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  Subjects -> NUTRITION AND DIETETICS (Total: 201 journals)
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Nutrition Today
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.32
Citation Impact (citeScore): 1
Number of Followers: 14  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0029-666X - ISSN (Online) 1538-9839
Published by LWW Wolters Kluwer Homepage  [297 journals]
  • Nutrition 2022: Register Now for the June Event and Learn About the New
           Year-Round Experience!

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      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Newsbreaks

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      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • MOVERS AND SHAKERS

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      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Bariatric Surgery: A Double-Edged Sword

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      Authors: Ranjit; Rajesh; Alexandrovna Lapik, Irina; Minkailovna Gapparova, Kamilat; Vladimirovich Galchenko, Alexey
      Abstract: imageToday, bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment of obesity. Restrictive surgeries are aimed at reducing the volume of the stomach. Such operations have the least adverse effects in terms of the physiology of digestion. However, they are less effective in losing weight. Mixed operations (gastric bypass surgery, biliopancreatic diversion) decrease the volume of the stomach and the length of the small intestine. Mixed operations tend to provide more pronounced results in a short time. However, by seriously disrupting the digestion and absorption of the food, they may result in severe micronutrient deficiencies. The assimilation of lipophilic substances is severely impaired as the biliopancreatic system is almost disconnected from the digestive tract. Furthermore, the assimilations of not only fats and essential fatty acids but also all fat-soluble vitamins are interrupted. In most cases, these patients need to take high-dose micronutrient supplements for their whole life. Usually, deficiencies of vitamins A, D, E, C, and vitamins of group B, especially B1, B6, B12, niacin, and folate, as well as iron, calcium, phosphate, magnesium, zinc, copper, and selenium, are found after operations. Restrictive operations, although less traumatic for the digestive system, significantly disrupt the digestion and absorption of nutrients, especially those in which the stomach plays a significant role in its digestion. These are proteins, folate, niacin, vitamin B12, iron, and copper. Bariatric surgical procedures are like a double-edged sword. They can be highly effective in the treatment of obesity and related complications; nevertheless, they are surgeries with serious potential for complications.
      PubDate: Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Nutrition Care Process of Surgical Patients in the Context of Enhanced
           Recovery After Surgery: A Practical Guideline

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      Authors: Khalooeifard; Razieh; Alemrajabi, Mahdi; Yazdani, Saeed Oraee; Hosseini, Saeed
      Abstract: imageDietitians and nutritionists play a key role in optimizing the nutritional status of the patients before and after performing surgery. The importance of nutrition is often overlooked because health professionals lack knowledge about nutritional problems, structured protocols for cooperation between surgeons and clinical nutritionists do not exist, dedicated resources are lacking, and preoperative and postoperative nutrition care protocols have not been disseminated. The purpose of this review is to describe various nutrition care guidelines for use during preoperative and postoperative periods for surgical patients to enhance recovery after surgery based on a review of the literature. It should help nutritionists and surgeons to make appropriate decisions on the management during preoperative and postoperative care, as well as facilitating the understanding and application of medical nutrition therapy.
      PubDate: Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Doris Howes Calloway: A Pioneer in Human Nutrition Research

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      Authors: King; Janet C.; Kretsch, Molly J.; Butte, Nancy F.; Murphy, Suzanne P.; Yates, Allison A.; Blackburn, Mary L.
      Abstract: imageAlthough the importance of diet quality was identified more than 120 years ago, it was nearly 60 years before the specific quantitative nutrient needs for humans were determined. Dr Doris Howes Calloway, a nutrition professor at the University of California in Berkeley, established a metabolic unit for studying human nutrient requirements. This article reviews the early origins of human nutrition research and the unique contributions of Dr Calloway worldwide.
      PubDate: Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Effects of Protein and Amino Acid Supplementation on Muscle Mass and
           Strength in a Healthy Population

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      Authors: Jibril; Aliyu Tijani; Jayedi, Ahmad; Ghorbaninejad, Parivash; Mohammadpour, Saba; Djafarian, Kurosh; Clark, Cain C. T.; Shab-Bidar, Sakineh
      Abstract: imageThe objective of this study was to investigate the effect of protein and/or amino acid supplementation on muscle mass and strength in a healthy population. A structured literature search was conducted from database inception up to October 23, 2019, using PubMed and Scopus. Data were collected from randomized controlled trials and weighted mean difference, and its 95% confidence interval was calculated by using a random-effects model. Risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane tool. Data were included from 46 randomized controlled trials, totaling 2049 participants. Protein but not amino acid supplementation resulted in significant positive effects on muscle mass (weighted mean difference, 0.47 kg; 95% confidence interval, 0.18-0.75 kg; P < .001) and upper body strength. The significant effect of protein supplementation on muscle mass persisted in the subgroups with and without resistance training, in young (
      PubDate: Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Does Maternal Nutrition Have Any Impact on Sex Ratio at Birth in Animal
           and Human Studies'

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      Authors: Aoun; Antoine; Ghanem, Charbel; Hamod, Natacha; Darwish, Fatima; Ghemrawi, Sarah; Al Hayek, Sibelle
      Abstract: imageThe sex ratio at birth (SRB) is the ratio of male-to-female births. This ratio is slightly skewed toward males (about 105 males to 100 females). However, several studies mostly in experimental animals have raised the question of whether the sex ratio in humans may be modified by certain nutritional and nonnutritional factors. The aim of this literature review is to explore the influence of maternal nutritional factors on sex ratio at birth in various animals and humans. We used Google Scholar, Research Gate, ProQuest, Scopus, Cochrane, and PubMed databases to collect appropriate articles for the review without limiting the publication period. Of the different nutritional approaches in animals the most frequent manipulations are controlling the energy intake and, to a lesser extent, the composition of the diet in terms of macronutrients and micronutrients is most likely to influence the sex ratio at birth in animals. The data on these factors affecting sex ratio at birth are sparse and offer little promise of influencing sex at birth in humans.
      PubDate: Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
  • Bariatric Surgery: A Double Edged Sword

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      Abstract: No abstract available
      PubDate: Sun, 01 May 2022 00:00:00 GMT-
       
 
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