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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
Showing 1 - 64 of 64 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Portuguesa de Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Eating Disorders : Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 178)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Appetite     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Arab Journal of Nutrition and Exercise     Open Access  
Archive of Food and Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bangladesh Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
British Journal Of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 96)
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Childhood Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94)
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Clinical Nutrition Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Nutrition Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Nutrition Open Science     Open Access  
Clinical Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Nutrition Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
DEMETRA : Alimentação, Nutrição & Saúde     Open Access  
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Ecology of Food and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Egyptian Journal of Nutrition and Health     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ernährung & Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
European Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Food and Environmental Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Foodways: Explorations in the History and Culture of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Food and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Food, Culture and Society: An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Frontiers in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Functional Foods in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Genes & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Human Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Eating Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Transplant and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 93)
International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Journal of Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Dietary Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food & Nutritional Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medicinal Herbs and Ethnomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of Muscle Foods     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Nutritional Ecology and Food Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 61)
Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia : Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia / The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition     Open Access  
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan     Open Access  
La Ciencia al Servicio de la Salud y Nutrición     Open Access  
Lifestyle Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lifestyle Journal     Open Access  
Maternal & Child Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Médecine & Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription  
Media Gizi Indonesia     Open Access  
Metabolism and Nutrition in Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
NFS Journal     Open Access  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
npj Science of Food     Open Access  
Nutrición Hospitalaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrients     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Nutrire     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Nutrition & Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Nutrition - Science en évolution     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition and Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Nutrition and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nutrition and Metabolic Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Nutrition Bytes     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Nutrition Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Nutrition Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutritional Neuroscience : An International Journal on Nutrition, Diet and Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Obesity Facts     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Obesity Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Oil Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Food Science Journal     Open Access  
Open Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Obesity Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pediatric Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
PharmaNutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Plant Production Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Public Health Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBONE - Revista Brasileira de Obesidade, Nutrição e Emagrecimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chilena de Nutricion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Salud Pública y Nutrición     Open Access  
Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional     Open Access  
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
The Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Topics in Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
UNICIÊNCIAS     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Food and Nutrition Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research
Number of Followers: 10  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 2333-1119 - ISSN (Online) 2333-1240
Published by Science and Education Publishing Homepage  [75 journals]
  • Anthocyanin Stability in a Mix of Phenolic Extracts Microencapsulated by
           Maltodextrine, Whey Protein and Gum Arabic

    • Authors: Juliana de Cássia Gomes da Rocha; Thaís Caroline Buttow Rigolon, Larissa Lorrane Rodrigues Borges, Amanda Laís Alves Almeida Nascimento, Nathália de Andrade Neves, Ítalo tuler Perrone, Rodrigo Stephani, Paulo César Stringheta
      Pages: 1 - 12
      Abstract: The objective of this work was to study the stability of the anthocyanins in a mixture of of jabuticaba, jussara and blueberry phenolic extracts microencapsulated by the spray drying technique during storage under different conditions: light, dark and 40°C. Combinations of maltodextrin, gum arabic and whey protein encapsulating agents were used, totaling 12 assays. The mean values of total anthocyanins among the three storage conditions for the M1 mixture were 1360.86 mg·100 g-1 to 1184.15 mg·100 g-1, at 0 and 75 days of storage. The overall color difference values for all samples were less than 5.0, indicating that there were no perceptible color differences between them throughout the stability study. M1 and M3 presented good rehydration capacity and smaller particle size among the samples evaluated. The microencapsulation technique was successfully applied to maintain the stability of the anthocyanins from a blend phenolic extract under different storage conditions.
      PubDate: 2023-01-03
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-1
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
  • Ethnobotanical and Biochemical Data Bring no Evidence to Clarify the
           Biosystematics of Irvingia gabonensis and I. wombolu (Irvingiaceae): A

