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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition
Number of Followers: 6  
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 1929-4247
Published by Lifescience Global Homepage  [13 journals]
  • Diet during Pregnancy and Early Life and Molar Incisor Hypomineralization:
           A Systematic Review

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      Authors: Marta Mazur; Denise Corridore, Maciej Jedlinski, Artnora Ndokaj, Marsha Straker, Fabrizio Guerra
      Abstract: Introduction: Molar Incisor Hypomineralisation (MIH) is a clinical, highly prevalent worldwide condition described in the early 2000s. Evidence about its aetiology is still missing, and preventive strategies can’t be established. The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on possible correlations between maternal and infant nutrition during the first thousand days of life and the occurrence of MIH. Methods: Literature searches of free text and MeSH terms were performed using MedLine (PubMed), Scopus and Google Scholar (from 2017 to February 1st, 2023). Results: The search strategy identified 1815 potential articles: 99 from PubMed, 6 from Scopus, and 1710 from Google Scholar. After removing duplicates, papers not meeting the inclusion criteria or being irrelevant, 6 papers were included. They were published between 2019-2022 and were clinical trials or longitudinal studies conducted in Egypt, New Zealand, Turkey, Denmark, Germany and Norway. The sample size was 2005 subjects (mean: 334). All reporting data on MIH was diagnosed according to the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry criteria. The nutritional exposure variables were: i) malnutrition; ii) vitamin D serum levels in the mother and the child at different stages; iii) celiac disease; iv) the type of infant feeding, such as exclusive breastfeeding and/or type of weaning; v) supplementation with high-dose vitamin D during pregnancy. Conclusion: High-dose vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy may be protective against MIH in children. There is a need for structured epidemiological studies specifically designed to investigate the aetiology of MIH in mother-child cohorts.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • Assessment of the Feeding Practices in Infants and Young Children and its
           Association with Nutritional Status in Urban Areas

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      Authors: Aneesha Rajaram Naik; Sanjivani Vishwanath Patil
      Abstract: Background: Poor nutrition at an early age leads to malnutrition, which in turn leads to an increase in risks of repeated infections, which is responsible for the poor health of children. The nutritional status of a child is directly proportional to their feeding practices, which are dependent on the knowledge and practices followed by the mother. This study assesses the level of knowledge and practices among mothers on feeding practices for their infants and young children and its association with nutritional status. Methods and Materials: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the households of urban slums in the field practice area of the Urban Health Training Centre of a private medical college. A questionnaire consisting of sociodemographic data, knowledge of breastfeeding, knowledge of complementary feeding, and actual practices of feeding the children from 0 –2 years was used for data collection using Google Forms, followed by anthropometric measurements of the children with the help of WHO standardized growth charts to assess their nutritional status. Results: Out of 112 participants, 37.5% of the mothers were less than 25 years old. The mean age of the babies was found to be 11 + 6.49 months. 53.57% of mothers had good knowledge, and 72.32% of mothers followed correct feeding practices. Conclusion: There is a significant association of good knowledge among mothers with babies who did not show wasting. There is no association between knowledge and feeding practices being followed.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +000
  • A Randomized Control Trial to Assess the Efficacy and Safety of Manna Go
           Grains to Promote Growth, Immunity, and Well-Being in Children

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      Authors: Murugan Narayanaswamy; B. Divya, Rahul More, Navnath Jadhav, Gayatri Ganu
      Abstract: Objective: Nutrition in school-going children is crucial for their lifetime. India witnesses macro and micronutrient deficiencies in school-going children. The present study aims to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Manna go grains in promoting and improving growth, immunity, and well-being in children. Method: This was a 90-day randomized, controlled, parallel-arm clinical trial. 6-12 years old apparently healthy sixty-two children were randomized either into a test (Manna go grains plus milk) or a control group (milk) in a 1:1 ratio. We assessed changes in growth, immunity, appetite, and overall well-being before and after treatment. Result: The test group showed a significant increase in height, weight, height to age, and weight to age Z score and percentile, which was greater than the control group. There was significantly more improvement in VO2 max and appetite of children in the test group was observed as compared to the control group. A significant reduction in recurrent URTI episodes, sick days, recovery days, and missed school days was observed in the test group compared to the control. Memory questionnaire scores also increased significantly by 75% and 27.61% in the test and control groups. Test group parents reported significantly better growth, stamina, and immunity than the control group. There was clinically and statistically insignificant change in CBC, serum iron, serum calcium, and immunity markers like CD3, CD4, CD8, and IgG in both groups. Conclusion: Thus, Manna Go grains are thought to be a good candidate as a supplement for potentially stimulating growth and development in children and promoting their well-being.
      PubDate: Fri, 01 Dec 2023 00:00:00 +000
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