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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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American Journal of Food and Nutrition
Number of Followers: 46  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2374-1155 - ISSN (Online) 2374-1163
Published by Science and Education Publishing Homepage  [75 journals]
  • Knowledge of Breastfeeding Practices for Infants Aged 0 to 6 Months from
           the Municipality of Abobo (Abidjan, Ivory Coast)

    • Authors: Adepo Yapo Prospèr; Atto Virginie, Fofana Ibrahim, Chatigre Kouamé Olivier, KATI-Coulibaly Séraphin
      Pages: 40 - 44
      Abstract: The objective of this study is to identify the difficulties related to the practice of exclusive breastfeeding of infants from birth to 6 months with a view to finding sustainable solutions for its implementation. The survey was a descriptive and analytical cross-sectional study conducted on a sample of 200 women from low-income households. The survey location is the commune of Abobo and the period indicated is from October 7, 2020 to February 7, 2021. After the survey, it was found that the difficulties related to the decline in exclusive breastfeeding are related to insufficient production of breast milk, fatigue, daily occupation of the mother, pain and cracking of the nipple, stress, poor health of the mother and atrophy of the udder. Taking into account the recommendations will boost the competitiveness of exclusive breastfeeding in relation to the nutritional status of infants by ensuring food security for infants. But also, it will allow to reach the millennium objective of the WHO and the UNICEF which is to exclusively breastfeed the infant from 0 to 6 months.
      PubDate: 2022-08-07
      DOI: 10.12691/ajfn-10-2-1
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Study of the Biochemical and Phytochemical Composition of Carapa procera
           (Meliaceae) Almonds from the Côte d'Ivoire Center

    • Authors: Fofana Nakêmin Hadja; Koffi Kouamé Mathias, Fofana Ibrahim
      Pages: 45 - 49
      Abstract: Carapa procera DC (Meliaceae) is a species known in the rural and scientific world for its cosmetic and medicinal virtues for human and animal health. This study aims to contribute to the valorisation of Carapa procera kernels in the food industry. Thus, the physicochemical and phytochemical characteristics of Carapa procera kernels were evaluated according to usual laboratory methods. The evaluation of the parameters led to the following results : 25.06 ± 1.22 g/100g moisture, 5.8 pH, 3 g/100g ash, 61.4 ± 1.24 g/100g crude fat, (3.5 ± 0. 17 g/100g protein, 21.83 ± 1.2g/100g crude fiber, 10.27 g/100g carbohydrates, 607.68 Kcal/100g energy value, 0.9 ± 0.05 g/100g total sugars and 0.26 ± 0.02 g/100g reducing sugars. The determination of minerals by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer showed that the almonds contain (mg/100g) : K/135.815 ± 3.57, Mg/46.651 ± 0.86, Ca/32.385 ± 0.34, Na/9.9 ± 1.27, Fe/1.141 ± 0.6, Cu/0.606 ± 0.10, Zn/0.598 ± 0.01 and Mn/0.56 ± 0.11. The phytochemical parameters show the presence of secondary metabolites such as flavonoids, tannins, terpenes and sterols. And, the contents of total phenols (2369.846 ± 10.87 mg GAE/100g DM), flavonoids (49.393 ± 0.37 mgEquercetin/100g DM), tannins (84.667 ± 0.32 mgEATanninic/100g DM) and phytates (0.208 ± 0.3 mgEAPhytic/100g DM). In short, Carapa procera kernels present interesting nutritional and phytochemical potentials to be valorised in food and agro-industry.
      PubDate: 2022-08-14
      DOI: 10.12691/ajfn-10-2-2
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Assessment of the Nutritional Status and Eating Habits of Pregnant Women
           in Rural Areas (Case of the City of Man)

    • Authors: SORO Lêniféré Chantal; GNANWA Mankambou Jacques, KOUADIO Kouakou Kouassi Armand, ANIN-ATCHIBRI ANIN LOUISE
      Pages: 50 - 56
      Abstract: Diet is an important factor for the smooth running of pregnancy and the growth of the fetus. It is the most decisive if a good adequacy of food intake to needs is respected. During our study, 90 pregnant women were interviewed in the city of Man. This is a qualitative study whose variables included in the survey are social status, professional and cultural status, state of health, food consumption, food habits, food restrictions. The results of the survey revealed that the majority of the women surveyed, i.e. 53.33%, were between 20 and 29 years old, 40 % of them were between 15 and 19 years old and only 6.67 % had the between 30 and 33 years old. The percentage of women with a normal BMI (Body Mass Index) is 76.67 % and those with overweight have a rate equivalent to 16.67%. The results of eating habits reveal that 70 % of pregnant women consume fruit and 30% do not. Regarding vegetables, 93% consume them and 7% do not consume them. The results of the survey revealed that 3.33% of respondents respect the PNNS recommendation (consume 3 meals a day) but 96.67% consume more than three meals a day, which can lead to risks of obesity. All these results describe that the food ration of the women surveyed in the city of Man is rich in fruits, vegetables, proteins, only the number of meals consumed by these women is higher than normal. This may be due to women's lack of awareness regarding diet during pregnancy. Poor consumption of a balanced diet could lead to poor weight gain during pregnancy, increasing the risk of premature delivery, low birth weight and birth defects.
      PubDate: 2022-08-23
      DOI: 10.12691/ajfn-10-2-3
      Issue No: Vol. 10, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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