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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
Showing 1 - 64 of 64 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Portuguesa de Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Eating Disorders : Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 59)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 156)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Appetite     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Arab Journal of Nutrition and Exercise     Open Access  
Archive of Food and Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bangladesh Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
British Journal Of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access  
Childhood Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89)
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Nutrition Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Nutrition Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Nutrition Open Science     Open Access  
Clinical Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Nutrition Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
DEMETRA : Alimentação, Nutrição & Saúde     Open Access  
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Ecology of Food and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ernährung & Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
European Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Food and Environmental Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Foodways: Explorations in the History and Culture of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Food and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Food, Culture and Society: An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Frontiers in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Functional Foods in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Genes & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Human Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Eating Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Transplant and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90)
International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 82)
Journal of Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Dietary Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food & Nutritional Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medicinal Herbs and Ethnomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of Muscle Foods     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Nutritional Ecology and Food Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 60)
Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia : Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia / The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition     Open Access  
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan     Open Access  
La Ciencia al Servicio de la Salud y Nutrición     Open Access  
Lifestyle Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lifestyle Journal     Open Access  
Maternal & Child Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Médecine & Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription  
Media Gizi Indonesia     Open Access  
Metabolism and Nutrition in Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
NFS Journal     Open Access  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
npj Science of Food     Open Access  
Nutrición Hospitalaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrients     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Nutrire     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Nutrition & Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Nutrition - Science en évolution     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition and Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nutrition and Metabolic Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Nutrition Bytes     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Nutrition Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Nutrition Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutritional Neuroscience : An International Journal on Nutrition, Diet and Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Obesity Facts     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Obesity Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Oil Crop Science     Open Access  
Open Food Science Journal     Open Access  
Open Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Obesity Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pediatric Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
PharmaNutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Plant Production Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Public Health Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBONE - Revista Brasileira de Obesidade, Nutrição e Emagrecimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chilena de Nutricion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Salud Pública y Nutrición     Open Access  
Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional     Open Access  
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
The Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Topics in Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
UNICIÊNCIAS     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Food and Nutrition Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

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Progress in Nutrition
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.193
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1129-8723
Published by Mattioli 1885 srl Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Potential nutritive value of some tree leaves commonly used for small
           ruminant in the Aegean region of Turkey

    • Authors: Hayrullah Bora Ünlü, Çağrı Özgür Özkan, Adem Kamalak
      Abstract: The nutritional potential of the leaves of 10 different maquis tree species were evaluated in terms of chemical composition, in vitro gas and methane production, metabolizable energy (ME) and organic matter digestibility (OMD) in a maquis and mountainous region of western Turkey. Leaves from 10 tree species, Quercus aucheri, Olea europaea, Quercus robur, Morus alba L, Paliurus spina-christi, Pistacia terebinthus, Punica granatum, Pyrus elaeagnifolia, Vitis vinifera, and Tilia cordata, were sampled from maquis areas. Tree species had a significant effect on the chemical composition, in vitro gas, methane production, ME, and OMD (P<0.05). The results showed large variation in the contents of all examined nutritional components, in vitro gas and methane production, ME and OMD among the leaves of these tree species. Species had a significant effect on the chemical components, gas and methane production, ME, and OMD of tree leaves. The current study not only provides information about the chemical composition but also ME and OMD of tree leaves, making possible accurate formulation for ruminant animals grown in areas where tree leaves could be used as supplementary feeds for low-quality forages or substrate deficits. In particular, the nutritional value of the leaves of Morus alba L., Vitis vinifera, Pistacia terebinthus, and Paliurus spina-christi may offer considerable potential as high-quality forages and increase the economic profitability of ruminants during critical periods in some semi-arid, arid, and maquis regions of Turkey. All tree leaves except for Olea europaea and Morus alba L. have a low or moderate potential and seems to be used as alternative feedstuffs to mitigate the enteric methane production. However, in vivo experiment is required to test the anti-methanogenic potential of tree leaves.
      PubDate: 2022-03-31
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11710
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Association between nutritional status, deficiency of protein, iron and
           vitamins, caloric intake and food security in Mexican school children

    • Authors: Fatima Ezzahra Housni, Erika Saenz Pardo Reyes, Madeline de Jesús López Larios, Claudia Llanes Cañedo, Virginia Gabriela Aguilera Cervantes, Mariana Lares-Michel
      Abstract: The double burden of malnutrition, characterized by prevalence of undernutrition that coexist with overweight and obesity, affects more than a third of the Mexican child population. These conditions are linked to problems related to energy, macro and micronutrient deficiencies and in the contexts of poverty in Mexico, they are also related to Food Insecurity (FI). Therefore, the objective of this study is to explore the association between nutritional status, protein, iron and vitamin deficiency, caloric intake and Food Security (FS) in Mexican school children. 719 children between 5 and 12 years old from Chihuahua, Mexico were evaluated. Body Mass Index (BMI), weight for age (W/A), weight for height (W/H), height for age (H/A) and arm circumference (AC) were used. Two 24-hour recalls (R24), a Food Consumption Frequency Questionnaire (FQFC) and the Mexican Food Security Scale (EMSA) were applied. In addition, clinical evaluation of macro and micronutrient deficiencies was carried out. To examine the association between the variables, binary logistic regression models were performed reporting Odds Ratios (OR). Protein and micronutrient deficiencies were associated with the risk of both malnutrition and overweight and obesity. 71.4% of the overweight and obese children presented some degree of FI. Exceeding the consumption of fruits, vegetables, and soft drinks was associated with the risk of developing overweight and obesity. Micronutrient deficiencies and FI are not exclusive to undernutrition and are strongly associated with overweight and obesity problems. Exceeding the consumption of foods, even if they are healthy, is related to the risk of developing overweight and obesity.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.10900
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Determination of the structural and functional impact of high-risk
           missense SNPs in the obesity-associated gene, beta-catenin-like protein 1
           (CTNNBL1), by bioinformatic methods

