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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
Showing 1 - 64 of 64 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Portuguesa de Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Advances in Eating Disorders : Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 178)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 40)
Appetite     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Arab Journal of Nutrition and Exercise     Open Access  
Archive of Food and Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bangladesh Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
British Journal Of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 96)
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Childhood Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94)
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Clinical Nutrition Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Nutrition Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Nutrition Open Science     Open Access  
Clinical Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Nutrition Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
DEMETRA : Alimentação, Nutrição & Saúde     Open Access  
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Ecology of Food and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Egyptian Journal of Nutrition and Health     Open Access  
Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ernährung & Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
European Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 35)
Food and Environmental Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Foodways: Explorations in the History and Culture of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Food and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Food, Culture and Society: An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Frontiers in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Functional Foods in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Genes & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Human Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Eating Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Transplant and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 93)
International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Journal of Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Dietary Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food & Nutritional Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medicinal Herbs and Ethnomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of Muscle Foods     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 42)
Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Nutritional Ecology and Food Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 61)
Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia : Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia / The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition     Open Access  
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan     Open Access  
La Ciencia al Servicio de la Salud y Nutrición     Open Access  
Lifestyle Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lifestyle Journal     Open Access  
Maternal & Child Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Médecine & Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription  
Media Gizi Indonesia     Open Access  
Metabolism and Nutrition in Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
NFS Journal     Open Access  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
npj Science of Food     Open Access  
Nutrición Hospitalaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrients     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Nutrire     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Nutrition & Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 17)
Nutrition - Science en évolution     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition and Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Nutrition and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nutrition and Metabolic Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Nutrition Bytes     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 45)
Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Nutrition Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Nutrition Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutritional Neuroscience : An International Journal on Nutrition, Diet and Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Obesity Facts     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Obesity Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Oil Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Food Science Journal     Open Access  
Open Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Obesity Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pediatric Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
PharmaNutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Plant Production Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Public Health Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBONE - Revista Brasileira de Obesidade, Nutrição e Emagrecimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chilena de Nutricion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Salud Pública y Nutrición     Open Access  
Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional     Open Access  
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
The Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Topics in Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
UNICIÊNCIAS     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Food and Nutrition Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

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Journal Cover
Progress in Nutrition
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.193
Number of Followers: 2  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1129-8723
Published by Mattioli 1885 srl Homepage  [9 journals]
  • Assessment of the lysine requirement of healthy young male adults through
           albumin and IgG in plasma

    • Authors: Ying Tian, Yun Bao, Fang Chen, Chanfang Meng, Yi Sun, Tao Zhang, Jing Ge
      Abstract: Background and aim: The lysine requirement from the indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) method has not been validated with the measurement of health. The aim of the study was to assess the lysine requirement of healthy young male adults from the IAAO technique through the concentrations and the fractional synthesis rates (FSRs) of albumin and IgG in plasma. Methods: Five healthy young men participated in the self-controlled study. The intakes of lysine, weights and body composition, concentrations and FSRs of albumin and IgG in plasma of the subjects were determined both in the free-living, self-selected diets and in the controlled lysine diets (controlled for 10 weeks, lysine intake was equal to the lysine requirement from the IAAO method of 70 mg·kg-1·d-1). Results: Although the intakes of lysine, plasma concentrations of IgG and FSRs of albumin and IgG were all significantly lower in the controlled lysine diets (P<0.05), the plasma concentrations of albumin and IgG were still within the normal ranges, and the weights and body composition of the subjects did not change significantly (P>0.05). Conclusions: The lysine intake of 70 mg·kg-1·d-1 from the IAAO method was sufficient for the subjects at least within the 10-week study
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13176
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Relationship of Dietary Habits, Attitudes and Behaviors with
           Anthropometric Measurements in Adult Women

    • Authors: Ayhan Dağ, Cansu Apaçi, Muhammed Enes Kartal, Aybüke Coşkun
      Abstract: Background and aim: This study aimed to determine relationship of dietary habits, attitudes and behaviors with anthropometric measurements in 300 women aged 19-65 years (150 employed women and 150 unemployed women) living in Lefkoşa, North Cyprus Turkish Republic between February, 2018 and June, 2020. Methods: In all subjects, data regarding sociodemographic characteristics, dietary habits and anthropometric measurements were recorded. All subjects completed Eating Attitudes Test (EAT-26) and Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ). Results: Mean body mass index (BMI) was 26.6±5.9 kg/m2 and 26.5±5.7 kg/m2 in employed and unemployed women, respectively. There was no significant difference in BMI based on employment status (p>0.05). Based on BMI, of the employed and unemployed woman, 48.7% and 40% were classified as normal while 26.6% and 35.3% as overweight and 24.7% and 24.7% as obese, respectively. It was found that emotional eating and restrained eating scores were increased by increasing BMI in both employed and unemployed women. A significant difference was found between BMI and emotional eating score in employed women (p<0.05). The relationship of anthropometric measurements with EAT-26 and DEBQ scores were evaluated by correlation analysis. It was found that weak but significant correlations were found between EAT-26 and DEBQ scores in both groups (r=0.335, p<0.001 and r=0.253, P=0.002). The DEBQ score was significantly correlated with BMI in employed women (r)=0.182; p=0.026) although it was correlated with waist: hip ratio in unemployed women (r=-0.232; p=0.004). In both employed and unemployed women, significant correlations were found among BMI, waist circumference and waist hip ratio (p<0.001). Conclusions: Development of correct dietary habits, attitudes and behaviors are important to protect and improve public health and quality of life.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13424
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • The effects of dietary intervention with turmeric on lipid profile and
           anthropometric indices in overweight/obese women with hyperlipidemia: a
           randomized controlled clinical trial

    • Authors: Ayşegül Atakan, Seray Kabaran, Fatma Hülyam Eren
      Abstract: Background and Objective: The objective of this trial was to evaluate the effects of turmeric on blood lipids and body weight loss in overweight/obese women with hyperlipidemia. Methods and Study Desing: In this randomized controlled trial, overweight/obese hyperlipidemic women (BMI>25 kg/m2) were randomly divided into 2 groups as turmeric (n=35; 4 g/d) and control (n=35) groups for 8 weeks. The subjects included in the turmeric and control groups adhered to a medical nutrition therapy. Serum lipid profile and anthropometric data were measured at the beginning and again at the end of the study. Results: After 8 weeks of dietary intervention, both turmeric and control groups showed significant decreased in total cholesterol (‑55.66 versus ‑53.06 mg/dl), LDL‑C (‑35.70 versus ‑35.91 mg/dl) and TG (‑44.34 versus ‑42.03 mg/dl), respectively (p<0.01). Body weight (‑5.05 versus ‑4.91 kg), BMI (‑1.88 versus ‑1.84 kg/m2), body fat ratio (‑4.02 versus ‑3.30%) and waist circumference (‑4.70 versus ‑3.74 cm) were also significantly decreased after dietary intervention in both groups, respectively (p<0.001). No significant difference was found in the reductions of total cholesterol, LDL‑C, TG concentrations or in the reductions of body weight, BMI and waist circumference between the turmeric and control groups (p>0.05). Conclusions: Further randomized controlled trials with longer supplementation durations are needed for a stronger assessment of the lipid-modulating properties of turmeric.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.11815
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Estimation of the impact of social determinants on childhood obesity in
           the Apulia region (southern Italy) in 2019

