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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia
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  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1693-900X - ISSN (Online) 2502-4140
Published by Universitas Gadjah Mada Homepage  [48 journals]
  • Kadar 25(OH)D3 darah pada penderita obesitas

    • Authors: Dessy Hermawan, Slamet Widodo
      Pages: 1 - 7
      Abstract: Blood level 25(OH)D3 in obese peopleBackground: Currently, obesity is a world problem, even the World Health Organization (WHO) declared obesity to be a global epidemic and contributes 5% of global deaths in 2015. Recently, many studies have reported an association between vitamin D levels and the incidence of obesity, although the exact mechanism raises many questions.  Objective: This study is to examine the correlation between levels of 25(OH)D3 and body mass index (BMI).Methods: The design of this research is an analytic survey with a case control approach. The population of this study was all students of the Faculty of Medicine, Malahayati University, Bandar Lampung. The number of samples in this study were 60 samples with details of 30 case samples (obesity) and 30 control samples (no obesity). The sampling technique used was purposive sampling. The data used are primary data from direct measurement results. The data were analyzed using the correlation test.Results: The results showed that only one sample had normal 25(OH)D3 levels, while most (more than 98%) had low and very low levels of 25(OH)D3. The correlation test showed that there was a significant relationship between 25(OH)D3 levels with BMI (p=0.008; r= -0.0338), gender (p=0.001; r= -0.457), and total cholesterol levels (p=0.009); r= -0,391).Conclusions: There is a relationship between levels of 25(OH)D3 with BMI, the lower the 25(OH)3 blood level, the higher the risk of increasing BMI. Further research is still needed to ensure that giving vitamin D to obese populations can reduce body weight or BMI.
      PubDate: 2021-07-30
      DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.59751
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2021)
  • Kualitas diet dan kontrol glikemik pada orang dewasa dengan diabetes
           melitus tipe dua

    • Authors: Dodik Briawan, Mahfuzhoh Fadillah Heryanda, Sudikno Sudikno
      Pages: 8 - 17
      Abstract: Diet quality and glycemic control in adults with type two diabetes mellitusBackground: As assessed by Alternate Healthy Eating Index (AHEI), diet quality is correlated with glycemic control through its effect on glucose-insulin homeostasis. Studies are evaluating the diet quality index in Indonesia, especially its relation to glycemic control in those with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), are lacking. Objective: To analyze the association between diet quality and glycemic control T2DM in adults. Methods: This research was a cross-sectional study using data from "Cohort study of non-communicable disease risk factors" in 2016 by the Indonesia Ministry of Health. Hundred and five (105) subjects diagnosed with T2DM, aged 25-65, were recruited in this study. A 24-hour dietary recall was collected, and a diet quality index referred to the USA adapted AHEI-2010 was assessed. The portion of food components was modified based on the Indonesian Dietary Guidelines. Glycemic control was evaluated according to fasting blood glucose (FBG) and 2-hours-post-75-g glucose load (2h-PG). Spearman correlation test was applied in this analysis. Results: A mean age of subjects was 51 years, and 77.1% out of 105 subjects were women. Mean value of FBG 123.5 and 2h-PG 228.9 mg/dL. The total score of AHEI was 53.8. There was not a significant correlation between the total score of AHEI with FBG (r= -0.079) and 2h-PG (r= -0.069) (p>0.05). However, there was a significant association between the fruits score and 2h-PG (r= -0.224) (p<0.05). Most of the subjects consumed fruits containing low-moderate fructose, such as bananas, oranges, papayas. Conclusions: In T2DM, there was no significant association between the total score of current diet quality and poor glycemic control, except for the fruits component.
      PubDate: 2021-07-30
      DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.62815
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2021)
  • Comparison of somatotype profiles and dietary intake of football athletes
           in different playing levels in Indonesia

