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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
Showing 1 - 64 of 64 Journals sorted alphabetically
Acta Portuguesa de Nutrição     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Advances in Digestive Medicine     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Advances in Eating Disorders : Theory, Research and Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Advances in Food and Nutrition Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 60)
Advances in Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 55)
African Journal of Biomedical Research     Open Access  
African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Aktuelle Ernährungsmedizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
American Journal of Botany     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 162)
American Journal of Food and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 46)
American Journal of Food Technology     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Amerta Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Amino Acids     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 52)
Annual Review of Food Science and Technology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Annual Review of Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 39)
Appetite     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Arab Journal of Nutrition and Exercise     Open Access  
Archive of Food and Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición     Open Access  
Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 10)
Asian Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Bangladesh Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Bioactive Carbohydrates and Dietary Fibre     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
BMC Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
BMJ Nutrition, Prevention & Health     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
British Journal Of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 91)
Cahiers de Nutrition et de Diététique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Food Studies / La Revue canadienne des études sur l'alimentation     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Case Reports in Clinical Nutrition     Open Access  
Childhood Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89)
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Clinical Nutrition Experimental     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Clinical Nutrition Insight     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Clinical Nutrition Open Science     Open Access  
Clinical Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Comparative Exercise Physiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Current Developments in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Current Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Current Nutrition Reports     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Current Research in Nutrition and Food Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
DEMETRA : Alimentação, Nutrição & Saúde     Open Access  
Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 48)
Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 23)
Ecology of Food and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Egyptian Journal of Obesity, Diabetes and Endocrinology     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Endocrinología, Diabetes y Nutrición (English Edition)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Ernährung & Medizin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
European Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 74)
European Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
European Journal of Nutrition & Food Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food & Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 34)
Food and Environmental Virology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Food and Foodways: Explorations in the History and Culture of     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Food and Health     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food and Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Food and Waterborne Parasitology     Open Access  
Food Digestion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Food Frontiers     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Food Hydrocolloids for Health     Open Access  
Food Quality and Safety     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Food Science & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 59)
Food, Culture and Society: An International Journal of Multidisciplinary Research     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Frontiers in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Functional Foods in Health and Disease     Open Access  
Gazi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi     Open Access  
Genes & Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Hacettepe University Faculty of Health Sciences Journal     Open Access  
Human Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Indian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Indonesian Food and Nutrition Progress     Open Access  
International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity     Open Access   (Followers: 30)
International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Eating Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
International Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Engineering     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
International Journal of Gastroenterology, Hepatology, Transplant and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 23)
International Journal of Nutrition, Pharmacology, Neurological Diseases     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
International Journal of Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 90)
International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 83)
Journal of Advanced Nutrition and Human Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Dietary Supplements     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Eating Disorders     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Ethnic Foods     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food & Nutritional Disorders     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Food and Nutrition Research     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Food Chemistry and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Food Science and Nutrition Therapy     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Medical Nutrition and Nutraceuticals     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medicinal Herbs and Ethnomedicine     Open Access  
Journal of Muscle Foods     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Nutraceuticals and Herbal Medicine     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal of Nutrition & Intermediary Metabolism     Open Access  
Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 16)
Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Nutrition in Gerontology and Geriatrics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Nutrition, Health and Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Journal of Nutritional & Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Nutritional Disorders & Therapy     Open Access  
Journal of Nutritional Ecology and Food Research     Full-text available via subscription  
Journal of Nutritional Science     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Obesity     Open Access   (Followers: 24)
Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN)     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal of Pharmacy and Nutrition Sciences     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Renal Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Journal of Renal Nutrition and Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Sensory Studies     Hybrid Journal  
Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 60)
Journal of the American College of Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of the Australasian College of Nutritional and Environmental Medicine     Full-text available via subscription  
Jurnal Gizi dan Dietetik Indonesia : Indonesian Journal of Nutrition and Dietetics     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Gizi Indonesia / The Indonesian Journal of Nutrition     Open Access  
Jurnal Gizi Klinik Indonesia     Open Access  
Jurnal Penelitian Gizi dan Makanan     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Jurnal Riset Kesehatan     Open Access  
La Ciencia al Servicio de la Salud y Nutrición     Open Access  
Lifestyle Genomics     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Lifestyle Journal     Open Access  
Maternal & Child Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Médecine & Nutrition     Full-text available via subscription  
Media Gizi Indonesia     Open Access  
Metabolism and Nutrition in Oncology     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Molecular Nutrition & Food Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
NFS Journal     Open Access  
Nigerian Food Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Nigerian Journal of Nutritional Sciences     Full-text available via subscription  
npj Science of Food     Open Access  
Nutrición Hospitalaria     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrients     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Nutrire     Hybrid Journal  
Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 21)
Nutrition & Dietetics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 30)
Nutrition & Food Science     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Nutrition & Diabetes     Open Access   (Followers: 20)
Nutrition & Metabolism     Open Access   (Followers: 15)
Nutrition - Science en évolution     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition and Cancer     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition and Dietary Supplements     Open Access   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Nutrition and Metabolic Insights     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Nutrition Bulletin     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Nutrition Bytes     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Nutrition in Clinical Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 43)
Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 11)
Nutrition Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Nutrition Research Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutrition Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Nutrition Today     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Nutritional Neuroscience : An International Journal on Nutrition, Diet and Nervous System     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 56)
Obesity Facts     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Obesity Reviews     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
Oil Crop Science     Open Access  
Open Food Science Journal     Open Access  
Open Nutrition Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Open Obesity Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Pediatric Obesity     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Perspectivas en Nutrición Humana     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
PharmaNutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Plant Foods for Human Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Plant Production Science     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Proceedings of the Nutrition Society     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Progress in Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Public Health Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
RBNE - Revista Brasileira de Nutrição Esportiva     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
RBONE - Revista Brasileira de Obesidade, Nutrição e Emagrecimento     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Chilena de Nutricion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Revista Española de Nutrición Humana y Dietética     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Revista Mexicana de Trastornos Alimentarios     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Revista Salud Pública y Nutrición     Open Access  
Segurança Alimentar e Nutricional     Open Access  
South African Journal of Clinical Nutrition     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
The Australian Coeliac     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Topics in Clinical Nutrition     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
UNICIÊNCIAS     Open Access  
Universal Journal of Food and Nutrition Science     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
World Food Policy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)