    • Authors: Orcun Avsar
      Abstract: Summary. Obesity with a complex etiology is significantly correlated with mortality and morbidity and it is becoming an epidemic through the worldwide. Moreover, obesity is a great risk factor for various diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and chronic diseases. CTNNBL1 protein belongs to armadillocontaining protein family and is a member of the spliceosome of pre-mRNA processing factor 19 (Prp19) through the interaction with N-terminal sequence of CDC5L. It has been reported that beta-catenin-like protein 1 is associated with body fat mass and Body Mass Index (BMI). The underlying molecular mechanisms of obesity is needed to be clarified by comprehensive studies. Therefore, we aimed to conduct an in silico study to identify the effects of the high-risk nsSNPs of obesity-associated CTNNBL1 gene. Deleterious missense SNPs were analyzed through five different bioinformatic tools. Only eight missense SNPs were found to be deleterious and further investigated for prediction their effects on protein stability, the evolutionary dynamics of the changes of amino acids, PTMs sites, and structure conformation. Based on the web-based bioinformatic tools, we demonstrated that only five nsSNPs R323W (rs141919968), R73Q (rs144576870), R458H (rs151227978), P274H (rs200219582), and N299S (rs369990971) from eight CTNNBL1 deleterious nsSNPs were significant. No study conducted with these deleterious nsSNPs is reported in the literature. We suppose that the predicted pathogenic nsSNPs may be implicated in the pathogenesis of obesity and confirmation of the results by population studies are required.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11487
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • A Study About The Effect of Type-II Collagen on Balance Performance in
           Women With Knee Osteoarthritis

    • Authors: Cengiz Taşkın, Ali Kemal TAŞKIN, Ümmühan TÜMKAYA, Ercan YAMAKOĞLU, Cevdet Can DELİHACIOĞLU, Mehmet YILMAZ
      Abstract: In this study, the effect of hydrolyzed type-II collagen supplementation on Y balance performance investigated in patients with stage 2-3 osteoarthritis according to Kellgren Lawrence radiological staging. A total of 20 female patients that consists of 10 experimental groups with a average age of 38.7 ± 2.70 and 10 control groups with a average age of 38.3 ± 1.99 were included in the study. Tthe experimental group patients received paracetamol treatment with 1500 mg/day for three months orally hydrolyzed type-II collagen treatment on an empty stomach 10 g/day in the morning. The patients in the control group received only 1500 mg/day paracetamol treatment for three months. As a result of the statistical analysis that is performed at the end of the study, it is found that there are statistically significant differences in the Y balance’s pre-test and post-test performance values of the experimental group (p <0.05). However, there is no significant difference in the pre-test and post-test performance values of the control group (p> 0.05). As a result, it can be said that type-II collagen supplementation, which is one of the building blocks of joint cartilage in the body, can provide positive effects on the balance performance of female patients with knee osteoarthritis.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11654
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • A Cross-Sectional Study: Orthorexia Nervosa In Regular Exercising
           Individuals For Healthy Life

    • Authors: Ozge Yesildemir, Nilufer Acar Tek
      Abstract: This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of orthorexia nervosa (ON) among individuals who exercise regularly and to define the factors associated with ON. A total of 206 individuals, (102 males and 104 females) who exercise regularly at least twice a week were included in the study. Anthropometric measurements were taken and body composition was measured by BIA in addition to energy. Also, nutrient intake was done through a 24-hour diet recall and the ORTO-15 test was applied to the participants. Orhtorexia was more prevalent among participants who exercise regularly (81.6%). There was no statistically significant relationship between orthorexic tendency or gender, marital status, education, and income. The mean exercise frequency was significantly higher in individuals with ON than in non-ON individuals. Total dietary energy intake and the percentage of energy from carbohydrates were higher in males with ON than in non-ON males. The percentage of energy from protein was higher in females with ON. Body weight, percentage of body fat, and BMI were higher in orthorexic females than in non-orthorexic females, while there was no difference in anthropometric measurements and body composition in relation to ON in males. As a result, it was determined that individuals who exercise regularly were a risk group in terms of ON.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11921
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Evaluation of mindful eating, body image and anthropometric measurements
           of adolescents during the COVID-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Birsen YILMAZ, Makbule GEZMEN KARADAĞ
      Abstract: Objective: Body dissatisfaction is an increasing problem in adolescents, and it is thought that mindful eating and body image are related. These problems have become more serious during the pandemic period. This current study was carried out to examine the relationship between adolescents' mindful eating, body image, and anthropometric measurements during COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A total of 200 adolescents (100 boys and 100 girls) aged 11-17 years, were involved in the study. The data were collected by the researcher using the face-to-face interview method through a questionnaire. The Mindful Eating Questionnaire was used to determine mindful eating. The Stunkard body image scale was employed to evaluate the body image of individuals, and all anthropometric measurements were made by the researcher in accordance with technique. Results: The mean age of the individuals was 14.2±2.04 years, and more than half (52%) attended high school. 60.0% of obese boys and 38.0% of obese girls considered themselves obese. A statistically significant difference was found depending on gender in terms of body perception (p<0.05). No significant difference was found between the mindful eating scores of participants according to their body perception (p>0.05). A negative statistically significant correlation was determined between the total mindful eating score of those who described themselves as underweight, overweight, and obese, and BMI (kg/m2), waist circumference (cm), hip circumference (cm), and body fat (%) (p<0.05). It was also found there were negative significant relationships between mindful eating subscales, anthropometric measurements, and BMI (p<0.05). Conclusion: It was concluded that body image in adolescents was affected by gender and BMI, and anthropometric measurements were associated with mindful eating.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.12045
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The Relationship Between Diet Quality And Body Weight Management In
           Pre-Obese And Obese Women

