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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
Showing 1 - 64 of 64 Journals sorted by number of followers
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 176)
British Journal Of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 94)
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 92)
Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 87)
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 62)
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 61)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 49)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
Nutrition in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 44)
Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 40)
Annual Review of Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Nutrition Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
European Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 31)
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 31)
Public Health Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Nutrition & Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Obesity Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Appetite     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
Childhood Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Eating Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Advances in Eating Disorders : Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Topics in Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Clinical Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Maternal & Child Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
BMC Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition and Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Nutrition Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Food, Culture and Society: An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrients     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Food and Foodways: Explorations in the History and Culture of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Ecology of Food and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Dietary Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Pediatric Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Nutritional Neuroscience : An International Journal on Nutrition, Diet and Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Obesity Facts     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Nutrition Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nutrition and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bangladesh Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition Bytes     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition - Science en évolution     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Genes & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Metabolism and Nutrition in Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Universal Journal of Food and Nutrition Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
PharmaNutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrición Hospitalaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrition and Metabolic Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ernährung & Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Transplant and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Oil Crop Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Open Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Chilena de Nutricion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Progress in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lifestyle Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Acta Portuguesa de Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Plant Production Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Human Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia : Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archive of Food and Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Open Obesity Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
The Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBONE - Revista Brasileira de Obesidade, Nutrição e Emagrecimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Environmental Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food & Nutritional Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Nutrition Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Nutrition Open Science     Open Access  
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
npj Science of Food     Open Access  
Functional Foods in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Arab Journal of Nutrition and Exercise     Open Access  
Nutrire     Hybrid Journal  
UNICIÊNCIAS     Open Access  
Lifestyle Journal     Open Access  
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición     Open Access  
Revista Salud Pública y Nutrición     Open Access  
Open Food Science Journal     Open Access  
Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional     Open Access  
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
Journal of Medicinal Herbs and Ethnomedicine     Open Access  
La Ciencia al Servicio de la Salud y Nutrición     Open Access  
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan     Open Access  
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia / The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition     Open Access  
Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Media Gizi Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia     Open Access  
NFS Journal     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism     Open Access  
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Journal of Nutritional Ecology and Food Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy     Open Access  
DEMETRA : Alimentação, Nutrição & Saúde     Open Access  
Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Médecine & Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Muscle Foods     Hybrid Journal  

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Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Current Nutrition Reports
Number of Followers: 8  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Online) 2161-3311
Published by Springer-Verlag Homepage  [2469 journals]
  • Plant-Based Diets and Cancer Prognosis: a Review of Recent Research

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Although plant-based diets are recommended for cancer prevention, their role in cancer survival is still uncertain. The purpose of this systematic review is to summarize the association between postdiagnosis plant-based diets and prognosis in cancer survivors. Recent Findings There is indication that higher intake of plant-based foods was associated with improved prognosis in cancer survivors. For colorectal cancer survival, a better prognosis was observed for a high intake of whole grains and fibre. For breast cancer survival, a higher intake of fruit, vegetable and fibre and a moderate intake of soy/isoflavone were associated with beneficial outcomes. A higher vegetable fat intake was related to improved prognosis in prostate cancer survivors. Summary Emerging evidence suggests benefits of postdiagnosis plant-based diets on prognosis in cancer survivors. However, given the high heterogeneity between studies, further research in cancer survivors, considering clinical factors (e.g. treatment, stage) and methodological aspects (e.g. timing of dietary assessment), is needed.
      PubDate: 2022-09-23
       
  • Dysbiosis in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease: Let Us Talk About
           Vitamin K

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review This narrative review aimed to summarize the current evidence on the connection between dysbiosis and vitamin K deficiency in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The presence of dysbiosis (perturbations in the composition of the microbiota) has been described in several non-communicable diseases, including chronic kidney disease, and it has been hypothesized that dysbiosis may cause vitamin K deficiency. Patients with CKD present both vitamin K deficiency and gut dysbiosis; however, the relationship between gut dysbiosis and vitamin K deficiency remains to be addressed. Recent Findings Recently, few studies in animals have demonstrated that a dysbiotic environment is associated with low production of vitamin K by the gut microbiota. Summary Vitamin K plays a vital role in blood coagulation as well as in the cardiovascular and bone systems. It serves as a cofactor for γ-glutamyl carboxylases and thus is essential for the post-translational modification and activation of vitamin K-dependent calcification regulators, such as osteocalcin, matrix Gla protein, Gla-rich protein, and proteins C and S. Additionally, vitamin K executes essential antioxidant and anti-inflammatory functions. Dietary intake is the main source of vitamin K; however, it also can be produced by gut microbiota. This review discusses the effects of uremia on the imbalance in gut microbiota, vitamin K-producing bacteria, and vitamin K deficiency in CKD patients, leading to a better understanding and raising hypothesis for future clinical studies.
      PubDate: 2022-09-23
       
