Subjects -> RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (Total: 845 journals)
    - BUDDHIST (14 journals)
    - EASTERN ORTHODOX (1 journals)
    - HINDU (6 journals)
    - ISLAMIC (179 journals)
    - JUDAIC (23 journals)
    - OTHER DENOMINATIONS AND SECTS (4 journals)
    - PROTESTANT (21 journals)
    - RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (564 journals)
    - ROMAN CATHOLIC (33 journals)

RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (564 journals)                  1 2 3     

Showing 1 - 197 of 197 Journals sorted alphabetically
'Ilu. Revista de Ciencias de las Religiones     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Abant İzzet Baysal Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Acta Patristica et Byzantina     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Acta Theologica     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Acta Universitatis Carolinae Theologica     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Addin     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Advances in the Study of Information and Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
AJS Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Al-Adyan     Open Access  
al-Afkar : Journal For Islamic Studies     Open Access  
Al-Masaq: Islam and the Medieval Mediterranean     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 29)
Albertus Magnus     Open Access  
Aleph Historical Studies in Science and Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Alternative Spirituality and Religion Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Alue ja Ympäristö     Open Access  
Amasya Theology Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
American Journal of Theology & Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 45)
Anais da Academia Brasileira de Ciências     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Analecta Bollandiana     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Andrews University Seminary Student Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Andrews University Seminary Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Annales Canonici     Open Access  
Annales Missiologici Posnanienses     Open Access  
Annali di Scienze Religiose     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Annals of the University of Bucharest : Philosophy Series     Open Access  
Annuaire de l'Ecole pratique des hautes etudes. Section des sciences religieuses     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Antiquite Tardive     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Anuario de Historia de la Iglesia     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
ANZTLA EJournal     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
Apocrypha     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Approaching Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Arab Law Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Arabic Sciences and Philosophy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Archiv für Religionsgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Archive for the Psychology of Religion / Archiv für Religionspychologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 26)
Aries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Artuklu Akademi     Open Access  
Arys: Antigüedad, Religiones y Sociedades     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Asbury Journal     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Asian Philosophy: An International Journal of the Philosophical Traditions of the East     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Augustinian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Augustinianum     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Australasian Catholic Record, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Australian Humanist, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Australian Religion Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Baha'l Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Berliner Theologische Zeitschrift     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Bible Translator     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Biblica et Patristica Thoruniensia     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Biblical Interpretation A Journal of Contemporary Approaches     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 51)
Bijdragen     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bilimname     Open Access  
Bioethics Research Notes     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 16)
Black Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Bozok University Journal of Theology Faculty     Open Access  
Brill Research Perspectives in Religion and Education     Full-text available via subscription  
Brill Research Perspectives in Religion and Psychology     Full-text available via subscription  
Buddhist Studies Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Buddhist-Christian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Bulletin d’études Orientales     Open Access   (Followers: 10)
Bulletin for the Study of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
Bulletin of Medieval Canon Law     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Caderno Teológico da PUCPR     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Cahiers d’études du religieux     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Cahiers d’études du religieux. Recherches interdisciplinaires     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Caminhando     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Çanakkale Araştırmaları Türk Yıllığı     Open Access  
Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Catholic Historical Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Catholic Social Science Review     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Chôra : Revue d’Études Anciennes et Médiévales - philosophie, théologie, sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Chrétiens et sociétés     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Christian Bioethics: Non-Ecumenical Studies in Medical Morality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Christian Perspectives in Education     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Christian Spirituality and Science     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Church Heritage     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Church History : Studies in Christianity and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 81)
Church History and Religious Culture     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 59)
Church, Communication and Culture     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Ciencias Sociales y Religión/Ciências Sociais e Religião     Open Access  
Clotho     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Comparative Islamic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Conciencia     Open Access   (Followers: 5)
Conservative Judaism     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Conspectus : The Journal of the South African Theological Seminary     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Contagion : Journal of Violence, Mimesis, and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Contemporary Islam     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Contemporary Islamic Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 12)
Contemporary Jewry     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Conversations In Religion & Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 47)
Covenant Quarterly     Open Access  
Critical Research on Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Critique: Critical Middle Eastern Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Crosscurrents     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Cuadernos de historia de España     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Cuestiones Teológicas     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Çukurova University Journal of Faculty of Divinity     Open Access  
Çukurova University Journal of Turkology Research     Open Access  
Cultural Encounters     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Culture and Religion: An Interdisciplinary Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Cumhuriyet İlahiyat Dergisi / Cumhuriyet Theology Journal     Open Access  
Cumhuriyet Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi     Open Access  
Currents in Biblical Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Dansk Teologisk Tidsskrift     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Dansk Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Darulfunun Ilahiyat     Open Access  
Dead Sea Discoveries     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Der Islam     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Diaconia : Journal for the Study of Christian Social Practice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Diakrisis Yearbook of Theology and Philosophy     Open Access  
Dialog: a Journal of Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 20)
Dialogue - A Journal of Mormon Thought     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Die Kerkblad     Full-text available via subscription  
Die Welt des Islams     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
DIN : Tidsskrift for religion og kultur     Open Access  
Dini Araştırmalar / Journal of Religious Studies     Open Access  
Dios y el Hombre     Open Access  
Doctor virtualis     Open Access  
Downside Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
e-Makalat Mezhep Araştırmaları Dergisi     Open Access  
e-Theologos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
EarthSong Journal: Perspectives in Ecology, Spirituality and Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Ecclesia : Studia z Dziejów Wielkopolski     Open Access  
Ecclesial Practices     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Ecclesiastical Law Journal     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Ecclesiology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 18)
El-Hikmah     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Eleutheria     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Elpis - Czasopismo Teologiczne Katedry Teologii Prawosławnej Uniwersytetu w Białymstoku     Open Access  
Entangled Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Ephemerides Theologicae Lovanienses     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Epistemology & Philosophy of Science     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Erasmus Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Estudios Eclesiásticos. Revista teológica de investigación e información     Open Access  
Estudos de Religião     Open Access  
Estudos Teológicos     Open Access  
ET-Studies : Journal of the European Society for Catholic Theology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 2)
Études d’histoire religieuse     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
European Journal for Church and State Research - Revue européenne des relations Églises-État     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
European Journal for the Study of Thomas Aquinas     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
European Journal of Jewish Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Evangelische Theologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Exchange     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Expository Times     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Extrême-Orient Extrême-Occident     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Faith and Philosophy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Fieldwork in Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Filosofia Theoretica : Journal of African Philosophy, Culture and Religions     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Firaset Dergisi     Open Access  
Forum Exegese und Hochschuldidaktik: Verstehen von Anfang an     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Forum Philosophicum     Full-text available via subscription  
Franciscan Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Franciscanum. Revista de las ciencias del espíritu     Open Access  
Fronteiras : Revista de Teologia da Unicap     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Geschichte in Köln     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Global Forum on Arts and Christian Faith     Open Access  
Göttinger Predigtmeditationen     Hybrid Journal  
Harvard Theological Review     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 82)
Health and Social Care Chaplaincy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Hiphil     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Hispania Sacra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
History of Religions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 38)
Hitit Üniversitesi İlahiyat Fakültesi Dergisi / Journal of Divinity Faculty of Hitit University     Open Access  
Holy Land Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Homiletische Monatshefte     Hybrid Journal  
Horizons     Partially Free   (Followers: 2)
Horizons in Biblical Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 35)
Horizonte : Revista de Estudos de Teologia e Ciências da Religião     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
HTS Theological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 8)
IBDA' : Jurnal Kebudayaan Islam     Open Access  
IKON     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Illumine : Journal of the Centre for Studies in Religion and Society Graduate Students Association     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
IMAGES     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Implicit Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
In die Skriflig / In Luce Verbi     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Indo-Iranian Journal     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Inferensi : Jurnal Penelitian Sosial Keagamaan     Open Access  
Innes Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Interações : Cultura e Comunidade     Open Access  
Interdisciplinary Journal for Religion and Transformation in Contemporary Society     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Intermountain West Journal of Religious Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
International Bulletin of Mission Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 58)
International Journal for Religious Freedom     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
International Journal for the Psychology of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
International Journal for the Study of the Christian Church     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
International Journal of Christianity & Education     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
International Journal of Latin American Religions     Hybrid Journal  
International Journal of Middle East Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 75)
International Journal of Philosophy and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
International Journal of Practical Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 27)
International Journal of Public Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
International Journal of Systematic Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 33)
International Review of Mission     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
International Studies in Catholic Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Interpretation : A Journal of Bible and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Intiqad : Jurnal Agama dan Pendidikan Islam     Open Access  
Irish Theological Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)