    • Authors: Irem Dagoglu, Ozlem Persil-Ozkan
      Abstract: Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between "KIDMED, Mediterranean Diet Quality Index", "Diet Quality Index International (DQI-I)" scales and Body Mass Index (BMI), body fat percentage, biochemical parameters  of preobese and obese women. Methods: This descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted on 125 participants who applied to Fırat University Hospital Nutrition and Diet Policlinic between 11 April 2019 and 31 May 2019 in Elazıg/Turkey. Nutritional habits were evaluated with KIDMED and DQI-I. Food frequency questionare was used to collect data on dietary patterns. Chi-square test, T-test, ANOVA were used to analyze data. Scheffe or Tamhane tests were used in the binary comparisons of the groups. Pearson Correlation was used to evaluate the relation of quantitative variables with each other. Results: The mean age of the participants was 39,09±14,36  (min 19- max 69) years and %52 (n:65) were pre-obese and % 48 (n:60) were obese according to BMI. Mean scores of  KIDMED and DQI-I of pre-obeses were significantly higher than obeses. BMI, body fat percentage, total cholesterol level were inversely associated with both DQI-I and KIDMED.  The relationship between total cholesterol level and dietary total fat, saturated fat, cholesterol, empty calorie food, and fatty acid ratio scores was negatively significant for each component. Conclusion: The majority of pre-obese people were in the good and average categories of KIDMED, while the obese were mostly in the average and poor categories.The relationship between BMI and DQI-I total score was stronger than KIDMED.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.10415
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The Effect of Virtual Reality on Isometric Muscle Strength

    • Authors: Umut Dolu, Asiye Filiz Camliguney
      Abstract: The aim of the study is to determine the acute effects of virtual reality on isometric muscle strength, pain intensity, perceived exertion, and heart rate. The study sample comprised 46 male sedentary individuals with a mean age of 28,56±5,25, who don’t have a sports experience and any health problems. Participants were divided into two groups, A and B, and grouped randomly. The mean age of group A is 29,00±6,13 years, height 170,78±7,51 cm, body weight 70,58±9,57 kg. The mean age of group B is 27,69±3,94 years, height 172,69±6,32 cm, body weight 69,57±8,65 kg. During the Wall Squat Test, the participants verbally informed the perceived pain intensity and perceived exertion level every 30 seconds, and the heart rate was monitored using a smartwatch. After the first measurements were completed, a break was given for one week, and then a cross matching was made. According to the results of the study; It was determined that groups using virtual reality were more advantageous after first measurement and cross matching. Group virtual reality performed higher during the Wall Squat Test, and it was also determined that the pain intensity and perceived exertion levels were lower during the test. However, there was no significant difference in heart rate between the groups.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11462
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The Effect of Type-II Collagen on Y-Balance Performance in Men With
           Meniscus

    • Authors: Cengiz Taşkın, Ali Kemal TAŞKIN, Mehmet YILMAZ, Cevdet Can DELİHACIOĞLU, Ümmühan TÜMKAYA, Ercan YAMAKOĞLU
      Abstract: In the present study, the effect of hydrolyzed type-II collagen supplementation on Y balance performance was examined within the individuals that have second-degree meniscus damage. 10 experiments with an average age of 46.9 ± 3.61 and 10 control groups with an average age of 47.4 ± 2.12 took part in this study, including 20 male patients in total. Throughout the study, the experimental group patients received hydrolyzed type-II collagen treatment orally on an empty stomach for 10 g/days in the morning for three months. On the other hand, the control group patients did not receive any additional nutritional supplements. As a result of the statistical analysis that is made at the end of the study, there are significant differences that are determined within the Y balance test pre-test and post-test performance values of the experimental group (p <0.05). There were no significant differences in the pre-test and post-test performance values of the control group (p> 0.05). As a result, it can be said that collagen type-II supplementation, which is produced by the cartilage matrix in the body and is very important in terms of joint health and cartilage formation, has positive effects on the balance performance of individuals with meniscus damage. Consequently, it can be said that collagen type-II supplementation, which is produced by the cartilage matrix in the body and that is critical in terms of joint health and cartilage formation, has positive effects on the balance performance of individuals with meniscus damage.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11648
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Response of Some Trace Elements to Soccer Match Performed Different Times
           of Day in Young Sedentary Male

    • Authors: Sermin Algul, Saltuk Bugra Baltaci, Aydın Sukru Bengu, OguzOzcelik
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine effects of soccer match induced metabolic stress on levels of some trace elements. MATERIALS and METHODS: Fourteen sedentary male subjects randomly performed three indoor soccer matches (2 x 30 minute) in morning, afternoon and at night on different days. Venous blood samples were taken before and after match. Plasma malondialdehyde levels measured by High Performance Liquid Chromatography. Total antioxidant capacity and total oxidant capacity were estimated using a commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kit. Plasma iron, copper and zinc levels was measured using an Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. RESULTS: Significant increases were found in iron, malondialdehyde and total oxidant capacity in all matches (p<0.0001). Zinc decreased (p<0.0001) in morning but increases at night soccer a match (p<0.0001) which is opposite to copper. CONCLUSIONS:  There was no significant correlation between increased stress parameters and trace element levels. However, time of soccer match causes opposite influence on levels of zinc and copper.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11830
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Does Ethanolic Propolis Extract Affect Blood Clotting Parameters'

    • Authors: Sevgi Kolayli, Huseyin Sahin, Meltem Malkoc, Hilal Ebru Cakir, Yakup Kara, Ozlen Bektas, Kaan Kaltalioglu
      Abstract: Ethanolic propolis extract (EPE) can be used as a food supplement since it is a rich source of phenolic acids and flavonoids. However, it is also suspected that a high level of phenolic substances may interact with blood-thinning drugs, such as warfarin. This preliminary study investigated the effect of warfarin combined with EPE on blood coagulation in rats. Prothrombin time (PT), international normalized ratio (INR), activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT), and fibrinogen were measured in all experimental groups to determine blood coagulation effects. In addition, the propolis sample used in the study was analyzed in vitro. The total amounts of phenolic and flavonoid substances were 3884.30±18.20 mg GAE/100 mL and 1071.05±1.52 mg QU/100 mL, respectively. HPLC analysis identified rutin, caffeic acid phenyl ester (CAPE), and chrysin as major components. Moreover, while the EPE (200 mg/kg, bw) did not significantly affect coagulation parameters when used alone, it caused mild changes in combination with warfarin. In conclusion, the data obtained may be interpreted as evidence of a synergistic effect between the applied dose of EPE and warfarin, despite the expectation of a possible drug interaction.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.12017
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Determination of Eating Attitude and Mindful Eating Scores of Patients in
           Turkey

