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Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia : Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2303-3045 - ISSN (Online) 2503-183X
Published by Alma Ata University Homepage  [2 journals]
  • The effect of red watermelon juice on the anaerobic muscle fatigue index
           during physical exercise

    • Authors: M Rizal Permadi; Dyannatus Solikhah, Muhammad Iqbal, Ratih Putri Damayanti
      Abstract: ABSTRAKLatar Belakang: Kelelahan merupakan salah satu masalah yang sering dialami oleh olahragawan. Biasanya terjadi pada aktivitas anaerobik karena intensitas yang tinggi dan membutuhkan energi cepat dalam waktu yang singkat. Pemberian jus buah semangka merah (Citrullus lanatus) diharapkan mampu menurunkan kelelahan otot. Tujuan: Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui pengaruh pemberian jus buah semangka merah terhad ap indeks kelelahan otot. Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain eksperimental semu dengan rancangan randomized post test only group with crossover dengan membandingkan pengaruh pemberian jus buah semangka merah. Subjek penelitian ini yaitu anggota bimbingan meraih cita-cita (MCC). Luaran utama pada penelitian ini adalah indeks kelelahan otot yang diukur dengan menggunakan Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST). Analisis data dilakukan menggunakan uji independent t test. Hasil: Ada perbedaan indeks kelelahan otot anaerobik pada kelompok perlakuan sebesar 2,55 sedangkan pada kelompok kontrol sebesar 3,75. Pada penelitian ini terjadi peningkatan kategori indeks kelelahan otot dari yang rata-rata subjek memiliki kategori cukup menjadi kategori baik, dan ada perbedaan yang signifikan pada kelompok perlakuan dan kelompok kontrol secara statistik (p=0,004). Kesimpulan: Jus buah semangka merah dapat menurunkan angka indeks kelelahan otot anaerobic pada anggota bimbingan MCC. Penelitian selanjutnya dapat meneliti mengenai perbedaan indeks kelelahan otot anaerobik dengan pemeriksaan kadar asam laktat. KATA KUNCI: anaerob; eksperimental semu; jus semangka merah; kelelahan otot; latihan fisik  ABSTRACTBackground:  Fatigue is a common problem experienced by athletes, typically occurring during anaerobic activities due to high intensity and the need for quick energy. The administration of red watermelon juice (Citrullus lanatus) is expected to be able to reduce muscle fatigue. Objectives: The purpose of this study is to assess the effects of providing red watermelon juice on muscle fatigue. Method: This study used a quasi-experimental design with a randomized post-test-only group with a crossover design by comparing the effects of delivering red watermelon juice to subjects. Subjects of this study were MCC (Meraih Cita Cita) tutoring members. The primary outcome was the index of anaerobic muscle fatigue that was measured by the Running-based Anaerobic Sprint Test (RAST). Data analysis was conducted using an independent t-test. Results: There was a difference in the index of anaerobic muscle fatigue in the treatment group 2.55, while in the control group 3.75. In this study, there was an increase in the category of muscle fatigue index from an average of subjects having a fairly good category to a good category, and there was a significant difference in the treatment group and control group statistically (p=0.004). Conclusion:  Red watermelon juice can reduce the rate of anaerobic muscle fatigue. Further research can examine the differences in anaerobic muscle fatigue index with lactate acid examination. KEYWORDS:  anaerobic muscle fatigue; physical exercise; quasi-experimental; red watermelon juice
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jan 2023 18:51:00 +070
       
