Subjects -> RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (Total: 837 journals)
    - BUDDHIST (14 journals)
    - EASTERN ORTHODOX (1 journals)
    - HINDU (6 journals)
    - ISLAMIC (175 journals)
    - JUDAIC (24 journals)
    - OTHER DENOMINATIONS AND SECTS (4 journals)
    - PROTESTANT (21 journals)
    - RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (559 journals)
    - ROMAN CATHOLIC (33 journals)

RELIGION AND THEOLOGY (559 journals)            First | 1 2 3     

Showing 201 - 197 of 197 Journals sorted alphabetically
Jewish Social Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Jewish Studies Quarterly     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Język - Szkoła - Religia     Open Access  
Jonathan Edwards Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal for Christian Scholarship = Tydskrif vir Christelike Wetenskap     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal for Islamic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
Journal for Peace and Justice Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal for Semitics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal for the Cognitive Science of Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal for the History of Modern Theology/Zeitschrift für Neuere Theologiegeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 88)
Journal for the Study of Judaism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal for the Study of Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 23)
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal for the Study of Spirituality     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal for the Study of the Historical Jesus     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Journal for the Study of the New Testament     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
Journal for the Study of the Old Testament     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 50)
Journal for the Study of the Pseudepigrapha     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Adult Theological Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Adventist Mission Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Africana Religions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Analytic Divinity     Open Access  
Journal of Analytic Theology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Ancient Near Eastern Religions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Anglican Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Applied Christian Leadership     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Arab & Muslim Media Research     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Beliefs & