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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
Showing 1 - 64 of 64 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Portuguesa de Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Eating Disorders : Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 178)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Appetite     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Arab Journal of Nutrition and Exercise     Open Access  
Archive of Food and Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bangladesh Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
British Journal Of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 96)
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Childhood Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94)
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Clinical Nutrition Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Nutrition Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Nutrition Open Science     Open Access  
Clinical Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Nutrition Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
DEMETRA : Alimentação, Nutrição & Saúde     Open Access  
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Ecology of Food and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Egyptian Journal of Nutrition and Health     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ernährung & Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
European Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Food and Environmental Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Foodways: Explorations in the History and Culture of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Food and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Food, Culture and Society: An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Frontiers in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Functional Foods in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Genes & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Human Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Eating Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Transplant and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 93)
International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Journal of Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Dietary Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food & Nutritional Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medicinal Herbs and Ethnomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of Muscle Foods     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Nutritional Ecology and Food Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 61)
Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia : Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia / The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition     Open Access  
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan     Open Access  
La Ciencia al Servicio de la Salud y Nutrición     Open Access  
Lifestyle Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lifestyle Journal     Open Access  
Maternal & Child Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Médecine & Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription  
Media Gizi Indonesia     Open Access  
Metabolism and Nutrition in Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
NFS Journal     Open Access  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
npj Science of Food     Open Access  
Nutrición Hospitalaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrients     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Nutrire     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Nutrition & Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Nutrition - Science en évolution     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition and Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Nutrition and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nutrition and Metabolic Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Nutrition Bytes     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Nutrition Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Nutrition Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutritional Neuroscience : An International Journal on Nutrition, Diet and Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Obesity Facts     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Obesity Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Oil Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Food Science Journal     Open Access  
Open Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Obesity Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pediatric Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
PharmaNutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Plant Production Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Public Health Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBONE - Revista Brasileira de Obesidade, Nutrição e Emagrecimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chilena de Nutricion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Salud Pública y Nutrición     Open Access  
Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional     Open Access  
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
The Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Topics in Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
UNICIÊNCIAS     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Food and Nutrition Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

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Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences
Number of Followers: 0  
 
  Full-text available via subscription Subscription journal
ISSN (Print) 0189-0913
Published by African Journals Online Homepage  [261 journals]
  • Large scale food fortification in Nigeria: Opportunities and challenges: A
           position of the Nutrition Society of Nigeria

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      Authors: Bartholomew I. C. Brai, Wasiu Akinloye Afolabi, Oluwaseun Ariyo, James Oloyede, Folake Anjorin, Adedotun Owolabi
      Pages: 1 - 8
      Abstract: Food fortification is widely identified as a cost-effective strategy for ddressing micronutrient malnutrition  at scale. In Nigeria, food fortification with a focus on vitamin A, iron, zinc, iodine, and other micronutrient remains a major thrust of the effort to eliminate micronutrient malnutrition. Though the step is laudable, the persisting high burden of micronutrient malnutrition suggests the need to re-think the design and implementation of the fortification programmes. This re-thinking and revision of strategy are premised on various conditions including irregular food consumption data and changing dietary patterns, poor awareness of the benefits of fortified foods, poor compliance to fortification standards, and lack of functional information system on food fortification, among others. Based on the current understanding of the nutrition and food fortification landscape in Nigeria, the Nutrition Society of Nigeria affirms that large-scale food fortification remains a cost-effective strategy to promote a healthy diet and adequate micronutrient intakes and commends the efforts of the various stakeholders especially the development partners and the government's promotion of enabling environment. However, re-thinking the implementation strategy and overhauling the fortification programme to ensure quality, transparency, and possibly digital transformation that can meet real-time data needs to guide decision-making is essential. Thus, it is necessary to ascertain the commonly consumed foods, the usually consumed portion sizes, and the current coverage of the various national micronutrient deficiencies interventions; strengthen social marketing programmes on proper handling and use of fortified foods; improve enforcement of compliance to fortifications standards; strengthen National Nutrition Information Management System to include food fortification information; explore strategies to increase the affordability of the premixes, and develop and implement a Monitoring and Evaluation framework of food fortification programmes.
      PubDate: 2022-11-11
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among public secondary
           school teachers in Udenu Local Government Area, Enugu State

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      Authors: Ifeoma. C Afiaenyi, Kosiso. Q. Asadu, Adaobi. M. Okafor
      Pages: 9 - 17
      Abstract: Background: There is a sudden increase in cardiovascular risk in developing countries which has been attributed to economic transition, urbanization, industrialization and globalization that brought about changes in people's lifestyle. Methods: Cross-sectional design was adopted for this study. The population for this study was five hundred and sixty-five teachers while the sample for this study consisted of four hundred and seventy-seven teachers. Questionnaire was used to ascertain information on the sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habit, physical activity level and lifestyle characteristics of the respondents. Body mass index, blood pressure, blood glucose and lipid profile of the respondents were obtained using standard proceduresData was analyzed using Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) version 21. Results: The results of the study showed the occurrence of some cardiovascular disease risk factors among teachers. They included obesity (28.60%), hypertension (20.30%), diabetes (10.00%), dyslipidemia (23.33%) and metabolic syndrome (10.00%). A good number of the respondents fall between the age range of 30-39years (46.70%) and earned between ₦18,000 to ₦30,000 per month (54.30%). Majority (83.00%) of the respondents were females. Female teachers were significantly more obese than the males. Marital status showed a significant relationship with stress. BMI was significantly associated with age. Diastolic blood pressure showed significant relationship with age. Objective: The study was conducted to ascertain the prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among public secondary school teachers in Udenu L.G.A. in Enugu state, Nigeria. Conclusion: The prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors was high among the study participants. Nutrition education is important among this group to help in preventing these risk factors and their associated morbidities and consequent mortalities. 
      PubDate: 2022-11-11
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Phytochemical composition of ice cream from tigernut (Cyperus esculentus)
           milk and coconut (Cocos nucifera ) milk

