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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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Media Gizi Indonesia
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1693-7228 - ISSN (Online) 2540-8410
Published by Universitas Airlangga Homepage  [54 journals]
  • Front Matter Jurnal MGI Vol. 17 No. 2

    • Authors: Nandia Firsty Dhorta; S.Gz
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Back Matter Jurnal MGI Vol. 17 No. 2

    • Authors: Nandia Firsty Dhorta; S.Gz
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Relationship between Central Obesity, Sleep Duration, and Energy
           Adequacy with Fatigue among Female Worker in PT Galaxy Surya Panelindo

    • Authors: Mawadatul Khoiroh, Lailatul Muniroh, Dominikus Raditya Atmaka, Shintia Yunita Arini
      Pages: 107 - 115
      Abstract: Work fatigue is a problem that often occurs in female workers. The higher risk of fatigue among female workers is caused by several factors including nutritional status, energy adequacy level, and sleep duration. Central obesity status is associated with a decrease in the maximal oxygen capacity (VO2 max) that triggers work fatigue. Sleep is related to the recovery time of the body’s vital organs, while energy is needed for various body metabolisms. This research was aimed to analyze the relationship between central obesity, energy adequacy, and sleep duration with work fatigue in female workers at PT Galaxy Surya Panelindo. This study used a cross-sectional research design with a sample of 50 female production workers at PT Galaxy Surya Panelindo. The sampling technique used random sampling method. Data was collected by measuring waist circumference and hip circumference, Semi Quantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire (SQFFQ), Subjective Self Rating Test (SRRT), and sleep duration. There was no relationship between sleep duration and work fatigue (p=0.951). However there was a relationship between central obesity status (p=0.001), energy adequacy level (p=<0.001) and work-nutrition fatigue. The nutritional status of central obesity and inadequate energy fulfillment, both excess or deficiency when compared to needs, can increase work fatigue. Therefore, the prevention of work fatigue can be done by implementing a healthy lifestyle and eating a balanced diet as needed.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v17i2.107-115
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Role of Emotional Eating A Mediator in Relationship between Sleep
           Duration and Quality with Carbohydrate Intake among Pregnant Women

    • Authors: Zerly Agrisdian, Ari Probandari, Eti Pamungkasari
      Pages: 116 - 122
      Abstract: Carbohydrate is one of the nutrients that is needed during pregnancy. Increased demand during pregnancy causes pregnant women to consume carbohydrates in excess, which occurs due to emotional eating. The increment of emotional eating is assumed to be triggered by insufficient sleep duration and poor sleep quality. This study was aimed to investigate the role of emotional eating as mediator in relationship between sleep duration and quality with carbohydrate intake among pregnant women. This study applied an analytic survey with cross-sectional design on 105 pregnant women in the second and third trimesters at Bondowoso District were sampled through multistage random sampling technique. In this study, the exogenous variables were sleep duration and quality. Meanwhile, the endogenous variables were carbohydrate intake. Emotional eating was the mediator. Data were collected using the Emotional Eater Questionnaire (EEQ), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), and 3×24 hours food recall. Data were analyzed using path analysis. There was a direct relationship between duration and quality of sleep with emotional eating (P <0.001 dan 0.002). Sleep duration and quality were not directly associated to carbohydrate intake (P 0.817 dan 0.z724). A direct relationship was shown by emotional eating and carbohydrate intake variables (P<0.001). It is concluded that emotional eating plays a role in the indirect relationship between sleep duration and quality with carbohydrate intake for pregnant women in the second and third trimesters. Pregnant women should be able to regulate sleep patterns and dietary intake.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v17i2.116-122
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Psychological Determinants toward The Value of Healthy Food among Type
           2 Diabetes Mellitus Consumers

    • Authors: Nurliza Nurliza
      Pages: 123 - 136
      Abstract: Adults and middle-aged food consumers are the most at risk of type 2 diabetes, and these consumers are varied across demographics. While few and fragmented studies are associated with psychological determinants and healthy food value through food choices. Few consumer roles are involved in research for business success. The psychological determinants toward the value of healthy food for type 2 diabetes consumers used consumer behavior and psychological theories of consumer choices. An associative method with purposive sampling was conducted from 165 adults and middle-aged consumers with type 2 diabetes using Structural Equation Modeling/SEM. The finding showed that the belief, attitude, and mood affected the value of healthy food through food choice, but not psychological distress. The attitude had the greatest effect on food choice and toward the value of healthy food, and the causal of the highest result effect of life experiences. The belief was directly affected food choice and value, and the causal for the highest effect of self-consciousness and health maintenance. The mood negatively affected both food choice and value of healthy food mood and the causal for the smallest effect of health maintenance. The food choice affected the values of healthy food. Life experience was the most direct and indirect effect of food choice and self-consciousness was the most direct effect of the value of healthy food. Some highlights of this study were (i)market segmentation and segmentation variable; (ii)social marketing; (iii)mass media campaign by considering attitude, belief, and mood; and (iv)human capital management strategy with targeted audiences.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v17i2.123-136
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Parenting Patterns and Family Characteristics among Stunted Toddlers in

