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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Number of Followers: 10  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2333-1119 - ISSN (Online) 2333-1240
Published by Science and Education Publishing Homepage  [75 journals]
  • Anthocyanin Stability in a Mix of Phenolic Extracts Microencapsulated by
           Maltodextrine, Whey Protein and Gum Arabic

    • Authors: Juliana de Cássia Gomes da Rocha; Thaís Caroline Buttow Rigolon, Larissa Lorrane Rodrigues Borges, Amanda Laís Alves Almeida Nascimento, Nathália de Andrade Neves, Ítalo tuler Perrone, Rodrigo Stephani, Paulo César Stringheta
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: The objective of this work was to study the stability of the anthocyanins in a mixture of of jabuticaba, jussara and blueberry phenolic extracts microencapsulated by the spray drying technique during storage under different conditions: light, dark and 40°C. Combinations of maltodextrin, gum arabic and whey protein encapsulating agents were used, totaling 12 assays. The mean values of total anthocyanins among the three storage conditions for the M1 mixture were 1360.86 mg·100 g-1 to 1184.15 mg·100 g-1, at 0 and 75 days of storage. The overall color difference values for all samples were less than 5.0, indicating that there were no perceptible color differences between them throughout the stability study. M1 and M3 presented good rehydration capacity and smaller particle size among the samples evaluated. The microencapsulation technique was successfully applied to maintain the stability of the anthocyanins from a blend phenolic extract under different storage conditions.
      PubDate: 2023-01-03
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-1
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Ethnobotanical and Biochemical Data Bring no Evidence to Clarify the
           Biosystematics of Irvingia gabonensis and I. wombolu (Irvingiaceae): A
           Review

    • Authors: Vihotogbé R, Sossa-Vihotogbé CNA, Avocèvou-Ayisso C; Assogbadjo AE, Akissoé NH, Gebauer J, Sinsin B
      Pages: 13 - 24
      Abstract: Irvingia gabonensis and I. wombolu are two Irvingiaceae species with economic significance, because of their valuable kernels for West and Central Africans to thicken sauces. They are called sweet/edible – and bitter/inedible – fruited African bush mango trees (ABMTs), respectively, because of the taste of their mango – like fruit. The striking difference in fruit pulp taste clearly discriminates between Irvingia gabonensis and I. wombolu trees, which are morphologically very similar. Experts profoundly disagree on the taxonomic significance of differences among bush mango trees to allow classification of Irvingia gabonensis and I. wombolu as clearly different species. Therefore, the random species or variety consideration in researches indicates difficulty to define taxonomic units, which is vital for effective conservation and use of ABMT germplasm, because the source of tree – to tree variations is uncertain. This paper reviews ethnobotanical and biochemical data on ABMTs in order to evaluate their contribution to the biosystematics of I. gabonensis and I. wombolu. Thus, information on local uses (food and medicinal applications) and biochemical data of the kernel, pulp, leaves and bark are compared, and their implications for the distinction between I. gabonensis and I. wombolu are discussed. We evidenced a lack of comparative data related to ethnobotanical and many phytochemical aspects, mostly on the bark, leaves and roots. We hypothesised obvious misidentifications causing conflicting patterns, but no evidence of any phytochemical dissimilarity was found between I. gabonensis and I. wombolu. Kernel macronutrient composition, diversity, types and abundance of fatty acids in the kernel oil and the functional and therapeutic properties of this oil do not allow to discriminate between both species. Moreover, there is no correlation among patterns of lipophilic components profile, composition in fatty acids in the oil, geographical distribution of ABMTs. We interpreted these random patterns within ABMTs as tree – to – tree variations and this explains the vast co-occurrence of both taxa. However, consistent differences in fruit pulp taste across contrasting ecological conditions imply significant phytochemical differentiation between I. gabonensis and I. wombolu. This needs to be thoroughly re-evaluated and correlation with genetic data will clarify the taxonomic issue.
      PubDate: 2023-01-03
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-2
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • The Effect of Anti-nutrition and Bioavailability of Iron of Moringa
           Oleifera on Rat Hematology Model Iron Deficiency Anemia. Review Article

