Subjects -> RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (Total: 845 journals)
    - BUDDHIST (14 journals)
    - EASTERN ORTHODOX (1 journals)
    - HINDU (6 journals)
    - ISLAMIC (179 journals)
    - JUDAIC (23 journals)
    - OTHER DENOMINATIONS AND SECTS (4 journals)
    - PROTESTANT (21 journals)
    - RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (564 journals)
    - ROMAN CATHOLIC (33 journals)

RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (564 journals)                  1 2 3     

Showing 1 - 197 of 197 Journals sorted alphabetically
'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de las Religiones     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Acta Patristica et Byzantina     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Theologica     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Acta Universitatis Carolinae Theologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Addin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in the Study of Information and Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
AJS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Al-Adyan     Open Access  
al-Afkar : Journal For Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Al-Masaq: Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Albertus Magnus     Open Access  
Aleph Historical Studies in Science and Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Alue ja Ympäristö     Open Access  
Amasya Theology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Theology & Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analecta Bollandiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Andrews University Seminary Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Andrews University Seminary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Canonici     Open Access  
Annales Missiologici Posnanienses     Open Access  
Annali di Scienze Religiose     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the University of Bucharest : Philosophy Series     Open Access  
Annuaire de l'Ecole pratique des hautes etudes. Section des sciences religieuses     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antiquite Tardive     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Anuario de Historia de la Iglesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ANZTLA EJournal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Apocrypha     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Approaching Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Arabic Sciences and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archiv für Religionsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Artuklu Akademi     Open Access  
Arys: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asbury Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Philosophy: An International Journal of the Philosophical Traditions of the East     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Augustinian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Augustinianum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Religion Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Baha'l Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Berliner Theologische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bible Translator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biblica et Patristica Thoruniensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Bijdragen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Black Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Buddhist Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Buddhist-Christian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin d’études Orientales     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin for the Study of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Caderno Teológico da PUCPR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers d’études du religieux     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d’études du religieux. Recherches interdisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Caminhando     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Catholic Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chôra : Revue d’Études Anciennes et Médiévales - philosophie, théologie, sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Christian Education Journal : Research on Educational Ministry     Hybrid Journal  
Christian Perspectives in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Christian Spirituality and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Church History : Studies in Christianity and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Church, Communication and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Religión/Ciências Sociais e Religião     Open Access  
Clotho     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Comparative Islamic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Conciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Conservative Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Islam     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Contemporary Islamic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Contemporary Jewry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conversations In Religion & Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Covenant Quarterly     Open Access  
Critical Research on Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Crosscurrents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuestiones Teológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cultural Encounters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Culture and Religion: An Interdisciplinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Currents in Biblical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Dansk Teologisk Tidsskrift     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Dansk Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Der Islam     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diaconia : Journal for the Study of Christian Social Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diakrisis Yearbook of Theology and Philosophy     Open Access  
Dialog: a Journal of Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Dialogue - A Journal of Mormon Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Die Kerkblad     Full-text available via subscription  
DIN : Tidsskrift for religion og kultur     Open Access  
Dini Araştırmalar / Journal of Religious Studies     Open Access  
Dios y el Hombre     Open Access  
Doctor virtualis     Open Access  
Downside Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
e-Makalat Mezhep Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
e-Theologos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
EarthSong Journal: Perspectives in Ecology, Spirituality and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ecclesia : Studia z Dziejów Wielkopolski     Open Access  
Ecclesiastical Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
El-Hikmah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eleutheria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Entangled Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Epistemology & Philosophy of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Estudios Eclesiásticos. Revista teológica de investigación e información     Open Access  
Estudos de Religião     Open Access  
Estudos Teológicos     Open Access  
ET-Studies : Journal of the European Society for Catholic Theology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Études d’histoire religieuse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Journal for Church and State Research - Revue européenne des relations Églises-État     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
European Journal for the Study of Thomas Aquinas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Evangelische Theologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Expository Times     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Extrême-Orient Extrême-Occident     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Faith and Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fieldwork in Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Filosofia Theoretica : Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Forum Exegese und Hochschuldidaktik: Verstehen von Anfang an     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Forum Philosophicum     Full-text available via subscription  
Franciscan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Franciscanum. Revista de las ciencias del espíritu     Open Access  
Fronteiras : Revista de Teologia da Unicap     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geschichte in Köln     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Global Forum on Arts and Christian Faith     Open Access  
Göttinger Predigtmeditationen     Hybrid Journal  
Harvard Theological Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Hiphil     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hispania Sacra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Religions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Holy Land Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Homiletische Monatshefte     Hybrid Journal  
Horizons     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Horizonte : Revista de Estudos de Teologia e Ciências da Religião     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
HTS Theological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
IBDA' : Jurnal Kebudayaan Islam     Open Access  
IKON     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Illumine : Journal of the Centre for Studies in Religion and Society Graduate Students Association     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Implicit Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
In die Skriflig / In Luce Verbi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Inferensi : Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan     Open Access  
Innes Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Interações : Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  
Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intermountain West Journal of Religious Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Bulletin of Mission Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
International Journal for Religious Freedom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for the Psychology of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Christianity & Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Latin American Religions     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
International Journal of Philosophy and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Practical Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Systematic Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
International Review of Mission     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Studies in Catholic Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Interpretation : A Journal of Bible and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Intiqad : Jurnal Agama dan Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Irish Theological Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 17)
Ius Canonicum     Full-text available via subscription  
Jewish History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Jewish Social Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Język - Szkoła - Religia     Open Access  
Jonathan Edwards Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Christian Scholarship = Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 18)
Journal for Peace and Justice Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal for the Cognitive Science of Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 89)
Journal for the Study of Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 25)
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal for the Study of Spirituality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal for the Study of the New Testament     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 38)
Journal for the Study of the Old Testament     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 52)
Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Adult Theological Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Adventist Mission Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Africana Religions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Analytic Divinity     Open Access  
Journal of Analytic Theology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Anglican Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Applied Christian Leadership     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Beliefs & Values: Studies in Religion & Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biblical Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 63)

