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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
Showing 1 - 64 of 64 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Portuguesa de Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Eating Disorders : Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Appetite     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Arab Journal of Nutrition and Exercise     Open Access  
Archive of Food and Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bangladesh Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
British Journal Of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access  
Childhood Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89)
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Nutrition Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Nutrition Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Nutrition Open Science     Open Access  
Clinical Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Nutrition Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
DEMETRA : Alimentação, Nutrição & Saúde     Open Access  
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Ecology of Food and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ernährung & Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
European Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Food and Environmental Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Foodways: Explorations in the History and Culture of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Food and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Food, Culture and Society: An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Frontiers in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Functional Foods in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Genes & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Human Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Eating Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Transplant and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90)
International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
Journal of Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Dietary Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food & Nutritional Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medicinal Herbs and Ethnomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of Muscle Foods     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Nutritional Ecology and Food Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 60)
Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia : Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia / The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition     Open Access  
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan     Open Access  
La Ciencia al Servicio de la Salud y Nutrición     Open Access  
Lifestyle Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lifestyle Journal     Open Access  
Maternal & Child Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Médecine & Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription  
Media Gizi Indonesia     Open Access  
Metabolism and Nutrition in Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
NFS Journal     Open Access  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
npj Science of Food     Open Access  
Nutrición Hospitalaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrients     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Nutrire     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Nutrition & Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Nutrition - Science en évolution     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition and Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nutrition and Metabolic Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Nutrition Bytes     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Nutrition Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Nutrition Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutritional Neuroscience : An International Journal on Nutrition, Diet and Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Obesity Facts     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Obesity Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Oil Crop Science     Open Access  
Open Food Science Journal     Open Access  
Open Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Obesity Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pediatric Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
PharmaNutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Plant Production Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Public Health Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBONE - Revista Brasileira de Obesidade, Nutrição e Emagrecimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chilena de Nutricion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Salud Pública y Nutrición     Open Access  
Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional     Open Access  
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
The Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Topics in Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
UNICIÊNCIAS     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Food and Nutrition Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

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Frontiers in Nutrition
Number of Followers: 11  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Online) 2296-861X
Published by Frontiers Media Homepage  [96 journals]
  • Engineering Emulsion Gels as Functional Colloids Emphasizing Food
           Applications: A Review

    • Authors: Abdullah, Lang Liu, Hafiz Umer Javed, Jie Xiao
      Abstract: Gels are functional materials with well-defined structures (three-dimensional networks) assembled from the dispersed colloids, and capable of containing a large amount of water, oil, or air (by replacing the liquid within the gel pores), known as a hydrogel, oleogel, and aerogel, respectively. An emulsion gel is a gelled matrix filled with emulsion dispersion in which at least one phase, either continuous phase or dispersed phase forms spatial networks leading to the formation of a semisolid texture. Recently, the interest in the application of gels as functional colloids has attracted great attention in the food industry due to their tunable morphology and microstructure, promising physicochemical, mechanical, and functional properties, and superior stability, as well as controlled release, features for the encapsulated bioactive compounds. This article covers recent research progress on functional colloids (emulsion gels), including their fabrication, classification (protein-, polysaccharide-, and mixed emulsion gels), and properties specifically those related to the gel-body interactions (texture perception, digestion, and absorption), and industrial applications. The emerging applications, including encapsulation and controlled release, texture design and modification, fat replacement, and probiotics delivery are summarized. A summary of future perspectives to promote emulsion gels' use as functional colloids and delivery systems for scouting potential new applications in the food industry is also proposed. Emulsion gels are promising colloids being used to tailor breakdown behavior and sensory perception of food, as well as for the processing, transportation, and targeted release of food additives, functional ingredients, and bioactive substances with flexibility in designing structural and functional parameters.
      PubDate: 2022-05-17T00:00:00Z
       