        1 2 3     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
HTS Theological Studies
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.448
Number of Followers: 8  

  This is an Open Access Journal Open Access journal
ISSN (Print) 0259-9422 - ISSN (Online) 2072-8050
Published by SciELO Homepage  [911 journals]
  • Religious statecraft: Narratives of persecution and diplomacy in the case
           of Byzantine, Aksum and Himyar

    • Abstract: When reviewed against the background of Byzantine diplomatic correspondence, Aksum's religious policy on the Arabian Peninsula is perceivable within a Constantinian religio-political matrix. Imperial letters from Byzantine to Aksum and Persia denote the Byzantine role of arbiter of early Christianity. Byzantine Rome's role in Christianity when reviewed from diplomatic correspondence with allies and antagonists recounts narratives of orthodoxy and persecution. Parallel review of letters from Constantine and Constantius decodes the Christian kingdom of Aksum as a participant of 4th-century CE Constantinian dynamics. This review was enabled through document analysis.
       
  • The sources of knowledge of two medieval Jewish commentators in nature
           issues: The case of gathering the musk (Song of Songs 5:1)

    • Abstract: Musk, which is produced from the glands of several species of deer, was a well-known perfume throughout the Mediterranean Basin in the Middle Ages. The current article examines the meaning of the gathering operation of myrrh mentioned in Song of Songs 5:1, according to R. Joseph Ibn Aknin and Naḥmanides. The two commentators argue that the phrase ariiti mori can be interpreted as the unique manner of gathering the perfume of the musk deer in its lands of origin in the Far East. They contend that harvesting the perfume refers to gathering the perfume that the deer spreads on the rocks naturally, which is a higher quality product. The two medieval rabbis were exposed to contemporary scholars or oral traditions on the way of gathering the musk. Ibn Aknin took the information from Arabic writings, such as of al-Sirāfī and al-Masʿūdī and Ibn JulJuly With regard to Naḥmanides, his source of information on gathering musk is not clear.CONTRIBUTION: This article contributes to the understanding of the issue of the sources of knowledge of scholars in medieval times and how the achieved information influenced their commentaries on the Biblical Text. The current study expounds the commentators' interpretations from a multidisplinary perspective, such as the medieval zoology and perfume industry
       
