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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition
Number of Followers: 6  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 1929-4247
Published by Lifescience Global Homepage  [13 journals]
  • Effectiveness of Injectable Iron in the Management of Severe Iron
           Deficiency in Children in Ouagadougou

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      Authors: Roselyne Ouattara; Caroline Yonaba, Chantale Zoungrana, Angèle Zan, Flore Ouedraogo, Fla Koueta
      Abstract: Background: Iron deficiency anemia affects 90% of children in Burkina Faso. These studies on the effectiveness of injectable iron are rare in low-income countries with high infant and child mortality related to anemia. Methods: This has been an observational study to assess the effectiveness of injectable iron in children under five years old admitted to the pediatric ward of the Yalgado Ouédraogo University Teaching Hospital (YO-UTH), in 2019, in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. Findings: Thirty-five (35) children with severe iron deficiency anemia (average age 2.5 years), 60 %( n=21) of whom had decompensated anemia and required transfusion, were treated with injectable iron polymaltose hydroxide and followed up for one month. On average, 226.9± 45.5mg of iron were injected over an average treatment duration of three days. The mean hemoglobin count increased from 4.7± 0.95g/dl at baseline to 9.7±1g/dl (an increase of 4.9g/dl) one month later (p<0.001). The mean corpuscular volume increased from 66.7±4.7fl to 81.5±3.7fl (p<0.001), and that of the ferritinemia varied from 0.02±0.005μg/ml to 0.83±0.09μg/ml (an increase of 0.81μg/ml, p<0.001) and the mean sideremia increased from 4.8±2.1μmol/l to 40.4±5.5μmol/l. No side effects were noted. Conclusion: By avoiding transfusion in most patients, the use of injectable iron in proven and severe iron deficiency anemias could be a solution in case of blood deficit.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Fast Diagnostics of Urinary Tract Infections in Children using Dipsticks

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      Authors: Jan Tomasik; Przemysław Tomasik
      Abstract: This article presents a practical approach to the preliminary diagnosis of urinary tract infection in suspected children using a dipstick test for urine analysis. The urine dipstick test is considered a point of care testing, as well, in several countries, as a self-testing device or waived test. In the event that positive results are obtained, a subsequent laboratory evaluation is required. If properly performed and read, the dipstick test can become a valuable diagnostic and management tool in a primary care physician’s office. It allows the introduction of treatment and further clinical diagnosis. The test remains simple, quick, and inexpensive and should be widely used.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The Effect of Maternal Attitude on the Evaluation of Behavioral Feeding

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      Authors: Elif Esra Ozturk; Leyla Ozgen
      Abstract: Introduction: This study was planned to determine maternal attitudes' effect on behavioral pediatric feeding assessment in mothers with children aged 6-9 years. Methods: The sample consisted of 196 mothers with children aged 6-9 years. The Behavioral Pediatric Feeding Assessment Scale and the Hamel Maternal Attitude Scale were employed to assess behavioral pediatric feeding and maternal attitudes, respectively. Results: A significant correlation was found between the Behavioral Pediatric Feeding Assessment Scale total scores and the “authoritarian” subscale of the Hamel Maternal Attitude Scale. There were significant differences in the participants’ Behavioral Pediatric Feeding Assessment Scale scores in terms of children's ages and family types. Conclusion: As a result, it was determined that the mother's feeding behavior of her child is affected by both the factors related to her child, the environment in which she lives, and her own attitude.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +000
       
  • The Dietary Intake of Children Aged 6 to 59 Months and their Hemoglobin
           Concentration, Central Highland Ethiopia, Community Based Baseline Data

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      Authors: Abebe Ferede; Tefera Belachew, Muluemebet Abera
      Abstract: Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) in young children has lacked attention and priority in developing countries where illiteracy is the greatest encumbrance in the community. This study aimed to assess the hemoglobin level (Hgb) and linear growth of children for baseline data for optional intervention. Methods: Community-based cross-sectional study was carried out among women and their paired children. A multistage sampling method was involved in selecting the study area and 1012 mothers/caregivers and their paired children. Interviewed, blood samples, and anthropometry data were collected and analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics version 21. Statistical significance was declared at P<0.05 Results: All mothers with their paired children participated in the study. A high proportion (76.7%, n=776) of women aged 20 to 35 years and 505 (59.9%) of women had an awareness of IDA. The mean Hgb concentration of children was 128.23g/L (+ 17.3), and 184 (18.4 %) of the children had anemia, which was higher (24.1%) among age groups 6 -23 months. The highest proportion (42.1%, n = 426) of the children had stunted growth (Height for Age [HFA] Z score < -2 Standard Division [SD]) and a very high prevalence (24.6%, n = 251) of wasting (Weight for Height [WFH] Z score >-1SD) verified among children. The age of children is positively associated with Hgb level (β = 0.172, CI=0.01, 0.33). For a one-month increase in age, Hgb concentration increased by 0.170 mg/del. Conclusions: A very high growth defect and moderate IDA were observed among study subjects. Attentive intervention approaches are important in self-monitoring and a routine modification of used household foods in complementary feed with efficient iron nutrients to reduce growth defects.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +000
       
  • Dietary Pattern of School-Going Children during COVID-19 Pandemic

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      Authors: Brij Pal Singh; Mahak Sharma
      Abstract: Background: School age is the foundation of human life. A healthy and balanced diet plays a major role in the proper growth development of the body as well as the mind. Only a balanced diet can provide all the macro and micronutrients. Covid 19 has impacted each and every human being in some or another manner. School-going children had to cope with new encounters involving online teaching-learning methodology and social distancing. As a result, these children have undergone mental and psychological trauma. This led them to follow faulty dietary habits, which would have long time impact on their health. Aim and Objectives: In the present survey, an attempt has been made to compile a report on the dietary intake of school-going children in the Roopnagar district of Punjab, India. Methodology: For the purpose sample of 100 students (7 to 12 years) was selected from four development blocks of district Roopnagar, and the cluster sampling method was adopted for data collection. A detailed pretested questionnaire on the dietary habits of children was used. Results: 59% of children were vegetarian, 32% were non-vegetarian, and 9% were eggetarian. Study findings showed that children preferred some of the items such as wheat, rice, sugar, rajma, black gram, green gram, potato, tomato, onion, apple, banana, and grapes over other food items in the same food group. Conclusion: Results showed that children do not consume a variety of food items, and some selected food items only resulting low dietary diversity and food variety.
      PubDate: Tue, 15 Nov 2022 00:00:00 +000
       
 
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