  • Date Palm as Source of Nutraceuticals for Health Promotion: a Review

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Chronic diseases are problematic to health professional specially when using drugs throughout the course of life with un-tolerated side effects. Returning to nature through using nutraceuticals might have both protective and therapeutic effects. Date palm was claimed to be a good source of such nutraceuticals or functional food ingredients. The purpose of the present review was to spot light on the different phytochemicals, phytonutrients, and remedial effects of date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) in a goal to be utilized in form of nutraceuticals. The possible mechanisms of action of the remedial effects were among the aim of the study. Recent Findings A protein hydrolyzate prepared from date seed could prevent DNA mutation and susceptibility to cancer. In addition to cancer prevention, date palm fruit improved the treatment outcome of cancer pediatric patients and possesses anti-angiogenic activity as one of the important anticancer mechanisms of action. On the other hand, date seed extracts was recently reported to protect from ulcerative colitis. It seems that all the aforementioned remedial effect might be ascribed to immunoregulatory effect of date palm. These findings proposed that date palm is beneficial for health. Summary Date palm fruit is a rich source of vitamins, minerals, dietary fibers, energy, and easily digestible and absorbable sugars that instantaneously replenish and revitalize the body specially after fasting condition. Mineral contents in date fruits include potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, and calcium. Diverse health claims were reported to belong to various parts of the tree including the edible part of fruits, the seeds, the leaves, spathe (an envelope-like structure that encloses male and female date palm flowers), and pollen grains due to the presence of different bioactive constituents. The main phytochemicals and phytonutrients reported in date palms are phenolic compounds, carotenoids, sterols, anthocyanins, and others. In folk medicine, date palm fruits are used for enhancing immunity and treating gastrointestinal tract disorders, edema, bronchitis, wound, cancer, as well as infectious diseases. However, the exact health benefits and remedial effects of date palm were not fully and deeply investigated. The present review focused on the bioactive constituents and the reported health benefits of date palm and proposed mechanism of action.
      PubDate: 2022-09-20
       
  • Is Vitamin D Important in Anxiety or Depression' What Is the
           Truth'

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Depression and anxiety are mood disorders that affect health and therefore quality of life and increase the global burden of disease. One of the possible mechanisms in the pathophysiology of these mood disorders has been reported as oxidative stress and inflammation. In the light of this information, it is important to determine the relationship between antioxidant nutrients (such as vitamin D) and these diseases. There are points where the brain regions involved in the pathophysiology of depression and anxiety and vitamin D metabolism intersect. Recent Findings Low vitamin D levels are associated with increased symptoms of depression and anxiety. For this reason, vitamin D screening should be performed in the prevention and treatment planning of these mood disorders. Summary Vitamin D, which has antioxidant properties and activity in brain tissue, is important for mood disorders preventions or treatments but serum levels must be followed.
      PubDate: 2022-09-13
       
  • Assessing the Cost of Healthy and Unhealthy Diets: A Systematic Review of
           Methods

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Poor diets are a leading risk factor for chronic disease globally. Research suggests healthy foods are often harder to access, more expensive, and of a lower quality in rural/remote or low-income/high minority areas. Food pricing studies are frequently undertaken to explore food affordability. We aimed to capture and summarise food environment costing methodologies used in both urban and rural settings. Recent Findings Our systematic review of high-income countries between 2006 and 2021 found 100 relevant food pricing studies. Most were conducted in the USA (n = 47) and Australia (n = 24), predominantly in urban areas (n = 74) and cross-sectional in design (n = 76). All described a data collection methodology, with just over half (n = 57) using a named instrument. The main purpose for studies was to monitor food pricing, predominantly using the ‘food basket’, followed by the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey for Stores (NEMS-S). Comparatively, the Healthy Diets Australian Standardised Affordability and Price (ASAP) instrument supplied data on relative affordability to household incomes. Summary Future research would benefit from a universal instrument reflecting geographic and socio-cultural context and collecting longitudinal data to inform and evaluate initiatives targeting food affordability, availability, and accessibility.
      PubDate: 2022-09-09
       