    • Authors: Vihotogbé R, Sossa-Vihotogbé CNA, Avocèvou-Ayisso C; Assogbadjo AE, Akissoé NH, Gebauer J, Sinsin B
      Pages: 13 - 24
      Abstract: Irvingia gabonensis and I. wombolu are two Irvingiaceae species with economic significance, because of their valuable kernels for West and Central Africans to thicken sauces. They are called sweet/edible – and bitter/inedible – fruited African bush mango trees (ABMTs), respectively, because of the taste of their mango – like fruit. The striking difference in fruit pulp taste clearly discriminates between Irvingia gabonensis and I. wombolu trees, which are morphologically very similar. Experts profoundly disagree on the taxonomic significance of differences among bush mango trees to allow classification of Irvingia gabonensis and I. wombolu as clearly different species. Therefore, the random species or variety consideration in researches indicates difficulty to define taxonomic units, which is vital for effective conservation and use of ABMT germplasm, because the source of tree – to tree variations is uncertain. This paper reviews ethnobotanical and biochemical data on ABMTs in order to evaluate their contribution to the biosystematics of I. gabonensis and I. wombolu. Thus, information on local uses (food and medicinal applications) and biochemical data of the kernel, pulp, leaves and bark are compared, and their implications for the distinction between I. gabonensis and I. wombolu are discussed. We evidenced a lack of comparative data related to ethnobotanical and many phytochemical aspects, mostly on the bark, leaves and roots. We hypothesised obvious misidentifications causing conflicting patterns, but no evidence of any phytochemical dissimilarity was found between I. gabonensis and I. wombolu. Kernel macronutrient composition, diversity, types and abundance of fatty acids in the kernel oil and the functional and therapeutic properties of this oil do not allow to discriminate between both species. Moreover, there is no correlation among patterns of lipophilic components profile, composition in fatty acids in the oil, geographical distribution of ABMTs. We interpreted these random patterns within ABMTs as tree – to – tree variations and this explains the vast co-occurrence of both taxa. However, consistent differences in fruit pulp taste across contrasting ecological conditions imply significant phytochemical differentiation between I. gabonensis and I. wombolu. This needs to be thoroughly re-evaluated and correlation with genetic data will clarify the taxonomic issue.
      PubDate: 2023-01-03
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-2
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
  • The Effect of Anti-nutrition and Bioavailability of Iron of Moringa
           Oleifera on Rat Hematology Model Iron Deficiency Anemia. Review Article

    • Authors: Laode Muslimin; Ramdan Panigoro, Gaga Irawan Nugraha, Susi Susanah, Gemilang Lara Utama, Mas Rizki A.Asyamsumarno, Tasnim
      Pages: 25 - 36
      Abstract: Anemia is one of the current health problems, about 50% of anemia is caused by dengue fever so this situation has become a global problem that harms human health, and the social and economic development of the country. The purpose of this review is to examine the implications of drying and fermentation processing methods, anti-nutrients and iron bioavailability of Moringa leaves on parameters of iron deficiency anemia. The narrative method describes research results based on inclusion criteria through article searches in the Google Scholar, PubMed, and Garuda databases. 54 articles corroborate the claims of the effectiveness of Moringa leaves in the treatment of iron deficiency anemia. consists of 34 preclinical research articles using mouse models. Moringa leaf supplementation as an anti-anemia in iron deficiency anemia rat model can be in the form of extract or dry powder and obtained from different processing methods. Moringa leaves are processed into a dry extract and/or dry powder capable of ameliorating hematological and biochemical parameters in preclinical research. The processing method has an impact on changes in anti-nutritional and iron bioavailability of Moringa leaves which have a positive impact on indicators of iron deficiency anemia.
      PubDate: 2023-01-09
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-3
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
  • Effects of Different Variety and Phosphorus Fertilizer Applications on
           Grain Starch Characteristics and Nutrient Composition of Winter Wheat
           (Triticum aestivum L.) in Shanxi Province Taigu China

    • Authors: Shurong Wang; Hafeez Noor, Zhili Guo
      Pages: 37 - 45
      Abstract: Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). It plays an important role in ensuring food security and improving people's living standards in China. Few studies have been conducted on how to get high yield and efficient resource use efficiency simultaneously Therefore, field experiment with treatments using three varieties, Yangnong-1212 (YN1212), Shannong-29 (SN-29), Jimai-44 (JM-44) and three phosphorus (P) application rates (0, 150, and 300 kg ha−1, represented as P0, P150, and P300, respectively) were conducted from 2019 to 2020. The results showed that the yield with P application had an increase by 2.0%–4.8% compared to P0 treatment, however, there was no significant increase with further increase in P application. Grain yield was 33.6% and 14.1% higher in YN-1212 than that in SN-29 and JM-44, respectively. The longer growth duration, higher leaf area index at anthesis and stronger P uptake capacity led to higher dry matter accumulation for YN-1212. Higher dry matter production of YN-1212 was attributed to increased pre-anthesis dry weight and post-anthesis dry weight. YN-1212 had higher P use efficiency for grain production than SN-29 by 25.0% and JM-44 by 6.7%, respectively. Higher total P quantity of YN-1212 was observed than that in SN-29 and JM-44, which was due to higher pre-anthesis P uptake and post-anthesis P uptake. Therefore, YN-1212 could exhibited both high PUE and grain yield simultaneously with P application of 150 kg ha−1 in Middle Shanxi, China.
      PubDate: 2023-01-09
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-4
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
  • Sweet Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) Cloning and Functional Analysis of
           Callose Gene SbGlu1 in Protein Content