    • Authors: Mirza Hapsari Sakti Titis Penggalih, Kurnia Maratus Solichah, Mustika Cahya Nirmala Dewinta, Ibtidau Niamilah, Almira Nadia, Diana Pratiwi, Dessy Hosianna, Arum Darmastuti, Annisa Prihastin, Naila Syarifah, Ratna Kusuma Ningrum, Vigur Dinda Yulia Reswati, Nia Bactiar
      First page: 18
      Abstract: Background: Anthropometry characteristic was significantly correlated with nutrition status, and both factors significantly contributed to athletes' sports performance. Somatotype as one of the anthropometric values can be used as screening or “diagnosis” in selecting new talents. The changes in athletes’ body composition by inadequate dietary intake and over-consumption relate to the performance quality of athletes. Objective: The study aimed to compare football athletes' somatotype profiles and dietary intake in different playing levels in Indonesia. Methods: A total of 112 adolescent football athletes in 4 playing levels; elite national team (ENT), advanced senior team (AST), advanced junior team (AJT), and amateur college athletes (ACT), performed somatotype measurement and dietary intake assessments using 3x24-h food recall. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted to illustrate the difference among ENT, AST, AJT, and ACT groups, while a post-hoc test was used to verify pairwise comparison. Results: All groups showed a significant difference in somatotype profiles and dietary intake. The somatotype profile of ENT group, categorized as balanced mesomorph (2.5-5.2-2.2), was the closest to the ideal profile of elite football athletes and was the most mesomorph among other groups. The somatotype of the AST group was the least mesomorph (1.5-3.2-3.0). Adequate energy intake was found only in the ENT group, whereas inadequate (<80%) in other groups. None of the groups consume an adequate amount of carbohydrates. The lowest dietary intake was found in the lowest playing level group, ACT. The somatotype profile and dietary intake of the ENT group were the most optimum compared to other groups, although the excess intake of fat should be noticed. Conclusions: The somatotype profile of elite athletes in the ENT group was the closest to the ideal somatotype of elite football athletes in high-level competition. Dietary intake in the ENT group was also the most adequate, although the excess fat intake should be noticed.
      PubDate: 2021-07-30
      DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.64653
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2021)
  • Status gizi berdasarkan dialysis malnutrition score (DMS) dengan kualitas
           hidup pasien hemodialisis

    • Authors: Dina Maulina Hayati, Fery Lusviana Widiany, Fera Nofiartika
      First page: 28
      Abstract: Nutritional status based on the dialysis malnutrition score (DMS) with hemodialysis patients' quality of lifeBackground: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a disorder of the kidney organs characterized by abnormalities in the structure or function of the kidneys. Patients suffering from end-stage CKD require renal replacement therapy in the form of hemodialysis. However, hemodialysis on a routine basis can decrease nutritional status, which will result in malnutrition patients. Malnutrition is associated with morbidity and mortality rates, such as prolonged weakness, susceptibility to infectious diseases, and impaired wound healing that can affect the quality of life. Objective: This study aims to determine the correlation between nutritional status based on the Dialysis Malnutrition Score (DMS) with the quality of life of hemodialysis patients. Methods: The research design was cross-sectional with an observational research design. This research was conducted from 02 September 2019 until 11 September 2019 in the hemodialysis unit at RSUD Panembahan Senopati Bantul with 182 subjects of all chronic kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis from 2009 until April 2019. The researcher assessed nutritional status data based on the DMS. In addition, the quality of life was based on Kidney Disease Quality of Life (KDQoL) which researchers for elderly subjects assisted, and some parts filled directly by the subject. The statistical analysis used for this study was the Chi-square test. Results: Based on the Chi-square test, there is a correlation between nutritional status based on the DMS and the quality of life of hemodialysis patients (p-value=0.009). Most subjects had good nutritional status based on the DMS and had good quality on the KDQoL. Conclusions: There is a correlation between the risk of malnutrition based on the Dialysis Malnutrition Score (DMS) and hemodialysis patients' quality of life (KDQoL).
      PubDate: 2021-07-30
      DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.60778
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2021)
  • Pengaruh pendidikan, pantangan makanan, dan citra tubuh pada konsumsi gizi
           makro ibu nifas