    • Authors: Maria Teresa Balducci, Osvalda De Giglio, Alessia Quaranta, Pasquale Domenico Pedote, Pietro Pasquale, Onofrio Mongelli, Maria Teresa Montagna
      Abstract: Background and aim: The nutritional status of a population is an important determinant of its health condition and the obesity represents one of the emergencies in Public Health. The health outcomes related to chronic diseases are mainly derived from specific risk factors and the social determinants can often be the causes of the causes of these risk factors. The aim of the study was to estimate the extent to which the effects of some social determinants (economic difficulty and the parental level of education) can influence obesity in primary school children residing in the Apulia region and to evaluate the potential health gain that children could have by improving the those social determinants. Methods: The contribution of social determinants to the onset of the obesity risk factor in children was calculated with arithmetic proportion software called CoEsDi Children (Contribution to the Exposure of Inequalities). This software used as a data source the regional survey, Okkio alla Salute—Puglia 2019, which studied the prevalence of obesity in children and the social determinants of their parents. The data analysis was mainly aimed at estimating the prevalence of the detected variables, setting the confidence interval at 95%. Results: Forty-three percent of obese Apulian children who have parents with low levels of education and severe economic difficulties would be able to reduce their weight status if social inequalities were changed, and 7% would not be able to develop obesity if they were raised in a family without social inequalities. Conclusions: Obesity in children is closely related to the socio-economic status of the parents: the higher the level of income inequality is, the more overweight the children are. The interconnected nature of the determinants of obesity implies a need for an integrated response that includes action at the community level, political will, and investment.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13778
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Role of vitamin D, folic acid, ferritin, inflammation and oxidative stress
           in the pathogenesis of COVID-19

    • Authors: Velid Unsal, Ilhan Sabancilar, Erdal Ozbek, Cigdem Mermutluoglu, Hakan Temiz
      Abstract: The COVID-19 pandemic is one of the most devastating and significant events of recent times. COVID-19 has so far become one of the worst infectious disease outbreaks of recent times, with more than 103 million cases and more than 2.2 million deaths. Viruses cause an explosion of inflammatory cytokines and reactive oxygen types. Oxidative stress is thought to have a key role in COVID-19. vitamin D, folic acid, calcium (Ca), magnesium (Mg) and ferritin levels are thought to be associated with COVID-19. The aim of this study is to investigate the role of oxidative stress, inflammation, vitamin D and folic acid, ferritin, Ca, Mg in the pathogenesis of COVID-19.45 patients diagnosed with COVID-19 and 45 healthy persons (control group) were included in the study. Vitamin D, ferritin, folic acid, CRP, Ca, Mg, Phosphorus were measured in an autoanalyzer, and SOD, GSH-Px and MDA were spectrophotometrically measured in the serum of the participants. TNF-α, IL-1β and IL6 levels were studied by ELISA method.The activity of SOD, GSH-px, antioxidant enzymes, Serum vitamin D, folic acid, Ca, Mg of the COVID-19 group was found to be significantly lower than the control group (p<0.05).Again, the levels of MDA, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, CRP, ferritin in the Covid-19 group were found to be significantly higher than the control group (p<0.05).Antioxidant enzyme activities were low and oxidative stress was high in patients with COVID-19. At the same time, level of serum ferritin, CRP, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL6 were high, and level of Ca and Mg were low in patients with COVID-19.According to these results, we hypothesise think that the level of oxidative stress, inflammation, vitamin D, and serum ferritin, Ca, and Mg levels play a role in the pathogenesis of COVID-19. Future clinical trials should be conducted to further clarify the pathogenesis in patients with COVID-19.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12306
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • The effect of caffeine consumption habits of contact tracing teams on
           anxiety, insomnia, and cardiac symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic

    • Authors: Hatice Selçuk, Neşe Karakaş
      Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study was to examine the caffeine consumption habits and insomnia and anxiety levels of the personnel working in the contact tracing teams in the COVID-19 pandemic and to reveal their relationship with each other and with cardiac symptoms.Design and Methods: The population of this cross-sectional study consisted of the personnel working in contact tracing teams affiliated with a provincial health directorate. Data were collected with online questionnaire forms. There are questions intended for the descriptive characteristics, caffeine consumption habits, and cardiac symptoms of the participants, Beck Anxiety Inventory and Insomnia Severity Index in the questionnaire form consisting of three parts.Results: Mild anxiety was detected in 12.0% of the participants, and medium and severe anxiety in 23.6%. The insomnia rate in the participants was found to be 35.6%. A positive correlation was detected between the anxiety scores of the participants and insomnia scores and the number of cardiac symptoms; as their daily caffeine consumption increased, the anxiety, insomnia, and the number of cardiac symptoms increased as well. Practice Implications: Psychological support for healthcare professionals like the contact tracing team working with infected patients in the pandemic period must be ready to be given when necessary.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12588
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Does obesity in young women associated with disordered eating behaviors
           and mindful eating'

    • Authors: Seliz Bagcilar, Ceren Gezer
      Abstract: Objective The onset of obesity has been associated with low levels of mindful eating and disordered eating behaviors. This study examined the relationship between mindful eating, disordered eating behavior and obesity in young women. Methods This cross-sectional study included 227 young women aged between 19-35 years. Mindful Eating Questionnaire (MEQ) and Eating Attitudes Test (EAT)-26 were used. Weight and body composition were obtained and the measurements of neck circumference (NC), waist circumference (WC), hip circumference (HC) were measured. Body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) were calculated. Results Overall, the underweight participants had the highest MEQ scores, while the obese participants had the lowest MEQ scores (p<0.05). MEQ scores had a negative correlation with BMI, fat mass, WHR, WHtR, NC and WC (r=-0.216, p<0.01; r=-0.234, p < 0.01; r=-172, p<0.01 and r=-0.244, p<0.01, r=-0.145, p<0.05; r=-0.238, p<0.05, respectively). EAT-26 scores had a very weak positive correlation between WHtR (r=0.131, p<0.05). There is a very weak negative correlation between MEQ and EAT-26 scores (r=-0.072, p>0.05). Conclusion To sum up, mindful eating and disordered eating behavior have negative relation between obesity. In future studies, conducting research on larger sample numbers will improve the findings on the subject.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12657
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Development and validation of food and nutrition literacy instrument in
           young people, Turkey

    • Authors: Gülcan Demir, Ali Özer
      Abstract: Background and aim: To evaluate food and nutrition literacy, measurement tools that include declarative, procedural, and subjective knowledge output are needed. The present study aimed to develop a valid and reliable measurement tool that can evaluate FNL holistically in young people. Methods: This study was developed in nine steps under three phases:1) item development and content validity, 2) scale development including pre-testing of questions, sampling and survey administration (by sex with the quota sampling method), item reduction strategies, extraction of factors (exploratory factor analyses), and 3) scale evaluation including confirmatory factor analyses, reliability analyses (Cronbach’s α, KR-20, intraclass correlation coefficient) and differentiation by “known groups” with total of 538 young people. Results: The instrument consisted of knowledge, attitude, and behavior domain dimensions: (1) knowledge as five factors and (2) attitude and behavior as four factors. After the analysis of the FNL instrument, 51 items were removed from 87 items. The final instrument has 36 items, of which 13 were in the domain of knowledge, 13 in the domain of attitude, and 10 in the domain of behavior. The total variance explained by the domain dimensions of the instrument was ≥55%. The confirmatory factor analysis fit indices were good. There was satisfactory internal reliability for the domain dimensions (≥0.60). There was external test-retest reliability (ICC ≥ 0.84). Women’s knowledge level regarding criterion validity was higher than that of men, and the difference was statistically significant (p < 0.05). Conclusions: This 36 item, three domains dimensional FNL instrument can be used to assess food and nutrition literacy in young people. It can be used to assess and improve food and nutrition literacy in university settings.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13051
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Exploring the impacts of smoking, nutrition and physical activity on
           pulmonary functions

    • Authors: Merve Uca, Canatan Taşdemir, Kenan Sivrikaya
      Abstract: Study Objectives: The study aimed to explore the impacts of smoking, poor nutrition, and physical activity on pulmonary functions. Methods: We obtained the data regarding the participants’ consisted of 93 (50.5%) males and 91 (49.5%) females and smoking, nutrition, and physical activity status through focus group interviews. We recruited them to pulmonary function tests through ergospirometry twice. The results were evaluated by a specialist physician on expected and measured values of the FVC, FEV1, FEV1/FVC, PEF, and MEF25-75 measurements. We analyzed the data using independent and dependent samples t-tests and logistic regression analysis on SPSS 22. Results: According to the findings of the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, the research data showed a normal distribution (p > 0.05). Thus, we compared the dichotomous variables using Paired Samples t-test. We performed a logistic regression analysis to explore the predictive impact of smoking, poor nutrition, and physical activity on the parameters of the pulmonary test. The findings revealed that smoking significantly predicted FVC (p = 0.008), FEV1 (p = 0.001), and MEF25-75 (p = 0.000). Yet, it was not the case for FEV1-FVC (p = 0.059) and PEF (p = 0.433). On the other hand, physical activity significantly predicted FVC (p = 0.000), FEV1 (p = 0.000), FEV1-FVC (p = 0.06, and MEF25-75 (p = 0.000). However, we could not suggest that physical activity predicts PEF (p = 0.062) significantly. Conclusion: We concluded that smoking, and had positive predictive impacts on pulmonary functions and that nutrition did not have any predictive effects on pulmonary functions.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13321
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Life satisfaction and healthy nutrition attitude in physically active and
           inactive university students

    • Authors: Ahmet Tarık Ergüven, Mehmet Sait Teke, Ümit Doğan Üstün, Nurullah Emir Ekinci
      Abstract: Study Objectives: The present study aimed to analyze the differences in the perception of life satisfaction (LS) and healthy nutrition attitudes (HNA) of university students according to general practice physical activity results. Analyzing the effect of HNA on LS was another aim. Materials and Method: A cross-sectional questionnaire survey administered to Hatay Mustafa Kemal University students, and randomly chosen 498 university students participated in the study. The data was analyzed with SPSS 23.0. In the analyzes of the data One Way ANOVA and Simple Linear Regression were used. Results: 32.9% of the participants were found to be physically active and reporting significantly higher life satisfaction than physically inactive and moderately inactive students. Physically inactive students reported lower healthy nutrition attitude than moderately active and active students. Healthy nutrition attitude significantly predicts life satisfaction for all participants regardless of their physical activity index. Conclusion: To achieve substantive life satisfaction, healthy nutritional attitudes should be developed.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13646
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Logistic regression analysis of finding associated factors to predict loss
           weight adults in Erbil City (2018)

    • Authors: İlker Etikan, Hewir Abduqadir Khidir
      Abstract: One of the threatened risk factors which leads to numerous health issue is overweight or obesity. Many studies have been carried out about this problem and yet not exact cause have been found. Numerous factors are highlighted as primary ones such as, not doing exercise, unorganized daily meal, medical condition and etc. In addition, statistical analysis plays an essential role in finding the most effective factors linked to reducing body weight and since the values of response variables lies under two levels which shows no linear relationship between the outcome and explanatory variables, thus Binary Logistic Regression a family of Generalized Linear Model was performed. Logistic regression analysis is a very common tool and serves great part in health science due to the fact that most of the phenomena’s outcome have only two values (alive/dead, exposed/not exposed, presence/absence, and etc.). The overall adults who underwent losing weight and succeeded was 57.7% and 42.3% who failed. Frequently medical visits and exercise were highly significant and odds of one-unit increase, has about 3 times more chance to lose. Gender, eating-out, overeating and irregular eating were all highly significant. However, diet and number of healthy meals were not found to be associated. 
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12170
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Nutrient adequacy of diets of women of childbearing age in south-east

    • Authors: Gertrude Nneka Onyeji, Rasaki Ajani Sanusi
      Abstract: . Background and objective: Inadequate nutrients intake by women of child bearing age leads to reproductive health problems, resulting in maternal and infant mortality. The study aimed to evaluate nutrient adequacy of women of child-bearing age in South-east Nigeria. Methods and study design: In this cross sectional study, stratified random sampling and simple random sampling techniques were used to select 1200 women of child bearing age (15-49 years) from three states of South-east Nigeria. A 24-hour dietary recall questionnaire data were analysed using adapted Total Dietary Assessment (TDA) Software. Minimum Dietary diversity of Women of Reproductive Age (MDD-WRA) was calculated based on ten food groups with a cut-off point of intake at ≥5 groups. Nutrient Adequacy Ratio (NAR) was derived for energy and 11 other nutrients. Results: Mean age of the women was 28.2±5.6 years. BMI was 26.8±4.8 /m2. Majority (96.3%) women were married, 41.7% were traders. Mean dietary diversity score (MDDS) was 5.78 ±1.16 and 88.3% % of WRA achieved MDD-W. About 88.4% had high dietary diversity tercile (DDT) and 11.7% had low (DDT). Imo State with MDDS of (5.99±1.14) was significantly higher (P<0.05) than Enugu State (5.69±1.14) and Anambra State (5.64 ± 1.18). More than 50% did not meet their NAR values for Fat, calcium, vitamin C, Sodium, Potassium and Magnesium. Conclusions: Nutrient adequacy ratio indicated low in intake of some micro nutrients and excess intake of energy, carbohydrate and protein. Nutrition education is recommended in South-east Nigeria. Keywords: Women of reproductive age, Dietary Diversity, Nutrient Adequacy, Food groups, BMI
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12428
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Comparing dietary guidelines indices between women with chronic diseases
           and healthy women: a cross-sectional study

    • Authors: Haya Aljadani
      Abstract: . Background and aim: There is widespread recognition that many chronic diseases seen today are related to physical inactivity and poor dietary choices. Most dietary guidelines were based on safe eating habits to safeguard against malnutrition and the emergence of poor diet-linked illnesses. The present study aimed to compare the dietary guidelines index (DGI) scores in women with chronic diseases and healthy women. Methods: The information in this study was collected through a questionnaire distributed to the Saudi community from January 2020 to February 2021. The inclusion criteria include all women with and without chronic diseases. The DGI data obtained from a tool developed based on the valid short semi food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ), valid food-based New Zealand diet quality index (NZDQI), Saudi dietary guidelines (SDG), and American dietary recommendation (ADR). Results: 879 women filled out this questionnaire; 12.8% of them are women with chronic diseases, whereas healthy women constitute 87.2%. The results revealed that women with chronic diseases had a significantly higher fruit score (p < 0.05) and vegetable score (p < 0.01) compared to the healthy women. The findings also indicated that women with chronic diseases who are overweight or obese and not engaged in physical activity showed significantly (p < 0.05) higher total DGI scores compared to women without chronic diseases who are overweight or obese and not engaged in physical activity. In contrast, there is no significant difference in DGI score between the women with chronic diseases with normal BMI and engaged in physical exercise and their healthy counterparts. Conclusions By excluding the physical activity factor and the healthy BMI, women with chronic diseases adopt healthy dietary systems compared to healthy women.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12638
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Relation between soluble CD36 and dietary fatty acid composition in
           metabolic syndrome patients