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      Authors: Ijeoma-Oji Onu Ekumankama
      Pages: 18 - 26
      Abstract: Background: Coconut and tiger nut are widely used for human consumption. Coconut milk and tiger nut milk can be extracted for ice cream production.
      Objective: This study determined the phytochemical composition of tiger nut milk (Cyperus esculentus) and coconut milk (Cocos nucifera) ice cream.
      Method: The research design was an experimental design. The tiger nuts and the endosperm of the coconuts were ground separately. The milk extracted were used in preparing ice cream using standard recipe. Cow milk ice cream served as the control. All the samples of ice cream were quantitatively screened for phytochemical determination using standard methods. Mean and standard deviation were calculated for all the samples. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to compare the means. Significant differences were accepted at P<0.05 level of significance using Duncan's Multiple Range Test.
      Results: The phytochemical analyses carried out on the ice creams from coconut milk, tiger nut milk and blend of coconut milk and tiger nut milk (50:50) showed the presence of alkaloids, tannins, saponins, and flavonoids in low concentration. Research results revealed significant differences in tannins content among tiger nut ice cream (0.06 ± 0.00), coconut ice cream (0.01 ± 0.00) as well as their blend (0.03 ± 0.00) at P<0.05 level of significance. Tiger nut milk ice cream, coconut milk ice cream and their blends contain flavonoids and alkaloids. However, saponins were present in the plant milk ice creams with the exception of coconut milk ice-creams (0.00 ± 0.00).
      Conclusion: Coconut milk, tiger nut milk and the blends of coconut milk and tiger nut milk have been recommended for ice cream production due to their phytochemical constituents.
      PubDate: 2022-11-12
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Inhibitory effects of Nigerian sweet and bitter honey on pancreatic alpha
           amylase activity

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      Authors: Adeoye Bayo Olufunso, Iyanda Abolape Ayobola, Oyerinde Ayodeji Michael, Oyeleke Ibukunoluwa Oyebimpe, Fadeyi Blessing Olayinka
      Pages: 27 - 32
      Abstract: Background: Nigeria has the highest prevalence of diabetes in Sub - Saharan Africa. The relative contraindications associated with conventional oral hypoglycemic drugs demand the search for nutraceuticals as ideal alternatives.
      Objective: In this study, we aimed at elucidating possible antiglycemic properties of Nigerian sweet and bitter honey from Apis Mellifera Andasonii through the pathway of alpha amylase inhibition.
      Method: The pH of the honey samples was determined using a digital pH meter (pHs-2F, Harris, England). Standard assay methods using 3, 5 - dinitrosalicylic acid (DNSA) was used to analyse alpha amylase activity invitro. The honey concentration which inhibited 50% alpha amylase activity (IC ) was 50 determined using the dose response curve. Data were analysed using student t-test on graph pad prism 6.1.
      Result: The sweet and bitter honey samples exhibited low pH values of 3.30 and 3.38 respectively. The dose dependent inhibition of alpha amylase activity was significantly (p<0.05) higher in sweet honey (94.73% at 1 mg/mL) than in bitter honey (92.06% at 1 mg/mL) with IC values of 0.157 ± 50 0.023 mg/mL and 0.255 ± 0.049 mg/mL respectively.
      Conclusion: Both sweet and bitter honey varieties used for this study are potential new sources of alpha amylase inhibitor. They can be appraised as novel indigenous functional foods for regulating postprandial hyperglycemia.
      PubDate: 2022-11-12
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Effect of fermentation period on the nutrient and anti- nutrient
           properties of Okpehe Seed (Prosopis Africana)

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      Authors: Chinaza Precious Uche, Chinonye Maryrose Umenne, Chinonye Maryrose Umenne
      Pages: 33 - 40
      Abstract: Background:The intake of adequate nutrients had been known as a major determinant factor in fighting chronic diseases. Fermentation increases the level of some nutrient, digestibility and bioavailability and also decreases level of antinutrient, increase nutrient density and nutritional value. Objective: This study evaluated the effect of different fermentation period on the chemical properties of Okpehe seed. Methods: The Okpehe sample was obtained from Ogige main market in Nsukka Local Government Area of Enugu State, Nigeria. The seeds were prepared and allowed to ferment at different periods of 5days, 7days, 9days, 11days, and 14days. The plant samples were analyzed for proximate, vitamin, mineral and anti-nutrient at the different fermentation periods using standard procedures. Results: The result showed that fermentation significantly (P<0.05) increased the moisture, ash and protein content of Okpehe with values ranging from 52.69 - 54.36 mg/100g, 2.37-2.45 mg/100g and 21.31-22.43 mg/100g respectively. On the minerals, Calcium was significantly (P<0.05) increased with increased fermentation period with values ranging from 73.92-78.62 mg/100g with same trend for Magnesium, Potassium, Phosphorus, Iron, Sodium and Zinc. For anti-nutrient and vitamins, the fermentation of Okpehe significantly reduced the anti-nutrient and vitamin content of the samples. Conclusion: The Okpehe seed could be used as alternative source of protein in the diet/protein supplement. The study recommends among others that fermented Okpehe should be employed in the food industry as they can be used in making food supplements that are rich in proteins and minerals.

      PubDate: 2022-11-12
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Nutritional status and adequacy of selected micronutrients of civil
           servants in Ogun state, Nigeria

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      Authors: Oyefunmilayo S. Amoda, Gbenga S. Oladosu, Bolanle R Olajide, Oluseye O. Onabanjo , Ebenezer P John
      Pages: 41 - 50
      Abstract: Background: Inadequate micronutrient intake can have a negative impact on physical and mental health causing several health consequences. People who are overweight or obese also fails to meet the majority of micronutrient recommendations Objective: This study assessed the nutritional status and adequacy of selected micronutrients of civil servants in Ogun State, Nigeria. Methods: The study design was cross-sectional in design. The sample consisted of 250 civil servants. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to determine the socio-demographic characteristics, family medical history and nutrition knowledge of the respondents. Nutrient intakes were estimated from 24-hour dietary recall and analyzed using Nutri-Survey software. Anthropometric measurements were carried out to determine nutritional status. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics using SPSS version 20. Statistical significance was established at p≤0.05. Results: Prevalence of overweight and obesity was 39.2% and 11.6% respectively. One-third (32.8%) of the population were at risk of cardiovascular diseases. Nutrient adequacy of micronutrients assessed were low except phosphorus (89.6%), zinc (86.8%), iron (68.8%) and sodium (50.0%) which were in excess. Macronutrients were above the recommended dietary allowances. A significance association (p<0.05) was observed between some micronutrient adequacy ratio (folic acid, Vitamin A and Vitamin E) and nutritional status assessed by Body Mass Index of the respondents.
      Conclusion: Micronutrient intake was inadequate and prevalence of overweight and obesity were higher than reported in previous studies. There is a need for nutrition education that emphasizes on the consumption of micronutrient dense foods.
      PubDate: 2022-11-12
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Consumption pattern and standardization of some food recipes from Lima
           Bean in Kaduna State, Northwestern Nigeria

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      Authors: Charity Baliyat Dankat, Olumuyiwa Adeyemi Owolabi , Ijeoma Okolo
      Pages: 51 - 61
      Abstract: Background: Adequate nutrients are vital for healthy growth and development, in this regard, assessing the nutrient content of foods is very essential. However, many Nigerian dishes are difficult to assess because, they have not been standardized. Objective: This study was carried out to assess the consumption frequency of lima bean foods and to standardize the commonly consumed lima bean foods in Kaduna State. Methods: A validated semi-structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on the consumption of lima bean foods. The study involved 400 households selected using a multi-stage sampling technique. The means for each ingredient of commonly consumed foods were calculated from twenty randomly selected recipes and then used for the preparation of the standardized foods. These foods were then subjected to sensory analysis using standard procedures. Results: Data revealed that only 54.3% of the population consumed lima bean foods, four out of ten (23.1%) of the respondents consumed lima beans at least once to twice a week with 17.5% consuming only once or occasionally per year. The most consumed lima bean foods in Kaduna state are lima bean porridge (64.9%), followed by lima bean-benniseed (14.8%) and lima bean-hungry rice (11.5%). All the foods scored more than 3, the benchmark for acceptability. Conclusion: The three commonly consumed lima bean foods were considered acceptable. There is need for an increase extension work in the utilization of lima bean foods to help in alleviating the effects of malnutrition.
      PubDate: 2022-11-12
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Assessment of Body Mass Index of tuberculosis patients on
           anti-tuberculosis drugs in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

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      Authors: Igbagboyemi Adesola Deniran, Olanike Olubunmi Balogun, Jayeola Feyisayo
      Pages: 62 - 69
      Abstract: This study assessed Body Mass Index (BMI) of tuberculosis patients on anti-tuberculosis drugs in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Cross-sectional study was conducted on 30 tuberculosis patients from Tuberculosis
      Clinic, Molete, Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. The demographic information was analyzed using descriptive statistics while BMI was (BMI) was used to determine the anthropometry values of the respondents. Inferential statistics was used to elucidate the relationship between demographic factors and BMI. Results showed that mean age of respondents was 38 years, while 53.3% of the respondents were males. In respect to education, most (46.7%) of the respondents had tertiary education and almost half (46.7%) of the respondents engaged in private businesses. Most (33.3%) of the respondents weighed between 66–72kg and about 33.3% of the respondents were within the height ranged from 1.53 – 1.60m and 1.66 – 1.70m respectively. Outcome of BMI revealed that over 70% of the respondents fell within the normal 2 2 weight group (18.5 – 24.9 kg/m ) while 26.7% were underweight (less than 18.5 kg/m ). Results further showed that there was a significant relationship (p<0.05) between demographic factors (gender 0.048, age 0.038, ethnicity 0.000, religion 0.035, household size 0.004, education, 0.006 and occupation 0.036) and BMI among tuberculosis patients in the study area; also there was a significant relationship (p<0.05) between BMI and anti-tuberculosis drugs. Conclusively, findings revealed that occurrence of tuberculosis was more among the males compared to the females. However, majority of the respondents had normal weight based on the BMI outcome.
      PubDate: 2022-11-12
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Dietary habits of adult residents of Calabar Metropolis, Cross River
           State, Nigeria

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      Authors: Toochukwu James Paulmiki Ide, Nyakno Akpan Essien, Ebenezer Peter John, Ukamaka Scholastica Odoh-Felix, Chika Isabelle Ndiokwelu, Henrietta Nkechi Ene-Obong
      Pages: 70 - 79
      Abstract: Background: The food consumption habit of an individual or a group is an important factor in determining the nutritional status and overall health of the individual or group.   Objective: The study was conducted to determine the dietary habits of adults residing in Calabar Metropolis. Methodology: The WHO standard questionnaire on dietary assessment and related surveys was used to collect data on the dietary habits of adults within the age bracket of 20 – 70 years. The study sampled 500 respondents utilizing a multistage sampling technique. Statistical Product and Service Solutions (SPSS) version 22.0 was used for data analysis. Results: There were more females (54.0%) than males (46.0 %) in the study. Majority (89.2%) of the population were young and middle-aged adults (20-59 years). It was found that 39.4% of the respondents went to work or market with meals prepared at home; proportion (44.2%) of those who went to work or market with meals prepared at home did that occasionally. Remarkable proportions (31.4%) and (22.3%) of the respondents respectively consumed snacks and sweetened beverages 3-7 times weekly, whereas 94% skipped one or more meals per day. About ninety-seven percent (96.8%) of the respondents consumed foods very rich in oil/fat, spices/beverages had 100% consumption; even though vegetable consumption was high (94.8%), fruit consumption was relatively low (27.8%). Conclusion: The dietary habits of the population tilt towards an unhealthy end, calling for actions by the nutrition stakeholders to create more awareness in the study area, encouraging the individuals to make healthy food choices.

      PubDate: 2022-11-12
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Nutrient and anti-nutrient composition of Cowpea (Vigna Biflorus) flours
           produced from germination and fermentation process

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      Authors: E.N. Chukwuemeka, C.O. Anoshirike, M.N Nnam , J.U. Chikwendu, K.C. Anoshirike
      Pages: 80 - 87
      Abstract: Background: Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown across Africa. It is an important cheap nonanimal protein. Processing of cowpea into flour could reduce post-harvest pest damage, improve nutrient quality and increase diversity its uses. Although these practice are often underutilized in Nigeria. Methods: The cowpea harvested from a farm in Ovoko, Igbo-Eze South LGA of Enugu State, Nigeria. Cowpea grains were divided into three portions: unprocessed; germinated only; germinated and fermented for 48hrs. After the three portions of the cowpea were separately, washed, drained, sundried and milled into flours. Unprocessed cowpea flour (UCF); germinated cowpea flour (GCF); germinated and fermented cowpea flour (GFCF). The samples were subjected to nutrients and antinutrients analysis using standard methods. Data were analyzed using Statistical Product for Service Solution (SPSS) version 22. Statistical analysis was done using Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and Duncan's multiple range tests was used to compare the means. Objective: The study evaluated the Nutrient and Anti-nutrient composition of cowpea (Vigna biflorus) flours produced from germination and fermentation process. Results: Results showed that GFCF had higher protein (20.99%); Fat (2.88%), Fibre (3.29%) and least carbohydrate (68.43%), while UCF had higher ash content (2.98%). GFCF had higher zinc (0.12mg), iron (3.93mg), calcium (3.52mg) and phosphorous (68.90mg). GFCF had reduced in Phytate 4.33mg; Tannins (1.43); Hydrogen Cyanide (4.31); Oxalate (3.55); but increased in Saponin (0.13), respectively.  Conclusions: This study shows that germination and fermentation process of cowpea flour improve the nutrient content and reduces the carbohydrate and anti nutrient contents of the cowpea flour.
      PubDate: 2022-11-12
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Phytochemical, antioxidant properties and volatile compounds of tisanes
           prepared from Aidan (Tetrapleura tetraptera) fruit and Uziza (Piper
           guineense) seeds

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      Authors: Chinelo Vanessa Ezeocha, Amarachi Monica Urenwoke
      Pages: 88 - 98
      Abstract: Background: Some local herbs are still underexploited especially in the form of tisanes. Objective: The present study aims to assess the potentials of Aidan (Tetrapleura tetraptera) fruit and Uziza (Piper guineense) seeds in the production of tisanes and evaluate the phytochemical, antioxidant and volatile compounds of the tisanes. Methods: Uziza seeds and Aidan fruits were sorted, washed, dried and milled before packaging in tea bags (50 g per tea bag) while a commercial lemon grass and ginger tisane was used as control. The tisane infusions were evaluated for their physicochemical, phytochemical, antioxidant, sensory properties and volatile compounds using standard methods. Results: The pH of the tisane extracts were slightly acidic (5.30 to 6.54), the saponin contents ranged from 0.05-0.14%, tannin from 22.91-24.33%, phenol from 1.75-2.92% and alkaloid from 3.15-5.39%. The ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) of uziza tisane (73.72mg/100g) was significantly higher than that of aidan fruit (49.29mg/100g) and the control (57.26mg/100g). Forty eight volatile compounds including hydrocarbons (mainly terpenes), aldehydes and alcohols were identified in the tisane samples amongst which were piperine identified in uziza (0.66%) and Apiol in both uziza and aidan fruit (5.43%). Uziza tisane was the least preferred in terms of the sensory parameters while the control was the most preferred. Conclusion: The study showed that uziza and aidan fruit can be used in the production of tisanes with health promoting potentials.
      PubDate: 2022-11-12
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of physicochemical, functional and sensory qualities of Ofada
           rice (Oryza sativa L.)- sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas Lam)-wheat (Triticum
           aestivum) cake

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      Authors: Adekola Adegoke, Pelumi Ajala, Celestina Omohimi, Abdul-rasaq Adebowale
      Pages: 99 - 109
      Abstract: Background: There is a compelling need to create suitable wheat alternative, as the demand and price of wheat has been exacerbated by economic realities. Ofada rice-sweet potato-wheat flour mixes could reduce overdependence on wheat flour and increase culinary and industrial utilization of ofada rice and sweet potato. Objective: This study aimed to make cake out of a combination of ofada rice-sweet potato-wheat flour mixes and improve the nutritional content of the cake . Methods: The flours were produced using standard laboratory procedures and their samples were analyzed. The results of the chemical and organoleptic analyses were subjected to Analysis of Variance at a significance level of 5% using SPSS. Results: Moisture, ash, protein, fat, crude fiber, and carbohydrate contents varied from 30.23 to 36.08%, 2.05 to 2.43%, 5.29 to 6.08%, 17.21 to 21.36%, 2.95 to 5.88%, and 33.99 to 38.78%, respectively. The functional characteristics (bulk density, water and oil absorption capacity, and foaming capacity) varied from 0.61 to 0.81 g/ml, 139.07 to 168.2%, 120.51 to 126.59%, and 1.50 to 7.25%, respectively. However, sensory evaluation results revealed that composite cake A, D, F, E and G were the best in overall acceptability but, A, D, E and G were the best in volume and weight increase. The sensory analysis revealed that the Sample D cake had similar values to the 100% wheat flour cake. Conclusion: The cake samples were generally accepted and the wheat flour fortified with ofada rice and sweet potato flours yielded high-quality cakes.
      PubDate: 2022-11-12
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Hypertension and associated factors among community-dwelling rural adults
           in Abia State, Nigeria