        1 2 3     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Epistemology & Philosophy of Science
Number of Followers: 7  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 1811-833X
Published by Philosophy Documentation Center Homepage  [93 journals]
  • The Crisis of Collegiality in Scientific Organization, and the Scientific
           Policy

    • Authors: Alexander Yu. Antonovski
      Abstract: The article substantiates that science, thanks to the latest media in the dissemination of scientific communication (especially computer word processing, big data accumulation, mega-science installations, the latest international networking platforms and collaborations), has gone beyond all institutional, organizational, regional, national and partly disciplinary borders. Science as a supranational communication system has reached a complexity that is incompatible with the standards for evaluating scientific work and scientific achievements, which are traditionally carried out in the form of scientific committees, individual examinations and other collegial forms of scientific communication. The collegiality of making the most important decisions regarding the examination of the scientific product itself, the thematic agenda, professional competencies and the resulting distribution of remuneration, reputation, ranks, degrees, grants has exhausted its capabilities to a certain extent. As a result, science turns out to be opaque both for the regulator, who is trying to exercise control over scientific institutions, and for science itself, which in the form of scientific self-government and philosophical reflection of science carries out the function of self-observation and self-description. A working hypothesis is proposed, which states that in response to this crisis of collegiality, reflection and control, new media of communicative success and new organizational forms of scientific communication crystallize in science, which can restore the ability of a scientific system to process its internal and external complexity. These media are represented by a new, social-networked form of scientific expertise and partly scientific work, which will be able to compensate for the lack of self-reflection, both at the organizational level of research institutes and at the level of global control over science as a whole.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • The Rule-Following Problem and Wittgenstein’s Place in Sociology Studies
           - A Return to Peter Winch

    • Authors: Kirill A. Rodin
      Abstract: The article presents an attempt to evaluate the influence of the late Wittgenstein philosophy (by the example of the rule-following problem) on sociology and some empirical programs of sociological research. At first we give a brief overview of the rule-following problem and consider, on the one hand, a skeptical reading and a skeptical solution to the problem by S. Kripke and, on the other hand, criticism towards Kripke by some Wittgensteinians). Then we reveal the role of skeptic reading in the sociological works of D. Bloor and the role of anti-sceptic reading in ethnomethodological projects. At the end we show the paramount importance of Peter Winch – we prove the following thesis: the ideas of Peter Winch anticipated many of the points and arguments in the dispute between D. Bloor and ethnomethodology.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • Wittgenstein’s Problem of Rule-Following and Legal Philosophy
           Studies