    • Authors: M. Ali Cebirbay, Cağrı Kitis
      Abstract: The study aims to evaluate the status of eating attitude and mindful eating of adult patients (n=905) who applied to diet polyclinics in hospitals in Afyonkarahisar, Turkey. The data were collected by face-to-face interviews using a 4-part questionnaire form, including socio-demographic features and nutritional habits, anthropometric measurements, Eating Attitude Test (EAT-40) and Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ-30). Data were analyzed using SPSS 25.0 version. In total, 5.4% of patients had eating disorders; underweight patients were associated significantly with an overall eating disorder (p<0.05), females’ EAT-40 scores were higher than males (p<0.001). Diet application before coming to the clinic, diet type, home delivery fast food consumption and night eating were significantly different associated with an eating disorder (p<0.05). The MEQ-30 total score (x̄±SE) of the patients was 2.82±0.45 (p<0.05) and emotional eating, eating control, awareness, disinhibition and interference differed significantly (p<0.05). Underweight patients’ in both EAT-40 and MEQ-30 total scores differed (p<0.05) in other BMI groups. Disinhibition, emotional eating and eating control had a significant impact (p<0.05) on sub-scales of MEQ-30. EAT-40 total scores were not correlated, but MEQ-30 total scores had a weak correlation (r=0.106; p<0.000) by BMI and a positive correlation between total MEQ-30 and all subscale scores (p<0.000). The findings suggest that differences between eating disorder predisposition and mindful eating sub-scales differed in BMI and eating attitude and of patients’ awareness should be increased and patients can be informed about this issue through further nutrition counseling.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.12260
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The role of positive family relationships and spousal support in
           breastfeeding self-efficacy and breastfeeding success of mothers in the
           early postpartum period

    • Authors: Ayla Acikgoz, Selda Yoruk
      Abstract: Summary. Aim: This study aimed to determine the relationship between mothers’ positive family relationships, spousal support, stress, and other factors with breastfeeding success and breastfeeding self-efficacy in the early postpartum period. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the largest maternity hospital in a city in the western part of Turkey. The sample consisted of 532 women and their babies who met the sampling criteria. As data collection tools, descriptive data form, Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form (BSES), and LATCH Breastfeeding Assessment Tool were used. Results: BSES and LATCH mean scores of primiparous mothers were found to be lower, while the mean BSES and LATCH scores of mothers without postpartum health problems were higher. The LATCH mean score of the mothers who received prenatal care during pregnancy was higher. The mean BSES scores of mothers who had a positive relationship with their spouse, their own family, and their spouse's family, who received sufficient support from their spouse regarding baby care, and who were not stressed higher. However, these variables did not affect the LATCH score. It was found that as the BSES scores of the mothers increased, their breastfeeding success also increased. Conclusion: The results of this study may be a guide for healthcare professionals who provide breastfeeding counseling to mothers during the perinatal period. To increase the breastfeeding success of mothers, it may be useful to evaluate the self-efficacy level of mothers and problems such as breastfeeding experience, lack of prenatal care service, and presence of postnatal health problems.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11706
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Anti-Tumorigenic Effect of Resveratrol in HepG2 cells Controlled with
           Cytochrome-c Dependent Cell Death

    • Authors: Eda Becer, Nadire Kıyak, Hafize Seda Vatansever, Aysel Kükner
      Abstract: Resveratrol is a phytochemical that regarded as potential anticancer agent in liver cancer prevention. It had also been shown that resveratrol has role in preventive of cancer and anti-cancer properties. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of resveratrol on cell viability, apoptosis, cellular proliferation, JAK/STAT pathway and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) in human hepatocellular carcinoma cell (HepG2) line. Cell growth and cytotoxicity were evaluated with MTT assay with different concentration (5, 10, 25, 50, 100 μM) of resveratrol in HepG2 cells. The distribution of FasL, cyt-c, caspase-3, Ki-67, ACTA2, CD133, JAK2, N-cadherin, vimentin and STAT3 in HepG2 cells were analyzed using indirect immunoperoxidase technique. The effective dose and incubation time for inhibition of cell growth in HepG2 cells was determined as 100 μM for 48 hours. Decreased Ki-67 immunureactivity following resveratrol application was significant in HepG2 cells. Increased cytc-c, STAT3, vimentin, N-cadherin and CD133 immunoreactivities were significant between resveratrol applicated HepG2 cells and control group. According to our results, resveratrol induced mitochondria-dependent cell death and suppressed proliferation in HepG2 cells. On the other hand, our results showed that resveratrol stimulated cellular self-protection responses through activation of EMT and STAT3 protein expression in HepG2 cells.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11788
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Comparatively evaluating the effects of exercising at the anaerobic
           threshold on oxidative stress and serum levels of leptin, nesfatin-1 and
           irisin in sedentary male and females

    • Authors: Seda Ugras, Sermin Algul, Cagrı Ozdenk
      Abstract: Study Objectives: Exercise has great impact on increases of energy metabolism and imbalance of oxidant antioxidant status. We aimed to analyse the relationships between exercise induced oxidative stress and energy regulatory hormones of leptin, nesfatin-1 and irisin in sedentary male and female subjects. Methods: Total of 30 subjects (15 male and 15 females) performed an aerobic exercise approximately 45 min. Blood samples were taken at baseline and at the end of the exercise. ELISA method used to analyse parameters of leptin nesfatin-1, irisin, total oxidant status (TOS) and total antioxidant status (TAS). Result: Exercise caused significant increase in levels of irisin and TOS but TAS level decreased in all subjects. In addition, leptin and irisin levels decreased significantly in female but they did not change significantly in males. Conclusion: Energy regulatory hormones did not correlate with the change of TAS and TOs levels. However, gender differences have great impact on energy regulatory hormones which needed to be evaluated in further studies.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11969
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The impact of precautionary lockdown measures during COVID-19 on eating
           behaviour and lifestyle