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      Authors: Patricia Ogechi Ukegbu, Beulah Favour Ortutu, Sochima Diara, Chinaza Precious Uche, Andrew Ugwunna Ukegbu
      Pages: 110 - 121
      Abstract: Background: Hypertension is a growing public health problem in developing countries contributing to morbidity and mortality of billions of adults worldwide. Objective: The study aimed to assess the prevalence and factors associated with hypertension among adults in rural communities of Ikwuano, Abia State, Nigeria. Methods: A community-based descriptive cross-sectional survey in rural communities was conducted among 429 apparently healthy adults aged 20 to 59 years using cluster sampling technique.  Sociodemographic information was obtained using a validated questionnaire. Blood Pressure (BP) and anthropometric measurements were carried out following standard procedures. Hypertension was defined as systolic blood pressure (SBP) equal or greater than 140mmHg and/or diastolic BP (DBP) equal or greater than 90mmHg. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to assess risk factors associated with hypertension. Results: The prevalence of hypertension was 51.0% (58.1% in males and 43.1% in females). Hypertension was significantly associated with age, gender, marital status and BMI. In the adjusted model, older age >40 years) (OR=1.96; 95% CL1.03 to 3.72; p<0.04) and over weight/obesity (OR=2.55; 95% CL1.50 to 4.34; p<0.001) were associated with higher odds of having hypertension. Females gender was associated with lower odds of hypertension compared to males (OR=0.32; 95% CI 0.20 to 0.52; p<0.001). Conclusion: The study showed a high prevalence of hypertension among rural community dwelling adults, underscoring the need for routine screening of adults for early hypertension diagnosis.
      PubDate: 2022-11-13
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Therapeutic diets for the management of diabetes and arthritis among
           adults using selected indigenous foods as recipes in Aluu Community,
           Rivers State

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      Authors: A.I. Asouzu, M.C Afieroho
      Pages: 122 - 133
      Abstract: Background: In the prevention and management of chronic diseases, intake of a healthy and adequate indigenous diets are found to be essential hence the need for them to be prioritized. Objective: This study prepared diets intended for the management of diseases such as diabetes and arthritis, from developed recipes using selected indigenous foods and evaluated their nutrient compositions. Methods: Ten diets namely: sweet potatoes vegetable pudding (SPV), fried tapioca salad (FTS), vigna pottage delicacy (VPD), steamed whole cowpea (SWC), pleurotus wheatmix flakes (PWF), corn garden egg pudding (CGP), papaya fruit salad (PFS), savory star ginger fruitveg drink (SGF), pumpkin squash cucumber salad (PSC) and avocado cucumber salad (ACS) were prepared from developed recipes. AOAC analytical methods were used in determining the nutrient compositions. Sensory characteristics were done using the nine point hedonic scales by 12 trained panelists. One way analysis of variance was used for data analysis. Results: The diets from developed recipes contained appreciable amount of nutrients especially vitamin C, fiber and protein with PWF having the highest contents of fibre (1.68g/100g) and vitamin C (68.15mg/100g). With reference to protein, SWC diet had the highest content (1.80g/100g). VPD had the highest content of vitamin E (7.80mg/100g) and calcium (2.66mg/100g). The carbohydrate (2.30-20.05g/100g) and fat (0.35-4.41g/100g) contents of the diets were low. The result also showed that SWC has got highest acceptance by all sensory parameters except for its aroma. Conclusion: The therapeutic diets developed and analysed in this study contained appreciable mount of nutrients especially vitamin C, fiber and protein. A well combined indigenous foods could be used for the management of diseases such as diabetes and arthritis and for improvement of general nutritional status.
      PubDate: 2022-11-13
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Breastfeeding knowledge, exclusive breast-feeding duration, and perception
           of insufficient breast milk supply among lactating mothers in Ikwuano LGA
           of Abia State

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      Authors: Gideon Iheme, Elizabeth M Okonkwo, Happiness C Ezenwa, Chigozirim A. Amaeze, Miracle I Ofoha
      Pages: 134 - 143
      Abstract: Background: The rate of exclusive breastfeeding in Nigeria is still suboptimal Mothers' breastfeeding knowledge and perception of breast milk supply is integral to achieving optimum breastfeeding. Objective: This study determined exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) knowledge, duration, and Perception of Insufficient Milk Supply (PIMS) among lactating mothers in Ikwuano LGA. Methods: Three hundred and fifty lactating mothers were randomly selected from five Primary Health Care centers in Ikwuano LGA. A semi-structured questionnaire that comprised of socio-demographic characteristics, EBF knowledge and practice questions and Perceived Insufficient Milk Supply scale was used to elicit information from mother and infant (0-9 months) pairs. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: Results revealed that 58% of mothers had a good EBF knowledge. The mean duration of exclusive breastfeeding was 3 months and only 24.1% practiced exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months. About 54% of the respondents perceived insufficient milk supply Mothers used less sensitive indicators such as infant satiety cues and enough breast milk in the breast to identify PIMS, while sensitive indicators like weight gain and wet diapers were less reported. Inadequate food and drink intake was found to be responsible for most (65%) of mothers perceived reason for insufficient milk supply. Conclusion: The duration of exclusive breastfeeding and exclusive breastfeeding rate was below the national target. Improving mothers' breastfeeding knowledge and educating them on the correct way of identifying insufficient milk supply are important determinants in achieving the six months EBF practices. 
      PubDate: 2022-11-13
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Risk of bacterial infection from selected fermented milk products in
           Abakaliki Metropolis

