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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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Media Gizi Indonesia
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1693-7228 - ISSN (Online) 2540-8410
Published by Universitas Airlangga Homepage  [54 journals]
  • Front Matter National Nutrition Journal Vol. 18 No. 3

    • Authors: Prof. Dr. Annis Catur Adi, Ir; M.Si
      PubDate: 2023-09-30
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 3 (2023)
  • Back Matter National Nutrition Journal Vol. 18 No. 3

    • Authors: Prof. Dr. Annis Catur Adi, Ir; M.Si
      PubDate: 2023-09-30
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 3 (2023)
  • Fish-Based Complementary Feeding Practices Increasing Macro and Micro
           Nutrient Intake And Hemoglobin Levels in Anemia Toddlers

    • Authors: Bustami Bustami, Suryana Suryana, Dini Junita, Andi Eka Yunianto
      Pages: 175 - 181
      Abstract: Iron deficiency anemia in toddlers can be prevented by introducing complementary foods alongside breastfeeding. Fish, rich in protein and iron, offers a valuable nutritional source for young children, but proper processing is crucial. This research investigated the impact of fish-based complementary food processing practices (known as MP-ASI in Indonesia) on the nutritional intake and hemoglobin levels of children under five in Tiro District, Pidie Regency. Using a quasi-experimental design, this study involved 40 toddlers from the stunting-prone area of Tiro District, Pidie Regency, along with their mothers as respondents. The toddlers, aged 12-36 months without severe illnesses, were included in the study. The intervention comprised educating and practicing complementary food processing. Before-and-after intervention comparisons showed significant improvements in energy, carbohydrate, protein, zinc, and iron intake levels. Additionally, there was a notable increase in the average hemoglobin (Hb) level, rising by 1.06 g/dl after one month of fish-based complementary food processing intervention. In summary, this intervention effectively enhanced the nutritional quality of children's intake and increased their hemoglobin levels, contributing to the prevention of iron deficiency anemia in toddlers.
      PubDate: 2023-09-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v18i3.175-181
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 3 (2023)
  • Nutrition Education and Assistance Based on Behavior Change in Adolescent
           Girls to Improve Nutritional Status and Hemoglobin Levels

    • Authors: Amalia Rahma, Desty Muzarofatus Sholikhah, Nur Cahyadi, Endah Mulyani, Diah Fauziah Zuhroh, Dwi Faqihatus S. Has
      Pages: 182 - 187
      Abstract: Inappropriate nutritional behavior is a common cause of nutritional issues among adolescents, often leading to conditions like underweight and anemia. This study aimed to assess the impact of nutrition education and behavioral change-based support on the nutritional status and hemoglobin levels of adolescent girls. The study included 75 adolescent girls aged 16-18 years from Singosari Village, Gresik District, chosen through purposive sampling. Over a 30-day period, intensive nutrition education and assistance were provided, utilizing various methods such as lectures, discussions, role play, and practical exercises. The results revealed significant improvements in various aspects. Participants exhibited increased nutrition knowledge, energy and protein intake, body weight, nutritional status, and hemoglobin levels after the intervention (p < 0.05). The rise in knowledge was linked to higher protein intake (p=0.009), while adequate protein intake was associated with weight gain (p=0.025). Weight gain, in turn, correlated significantly with improved nutritional status based on BMI/U (p = 0.041). Hemoglobin levels also significantly increased, shifting from 11.6 + 0.2 mg/dl (low) to 13.4 + 0.1 mg/dl (normal) after the intervention. This improvement in hemoglobin levels was linked to increased energy intake (p = 0.012) and a change in the practice of consuming iron supplementation, shifting from no usage to weekly consumption. In conclusion, nutrition education and behavioral change-based support can effectively enhance energy, protein, and iron intake, leading to improved nutritional status and hemoglobin levels among adolescent girls.
      PubDate: 2023-09-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v18i3.182-187
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 3 (2023)
  • Cava Smoothie As An Adjuvant in Iron Supplementation Can Increase
           Hemoglobin Levels and Erythrocyte Indices in Anemic Adolescent Girls