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Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.331
Citation Impact (citeScore): 2
Number of Followers: 3  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1178-6388
Published by Sage Publications Homepage  [1174 journals]
  • Time to Recovery and Determinants of Uncomplicated Severe Acute
           Malnutrition Among 6 to 59 Months Children From the Outpatient Therapeutic
           Feeding Program in North Shewa Zone of Oromia Region, Ethiopia: A
           Prospective Follow-up Study

    • Authors: Amare Bekalu, Degemu Sahlu, Addisu Waleligne Tadesse, Biachew Asmare, Yidersail Hune, Bayou Tilahun
      Abstract: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights, Volume 15, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Background:Community-based management of acute malnutrition is implementing in Ethiopia but there is scarce information in our study set up regarding the time to recovery and its predictors of severe acute malnutrition among 6 to 59 months children, so this study aimed to assess the time to recovery and its predictors for uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition among 6 to 59 children managed at the outpatient therapeutic program in north Shewa zone, Ethiopia.Methods:A health post-based prospective follow-up study was conducted on 6 to 59 months children from November 20/2020 to February 20/2021. A total of 423 children had included in the study. A structured interviewer-administered questionnaire had used. The median time to recovery had calculated using the Kaplan-Meier curve. Bi-variable and multi-variable Cox regression models with a 95% confidence interval (CI) were done. Finally, the variable that had a P-value 
      Citation: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
      PubDate: 2022-06-20T06:27:34Z
      DOI: 10.1177/11786388221106984
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2022)
       
  • The Interaction Between Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity and MC4R Gene
           and HOMA-IR in Metabolically Healthy and Unhealthy Overweight and Obese
           Women