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      Authors: Chidinma Nnenne David, Eucharia Okonkwo, Ebuka Elijah David, Doris Olachi Obasi, Shedrack Chinedu Ogunwa, Shedrack Chidiebere Kanu, Chidinma Felicia Ezennaya, Uket Nta Obeten
      Pages: 144 - 154
      Abstract: Background: This study was aimed at evaluating the risk of bacterial infection from fermented fura de nunu milk product consumed in Abakaliki metropolis. Method:Twenty five (25) samples of nunu and fura de nunu each were purchased from different vendors at Hausa Quarters' Market in Abakaliki metropolis. Bacteria were isolated using differential and selective media and identified using standard biochemical tests. Molecular identification was performed by amplification of 16S rDNA. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by Kirby Bauer disk diffusion method. Result: A total of 90 bacterial isolates from fura de nunu (56) and nunu (34) samples were isolated. The total bacteria count and mean bacteria colony forming units were significantly higher (P≤0.05) in fura de nunu (57±26.5), (11.4±5.3) than in nunu (24±14.1), (4.8±2.8) respectively. All the bacteria isolates were resistant to cefotaxime, meropenem, amoxycilin–clavulanic acid and susceptible to imipenem and gentamicin. Eighty five (94%) of the bacteria isolates were resistant to ceftriazone while (6%) showed intermediate zone of inhibition. About 58% of the bacteria isolates were resistant to sulphamethoxazole/trimethoprime, while 42% of the isolates showed susceptibility with multidrug resistance observed in over 90% of the isolates. Out of 58 isolates used, 64% and 26% exhibited hemolytic and hemmagutination properties. Conclusion: It is evident that fura de nunu may be a source of different bacterial infections capable of causing food-borne illnesses, food intoxication and gastroenteritis.

      PubDate: 2022-11-13
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of the effect of dried rumen digesta on feed intake and growth
           performance of giant African land snail (Achatina achatina )

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      Authors: Michael Onwumere, Melody N. Modebelu
      Pages: 155 - 160
      Abstract: Background: The seasonality of plant materials and the high cost of purchasing the ingredients and in formulating snail feed are the factors that deter the rearing of snails. Effort should be directed towards feeding snails with cheap and locally available, but rich feed ingredients to minimize the effect of high cost of compounded feed, to ensure continuity of snail production all year round. Objective: The study examined the effect of dried rumen digesta on feed intake and growth performance of Giant African land snail (Achatina achatina). Methods: The study adopted an experimental research with completely randomized design (CRD) while simple random sampling technique was used to obtain forty-eight Giant African land snail was used as sample for the study. The experimental diets were formulated using adjustable Pearson's square method of feed formulation to contain dried rumen digesta at 0%, 5% and 10% inclusion level respectively. The feed intake was measured by a weigh-back technique while the length and width were measured using Venier caliper. One way Analysis of Variance ANOVA was used for the running of the analysis. Results: The feed intake of Giant African land snail (Achatina achatina ) in treatment 2 ( T2) with 10% rumen digesta showed the highest mean value of 121.05, showing that rumen digesta is useful as an economic replacement for energy feed ingredients as cereals. Conclusion: Extension agents should embark upon mass sensitization on benefits of feeding dried rumen digesta to snails at the levels of 5-10% for a cost effective snail production.
      PubDate: 2022-11-13
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Weight change, haematology and lipid profile of normal male Wistar rats
           fed on high-calorie diet and vegetables

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      Authors: B.K. Adeoye, G.O. Dada, O.O. Oyerinde, A.R. Akinlade, I. Esiaba, O.A. Adewole
      Pages: 161 - 171
      Abstract: Background: The decline in vegetable consumption, some of which are gradually getting extinct because of insufficient information on their health benefits, is a major factor for the rise in the incidence of
      nutritional disorders. Objective: Effect of Amaranthus hybridus, Crassocephalum crepidioides, Senecio biafrae and Corchorus olitorius on the weight, haematology, and lipid profile of rats fed on high-calorie diet. Methods: The study comprised of six groups of male Wistar rats. Positive control (A) was fed on regular feed and water while the negative control (B) was fed a high-calorie diet. The four treatment groups were given high-calorie diet along with 5 % of one of the four vegetables for five weeks respectively. The weights of the rats were obtained before and after the experiment. The feed and water consumption of the rats were recorded daily. The haematology and the lipid profile were determined at the end of the experiment. Results: The composition of the feeds was significantly different (p<0.05). The mean weekly water intake (332 ml) and feed consumption (92 g) of the positive control were not significantly different while its mean weight change (22 g) was significant at p<0.05. S. biafrae increased non-significantly the PCV (48.25 %), 9 haemoglobin (16.25 g/dl) and platelet count (289 ×109 / L). A. hybridus lowered the total cholesterol (89.93 mg/dl), triglyceride (45.38 mg/dl) and LDL (77.65 mg/dl) while S. biafrae increased the HDL (44.65 mg/dl) level. Conclusion: The effect of the high-calorie diet was better ameliorated by A. hybridus and S. biafrae.