    • Authors: Vitaly V. Ogleznev
      Abstract: The article presents an analysis of K.A. Rodin’s argument that after publishing of Peter Winch’s book “The Idea of Social Science” (1958) the discussions of rule-following problem concerning to social epistemology and the methodology of social studies have not had tangible results. It is shown by the example of modern legal studies that this conclusion is not valid. On the contrary, Wittgenstein’s problem of rule-following and the very idea of rule-shaped activity have proved to have a great importance for an analytical legal philosophy and turned into an independent subject of study.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • Wittgenstein and Husserl as the Reformers of Social Science

    • Authors: Alexander A. Sanzhenakov
      Abstract: The article is devoted to the rule-following problem and its impact on the sociology of science as K.A. Rodin presents them in his article. It is known that L. Wittgenstein in “Philosophical Studies”, using the rule of arithmetic addition as an example, formulated the rule-following problem, which has acquired the ultimate form of skepticism thanks to S. Kripke. This problem was transferred to the sociology of science by D. Bloor, where it received the following sociological explanation: rule-amenably activity can be understood only by incorporating rules into social institutions. P. Winch rejected a skeptical interpretation of this problem, and as K.A. Rodin shows in the article, most adequately showed the consequences of Wittgenstein’s ideas for sociology. In his answer, A.A. Sanzhenakov draws attention to two circumstances. Firstly, sociology was influenced not only by late but also early ideas of Wittgenstein. Secondly, the rule-following problem as an important factor in the sociological turn can also be found in the phenomenology of E. Husserl. The author concludes about the need for additional research, which will draw a line between the influence of Wittgenstein and Husserl on sociology.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • Ludwig Wittgenstein and Performative Turn

    • Authors: Anna Yu. Moiseeva;Alina S. Zaykova
      Abstract: This article is a response to the thesis of K.A. Rodin about the exclusively conceptual influence of Wittgenstein and the problem of following the rule on social research. The authors argue that along with the methodological line traced by K.A. Rodin, one should single out a purely scientific line of influence of Wittgenstein's ideas, the result of which was the so-called performative turn in social sciences.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • Rule-Following and Social Theory

    • Authors: Valery A. Surovtsev
      Abstract: The article contains some considerations on influence of Wittgenstein’s Problem of Rule-Following to Social Theories, especially as it is analyzed in the text of K.A. Rodin. I consider “skeptical decision” of S. Kripke, and demonstrate that in some new situation’s theory of G. Baker and P. Hacker are preferable.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • On the Specifics of Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Influence on Social Sciences
           and the Humanities. Reply to Critics

    • Authors: Kirill A. Rodin
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • A Priori in the Philosophy of Science - Methodological Aspects of Research

    • Authors: Tatiana D. Sokolova
      Abstract: The article is devoted to the analysis of research approaches and attitudes to the study of the a priori in the philosophy of science. In the first part, I outline the basic premises of this study: (a) scientific knowledge as the highest manifestation of rationality; (b) the normative nature of scientific knowledge. In the second part, I turn to the difference in the subject of philosophical research on the history of science – the history of science as a “history of facts” vs the history of science as a history of scientific thought. The third part discusses the main theoretical and technical difficulty associated with changing the subject of research – the possibility of a transition from historical fact to “scientific thought at the time of its birth” (in Helene Metzger terminology). The forth part is devoted to the analysis of the “model approach” (Arianna Betti, Hein van den Berg) in philosophy as a possible way to overcome this difficulty and includes both theoretical and technical aspects of the future direction of research. In conclusion, consequences are drawn about the possibility of using the “model approach” for reconstruction a priori in the history of science as “constitutive elements of scientific knowledge” (David Stump).
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • The Modal Square of Opposition and the Mental Models Theory