    • Authors: Duygu Mataraci Değirmenci, Özlem Özdemir, Mehmet Fisunoğlu
      Abstract: Background and aim: The CD36 fatty acid receptor, known as the scavenger receptor, is expressed in many cells and tissues. Dietary fatty acids are thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of metabolic disorders such as obesity, insulin resistance, and atherosclerosis. This study aimed to determine the relationship between soluble CD36 (sCD36) fatty acid receptors and dietary fatty acids in individuals with metabolic syndrome. Methods: This study included 33 patients with metabolic syndrome and 32 healthy individuals aged 18-65 years. The participants' sociodemographic characteristics, biochemical parameters, anthropometric measurements, type of dietary fat, fatty acid pattern, and amount of fat consumed were recorded. The sCD36 fatty acid receptor levels in individuals were analyzed. Results: Blood pressure and biochemical measurements (fasting glucose, HbA1c, insulin, HOMA-IR, triglyceride, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, AST, ALT, and CRP) of individuals with metabolic syndrome were higher than those of the control group (p<0.05). However, HDL and sCD6 levels did not differ between the groups (p>0.05). Individuals with metabolic syndrome had lower olive oil, higher corn oil and tail oil consumptions (p<0.05). However, no difference was found between the groups in terms of other types of fat and dietary fatty acid patterns (p>0.05). No correlation was observed between the sCD36 receptor levels and dietary fatty acid type in individuals with metabolic syndrome (p>0.05). Conclusions: Soluble CD36 level is not a possible biomarker for metabolic syndrome owing to its similar levels in these patients.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13010
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • The determination of fermented food awareness and the effect of the
           COVID-19 pandemic period on fermented food consumption in Türkiye

    • Authors: Eda Ganiyusufoglu, Yesim Aytop, Yekta Gezginc
      Abstract: The Covid-19 pandemic highlighted the need of creating a strong immune system while dealing with viral illnesses. Nutrition has a crucial role in immune system control. Fermented food products, which are important in nutrition, can also strengthen the immune system. In this study, we investigated the determination of the knowledge level of consumers about fermented foods as well as the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on fermented food consumption. The data obtained from the online surveys was conducted with 600 consumers in Turkey. The surveys were repeated twice, in the first year and the second year of COVID-19. Binary logit model was used to analyse the data. According to the results, 88% of the consumers had sufficient information about COVID-19. In the first year of COVID-19, it was determined that the state of having knowledge about fermented foods was affected by gender and education, and in the second year, it was affected by gender and age. Consumers who increased their consumption of fermented foods increased their consumption of yogurt, cheese, butter, boza, and sausage in the first year of COVID-19 compared to the second year. In the second year of COVID-19, they increased their consumption of kefir, shalgam, tarhana, and pickles compared to the first year. The results will contribute to the prevention of disease by raising awareness about fermented food consumption in the COVID-19 pandemic and will provide resources for relevant stakeholders.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13262
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • The effects of watermelon and Tualang honey based energy drinks on
           postprandial antioxidant activity and oxidative stress in male collegiate
           athletes: a dose-response and time-course efficacy study

    • Authors: Rohit Chaudhary, Sareena Hanim Hamzah, Azlina Abdul Aziz, Zulkarnain Jaafar, Nik Shanita Safii
      Abstract: Background: Exogenous antioxidant supplementation via natural food sources may enhance antioxidant activity and reduce oxidative stress. This study examined the dose-response and time-course effect of watermelon and Tualang honey based energy drinks (WED) on postprandial antioxidant activity and oxidative stress in male collegiate athletes. Methods: This randomized, two-dose, crossover design study included 12 healthy male collegiate athletes. Participants consumed WED of 0.5 g CHO/kg (WML) or 1g CHO/kg (WMH) on two occasions separated by 7 days washout period. The primary outcome ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and secondary outcomes total phenolic content (TPC), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were analyzed in blood samples drawn at baseline (fasting) and at 30, 60, 90, 120 minutes post-ingestion of WED’s. Results: The area under the curve for FRAP (AUCFRAP) and ROS (AUCROS) was higher (p = 0.024) and lower (p = 0.021) respectively in WMH compared to WML trial. AUCTPC was higher (p = 0.001) in WML, whereas, AUCMDA showed no significant difference (p ˃ 0.05) between both trials. Concentrations of ROS and MDA in plasma significantly decreased (p < 0.05) from baseline to 60 min post-consumption of WMH. Plasma FRAP concentration peaked (p ˃ 0.05) at 60 min post ingestion of WMH, whilst it showed constant decline post consumption of WML. Plasma TPC concentration peaked (p < 0.05) at 60 min in WML, whereas it increased (p ˃ 0.05) over time in WMH trial. Conclusions: WMH demonstrated an optimal increment in antioxidant activity and a decrease in oxidative stress at 60 min after its ingestion among male collegiate athletes.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13516
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Energy and macronutrients intake of children attending kindergartens in
           Kosovo (full day program-8 hours)

    • Authors: Agim Rysha, Tahire M Gjergji, Angelika Ploeger
      Abstract: : Aim: Understanding preschool children’s food consumption in kindergartens may be one possibility to find out whether preschool children’s energy is adequate. The aim of the study was to evaluate the energy and macronutrient intake by children in kindergartens in Kosovo. Methods: Preschool children (n = 469) aged 1<7 participated in three days’ dietary intake assessment through food measuring in kindergartens. The software Prodi was used to convert food items to constituent nutrients. The Anderson-Darling test was used to test if the dataset comes from a normal distribution. In contrast, Fisher’s and unpaired Student’s t-tests were used to see that data follow a normal probability distribution, the variances of the populations are equal, and the samples are independent. Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was used to test the differences between means of energy and macronutrients among treatments (kindergartens). Results: The children obtained more than 50% of their daily energy requirements. The energy intake across the five kindergartens showed significant differences (between 292±31.7 kcal and 1126± 201 kcal). Apart from differences in the energy level, an imbalanced share of energy was observed from each macronutrient. Overall, children in our study met the recommended daily carbohydrate intake already during their 8 hours stay in kindergarten. The average protein intake by 1<4 old boys and girls exceeded the daily reference values for protein intake. The mean percentage of energy intake from fat was around 27 % of daily reference values. Conclusions: The energy intake across the five kindergartens showed significant differences and it was observed that there was an imbalanced share of energy from each macronutrient. There is a need for the development of uniform dietary legal standards of nutrition in kindergartens in Kosovo.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12049
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Can the duration of obesity, diet, and physical activity be determinants
           in metabolic healthy obesity'

    • Authors: Gozde Aritici Colak, Duygu Saglam
      Abstract: Objective: A subgroup is defined as metabolic healthy obese, resistant to the development of complications caused by obesity. This study aims  to evaluate the difference between obese subgroups in terms of diet, physical activity, and time spent obese. Methods: 401 individuals between the ages of 18-65 with a body mass index greater than 30 kg/m2 participated in the study.  A questionnaire form was applied in which the general characteristics of the individuals were questioned, anthropometric measurements were made, and biochemical blood parameters were taken. Food consumption and physical activity records were taken. According to the metabolic syndrome diagnostic criteria, ATP III, individuals are classified as metabolically healthy or metabolically unhealthy. Results: At the end of the study, 60% of women (n=147) and 69% of men (n=109) were found to be metabolically unhealthy obese (p0.05). It was observed that the amount of energy, total fat, saturated fat, and carbohydrates taken with the daily diet are higher in those with unhealthy obesity than in the healthy obese (p0.05).  The risk of metabolic unhealthy obesity was found to be 2.2 times higher in individuals with a body mass index over 30 kg/m2 for more than 10 years. After the age of 52, the risk of being obese with metabolic unhealthy is 2.5 times higher. Conclusion: It is thought that lifestyle may be a distinguishing factor in the group of obesity resistant to metabolic risk factors. Clarification of the possible effects of nutrition in metabolically healthy obese will be important in the treatment of obesity.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13856
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • The place of red meat consumption in nutrition habits and factors
           affecting red meat consumption

    • Authors: Nildem Kızılaslan
      Abstract: In addition to being the most important source of animal protein, red meat is important for human nutrition and health with vitamins, minerals antioxidant substances, and various nutritious elements it contains. In the study, it was aimed to determine individuals’ red meat consumption habits, purchasing behaviors, and factors affecting consumer decisions. In line with this purpose, a questionnaire was administered to 410 consumers chosen through proportional sampling method with 95% confidence interval and 5% error margin. In measuring the factors that individuals consider regarding the place they purchase red meat according to their income levels, a 5-Point Likert type scale, the lowest score being 1 and the highest score being 5, was used. In addition, individuals’ Body Mass Indexes (BMIs) were calculated. The average income level of the individuals was 4,158.21 TL per month, and their average monthly expenditure on food was found as 978.57 TL. The female individuals’ mean BMI was determined to be 24.43±4.05, while it was found to be 26.78±4.19 for male individuals. The average red meat consumption of the participants was found to be 85.85%. It was observed that the income level of the individuals was a factor affecting their amount of red meat consumption. As the level of income increased, so did red meat consumption. In the study, it was determined that the individuals consumed an average of 3,46±1,86 kg red meat a month. According to analysis results, it was determined that there was a statistically significant relationship between red meat consumption and the individuals’ income levels, food expenditures, and their professions. No statistically significant relationship was found between red meat consumption and the individuals’ age, education, gender, marital status, and BMI (kg/m2) of the male and female individuals. In conclusion, it can be claimed that consumption of red meat that is of high quality and contains protein in line with the consumers’ preferences in recommended amounts in daily diet will benefit individuals in terms of health. In this context, red meat consumption should be encouraged in a balanced way in line with consumption texture, and necessary measures that will ensure its consumption as an important element of balanced nutrition should be taken.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12592
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • The relationship between PG-SGA scores and nutritional status of patients
           receiving chemotherapy

    • Authors: Dilşat Baş, Özlem Sönmez, Nilay Öngen, Elif Şenocak Taşçı
      Abstract: Background: We aimed to examine cancer patients receiving chemotherapy in terms of nutritional education status, malnutrition rate, and use of oral nutritional support. The relationships between these variables are explored. Materials/Methods: PG-SGA malnutrition screening tool and questionnaires about nutrition education status and oral nutritional support were carried out with 281 cancer patients treated in the chemotherapy unit of a private health institution. The data were analyzed with SPSS. Results: We found that 56.1% of the patients received their nutritional information from the doctor. There was not a significant relationship between nutritional education status and malnutrition. According to the PG-SGA evaluation, 37.7% of the patients were moderately malnourished and 6.8% were severely malnourished. However, it is seen that 72.5% of malnourished patients do not receive oral nutritional support. The PG-SGA results revealed that Albumin was significantly lower in patients with severe malnutrition compared to other groups. It was found that malnutrition was overlooked in 82% of patients evaluated with BMI alone. Conclusion: PG-SGA is a tool that should be used routinely with chemotherapy patients. In future research, the validity of the PG-SGA short form should be conducted as it may provide ease of application and widespread use.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12806
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Influence of chilling-and-reheating pasta on postprandial glycemic
           responses and appetite: a randomized control trial

    • Authors: Maha H. Alhussain, Areej A Almousa , Sehad N Alarifi , Sahar Abdulaziz AlSedairy, Abdulrhamn M Alhowikan
      Abstract: Background and aim: Starch chilling-and-reheating process can affect starch structures and digestibility. Studies investigating the potential health implications of this process are lacking. We aimed to examine the influence of chilling-and-reheating pasta, a starchy food, on postprandial glycemic and insulinemic responses, as well as appetite. Methods: Eight healthy young males participated in this randomized cross-over study. Subjects were provided pasta meals in the laboratory after overnight fasting on two separate occasions, at least 1 week apart. On each laboratory visit, subjects were given either freshly cooked pasta, as a control meal (CM) or cooked, overnight chilled, and reheated pasta as a test meal (TM). The two meals (CM and TM) were isocaloric and matched for composition, ingredients, and amount. Blood samples and subjective appetite ratings were collected at fasting and for a period of 3-h after meal consumption. Results: TM significantly increased net incremental area under the curve (net iAUC) for satiety (mean ± SD: TM: 10181.25±3140.65 mm; CM: 7132.37±3187.31 mm; p = 0.03) and reduced the desire to eat (TM: −8190.75±4333.34 mm vs. CM: −4594.50±1481.11 mm; p = 0.03). However, no significant differences were found in postprandial glycemic and insulinemic responses between the two meals. Conclusions: Chilling-and-reheating pasta was associated with greater satiety and a lower desire to eat and, in a long term, may lead to weight management.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13111
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Evaluation of sarcopenia in patients with hyperthyroidism

    • Authors: Aslı Tufan , Ebru Engin, Onur Elbasan, Nurdan Senturk Durmus, Busra Can, Can Ilgin, Bulent Can
      Abstract: Background and aim: Sarcopenia is a generalized skeletal muscle disease and thyroid hormones have regulatory effects on skeletal muscle metabolism. This study aims to evaluate the association between hyperthyroidism and sarcopenia. Methods: Thirteen patients with overt hyperthyroidism (OH), 13 patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism (SH) and 30 healthy volunteers were included. OH was defined as serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) <0.34 mU/L and free T4 (fT4) >1.12 ng/dL and/or free T3 (fT3) >4.37 ng/L; while SH was defined as TSH <0.34 when fT4 and fT3 were within the normal reference range (0.61–1.12 ng/dL for fT4; 2.6–4.37 ng/L for fT3). Handgrip strength (HGS) measurement and chair stand test were performed for muscle strength, while skeletal muscle mass index measurement with bioelectrical impedance analysis and calf circumference (CC) measurement were performed for muscle mass evaluation. Results: The median age was 44.9 (21–76), and 16 (61.5%) were female. HGS and CC were found to be significantly lower in the OH and SH groups than in the control group (p=0.007; p=0.008, respectively). Sarcopenia was more common in the OH and SH groups than in the control group (p=0.007), and the risk of sarcopenia was higher in the OH group than in the SH group (OR: 2.44, 95% CI: 0.26–31.87). In hyperthyroid patients, a high fT4 increased the possibility of sarcopenia (OR: 6.0 95% CI: 0.59–79.23). Conclusions: Sarcopenia is significantly more common in patients with hyperthyroidism.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13353
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Evaluation of physical characteristics and sensory acceptance of newly
           developed vegetable-based soups

    • Authors: Sim Yee Lim, Dora Rosmawati, Noor Hafizah Yatiman, Jyh Eiin Wong, Hasnah Haron, Bee Koon Poh
      Abstract: The average vegetables consumption of Malaysian children is relatively low and do not meet the recommendations set by Malaysian Dietary Guidelines. Serving vegetables in the form of blended soup may increase vegetable consumption among children. This study aimed to evaluate physical characteristics of newly developed vegetable-based soups and their sensory acceptance by Malaysian children from three main ethnicities. Three different soups were prepared by blending potatoes with different ratios of carrots, celery and leek. Soup A was made with 25 g of each type of vegetable, soup B was made by doubling the amount of vegetables used in A, and soup C was the same as soup B but with 50% more carrots. In terms of colour measurement, the L* value was significantly lower (p<0.05) in soup C than soups A and B, whereas the colour intensity of redness (a*) and yellowness (b*) was significantly higher (p<0.05). Mean sensory scores for attributes of colour, saltiness, sweetness and overall acceptance were highest for soup C. For the attribute of taste, mean score of soup C (5.4±2.2) was significantly higher (p<0.05) than that for soup A (3.3±2.0) among Malays, while no significant differences (p>0.05) were observed among Chinese and Indians. In conclusion, the vegetable soup with extra carrots was well-accepted by children from all three ethnicities and may be adopted as a dietary strategy to increase children’s vegetable intake.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.10383
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Relative validity of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire to
           estimate the intake of iron and its absorption modifiers in young Saudi

    • Authors: Merfat Almaghrabi, Salwa Albar , Hadeil Alsufiani , Ranim Zamkah , Sarah Alyafie, Abrar Houssien
      Abstract: Background and aim: To date, there is a lack of published data regarding validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) design specifically for Saudi populations. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate for the first time the relative validity of a semi-quantitative FFQ to estimate the intake of iron and its absorption modifiers in young Saudi females.  Methods: A convenience sample of 101 apparently healthy young Saudi females aged 18- 24 from Jeddah, Saudi Arabia participated in the study. All participants completed the FFQ and three non-consecutive days of food records (FR) to determine validity. Pearson’s correlation was used to investigate the correlation between nutrients intake obtained from the FFQ and FR. The agreement between the two methods was compared using a Bland-Altman analysis and the Cohen’s kappa statistic. For the analysis, the significance level was set at p <0.05. Results: There were no significant differences between the estimates of iron and calcium intake obtained by the two methods. However, the FFQ yielded higher estimates of vitamin A, vitamin C, and fiber. The differences in iron was equivalent to 4%, with agreement ranging from an underestimation of 1.2% to an overestimation of 1.3%. For vitamin A, vitamin C, and fiber, the difference between the two methods increased with increasing mean intake. The agreement on ranking showed that participants were correctly classified in the same or adjacent quantile of nutrient intake. Conclusions: The semi-quantitative FFQ appears to be a reasonably valid method of estimating the intake of iron and its absorption modifiers in young Saudi females. The present findings are of interest for public health and could be applied in epidemiological studies. 
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13717
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Dietary intakes, nutritional habits, and nutritional supplement use of
           collegiate athletes: a sample from a university in Turkey

    • Authors: Özge Mengi Çelik, Hamdi Nezih Dağdeviren
      Abstract: Objective: There is no published data about dietary intakes, nutritional habits, and supplement use of Turkish collegiate athletes who are actively competing in any sports branch. This study aimed to assess supplement use, nutritional habits, and dietary intakes in collegiate athletes. Participants and Methods: One hundred twenty-seven athletes participated in this study. Results: The energy intake was 3084.3±1564.0 kcal in women and 3981.9±1531.7 kcal in men. Energy and all nutrient intakes were above the recommended level. It was found that 49.6% of the athletes used nutritional supplements (≥2 days/week over the past year). The most used supplements were sports drinks (33.1%), multivitamin/mineral supplements (26.0%), and protein powder (21.3%). Athletes learned the information about supplements mostly from coaches (31.5%), internet (28.3%), and friends (21.3%). It was found that 51.2% of the athletes skipped meals. Conclusion: Nutrition education is needed to improve nutritional habits and dietary intakes of collegiate athletes.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12264
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Effect of protein level and slaughter age on carcass traits and meat
           quality of Bruna Alpine steers

    • Authors: Davide De Marzo, Vito Laudadio, Vincenzo Tufarelli
      Abstract: This study aimed to evaluate the effects of dietary protein level on the growth performance, carcass traits and meat quality of Bruna Alpina steers slaughtered at different ages. Animals were weighing approximately 260 kg and were divided equally into two treatment groups. Group A received a Crude Protein deficient diet (8.50 %) wile group B was given adequate crude protein throughout the study (12.20 % crude protein on a dry matter basis). Four cattle from each group were slaughtered at approximately 30 days intervals. Carcasses were yield graded and chilling took place at 3° C and were aged for 21 days at 4 °C. Proximate analysis of Longissimus muscle were determined and separable components of 11th rib were separated. Cattle in group B which had been fed adequate protein were heavier at slaughter than cattle in group A which was fed the protein deficient diet (486.1 versus 442.4 Kg; p < .05) and ADG (1.02 versus 0.63 kg/d; p < .01). As for proximate composition of LD muscle groups 190 and 150 days were characterized by the lowest protein (p<.05), instead LD from group 190 days showed the highest lipid content (6.98%). We concluded that increasing the amount of dietary protein as used in this study tended to improve some carcass quality.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.14005
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • “Restrained eating” vs “dieting”: how are they associated with
           body weight status, eating behavior and eating frequency among Polish

    • Authors: Joanna Bajerska, Joanna Pieczyńska, Małgorzata Woźniewicz, Ewelina Chawłowska, Karolina Łagowska, Maria Biskupska
      Abstract: Aim: This study aimed to assess how dieting and dietary restraint were associated with body weight status and eating frequency of certain food groups in a sample of 874 healthy Polish adolescents and young adults aged 16-18 years. Methods: Anthropometric parameters were measured using standardised techniques and instruments. The validated food frequency questionnaire was used to assess habitual dietary intakes. Eating behaviour was assessed with the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire. The physical activity was assessed by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire. Results: The odds ratio (OR) for overweight and obesity was 1.81 (CI95%:1.22;2.70, p=0.003) times higher among current dieters than nondieters. The odds of being overweight or obese were significantly lower with female sex [OR=0.40 (CI95%:0.27;0.59, p<0.001)]. BMI z-score and WHtR were significantly higher by 0.32 (CI95%:0.18;0.47,p<0.001) and 0.02 (CI95%:0.01;0.02,p<0.001) among dieters than nondieters respectively. Those variables did not differ among restrained and nonrestrained eaters. Dieters were more restrained by 1.71 (CI95%:1.35;2.07,p<0.001) and they had significantly higher disinhibition scores that nondieters did by 0.71 (CI95%:0.33;1.09,p<0.001). Restraint scores were significantly higher by 5.24 (CI95%:4.90;5.57,p<0.001) among restrained eaters vs. unrestrained counterparts. Dieters (especially males) declared less frequent eating of meats & eggs, milk & dairy products, sweets, snacks & fast foods, sweetened beverages. Restrained eaters (especially females) limited the frequency of consumption of most of the unhealthy food items. Conclusions: Effective nutrition education programmes targeted at weight management in adolescents should be gender-specific and concentrate on both the common dietary errors and sensible dietary approaches to weight reduction.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12468
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Incidence of obesity and anemia in the diagnosis of breast cancer

