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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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Topics in Clinical Nutrition
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.17
Number of Followers: 19  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0883-5691 - ISSN (Online) 1550-5146
Published by LWW Wolters Kluwer Homepage  [330 journals]
  • From the Editor's Desk

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      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Oct 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • The Use of the RELiZORB Immobilized Lipase Cartridge in Enterally-Fed
           Children With Cystic Fibrosis: A Retrospective Case Series

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      Authors: Baghae Pour; Parasto; Gregg, Shannon; Coakley, Kathryn E.; Caffey, L. Francine; Cohen, Deborah; Myers, Orrin B.; Gonzales-Pacheco, Diana
      Abstract: imageThe objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the impact of the RELiZORB immobilized lipase cartridge with overnight enteral nutrition (EN) on body mass index (BMI) or weight-for-length percentile, stool quality, and gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms in children with cystic fibrosis (CF) and pancreatic insufficiency. Frequency of diarrhea, steatorrhea, and malodorous stools significantly decreased at final visit compared with baseline (P = .008, P = .004, P = .031, respectively). Improved BMI or weight-for-length percentile was observed in 10 out of 16 participants; however, the change was not significant. RELiZORB use decreased frequency of most GI symptoms in pediatric patients with CF on EN.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Oct 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Use and Attitudes Concerning Total Imported Dietary Supplements and Its
           Factors in Chinese Urban Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study

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      Authors: Yang; Chao; Wan, Min; Lu, Yifei; Xu, Dengfeng; Liu, Peipei; Sun, Guiju; Yang, Yuexin
      Abstract: imageThis online cross-sectional survey investigated the use of dietary supplements (DSs) in Chinese urban adults. A 50-item survey on DSs was administered to 8012 participants from March to May 2019. The usage rate of total DSs was 71.3% and 57.7% on imported DSs (IDSs). Approximately 53.7% of participants bought IDSs, and the most frequently used was vitamins (83.2%). The largest source of imported IDSs was the United States (55.8%). Multivariate analysis showed that more developed areas, women, those with a higher educational background, those with higher incomes, and those categorized as workers and staff members and retirees were more likely to have taken DSs.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Oct 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Influence of Vitamin D Consumption on Bone Mineral Density Among Saudi
           Women in Jeddah Not Taking Supplements

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      Authors: Hakim; Noor A.; Hussein, Khulood S.
      Abstract: imageThis cross-sectional study of 341 women in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, compared a 1-point-in-time vitamin D intake measurement assessed by the Semiquantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire with bone mineral density (BMD) at the lumbar spine and femur in pre- and post-menopausal women. Premenopausal women had significantly higher BMD at the lumbar spine and femur compared with postmenopausal women (P < .01). A significant positive association was seen between dietary vitamin D intake (95.5 ± 81.54 IU/day) and femur BMD at the trochanter (P < .05). Vitamin D intake of Saudi women is inadequate, suggesting the need for public health measures to promote improved nutrition in women and support an expansion of fortification programs.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Oct 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Mini Nutritional Assessment Score and Visceral Proteins as Potential
           Predictors of Pressure Injuries in Home Care Patients With Stroke

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      Authors: Yurt; Nur Simsek; Cubukcu, Mahcube
      Abstract: imageThis study aimed to determine the presence of pressure injuries and their severity based on Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) score and visceral protein levels in stroke patients receiving home care services. A case-control study was conducted in a case group with pressure injury (n = 54) and in a control group with no pressure injury (n = 54). The MNA scores and serum albumin and prealbumin values were significantly lower in the case group than in the control group (P < .001). There were also significant differences according to the pressure injury stages. Lower MNA score and low levels of serum albumin and prealbumin are associated with the presence of pressure injuries and increased severity of pressure injuries.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Oct 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Comparison of Various Predictive Energy Equations for Female University
           Students With Measured Basal Metabolic Rate: A Pilot Study

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      Authors: Meseri; Reci; Küçükerdönmez, Özge; Akder, Rana Nagihan
      Abstract: imageThe aim of this study was to compare basal metabolic rate (BMR) calculated with various equations and BMR measured using an indirect calorimeter. The study was carried out on second-year university female students (n = 48) with a body mass index of less than 30. Indirect calorimetry with a ventilated hood was accepted as the gold standard and 11 predictive equations were used. Among the equations, Mifflin-St Jeor had the highest correlation (r = 0.435), but Bernstein (66.7%) and Owen (56.3%) were the most accurate equations. According to Bland-Altman analysis, the lowest bias and the highest explanation were obtained with the Bernstein and Owen equations. More comprehensive studies are needed in different groups to develop new equations with higher accuracy.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Oct 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • The Benefit of Supplemental Vitamin E to Reduce Radiation-Induced Oral
           Side Effects in Head and Neck Cancer: A Review of the Literature

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      Authors: Lutes; Christine; Samavat, Hamed; Parker, Anna; Zelig, Rena
      Abstract: imageAntioxidant use during oncology treatment is controversial. Inconsistent research indicates that antioxidant supplementation can be both beneficial and harmful. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the recently published literature to determine whether oral supplementation with the antioxidant vitamin E is beneficial for reducing common side effects of radiation therapy in adults diagnosed with head and neck cancer. Three studies demonstrated supplementation can be effective in reducing side effects without compromising locoregional control, disease-free survival, or overall survival. Larger studies are needed to determine the optimal dose and duration of supplementation and the effectiveness of vitamin E as monotherapy.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Oct 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Impact of Prebiotics, Probiotics, and Synbiotics on Stool Output,
           Mortality, and Recovery in the Critically Ill: A Literature Review

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      Authors: Chin; Haley J.; Yu, Zhiping
      Abstract: imageThis study reviewed the research published between 2010 and 2020 on application and usage of prebiotics, probiotics, and synbiotics on stool output, mortality, and recovery in critically ill patients. A total of 15 articles were retrieved and 11 were identified for review. Among studies addressing stool output, 4 of 7 reported improved outcomes. No statistically significant effect of the intervention was seen in 5 studies addressing mortality. Concerning elements of recovery, positive evidence was seen in the areas of return to gut function, time on mechanical ventilation, time to ventilator weaning, and length of stay in intensive care unit and/or hospital.
      PubDate: Sat, 01 Oct 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
 
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