  • Regulatory Effect of Sea-Buckthorn Procyanidins on Oxidative Injury HUVECs

    • Authors: Ximeng Lin, Michael Yuen, Tina Yuen, Hywel Yuen, Min Wang, Qiang Peng
      Abstract: As society develops and aging populations increase, the incidence of arteriosclerosis, a seriously harmful cardiovascular disease (CVD) which mostly results from endothelial cellular oxidative damage, has continuously risen. Procyanidins from sea-buckthorn is a powerful antioxidant, although its protective effect on the cardiovascular system is not yet clearly understand. In this study, oxidative damaged HUVECs induced by palmitate acid (PA) were used as a model and the regulatory effect of procyanidins from sea-buckthorn (SBP) on HUVECs were investigated. The results showed SBP can be used for 12 h by HUVECs and had no detective cytotoxicity to them under 400 μg/L. Also, different concentrations of SBP can increase mitochondrial membrane potential and NO level and decrease LDH leakage in a dose-effect relationship, indicating SBP can improve oxidative damage. In addition, western blots and qPCR results showed SBP regulation on oxidative injured HUVECs is probably through p38MAPK/NF-κB signal pathway. This study revealed the molecular mechanism of procyanidins in decreasing endothelial oxidative damage, providing a theoretical foundation for further research on natural bioactive compounds to exert antioxidant activity in the body and prevent and improve cardiovascular diseases.
      PubDate: 2022-05-17T00:00:00Z
       
  • De-Oiled Citrus Peels as Feedstock for the Production of Pectin
           Oligosaccharides and Its Effect on Lactobacillus fermentum, Probiotic
           Source

    • Authors: Rohan Sarkar, Lata Nain, Aditi Kundu, Anirban Dutta, Debarup Das, Shruti Sethi, Supradip Saha
      Abstract: Following the extraction of essential oil, citrus (Mousambi, Kinnow, and Orange) peel wastes were used to produce pectin. The yield of essential oil and pectin was maximum in orange. Pectin was characterized by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy. The degree of esterification (DE) and methoxyl content (MC) was maximum in orange whereas, the equivalent weight was maximum in Mousambi. A significant increase (61.8%) in the Lactobacillus fermentum population was observed with pectin as compared with sugar. Three sources followed the Orange> Kinnow> Mousambi trend as a prebiotic source. It was attributed to higher DE as well as higher MC. Enhancement in the bacterial population was in the range of 79.16–87.50%. The present work confirms the potential of pectin as a probiotic source for the enhancement of the bacterial population. Thus, it has a large scope for use in the food industry targeting a circular economy.
      PubDate: 2022-05-17T00:00:00Z
       
  • A Cross-Sectional Study of the Distribution Patterns and Potential
           Determinants in Plasma Selenium Status Among Chinese Adults With
           Hypertension

    • Authors: Zhuo Wang, Tengfei Lin, Yaping Wei, Yun Song, Lishun Liu, Ziyi Zhou, Xiao Huang, Ping Chen, Chengzhang Liu, Youbao Li, Binyan Wang, Jianping Li, Yan Zhang, Yong Huo, Hao Zhang, Xiping Xu, Xianhui Qin, Huiyuan Guo
      Abstract: Selenium (Se) is an essential trace element in selenoproteins biosynthesis for the human body and plays an important role in the prevention and control of subsequent cardiovascular disease in adults with hypertension. However, reports on Se status and its potential determinants in populations from different regions of China are limited, especially data on adults with hypertension, a high-risk group more vulnerable to oxidative stress. Thus, we conducted a cross-sectional study from February 2017 to May 2018 of 2,599 participants (1,389 men and 1,210 women) on middle-aged to elderly adults with hypertension with a mean age of 63.1 years (SD 13.3) from 14 provinces of China and aimed to examine the relationship of plasma Se status with demographic characteristics and lifestyles. Overall, the male participants (mean value 75.0 μg/L) tended to have higher plasma Se concentrations than the female participants (73.7 μg/L) when controlling for relevant factors. There were significant differences among regions, and in age and body mass index (BMI) in plasma Se distribution, and plasma Se concentrations were significantly lower among those in the regions with relatively lower Se, aged 60 years or older, and with BMI lower than 28 kg/m2. Moreover, a higher frequency of meat consumption (1–2 or ≥3 times/week vs.
      PubDate: 2022-05-17T00:00:00Z
       
  • Associations of the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index With Femur Bone
           Mineral Density and Osteoporosis in American Postmenopausal Women: Data
           From the National Health and Nutrition Examination
           Survey|Background|Objectives|Methods|Results|Conclusion

    • Authors: Jie Wang, Fei Xing, Ning Sheng, Zhou Xiang
      Abstract: BackgroundThe geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) has been used as a significant tool to access the nutritional status of the elderly. However, the relationship between the GNRI and femur bone mineral density (BMD) and the risk of osteoporosis remains unclear in American postmenopausal women.ObjectivesWe aimed to explore associations between the GNRI with femur BMD and the risk of osteoporosis in American postmenopausal women.MethodsWe merged the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005–2006, 2007–2008, 2009–2010, 2013–2014, and 2017–2018 to ensure a large and representative sample, including 3,152 participants. The linear relationship between the GNRI and femur BMD was assessed via a weighted multivariate linear regression model. The odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) for the association between the GNRI and the risk of osteoporosis were assessed by a weighted logistic regression model. Moreover, the nonlinear relationship was also characterized by smooth curve fitting (SCF) and a weighted generalized additive model (GAM).ResultsAfter adjusting for all covariates, the weighted multivariable linear regression models demonstrated that the GNRI was positively correlated with femur BMD. The weighted logistic regression models demonstrated that each unit of increased GNRI value was associated with a decreased risk of osteoporosis of 4.13%. When categorizing GNRI based on quartiles, ORs between the risk of osteoporosis and the GNRI across quintiles 2, 3, and 4 compared with quintile 1 were 0.5565 (95% CI: 0.4791, 0.6463; P < 0.000001), 0.5580 (95% CI: 0.4600, 0.6769; P < 0.000001), and 0.3475 (95% CI: 0.2681, 0.4505; P < 0.000001). The trends similar to the above were also observed in SCF and GAM.ConclusionThis study indicated that nutritional status, represented by the GNRI, was positively associated with femur BMD and negatively associated with the risk of osteoporosis in American postmenopausal women. The GNRI may be a good tool to identify American postmenopausal women who need further bone health nutritional support.
      PubDate: 2022-05-17T00:00:00Z
       
  • The Therapeutic Effect of SCFA-Mediated Regulation of the Intestinal
           Environment on Obesity

    • Authors: Huimin You, Yue Tan, Dawei Yu, Shuting Qiu, Yan Bai, Jincan He, Hua Cao, Qishi Che, Jiao Guo, Zhengquan Su
      Abstract: Intestinal environment disorder is a potential pathological mechanism of obesity. There is increasing evidence that disorders in the homeostasis of the intestinal environment can affect various metabolic organs, such as fat and liver, and lead to metabolic diseases. However, there are few therapeutic approaches for obesity targeting the intestinal environment. In this review, on the one hand, we discuss how intestinal microbial metabolites SCFA regulate intestinal function to improve obesity and the possible mechanisms and pathways related to obesity-related pathological processes (depending on SCFA-related receptors such as GPCRs, MCT and SMCT, and through epigenetic processes). On the other hand, we discuss dietary management strategies to enrich SCFA-producing bacteria and target specific SCFA-producing bacteria and whether fecal bacteria transplantation therapy to restore the composition of the gut microbiota to regulate SCFA can help prevent or improve obesity. Finally, we believe that it will be of great significance to establish a working model of gut– SCFA– metabolic disease development in the future for the improvement this human health concern.
      PubDate: 2022-05-17T00:00:00Z
       
  • Layered Double Hydroxide@Metal–Organic Framework Hybrids for Extraction
           of Indole-3-Carbinol From Cruciferous Vegetables

    • Authors: Qiyue Tan, Guangyang Liu, Chenxi Zhao, Mingkun Gao, Xuan Zhang, Ge Chen, Lingyun Li, Xiaodong Huang, Yaowei Zhang, Jun Lv, Donghui Xu
      Abstract: Cruciferous vegetables are rich in glucosinolates, which can be metabolized to produce the antitumor compound indole-3-carbinol (I3C). The conventional solvent extraction method for I3C is inefficient. To improve the extraction efficiency of I3C from cruciferous vegetables, we prepared a metal-organic framework (MOF) material (Fe3O4@Zn-Al-LDH@B-D-MIL-100). First, Fe3O4 nanoparticles were introduced to layered double hydroxides by in situ polymerization. Then, the MOF material was grown on the surface of the layered double hydroxide by co-precipitation and the layer-by-layer self-assembly method. This gave Fe3O4@Zn-Al-LDH@B-D-MIL-100, which was characterized using a variety of techniques. The results showed that Fe3O4@Zn-Al-LDH@B-D-MIL-100 had a double-layer porous structure, excellent superparamagnetism (11.54955 emu/g), a large specific surface area (174.04 m2/g), and a pore volume (0.26 cm3/g). The extraction conditions for I3C were optimized. Non-linear fitting of the static adsorption model showed that the adsorption was mainly monolayer. Fe3O4@Zn-Al-LDH@B-D-MIL-100 had fast adsorption kinetics and could extract 95% of I3C in 45 min. It is superior to the traditional solvent extraction method because of its high enrichment efficiency in a short time and environmental friendliness. The successful preparation of the new nanomaterial will provide a new reference for the enrichment and extraction of the I3C industry.
      PubDate: 2022-05-17T00:00:00Z
       