  • Determinants of type 2 diabetes mellitus in agricultural community

    • Authors: Fitria Saftarina; Dian Isti Angraini, Diana Mayasari
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Prevalensi DM di perkotaan sebanyak 2,6% dibandingkan pedesaan sebanyak 1,4%. Namun hal yang cukup menarik, proporsi Glukosa Darah Puasa Terganggu (GDPT) dan Toleransi Glukosa Terganggu (TGT) pada penduduk di pedesaan lebih tinggi dibandingkan perkotaan yaitu 3,7% dan 5,4%. Hal ini menunjukkan bahwa penduduk di pedesaan lebih berisiko terkena DM tipe 2 jika tidak dilakukan intervensi.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis determinan kejadian DM tipe 2 pada populasi agrikulturMetode: Jenis penelitian adalah case control study, dengan sampel penelitian adalah petani yang menderita DM tipe 2 (kasus) dan petani yang tidak menerita DM (kontrol). Penelitian dilaksanakan di Kecamatan Gedong Tataan Kabupaten Pesawaran dengan jumlah masing-masing kelompok sebanyak 41 orang. Pengambilan data dilakukan dengan mengukur Indeks Massa Tubuh, tekanan darah, wawancara dengan kuesioner IPAQ-SF dan Indeks BrinkmannHasil: Hasil penelitian didapatkan jumlah jenis pestisida, faktor genetik dan aktifitas fisik merupakan faktor determinan terjadinya DM tipe 2. Responden yang menggunakan pestisida ≥ 2jenis pestisida memiliki risiko 2,7 kali kemungkinan menderita DM tipe 2 dibanding yang menggunakan 1 jenis pestisida. Responden dengan riwayat keluarga menderita DM memililiki kemungkinan (odds) 16,03 kali menderita DM dibandingkan yang tidak memiliki riwayat keluarga DM. Respoden dengan aktifitas fisik rendah memiliki kemungkinan (odds) 4,154 menderita DM dibandingkan responden dengan yang memiliki aktifitas fisik tinggi.Kesimpulan: Diperlukan upaya promotif dan preventif terutama untuk masyarakat yang menggunakan pestisida ≥ 2jenis pestisida,  riwayat keluarga menderita DM tipe 2 dan aktifitas fisik rendah.
      KATA KUNCI: DM tipe 2: faktor risiko, , populasi agrikultur  ABSTRACTBackground: The prevalence of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (DM) in urban areas was 2.6% compared to 1.4% in rural areas. However, what is quite interesting is that the proportion of disturbed fasting blood glucose (GDPT) and impaired glucose tolerance (TGT) in rural residents is higher than in urban areas, namely 3.7% and 5.4%, respectively. This shows that rural residents are more at risk of developing type 2 DM if no intervention is carried out.Objectives: This study aims to analyze the determinants of the prevalence of type 2 DM in the agricultural population.Methods: This type of research is a case-control study, with the sample being farmers who suffer from type 2 DM (cases) and farmers who do not suffer from DM (controls). The research was conducted in Gedong Tataan District, Pesawaran Regency with the number of each group as many as 41 people. Data were collected by measuring Body Mass Index, and blood pressure, interviews with the IPAQ-SF questionnaire, and the Brinkmann Index.Results: The results showed that the number of types of pesticides, genetic factors, and physical activity were the determining factors for the occurrence of type 2 DM. Respondents who used pesticides 2 types of pesticides had a 2.7 times risk of suffering from type 2 DM compared to those who used 1 type of pesticide. Respondents with a family history of DM have a 16.03 times possibility of suffering from DM compared to those without a family history of DM. Respondents with low physical activity had 4,154 chances of suffering from DM compared to respondents who had high physical activity.Conclusions: Promotive and preventive efforts are needed, especially for people who use pesticides 2 types of pesticides, family history of suffering from type 2 DM, and low physical activity. KEYWORD: agricultural population; risk factors; type 2 of DM
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jan 2023 18:50:48 +070
       
  • Evaluation of the provision of enteral nutrition in critically ill
           patients receiving mechanical ventilation