  • Revealing gender discourses in the Qur ʾā n: An integrative, dynamic and
           complex approach

    • Abstract: This study examines the Qurʾān's view towards gender and argues that all three masculine, feminine and egalitarian (gender-inclusive) discourses exist in its text, and that these discourses do not follow a simple and linear model but rather a nonlinear and complex one. It also provides evidence, showing that gender equality in the Qurʾān is achieved in two ways: firstly, through linguistic devices that are devoid of gender distinctions, and secondly, through concurrent use of masculine and feminine gender markers in one context. The masculine discourse is, however, more prominent in the verses of this book and manifests itself to varying degrees in three ways: (1) in some verses, only masculine indicators are used but it can be inferred based on the (Taghlīb) principle that both men and women are the intended addressees; (2) in some verses, rules regarding women are stipulated, whilst men are, in fact, the main addressees and (3) in verses that state rules on reciprocal issues such as divorce and marriage but these rules are addressed to only men. The feminine discourse is also present in the Qurʾān and can be seen in verses that address women.CONTRIBUTION: Revealing gender discourses in the Qurʾān requires not only a historical but also an integrative and holistic understanding of its text. This study attempts to identify the relation of the Qurʾān to the three gender discourses based on the linguistic elements of the text and their classification
       
  • The 'coming-out' of a hero: The character of Esther in LXX-Esther
           revisited

    • Abstract: The account of the hero is often depicted as a narratological journey which, with reference to the ground-breaking work of Campbell (2008), is referred to as the monomyth. The basic outline of all monomyths is an account of how a hero embarks on a journey, meets a major crisis and then returns back home altered in some way. This change does not only benefit the hero but is also to the advantage of the community that he or she hails from. This study examines the possibility that the story of Esther fits the prerequisites of a monomyth and argues that the additions (Additions A, B, C, D, E and F) to LXX-Esther give emphasis to and reinforce the impression of the hero-myth underlying the story. The therapeutic and transforming qualities of the hero story, narrated in LXX-Esther, are examined in more detail. It is concluded that this hero story fulfils two basic human functions: an epistemic function and a restorative function.CONTRIBUTION: This article contributes to HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies's' contested Historical Thought and Source Interpretation by focusing on textual and hermeneutical studies, and narratives behind the Abrahamic religion as expressed in the Hebrew Scriptures, Apocrypha, Pseudepigrapha and the Septuagint
       
  • Interpreting the David-Bathsheba narrative (2 Sm 11:2-4) as a response by
           the church in Nigeria to masculine abuse of power for sexual assault

    • Abstract: Sexual violence against women is a social problem all over the world, including Nigeria. This article examines the David-Bathsheba narrative against this background, relating it to the problem of masculine abuse of power for sexual assault in Nigeria. It also attempts to find out how the church in Nigeria could use the narrative as a textual basis for responding to this problem. The article is targeted at Nigerians who abuse masculine power in this way, the women who need to be aware of sex predators and the church in employing the text as a response to sexual violence. The article employs the exegetical approach in the study of 2 Samuel 11:2-4, and the descriptive method in the analysis of masculine abuse of power for sexual assault in Nigeria, and how the church could combat it. The essay finds that David used his position as a king to assault Bathsheba, which makes the narrative relevant for the present-day Nigerian context of masculine abuse of power for sexual assault. The church in Nigeria could respond to the awareness of this relevance by making the narrative a textual basis for a response to the problem of sexual violence. The church could develop a policy on violence against women which must be reflected in all its teaching instruments. The church must create healing avenues for the victims of sexual abuse. It should liaise with government agencies to ensure that relevant laws against sexual abuse are applied adequately.CONTRIBUTION: The article is a contribution in Christian ethics. It likens David's encounter with Bathsheba to masculine abuse of power for sexual assault in Nigeria. It explains how the church in Nigeria can employ the narrative as a response to this menace
       
  • The African Church's application of anointing oil: An expression of
           Christian spirituality or a display of fetish ancestral religion'

    • Abstract: The content of Christian spirituality that made waves since the inception of the early church soon took on different contours as the faith got adapted to different gentile contexts. The expression of this faith, along with its liturgical symbolism and sacramental observances, is still gaining momentum in African Christianity. The emerging practice of the use of 'anointing oil' in its religious expression is receiving more attention than the Christ of the Gospel. In this article, we argue that against its primitive intent, the use of the 'anointing oil' by the African Church is a mere display of fetish ancestral religion that expresses its unique African traditional religious root rather than a true expression of Christian spirituality. Our thesis is framed on the basis that the manner in which some African churches apply the purported 'anointing oil' is discriminatory vis-à-vis its ancient understanding and purpose. In our attempt to address this damaging practice to true Christian spirituality, also standing as a huge challenge for pastoral theology, we undertook a careful historical-theological analysis of the extant biblical data and its contextual interpretation vis-à-vis its distortion today. We concluded that what pastoral theologians have to deal with within the Christian community in Africa is offering the right biblical perspective against the distorted mode of the application of the contemporary purported 'anointing oil' that is falsely projecting the Christian faith and belief in a bad light.CONTRIBUTION: The application of the anointing oil in contemporary Christian religion in Africa is, to say the least, not an inherent textually prescribed requisite criterion for Christian spirituality, but merely an outburst of fetish ancestral religious worldview that stands contra the hermeneutics of the biblical text and its ancient tradition. That no Old Testament prophet, not even Jesus nor Paul, mentioned the subject, makes its contemporary application textually and theologically suspect, and therefore, heretically infectious for the spiritual health of the community of faith. These insights sit quite well with the textual hermeneutics within the mainline transdisciplinary religious and multidisplinary theological perspective of this journal
       