    • Authors: Shen Hui Yong; Hafeez Noor, Dang Dexuan, Gao Haiyan, Liu Peng, Zhang Yuan qing, Cheng Qingjun
      Pages: 46 - 56
      Abstract: The Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.) Moench is a variant of grain sorghum, which origins in Africa. Due to its high sugar and tolerance, it has been considered as a potentially useful energy crop and received more attention. However, less study on sweet sorghum has been performed in physiology and molecular by Al stress. These results illustrated that the decrease of β-1,3-glucanase activity by Al could lead to callose accumulation. In POTCHETSTRM, five β-1,3-glucanase genes expression were up-regulated, and a gene expression was down-regulated. In ROMA, only one β-1,3-glucanase gene, SbGlu1 (Sb03g045630.1) expressed response to Al, and the expression was higher in ROMA than in POTCHETSTRM. The expression levels of six callose synthase-like genes were very low exposure of 10 µM Al upon to 24 h in ROMA, but POTCHETSTRM exhibited the highest expression level only at 24 h. Therefore, callose synthase-like genes maybe regulate callose deposition in the later stage of Al stress in sweet sorghum. The SbGlu1 expression positively correlated with callose content in both cultivars. The SbGlu1 expression maybe involve in callose degradation in sweet sorghum by Al stress. The full-length cDNAs of SbGlu1 were cloned from the root tips of both ROMA and POTCHETSTRM, respectively. The SbGlu1 were transient expressed in onion epidermal cells for subcellular localization, showed that SbGLU1 is soluble with no specificity localization.
      PubDate: 2023-01-10
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-5
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
  • Therapeutic Efficacy of Chrysoeriol on Doxorubicin-induced Liver Damage by
           Improving Biochemical and Histological Profile in Rats

    • Authors: Muhammad Umar Ijaz; Tahreem Fatima, Moazama Batool, Rabia Azmat, Ambreen Sadaf, Namra Ghafoor, Mehrab Khalil
      Pages: 57 - 62
      Abstract: Doxorubicin (DOX) is a commonly prescribed, potent anti-cancer drug, however, its clinical administration is restricted due to its serious organotoxic potential especially hepatotoxicity. Chrysoeriol (CSR) is a natural flavonoid, which exhibits putative antioxidant and free-radical scavenging activities. This research was planned to assess the hepatoprotective potential of CSR against DOX-prompted hepatic damage in male albino rats. 48 rats were segregated into four group viz. Control, DOX-treated group (3 mgkg-1), DOX + CSR-treated group (3 mgkg-1 + 20 mgkg-1) and CSR-treated group (20 mgkg-1). DOX treatment induced liver toxicity as indicated by the significant elevation in the serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Additionally, DOX exposure disrupted the biochemical profile by decreasing the activities of antioxidant enzymes i.e., catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione (GSH), glutathione reductase (GSR) and glutathione S-transferase (GST), while raised the levels of ROS and MDA. Furthermore, inflammatory markers level such as nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β), interleukin-6 (IL-6) as well as Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) activity were also increased. Besides the level of pro-apoptotic markers i.e., Bax, Caspase-3 and Caspase-9 were raised, while the level of anti-apoptotic protein, Bcl-2 was reduced following the DOX intoxication. In DOX-treated rats, Histopathological observation indicated substantial hepatic tissue damage. However co-treatment with chrysoeriol remarkably reversed all the aforementioned hepatic damages. CSR demonstrated promising hepatoprotective potential through exerting antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic properties.
      PubDate: 2023-01-10
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-6
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
  • Quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) Genome-Wide Analysis of Glutathione
           S-transferase (CqGSTs) and Transcription Factor bHLH Family Study on Their
           Salt Tolerance Function