  • Comparison of the Fungal Community, Chemical Composition, Antioxidant
           Activity, and Taste Characteristics of Fu Brick Tea in Different Regions
           of China

    • Authors: Yulian Chen, Jiaxu Chen, Ruyang Chen, Leike Xiao, Xing Wu, Lin Hu, Zongjun Li, Yuanliang Wang, Mingzhi Zhu, Zhonghua Liu, Yu Xiao
      Abstract: In this study, the fungal community structure, metabolites, antioxidant ability, and taste characteristics of five Fu brick tea (FBT) from different regions of China were determined and compared. A total of 69 operational taxonomic units (OTUs) were identified and assigned into 5 phyla and 27 genera, with Eurotium as the predominant genus in all samples. Hunan (HN) sample had the strongest fungal diversity and richness, followed by Guangxi (GX) sample, and Zhejiang (ZJ) sample had the lowest. GX sample had higher amounts of gallic acid (GA), total catechins, gallocatechin (GC), and epicatechin gallate (ECG) as well as antioxidant activity than the other samples. The levels of total phenolics, total flavonoids, epigallocatechin (EGC), catechin, epicatechin (EC), thearubigins (TRs), and theaflavins (TFs) were the highest in the ZJ sample. Guizhou (GZ) and Shaanxi (SX) samples contained the highest contents of epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) and gallocatechin gallate (GCG), respectively. Total phenolics, GA, EC, CG, and TFs were positively associated with most of fungal genera. Total phenolic content (TPC), total flavonoid content (TFC), and most of catechins contributed to the antioxidant activities of FBT. HN sample had the strongest sourness and sweetness, ZJ sample had the strongest saltiness, SX sample had the strongest umami, and GZ sample had the strongest astringency, which was ascribed to the varied metabolites. This work reveals that FBT in different regions vary greatly in fungal community, metabolites, antioxidant activity, and taste characteristics, and provides new insight into the quality characteristics formation of FBT in different regions.
      PubDate: 2022-05-17T00:00:00Z
       
  • Protective Effects and Potential Mechanisms of Dietary Resveratrol
           Supplementation on the Spleen of Broilers Under Heat Stress

    • Authors: Tiantian Meng, Juying Deng, Dingfu Xiao, Muhammed Adebayo Arowolo, Chunming Liu, Liang Chen, Wei Deng, Shaoping He, Jianhua He
      Abstract: Resveratrol (RSV) is a natural polyphenolic compound with potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to investigate the protective effects of RSV supplementation on the inflammatory responses of broilers during heat stress. A total of 432 28-d-old white-feathered broilers (817 crossbred chicken) with an average weight of 549 ± 4 g were randomly allotted to 4 equal groups (Half male and half female, 6 replicates/group, 18 chickens/replicate), including normal temperature (NT) group (24 ± 2°C for 24 h/d, basal diet), NT+RSV group (24 ± 2°C for 24 h/d, basal diet + RSV), heat stress (HT) group (37 ± 2°C for 8 h/d, basal diet), and HT+RSV group (37 ± 2°C for 8 h/d, basal diet + RSV). Serum samples were collected on d 7 and 14 of heat stress, and thymus, spleen, jejunum, and bursa of Fabricius samples were collected and analyzed on d14. RSV treatment decreased the feed conversion ratio, partially reversed the negative alternations in body weight, average daily gain, and average daily feed intake caused by heat stress. RSV treatment also decreased the elevated levels of corticosterone on d 14, adrenocorticotropic hormone, and triiodothyronine in serum on d 7 caused by heat stress, and significantly increased the villus height to crypt depth ratio in the jejunum on d 14. Dietary RSV also reduced heat stress-induced splenic pro-inflammatory cytokine concentrations. TUNEL assay showed that RSV significantly reduced heat stress-induced the number of apoptotic cells. Remarkably, RSV down-regulated some splenic related genes for apoptosis genes, including BCL-2, Apaf-1, and MDM2 mRNA levels induced by heat stress. According to GO and KEGG enrichment analyses, the differential genes between HT and HT + RSV groups were mainly associated with immune system process, hematopoietic or lymphoid organ development, and toll-like receptor signaling pathway. The relative mRNA expression of NF-κB, heat shock protein 70 (HSP70), and p38 MAPK were markedly decreased by the combination of RSV and heat stress. These findings showed that RSV might reduce the splenic inflammatory response in heat-stressed white-feather broilers by inhibiting heat stress-induced activation of NF-B, MAPK, and HSP70, as well as inhibiting the activation of mitochondrial apoptotic pathways.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Nutrient Intake and Nutrition Status in Vegetarians and Vegans in
           Comparison to Omnivores - the Nutritional Evaluation (NuEva)
           Study|Introduction|Methods|Results|Conclusion