  • Bible translations for the minorities' languages today: A biblical
           theological exploration

    • Abstract: The contemporary world is a harsh environment for many languages and cultures. Globalisation is one of the powerful forces that are increasing the pressure on some languages to become extinct. The questions that, therefore, arise for Bible translation include: Does it still make sense to translate the Bible into languages that are being threatened by extinction' Are there perhaps certain indicators that should be present for the translation of the Bible into endangered languages to make sense and to possibly also contribute towards the revival of languages that are being threatened by extinction' The discussion of these and related questions is not new but has to continue because the issues can be viewed from a variety of angles. This article is offered as a biblical theological exploration of the issues. It is, therefore, also a biblical theological motivation for Bible translation into endangered languages. The article argues that the existence of a growing church that is committed to the use of the Bible in a particular translation should be viewed as one of the critical indicators when assessing the merits of such translation projects.CONTRIBUTION: The primary contribution of this article is that it approaches the issues pertaining to language endangerment from a biblical theological angle; and demonstrates that the issues regarding language endangerment are connected to the core of the Bible's message. Language endangerment is one of the results of Adam's fall into sin. God's redemptive work will end language endangerment when God's gracious work of saving creation and fallen humanity is consummated at Christ's return
       
  • Spiritual autobiographies as sources of the ecumenism: Dag
           Hammarskjöld's case

    • Abstract: An important genre of the theological area, spiritual autobiography is currently undergoing a rediscovery process, because of recent research on this topic. Written by important mystical personalities belonging to different Christian traditions (such as Saint Silouane the Athonite or Saint John of Kronstadt for the Orthodox area, Saint Teresa of Avila for the Catholic one and Dag Hammarskjöld for the Lutheran one), spiritual autobiographies can constitute a valuable source for the understanding of their authors' thinking and perception of fundamental topics such as ecumenism. Being aware of this aspect, we will start from a case study, namely that of Dag Hammarskjöld, and we will try to see how this category of texts can be used in order to understand the attitude of the authors of spiritual autobiographies and their motivation in the ecumenical space.CONTRIBUTION: The research helps the reader to see how the spiritual autobiographies can be a source of understanding the ecumenism of mystical vocations, using as example Dag Hammarskjöld's Markings
       
  • A hybrid Christian identity in Philippians 1:15-18

    • Abstract: There have been various studies on the passage of Philippians 1:15-18 but there have been few studies on a hybrid aspect of Christian identity implicated in the passage. The aim of the study was to reveal a hybrid aspect of the passage. The socio-historical setting for the study was the Greco-Roman period. For this study, I employed rhetorical criticism, a socio-linguistic approach and an anthropological linguistic approach to the passage, as well as the analysis of the socio-historical and cultural background of the passage. As a result, I found that Paul, who retained his Jewish identity but embraced Christian identity, tried to suggest such a new kind of identity for the intended audience and their community. In this article, I argued that Paul as a hybrid personality urged the Christian community in Philippi to have distinguished Christian habitus and field in Philippians 1:15-18. In particular, Paul persuaded his intended audience or readers to acknowledge and accept even those preachers who had questionable intentions into their Christian community. Such an inclusive attitude was to make a clear distinction between the community and their traditional Greco-Roman socio-cultural background.CONTRIBUTION: The research on Philippians 1:15-18 reveals a hybrid aspect of Christian identity implicated in the passage. This research would contribute to the biblical studies of the Hervormde Teologiese Studies journal through its rhetorical, socio-linguistic and anthropological approach to the biblical passage of Philippians 1:15-18
       
  • Reformed theology in dialogue with a spirituality of creation within the
           context of religious pluralism in Africa

    • Abstract: A transforming spirituality is needed to attend to the 'third-millennial needs' of Africa to address issues such as relationships (tribal wars, genocide, ISIS, etc.), globalisation ([new]-colonisation and urbanisation), ecology (industrialisation and rhino or elephant poaching) and social issues (the poor, women and children). It is argued that reformed theology, African spiritualities and a spirituality of creation need to be enriched by each other to bring about transformation in Africa. To discover a transforming spirituality of creation, participants need to listen to the different spiritualities and beliefs, without attempting to create a meta-narrative. Participants need to acknowledge the differences and even tensions, and embrace these. As such, this article attends to the research question, how can a dialogue between reformed theology and spirituality of creation help to establish a transforming spirituality based on common values for the diverse African continent in 'our third-millennial world''CONTRIBUTION: From a multidisplinary theological perspective, the article deals with 'historical thought' regarding spirituality and creation. This includes both the textual history from Christianity and oral history from Africa. A missional hermeneutics is used to bring different traditions and beliefs together
       