    • Authors: Erika Martínez Cordero, María del Pilar Fernández Carrasco, Luz Elvia Vera Becerra, Carlos Alberto Esparza Martínez, Evelia Apolinar Jiménez
      Abstract: Obesity (Ob) and anemia are common pathologies associated with a poor prognosis during breast cancer (BC) treatment. However, there are not enough data on the presence of these pathologies at the time of diagnosis, resulting in a late medical-nutritional intervention, which entails a wide variety of complications that affect the quality of life and prognosis of patients. This study analyzed the presence of Ob and anemia retrospectively in 715 women who were diagnosed with BC. The mean value for the body mass index (BMI) was 29.12kg/m2 while the highest prevalence in the analysis by age groups was for overweight and Ob; age and BMI showed a positive correlation. 15.43% of the women presented anemia and only a negative correlation trend was observed between hemoglobin values ​​and BMI. The results showed that 7 out of 10 women are overweight and 1 in 6 is anemic, the highest prevalence of anemia was in the overweight group.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12639
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Effect of short-term thiamine supplementation on oxidative stress,
           inflammation, exercise capacity and prognosis in chronic heart failure: a
           randomized clinical trial

    • Authors: Like Geng, Sanjun He, Luzhao Wang, Qun Dang, Fang Wang, Guo Lv
      Abstract: Background and aim: Thiamine has known antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects. However, the effectiveness of thiamine supplementation and clinical outcome in chronic heart failure (CHF) are unclear. Therefore, this study focuses on evaluating the effect of short-term thiamine supplementation on oxidative stress, inflammation, exercise capacity, and predicts the ability of rehospitalization within 30-day in patients with CHF. Methods: Sixty hospitalized patients with CHF were randomly divided into two groups. Both groups received conventional anti-heart failure treatment, but the thiamine group (n=30) received thiamine (100 mg/day) by intramuscular injection for 1 week, while the control group (n=30) did not do it. Serum thiamine, malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (pro-BNP) levels and 6-minute walking distance (6MWD) were detected in the two groups before and after the treatment, and all the participants were followed-up for 30-day after discharge. Results: After 1 week of treatment, serum thiamine levels were significantly decreased in control group compared with baseline (p<0.05), and the SOD levels and 6MWD in the thiamine group were significantly increased compared with the control group (p<0.05). Serum thiamine levels in the thiamine group were independent determinants of serum SOD levels (standardized coefficient=0.4, p=0.022) and 6MWD (standardized coefficient=0.518, p=0.004) after thiamine supplementation. Serum thiamine levels before discharge (hazard ratio [HR], 0.957, 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.924 to 0.992; p=0.016) was independently related to the rehospitalization within 30-day. Conclusions: In conclusion, short-term thiamine supplementation could improve oxidative stress and exercise capacity, and serum thiamine levels before discharge was an independent predictor of rehospitalization within 30-day. Meanwhile, furosemide could reduce serum thiamine levels in patients with CHF.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13033
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • The effects of COVID-19 restrictions on dietary behaviors, supplement, and
           physical activity habits of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    • Authors: Erkan Gülgösteren, Nevzat Demirci, Pervin Toptaş Demirci
      Abstract: Study Objectives: Limited studies show that adverse behavioral outcomes such as physical activity (PA), Dietary Behaviors (DB) are increasing among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) because of COVID 19. However, the effects of the pandemic on children with ASD are little known. This study aimed to evaluate the factors that may affect the PA, DS, and DB of individuals with ASD before and during the curfew brought by the COVID-19 epidemic. Methods: A total of 64 ASD participants (40 boys and 24) girls aged 6-18 years, were included in the study. The mean age of the participants was (13.75 ± 1.67). An online questionnaire consisting of sociodemographic data, PA, DS, and DS habits was applied to the participants. Results: BMI (kg/m2) increased compared to pre-COVID-19 (< 0.001). It was determined that the physical activity levels of the participants with ASD were greatly reduced compared to pre-COVID-19 (<0.001). Duration of PA conducted 1 time a week, 3 times a week, and >7 days/week were found to be <30 minutes (< 0.001). Compared to pre-COVID-19, breakfast habits were changed (71.9%; < 0.001). Eating and snacking although not feeling hungry increased, (< 0.310; < 0.120 respectively). Vitamin C (53.1%), vitamin D (70.3%), vitamin B12 (50.0%), Calcium (75.0) and Magnesium (67.1%) use was determined to increase significantly (< 0.001) in participants with ASD during COVID-19. Conclusion: It was determined that individuals with ASD have significant decreases in physical activity, and nutritional behavior and significant increases in supplement use during the COVID-19 epidemic.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13283
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • An investigation into the relationship between social media addiction and
           emotional eating behaviour of university students

    • Authors: Hakan Akdeniz, Burak Taş, Behçet Koçoğlu, Pınar Yağmur Toprak
      Abstract: Background and aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between social media use and emotional eating behaviour. Method: The sample of the study was comprised of 301 students consisting of 153 male and 148 female students, studying at the Faculty of Sport Sciences at Kocaeli University. The "Social Media Addiction Scale" developed by Sahin and Yagci (2017) and the "Emotional Eating Scale" developed by Bilgen (2018) were used to obtain data in the study. The descriptive characteristics of the students participating in the study were determined using frequency and percentage analyses. Skewness and Kurtosis values were checked to see if the data had a normal distribution. While correlation analysis was used to determine the relationship between the study variables, regression analysis was used to determine the effect. Results: The social media addiction scale and the emotional eating scale were found to have a positive and significant relationship (p<0.05). As a result of the regression analysis, it was seen that social media addiction explained 13,4% of the emotional eating scale, which was statistically significant. (R=37,1%; R2= 13,7%; AdjR2=13,4%, F=47,134; p<0,01). Conclusions: According to the findings of the study, as the use of social media increased, emotional eating attitudes also increased.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13628
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Relationship between the adherence to the mediterranean diet, nutrient
           intake and anthropometric measurements for adult individuals living in

    • Authors: Ayşen Yıldırım, Kamil Dağcılar, Asiye Yeter Güngör Başaran, Begüm Harmancıoğlu, Cemre Elmas, Çağla İçten, Nuriye Kahır, Pınar Gökensel Okta
      Abstract: Objective: The Mediterranean diet (MD) is recommended as a nutrition model that exhibits preventive characteristics against several chronic diseases. The present study aimed to determine the adherence to MD and the relationship among adherence to MD, nutrition, anthropometric measurements of adult individuals living in Cyprus. Methods: The study participants comprised 705 individual. The face-to-face interviews with them comprised general information, the MD adherence score, frequency of food consumption, anthropometric measurements. The data collected were evaluated using the appropriate statistical analyses. Results: Of the study participants, 35.7% had low adherence to MD, 57.1% had medium adherence, and only 7.2% had high adherence. We observed that participants who had low adherence to MD had higher body weight, body fat ratio, body lean tissue mass (p < 0.05). Daily fiber, monounsaturated-fatty-acid intakes were lower (p < 0.05). In addition, we observed that individuals with high adherence to MD had higher vitamin A and D intakes than the participants (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Similar to the results in the literature, we observed that individual adherence to MD might create positive effects on some anthropometric measurements and some nutrient intakes. Therefore, MD is considered to be a healthy diet based on those results.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12417
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Effect of social network use and advertising on anthropometric status and
           dietary intake