    • Authors: Zahra Lutfiah Safitri, Widati Fatmaningrum, Ivon Diah Wittiarika
      First page: 38
      Abstract: Impact of education, food restriction, and body image on postpartum nutrientBackground: The level of nutritional consumption of postpartum mothers increases for the need for tissue repair and the breastfeeding process, but in practice, there are still many postpartum mothers who have not met the recommended level of nutritional consumption due to several factors, including education level, dietary restriction, and body image. Objective: This research seeks to determine the relationship between education level, dietary restriction culture, and body image with the level of macro nutritional consumption. Method: This research implemented an observational analytic method with a cross-sectional design. The sample size was 40 mothers selected using the convenience sampling technique, with data obtained through face-to-face, Google form, and telephone. The independent variables are education level, dietary restriction culture, and body image. The dependent variable is macro nutritional consumption, including energy, carbohydrates, protein, and fat. The instruments used were the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) to measure body image, the food recall questionnaire, and the food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) to measure nutritional consumption. Data analysis was performed using the Chi-Square test. Results: The results showed that most of the mothers had not met their energy, carbohydrate, and protein needs but were able to consume fat that exceeded the nutritional adequacy rate. The analysis results showed no relationship between education level, dietary restriction culture, and body image with consumption of macronutrients (p>0.05). \Conclusion: There is no relationship between education level, dietary restriction culture, body image with the level of nutritional consumption of energy, carbohydrate, protein, and fat.
      PubDate: 2021-07-30
      DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.58782
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2021)
  • Edukasi gizi menggunakan media booklet dengan atau tanpa konseling
           terhadap pengetahuan orangtua dan konsumsi sayur dan buah anak prasekolah
           di wilayah urban

    • Authors: Herni Dwi Herawati, Azhari Silvia Novita Anggraeni, Nurul Pebriani, Arantika Meidya Pratiwi, Tri Siswati
      First page: 48
      Abstract: Nutrition education using booklet media with and without counseling on parental knowledge, amount and frequency of consumption of vegetables and fruits of preschool children in urban areasBackground: Consumption of vegetables and fruit in preschool children in Indonesia is still less than recommended. Nutrition education through booklets and counseling media will clarify information and understanding of parents about the importance of consuming vegetables and fruit in preschool children, resulting in parental feeding behavior to increase the amount and frequency of consumption of vegetables and fruits in preschool children. Purpose: This study aims to determine the effect of nutrition education using booklet media with counseling and without counseling on parental knowledge, amount, and frequency of consumption of vegetables and fruits of preschool children in urban areas. Methods: This type of research was a quasi-experimental research design with pre and post-test with the control group. The selection of respondents used purposive sampling to select the sub-districts that had the percentage of excess nutrition in Yogyakarta, namely the Danurejan District, and simple random sampling to choose children and preschools (kindergarten). The number of respondents was 56 people consisting of 28 experimental and 28 controls from 4 kindergartens. Nutrition education in the experimental group gave booklets and counseling, once for 30-60 minutes and at each respondent's home. The control group was only assigned a booklet without counseling. The instruments used consisted of booklets, knowledge questionnaires, and SQ-FFQ. The statistical tests used were paired t-test, Wilcoxon, Mann Whitney, independent t-test, and Pearson. Results: This study showed increased parental knowledge before and after nutrition education in the experimental group (p<0.05). In addition, the amount and frequency of consumption of vegetables and fruits of preschool children in the experimental group increased between before and after being given nutrition education (p<0.05). Knowledge, amount, and frequency of consumption of vegetables and fruit also showed differences between the experimental and control groups (p<0.05). Conclusions: Nutrition education using booklets and counseling media affects parents' knowledge and the amount and frequency of consuming vegetables and fruit in preschool children compared to using only booklets without counseling.
      PubDate: 2021-07-30
      DOI: 10.22146/ijcn.63338
      Issue No: Vol. 18, No. 1 (2021)
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