  • Qohelet as liminal intellectualism

    • Abstract: Qohelet is one of the most fascinating books in the Hebrew Bible because it falls outside of the confides of what it is deemed as orthodox in terms of genre, literary components and theology. Considered in both antiquity and contemporary interpretations as Wisdom Literature, the book holds rich material to be interpreted and classified in a myriad of ways. It is no secret that Qohelet is an idiosyncratic scholar whose position is defined by unusualness, to define it as defiance would be extreme. As traditional renderings of liminality are often but not always limited to spatiality and time, here liminality is defined as an intellectual exercise. The decision to locate Qohelet as a liminal intellectual is informed by the epistemology encountered in the book if the consensus is that Qohelet existed in post-exilic Israel and that the book borders mostly around philosophical themes and ideas. The aim of this article is to outline and state how, when and why Qohelet becomes a liminal intellectual. This article subsequently borrows from the discipline of anthropology to illuminate how such a position is attainable and possible through a reading of Qohelet with an intersection of Arnold van Gennep's conception of liminality that traditionally speaks to the margins and structures of positions to how we use some of those tools of analysis to construct a liminality, which privileges knowledge production and encompasses so much more.CONTRIBUTION: This article contributes to the ongoing arsenal of interdisciplinary studies which fits and embraces the scope of the journal
       
  • Decolonising the concept of the Trinity to decolonise the religious
           education curriculum

    • Abstract: This article brings into perspective the need to decolonise the concept of the Trinity (as the specific doctrine and Christian name of God) as a crucial step in decolonising the religious education curriculum. It discusses the concept of decolonisation and its applicability to religious education, specifically Christianity, within higher education (e.g. in Teacher Education Programmes) in the South African context. God as the Trinity has throughout the history of Atlantic slavery and colonialism been employed to legitimise colonial rule and it, therefore, needs to be decolonised. To decolonise the concept of the Trinity is, however, highly problematic, as the historic relation between Christianity and African traditional religions (ATRs) indicates. Decolonising the concept of the Trinity can quickly develop into a tension between a position of either continuity or discontinuity (of ATR with Christianity).CONTRIBUTION: This article argues for an alternative approach for the decolonisation of the concept of the Trinity, namely to allow for the deconstruction of the concept of the Trinity, and by implication of other concepts - like decolonisation and religion - as well. This approach is proposed to develop more openness and playfulness with regard to religious beliefs in general. I argue that this may provide a hopeful, open and just vision of life which should be part of the decolonised religious education curriculum
       
  • Pentecostalism and migration: A contextual study of the migrant Ghanaian
           Classical Pentecostal churches in South Africa

    • Abstract: Pentecostal phenomenon from history has always moved with migration. Reading Acts 1:8, Jesus linked the baptism of the Holy Spirit with the migration of his disciples and the gospel from Jerusalem to Judea and Samaria and to the end of the earth. Migration has become a worldwide, multi-directional phenomenon which is reshaping the Christian landscape. In this light, the article discussed Pentecostalism and migration by using two Ghanaian Classical Pentecostal churches in South Africa as a case study. The article looked at their history, leadership development, transfer of missionaries from Ghana and its implications, their concept of contextualisation as well as some of their impact in South Africa. The article submits that it is time for both churches to start thinking of decolonising their foreign mission churches by helping them have autonomous status.CONTRIBUTION: The article contributes to the on-going body of knowledge and research on migration with special emphasis on African classical Pentecostalism and migration. The study used Ghanaian Classical Pentecostal Churches in South Africa as a case study
       
  • Comparison between the respective views of John Calvin and classical
           Pentecostals on the role of the Holy Spirit in reading the Bible

    • Abstract: The growth of the Pentecostal movement in the global south implies that its pneumatological emphases be noticed by other Christian traditions, including the hermeneutical processes followed to interpret the Bible, the Christians' source of revelation about God. The aim of this article is to reflect on the role of the Spirit in the hermeneutical process, and it is done based on two traditions, the Reformed and Pentecostal movements, both of which play an important role within South African Christianity. Whilst the Reformed tradition, for the better part, concentrates on scientific and rational hermeneutics, in part neglecting the subjective influence of the Spirit in the processes of interpretation, John Calvin uses it as a hermeneutical principle. An attempt is made to compare and contrast Calvin's and classical Pentecostals' views by way of a comparative literature study. It is concluded that a pneumatological basis should serve as a condition for representative biblical hermeneutics. It implies that the church can benefit from revisiting its hermeneutics ecumenically with a definite consideration of the role of the Spirit in the processes of interpreting the Bible for contemporary people.CONTRIBUTION: In reading and interpreting the Bible, what role does the Holy Spirit play' The article asserts that a pneumatological basis should serve as a condition for representative biblical hermeneutics by comparing John Calvin's and Pentecostals' view of the subjective influence of the Spirit, concluding that an ecumenical revisiting of hermeneutics is necessary
       
  • Hasan Hanafi, new theology and cultural revolution: An analysis of
           cultural intensification

    • Abstract: In the perspective of Hasan Hanafi, the renewal of Islamic thought in the Arab world must produce a new concept of theology and present a cultural revolution. A new theology must be developed through a progressive life perspective rooted in liberation and social justice. It is intended to free Arab-Islamic society from regression and fragmentation, producing a society that is just, prosperous and civilised. The renewal of Islamic thought must be progressive to ensure that it can produce a cultural revolution that can create a populistic social and ideological structure in Arab life, thereby ensuring that the faithful are intelligent, modern and have a high level of social solidarity. This study is guided by the theory of cultural intensification, which emphasises that the relations between individuals and society are rooted in sociological, psychological and theological challenges and holds that social and divine laws are intended to promote a human emotional involvement in social life. The analysis emphasises the relationship between Hasan Hanafi, as an individual, with general Arab society, with a focus on his understanding of social challenges, the psychological condition of Arab society and classical theology. This study indicates that the Arab-Islamic world requires a new theology, one that is anthropocentric, populistic and transformative, which remains grounded and oriented towards the realisation of prosperity and social justice. Cultural revolution, meanwhile, offers a liberational ideology for the subjugated and legitimisation for every social struggle. It also holds that no entity that exists on its own, without any humanitarian context, has meaning; there is only a correlational truth connecting objective reality and universal human values. As such, new theology - in conjunction with cultural revolution - can radically transform the orientation of Arab-Islamic thought from static, passive and traditional to progressive and oppositional. In doing so, it can offer liberation and social justice.CONTRIBUTION: This article provides an intellectual framework to dissect Hasan Hanafi's new theological ideas by using cultural perspective, particularly cultural intensification theory, as well as work praxis in an effort to build democratic, egalitarian, just, equality before the law and uphold human rights of Muslim society
       