    • Authors: Indah Purnama Sari, Yustini Ardillah, Yuliarti Yuliarti
      Pages: 137 - 144
      Abstract: Until today, there are still more than 20% children under five years old experiencing stunting due to malnutrition over a long time both in Indonesia and also globally. Therefore, an integrated program is needed to reduce the prevalence of stunting. This study investigated the correlation between parenting patterns and family characteristics with stunting. A matched case-control design was used based on age. Up to 40 cases and 40 controls of mothers having toddlers aged 24-59 months were selected as samples using simple random sampling technique. This study was conducted in Seberang Ulu I Sub-District, Palembang City, from September to October 2020. The data that has been collected were analyzed using univariate and bivariate analysis. The result showed that stunted and normal toddlers were mostly from mothers with poor parenting patterns in terms of feeding (72.5% & 45.0%), hygiene and sanitation (35.0% & 32.5%), and health care (42.5% & 15.0%). In addition, more cases of stunting came from mothers with high school education and below, low-income, at least 4 family members, and having more than 1 toddler. Feeding pattern, health care pattern, and mother’s education affect toddlers’ growth. The risk of stunting was higher in toddlers raised by mothers with low education, with poor feeding and health care practices than else.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v17i2.137-144
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Effect of Red Dragon Fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) on ROS Plasma of
           Overweight Sprague Dawley Rats

    • Authors: Novia Zuriatun Solehah, Adi Prayitno, Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari
      Pages: 145 - 151
      Abstract: Red dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) contains antioxidants, namely vitamin C, flavonoids, phenols, and betacyanins that can reduce or inhibit oxidative stress in the body. Excess body weight condition is associated with an increase in oxidative stress due to a decrease in antioxidants. This study was aimed to analyze the effects of red dragon fruit on the level of ROS (MDA) of overweight Sprague-Dawley rats. It used experimental analysis by using pre- and-posttest design with control group. A total sample of 30 male white Sprague-Dawley rats aged 8-12 weeks old with 150-200g of body weight were divided into 6 groups, namely: normal, negative control (KN), positive control (KP), red dragon fruit juice 3.5 g/200gBW (P1), overweight + dragon fruit juice 7 g/200gBW (P2), overweight + dragon fruit juice 10.5g/200gBW (P3) and were observed for 14 days. ROS levels were measured in the beginning and at the end of the intervention by using MDA markers with TBARs method. The results of MDA level measurements were 3.83 ± 0.13 in the KP group, 7.18 ± 0.27 in the P1 group, 5.30 ± 0.30 in the P2 group, and 4.35 ± 0.42 in the P3 group. The results of one-way ANOVA test showed a significant difference in MDA levels in all intervention groups compared to those of the normal and KN groups (p = 0.05). In conclusion, red dragon fruit intake can reduce ROS levels in overweight Sprague-Dawley rats.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v17i2.145-151
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Elevated Growol Flour Reduce Fasting Blood Glucose, HOMA-IR and Increase
           Insulin Level in Rat Model with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    • Authors: Yasinta Nofia, Brian Wasita, Tri Nugraha Susilawati
      Pages: 152 - 159
      Abstract: The rise of glucose levels in the blood of patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is attributed to the decrease of insulin secretion and the interruption of insulin activity. Growol is a fermented product made from cassava that has the potential to lower blood glucose levels in patients with T2DM. This study was aimed to evaluate the effects of oral administration of growol flour on the levels of blood glucose, insulin, and HOMA-IR. A total of 40 male Wistar rats were divided into 5 groups i.e., negative control group, positive control group taking metformin, and 3 treatment groups taking growol flour of 3.1, 6.2, and 9.3 (g/200gBW), respectively, for 2 weeks. Blood glucose levels were measured using Enzymatic Photometric Method GOD-PAP, insulin using the ELISA kit, and HOMA-IR using the formula. The Shapiro Wilk test was used to determine the normality of the data followed by the One-Way ANOVA test and Posthoc Tukey HSD test. The Paired T-test was used to see the difference of pre- and post-treatment levels of blood glucose, insulin, and HOMA-IR. There was a decrease (p<0.05) in blood glucose levels and HOMA-IR after the administration of low, moderate, and high doses of growol flour. In contrast, the levels of insulin increased (p<0.05) after the administration of low, moderate, and high doses. In conclusion, growol flour contributes to the maintenance of T2DM by lowering the levels of fasting blood glucose levels, as well as HOMA-IR, and increasing the levels of insulin in rats.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v17i2.152-159
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Perbedaan Kadar Zat Besi berdasarkan Waktu Pemasakan dan Metode yang
           Diterapkan pada Tempe dan Hati Sapi: Sebuah Studi Eksperimental