    • Authors: Meike Mayasari; Fella Farikhatul Mahmudah, Silviana Perwitasari, Umi Rahayu
      Abstract:                                                             ABSTRACTBackground: Providing enteral nutrition to ICU patients is often challenging, leading to sufficient enteral nutrition that is hardly achieved. This condition is caused by gastrointestinal motility disorder and other complications that often happen during enteral nutrition provision. Therefore, it is important to understand the level of nutritional support and the challenges in the form of interruption during enteral nutrition to critically ill patients receiving mechanical ventilation to optimise the benefit of nutritional support for patients, including reducing the duration of hospitalisation and mortality.Objectives: This study aims to evaluate the provision of enteral nutrition and identify the cause of interruption for patients with mechanical ventilation in one of the tertiary hospitals in Yogyakarta, Indonesia who receive enteral nutrition.Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. The subject of the study is patients who fulfil the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Inclusion criteria include patients who were in ICU for ≥72 hours, receiving mechanical ventilation. While the exclusion criteria include patients with contraindications for enteral nutrition such as unstable haemodynamic, bowel obstruction, persistent severe ileus, gastrointestinal bleeding, nasogastric tube (NGT) placement is not possible, patients receiving oral nutrition with non-invasive ventilation, patients with feeding tube before admission, or patients from other ICU or HCU.Results: Patients needed, on average, 13 hours to receive initial enteral nutrition (SD ± 9.89 hours), with a period between 0 – 50 hours since admission to ICU. The mean time for patients to receive full feeding is 4 days ± 2.4 days. On the other hand, 16 out of 75 patients (21.2%) did not reach the targeted intake during admission. The cause of the interruption of enteral nutrition includes gastric residual volume (GRV), percutaneous dilatation tracheostomy (PDT) procedure, vomiting, bloating, surgery, CT scan, etc.Conclusion: Many causes of interruption and inadequate intake of enteral nutrition can be prevented. The absence of protocol agreed upon by the patient care team could be one of the influencing factors.KEYWORD:  enteral nutrition; enteral nutrition interruption; mechanical ventilation 
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jan 2023 18:50:40 +070
       
  • Correlation of macronutrient intake and body fat precentage with menstrual
           cycle

    • Authors: Nadya Khaira Nurdi; Desmawati Desmawati, Nita Afriani
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Hasil Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2010 menyatakan bahwa terdapat sebanyak 13,7% wanita di Indonesia mengalami siklus menstruasi tidak teratur, 7,7% disebabkan oleh faktor pola hidup. Sumatera Barat merupakan provinsi tiga tertinggi gangguan siklus menstruasi di Indonesia, dengan prevalensi sebesar 19,1% (3).Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara jumlah asupan makronutrien dan kadar lemak tubuh dengan siklus menstruasi pada mahasiswi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas.Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan desain penelitian cross sectional. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Andalas pada bulan November 2021-September 2022, dengan jumlah sampel sebanyak 78 orang. Sampel diperoleh secara sistematis berdasarkan interval sampel. Pengumpulan data dilakukan secara langsung dengan cara pemeriksaan fisik dan pengisian kuesioner. Analisis bivariat dilakukan dengan uji t-independen dan analisis multivariat dilakukan dengan regresi logistik.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menyatakan bahwa 42,3% mahasiswi memiliki siklus menstruasi tidak normal, rerata jumlah asupan makronutrien (kalori total, karbohidrat, lemak, protein) dan kadar lemak tubuh mahasiswi adalah 2725,40±269,90 kkal, 378,86±40,70 gram, 90,58±14,40 gram, 98,54±11,36 gram, dan 36,19±7,02%. Uji T-independen menunjukkan bahwa terdapat hubungan yang bermakna antara jumlah asupan makronutrien (kalori total, karbohidrat, lemak, protein) dan kadar lemak tubuh dengan siklus menstruasi (p=0,000, 0,016, 0,005, 0,028, 0,000). Uji regresi logistik menunjukkan bahwa kadar lemak tubuh merupakan faktor yang paling dominan berhubungan dengan siklus menstruasi (p=0,000).Kesimpulan: Adanya hubungan yang bermakna antara jumlah asupan makonutrien dan kadar lemak tubuh dengan siklus mentruasi. Serta, kadar lemak tubuh merupakan faktor yang paling dominan berhubungan dengan siklus menstruasi. KATA KUNCI: asupan makronutrien; kadar lemak tubuh; siklus menstruasi ABSTRACTBackground: Indonesian Basic Health Research 2010 state that 13.7% of women in Indonesia with irregular menstrual cycles, 7,7% caused by lifestyle factors. West Sumatra is the third highest province of irregular menstruation prevalence in Indonesia, which is 19.1% (3).Objectives: The purpose of this research is to determine the relationship between macronutrient intake and body fat percentage with the menstrual cycle in female students Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University.Methods: This research type was an observational study with cross-sectional research design. This research was conducted at the Faculty of Medicine, Andalas University in November 2021-September 2022, with samples were 78 respondents. Samples were taken systematically based on sample intervals. Data were collected by physical examination and questionnaires. Bivariate analysis used an independent sample t-test and multivariate analysis used logistic regression.Results: The results of this research stated that 42,3% of respondents had irregular menstruation, the mean of macronutrient intake (calories, carbohydrate, fat, protein) and body fat percentage of respondents were 2725,40±269,90 kcal, 378,86±40,70 gram, 90,58±14,40 gram, 98,54±11,36 gram, and 36,19±7,02%. The independent sample T-test showed a significant relationship between of macronutrient intake (calories, carbohydrate, fat, protein) and body fat percentage with menstrual cycle (p=0,000, 0,016, 0.005, 0,028, and 0,000). The logistic regression test showed that body fat percentage as dominant factor of menstrual cycle (p=0,000).Conclusions: The conclusion of this research is a significant relationship between macronutrient intake and body fat percentage with the menstrual cycle. And also, body fat percentage as dominant factor of menstrual cycle.  KEYWORD:  body fat percentage;  macronutrients intake; menstrual cycle 
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jan 2023 18:50:26 +070
       