  • Revelation as a discourse of language through speech act theory

    • Abstract: Systematic theology regards revelation as a divine discourse between God and us. However, it seems that it does not fully explain how God's divine discourse transforms our life and what implications it has. Therefore, this article suggests investigating 'revelation as a discourse of language' in the light of speech act theory (SAT). If we illuminate revelation as a discourse of language as a SAT, the following three hermeneutical contributions to revelation are expected: firstly, revelation is a 'communicative act' between God and believer as a 'discourse of language' of God; secondly, it shows how the language of revelation bridges the gap between 'divine language' and 'human language' in terms of revelation as a discourse of language, and thirdly, it confirms how God's Word (revelation) is real in the lives of believers.CONTRIBUTION: While this article engages the traditional theological notion of revelation as a discourse of language between God and humans, it argues that reconsidering this notion in the light of speech act theory. It can explain God's language discourse transforms the lives of believers and the Word (revelation) is fulfilled in their lives
       
  • Hindrance as a motivation in divine guidance: The example of Paul

    • Abstract: A number of factors are at work as they relate to divine guidance in the life of a Christian. Examples of odegeology - the neologism given to this dimension of practical theology - are discussed in this article around the scriptural topos of hindrance as a motivation in Paul's guidance. Four examples are considered that are drawn from the book of Acts and from his own letters. The circumstances related to these hindrances are discussed, and relevant applications are drawn from them. The article closes with a contemporary example of hindrance resulting from the coronavirus pandemic of 2019. It looks at lessons Christians are learning about the hindrances caused by this virus as they cope with restrictive stay-at-home orders. These are suggested as somewhat analogous to Paul's two extended imprisonments.CONTRIBUTION: This article is the first to explore systematically all the texts regarding hindrance as a motivation for guidance related to Paul in the book of Acts and his letters. Guidance in the Christian life remains an important dimension within Practical Theology, a theological discipline within the journal's publishing tradition
       
  • A new perspective on sin in the age of globalisation: Analyses and
           reflections of sin in the case of nation-state building of the United
           States

    • Abstract: An interconnected and interdependent world in the age of globalisation invites Christianity to a different understanding of sin, which has been individualistically understood, because individualistic understanding of sin is impotent to address injustice or oppression caused by collective sins, wherein human beings have been collectively involved in. In order to overcome individualistic understanding of sin, this article is critically engaged in the concepts, such as concrete totality, which sees both individuality and socialness as constitutive parts of human beings, tyranny of collective identity through which oppression and injustice is carried out to unspecified others and retreat from truth to omnipotence, which is a concretised example of tyranny of collective identity in a nation-state building of the United States. Retreat from truth to omnipotence means that the United States covers its blamable history with relation to Native Americans and immigrants and justifies the discrimination and exclusion of others using untrue social, political, hygienic and economic reasons. Retreat from truth to omnipotence is not a temporal aberration but a constant repetition in the US history. To address discrimination and exclusion of others necessitates a new understanding of sin, that is, sin of human beings as concrete totality rather than an exclusively individualistic view of sin.CONTRIBUTION: The article explores a necessity of emphasizing collective dimension of sin to address injustice and oppression caused by tyranny of collective identity in a globalizing world. It provides a theological foundation for building a welcoming political community to immigrants who have been unjustly discriminated or excluded
       
  • Hindu-Muslim relations in Kashmir: A critical evaluation

    • Abstract: India was under British colonial rule for a good number of years with her plural ethno-religious background and identity, which was to become the basis of an unending conflict. Several pre-colonial and post-colonial conditioning antecedents have been marshalled to buttress the premise leading to the conclusion that the British colonial era laid the time bomb along ethno-religious contours which exploded in 1947 thereby giving rise to the balkanisation of India into two separate states, that is India and Pakistan. Two major religious groups that is Hindus and Muslims became the gladiators in India's partition. The Kashmir region of India, a town of religious confluence, has a history of conflicts that is perceived by different people as politico-religious and socio-economic. This article focuses on religion as a core tenet of every cultural worldview and its significance to both Hindus and Muslims, and how it has become the progressively vital central marker of identity and a smouldering keg of gun powder for conflict in Kashmir. Furthermore, this article contends that religion plays a key role in the conflict between Hindus and Muslims in Kashmir because of its significance and influence on both religions. India that is known as a mother to various religions cannot relegate the primary role of religion in their political and socio-economic affairs. Therefore, it is right to acknowledge politico-religious and socio-economic factors in the Hindu-Muslim conflict in the state of Kashmir. And, it will not be wrong to affirm that religion plays a key role in the conflict between Hindus and Muslims in Kashmir.CONTRIBUTION: The article is a contribution in religious issues in India. It reveals how political power and sociopolitical antecedents are mostly recognised by religious scholars and historians as the reason for the fracas between Hindus and Muslims. It explains the influence and implication of religion in the Hindu-Muslim relations in Kashmir region
       