    • Authors: Madhawi Aldhwayan, Balsam Alabdulkader
      Abstract: Background: Eating behaviour and lifestyle are highly susceptible to changes in the individual's external environment. COVID-19 pandemic resulted in policies that severely impacted individual habits and daily routines. Growing literature highlights the adverse psychological impact of COVID-19 on eating behaviour and lifestyle. Methods: This study aimed to assess eating behaviour and lifestyle in Saudi Arabia during the strict lockdown. A self-reported online questionnaire was used to assess eating behaviour and lifestyle changes, including physical activity, sleep, and digital device use compared to that pre-lockdown. Results: A total of 1,860 participants completed the questionnaire. Weight gain was reported by 31%, whereas 41% reported decreased physical activity. The use of digital devices increased by 70%, with 59% of participants reporting symptoms of digital eyestrain. Mostly, 72% reported decreased fast-food delivery, mainly due to fear of contracting the virus. This decrease paralleled a 66% increase in home cooking. On the contrary, 15% reported weight loss, and 21% increased their physical activity. Conclusion: These findings provide important insight into the effects of COVID-19-related lockdown on eating behaviour and lifestyle.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.12158
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Prevalence and Predictors of Insulin Resistance in Overweight and Obese
           Children and Adolescents: A Hospital-based Study

    • Authors: Hebah Kutbi, Abdulmoein Al Agha
      Abstract: Background/Aim: To estimate the prevalence and predictors of insulin resistance (IR) among overweight and obese children and adolescents. Material and Methods: Data of this cross-sectional study included 62 overweight and obese children and adolescents (8-19 years of age), who visited the pediatric endocrinology clinic of King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Participants’ sociodemographic and health characteristics, dietary habits, physical activity, anthropometric measurements, and values of homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) were evaluated. Multiple regression analyses were conducted with [95% confidence intervals]. Results: Among our sample, 59.7% of the participants (n=37) were insulin resistant. Among the evaluated predictors, physical activity and waist circumference (WC) predicted the risk for IR (B=-0.218 [-0.410 to -0.26] and B=0.127 [0.001, 0.016], respectively). Examining the associations between HOMA-IR values and anthropometric measurements while stratifying by maternal educational status revealed that the associations between WC and waist-hip ratio with IR were mediated by maternal educational status, and those associations were only observed in children of less educated mothers (B=0.014 [0.004, 0.024] and B=2.156 [0.635, 3.676], respectively). Conclusion: High prevalence of IR was observed among our sample. Future studies are needed to investigate the nationwide prevalence and predictors of IR among overweight and obese children and adolescents. Special attention should be paid to children of low-educated mothers for early detection and management.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.10455
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The Role of Packaging in Influencing the Behavior of Women Living in Rural
           and Urban Areas when Purchasing Food Products

    • Authors: Aysun Yener Ögür
      Abstract: In the study, the role of packaging in influencing the food product purchasing behavior of women living in rural and urban areas was determined. The proportional sampling method was used to determine the sample volume. According to this method, sample size was determined as 70 in Çumra district and 70 in Selçuklu district. The role of packaging in influencing the food purchasing behavior of women living in rural and urban areas was analyzed by t-test. According to the results of the research, the socio-demographic characteristics and income status of women living in rural and urban areas were examined. 24.29% of women living in rural areas are in the 40-49 age group, while 28.57% of women living in urban areas are in the 30-39 age group. The majority of women living in rural and urban areas are primary school graduates and housewives. The average income of women living in rural areas is $659.83 per month and 18.57% of this income is spent on foodstuffs. The average income of women living in urban areas is $803.01 per month and 19.50% of this income is spent on foodstuffs. According to the results of the t-test analysis, a statistically significant difference was found regarding the role of packaging in influencing the food product purchasing behavior of women living in rural and urban areas. Firms should rely on practical steps in bringing their products to market and focus more on the knowledge of identifying the success or failure factors of products and on taking care to meet the consumer’s desires and needs, as well as on the cornerstone, starting point and end point in any productive or promotional process.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11469
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Chemical characterization, evaluation of the antibacterial and antioxidant
           activities of the essential oil of Algerian (Myrtus communis L).

    • Authors: Rym Benhadid, Youcef Hadef, Abdelghani Djahoudi, Karim Hosni
      Abstract: The essential oil extracted from Algerian Myrtle were analysed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS), it revealed 62 components accounting for 98.62 % of the oil. The major components were α-pinene (24.83 %), 1,8-cineole (10.8 %), limonene (6.07 %), α-Terpineol (4.14%). Methyl eugenol (3.48%), The in vitro antibacterial activity was performed by agar disc diffusion and (MIC). The oil was tested against Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 29213, Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), Escherichia coli ATCC 25922, ciprofloxacin resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli cip R). Pseudomonas aeruginosa VIM 2, imipenem- resistant Pseudomonas aéruginosa (Pseudomonas aeruginosa IMP), Pseudomonas aéruginosa ATCC 27853, Enterobacter cloacea, carbapenemase-negative Klebsiella pneumonia (KPC -), carbapenemase-positive Klebsiella pneumoniae (KPC+), Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acenitobacter baumannii. The antibacterial test revealed that myrtle oil showed a good antibacterial effect except against pseudomonas. The antioxidant activity of essential oil was evaluated by DPPH assay. The results showed the highest free radical scavenging activity with dpph (93.39 %) at the concentration of EO 4 mg/ml.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11721
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Nursing Staff Insight about Modifiable Risk Factors of Cardiovascular
           Diseases in a Multicultural Setting, Saudi Arabia