  • Digital Marketing of Breast-Milk Substitutes: a Systematic Scoping Review

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Globally, too few children are breastfed as recommended. Commercial promotion of breast-milk substitutes (BMS) is one factor undermining breastfeeding globally. Although the International Code of Marketing of BMS prohibits all forms of marketing, promotion has been observed in digital environments. We aimed to understand the scope and impact of digital marketing for the promotion of BMS. Recent Findings BMS are promoted strategically and in an integrated fashion across multiple digital channels (social media, manufacturer websites, online retailers, blogs, mobile apps and digital streaming services). Traditional marketing strategies like gifts, discounts and coupons are also disseminated digitally. Data mining, real-time direct-to-consumer advertising and partnering with peer-group social media influencers are additional avenues. Exposure to digital marketing is common. Research on the impact of digital marketing is scarce, but its negative impact on breastfeeding intention and initiation has been documented. Case reports from marketing industry press corroborate academic evidence by highlighting the benefits of digital marketing to BMS companies in recruiting new users and increasing sales. Summary To protect and promote breastfeeding, coordinated global action and strengthened national measures will be needed to implement, monitor and enforce the International Code in a digital context. Further action could include voluntary restrictions on BMS marketing by social media platforms and greater use of government-led data and health privacy regulation.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Determinants and Consequences of Food and Nutrition Insecurity in
           Justice-Impacted Populations

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the state of the science of food and nutrition security among justice-impacted populations, identify who might be most at-risk and health consequences, and to highlight areas for continued research and policy implications. Recent Findings This population is at-risk for experiencing food and nutrition insecurity due to high rates of unemployment, parental history of incarceration, housing instability, depressive symptoms, and social isolation, which result from involvement with the corrections system. Health consequences associated with food insecurity include depressive symptoms, self-reporting lower health status, and engaging in HIV-risk behaviors. Summary The justice-impacted population has a disproportionately higher risk of chronic and infectious diseases compared to the general population. Compounding this with food and nutrition insecurity can exacerbate these outcomes and further contribute to poor health. Structural issues related to nutrition safety net programs and employment create barriers to healthy food access. More research related to food, employment, and corrections system policies are critical to improve the well-being of this population.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • The Use of Healthy Eating Index 2015 and Healthy Beverage Index for
           Predicting and Modifying Cardiovascular and Renal Outcomes

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review With the wide recognition of the importance of dietary patterns rather than isolated nutrient groups on health outcomes, numerous diet quality indices have been designed to evaluate the overall food intake quality in the last two decades. Recent Findings The newest version of the Healthy Eating Index (HEI), HEI-2015, is a diet quality index that measures adherence to the recommendations of the 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. While the key nutrient groups are included in most diet quality indices, differences in other components and the scoring system differentiate HEI. The Healthy Beverage Index (HBI) was recently introduced. Previous literature has confirmed the association of the older versions of HEI with metabolic syndrome, inflammatory markers, and negative health outcomes including cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, and all-cause mortality. Summary This review presents the existing evidence on the association of HEI-2015 and HBI with health markers and long-term outcome, provides guidance on their use, and identifies persisting challenges such as the development of simple, unified, and objective tools to characterize healthy diets in routine clinical practice.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Nutrition and Health Claims: Consumer Use and Evolving Regulation

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review The value of nutrition and health claims (N&HC) depends on how consumers use them and the regulatory framework that enables them. This paper aims to explore the impact of claims on consumer behaviour and identify evolving regulatory challenges, using the Australian experience as a reference point. Recent Findings N&HC can influence consumer food purchasing and consumption, but how consumers interpret and act on specific claims is less well understood, and regulatory frameworks are evolving. In the last 10 years, changes to the Australian regulatory framework have exposed greater opportunities for promoting foods, albeit with challenges regarding self-substantiation of claims. Summary N&HC can play a significant role in driving consumer choices towards a healthier food supply. The Australian experience demonstrates how N&HC can continue to evolve, reflecting developments in methodologies and a fundamental appreciation of the relationship between food and health.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Intermittent Fasting in Cancer: a Role in Survivorship'