  • Spiritualised political theology in a polarised political environment: A
           Pentecostal movement's response to party politics in Zimbabwe

    • Abstract: This article interrogates the interface between the older Pentecostal movement and politics in Zimbabwe. The country continues to face political violence and a breakdown in rule of law. The Zimbabwean populace is asking whether the Zimbabwean Pentecostal movement is ready and able to exercise its prophetic role in promoting real peace and democracy. Many Zimbabweans are asking this question, because the track record shows that whilst most mainline churches have been consistent in becoming the voice of the voiceless, some Zimbabwean Pentecostal churches seem to have been sitting on the fence for too long by adopting a middle of the road stance, thereby avoiding a head-on confrontation with the corrupt Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) government. In this article, I argue that for many decades the Zimbabwean Pentecostal movement has taken what one might refer to ironically as a 'smart approach to politics'-in which the image of the ZANU-PF government is sanitised by espousing what I call a 'spiritualised political theology.' I use this critique, whilst remaining cognisant of the fact that the primary motivation of the movement on which I focus in this article, was evangelism, not politics. Thus, for the purpose of this research, the Zimbabwe Assemblies of God Africa (ZAOGA) of Apostle Ezekiel Guti was sampled to investigate its prophetic voice in a polarised political environment. This article examines the history of Apostle Guti's political subterfuge based on the reflections of his pastoral letters referred to as the 'Ten-days prayer letters' issued since 1975 up to the time of writing this article. It is important at this early stage to outline that these letters were not political statements or meant to address politics only but theological letters addressing different social ills including politics. Thus, reading this letter one shall see that Apostle's political subterfuge demonstrated a continuous oscillation of a theological position on how the church should relate to politics. Furthermore, I undertake a brief examination of other few millennial Zimbabwean Pentecostal churches to see if this political subterfuge transcended elsewhere thereby propagating a spiritualised political theology.CONTRIBUTION: What is key to note is the fact that the Zimbabwean Pentecostal movement remained insignificant with regard to democratization agenda even after the removal of President Mugabe. The above claim is evidenced by the Zimbabwean Pentecostal church founders' continuous political subterfuge authenticated by a propagation of a spiritualized political theology
       
  • Transversal modes of being a missional church in the digital context of
           COVID-19

    • Abstract: The disruptions of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in the year 2020 reshaped all aspects of life, including religious practices and rituals. As more religious activities shifted to digital space during the lockdown periods, there was a growing need to examine the link between religion and digital media. Using the model of the Uniting Presbyterian Church in Southern Africa (UPCSA), this article draws on the notion of transversal rationality and concepts of rationality, cognitive, evaluative and pragmatic to posit that COVID-19 has configured traditional missional and liturgical spaces in ways that locate the agency of the marginalised at the centre. The article highlights how COVID-19 configured Christian mission as it disrupted power dynamics through religious digital spaces, which emerged as a new way of reimaging a missional church. These new digital spaces mediate between interaction and 'telepresence', embodied in the representations of the sacred available through online religious systems in practices where users are no longer ordinary believers - but religious participants who have power and freedom to choose. Although this is not a new phenomenon, the article concludes that such spaces created by COVID-19 shifts in power dynamics present opportunities for ordinary members to reinvent new meanings on what it means to be present or absent, to name, narrate and reinterpret the divine and forge new meanings towards participating in the mission of God.CONTRIBUTION: Although this is not a new phenomenon, this article represents a systematic and practical reflection within a paradigm in which the intersection of philosophy, religious studies, social sciences, humanities and natural sciences generate an interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary contested discourse
       
  • Redemption and restoration: The anti-slavery/trafficking call of Christian
           missions in South Africa today

    • Abstract: This article engages with the religious dimension of the politics of anti-slavery/trafficking and presents an analysis of select Christian-identified organisations working in anti-slavery/trafficking in South Africa. Using website content of the select organisations as primary material, the article argues that in similar ways to the paternalistic early Christian missionary approach to indigenous religious practices, the politics of paternalism persist to this day in the realm of Christian organisations working in anti-slavery in South Africa. That is, the 'White Saviour Industrial Complex' identified by Teju Cole is pervasive in the rhetoric of these Christian organisations. Consequently, and firstly, the article further bolsters the argument that the African continent has frequently been treated as a key site for formulating and testing a variety of models of humanitarian assistance, aid and economic development dating from the colonial era to the present neocolonial one. However, and secondly, the article also highlights that there is ambivalence in the ways in which the Christian anti-slavery/trafficking organisations in South Africa take up a key feminist concept of empowerment as informing how they understand their work. As such, the article proposes that caution be applied in critically engaging the discourse of these organisations.CONTRIBUTION: This article engages with the religious dimension of the politics of anti-slavery/trafficking and presents an analysis of select Christian-identified organisations working in anti-slavery/trafficking in South Africa. The article illustrates how the intersection of political studies and religion is part of the journal's focus on interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary and transdisciplinary contested discourse
       
  • Practical ministry and finances: A case study from InnerCHANGE South
           Africa