    • Authors: Christine Dawczynski, Thomas Weidauer, Cora Richert, Peter Schlattmann, Kristin Dawczynski, Michael Kiehntopf
      Abstract: IntroductionIn recent years, vegetarian and vegan diets became increasingly important as they are associated with beneficial health outcomes. Therefore, the NuEva study compares the impact of flexitarian, vegetarian, or vegan diets with omnivorous nutritional habits on nutrient intake and risk factors for non-communicable diseases.MethodsA dietary protocol was kept over five days and blood and 24h urine samples were collected to examine the impact of dietary habits [omnivores, n = 65 (Median/Interquartile range: 33/17 yrs.), flexitarians, n = 70 (30/17 yrs.), ovo-lacto vegetarians, n = 65 (28/14 yrs.), vegans, n = 58 (25/10 yrs.)] on nutrient intake, nutrient concentrations in plasma, serum or 24h urine, body composition, and blood lipids.ResultsThe increased exclusion of animal based foods in the diet (omnivores < flexitarians < vegetarians < vegans) is associated with a decreased intake of energy, saturated fat, cholesterol, disaccharides, and total sugar as well an increased intake of dietary fibers, beta carotene, vitamin E and K. The combined index of the B12 status (4cB12 score) in vegetarians (0.02/0.75) was lower compared to omnivores (0.34/0.58; p ≤ 0.05) and flexitarians (0.24/0.52; p ≤ 0.05). In omnivores vitamin A, vitamin E, ferritin, and the urinary excretion of selenium, iodine, and zinc were higher than in vegans (p ≤ 0.05). In contrast, vegans had the highest concentrations of biotin, folate, and vitamin C. Flexitarians, vegetarians, and vegans had a lower body weight, BMI, and body fat percentage in comparison to omnivores (p ≤ 0.05). In omnivores the concentrations on total cholesterol, total cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio, LDL cholesterol, LDL cholesterol/HDL cholesterol ratio, apolipoprotein B, and apolipoprotein B/ apolipoprotein A1 ratio were higher than in vegetarians and vegans (p ≤ 0.05).ConclusionThe NuEva study confirms the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that adequately planned vegetarian diets are healthy, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits in the prevention and treatment of non-communicable diseases. Nevertheless, critical nutrients were identified for all groups studied. This highlights the need to develop individual nutritional concepts to ensure an adequate nutrient intake.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Polydatin, A Glycoside of Resveratrol, Is Better Than Resveratrol in
           Alleviating Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Mice Fed a High-Fructose
           Diet

    • Authors: Guangshan Zhao, Lian Yang, Wenshen Zhong, Yuze Hu, Yu Tan, Zhe Ren, Qiuyan Ban, Chung S. Yang, Yifei Wang, Zhiping Wang
      Abstract: Resveratrol (RES) is considered to be an activator of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) with many reported health benefits. Polydatin (POD) is a natural precursor and glycosylated form of RES. The glycoside structure of POD alters the bioactivity. Overnutrition-stimulated reactive oxygen species (ROS) promote the AMPK suppression and metabolic dysregulation. The present work compared the effects of POD and RES in ameliorating energy homeostasis imbalance in mice fed a high-fructose diet and elucidated the underlying mechanisms of action. Our results showed that POD elevated the fecal levels of valeric acid and caproic acid via modification of gut microbiota, while RES did not significantly influence the levels of fecal short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs). Both POD and RES markedly decreased the oxidative stress and activated the AMPK signaling pathways in the liver. POD and RES exerted a similar effect in alleviating glucose dysmetabolism, but POD was more effective in ameliorating lipid dysmetabolism than RES. Furthermore, valeric acid and caproic acid alone can activate the AMPK and ameliorate hypercholesterolemia, and enhance the effects of POD on improving lipid metabolism in mice. Overall, for the first time, we demonstrated that POD administration elevated the fecal levels of valeric acid and caproic acid by modifying gut microbiota, thus promoting AMPK activation may be the underlying mechanism that POD is superior to RES in alleviating the lipid dysmetabolism. Our results suggest that POD may be an alternative for RES as an AMPK activator.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Association Between Dietary Fatty Acid Pattern and Risk of Oral
           Cancer|Objective|Method|Results|Conclusions