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review To discuss the historical development of intermittent fasting, its potential underlying mechanisms, and the state of clinical trials, and to reflect on considerations for practice and future recommendations. Recent Findings Preclinical studies consistently show the robust disease-modifying efficacy of intermittent fasting in various metabolic diseases which may hold implications for cancer prevention and survivorship. Twenty-one clinical trials have or are being conducted on fasting in cancer, utilizing various fasting regimens across different tumor types as a stand-alone intervention or in adjunct to anticancer treatment, with heterogenous outcome variables. Summary Though there are no known, reproducible diets, to cure or prevent cancer recurrence, preliminary research on the underlying mechanisms, tolerance, and safety of intermittent fasting in cancer warrants further investigation. The inherent flexibility of intermittent fasting to accommodate all types of diets is of necessity in oncology.
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Systematic Review of Interventions Addressing Food Insecurity in Pregnant
           Women and New Mothers

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      Abstract: Purpose of the Review Food insecurity can have a negative health impact for women during pregnancy and the postpartum period; however, there are a range of barriers to meeting nutritional guidelines during pregnancy. Food insecurity is associated with an increased risk of pregnancy complications and mental and physical health outcomes. This review aims to provide insight into programmes and interventions which have targeted food insecurity in pregnant and early postpartum women. The central research question for this review is as follows: What programmes and interventions have sought to address food insecurity among pregnant and postpartum women' A systematic search of five electronic databases including Medline, CINAHL, Global Health, Embase, and Cochrane was undertaken on August 2021. Key thematic areas searched were food insecurity, pregnancy, nutritional outcomes, and interventions or programmes. Only studies that were published since 2000 in English were considered. Recent Findings Eleven studies were included in this review. Studies employed a range of methods and outcomes measures. They were conducted in mostly low- and middle-income countries, and in general, focused on nutritional supplementation, with some studies also incorporating nutrition education or counselling. Summary The findings of this review suggest that while there are a range of possible interventions that seek to address food insecurity and hunger among pregnant and postpartum women, the limited number of robust evaluations or long-term interventions mean that evidence for any one intervention type is limited. Furthermore, the programmes and interventions that do exist are generally embedded within a single context or structure, and as such, may not be able to be widely implemented. (Prospero Registration CRD42022245787)
      PubDate: 2022-09-01
       
  • Diet, Gut Microbiome, and Cognitive Decline

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review An epidemic of age-associated cognitive decline, most commonly ascribed to neurodegenerative conditions such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s disease, is causing healthcare costs to soar and devastating caregivers. An estimated 6.5 million Americans are living today with Alzheimer’s disease, with 13.8 million cases projected by mid-century. Although genetic mutations are known to cause neurodegeneration, autosomal dominant disease is very rare and most sporadic cases can be attributed, at least in part, to modifiable risk factors. Recent Findings Diet is a potential modifiable risk factor in cognitive decline. Food communicates with the brain through a complex signaling web involving multiple cells, mediators and receptors. Gut-brain communication is modulated by microorganisms including bacteria, archaea, viruses, and unicellular eukaryotes, which together constitute the microbiota. Microbes not only play major roles in the digestion and fermentation of the food, providing nutrients and bioactive metabolites, but also reflect the type and amount of food consumed and food-borne toxic exposures. Food components modify the diversity and abundance of the microbial populations, maintain the integrity of the gut barrier, and regulate the passage of microbes and their metabolites into the blood stream where they modulate the immune system and communicate with body systems including the brain. Summary This paper will focus on selected mechanisms through which interactions between diet and the gut microbiota can modify brain integrity and cognitive function with emphasis on the pathogenesis of the most common dementia, Alzheimer’s disease.
      PubDate: 2022-08-26
       
  • Breakfast and School-Related Outcomes in Children and Adolescents in the
           US: A Literature Review and its Implications for School Nutrition Policy