    • Authors: Vina Dinata Kamila Aryani, Muthmainah Muthmainah, Adi Magna Patriadi Nuhriawangsa
      Pages: 188 - 200
      Abstract: Uncontrolled anemia leads to a decline in hemoglobin levels and erythrocyte blood indices, posing various health risks. To address this, a study aimed to assess the effectiveness of cava smoothies and iron supplementation in boosting hemoglobin levels and erythrocyte indices among anemic adolescent girls. The study involved 87 adolescent girls with moderate anemia, divided into three groups. The control group (C) received weekly iron tablets (60 mg), while two intervention groups (I1 and I2) were given the same iron tablets along with cava smoothies in increasing doses over 28 days. The results revealed significant improvements in hemoglobin levels. Group C showed an increase of 0.27 g/dL, while I1 and I2 demonstrated remarkable gains of 1.46 g/dL and 2.54 g/dL, respectively. Furthermore, erythrocyte indices (MCV, MCH, MCHC) exhibited positive changes. Group C saw increases of 0.35 fl, 0.34 pg, and 0.27 g/dL, I1 showed improvements of 0.69 fl, 0.61 pg, and 0.64 g/dL, and I2 experienced substantial enhancements of 1.97 fl, 1.61 pg, and 1.60 g/dL. In conclusion, the study confirmed that cava smoothies and iron supplementation effectively raise hemoglobin levels and improve erythrocyte indices in anemic adolescent girls, highlighting the potential benefits of this intervention for combating anemia.
      PubDate: 2023-09-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v18i3.188-200
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 3 (2023)
  • Nutraceutical Potential of Encapsulated Purple Okra (Abelmoschus
           Esculentus L. Moench) Extract

    • Authors: Dhea Marliana Salsabila, Evy Damayanthi, Zuraidah Nasution
      Pages: 201 - 211
      Abstract: The accumulation of free radical production impacts on the development of degenerative diseases which are the highest cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Biofortification of purple okra in the form of encapsulated extract has the potential as a nutraceutical through the role of antioxidants. This study aimed to analyze the potential of encapsulated purple okra extract as a nutraceutical by determining physical-chemical characteristics, microbial and heavy metals contamination, antioxidant capacity, total flavonoids, and quercetin. This was a laboratory experimental study on purple okra which was extracted using the maceration method. The results of physical-chemical characteristics showed that purple okra extract has the form of dry powder, greenish-brown color, odor characteristic of okra extract (caramel-like), and sour taste with yield of 4%, pH of 4.8, undetectable solvent residue, water content of 13.5%, total ash content of 10.4%, and disintegration time of 1.25 minutes. The results of microbial contamination showed a total plate count of 3.1 102 CFU g⁻¹, yeast and mold count, E. coli, S. aureus negative CFU g⁻¹, and Salmonella spp negative CFU 10g⁻¹. The results of heavy metal contamination showed that As, Pb, Cd, and Hg were not detected every mg Kg⁻¹. The results of antioxidant capacity, total flavonoids, and suspected quercetin derivatives showed a value of 84.88%, 81.32 mg QE g⁻¹, and 4.91 mg g⁻¹. These bioactive components act as free radical scavengers in helping to prevent chain reactions. Encapsulated purple okra extract has shown its potential as a nutraceutical that helps prevent degenerative diseases.
      PubDate: 2023-09-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v18i3.201-211
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 3 (2023)
  • Physicochemical Characteristics, Antioxidant Activity and Sensory of
           Cookies Based on Mocaf, Purple Yam, and Cinnamon Flour

    • Authors: Ibdal Satar, Defita Fajar Emilia
      Pages: 212 - 225
      Abstract: In general, cookies are made by using wheat flour with high gluten content, consequently it may cause negative impact on health. So far, cookies also have not the characteristics as functional food that is beneficial for health. Based on these issues, wheat flour is needed to substitute with alternative materials in order to reduce the gluten and increase the functional characteristic of cookies. Mocaf, purple yam flour and cinnamon powder can be used to provide cookies with low gluten and have the characteristic of functional food. The aims of this research are to characterize the physicochemical and organoleptic properties of cookies based Mocaf flour, purple yam flour and cinnamon powder. This work was used he completely randomized design (CRD) with the formulations applied F0(100:0:0), F1(75:24.5:0.5), F2(75:24:1), F3(75:23.5:1.5). F4(50:49.5:0.5), F5(50:49:1), F6(50:48.5:1.5), F7(25:74.5:0.5), F8(25:74:1), and F9(25:73.5:1.5) with 3 replications. Analysis of physicochemical properties of cookies consists of moisture, fat, total protein, ash, carbohydrates contents, texture, and antioxidant activity. The organoleptic properties were tested by 30 semi-trained panelists. The collected data were analyzed by one way ANOVA at significance level of 5% and followed by Duncan's test. These results show the contents of fat, protein, ash, carbohydrate, water, antioxidant activities and hardness were obtained in the range of 28.1-29.4%, 3.3-3.6%, 1.5-2.2%, 59.8-62.1%, 44.5-88.8 ppm and 13.8 - 38.3 N, respectively. Based on the organoleptic tests, F2 cookies was most preference than other formulations. The cookies produced believes have low gluten and food functional properties
      PubDate: 2023-09-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v18i3.212-225
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 3 (2023)
  • The Role of Mineral and Synbiotic to Enhance Immunity During Covid-19
           Pandemic : A Literature Review