    • Authors: Anfal Alqirnas, Shahad Alotaiby, Munira Alfaqeeri , Hadel Alsaran, Waqas Sami
      Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels that occur due to different risk factors. studies had shown that controlling these factors can result in lower mortality rate. Therefore, the objective of this study was to investigate the attitude, knowledge, and practice regarding cardiovascular modifiable risk factors among nursing staff in a tertiary hospital in Riyadh. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  A cross-sectional study was conducted between January 2020 – October 2020 in King Salman Heart Center at King Fahad Medical City (KFMC). Data were obtained utilizing a self-administered questionnaire completed by 121 nurses. Analysis of the data was done using IBM SPSS version 26 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA). RESULTS: The majority of the participants did not have any CVDs' risk factors. However, physical inactivity, obesity, unhealthy eating, and smoking were frequent in a substantial number of the participants. It was found that 71.07% of nurses had good knowledge, a positive attitude (61.98%), and most of them were following a fair nursing practice (67.77%). CONCLUSION: Overall, we found that the participating nurses had a good knowledge, fair attitude and good practice about the modifiable risk factors of CVD which urges launching initiatives for CVD risk prevention in KFMC, however, awareness campaigns are recommended to educate the nurses more with the state-of-the-art knowledge in this area.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11835
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Bioactive compounds and antioxidant activity of Feijoa (Feijoa sellowiana
           berg) cultivated in subtropical zones of Georgia

    • Authors: Davit Baratashvili, Maria Vanidze, Nino Kedelidze, Aleko Kalandia, Indira Djafaridze, Nino Lomtatidze, Irina Nakashidze, Maria Rachele Ceccarini, Tommaso Beccari
      Abstract: Feijoa is one of the most interesting fruit cultures in Georgia. Feijoa is a cross-pollinated plant. Therefore, it produces huge variety from selectionist point of view. New forms differ not only in their structure but also in chemical composition. 10 samples of Feijoa were chosen from different regions of Georgia and their chemical characteristics were determined. Moreover, DPPH method was used for determining their antioxidant activity. Our investigation has revealed that out of ten samples four were the most interesting for their chemical properties such as the amount of total phenols, Flavonoids, Catechins and antioxidant activity.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.12029
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The Impact of COVID-19 Crises on the Diet Quality, Physical Activity, and
           Sedentary Lifestyle Among Saudi's Adults

    • Authors: Rola Jalloun, Mohammed Alahmadi
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic has affected day-to-day life and is changing how we eat and even how we exercise, as many individuals have developed a passive sedentary lifestyle. The aim of the study is to assess the impact of the COVID-19 crisis on dietary quality, physical activity, and sedentary behavior among Saudi adults. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 738 adults in the KSA. A modified Dietary Quality Score (DQS) The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and the Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire (SBQ) were used for the purpose of the study. The results showed that the overall proportion of participants with average dietary habits was 76%, and 16% of the participants were identified as having unhealthy dietary habits. The total average length of PA in minutes/week was 2079.08 ±2454.14, and the highest average was for vigorous PA (1372.47 ±1665.62 minutes/week). The SBQ indicated that the total length of SB was 552.36 ± 253.11 minutes/week. Meanwhile, on average, participants spent the most time using the internet (213.75 ± 153.81 minutes/day) and the least time talking on the phone (46.53 ± 56.80 minutes/day). Overall, 34.7% of the sample spent ≥ 7 hours/day sitting; this pattern was observed more in females than in males. Finally, 65.3% of the sample spent < 7 hours/day sitting; this pattern appeared significantly more often in males than in females. The COVID-19 crisis has rapidly affected people’s daily lives, including dietary quality, physical activity and sedentary behavior. This pandemic has caused significant effects on the lifestyle, quality of life and well-being of individuals and societies, and it may continue to affect them in the future.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.10198
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Molecular Biological Investigation of the Effect of Sumac Extract on
           Protein Synthesis and Development of Saccharomyces cerevisiae

    • Authors: Ozlem Gok, Seda Beyaz, Abdullah Aslan
      Abstract: Study objective: Sumac is a plant that is widely used for various purposes such as industrial, pharmaceutical and nutritional applications. Adding it to food or water as a natural preservative can have a beneficial effect on human health. It has biological activities such as anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and anti-oxidant. In this study, the effect of sumac plant on oxidative damage in S. cerevisiae culture caused by copper chloride (CuCl2) was investigated. Methods: In this study 4 groups were formed. Groups; Group (1): Control group; Group (2): Sumac group (10%); Group (3): Copper chloride (CuCl2) group (10 mM); Group (4): Sumac (10%) + Copper chloride (CuCl2) (10 mM) group. S. cerevisiae cultures were developed at 30°C for 1 hour, 3 hours, 5 hours and 24 hours. Cell growth, lipid peroxidation, MDA (malondialdehyde) analyzes, glutathione (GSH) levels and catalase (CAT) activities were determined by spectrophotometer. Total protein changes were determined by SDS-PAGE electrophoresis and calculated by the Lowry method. Results: According to the results obtained; Sumac plant extract which added to S. cerevisiae cultures increased cell growth (1, 3, 5 and 24 hours), total protein synthesis (1 hour, 3 hours, 5 hours and 24 hours), GSH levels (24 hours) and catalase activities (24 hours), decreases the MDA level (24 hours). Conclusions:  These results show that sumac plant extract reduces oxidative damage in S. cerevisiae culture, promotes protein synthesis and has a protective effect to increase cell growth.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.12479
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Association of the Type, Amount and Frequency of Milk Feeding with
           Anthropometric Growth Indicators in Infants

    • Authors: Rida Khan, Fatima Farooq, Afifa Tanweer, Amina Chughtai
      Abstract: Infant feeding practices during early days of life are considered crucial as they may have an impact on growth and development later in life. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 150 infants aged 0-4 months, in Lahore, Pakistan to find out the association between milk feeding practices and anthropometric growth indices. Data was collected through interviewer administered questionnaire for 24-hour dietary recall and WHO growth charts for anthropometric assessment. The average breastfeeding time for normal weight for length infants was significantly (p=0.014) higher (9.850±3.907) than wasted infants. Infants with normal length for age were breastfeed for significantly (p=0.009) longer time (9.768±3.993) as compared to stunted infants (8.000±3.045). Normal weight for age infants had significantly (p=0.015) shorter breastfeeding interval (83.767±37.228) as compared to underweight infants (103.750±25.527). Infant milk feeding practices was found to be linked to the nutritional status. Breastfed infants had better growth outcomes as compared to non-breastfed. Promotion of breastfeeding practices may warrant good nutritional status in infants and thus can be regarded as one of the strategies for tackling the short term and long-term burden of malnutrition.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11591
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • The impact of the nutrition situations and physical activities of
           academicians on anthropometric measurements and blood parameters