    • Authors: Laode Muslimin; Ramdan Panigoro, Gaga Irawan Nugraha, Susi Susanah, Gemilang Lara Utama, Mas Rizki A.Asyamsumarno, Tasnim
      Pages: 25 - 36
      Abstract: Anemia is one of the current health problems, about 50% of anemia is caused by dengue fever so this situation has become a global problem that harms human health, and the social and economic development of the country. The purpose of this review is to examine the implications of drying and fermentation processing methods, anti-nutrients and iron bioavailability of Moringa leaves on parameters of iron deficiency anemia. The narrative method describes research results based on inclusion criteria through article searches in the Google Scholar, PubMed, and Garuda databases. 54 articles corroborate the claims of the effectiveness of Moringa leaves in the treatment of iron deficiency anemia. consists of 34 preclinical research articles using mouse models. Moringa leaf supplementation as an anti-anemia in iron deficiency anemia rat model can be in the form of extract or dry powder and obtained from different processing methods. Moringa leaves are processed into a dry extract and/or dry powder capable of ameliorating hematological and biochemical parameters in preclinical research. The processing method has an impact on changes in anti-nutritional and iron bioavailability of Moringa leaves which have a positive impact on indicators of iron deficiency anemia.
      PubDate: 2023-01-09
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-3
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Effects of Different Variety and Phosphorus Fertilizer Applications on
           Grain Starch Characteristics and Nutrient Composition of Winter Wheat
           (Triticum aestivum L.) in Shanxi Province Taigu China

    • Authors: Shurong Wang; Hafeez Noor, Zhili Guo
      Pages: 37 - 45
      Abstract: Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). It plays an important role in ensuring food security and improving people's living standards in China. Few studies have been conducted on how to get high yield and efficient resource use efficiency simultaneously Therefore, field experiment with treatments using three varieties, Yangnong-1212 (YN1212), Shannong-29 (SN-29), Jimai-44 (JM-44) and three phosphorus (P) application rates (0, 150, and 300 kg ha−1, represented as P0, P150, and P300, respectively) were conducted from 2019 to 2020. The results showed that the yield with P application had an increase by 2.0%–4.8% compared to P0 treatment, however, there was no significant increase with further increase in P application. Grain yield was 33.6% and 14.1% higher in YN-1212 than that in SN-29 and JM-44, respectively. The longer growth duration, higher leaf area index at anthesis and stronger P uptake capacity led to higher dry matter accumulation for YN-1212. Higher dry matter production of YN-1212 was attributed to increased pre-anthesis dry weight and post-anthesis dry weight. YN-1212 had higher P use efficiency for grain production than SN-29 by 25.0% and JM-44 by 6.7%, respectively. Higher total P quantity of YN-1212 was observed than that in SN-29 and JM-44, which was due to higher pre-anthesis P uptake and post-anthesis P uptake. Therefore, YN-1212 could exhibited both high PUE and grain yield simultaneously with P application of 150 kg ha−1 in Middle Shanxi, China.
      PubDate: 2023-01-09
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-4
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) Cloning and Functional Analysis of
           Callose Gene SbGlu1 in Protein Content