    • Authors: Maryam ElhamKia, Leila Setayesh, Habib Yarizadeh, Sara Pooyan, Zahra Veisy, Vajihe Aghamohammadi, Krista Casazza, Khadijeh Mirzaei
      Abstract: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights, Volume 15, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Introduction:The current prevalence of the metabolically healthy obesity is about 3%. Genetic and nutrition are influencers of such phenotypes. The main goal of this study was to assess the interaction between Dietary Total Antioxidant Capacity (DTAC) and the genotypes of MC4R and Insulin resistance in metabolically healthy/unhealthy overweight and obese women in Iran.Material And Methods:This cross-sectional study was conducted on 237 overweight-obese women with a mean age of 36. The value of Dietary total antioxidant capacity (DTAC) was calculated using the following indices: Total reactive antioxidant potential (TRAP), Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC), and ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP). The Metabolic health status was evaluated using the Karelis criteria. Melanocortin 4 receptor single nucleotide polymorphisms were determined by the restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method. Also, insulin resistance was evaluated through homeostasis model assessment (HOMA).Result:Our data noted that 72.96% of participants presented Unhealthy Metabolically and 26.94% Healthy Metabolically including 33.5% of the total had T/T genotype, 23.8% had the C/T genotype, and 42.5% had the C/C genotype (P = .05). A linear regression model test showed that the probability of metabolically healthy obesity was significantly higher in patients with the T/C genotype. The test value was statistically significant (95% CI: 0.000-0.001; P = .056, β = 0). No statistically significant relation was observed between study parameters and DTAC values. HOMA-Index was higher in all unhealthy subjects significantly.Conclusions:The findings indicated that there are significant associations between genotypes of rs1333048 SNP and DTAC. The C/C genotype subjects with higher DTAC had a better lipid profile and were metabolically healthier.
      Citation: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
      PubDate: 2022-06-17T06:04:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/11786388221105984
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2022)
       
  • Anemia and Associated Factors Among Lactating Women in Sierra Leone: An
           Analysis of the Sierra Leone Demographic and Health Survey 2019

    • Authors: Ivan Kato Arinda, Quraish Sserwanja, Kassim Kamara, David Mukunya, Napyo Agnes, Nsubuga Edirisa Juniour, Nuwahereza Christinah, Anitah Kagali, Seungwon Lee
      Abstract: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights, Volume 15, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Background:Anemia is a condition in which hemoglobin (Hb) concentration and/or red blood cell (RBC) numbers are lower than normal and insufficient to meet an individual’s physiological needs. The prevalence of anemia among women of reproductive age is high in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), including Sierra Leone. However, data on anemia among lactating women in Sierra Leone are scarce. Therefore, this study was conducted to estimate the prevalence of anemia and determine its associated factors among lactating women in Sierra Leone.Methods:The 2019 Sierra Leone Demographic and Health Survey (SLDH) data were used of which 1543 lactating women aged 15 to 49 years old had hemoglobin measurements. Multistage stratified sampling was used to select study participants and data were collected using validated questionnaires. Multivariate binary logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with anemia among lactating women in Sierra Leone.Results:The general prevalence of anemia among lactating women in Sierra Leone was 52.9% (95% CI = 50.9-55.8). Almost a quarter, 23.8% (95% CI = 22.1-26.3) of the lactating women had mild anemia, 27.4% (95% CI = 25.3-29.7) had moderate anemia and 1.7% (95% CI = 1.1-2.5) had severe anemia. The use of modern contraceptives (aOR = 1.64, 95% CI = 1.09-2.47), not being visited by a field worker in the past year (aOR = 1.51, 95% CI = 1.12-2.03) and being Muslim (aOR = 1.46, 95% CI = 1.11-1.91), were associated with higher odds of being anemic. Being given and having bought iron supplements during pregnancy (aOR = 0.46, 95% CI = 0.25-0.87) was associated with less odds of being anemic.Conclusion:More than half of the lactating mothers in our study were anemic. The risk factors for anemia in our study included: use of modern contraceptives, not being visited by a field worker in the past year and being Muslim. Receiving iron supplements during pregnancy was protective against anemia. According to the results from this study, the recommendation for lactating women was to maintain routine interface with the healthcare system which includes being visited by a field worker who should prescribe and issue iron supplements to them. Lactating women especially Muslims should receive routine nutrition education by the health workers at the health facilities during antenatal care visits or postnatal care in regard to anemia and means of prevention and treatment. Community stakeholders should also work in collaboration to establish scalable methods to correctly identify pregnant women with risk factors, inform them about anemia with caution, and apply appropriate measures as trained or instructed
      Citation: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
      PubDate: 2022-06-17T06:02:45Z
      DOI: 10.1177/11786388221105732
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2022)
       