    • Authors: Yi Fan, Yu Qiu, Jing Wang, Qing Chen, Sijie Wang, Yaping Wang, Yanni Li, Yanfeng Weng, Jiawen Qian, Fa Chen, Jing Wang, Bin Shi, Lizhen Pan, Lisong Lin, Baochang He, Fengqiong Liu
      Abstract: ObjectiveTo investigate the association between dietary fatty acid (FA) patterns and the risk of oral cancer.MethodA case-control study which included 446 patients with oral cancer and 448 controls subjects was conducted in Southeast China. A structured food frequency questionnaire was used to assess the dietary FA consumption before cancer diagnosis. FA patterns were identified using the principal component analysis, and the relationship between the dietary FA patterns and oral cancer was analyzed by logistic regression.ResultsGeneral differences in FA intake were observed between the patient and control groups. The intakes of saturated FAs (SFAs) C14:0, C16:0, C18:0, and monounsaturated FA C18:1 were higher in the patient group than the control group (p < 0.001). Four FA patterns were derived by principal component analysis. The “SFA” pattern, “Polyunsaturated FA” pattern, “Monounsaturated FA” pattern, and “Medium- and long-chain FA” pattern, which could explain 75.7% of the variance of the dietary FA intake, were submitted to logistic regression analysis. A positive association was observed between the “SFA” pattern and oral cancer risk. Compared with the lowest quartile score, the OR of the highest quartile score was 3.71 (95%CI: 2.31, 5.94, Ptrend < 0.001) in the multivariate logistic regression model. No significant association was found among the other three patterns and oral cancer risk.ConclusionsGeneral differences in dietary FA intake were observed between patients with oral cancer and controls. A positive association between the “SFA” pattern and risk of oral cancer was observed after adjusting for potential confounders.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Association of Prepregnancy Obesity and Remodeled Maternal-Fetal Plasma
           Fatty Acid Profiles|Background|Methods|Results|Conclusions

    • Authors: Hai-Tao Yu, Wen-Hui Xu, Yi-Ru Chen, Ye Ji, Yi-Wei Tang, Yue-Ting Li, Jia-Yu Gong, Yi-Fei Chen, Guo-Liang Liu, Lin Xie
      Abstract: BackgroundFatty acids, especially polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA), are found abundantly in the brain and are fundamental for a fetus's growth. The fatty acid profiles of mothers and fetuses may be affected by maternal prepregnancy body mass index (pre-BMI), thus affecting fetal growth and development.MethodsA total of 103 mother-fetus pairs were divided into overweight/obese (OW, n = 26), normal weight (NW, n = 60), and underweight (UW, n = 17) groups according to pre-BMI. Fatty acid profiles in maternal and umbilical cord plasma were analyzed by gas chromatography.ResultsThe infant birth BMI z-score of the OW group was higher than that of the NW and UW groups (p < 0.05). The OW mothers had significantly higher plasma n-6 PUFA and n-6/n-3, but lower docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and n-3 PUFA (p < 0.05). In cord plasma, the proportions of DHA and n-3 PUFA were lower in the OW group (p < 0.05), whereas the n-6/n-3 ratio was higher in the OW group (p < 0.05). The pre-BMI was negatively correlated with cord plasma DHA in all subjects (r = −0.303, p = 0.002), and the same negative correlation can be observed in the OW group (r = −0.561, p = 0.004), but not in the NW and UW groups (p> 0.05). The pre-BMI was positively correlated with cord plasma n-6/n-3 in all subjects (r = 0.325, p = 0.001), and the same positive correlation can be found in the OW group (r = 0.558, p = 0.004), but not in NW and UW groups (p> 0.05).ConclusionsMaternal pre-BMI was associated with the maternal-fetal plasma fatty acid profiles, whereas the adverse fatty acid profiles are more noticeable in the prepregnancy OW mothers.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Effects of the Baking Process on the Chemical Composition, Sensory
           Quality, and Bioactivity of Tieguanyin Oolong Tea