    • Authors: Shen Hui Yong; Hafeez Noor, Dang Dexuan, Gao Haiyan, Liu Peng, Zhang Yuan qing, Cheng Qingjun
      Pages: 46 - 56
      Abstract: The Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) Moench is a variant of grain sorghum, which origins in Africa. Due to its high sugar and tolerance, it has been considered as a potentially useful energy crop and received more attention. However, less study on sweet sorghum has been performed in physiology and molecular by Al stress. These results illustrated that the decrease of β-1,3-glucanase activity by Al could lead to callose accumulation. In POTCHETSTRM, five β-1,3-glucanase genes expression were up-regulated, and a gene expression was down-regulated. In ROMA, only one β-1,3-glucanase gene, SbGlu1 (Sb03g045630.1) expressed response to Al, and the expression was higher in ROMA than in POTCHETSTRM. The expression levels of six callose synthase-like genes were very low exposure of 10 µM Al upon to 24 h in ROMA, but POTCHETSTRM exhibited the highest expression level only at 24 h. Therefore, callose synthase-like genes maybe regulate callose deposition in the later stage of Al stress in sweet sorghum. The SbGlu1 expression positively correlated with callose content in both cultivars. The SbGlu1 expression maybe involve in callose degradation in sweet sorghum by Al stress. The full-length cDNAs of SbGlu1 were cloned from the root tips of both ROMA and POTCHETSTRM, respectively. The SbGlu1 were transient expressed in onion epidermal cells for subcellular localization, showed that SbGLU1 is soluble with no specificity localization.
      PubDate: 2023-01-10
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-5
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Therapeutic Efficacy of Chrysoeriol on Doxorubicin-induced Liver Damage by
           Improving Biochemical and Histological Profile in Rats

    • Authors: Muhammad Umar Ijaz; Tahreem Fatima, Moazama Batool, Rabia Azmat, Ambreen Sadaf, Namra Ghafoor, Mehrab Khalil
      Pages: 57 - 62
      Abstract: Doxorubicin (DOX) is a commonly prescribed, potent anti-cancer drug, however, its clinical administration is restricted due to its serious organotoxic potential especially hepatotoxicity. Chrysoeriol (CSR) is a natural flavonoid, which exhibits putative antioxidant and free-radical scavenging activities. This research was planned to assess the hepatoprotective potential of CSR against DOX-prompted hepatic damage in male albino rats. 48 rats were segregated into four group viz. Control, DOX-treated group (3 mgkg-1), DOX + CSR-treated group (3 mgkg-1 + 20 mgkg-1) and CSR-treated group (20 mgkg-1). DOX treatment induced liver toxicity as indicated by the significant elevation in the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Additionally, DOX exposure disrupted the biochemical profile by decreasing the activities of antioxidant enzymes i.e., catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GSR) and glutathione S-transferase (GST), while raised the levels of ROS and MDA. Furthermore, inflammatory markers level such as nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) as well as Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity were also increased. Besides the level of pro-apoptotic markers i.e., Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 were raised, while the level of anti-apoptotic protein, Bcl-2 was reduced following the DOX intoxication. In DOX-treated rats, Histopathological observation indicated substantial hepatic tissue damage. However co-treatment with chrysoeriol remarkably reversed all the aforementioned hepatic damages. CSR demonstrated promising hepatoprotective potential through exerting antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties.
      PubDate: 2023-01-10
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-6
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) Genome-Wide Analysis of Glutathione
           S-transferase (CqGSTs) and Transcription Factor bHLH Family Study on Their
           Salt Tolerance Function

    • Authors: Kaiyuan Cui; Zhijun Qiang, Rongzhen Wang, Pengcheng Ding, Aixia Ren, Linghong Li, Hafeez Noor, Xiangyun Wu, Min Sun, Zhiqiang Gao
      Pages: 63 - 83
      Abstract: Since the industrial Revolution, as the global economy has boomed and the agricultural population has expanded. Excessive use of chemical fertilizer and unreasonable farming methods make soil salinization more and more serious. Chenopodium quinoa, it has unique nutritional value and strong stress resistance and adaptability, under the background of soil salinization, quinoa has been widely studied as a halophyte model. With the release of high-quality genome of quinoa, more and more salt-tolerant genes of quinoa have been cloned gradually. Bioinformatics and expression analysis of GST gene in quinoa in this study, 114 CqGST genes were identified from the whole genome of quinoa by bioinformatics methods. The phylogenetic tree showed that 114 CqGST genes were divided into seven subgroups: GSTU (68 members), GSTF (23 members), GST members), GSTZ (6 members), GSTT (5 members), DHAR (4 members) and TCHQD (2 members). Gene structure and Motif analysis showed high similarity among members of each subgroup. Phylogenetic analysis of these genes suggested that tandem and fragment replication events played a key role in the expansion of the CqGSTs gene family, and the CqGST genes may have undergone strong purification selection during the evolution process. Analysis of salt-treated transcriptome from the roots of salt-tolerant and salt-sensitive quinoa cultivars showed that Salt treatment induced changes in the expression levels of CqGSTs genes, and eight CqGST genes (CqDHAR2, CqDHAR3, CqGSTU22, CqGSTU44, CqGSTU60, CqGSTU63, CqGSTU67, CqGSTU68) were steadily up-regulated in both cultivars. RT-qPCR results showed that these selected CqGST genes were not only induced by salt stress, but also by drought stress.
      PubDate: 2023-01-10
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-7
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Preparation and Cellular Absorption of Zinc-chelating Peptides Derived
           from Sika Deer Blood