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review To identify and review the latest research on the connections between breakfast and school-related outcomes in children and adolescents in the US, and to explore the implications of this research on US school nutrition policy, particularly as it applies to students experiencing or at risk for food insecurity. Recent Findings Although school personnel, parents, and students have positive attitudes about breakfast and its benefits for learning, recent research finds mixed evidence for the role of breakfast in improving objectively measured grades and test scores. Few recent studies examined behavioral outcomes, limiting the ability to draw clear conclusions about breakfast and school behavior. Several studies observed improved attendance with increased school breakfast access and participation, especially when schools offered breakfast at no cost to all students. Summary There are many challenges to studying the connections between breakfast and learning. The recent research on breakfast and academic outcomes is mixed, but there is a growing body of evidence that eliminating fees for both school breakfast and lunch has promise for improving school-related outcomes.
      PubDate: 2022-08-25
       
  • Maternal Intake of Probiotics to Program Offspring Health

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Probiotics intake may be considered beneficial by prospective and pregnant mothers, but their effects on offspring development are incompletely understood. The purpose of this review was to examine recent pre-clinical and clinical studies to understand how maternal probiotics exposure affects offspring health outcomes. Recent Findings Effects were investigated in the context of supporting offspring growth, intestinal health, and gut microbiota, preventing allergic diseases, supporting neurodevelopment, and preventing metabolic disorders in pre-clinical and clinical studies. Most human studies focused on infancy outcomes, whereas pre-clinical studies also examined outcomes at adolescence and young adulthood. While still understudied, both pre-clinical and clinical studies propose epigenetic modifications as an underlying mechanism. Optimal timing of intervention remains unclear. Summary Administration of selected probiotics to mothers has programming potential for sustaining life-long health of offspring. Administration protocols, specific windows of susceptibility, and individual-specific responses need to be further studied.
      PubDate: 2022-08-20
       
  • The Role of Betaine in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease: a Narrative
           Review

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review This narrative review aimed to explore the functions of betaine and discuss its role in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recent Findings Some studies on CKD animal models have shown the benefits of betaine supplementation, including decreased kidney damage, antioxidant recovery status, and decreased inflammation. Summary Betaine (N-trimethylglycine) is an N-trimethylated amino acid with an essential regulatory osmotic function. Moreover, it is a methyl donor and has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. Additionally, betaine has positive effects on intestinal health by regulating the osmolality and gut microbiota. Due to these crucial functions, betaine has been studied in several diseases, including CKD, in which betaine plasma levels decline with the progression of the disease. Low betaine levels are linked to increased kidney damage, inflammation, oxidative stress, and intestinal dysbiosis. Furthermore, betaine is considered an essential metabolite for identifying CKD stages.
      PubDate: 2022-07-06
      DOI: 10.1007/s13668-022-00426-z
       
  • Pregnancy as a Fundamental Determinant of Child Health: a Review

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Maternal conditions and exposures during pregnancy including over- and undernutrition are associated with poor childbirth outcomes, growth, development and chronic childhood diseases. We examined contemporary pregnancy-related determinants of child health. Recent Findings While maternal undernutrition remains a major contributor to low birth weight, maternal obesity affects foetal growth, birth weight, survival and is associated with childhood obesity, asthma and autistic spectrum disorders. Emerging evidence suggests that epigenetic changes, the prenatal microbiome and maternal immune activation (MIA), a neuroinflammatory process induced by diet and other exposures cause foetal programming resulting in these chronic childhood diseases. Summary Maternal diet is potentially a modifiable risk factor for controlling low birth weight, obesity and chronic disease in childhood. Further studies are warranted to refine guidance on dietary restriction and physical activity during pregnancy and determine how MIA and prenatal microbiota can be applied to control childhood diseases arising from programming.
      PubDate: 2022-07-05
      DOI: 10.1007/s13668-022-00416-1
       