    • Authors: Ying Gao, Qing-Qing Cao, Yu-Hong Chen, Daniel Granato, Jie-Qiong Wang, Jun-Feng Yin, Xue-Bo Zhang, Fang Wang, Jian-Xin Chen, Yong-Quan Xu
      Abstract: Tieguanyin oolong tea (TOT), a semi-oxidized tea originating from Anxi county in China, is categorized into jade TOT, medium-baked TOT, and deep-baked TOT, based on different baking processes. To study the effects of baking, chemical analysis, sensory evaluation, and bioactivity assessments of the three TOTs were conducted. The results indicated that the baking process promoted the formation of colored macromolecules (e.g., theabrownins), which affected the color of tea infusion. Free amino acids underwent the Maillard reaction and generated specific Maillard reaction products, such as 5-hydroxymethylfurfural and furfural, which modified the taste and aroma. Floral and fresh volatiles were remarkably reduced, while multiple new volatiles were produced, forming a typically baked aroma. The antioxidant activity and antibacterial activity were reduced after baking, which might be associated with the decrease of monomeric catechins. These results provide a scientific basis for understanding the changes caused by the baking process.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Protective Effect of Oyster Peptides Derived From Crassostrea gigas on
           Intestinal Oxidative Damage Induced by Cyclophosphamide in Mice Mediated
           Through Nrf2-Keap1 Signaling Pathway

    • Authors: Hui Chen, Huizhen Zheng, Tiejun Li, Qihong Jiang, Shulai Liu, Xuxia Zhou, Yuting Ding, Xingwei Xiang
      Abstract: Oyster peptide (OP) has exhibited useful biological activities and can be used in multi-functional foods. OP has been reported to play a significant role in intestinal protection, but its specific mechanism is still not completely understood. The aim of this study was to analyze the potential effect of OP on oxidative damage of mice intestine induced by cyclophosphamide (Cy). The experimental results revealed that intragastric administration of OP significantly increased average bodyweight, improved ileum tissue morphology and villus structure, as well as increased the activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) in oxidized mice serum and liver. The content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in the mice serum and liver homogenate was found to be markedly decreased. Moreover, OP significantly increased the relative mRNA expression levels of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX), quinone oxidoreductase (NQO1) and heme oxidase-1 (HO-1) in ileum. Western-blot results indicated that prior administration of OP significantly up-regulated the Nrf2 production in ileum, and substantially decreased then Keap1 gene expression. In conclusion, intake of OP was found to markedly improve intestinal oxidative stress in vivo, and this effect was primarily mediated through the simulation of antioxidant Nrf2-Keap1 signaling pathway. This study is beneficial to the application of peptide nutrients in the prevention or mitigation of intestinal oxidative damage.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Effects of Dietary Indole-3-carboxaldehyde Supplementation on Growth
           Performance, Intestinal Epithelial Function, and Intestinal Microbial
           Composition in Weaned Piglets

    • Authors: Ruofan Zhang, Guowen Huang, Yuting Ren, Haifeng Wang, Yanxin Ye, Jiaqing Guo, Mengting Wang, Weiyun Zhu, Kaifan Yu
      Abstract: As a microbial tryptophan metabolite, indole-3-carboxaldehyde (ICA) has been suggested to confer benefits to host, such as regulation of intestinal barrier function. This study aimed to elucidate the role of ICA in modulating intestinal homeostasis via using a weaned pig model. Twenty-four weaned piglets were randomly allocated into three groups: the control group (a basal diet), ICA100 group (the basal diet supplemented with 100 mg/kg ICA), and ICA200 group (the basal diet supplemented with 200 mg/kg ICA). The experiment lasted 14 d, and pigs from the control and ICA100 groups were slaughtered. The results showed no significant differences in the average daily gain (ADG) and average daily feed intake (ADFI) among the three groups (P> 0.05). However, the ICA100 group had a lower feed to gain ratio (F:G) (P < 0.05). Dietary ICA supplementation did not alter the villus height, crypt depth, and villus height/crypt depth ratio in the small intestine, and did not change the intestinal permeability and antioxidant parameters (P> 0.05). Intriguingly, ICA treatment significantly increased the jejunal, ileal and colonic indexes in piglets (P < 0.05). Besides, the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) in the intestine was up-regulated by ICA treatment. Moreover, in vitro experiments demonstrated that 15 μM ICA significantly accelerated the proliferation activity of IPEC-J2 cells, and increased the expression of the ICA receptor aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) and the proliferation markers PCNA and Cyclin D1 (P < 0.05). In addition, dietary ICA supplementation modulated the intestinal flora, increasing the richness estimators and diversity index, decreasing the abundances of phylum Fibrobacterota and genera Alloprevotella, Prevotella, and Parabacteroides, and enriching the abundance of genera Butyrivibrio. These data reveal a beneficial role for the microbial metabolite ICA on intestinal epithelial proliferation, rather than intestinal barrier function, in weaned piglets.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Commentary: Raw and Cooked Vegetable Consumption and Risk of
           Cardiovascular Disease: A Study of 400,000 Adults in UK Biobank