    • Authors: Nihal Zekiye Erdem, Nadide Gizem Tarakçı , Emre Bayraktaroğlu
      Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the effects of social media use and advertisements on anthropometric status and nutrition in adults. In this randomized and cross-sectional study, 9918 adults aged between 18 and 65 years in 30 cities of Turkey were included. Method: Within the scope of the research, a questionnaire consisting of 40 questions in 4 sections was applied to the participants. The questions asked included socio-demographic information, anthropometric measurements, reliance on information about nutrition in social media and advertisements, changes in eating habits caused by social media and advertisements, information about nutrition, and 24-hour food consumption frequency. Results: People who use Instagram, books, and Pinterest have been found to have lower body weight, BMI, and carbohydrate, fat, and cholesterol intake. People who use Instagram, books, and Pinterest have been found to have lower body weight, BMI, and carbohydrate, fat, and cholesterol intake. It has been observed that individuals who modified their eating habits after being persuaded by media coverage of nutrition issues had considerably lower weights, BMIs, and energy, protein, fat, and cholesterol intakes, while having higher fiber intake. It has been revealed that celebrities in commercials or social media advertising have no bearing on consumer decisions to buy products. Instead, consumers pay attention to cited sources in social media posts that discuss nutrition-related topics and seek out dietary advice from dietitians. Conclusion: It has been determined that social media and advertisements, fast and effective means of obtaining information, affect eating habits, purchasing behaviors, body compositions and health status of individuals. Hence, only dietitians should share on nutrition through social media and advertisements bearing ethical rules in mind and necessary inspections should be carried out by relevant institutions.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12626
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Psychometric properties of the household food insecurity assess scale
           among households with tuberculosis patients in South India

    • Authors: Yuvaraj Krishnamoorthy, Sathish Rajaa, Komala Ezhumalai, Selby Knudsen, Robert Horsburgh Jr, Natasha Hochberg, Padmini Salgame, Jerrold Ellner, Senbagavalli Prakash Babu, Sonali Sarkar
      Abstract: Background/Aim We conducted this study to assess the psychometric properties (construct validity and internal consistency) of the Household Food Insecurity Access Scale (HFIAS) in measuring household food insecurity among households with tuberculosis (TB) patients in South India Methods Cross-sectional analysis of data from large-scale cohort study under RePORT-India consortium, conducted between 2014 and 2019 amongst three districts of South India (Pondicherry district in Puducherry, Villupuram and Cuddalore in Tamil Nadu. Households with newly diagnosed smear positive TB patients aged ≥6 years were selected as study participants. Construct validity of HFIAS was assessed through exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability assessment was done through Cronbach’s alpha. Results We found that 33.4% of the households with TB patients had food insecurity. The principal component analysis in this study found two-factor model for HFIAS, representing insufficient food quality and quantity. Both these factors explained 88% of the total variance. Confirmatory factor analysis also revealed acceptable goodness-of-fit indices for the two-factor model. The scale had very good internal consistency (Cronbach’s α=0.92). Conclusion The HFIAS tool has showed good validity and reliability to measure household food insecurity among TB households in South India.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12971
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • A short history of human nutrition from prehistory to ancient

    • Authors: Giorgia Viola Lacasella, Karidia Karaboue
      Abstract: The history of food is as long as the history of humanity: throughout history food, eating habits and behaviour have been conditioned by climatic, psychological, relational and technological factors since food can also be considered culture. Retracing the essential stages of human dietary evolution in ancient civilisations highlights how changing geographical location, climate and improving technologies have even changed (not always for the better) eating habits.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13896
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Nutritional review of the methodology applied in sports supplementation

    • Authors: Leticia Cantero, Javier Conde-Pipo, Maria Jose Jimenez-Casquet, Jose Antonio Latorre, Nuria Gimenez-Blasi, Manuel Martinez-Bebia, Anna Bach-Faig, Fatima Olea-Serrano, Miguel Mariscal-Arcas
      Abstract: Both high-performance athletes and amateurs resort to taking supplements in order to improve their performance and/or their health. Many of them do not know the effects of these and take them without a professional supervision. The aim is to know the population who is studied by other different studies related to supplementation and improvement of sports performance and the nutritional method used in these cases.Systematic bibliographic research (March-May2021) was carried out in MEDLINE, with Boolean operators (((((caffeine[MeSH Major Topic]) OR (creatine[MeSH Major Topic])) OR (nitrate[MeSH Major Topic])) OR (sodium bicarbonate[MeSH Major Topic])) AND (dietary supplement[MeSH Terms])) AND (athletic performance[MeSH Terms]). 17 articles were included.Mean participants of these studies were 16.8subjects, which corresponds to a small sample. Only two studies were conducted to women. Several others were based on people who are not considered high-performance. In most of the selected studies, there is no a nutritional assessment, dietary record or follow-up of the subjects' diet before and during the intervention, and this is a limitation.In order to reach accurate conclusions about supplementation and optimization of sports performance, it is necessary to know the nutritional and hydration status, supplementation habits and lifestyle of the participants in these trials are.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12308
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Creatine supplementation and the role on oxidative stress, brain creatine
           level and inflammation. A brief review

    • Authors: Fiorenzo Moscatelli, Ines Villano, Marcellino Monda, Antonietta Messina, Vincenzo Monda, Giuseppe Cibelli, Anna Valenzano, Nicola Tartaglia, Antonio Ambrosi, Chiara Porro, Giovanni Messina
      Abstract: One of the most important and popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes is creatine. Numerous scientific studies have shown that the constant supplementation of creatine favors the increase of its concentration in the muscles, and this could lead to an increase in physical performance, especially of high intensity exercises. Additionally, creatine supplementation appears to be related to improved post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and neuroprotection of concussion and / or spinal cord. From these studies it is found that the intake of creatine, in addition to beneficial effects on sports performance, can have post-injury effects and improve injury-recovery, increasing the tolerance of athletes loaded with heavy training. Additionally, several studies have shown numerous potential beneficial effects of creatine supplementation. In this investigation was show that short and long-term supplementation (up to 30 g/day for 5 years) is safe and well-tolerated in healthy individuals and in a number of patient populations ranging from infants to the elderly. Moreover, significant health benefits may be provided by ensuring habitual low dietary creatine ingestion (e.g., 3 g/day) throughout the lifespan. The aim of this brief review is to provide an overview to the current literature regarding the role and safety of creatine supplementation in exercise, and the role on oxidative stress, brain cretine level and inflammation.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.12085
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
  • Nutrition and hydration of patients in a persistent vegetative state

    • Authors: Giorgia Viola Lacasella, Karidia Karaboue
      Abstract: Entering a persistent vegetative state is undoubtedly devastating, as is its temporally unpredictable permanency. However, it is out of the question that the tragic nature of a pathological state such as PVS, however extreme, may in the slightest way alter the dignity of those affected nor their full rights. It is not possible to justify any denial or weakening of the right to care which should be guaranteed as for any other human being. Given the prominent number of people in a persistent vegetative state even in Italy, as well as the ongoing controversy over whether or not nutrition and hydration through a tube or percutaneous enterogastrostomy should be considered medical treatment and/or therapeutic intervention, it seems helpful to reiterate some fundamental bioethical principles.
      PubDate: 2022-12-23
      DOI: 10.23751/pn.v24i4.13895
      Issue No: Vol. 24, No. 4 (2022)
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