  • Evenness of Dietary Protein Intake Is Positively Associated with Lean Mass
           and Strength in Healthy Women

    • Authors: Nathaniel R Johnson, Christopher J Kotarsky, Sean J Mahoney, Bailee C Sawyer, Kara A Stone, Wonwoo Byun, Kyle J Hackney, Steven Mitchell, Sherri N Stastny
      Abstract: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights, Volume 15, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Background:Evenness of protein intake is associated with increased lean mass, but its relationship with muscle strength and performance is uncertain.Objectives:We determined the association of evenness of protein intake with lean mass, muscle strength and endurance, and functional ability.Design:This was a cross-sectional study.Setting:Data were collected at a research university in the upper midwestern United States.Participants:One hundred ninety-two healthy women, aged 18 to 79 years, mean ± SEM 41.9 ± 1.3, completed the study.Measurements:Dietary intake was assessed using 3-day food diaries verified with food frequency questionnaires. To assess evenness of protein intake, the day was divided into 3 periods: waking to 11:30, 11:31 to 16:30, and after 16:30. Lean mass was measured with dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Lower-body muscle strength and endurance were determined using isokinetic dynamometry. Upper-body muscle strength was maximal handgrip strength. Functional ability was assessed using 6-m gait speed and 30-second chair stand tests. Accelerometry measured physical activity.Results:Intakes of 25 g or more of protein at 1 or more of the 3 periods was positively associated with lean mass (β ± S.E.; 1.067 ± 0.273 kg, P 
      Citation: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
      PubDate: 2022-06-17T06:00:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/11786388221101829
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2022)
       
  • Examining the Benefits of Digitally Selectable Meals Called “À La Carte
           Digital-Select” in Cancer Chemotherapy Patients

    • Authors: Takashi Aoyama
      Abstract: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights, Volume 15, Issue , January-December 2022.
      We explored the benefits of a digitized bedside terminal with a touchscreen for selectable hospital meals called “à la carte digital-select” in cancer chemotherapy patients. The subjects used “à la carte digital-select” for 35 days, from November to December 2015. On average, 253 (between 196 and 288) patients accessed this system per day, and 40 patients used it daily (15.9%). Subjects included 75 patients (cancer chemotherapy: chem-digital-select patients, female: 47) and 12 patients (concurrent chemo radiotherapy: CRT-digital-select patients, female: 6) with a repeat rate of 87% (65) and 100% (12). The average length of hospital stay in chem-digital-select patients was 6 days (1-35), the average number of days using “à la carte digital-select” was 3 days (1-24); a correlation was observed between these factors (r = .80; P 
      Citation: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
      PubDate: 2022-05-17T07:00:56Z
      DOI: 10.1177/11786388221098507
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2022)
       
  • Nutritional Status of Postpartum Mothers and Associated Risk Factors in
           Shey-Bench District, Bench-Sheko Zone, Southwest Ethiopia: A Community
           Based Cross-Sectional Study

    • Authors: Asresash Sebeta, Abel Girma, Rediet Kidane, Eyob Tekalign, Dessalegn Tamiru
      Abstract: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights, Volume 15, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Background:Malnutrition affects millions of people in developing countries and contributes to poor health outcomes and nutritional status among women in the postpartum period. Lactation increases high nutritional demands and marks a significant life transition that can impact diet quality and subsequently predispose woman to high risk of overweight and undernutrition. Although, studies have been conducted on the nutritional status of lactating women, there is a gap especially on women’s nutritional status during the postpartum period. Therefore, this study aimed to assess the nutritional status of postpartum women and associated factors in Shey-Bench District, Bench-Sheko Zone, Southwest Ethiopia, 2020.Method:A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted in Shey-Bench District from March 1 to 30/2020 among 359 postpartum mothers. Bivariate analysis was employed to select candidate variables at P-value
      Citation: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
      PubDate: 2022-04-25T06:20:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/11786388221088243
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2022)
       