    • Authors: David E. Most
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Structural Characterization of Gracilariopsis lemaneiformis Polysaccharide
           and Its Property in Delaying Cellular Senescence

    • Authors: Xiaomei Wang, Xiaogang Xu, Genxiang Mao, Yue Guo, Guangce Wang, Xue Sun, Nianjun Xu, Zhongshan Zhang
      Abstract: The sulfated polysaccharide was isolated from the purified G. lemaneiformis polysaccharide (PGP), and its property in delaying H2O2-induced 2BS cellular senescence was studied. The results showed that PGP was a linear polysaccharide containing alternating α-(1 → 3)- and β-(1 → 4)-galactopyranose units. Most of the sulfate groups are at C6 of the -(1 → 4)-α-D-Galp, and a small part of them are at C3 and C6. PGP pretreatment could decrease SA-β-gal-positive cells and prevent the formation of senescence-associated heterochromatic foci (SAHF) induced by H2O2 in a dose-dependent manner. It is speculated that PGP may delay aging by downregulating the expression of p21 and p53 genes. The finding provides new insights into the beneficial role of G. lemaneiformis polysaccharide (GP) on retarding senescence process.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Generation and Characterization of an Anti-diclazuril Monoclonal Antibody
           and Development of a Diagnostic Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay for
           Poultry

    • Authors: Hong Shen, Chao Li, Han Sun, Wanqin Chen, Bilian Chen, Yu Yi, Jianfeng Mei, Yanlu Zhang, Guoqing Ying
      Abstract: An anti-diclazuril monoclonal antibody (mAb) was developed for use in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)-based detection of diclazuril with high sensitivity and specificity, which can be used to measure anti-coccidial drug residues. The anti-diclazuril mAb had a half-maximal inhibitory concentration of 0.449–0.517 ng/mL. The mAb cross-reactivity with toltrazuril, toltrazuril 18 sulfone, clozaril, monesin, madurmycin, and salinomycin was very minimal (< 0.1%). The detection limit of the ELISA using this mAb was 0.10 ng/mL and the sensitivity was 0.05 ng/mL. A standard curve generated in the range of 0.05–16.2 ng/mL had a linear correlation coefficient value of ≥ 0.99. The average recoveries of diclazuril from chicken and duck samples ranged from 85.0 to 102.5%.Intra- and inter-assay coefficients of variation ranged from 5.9 to 8.5% and 9.2 to 12.6%, respectively. Using the International Immunogenetics Information System®, the VH domain of the mAb was found to be encoded by an IGHV3 family gene and had the following complementarity determining region (CDR) sequences: GFTFSRY (CDR1), SRGGS (CDR2), and GDDNYAFAY (CDR3). The VL domain was encoded by an IGKV1 family gene and had the following CDR sequences: KSSQSLLNSRTRKNYLA (CDR1), WASTRES (CDR2), and KQSYNLHT (CDR3). This study provides a method to generate anti-diclazuril mAbs and determine their variable region sequences. The diagnostic ELISA developed using this mAb may drive additional studies on the monitoring and detection of food and veterinary drug residues.
      PubDate: 2022-05-16T00:00:00Z
       
  • Corrigendum: A Review of the Use of Linear Programming to Optimize Diets,
           Nutritiously, Economically and Environmentally

    • Authors: Javiera García-Leal, Andrea Teresa Espinoza Pérez, Corné van Dooren, Óscar C. Vásquez
      PubDate: 2022-05-13T00:00:00Z
       
 
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