    • Authors: Aghnaita Firda Prasetyo, Farapti -, Emyr Reisha Isaura
      Pages: 160 - 168
      Abstract: Iron deficiency is a common cause of anemia, so it is necessary to consume adequate food sources of iron to prevent anemia. One way that can be used to fulfill iron intake is by minimize the loss of iron in the cooking process. Beef liver and tempeh are the common iron food sources in Indonesia. This study aimed to analyze the effect of cooking methods and cooking times on the iron levels of beef liver and tempeh. This study was an experimental. There are three cooking methods used in this study: boiling, boiling + stirring, and steaming, and two cooking times were applied for each treatment: 10 and 15 minutes. We were measured the iron level using the Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS) method. The study results showed that boiling decreased the iron content of tempeh and beef liver by a range of 22.43-34.61%, boiling+stirring decreased the iron content by a range of 42.24-49.64%, and steaming decreased the iron content by a range of 11.93-19.09%. Based on cooking time, cooking for 15 minutes showed a higher reduction in iron content than cooking for 10 minutes. However, cooking methods and cooking times significantly affect the iron level of beef liver and tempeh while steaming for 10 minutes has the highest iron level.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v17i2.160-168
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Unhealthy Diet and Stress are Correlated with Premenstrual Syndrome in
           Adolescent Girls in Tangerang

    • Authors: Dhea Zahra Huwaida, Yulia Lanti Retno Dewi, Kusnandar Kusnandar
      Pages: 169 - 174
      Abstract: Adolescent girls is one of the age groups that are vulnerable to menstrual disorders, especially in the first year after menarche. Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is a group of physical and emotional symptoms that emerge 7 to 14 days before menstruation and diminish once menstruation starts. This study was aimed to analyze the correlation between unhealthy diets and stress on premenstrual syndrome in adolescent girls. This study employed an observational study with a cross-sectional approach. The population of this study was all adolescent girls at State Junior High Schools in Tangerang City who aged 13-15 years. The sampling technique used cluster random sampling, consisting of 120 respondents. The data was collected through validated questionnaires, namely Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ), Perceived Stress Scale (PSS-10), and Shortened Premenstrual Assessment Form (SPAF). The obtained data were analyzed using Spearman statistical test. The results showed that there was a significant correlation between sweet foods (p = 0.039; r = 0.188), sweet drinks (p = 0.006; r = 0.247), salty foods (p = 0.026; r = 0.203), fatty foods (p = 0.000; r = 0.366) and fast food (p = 0.001; r = 0.313) and stress (p = 0.000; r = 0.564) on PMS. In conclusion, maintaining healthy diet and controlling stress is important to prevent and manage PMS among female adolescent.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v17i2.169-174
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Characteristics Energy, and Protein Intake of Pregnant Women during The
           Covid-19 Pandemic and Its Relation with Infant Birth Weight

    • Authors: Fahmil Usman, Harsono Salimo, Adi Magna Patriadi Nuhriawangsa
      Pages: 175 - 183
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic is an outbreak that has a risk of a food crisis and changes in diet that have an impact on the nutritional status of pregnant women and babies. This study was aimed to analyze the relationship between the characteristics of pregnant women in the third trimester and food intake during the COVID-19 pandemic with birthweight. This research used cross-sectional method with a sample of 91 third trimester pregnant women at the Pundong and Bantul 1 Community Health Centers, Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta, which were randomly selected. The data was collected using a questionnaire. The nutritional status was measured based on MUAC (Mid Upper Arm Circumference), food consumption was measured using SQFF (Semi-Quantitative Food Frequency) questionnaire, and birth weight was measured using a digital weight scale with an accuracy of 0.1 kg. Bivariate analysis was done using Fisher-Exact with 95% CI. The results showed that the characteristics of pregnant women in the third trimester such as education, income, occupation, and disease history had no relationship with birth weight; gestational age (p = 0.007) and nutritional status (p = 0.002) had a relationship with birth weight; energy intake had no relationship while protein had a relationship with birth weight (p = 0.001). The conclusion is that gestational age, nutritional status, and protein intake have a relationship with birth weight during the COVID-19 pandemic. Therefore, pregnant women should always pay attention to food intake and carry out regular pregnancy checks to health services to detect early abnormalities to prevent low birthweight.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v17i2.175-183
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Pengaruh Pendidikan Gizi Lift The Flap Book terhadap Pengetahuan dan Sikap
           Anak Usia Sekolah 10-12 Tahun tentang Vitamin Larut Lemak