    • Authors: Miguel Lopez-Astorga
      Abstract: The mental models theory is a current approach trying to account for human thought and hence communication by highlighting the action of semantics and ignoring, to a large extent, syntax. However, it has been argued that the theory actually contains an underlying syntax related to any kind of modal logic. This paper delves into this last idea and is intended to show that the concepts of possibility and necessity as understood in it fulfill the basic requirement that, according to Fitting and Mendelsohn, every modal logic has to meet: to satisfy the relationships provided by the Aristotelian modal square of opposition.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • History of Science: Projects and Realities

    • Authors: Natalia I. Kuznetsova
      Abstract: The article analyzes the key methodological problems of the contemporary research in the field of the history of science. It is shown that in the 18th and 19th centuries works on the history of science demonstrated the difficult paths of scientists to the heights of scientific discoveries. The positivism of the 19th century has opened the field of the philosophy of science, emphasizing the crucial role of scientific knowledge for the development of civilization. The history of science is fundamental for the justification of this thesis. However, in the 20th century, the history of science has solved mainly applied problems. It was necessary as a cursory review of the main achievements of various scientific disciplines arranged in chronological order. In fact, the history of science was based on the cumulative concept of the development of science. The criticism of cumulatism and the fight against anti-historical stereotypes emerged thanks to T. Kuhn. Later, the criticism of presentism in the community of science historians has become the main methodology for reconstructing the development of cognition. It is shown in the paper that the history of science was closely connected with the philosophy of science. However, genuine cooperation between philosophers and historians of science had not yet occurred. The situation has changed with the advent of a new philosophical discipline – historical epistemology.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • Sociology or Psychology' - On Conceptual Architecture of David
           Bloor’s Strong Programme in Sociology of Scientific Knowledge

    • Authors: Andrei G. Kuznetsov
      Abstract: The article is an attempt at the reverse engineering of conceptual architecture and logic of David Bloor's Strong Programme (SP) in the sociology of scientific knowledge via explicating key resources and interpretative techniques for constructing it. To do this I show how problematic is a conventional interpretation of the SP as a radicalization of Kuhn's theory of science and as a sociologization of epistemology. This problematization allows me to put anew three questions concerning the SP. In what sense it is post-positivist' In what sense it is sociological' Does it belong to social epistemology' To answer these questions I set myself four tasks. First, Bloor’s theoretical position concerning the Kuhn-Popper debate is located. Second, I point to and present Mary Hesse’s network model of science (NM) as a crucial theoretical source for the early SP. Third, I analyze in detail how Bloor interpreted and appropriated NM. Finally, I show what theoretical and methodological effects this interpretation had for the SP as presented in 1976. The general layout of the conceptual architecture of SP is modeled on the Hesse’s NM. It combines the principle of correspondence and that of coherence and sees the language of science as a network of predicates and laws segmented by contingent and empirical boundaries and not a priori logical divisions between theory and observation. But Bloor creatively interprets and appropriates NM by the double move of generalization and specification. Whereas Hesse’s NM refers to the functioning of scientific language, in Bloor’s hands, it comes to describe human learning in general inscribed in psychological processes (perception and thinking). As a result, SP is based on a form of psychological empiricism that sees science as a two-storied building. The first floor (perception) ensures correspondence and the second one (thinking) provide conditions of coherence. SP of 1976 is a specific model for the sociological segmentation of the second floor.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • Petroleum Genesis as a Problem of Transdisciplinary Research

    • Authors: Irina A. Gerasimova
      Abstract: The problem of petroleum genesis is fundamental for natural science. Scientific discussion on the problem of petroleum genesis originated with the science of theModern time and continues to this day. Physicists, chemists, biologists, geologists, geophysicists and cosmologists take part in the discussion. The problem attracts the attention of philosophers on science in many aspects. The author believes that it is necessary to conduct research of a transdisciplinary type that combines natural science and philosophical knowledge. Transdisciplinary research allows conceptually combine different scales of vision, different languages and standards of justification for specific sciences. The prerequisite for a transdisciplinary approach on the part of natural scientists can be the synergetic setting of theoretical constructions. V.I. Vernadsky’s concept of biosphere and noosphere, which is included in the scientific picture of the world, can serve as philosophical and conceptual basis. Transdisciplinary discussion on the petroleum genesis involve the analysis of philosophical, socio-psychological and concrete scientific aspects. The author carries out the logical and methodological analysis of the hypothesis of D.I. Mendeleev. The author comes to the conclusion that the philosophical type of argumentation prevails. The basis for a new dialogue should be the subject- subject-object relationship. The principles of the philosophy of complexity can be used when discussing the problems of geoecology and specific environmental research areas.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • The Second Law of Thermodynamics in the Context of Contemporary Physical
           Research