  • Predisposing, supporting and reinforcing factors of stunting risk: A
           case-control study

    • Authors: Rotua Sitorus; Dewi Sartika Munthe, Lidya Natalia Br Sinuhaji, Tetti Seriati Situmorang, Samsider Sitorus
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Pemerintah Indonesia telah menetapkan stunting sebagai isu prioritas nasional dalam Rencana Pembangunan Jangka Menengah Nasional (RPJMN) dengan target penurunan stunting yang signifikan sebesar 14% pada tahun 2024.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk membahas prevalensi terkini dan mengungkap faktor risiko terbesar kasus stunting di kota Medan dengan metode kuantitatif dengan desain case-control. Kasus stunting tertinggi di Kota Medan terdapat di Puskesmas Kecamatan Medan Tembung yaitu 442 anak dari 6.603 anak balita.Metode: Penelitian ini menggunakan desain kasus-kontrol. Data diperoleh dengan teknik purposive sampling. Data populasi adalah 442 ibu balita stunting yang terdiri dari 30 ibu sebagai kasus dan 30 ibu sebagai kontrol. Data dianalisis dengan analisis univariat, bivariat, dan multivariat.Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pengetahuan (p = 0,034), tindakan (p = 0,033), sikap (p = 0,029), dukungan kader (p = 0,027), pendapatan keluarga (p = 0,019), dan dukungan keluarga (p = 0,008). ) berpengaruh pada ibu yang berisiko melahirkan balita stunting. Dukungan keluarga yang buruk sebagai faktor dominan memiliki risiko 12,6 kali ibu melahirkan balita stunting.Kesimpulan: Kajian ini menyarankan agar Dinas Kesehatan Kota Medan memperkuat koordinasi lintas sektoral antara pemerintah kecamatan, puskesmas, dan kelurahan secara bersama-sama dan berkomitmen untuk menurunkan angka kejadian stunting di Kota Medan. KATA KUNCI: dukungan Keluarga; faktor risiko; Kota Medan; stunting   ABSTRACTBackground: The Indonesian government has designated stunting as a national priority issue in the National Medium-Term Development Plan (RPJMN) with a target of a significant stunting reduction to be 14 % in 2024.Objectives: This research aims to address the recent prevalence and to reveal the most risk factor of stunting cases in Medan city with a quantitative method with a case-control design. The highest cases of stunting in Medan city were found at the Public Health Center in Medan Tembung district, namely 442 children out of 6,603 children under five.Methods: This study used a case-control design. Data were obtained by the purposive sampling technique. The population data was 442 mothers with stunting toddlers consisting of 30 mothers as cases and 30 as controls. Data were analyzed by univariate, bivariate, and multivariate analyses.Results: The results showed that knowledge (p = 0.034), actions (p = 0.033), attitudes (p = 0.029), cadre support (p = 0.027), family income (p = 0.019), and family support (p = 0.008) had an effect on mothers at risk of giving birth to stunting toddlers. As the dominant factor, poor family support had a 12.6 times higher risk of mothers giving birth to stunted toddlers. Conclusions: This study suggests that the Health Services in Medan city must strengthen the cross-sectoral coordination between sub-district administrations, health centers, and villages jointly and commit to reducing the incidence of stunting in Medan city. KEYWORD: family support; risk factor; Medan city; stunting 
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jan 2023 18:50:14 +070
       