    • Authors: Audrey Zalika Harvianto, Vitria Melani, Laras Sitoayu, Harna Harna
      Pages: 184 - 191
      Abstract: School-age children are one of the at risk groups for fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies. The consequence that could be experienced is the unoptimal growth of bones and teeth. In addition, it can affect the child’s growth and development. One of the things that can cause this condition is a child’s lack of knowledge about fat-soluble vitamins. The efforts that can be made to increase knowledge about fat-soluble vitamins is by using interactive media such as Lift The Flap Book as a learning medium. The purpose of this research was to the measure the influence of Lift The Flap Book on the knowledge and attitudes of school-age children about the importance of fat-soluble vitamins in food. This research was a quasi-experimental study with a sample of 33 children aged 10-12 years with a one group pre-test and post-test design. The results of this study are the average knowledge score of fat-soluble vitamins with media interventions Lift The Flap Book during the pre-test, post-test 1, and post-test 2 was 62.00; 81.99; and 78.14. Then, the attitude of fat-soluble vitamins was 64.83; 77.4; and 76.95. This result showed that the Lift The Flap Book media can increase the knowledge and attitudes about fat-soluble vitamins (p=0.000) among school-age children 10-12 years.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v17i2.184-191
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • The Potential of Phytochemicals Lycopene in Prevention of Bone Loss due to
           Decreased Estrogen Hormone in Humans and Experimental Animals

    • Authors: fansurina yuli erdayanti, Dominikus Raditya Atmaka, Masaharu Kagawa
      Pages: 192 - 204
      Abstract: Osteoporosis is a condition of decreased bone mass and disruption of bone microarchitecture that often occurs in the elderly. One of the causes of osteoporosis is menopause as reduced estrogen secretion increases bone resorption by osteoclasts activity, and the body’s oxidative stress. Currently, osteoporosis is still a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly. Prevention is vital in reducing this disease. Recent studies have shown a reduction in bone loss with lycopene consumption. High serum lycopene is also reported to be associated with decreased protein oxidation and bone resorption in postmenopausal women. This literature aimed to examine and analyze the research results related to the potential of lycopene on bone loss based on molecular and clinical research evidence in preventing osteoporosis in elderly women. Literature review on published papers in English in the last 10 years (2011 – 2021) was conducted using electronic database. Reviewed experimental and cohort studies on elderly women and experimental animals showed influence and effect of lycopene on bone loss. Lycopene may contribute in reduction of oxidative stress caused by reduced secretion of estrogen.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v17i2.192-204
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Factors Affecting The Choices of Healthy Diet among Adolescents in Rural

    • Authors: Ritma Dewanti, Ari Probandari, Sri Mulyani
      Pages: 205 - 213
      Abstract: Many adolescents tend to pick unhealthy diets with high amount of sugar, salt and fat, while the number of adolescents who consume vegetables and fruit is relatively low. As adolescents begin to pick their own diets by themselves, there are certain reasons behind each of their preferences in foods. This study was aimed to analyze the factors affecting the choices of healthy diet among adolescents in rural areas. This was quantitative research with analytical and observational research method with a cross sectional design. The data sampling method used in this study was a multistage random sampling method. This research was conducted to 160 respondents with a population of 1,143 from 10 different high schools. The sample size was calculated using the OpenEpi software. The data on factors or reasons behind the choice of healthy diet was taken using the Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ), while the data on the choices of healthy foods was taken using a structured questionnaire, both of which had been tested for validity and reliability. The collected data were analyzed using the Spearman Rank test. The main reasons that can influence adolescents to pick healthy diets in rural area were for healthiness concerns, the natural contents of the foods, and body weight control (BW) (p=<0.005). It is recommended for adolescents to optimize their knowledge and skills in food selection, especially healthy food.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v17i2.205-213
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
  • Faktor yang Memengaruhi Keputusan Pembelian Konsumen terhadap Katering

    • Authors: Annisa Rizkitania, Aidah Auliyah, Yudi Arimba Wani
      Pages: 214 - 224
      Abstract: The higher public awareness of healthy food the more increase of the existence of healthy catering which makes the healthy catering business more competitive. The objective of this research to find out what factors influence consumer purchasing decisions in healthy catering and its relation to the impact of Covid-19. This study uses a literature review method by selecting studies that refer to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses Statement and selected quantitative studies. For the final result, 23 studies were included. There are factors that influence purchasing decisions on consumers, both internally and externally. Internal factors include gender, social economic history, knowledge, and the trust factor for a product. For external factors like price, product quality, product marketing, product attributes, cultural background, quality service, and the health effect. During Covid-19 pandemic, there have been changes in the factors that influence consumer purchasing decisions. Respondents stated that they prefer to adopt healthy eating behavior, but in other countries is difficult to find fresh products, so they tend to buy frozen and canned food.
      PubDate: 2022-05-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v17i2.214-224
      Issue No: Vol. 17, No. 2 (2022)
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