    • Authors: Ivan A. Karpenko
      Abstract: The second law results in the growth of the entropy – in superficial interpretation this principle presumes that the sufficient energy inevitably turns into the substandard energy. Order turns into chaos over time; however, chaos also turns into order under certain circumstances. The first research objective is to establish the possible prescientific ideas about the phenomenon – some philosophical intuitions that have preceded the scientific discovery of the second law and have conformed to it in a certain sense. It is essential because there are always certain bonds and continuity in the history of philosophy and science – the correct interpretation of the phenomenon becomes difficult, if not impossible, without the establishment of such bonds.Moreover, the main task is to understand what the second law is and which significance its principal corollaries have. We need to give the second law a correct interpretation that will allow making assumptions about its connection with time in the context of the initial state problem and about the possible new ways of modern physics development – in particular, the creation of the quantum theory of gravity. Two solutions to the entropy and initial state connection problem are proposed in the context of the time arrow discussion (G. Calender’s approach to solving the problem is disputed).
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • Socio-Cultural Aspects of the Standard Model in Elementary Particles
           Physics and the History of Its Creation

    • Authors: Vladimir P. Vizgin
      Abstract: The article соnsiders the socio-cultural aspects of the standard model (SM) in elementary particle physics and history of its creation. SM is a quantum field gauge theory of electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions, which is the basis of the modern theory of elementary particles. The process of its elaboration covers a twenty-year period: from 1954 (the concept of gauge fields by C. Yang and R. Mills) to the early 1970s., when the construction of renormalized quantum chromodynamics and electroweak theory wеre completed. The socio-cultural aspects of SM are explored on the basis of a quasi-empirical approach, by studying the texts of its creators and participants in the relevant events. We note also the important role of such an “external” factor as large-scale state projects on the creation of nuclear and thermonuclear weapons, which provided personnel and financial support for fundamental research in the field of nuclear physics and elementary particle physics (the implementation of thermonuclear projects took place just in the 1950s, and most of the theorists associated with the creation of SM were simultaneously the main developers of thermonuclear weapons, especially in the USSR). The formation of SM is considered as a competition between two research programs (paradigms) – gauge-field and phenomenological, associated with the rejection of the field concept. The split of the scientific community of physicists associated with this competition is going on during this period. It’s accompanied by a kind of “negotiations”, which in the early 1970s lead to the triumph of the gauge field program and the restoration of the unity of the scientific community. The norms and rules of the scientific ethos played the regulatory role in this process. The scientific-realistic position of the metaphysical attitudes of the majority of theorists and their negative attitude to the concepts of philosophical relativism and social construction of scientific knowledge are emphasized. Some features of the history of SM creation are also noted, such as the positive role of aesthetic judgments; “scientific-school” form of research (in the USSR), its pros and cons; a connection to historical-scientific “drama of ideas” with “dramas of people” who made a wrong choice and (or) “missed their opportunities”.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • “Logic of the Future” as C.S. Peirce Understood It (First
           Volumes of Peirceana)

