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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation
Number of Followers: 1  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2292-3071
Published by Canadian Association for Food Studies Homepage  [1 journal]
  • Momentum is building for a school food program for Canada

    • Authors: Carolyn Webb, Debbie Field
      Pages: 1 - 3
      Abstract: We’re at a tipping point towards our goal of ensuring that all children and youth can access healthy food at school. With momentum building for a Canada-wide school food program, and with many provinces and territories making their own investments and developing programs, we have a collective and unprecedented opportunity to influence the design and direction of school food programs, policy and funding for Canada and impact the lives of children and communities across the country.  The Coalition for Healthy School Food is very excited to welcome this edition of the Canadian Association for Food Studies Journal, which includes four articles on the issue of youth and food. We’re so pleased to see research on this theme that will inform the development of school food initiatives across the country.  
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
      DOI: 10.15353/cfs-rcea.v9i3.618
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • The good, the bad, and the ugly of COP26: A conversation with two food
           sovereignty activists

    • Authors: Jessie MacInnis, Roz Corbett, Annette Desmarais
      Pages: 4 - 16
      Abstract: The 26th UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) COP (Conference of Parties) took place in Glasgow, Scotland in November 2021 amidst intersecting global crises. The rising number and intensity of unprecedented extreme weather events in many countries, increased knowledge about industrial agriculture’s significant emission contributions to the climate crisis, and the vulnerability of the global food system in the wake of COVID-19 shocks should have positioned food and agriculture as priority items on the agenda. Yet, agriculture and food systems played only a minor role in COP26 negotiations, and vaccine apartheid limited the presence of the food sovereignty movement and broader grassroots voices in Glasgow. Corporate co-optation and flagrant greenwashing via net zero and false solution narratives dominated, yielding watered-down outcomes instead of the bold actions needed to tackle the climate crisis. In this report from the field, two food sovereignty activists dissect the accessibility of the official COP26 spaces and demonstrate how the negotiations failed to meaningfully integrate grassroots demands related to ecologically and socially just food and agriculture policy. They also reflect on their experiences in civil society-led spaces that fostered social movement building outside the doors of the official UNFCCC conference. It was in these interactions that activists wove threads of hope across sectors, social groups, and movements seeking climate justice.
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
      DOI: 10.15353/cfs-rcea.v9i3.586
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • COVID-19: First wave impacts on the Charitable Food Sector in Manitoba,
           Canada

    • Authors: Joyce Slater, Natalie Riediger, Bhanu Pilli, Kelsey Mann, Hannah Derksen, Avery L. Penner, Chantal Perchotte
      Pages: 17 - 35
      Abstract: The first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic led to significant socioeconomic changes in Canada due to business and school closures, and related job losses. This increased food insecurity among vulnerable populations, as well as many who had not been previously food insecure, placing unprecedented demand on charitable food organizations. This study documented the pandemic’s impact on charitable food organizations in Manitoba, Canada during the first wave in spring 2020. Using a multi-method design, data on pandemic-related program challenges and newly implemented policies/procedures were collected from: food bank organization websites and Facebook pages; online news media outlets; and semi-structured interviews with food organization leadership. Inductive thematic analysis was used to identify emerging patterns and themes. Second level coding was used to integrate data from different sources. Six challenge themes emerged: increased need for services; acquisition and distribution of food supply; staff and volunteer resource management; emotional vulnerability of staff, volunteers, and clients; difficulties with internal and external communications; and lack of structural supports. Five policy/procedure themes emerged: program and service delivery changes; finance and administrative changes; safety protocols; advocacy for resources and community engagement; and changes to paid and volunteer staffing. The first wave of COVID-19 had a significant impact on the Manitoba charitable food sector. Food banks re-configured programs to meet client needs amid shifting public health directives, with diminished resources, rising demand, and insufficient government support. Despite the resiliency of community food organizations during the pandemic, the status quo with respect to addressing food insecurity is inefficient and inadequate.
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
      DOI: 10.15353/cfs-rcea.v9i3.551
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • “It is the Wild West out here”