    • Authors: Nildem Kizilaslan
      Abstract: Background: This study was planned and carried out to determine the influence of nutrition situations and physical activity levels of individuals working as academicians at the university on their anthropometric measurements, blood glucose, and blood lipid. Materials and Methods: 47 volunteers participated in the research, and their height, waist circumference (WC), and weight was measured. The blood samples of the volunteers was taken after 12 hours of fasting, their preprandial blood glucose (PrBG), postprandial blood glucose (PoBG), total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, and LDL-cholesterol levels were measured. Nutritional consumption measurements were taken with 24-hour recall method, and, after having the volunteer subjects make nutritional changes, daily consumption quantities were determined. Results: The body mass index (BMI) was 24.34±4.73kg/m2 in the women and 27.90±3.97 kg/m2 in men. The mean WC was 84.15±15.89 cm for women and 98.18±10.89 for men. A statistically significant difference was found between the BMI of the women and their WC, total cholesterol level, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, and triglyceride averages. According to the BMI of the men, a statistically significant difference was found with their WC, PoBG, and triglyceride averages. In both women and men, it was observed that as their physical activity increased, their levels of BMI, WC, PoBG level, and triglyceride level were reduced. Conclusions:  We conclude from this study that academicians who are overweight and who suffer from impaired glucose intolerance and dyslipidemia have balanced nutrition and to do physical activities to become healthy.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11811
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Faculty of health sciences students’ views and preferences on
           organic foods

    • Authors: Elem Kocaçal, Reyhan İrkin , Özüm Erkin, Gülbin Konakçı
      Abstract: Summary. Objectives: To determine the faculty of health sciences students' opinions and preferences regarding organic foods. Material and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted at Faculty of Health Sciences in a Turkish University in 2020. The universe of the study consisted of 334 volunteer students.  Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire. Results: Of the students 40.4% of the participants indicated that they consumed organic foods every week. Although the department and class of the students within the scope of the study did not affect the preferences and opinions about organic foods in general (p > 0.05); the relationship between the department and the frequency of organic food consumption (X2 = 46.542; df = 12; p = 0.000) and the status of reading labels on organic food packages (X2 = 10.114; df = 3; p = 0.018) was found to be significant. Conclusion: The majority of university students consumed organic food and had an awareness about organic nutrition. In the future studies, in addition to the variables examined in this study, we recommend examining different student populations.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.12015
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Complementary and Alternative Medicine Used by Adolescents in Premenstrual
           Syndrome- A Cross-Sectional Study

    • Authors: Ayse Elkoca, Beliz Yekeler Kahraman, Handan Ozcan, Muhammet Ali Aydin, Sevda Karakas
      Abstract: Study Objectives: This study was conducted to determine the treatment methods used by adolescents with premenstrual syndrome. Premenstrual syndrome is a common disorder among women of childbearing age. It influences women's quality of life and economic and social performance. In addition to the conventional treatments by modern medicine, women frequently prefer complementary and alternative medicine practices to cope with the problem. Methods: Quantitative and descriptive design study and 367 people were icluded in this study. A questionnaire consisting of three parts was used to collect the data. The first part includes sociodemographic characteristics and information about the menstrual cycle, the second part is the “Premenstrual Syndrome Scale”, the third part is the “Complementary and Alternative Medicine Scale (CAMS)”. Results: 43.3% of the participants had a family history of PMS, and 64.9% had regular menstrual cycles. 23.2% consulted a physician for their complaints, 10.9% used medication for their complaints. The most preferred complementary and alternative medicine herbal supplementary was green tea (49.5%), chamomile (32.5%), sage (23.8%), and thyme (18.6%). The most used mind-body practices are prayer (65.5%), exercise (54.4%), and namaz (32.4%). Conclusion: It is concluded that 73% of adolescents diagnosed with premenstrual syndrome used complementary and alternative medicine practices, so it is necessary to investigate their effectiveness.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.12191
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Is there a perfect way for food security measurement' Evaluation for
           Turkey

    • Authors: Berkay Keskin, Nevin Demirbaş
      Abstract: Even though food security is not a new topic, it is currently a global issue which is a matter of great concern especially in underdeveloped and developing countries. Discussions are ongoing as to how food security can be measured effectively due to the multidimensionality of the issue. The main objective of this study was to review the major methods used to measure food security and evaluate their applicability for Turkey. In this study, case studies in which these methods were applied as well as the possibilities for using these in Turkey were discussed. Although Turkey is among upper-middle income countries, it is a critical country for food security measurement due to the inequity in income distribution and socio-economic differences between the regions. For this reason, instead of applying solitary macro measurements, such as FAO method, using them along with a variety of micro measurements is considered to be more effective for Turkey. This study provides recommendations for governments and social organizations for developing policies and programs focused on solving public problems related to food security both in Turkey and other similar countries.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11758
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Traditional dietary assessment tools verses technology-based methods in
           children and adolescence. An updated review

    • Authors: Khlood Baghlaf
      Abstract: Dietary assessment in children is challenging for several reasons. In research, there are several challenges in the accurate assessment of diet and nutrition. In particular, the selection of the most appropriate dietary assessment method for their study. The aim of this review is to summarize the most common traditional and technology-based tools that are used in children for dietary assessment implementation. Traditional diet assessment methods are available to assess children dietary intake in research, each one with different strengths and weaknesses. The most common dietary measures to assess children’s diet are food frequency questionnaires, weighed food records, 24 hour recall and diet history interviews because they are valid accurate measures Recently, several technology-based tools have been introduced to provide a more accurate record of portion size using visualisations and to improve the participation response of traditional dietary surveys. These new measurement tools optimized to use on mobile phones and tablets, which makes it more accessible for participants. The development of technology-based dietary measures now allows for a detailed analysis of the whole diet on different days and at different times of the day with low-cost, precision and convenient to patients.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11107
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Effects of Liraglutide Combined with Low Fat Diet on Neural and
           Thermogenic Activities of 5' - AMPK in the Hypothalamus: Expectations
           