      PubDate: 2022-11-13
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • A comparative assessment of high blood pressure and its dietary risk
           factors among teaching and non-teaching staff of University of Lagos,
           Nigeria

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      Authors: Florence N. Uchendu, Oluwakemi O. Odukoya
      Pages: 172 - 182
      Abstract: Background: High-blood-pressure is a silent-killer and one of the leading causes of death globally.
      Objective: This study assessed and compared high-blood-pressure and its dietary-risk-factors among teaching-and non-teaching staff of University of Lagos, Nigeria. Methods: A three-stage sampling-technique was used to select 978 respondents from 9 out of 12 University faculties/Senate-building. Respondents' socio-demographic-information and HBP dietary-risk-factors were collected using an adapted pre-tested version of WHO-STEPwise-questionnaire. Blood-pressure was measured using an automatic blood-pressure monitor, sphygmomanometer. Data was analysed using descriptive-statistics, student-t-test and binary-logistic-regression at p<0.05. Results: Mean ages were teaching (TS) 48.9±8.56years and non-teaching-staff (NTS) 41.8±9.40years. Systolic-BP was 127.1±13.44 mmHg and 123.6±16.15mmHg for TS and NTS respectively; Diastolic-BP 79.6±7.68mmHg and 78.6±9.57mmHg for TS and NTS respectively. HBP was 24.2% and 22.9% for TS and NTS using 2003-JNC7 while 2017-guideline was 64.7% and 51.1% for TS and NTS respectively. Fruits were consumed ≥3days/week by TS (68.1%) and <3days/week by NTS (50.2%). Vegetables were consumed ≥3days/week by TS (60.5%) and NTS (52.4%); Alcohol: 1-2 days/week 12.6% and 19.5% for TS and NTS; Addition of extra salt to meals always 2.6% and 3.3% by TS and NTS. Processed-foods consumed always 9.7% and 15.6% by TS and NTS. Statistically significant association existed between dietary-risk-factors and HBP (p<0.05). HBP-odds among teaching-staff increased with low-consumption of vegetables (<3 days/week) (OR = 1.88; 95% CI: (1.17-3.03); p=0.009) and high-consumption of vegetable-oil (OR = 1.74; 95% CI: (1.08 - 2.80); p=0.022). Conclusion: Hypertensive non-teaching-staff consumed more of dietary-risk-factors of HBP than teaching-staff. Workplace nutrition-education and awareness campaign is very crucial.
      PubDate: 2022-11-13
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Assessment of nutrient intake among rural farming households in Imo State,
           Nigeria

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      Authors: Evelyn Njideka Bede, Chisom Norberth Uwandu, Oluwaseun Ariyo, Emeka Festus Odoemenam, Emmanuel Ekene Odega, Tomilola Juliana Ojo
      Pages: 183 - 191
      Abstract: Background: Adequate nutrient intake is one of the key promoters of good health. An inadequate diet, poor in both quantity and quality constitutes the major reason for high level of malnutrition among farming households. Objective: The study assessed nutrient intake among rural farming households in Imo State, Nigeria. Methods: A four-staged sampling technique was used to select a total of 122 farming households in Imo state. Purposively, caregivers in each of the selected households were interviewed. Analysis of nutrient intake was performed using Food Processor Software version 11.7.1, while all statistical analysis were performed using SPSS version 23.0. Usual nutrient intake of the farming households' caregivers were compared with the Dietary Reference Intake (DRI). Caregivers' anthropometric parameters were obtained using standard instruments Results: Averagely, households' breadwinner's monthly income, years spent in education by households' caregivers, and household size were ₦45000±33500, 12.99±2.53, and 5±2 respectively. Almost half (51.6%) of the households' caregivers had normal weight. Average contribution of protein, fat and carbohydrate to the total energy intake were adequate for the households' caregivers. Compared to recommendations, all the caregivers aged 19-30 years had inadequate intakes of vitamins D and K. Over 83.0% of the households' caregivers aged 31-50 years had inadequate intake of calcium. However, more than 78.0% of the households' caregivers in each of the age group had excess intake of copper. Conclusion: The study therefore concludes that mean intake of potassium, calcium, vitamins D and K for the farming households in the study area were inadequate, while protein intake was adequate.
      PubDate: 2022-11-13
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Demographic characteristics and healthcare utilization among mothers with
           under-5 children in Rivers State Nigeria

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      Authors: Ucheoma A. Asiegbu, Grace T . Fadupin
      Pages: 192 - 202
      Abstract: Background: Nearly half of the children under five years of age globally die annually mostly from preventable and treatable causes. Adequate healthcare utilization has been identified as a means of child survival which is dependent on women's activities and empowerment.
      Objectives: This study was designed to investigate the influence of demographic characteristics on Healthcare Utilization (HCU) of mothers with under-5 children in Rivers state.
      Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was adopted to select data on 330 mother/child pairs in six Local Government Areas in Rivers state using a four-stage stratified random sampling method. An interview-administered structured questionnaire was used. HCU was scored. Descriptive statistics, the Chi-Square test and the general linear modelling were used to analyse the data.
      Results: Mothers' age was 29.03±5.66, about 52% had fair HCU and 48.4% had good utilization in the state. More mothers in the Riverine area (62.3%) had good healthcare utilization than mothers in the upland area (42.1%). Single mothers had lower healthcare utilization (p = 0.018) than married mothers. Maternal demographic characteristics generally accounted for about 14% variation in HCU among mothers with under-5 children in Rivers state.
      Conclusion: Maternal healthcare utilization was fair. Maternal demographic characteristics are important factors that can influence healthcare utilization among mothers in Rivers state. This study, therefore recommends a sensitization program to improve healthcare utilization among mothers in Rivers state.
      PubDate: 2022-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Nutrient and mineral contents of traditional porridge 'Ikokore'
           prepared with different yam species