    • Authors: André Magnan, Mengistu Wendimu, Annette Desmarais, Katherine Aske
      Pages: 36 - 60
      Abstract: This research builds on the emerging body of literature investigating the implications of changing land tenure relations in the Prairie Provinces, where over 70% of Canada’s farmland is located. Through an analysis of survey data collected in 2019 from 400 grain farmers, we address the following research questions: How are farmers experiencing changing patterns of land tenure and control at the local level' What challenges and opportunities do farmers face in these changing farmland markets' And, how has the entry of new actors (farmland investors) changed relationships between landlords and tenants' Our findings suggest that those farmers who are witnessing the financialization of farmland in their regions view this phenomenon with alarm. Furthermore, we show that those who rent from corporate investors are more often subject to landlord influence over production practices and pay higher rental rates than those who rent from other landlord types. Concern about farmland concentration is widespread among Prairie farmers, with a variety of negative effects identified, including increased competition over land and the decline of local communities. We recommend that future research probe how different investor types (individual vs. corporate and/or institutional) engage in land markets, examine the gender dimensions of landlord-tenant relations, and engage in analyses that challenge the current iteration of the private property regime.
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
      DOI: 10.15353/cfs-rcea.v9i3.518
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Engaging youth in food preservation: Examining knowledge and practice on
           Canada’s West Coast

    • Authors: Majing Oloko, Maureen G. Reed, James P. Robson
      Pages: 61 - 86
      Abstract: Youth in remote communities of Canada, including those in the Clayoquot Sound UNESCO Biosphere Region (CSUBR), can benefit from building food preservation knowledge because of the additional challenges they experience accessing healthy food. Regrettably, youth in these areas are not adequately engaged in food practices within households that support knowledge building. Schools and community food programs that serve to fill such learning gaps lack food preservation content and are developed without input from youth. Consequently, youth in remote areas, including those in the CSUBR, lack food preservation learning opportunities. To address these gaps, we examine youth participation in food preservation in the CSUBR. We adopted a participatory approach to emphasize youth perspectives. This paper is based on interviews, food preservation workshops, and workshop evaluations with youth. The interviews provided multiple perspectives, including current youth engagement in food preservation activities and factors that hinder or motivate youth participation in food preservation. In addition, we organized food preservation workshops to support youth learning goals. These workshops were evaluated to highlight participants' experiences, including their efficacy in supporting food preservation knowledge building. Findings show that youth are not adequately participating in food preservation compared to other food provisioning activities. Factors such as the lack of teachers hinder youth from participating in food preservation. The workshops supported youth in building various food preservation techniques and learning about the cultural importance of food – important skills and knowledge to support youth food security and their community's food sovereignty.
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
      DOI: 10.15353/cfs-rcea.v9i3.523
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Food providers’ experiences with a central procurement school snack
           program

    • Authors: Mariam R Ismail, Jason A Gilliland, June I Matthews, Danielle S Battram
      Pages: 87 - 102
      Abstract: Universal, government-funded school food programs (SFPs) offer many benefits not only to the children they serve, but also to the communities that support them. To date, Canada does not have a national SFP. Thus, if one is to be considered, evaluations of current SFPs in a Canadian context are necessary. This study explored food providers’ experiences with the Centrally Procured School Food Program (CPSFP) in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. Twenty interviews were conducted with individuals involved in the production, procurement, and delivery of food to schools. Successes included improved economies of scale, increased profile and awareness of local food systems, and enhanced reach into schools. Challenges included inconsistent delivery times and unexpected food volumes that placed additional burdens on program implementation. Recommendations for program sustainability included enhanced engagement of partners, sustained funding to build capacity (including paid personnel), and more learning opportunities for students. Food providers gave insights on how the CPSFP can be improved and sustained into the future, as well as its potential to provide new opportunities for all stakeholders and have a positive impact on the local food system.
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
      DOI: 10.15353/cfs-rcea.v9i3.573
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Food insecurity on campus: A community-engaged case study with student-led
           families at the University of British Columbia