  • Lifestyle Modification Practice and Associated Factors Among Diagnosed
           Hypertensive Patients in Selected Hospitals in Central Gondar Zone

    • Authors: Moges Smachew, Melkitu Fentie Melak, Azeb Atenafu, Aysheshim Kassahun Belew
      Abstract: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights, Volume 15, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Background:Hypertension is one of the leading causes of disability and death in both developed and developing countries including Ethiopia. Non-communicable diseases account for 42% of deaths in Ethiopia. However, it is still widely undetected and poorly controlled. Hence, this study aims to assess the lifestyle modification practices and related factors of adult hypertensive patients in the central Gondar region of northwestern Ethiopia.Methods:Institutional based, cross-sectional study was conducted from April 10 up to May 10, 2021. A simple random sampling was used to select 629 study participants. Data were collected by using self-administered and structured questionnaire. Data were entered to EpiData 4.6 and exported to SPSS 20 for further analysis. A multivariable logistic regression analysis was employed to identify the factors associated with lifestyle modification. Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) with 95% confidence interval was used to show the strength of association, while a P-value
      Citation: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
      PubDate: 2022-03-23T01:25:31Z
      DOI: 10.1177/11786388221088245
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2022)
       
  • Myriocin Treatment Reverses Alcohol-Induced Alterations in Polyunsaturated
           Fatty Acid-Containing Phospholipid Expression in the Liver

    • Authors: Emine B Yalcin, Ming Tong, Camilla Homans, Suzanne M de la Monte
      Abstract: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights, Volume 15, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Chronic heavy alcohol exposure causes steatohepatitis manifested by abnormal intra-hepatocyte accumulation of lipid and parenchymal inflammation. Attendant alterations in polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA)-containing phospholipids could cause alcoholic liver disease (ALD) to progress by promoting oxidative stress, inflammation, and fibrogenesis. Previously we showed that myriocin, a serine palmitoyltransferase inhibitor, ameliorates experimental alcohol-induced steatohepatitis. However, the surprising overall therapeutic responses suggested that myriocin’s targets may go beyond sphingolipids. To this end, the present study examines the effects of myriocin on hepatic composition of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)- and arachidonic acid (AA)-containing phospholipids in an experimental model of ALD. A chronic+binge ethanol exposure model was generated by feeding Long Evans rats with ethanol-containing diets (24% caloric content) for 8 weeks and simultaneously binge gavage administering 2 g/kg ethanol on Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays during Weeks 6-8. Myriocin was administered by i.p. injection on Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays of Weeks 3-8. Control rats were studied in parallel. Upon euthanasia, the livers were harvested to examine ethanol- and/or myriocin-modulation of hepatic lipids using matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization imaging mass spectrometry (MALDI-IMS). Results were analyzed statistically by two-way analysis of variance and depicted with data bar plots and heatmaps. Chronic+binge ethanol exposures significantly increased hepatic expression of AA-containing phospholipids including PE(36:4) (P = .005), PE(38:4) (P = .03), and PI(38:4) (P = .04) and reduced DHA-containing phospholipids including PS(40:6) (P = .03) and PE(40:6) (P = .04) relative to control. Myriocin partially reversed ethanol’s effects on hepatic PUFA expression by decreasing PE(36:4) (P = .004) and increasing PS(40:6) (P = .04) and PI(40:6) (P = .0003) relative to ethanol-exposed rats. Ethanol-mediated alterations in hepatic PUFA-containing phospholipids may contribute to hepatic oxidative and inflammatory injury by increasing AA and fibrogenesis by inhibiting DHA. The results suggest that Myriocin may help reduce or prevent long-term and progressive liver injury stemming from excessive chronic+binge ethanol consumption.
      Citation: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
      PubDate: 2022-02-28T09:39:24Z
      DOI: 10.1177/11786388221082012
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2022)
       
  • Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid Composition in Breast Milk Plasma of
           HIV-infected and Uninfected Mothers in Relation to Infant Clinical
           Outcomes

    • Authors: Lucy Mabaya, Hilda Tendisa Matarira, Donald Moshen Tanyanyiwa, Cuthbert Musarurwa, Johannes Mukwembi, Taona Emmah Mudluli, Tatenda Marera
      Abstract: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights, Volume 15, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Background:The increased coverage of prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) services has significantly reduced paediatric HIV infection incidence. The aim of the study was to compare breast milk omega-6 and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid profiles of HIV infected and uninfected mothers and determine the association between fatty acid profiles and postnatal transmission of HIV, morbidity/mortality of HIV exposed and unexposed infants.Methods:A prospective cohort study of 57 HIV infected and 57 HIV uninfected lactating mothers was conducted in Gweru, Zimbabwe from July 2019 to March 2020. The women’s 114 babies (term and preterm) were also enrolled and stratified by HIV exposure and infection status. The mother-infant pairs were followed up at 6 weeks, 16 weeks and 6 months postpartum to determine, HIV transmission rate, breast milk polyunsaturated fatty acid profiles as well as infant clinical outcomes.Results:The mean breast milk docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) levels in HIV uninfected mothers (0.82 ± 0.92; 0.47 ± 0.75 μg/ml respectively) at 6 weeks postpartum were significantly higher compared to those of HIV infected mothers (0.33 ± 0.32; 0.08 ± 0.14 μg/ml) respectively. The same pattern was observed at 16 weeks postpartum in terms of DHA and EPA mean concentration. However, the arachidonic acid (AA) levels and AA/DHA ratio measured at 6 weeks postpartum were significantly higher in HIV infected mothers (2.31 ± 2.01; 17.18 ± 52.47 respectively) compared to HIV uninfected mothers (0.82 ± 0.54; 9.71 ± 21.80; P 
      Citation: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
      PubDate: 2022-02-08T05:14:27Z
      DOI: 10.1177/11786388211072768
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2022)
       
  • Sugar-Free Dark Chocolate Consumption Results in Lower Blood Glucose in
           Adults With Diabetes

    • Authors: Barbara Oliveira, Kaja Falkenhain, Jonathan P Little
      Abstract: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights, Volume 15, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Diabetes is characterized by an impaired ability to appropriately control blood glucose. Postprandial hyperglycemia, in particular, is associated with complications in people with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and type 2 diabetes (T2D). The objective of this study was to determine how sugar-free dark chocolate sweetened with stevia, erythritol, and inulin impacts postprandial blood glucose levels in individuals with diabetes compared to conventional dark chocolate. In a randomized crossover design, 13 participants consumed 1 bar (34 g) of sugar-free dark chocolate or 1 bar (34 g) of conventional dark chocolate with glucose levels measured before and throughout a 120-min postprandial period. The incremental area under the curve (iAUC) was lower after the consumption of sugar-free dark chocolate (−65%, P = .04) compared to conventional dark chocolate. No significant differences between chocolates were found for peak glucose value above baseline, the total area under the curve, or peak glucose values. Our results suggest that a sugar-free dark chocolate bar sweetened with stevia, erythritol and inulin led to a lower blood glucose iAUC compared to the conventional dark chocolate bar in people with diabetes, whilst longer-term effects on glucose control remain to be determined.
      Citation: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
      PubDate: 2022-02-07T09:11:25Z
      DOI: 10.1177/11786388221076962
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2022)
       
  • Determinants of Early Initiation of Breastfeeding in West Belessa
           District, Northwest Ethiopia