    • Authors: Tian Tian; Yao Sun, Wen-xuan Zhu, Xiao-chen Gao, Li-wen Tang
      Pages: 84 - 95
      Abstract: In order to prepare a zinc nutritional fortifier which was easily absorbed by human body and improved the utilization rate of sika deer blood. In this research, response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize the preparation conditions of zinc chelate sika deer blood polypeptide (SDBP). The peak chelated rate was 82.1% and zinc content was 21.3mg/mL. Used deer blood and zinc sulfate as raw materials and zinc chelated rate as an indicator, the effect of pH, reaction time, peptide zinc mass ratio and reaction temperature on zinc chelating rate were investigated by single factor text. The optimal condition for the chelation reaction was that mass ratio of peptide: zinc 2:1, pH 6 and 60°C for 60 min. The structure of zinc chelated by SDBP was characterized by UV, FTIR, SEM, molecular weight and particle size analysis elt. FTIR proved that SDBPCZ had sufficient metal binding sites. The bioavailability of zinc ion in sika deer blood peptide chelated zinc(SDBPCZ) was determined by simulating gastrointestinal digestion and absorption in vitro. Experimental synthesis showed that SDBPCZ exhibited better zinc solubility and had higher dialyzable than ZnSO4. These results might provide insights into the methods for developing functional foods such as zinc-fortified.
      PubDate: 2023-01-12
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-8
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
       
  • Effects of Soaking, Cooking, and Steaming Treatments on the Faba Bean
           Seeds’ Total Bioactive Compounds Content and Antioxidant Activity

    • Authors: Almagor Meital; Demri Avi, Galili Liel, Bellalou Aharon, Amir-Segev Orit, Galili Shmuel
      Pages: 96 - 101
      Abstract: Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is a winter-sowing grain legume with high-protein content utilized for human consumption and animal feeding. Faba beans contain high levels of polyphenol compounds with various nutritional benefits. Legume seeds, such as faba beans, are subject to different processing procedures before consumption, which decreases the levels of their bioactive compounds (polyphenols and flavonoids), resulting in a reduction in antioxidant activity. This study aimed to examine the influence of soaking, cooking, and steaming treatments on the total polyphenols, total flavonoid, and antioxidant activity levels of Broad (large) and Field (small) faba beans. Initially, the influence of the different extraction solvents on total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), and ferric reduction ability of plasma antioxidant activity (FRAP), variables were inspected, wherein the extraction efficiency. 70% acidic acetone treatment was found to be the best solvent for extraction. Then, we determined the soaking, cooking, and steaming effects on TPC, TFC, and FRAP levels compared to dry seeds as the control. It was found that the various processes resulted in a significant reduction in the level of these components in the processed seeds of both Broad and Field beans. Nevertheless, the soaking treatment resulted in the smallest reduction. In addition, steaming caused a more moderate decline among the cooking types. Therefore, to maintain a higher level of these three ingredients in the final product, it is better to steam the seeds than cook them.
      PubDate: 2023-01-16
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-9
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
       
 
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