    • Abstract: The church is called to be a tangible messenger of hope in society. Communities of poverty, especially, need a church that carries its mandate both through proclamation and through deed. This research is a case study of a team located in South Africa that is part of an international missional order called InnerCHANGE. The latter focuses on discipleship and the nurturing of local leaders who are community builders in areas of poverty. This focus is expressed through practical ministry initiatives. The latter necessitates finances through the team does not always have. A desire to overcome its financial challenges led it to decide to get some training in financial literacy, so that it can improve its fundraising efforts. This training was provided by a finance broker. The latter started his teaching with personal finances before going into organisational finances. He believed that good personal financial stewardship leads to good corporate financial stewardship. The outcome of this training led ICSA staff and the board of directors to diversify their fundraising efforts and to set the target of saving 15% of its income. The work is still in progress for reaching this target. However, for 2 years in a row, ICSA has been making some good progress in increasing its income and savings. This article concludes by advising the body of Christ serving from below to pursue training in financial management so that it can strengthen its checks and balance system which could lead to sustainability.CONTRIBUTION: This article contributes to the on-going discussions about financially sustainable models of the church from below in Africa so that the church can remain an important role player in serving local communities practically. It uses InnerCHANGE South Africa as a case study of such efforts
       
  • 'He said that the manna is that called taranjebin': Ibn Ezra against Hiwi
           al-Balkhi's interpretation of the biblical story of the manna

    • Abstract: The biblical story on the miracle of the manna in the Sinai Desert aroused many discussions and interpretations over the generations. The current study focuses on Ibn Ezra's controversy with Hiwi al-Balkhi on the question of whether the manna was a natural or miraculous phenomenon. The article explores the claims of the two sides in light of the historical evidence and the literature describing the phenomenon of 'falling manna' in various areas of the Sinai Desert and Eastern countries. According to Hiwi, the manna that rained down on the Israelites is taranjebin, a semi-liquid resinous sweet secretion of insects (honeydew) that exudes onto plants. Ibn Ezra deals with Hiwi's claims through a series of refutations and arguments. He argues that the characteristics of the taranjebin do not fit the description of the biblical manna. For example, it does not come down in the Sinai Desert, it appears during a limited season, does not melt in the sun and does not rot during the night, and serves as a medicine rather than as food.CONTRIBUTION: This article contributes to the understanding of Hiwi al-Balkhi's identification of the biblical manna as honeydew and Ibn Ezra's claims against his thesis. It expounds the commentators' interpretations from a multidisciplinary perspective, such as the reality of harvesting the taranjebin in Iran and North Africa and its uses as food and medicine in the medieval culture
       
  • African spirituality in the Johane Masowe Chishanu religious movement in
           Zimbabwe: A Christian church-sect dichotomy

    • Abstract: This study explored the impact of African indigenous spirituality on African indigenous churches (AICs), particularly in the Zimbabwean context, a special focus was on the Johane Masowe Chishanu (JMC) religious movement spirituality. The spirituality of the JMC religious movement is examined by cross-examining its denigration of the centrality of the Bible, the historical Jesus and the temple gathering as the movement appropriates and re-socialises traditional African shrines for religious gatherings. Thus, the following questions are raised in this study: is the appropriation and resocialisation of African traditional shrines, the denigration of the Bible and the disregarding of the historical Jesus for salvation by the JMC a conscious or unconscious move' If it is a conscious move, the follow-up question is: what motivates the JMC religious movement to regard such religious shrines, whilst disregarding the Bible and Jesus for its spirituality and, because of this, does the JMC religious movement retain the label 'a Christian church' or has become a sect'CONTRIBUTION: While majority of African scholars were celebrating the proliferation of Christianity in the continent as evidenced by an unremitting mushrooming of African Indigenous Churches, some Zimbabwean scholars were categorizing Johane Masowe Chishanu church a sect. Therefore, this article examine the veracity and provenances of the Johane Masowe Chishanu church-sect dichotomy in Zimbabwe
       
  • Theological reflection, divorced from the incarnational nature of the
           Christian faith, invalidates the Bible

    • Abstract: This article draws its inspiration from the famous excerpt of the 5th century Father and Doctor of the Roman Catholic Church, Jerome, who firmly claims in his Commentary on Isaiah (Nn 1.2: CCL 73, 1-3) that ignorance of Scripture is ignorance of Christ. By this exhortation he urged Christians to recognise the serious necessity to study the Word of God as it is not an optional luxury to be used and interpreted with tawdriness. The secret of this renowned biblical scholar was to adhere to a fundamental criterion, namely, to interpret the Holy Scriptures in harmony with the Roman Catholic Church's magisterium, and thus no person is at liberty to interpret the scriptures alone and slip into self-righteous error. Jerome believed that the authentic interpretation of Scripture is harmonious with the faith of the (Catholic) Church and when 'correctly attuned', only then the reader is authorised to understand Sacred Scripture. Scripture is the foundation of theological truth and this article endeavours to disclose that when the bible is not perceived as an inexhaustible source of inspiration and guidance, it is left open for distasteful interpretations and becomes a recipe for scripture twisting. Relevant and engaging theology is biblically connected and when theological reflection is not embedded in the biblical narrative and contemporary life, Scripture is invalidated. Hence, Jerome cautioned: '[r]emain firmly attached to the traditional doctrine that you have been taught, so that you can preach according to right doctrine and refute those who contradict it' (Eph 52, 7).CONTRIBUTION: The point of departure of this article is that for Christians Scripture is the foundation of theological truth. Its contribution lays in the art of authentic scripture interpretation and by so doing the scholar keeps trend with the Christian faith and precludes complacent error
       
 
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