    • Authors: Hayder Al-Domi, Raida Khalil, Nour Batarseh
      Abstract: Background: Medical nutrition therapy is essential in managing and preventing diseases. Liraglutide is among glucagon-like peptide-1(GLP-1) agonists’ play a critical role in managing weight as they could modulate the effectiveness of 5’ AMP-activated protein kinase (5'-AMPK) in the hypothalamus. Additionally, the neural activity of 5'-AMPK is negatively affected by high-fat diets; and it remains unclear how low-fat diets combined with liraglutide could counteract this effect. Objectives: To investigate the effects of a high-fat diet on the neural and thermogenic activities of 5’ –AMPK in the hypothalamus and the possible effects of combining a low-fat diet with a liraglutide regimen on 5’ –AMPK activity in the hypothalamus. Methods: We searched the available literature for articles published in PubMed, Science Direct, and ClinicaTrials.gov between November/2020 and January /2021, published in 6 years, and we included controlled clinical trials. Findings: A total 108 out of 230 articles included in our search, and findings revealed that high-fat diets negatively influence liraglutide and 5'-AMPK in the hypothalamus. In contrast, a low-fat diet could reverse this negative influence if combined with a dose of 1.8-3 mg/kg of liraglutide for up to 16 weeks. Conclusion: 5'-AMPK stimulates energy production in peripheral tissues, improves metabolic status, and liraglutide controls food intake in the hypothalamus, but high-fat diets counteract previously mentioned effects of liraglutide and 5'-AMPK. We found no adequate studies that adequately examined the effect of a low-fat diet on liraglutide and 5'-AMPK; hence, our concern was reviewing and predicting the possible effect of low-fat diets.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11502
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Efficacy and safety of Curcuma longa extract as a treatment of primary
           knee osteoarthritis in adults and elderly: a systematic review

    • Authors: Ana Gutiérrez Ruiz, Ismael San Mauro Martin, Elena Garicano Vilar, Cristian Brata, Maria Alicia Camina Martín
      Abstract: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic disease that leads to the wearing of joints cartilage, the most common being knee OA. The aim was to idetify the efficacy and safety of Curcuma longa extract as a potential treatment for knee OA in adults and elderly. A systematic review was conducted on different databases, using a search strategy that included curcumin, curcuma, turmeric, dietary/food/herbal supplement, phytochemical, plant extract, nutraceutical and osteoarthritis as keywords. Inclusion criteria were double-parallel randomized clinical trials in adults, diagnosed with knee OA, and published within the last 10 years. Only studies that used turmeric, not any other herbaceous substance, were included. Five studies were included. VAS, WOMAC, JKOM and KOOS scales were used. Inflammation and oxidative stress and cartilage degradation biomarkers were controlled. Statistically significant reductions in VAS, WOMAC (except stiffness) and biomarkers were observed. Curcumin may have therapeutic utility in knee OA, showing similar efficacy to conventional drug treatment, but presenting fewer adverse effects.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11651
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Menstrual cycle and Exercise

    • Authors: Sermin Algul, Busra Alp, Oguz Ozcelik
      Abstract: Menstruation is the biological rhythm that women experience every 28±7 days. Menstruation is defined as an endometrial rash and continues from menarche to menopause. There are increasing and decreasing hormonal changes during this cycle. Ovarian follicles and hormones (estrogen and progesterone) secreted from the corpus luteum cause some cyclic changes in the endometrium. Changes in the wall of the uterus constitute the endometrial cycle, which is called the menstrual cycle or menstrual period. Exercise is a physical activity that affects many systems such as the heart and musculoskeletal system and the health and fitness of the individual. As it affects many systems, this cyclical event, which is performed regularly by women, is also effective on menstruation. Menstruation phases, exercise type, exercise duration and continuity, and exercise intensity affect this cycle. This review will evaluate how different exercises and intensity affect the menstrual cycle.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11435
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
  • Nutritional value and health implications of traditional foods and drinks
           consumed during Ramadan : A narrative review

    • Authors: Ebada M Said, Mohamed Emara, Hanan Soliman, Tarik Zaher, Hassan Elbatae, Ahmed Abdel-Razik, Salwa Tawfik, Mohamed Elnadry
      Abstract: Ramadan is a holy month of fasting for Muslims all over the world. It obligates a type of intermittent fasting from down to sunset. In oriental countries, Ramadan is linked to special foods and drinks like ingestion of dried fruits e.g. dates, apricot, figs, raisins and nuts; drinks e.g. carob, tamarind, hibiscus, sobya, doum, lemon, and licorice; foods e.g. yoghurt, beans and sugar rich desserts (kunafa and qatayef).  Traditionally, these dietary habits are thought to improve vitality, but they were scarcely tested in scientific manner. Is there a health impact of oriental drinks and foods commonly used in Ramadan' This was the research question of this review. In our search strategy, we used these dietary elements as key words in; Cochrane library, Web  of  Science  (WoS), Ovid, Since Direct, Scopus,  Directory    of    Open    Access    Journals    (DOAJ), EbscoHOST,  ProQuest, Institute  for Scientific  Information  (ISI),  EBESCO, Midline/Pubmed, Egyptian knowledge bank (EKB), Google scholar, or Research Gate.  We review studies focusing the impact of each drink or food on health regardless fasting state. Studies focusing chemical structure or agricultural issues were not included.   Among the foods and drinks evaluated, ingestion of dried fruits (dates, apricot, figs, raisins), nuts, carob, tamarind, hibiscus, sobya, doum, lemon, yoghurt, beans, were found not only tolerable but also beneficial among healthy subjects and patients with chronic diseases. The intake of licorice and sugar enriched desserts (kunafa and qatayef) should carefully be revised for patients with hypertension and diabetes due to slat retaining effect and high sugar content respectively.
      PubDate: 2022-03-28
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i1.11707
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 1 (2022)
       
 
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