    • Authors: Desalew Degu Ayalew, Belayneh Ayanaw Kassie, Melkamu Tamir Hunegnaw, Kassahun Alemu Gelaye, Aysheshim Kassahun Belew
      Abstract: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights, Volume 15, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Background:The world is now suffering from malnutrition and remains one of the leading causes of death for under 5 children. Children from developing countries, including Ethiopia also suffer from undernutrition due to suboptimal breastfeeding practice. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the EIBF practices and determinants among children aged less than 24 months in West Belessa district, Northwest Ethiopia, 2019.Methods:A community-based cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2 to February 28, 2019 in the West Belessa district. A total of 569 mother-children pairs were participated in the study. Study particnapants were selected by using simple random sampling technique. The data were collected by an interviewer-administered structured questionnaire. Data were entered and analyzed by using Epi-Info version 7 and SPPS version 20, respectively. Bi-variable and Multivariable logistic regression analysis were done. Odds ratio with 95% confidence was done to determine the level of significance value less than .05 considered as significant with the outcome variable.Result:The prevalence of early initiation of breastfeeding (EIBF) was found to be 77.7 % (95%CI, 74.3-81.0). Age of the mother (AOR = 2.76, 95%CI [1.21, 6.27]), antenatal care (ANC) (AOR = 3.79, 95%CI [2.58, 9.94]), and number of antenatal care visit (AOR = 1.85, 95%CI [1.03, 3.85]) were significantly associated with early initiation of breastfeeding.Conclusion and Recommendation:In this study, more than three fourth of children were received early initiation of breastfeeding within 1 hour after delivery. Age of the mother, antenatal, and number of antenatal care were associated with EIBF. Therefore, during this contact period, improve antenatal services by increasing accessibility and providing counseling is important to improve EIBF utilization.
      Citation: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
      PubDate: 2022-01-08T09:38:52Z
      DOI: 10.1177/11786388211065221
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2022)
       
  • Modulation of Human Hydrogen Sulfide Metabolism by Micronutrients,
           Preliminary Data

    • Authors: Maurizio Dattilo, Carolina Fontanarosa, Michele Spinelli, Vittorio Bini, Angela Amoresano
      Abstract: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights, Volume 15, Issue , January-December 2022.
      Background:Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a pivotal gasotransmitter networking with nitric oxide (NO) and carbon monoxide (CO) to regulate basic homeostatic functions. It is released by the alternative pathways of transulfuration by the enzymes Cystathionine Beta Synthase (CBS) and Cystathionine Gamma Lyase (CSE), and by Cysteine AminoTransferase (CAT)/ 3-Mercaptopyruvate Sulfur Transferase (3MPST). A non-enzymatic, intravascular release is also in place. We retrospectively investigated the possibility to modulate the endogenous H2S release and signaling in humans by a dietary manipulation with supplemented micronutrients (L-cystine, Taurine and pyridoxal 5-phopsphate/P5P).Methods:Patients referring for antiaging purposes underwent a 10-day supplementation. Blood was collected at baseline and after treatment and the metabolome was investigated by mass spectrometry to monitor the changes in the metabolites reporting on H2S metabolism and related pathways.Results:Data were available from 6 middle aged subjects (2 women). Micronutrients increased 3-mercaptopyruvate (P = .03), reporting on the activity of CAT that provides the substrate for H2S release within mitochondria by 3MPST, decreased lanthionine (P = .024), reporting the release of H2S from CBS, and had no significant effect of H2S release from CSE. This is compatible with a homeostatic balancing. We also recorded a strong increase of reporters of H2S-induced pathways including 5-MethylTHF (P = .001) and SAME (P = .022), reporting on methylation capacity, and of BH4 (P = .021) and BH2 (P = .028) reporting on nitric oxide metabolism. These activations may be explained by the concomitant induction of non-enzymatic release of H2S.Conclusions:Although the current evidences are weak and will need to be confirmed, the effect of micronutrients was compatible with an increase of the H2S endogenous release and signaling within the control of homeostatic mechanisms, further endorsing the role of feeding in health and disease. These effects might result in a H2S boosting effect in case of defective activity of pathologic origin, which should be checked in duly designed clinical trials.
      Citation: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
      PubDate: 2022-01-07T10:24:55Z
      DOI: 10.1177/11786388211065372
      Issue No: Vol. 15 (2022)
       
 
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