    • Authors: Claudia Paez-Varas, Gail Hammond
      Pages: 103 - 123
      Abstract: This paper draws from a community-engagement case study conducted at The University of British Columbia (UBC), Vancouver, Canada. The study examines food insecurity experienced by student families. Research data was collected through quantitative and qualitative methods applied in a residence on campus. The study shows that food insecurity ranges between marginal and moderate among surveyed student-led households; while 5% of student families have (at least) one member “go(ing) to bed feeling hungry”, 3% declared they “sometimes” and “frequently” do not eat enough. Seemingly, financial, food, and housing insecurities are deeply interrelated in student-led households. A system intervention by UBC stakeholders could be optimal to support student wellbeing.
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
      DOI: 10.15353/cfs-rcea.v9i3.576
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Operationalizing sustainable food systems through food programs in
           elementary schools

    • Authors: Tracy Everitt, Rachel Engler-Stringer, Wanda Martin
      Pages: 124 - 146
      Abstract: Healthy eating supports optimal growth, development, and academic achievement. Yet, the diet quality of school-aged children is poor. Food insecurity and chronic disease are concerns, as are unsustainable agricultural practices. Sustainable food systems have a low environmental impact and can address both dietary and sustainability concerns. This multi-case study was conducted in two Community Schools in a mid-sized Canadian city. Data was collected through interviews, observations, a checklist, and curriculum and policy review. The purpose of this study was to understand the capacity of local elementary schools to implement sustainable food systems strategies in curriculum, policy, and practice. Teachers were doing some cooking and gardening with students, and schools were doing some recycling. There were no specific food policies. Infrastructure challenges varied by school. Insufficient funding and curriculum resources were seen as barriers to implementing sustainable food systems. Staff characteristics and relationships were seen as facilitators. Schools can be positioned to be strong leaders in the area of school food by prioritizing food literacy and sustainable food system strategies and developing supportive policies, including community members and students in programming, and including experiential food production opportunities for all students.
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
      DOI: 10.15353/cfs-rcea.v9i3.482
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Proposing a Framework for School Food Program Evaluation in Canada

    • Authors: Tracy Everitt, Stephanie Ward, Wanda Martin, Rachel Engler-Stringer
      Pages: 147 - 175
      Abstract: Healthy eating in school-aged children supports optimal growth and learning; however, diet quality and food insecurity are a source of concern for many school-aged children in Canada. Canadian school-aged children’s diets are a concern. In 2019 the Canadian federal government announced the intention to work towards a National School Food Program. A nationally organized program can evolve and meet the needs of children if there is a national evaluation strategy developed along with the program. A scoping review published in 2019 consisted of reports of school food programs in Canada evaluating nutritional impacts and food system sustainability. Food system sustainability recognizes the full impact that school food programs can have on individual, community, and environmental health by integrating social determinants of health, food systems, and economic sustainability. We conducted a content analysis of the evaluation strategies of these programs. Of the 17 peer-reviewed and 18 grey literature publications in the initial scoping review, 12 peer-reviewed and seven grey literature publications contained an evaluation component. Components assessed social determinants of health, including changes in food intake, knowledge about local foods, educational and behavioural outcomes, general knowledge, intention to eat, and willingness to try new foods. An evaluation template for school food programs including categories for social systems, environmental and economic sustainability would capture elements contributing to program impact.
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
      DOI: 10.15353/cfs-rcea.v9i3.543
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2022)
       
  • Jessica Fanzo, (2021). Can fixing dinner fix the planet' John Hopkins
           University Press, reviewed by Kathleen Kevany

    • Authors: Kathleen May Kevany
      Pages: 176 - 178
      Abstract: Tasks undertaken at home have influence around the world. Eating patterns that citizens adopt or support have diverse impacts on the planet. What we fix for dinner may well help to fix the planet when lower emission foods, reduced waste, enhanced distribution, and equality are emphasized. Fanzo's book is an illuminating read for those new to food critique and those interested in her creative ways of weaving together an accessible systems analysis.
      PubDate: 2022-10-17
      DOI: 10.15353/cfs-rcea.v9i3.595
      Issue No: Vol. 9, No. 3 (2022)
       
 
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