  • The Underexplored Dimensions of Nutritional Hormesis

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Hormesis is biphasic response wherein low and high doses of chemical and nutrient confer beneficial and toxic effects respectively, typically in a U-shaped manner. Hormesis is intricately related to bioenergetic state of a cell, and therefore, nutrition impacts it. Excessive nutrition can halt the endogenous antioxidant synthesis leading to cytotoxic effects. While low and optimum doses of the same bring about hormetic stimulation that can exalt the antioxidant response and reduce susceptibility towards degenerative diseases. The sirtuin family of proteins is triggered by mild stress of calorie restriction and exerts hormesis. Similarly, several phytochemicals and micronutrients are known to bring about health benefits at optimum dose and deleterious effects at high doses. Despite this attribute, nutritional hormesis is not very well researched upon because the magnitude of hormetic effect observed is generally quite modest. There is no precise regulation of optimal intake of certain foods to witness hormesis and no characterization of any biomarker that reports stress responses at various doses above or below optimal intakes. There is a major gap in research between nutrition and hormesis being affected by sirtuin family of proteins, phytochemicals, and micronutrients. Recent Findings Mild stress of calorie restriction elevates sirtuin protein and effect of sirtuin protein on hormesis has been recently reported. Summary More foods that enhance sirtuin protein, phytochemicals, and micronutrients need to be explored in relation to hormesis and associated health benefits.
      PubDate: 2022-06-20
      DOI: 10.1007/s13668-022-00423-2
       
  • Prevalence and Determinants of the Double Burden of Malnutrition with a
           Focus on Concurrent Stunting and Overweight/Obesity in Children and
           Adolescents

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      Abstract: Purpose of the Review To determine the prevalence and determinants of concurrent stunting and overweight/obesity (CSO) in the same child or adolescent. Recent Findings After searching PubMed and the Web of Science, 26 articles comprised the prevalence and/or determinants of concurrent stunting and overweight/obesity. Summary Most of the articles were published from 2018 onwards. There is great variation in the prevalence of concurrent stunting and overweight/obesity across the globe. For children under five years the prevalence of CSO is higher among children under two years compared with those 2-<5 years. The main determinants of this condition appear to be associated with gender, age, and urban versus rural ones. Income varied greatly between studies. However, a few additional variables were mentioned including having a mother with a short stature, time of weaning, having an improved toilet facility, being dewormed in the past few months, and the level of education of the mother. 
      PubDate: 2022-06-18
      DOI: 10.1007/s13668-022-00417-0
       
  • Diet, Microbes, and Cancer Across the Tree of Life: a Systematic Review

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Cancers are a leading cause of death in humans and for many other species. Diet has often been associated with cancers, and the microbiome is an essential mediator between diet and cancers. Here, we review the work on cancer and the microbiome across species to search for broad patterns of susceptibility associated with different microbial species. Recent Findings Some microbes, such as Helicobacter bacteria, papillomaviruses, and the carnivore-associated Fusobacteria, consistently induce tumorigenesis in humans and other species. Other microbes, such as the milk-associated Lactobacillus, consistently inhibit tumorigenesis in humans and other species. Summary We systematically reviewed over a thousand published articles and identified links between diet, microbes, and cancers in several species of mammals, birds, and flies. Future work should examine a larger variety of host species to discover new model organisms for human preclinical trials, to better understand the observed variance in cancer prevalence across species, and to discover which microbes and diets are associated with cancers across species. Ultimately, this could help identify microbial and dietary interventions to diagnose, prevent, and treat cancers in humans as well as other animals.
      PubDate: 2022-06-15
      DOI: 10.1007/s13668-022-00420-5
       
  • A Review: Cereals on Modulating the Microbiota/Metabolome for Metabolic
           Health

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      Abstract: Purpose of Review Diet can modulate both the composition and functionality of the human gut microbiota. Cereals are rich in specific macro and functional elements that are considered important dietary components for maintaining human health; therefore, it is important to examine precise nutritional mechanism involved in exerting the health benefits via modulating gut microbiota. The purpose of this review is to summarize recent research on how different cereals in the diet can regulate the microbiota for health and disease. Recent Findings There is an increased interest in targeting the gut microbiome for the treatment of chronic diseases. Cereals can alter the gut microbiome and may improve energy and glucose homeostasis, interfere with host energy homeostasis, appetite, blood glucose regulation, insulin sensitivity, and regulation of host metabolism. However, more human research is necessary to confirm the beneficial health outcomes of cereals via modulating gut microbiota. Summary Cereals play an essential role in shaping the intestinal microbiota that contributes to exerting health effects on various diseases.
      PubDate: 2022-06-03
      DOI: 10.1007/s13668-022-00424-1
       
 
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