  • The effect of omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E supplementation on lipid
           profiles and inflammatory markers in hemodialysis patients: A systematic
           review of current literature

    • Authors: Ahila Meliana; Ameilia Anastasya Rahma Afizah, Nurina Hasanatuludhhiyah
      Abstract: ABSTRAK Latar Belakang: Kebutuhan terapi hemodialisis (HD) masih terus berkembang. Di Indonesia, HD mewakili 82% dari pelayanan cuci darah di Puskesmas Indonesia. Namun, HD menyebabkan peningkatan penanda inflamasi serta perubahan profil lipid. Kombinasi vitamin E dan asam lemak omega-3 dapat membantu mengurangi indikator inflamasi dan meningkatkan profil lipid.Tujuan: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh co-suplementasi vitamin E dan omega-3 terhadap profil lipid dan indikator inflamasi.Metode: Penelitian ini dilakukan di PubMed dan Google Scholar untuk mencari artikel-artikel secara sistematis, Kriteria inklusi yang digunakan adalah artikel bahasa Inggris dengan uji coba terkontrol acak (RCT) dan uji coba terkontrol (CT) yang menyelidiki efek vitamin E dan omega-3 pada profil lipid dan penanda inflamasi pasien hemodialisis. Semua artikel harus diterbitkan antara September 2013 - September 2022. AM dan AA melakukan seluruh proses penelitian sebagai reviewer dan seluruh ketidaksetujuan diselesaikan bersama NH sebagai penulis ketiga.Hasil: 1020 studi diidentifikasi dari database dan 12 artikel terpilih berdasarkan kriteria inklusi. Asam lemak omega-3 meningkatkan profil lipid, seperti kolesterol, LDL, HDL, dan trigliserida. Namun, studi ini hanya menemukan satu penelitian tentang efek vitamin E pada profil lipid. Asam lemak Omega-3 dan suplementasi vitamin E tidak memiliki efek signifikan pada penanda inflamasi, tetapi dampak suplementasi vitamin E pada tingkat IL-6 telah dilaporkan.Kesimpulan: Co-suplementasi Omega-3 dan vitamin E berpengaruh pada penurunan level indikator inflamasi dan profil lipid pasien hemodialisis. Kami merekomendasikan bahwa studi berikutnya harus berfokus pada penelitian uji klinis mengenai pengaruh suplementasi kombinasi ini terhadap indikator inflamasi dan profil lipid pasien hemodialisis. KATA KUNCI: hemodialisis; indikator inflamasi; omega-3; profil lipid; vitamin E ABSTRACTBackground: Hemodialysis therapy (HD) demands is still growing. In Indonesia, HD represents 82% of dialysis services in Indonesian health centers. However, HD causes an increase in inflammatory markers as well as lipid profile changes. The combination of vitamin E and omega-3 fatty acids can assist to decrease inflammatory indicators and enhance lipid profiles.Objectives: This study aims to investigate the effect of co-supplementation of vitamin E and omega-3 on lipid profiles and indicators of inflammation.Methods: This study was conducted on PubMed and Google Scholar to search articles systematically. The inclusion criteria used were English articles of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and controlled trials (CT) that investigated the effects of vitamin E and omega-3 on lipid profiles and inflammatory markers of hemodialysis patients. All articles must be published between September 2013 - September 2022. AM and AA conducted the entire research process as reviewers and all disagreements were finalized with NH as a third author.Results: 1020 studies were identified from databases. Afterward, this study included 12 articles based on the inclusion criteria. Omega-3 fatty acids improve lipid profiles, such as cholesterol, LDL, HDL, and triglyceride. While we only found a single study about the effect of vitamin E on lipid profile. Furthermore, omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin E supplementation have no significant effect on inflammatory markers, but the impact of vitamin E supplementation on IL-6 levels was reported.Conclusions: Co-supplementation of omega-3 and vitamin E decrease levels of inflammatory indicators and lipid profiles in hemodialysis patients. We recommend that future studies should focus on clinical trials to investigate the effect of this co-supplementation on lipid profiles and inflammatory markers of hemodialysis patients. KEYWORD: hemodialysis; inflammatory markers; lipid profiles; omega-3, vitamin E
      PubDate: Tue, 31 Jan 2023 18:50:01 +070
       
 
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