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      Authors: Ganiyu Babatunde Adebayo, Gloria Aderonke Otunola, Fisayo Abraham Bamisaye, Titilayo Olubunmi Oyegoke
      Pages: 203 - 209
      Abstract: Background: “Ikokore” is originated from Ijebu tribe located in Ogun State but the meal has gained popularity and prepared among many other tribes of Nigeria this day. However, little is known about the nutritional status of this meal. Therefore this study aimed at investigating and comparing the nutrient contents of this meal. Methods: Equal amount of water, smoked fish, grounded pepper, fermented melon seed and salt were added into each pot corresponding to a yam specie, mixed and boiled for 10 minutes. Then 500 g each of peeled and grated yam species were added to each pot and again boil for 10 minutes. Finally, equal amount of palm oil was also added and allowed to simmer for another 10 minutes and thereafter stirred well to obtain “Ikokore” meal. Their proximate analysis, macronutrients and mineral contents were then determined. Results: “Ikokore” from D. alata had significantly higher (P < 0.05) moisture (74.58%), ash 10.74%) and protein (8.70%) contents compared with those of D. rotundata and C. esculenta. “Ikokore” from D. rotundata had highest fibre (4.00%) compared with others. D. alata contains the highest number of minerals compared with the other two species. However, potassium (4.983 ± 149.00 g/ppm) and iron (2216.834 ± 100 g/ppm) contents of “ikokore” prepared with D. rotundata were significantly higher than those of D. alata and C. esculenta. Manganese was not detected in the meals. Conclusion: The three “Ikokore” meals are fairly good sources of energy, minerals and other nutrient macromolecules with D. alata revealing better results.
      PubDate: 2022-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Nutrition knowledge, complementary feeding practices and use of food
           labels amongst young mothers in Owerri Metropolis

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      Authors: I.C. Akujobi
      Pages: 210 - 217
      Abstract: Background: Maternal nutrition knowledge is important for the selection of appropriate foods that will meet the nutritional demands of infants. Objective: To evaluate the nutrition knowledge, complementary feeding practices and use of food label among young mothers in Owerri Metropolis. Methods: It was a cross sectional survey comprising of 300 mothers between 18-30 years. Respondents for the study were randomly drawn from mothers attending maternal and child health clinic in five hospitals and five maternity clinics as well as five private crèche and five public crèche in Owerri metropolis, Imo state. A well-structured and validated questionnaire was administered to collect information on socio economic data, nutritional knowledge, complementary feeding practices and use of food label. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson's bivariate correlations with SPSS version 21.0. Results: Approximately 36.3% of the respondents had Masters degree, 58.0% were civil servants while 66.7% had good nutrition knowledge. Approximately 50.7% of the respondents introduced complementary foods at 3 months, pap was the major complementary food given by 65.3% of the respondents, 72% stopped breastfeeding at 9-12 months while 54.3% feed their infants up to 7 times daily. Most (95.3%) of the respondents read food labels, 60.0% regard food label to be very important while 56.3% seek for best before date. Conclusion: This study revealed that more than half of the mothers in Owerri metropolis have good nutrition knowledge, however the complementary feeding practices and utilization of food labels are still poor.
      PubDate: 2022-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Assessment of breastfeeding practices of working mothers in Ilaro, Ogun
           State

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      Authors: A.B. Adepoju, J.O. Makanjuola
      Pages: 218 - 227
      Abstract: Background: Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) is important for optimal growth and development of infant. However, increase in women involvement in labor sector may pose a great barrier to this. Thus, this study assessed the breastfeeding practices of working mothers in Ilaro. Methods: A cross-sectional study involving 200 working mothers selected from Ilaro community using multistage sampling. Semi-structured and self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit data on socio demographic and economic characteristics, job description, belief on breastfeeding and breastfeeding practices of the respondents. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 25.0. Result: More than half (59.0%) of the respondents were employed in private organizations and 41.0% were civil servants. Majority (72%) of the respondents work between 8am- 4pm daily. Nearly all the respondents (93.0%) breastfed their babies their infant from birth, 76.5% gave colostrum and 50% do breast feed their baby only when demanded. Four out of five breastfeed their infant during the working hour while 5.5% and 10.5% expressed their breast milk and gave infant formula respectively during the working hour. More than half (63%) of the respondents had good breastfeeding practices while 23% and 13% were rated fair and poor respectively. Significant associated (p< 0.05) was observed between respondent's breastfeeding practices and some socio demographic characteristics, job description and
      belief on breast feeding practices. Conclusion: Good breastfeeding practices were observed among the study population and this was significantly associated with factors like age, estimated monthly income, place of work and some belief on breastfeeding.
      PubDate: 2022-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
  • Nutritional status and micronutrients adequacy of food consumed by
           adolescents in school in Abeokuta

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      Authors: Gbenga S Oladosu, Oyefunmilayo S Amoda, Bolanle R Olajide, Ebenezer P John, Oluseye O Onabanjo
      Pages: 228 - 237
      Abstract: Background: Micronutrient and nutritional deficiencies remain a serious nutritional problem of significant importance in low-income countries especially Nigeria. Adolescents are vulnerable because they are at a stage of biological and psychological growth and nutrition inadequacy at this stage will have serious nutritional and health consequences. Objectives: The study assessed the nutritional status and micronutrients adequacy of food consumed by adolescents in school in Abeokuta, Ogun state. Materials and Methods: The study design was descriptive and cross-sectional involving multistage sampling for the selection of 200 respondents from public secondary schools in Abeokuta North and South. Data were obtained on socio-demographic, socioeconomic characteristics, nutritional knowledge, nutrients intake and anthropometry of the respondents using a structured self-administered questionnaire, repeated 24-hour dietary recall and standard procedures. Data were analyzed and presented using descriptive and inferential statistics. Statistical significance was established at p≤0.05 Result and Discussion: Result revealed that majority (94%) of the respondents were within the age range of 14-19years, 42% of the respondents consumed breakfast in school, 57.5%, 37.5% and 5% had good, fair, and poor nutritional knowledge respectively. The nutritional status estimation revealed that 31% of the total respondents were stunted, while 50% were thin. There was significant micronutrient inadequacy of vitamin A, carotene, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, folate, vitamin C, potassium, calcium, iron, and zinc.  Conclusion: This study established substantial micronutrients inadequacy and increased prevalence of undernutrition among the study respondents.
      PubDate: 2022-11-15
      Issue No: Vol. 43, No. 2 (2022)
       
 
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