul 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac118
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
  • Development and Validation of a Short Questionnaire Assessing the Behavior
           of Local Food Procurement in Quebec, Canada

    • Abstract: ABSTRACTBackgroundVery few validated instruments, particularly screening tools applicable to large-cohort studies, are available to assess the behavior of local food procurement.ObjectiveThe aim was to develop and validate a short questionnaire that measures local food procurement in a sample of French-speaking adults from Quebec, Canada, and to assess the association between local food-procurement behavior and diet quality.MethodsA comprehensive questionnaire developed previously to measure local food procurement [Locavore-Index (Locavore-I)] was simplified through a series of steps that included face-validity, exploratory factor analysis, and reliability testing (internal consistency). Construct validity of the resulting short Locavore-I Short Form (Locavore-I-SF) was examined in a sample of 299 adults (85% women) from the Quebec City metropolitan community.ResultsThe Locavore-I-SF comprises 12 questions that measure the frequency of short food supply chain use (self-production, farmers’ markets, and community-supported agriculture box scheme) for 3 locally produced foods (carrot, tomato, and lettuce) as well as the geographical origin of those 3 foods. The Locavore-I-SF, which is scored on a 12-point scale, had a high internal consistency (Cronbach ɑ: 0.74). The Locavore-I-SF scores were strongly correlated with the reference scores obtained from the Locavore-I from which it was developed (r = 0.84, P < 0.0001). Locavore-I-SF scores also correlated (r = 0.50, P < 0.0001) with the geographical origin of foods measured by pictures of food labels taken by participants. Higher Locavore-I-SF scores were associated with behaviors consistent with eating local foods, such as gardening (vs. not gardening; mean ± SEM difference: 2.3 ± 0.4 points; P < 0.0001) and not being preoccupied by the foods’ appearance standards (vs. being preoccupied; 1.4 ± 0.4 points; P = 0.0002). Finally, the Locavore-I-SF scores were weakly associated with the Healthy Eating Food Index-2019 score (B = 0.05 ± 0.02; P = 0.02).ConclusionsThe Locavore-I-SF, a short questionnaire based on 3 locally produced foods in Quebec, measures the behavior of local food procurement with good reliability and acceptable validity metrics.
      PubDate: Thu, 02 Jun 2022 00:00:00 GMT
      DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzac097
      Issue No: Vol. 6, No. 9 (2022)
       
 
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