    • Authors: Angelina S. Bobrova
      Abstract: Finally, the first book started Peirceana. Peirceana is expected as a new series that provides access to both Peirce’s mostly unpublished late works and secondary papers, in which ideas of this American philosopher are developed. This edition is opened with three volumes on Peirce’s manuscripts on “Logic of the Future.” The thinker gave this definition to his theory of existential graphs, i.e., a diagrammatical logical project that includes three sections. The sections can roughly correspond to propositional logic, first-order logic and modal logic. The theory of existential graphs is a particular conception. It predicts ideas of proof theory, mathematics of continuity, and cognitive sciences. Besides, it has an impressive philosophical foundation and perfectly emphasizes the importance of diagrammatic notations. Since many writings are published here for the first time, the edition per se is a significant event for the history of logic. However, Peirceana can do more than this. It urges to think of how the logic of 20‒21st centuries would have looked like if Peirce’s intentions were discovered earlier. At the same time, it clarifies the ground for contemporary investigations. Today we have a bunch of papers about various non-classical modifications, extensions, restrictions, and applications of the original theory. Peirceana is projected as the publication that can gather specialists (logicians, philosophers, as well as IT and cognitive science scholars) who are interested in the development of Peirce’s approach. It lets the readers reconsider our ordinary logical conceptions (e.g., reasoning, logical and language analysis, and others) as well as the conventional understanding of the evolution of modern logic. The current paper has two objectives: firstly, it estimates this diplomatic partly critical edition with its several thoroughly elaborated introductions, and secondly, it briefly introduces the existential graphs theory. A set of examples demonstrates the basic principles of this system.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • Science as a Vocation. Hermeneutics and Reflection

    • Authors: Alexey A. Golovin
      Abstract: In this article, the author tries to understand the significance of “Science as a Vocation” for Max Weber’s listeners: what goals and objectives did the speaker set, and what is the relevance of the lecture to understand science and scientists today' As a historical source, the autobiography of K. Levit is used, which recorded the listener’s personal experiences from the speech. Referring to Schleiermacher’s ideas, the author seeks to interpret Weber's speech as Lebenswerk. The author connects the ideas of the speech with the historical context of that time, as well as the philosophy of life and neo-Kantianism. The author believes that Weber’s call for reflection is of key importance for understanding science as vocation. The author comprehends the significance of reflection not only for science, but also for the personality as a whole – for its self-identification and self-knowledge, orientation in the social space.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • Philosophy and Linguistics - New Trends in the Interdisciplinary Studies
           of Meaning

    • Authors: Ekaterina V. Vostrikova
      Abstract: This paper is an overview of the contemporary discussions in interdisciplinary studies of meaning of natural language expressions. The paper discusses the latest work published in two interdisciplinary journals «Linguistics and Philosophy» and «Natural Language Semantics» most relevant for philosophy of language. The paper focuses on two general topics: the semantics of singular terms (proper names, pronouns, demonstratives) and the semantics of belief-reports. The paper discusses the recent proposal about the interpretation of pronouns by [Stojnic et al., 2019] according to which such interpretation is strictly determined by the linguistic rules and does not depend on the context. According to this proposal, the referent of a pronoun is determined by a specific coherence relationship the sentence it occurs in has to the previous sentence in a discourse unless it is preceded by a pointing gesture. The paper discuses some issues with this proposal. Specifically, it discusses its difficulties with explaining the cases where the referent of a pronoun stands out in a context and, thus, no pointing gesture or previous discourse is required for the referent identification. It also discusses cases where a coherence relationship (such as Narration) between two sentences allows flexibility with respect to the referent identification and points at pragmatic factors that can be relevant in this respect. The paper also presents some other recent research on proper names, demonstratives and pronouns both linguistically and philosophically oriented.The paper also presents informally some work on belief-reports in linguistics and discussed its relevance for philosophy of language. It discusses the recent work on restrictions on the types of embeddings of propositional attitude verbs and the general approach that derives those restrictions from the predicted meanings of the relevant sentences, such as [Theiler et al., 2019]. The paper discussed the relevance of this issue to a more general question about the nature of a natural language and the relationship between language and logic.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
  • Searching for the Justification of Realism

    • Authors: Petr S. Kusliy
      Abstract: This critical analytical review examines the ways in which realism can be justified in epistemology and philosophy of science and which are presented in the collection of papers “Perspectives of Realism in Modern Philosophy” (M., 2017). The exposition of areas in which the authors of this book study the problems of realism, as well as those arguments in its defense that they offer, is given. A criticism of these arguments is presented, according to which all of them are not able to convince an antirealist to abandon their views in favor of realism. The question of whether realists and anti-realists have the same object of discussion and what could become a common ground for them is explored. The author suggests that an appeal to language can become such a common ground and reproduces Frege’s argument against skeptics and idealists as a possible methodological justification for realism.
      PubDate: Tue, 04 Aug 2020 05:05:08 GMT
       
 
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