    • Authors: Stefania Widya Setyaningtyas, Dominikus Raditya Atmaka, Qonita Rachmah, Nila Reswari Haryana, Mahmud Aditya Rifqi, Rian Diana, Aliffah Nurria Nastiti, Asri Meidyah Agustin
      Pages: 226 - 235
      Abstract: COVID-19 has become a pandemic in the last 3 years worldwide and cases cause high mortality and morbidity. To reduce COVID-19 infection, we need to keep our immune system healthy. Several nutrients have been shown to have specific abilities to increase the power of the immune system, but their use in the treatment of COVID-19 is still being debated. This review aims to determine the role of minerals and synbiotics in increasing immunity during the COVID-19 pandemic. Specific minerals such as zinc, selenium, iron and copper have promising potential to treat COVID-19 by reducing clinical impact, markers of inflammation, and improving immunological biomarkers. In addition to increasing mineral intake, maintaining a healthy immune system can also be done by improving the health of the gut microbiota. One of the therapies that is considered to have a positive impact on handling COVID-19 is using synbiotics (a combination of prebiotics and probiotics). However, the safety and efficacy of mineral and synbiotic supplementation in COVID-19 patients as adjunctive therapy still requires further research. Minerals and synbiotics can help boost the immune system and reduce symptoms during a COVID-19 infection.
      PubDate: 2023-09-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v18i3.226-235
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 3 (2023)
  • Study of Satisfaction towards the Food Services in the PPLP and SKO
           Athlete Dormitories in Indonesia

    • Authors: Mirza Hapsari Sakti Titis Penggalih, Zaenal Mutaqqien Sofro, Laksono Trisnantoro, Edi Nurinda Susila, Ernawaty, Bayu Rahadian, Margono, Dadi Sujadi, Raden Isnanta, Marina Hardiyanti, Nia Bactiar, Remaydhina Mahsa Alvita Ghany
      Pages: 236 - 243
      Abstract: Providing food for athletes is a special institutional arrangement that caters to athletes' specific needs. Athletes have different nutritional requirements than the non-athlete population, as they need more nutrients to compensate for the energy expended during training, competitions, and recovery after matches. Additionally, athletes must focus on fluid intake and sufficient nutrients to support post-training recovery for optimal performance. Therefore, meeting the needs and satisfaction of athletes becomes a crucial goal for athlete food service. Satisfaction can be assessed based on various indicators such as variety of menu and ingredients, suitable portion size, taste, serving time, packaging, and food handler hygiene. This study aims to assess athletes' satisfaction with the food service in athlete dormitories. The research is an observational survey with a cross-sectional approach involving 159 athletes aged 13-19 years from PPLP West Java, PPLP DIY, PPLP NTB, and SKO Cibubur. Data collection took place in May and July 2022. The research instrument used was a customer satisfaction survey questionnaire with a Likert scale ranging from 1 to 4, where one indicates 'very poor' and four indicates 'excellent.' The analysis technique used Pearson correlation in SPSS 16.0 software. The research showed a relationship between menu variety, ingredient variety, suitable portion size, serving time accuracy, food packaging, serving area, food handler hygiene, food presentation, and food taste with athletes' satisfaction level. Serving time accuracy, food packaging, hygiene, cleanliness of the serving area, food handler hygiene, food appearance, and taste correlate strongly with satisfaction.
      PubDate: 2023-09-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v18i3.236-243
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 3 (2023)
  • Food Waste and Food Service Satisfaction among Older Adults in Nursing

    • Authors: Farapti Farapti, Edna Elkarima, Dianis Wulan Sari, Didik Dwi Winarno
      Pages: 244 - 250
      Abstract: Food waste and food service satisfaction can be used of a good food service management. Nursing homes are an institution that also provides food service. This study aims to identify and analyze the association between food waste and food service satisfaction among older adults in the nursing home in Surabaya, Indonesia. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 63 older adults. The 3x24-hour visual Comstock method was used to identify food waste and food service satisfaction was assessed using a questionnaire adapted from the RFSQ (Resident Foodservice Satisfaction Questionnaire) and FoodEx-LTC (Food Expectations-Long-Term Care). Data were analyzed descriptively and inferentially using the Chi-square test. The association between food waste and older adults’ food service satisfaction is insignificant (p=0.115). The majority of the older adults (71.4%) were satisfied with the food service and the average of food waste was relatively low (≤20%). However, some menus still had >20% leftovers. It is important to investigate older adults’ acceptability and preferences of each menu to minimalize food waste. Menu cycle planning needs to be evaluated periodically and well-designed to meet the nutritional needs of the residents.
      PubDate: 2023-09-30
      DOI: 10.20473/mgi.v18i3.244-250
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 3 (2023)
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