    • Authors: Kaiyuan Cui; Zhijun Qiang, Rongzhen Wang, Pengcheng Ding, Aixia Ren, Linghong Li, Hafeez Noor, Xiangyun Wu, Min Sun, Zhiqiang Gao
      Pages: 63 - 83
      Abstract: Since the industrial Revolution, as the global economy has boomed and the agricultural population has expanded. Excessive use of chemical fertilizer and unreasonable farming methods make soil salinization more and more serious. Chenopodium quinoa, it has unique nutritional value and strong stress resistance and adaptability, under the background of soil salinization, quinoa has been widely studied as a halophyte model. With the release of high-quality genome of quinoa, more and more salt-tolerant genes of quinoa have been cloned gradually. Bioinformatics and expression analysis of GST gene in quinoa in this study, 114 CqGST genes were identified from the whole genome of quinoa by bioinformatics methods. The phylogenetic tree showed that 114 CqGST genes were divided into seven subgroups: GSTU (68 members), GSTF (23 members), GST members), GSTZ (6 members), GSTT (5 members), DHAR (4 members) and TCHQD (2 members). Gene structure and Motif analysis showed high similarity among members of each subgroup. Phylogenetic analysis of these genes suggested that tandem and fragment replication events played a key role in the expansion of the CqGSTs gene family, and the CqGST genes may have undergone strong purification selection during the evolution process. Analysis of salt-treated transcriptome from the roots of salt-tolerant and salt-sensitive quinoa cultivars showed that Salt treatment induced changes in the expression levels of CqGSTs genes, and eight CqGST genes (CqDHAR2, CqDHAR3, CqGSTU22, CqGSTU44, CqGSTU60, CqGSTU63, CqGSTU67, CqGSTU68) were steadily up-regulated in both cultivars. RT-qPCR results showed that these selected CqGST genes were not only induced by salt stress, but also by drought stress.
      PubDate: 2023-01-10
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-7
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
  • Preparation and Cellular Absorption of Zinc-chelating Peptides Derived
           from Sika Deer Blood

    • Authors: Tian Tian; Yao Sun, Wen-xuan Zhu, Xiao-chen Gao, Li-wen Tang
      Pages: 84 - 95
      Abstract: In order to prepare a zinc nutritional fortifier which was easily absorbed by human body and improved the utilization rate of sika deer blood. In this research, response surface methodology (RSM) was used to optimize the preparation conditions of zinc chelate sika deer blood polypeptide (SDBP). The peak chelated rate was 82.1% and zinc content was 21.3mg/mL. Used deer blood and zinc sulfate as raw materials and zinc chelated rate as an indicator, the effect of pH, reaction time, peptide zinc mass ratio and reaction temperature on zinc chelating rate were investigated by single factor text. The optimal condition for the chelation reaction was that mass ratio of peptide: zinc 2:1, pH 6 and 60°C for 60 min. The structure of zinc chelated by SDBP was characterized by UV, FTIR, SEM, molecular weight and particle size analysis elt. FTIR proved that SDBPCZ had sufficient metal binding sites. The bioavailability of zinc ion in sika deer blood peptide chelated zinc(SDBPCZ) was determined by simulating gastrointestinal digestion and absorption in vitro. Experimental synthesis showed that SDBPCZ exhibited better zinc solubility and had higher dialyzable than ZnSO4. These results might provide insights into the methods for developing functional foods such as zinc-fortified.
      PubDate: 2023-01-12
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-8
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
  • Effects of Soaking, Cooking, and Steaming Treatments on the Faba Bean
           Seeds’ Total Bioactive Compounds Content and Antioxidant Activity

    • Authors: Almagor Meital; Demri Avi, Galili Liel, Bellalou Aharon, Amir-Segev Orit, Galili Shmuel
      Pages: 96 - 101
      Abstract: Faba bean (Vicia faba L.) is a winter-sowing grain legume with high-protein content utilized for human consumption and animal feeding. Faba beans contain high levels of polyphenol compounds with various nutritional benefits. Legume seeds, such as faba beans, are subject to different processing procedures before consumption, which decreases the levels of their bioactive compounds (polyphenols and flavonoids), resulting in a reduction in antioxidant activity. This study aimed to examine the influence of soaking, cooking, and steaming treatments on the total polyphenols, total flavonoid, and antioxidant activity levels of Broad (large) and Field (small) faba beans. Initially, the influence of the different extraction solvents on total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), and ferric reduction ability of plasma antioxidant activity (FRAP), variables were inspected, wherein the extraction efficiency. 70% acidic acetone treatment was found to be the best solvent for extraction. Then, we determined the soaking, cooking, and steaming effects on TPC, TFC, and FRAP levels compared to dry seeds as the control. It was found that the various processes resulted in a significant reduction in the level of these components in the processed seeds of both Broad and Field beans. Nevertheless, the soaking treatment resulted in the smallest reduction. In addition, steaming caused a more moderate decline among the cooking types. Therefore, to maintain a higher level of these three ingredients in the final product, it is better to steam the seeds than cook them.
      PubDate: 2023-01-16
      DOI: 10.12691/jfnr-11-1-9
      Issue No: Vol. 11, No. 1 (2023)
School of Mathematical and Computer Sciences
Heriot-Watt University
Edinburgh, EH14 4AS, UK
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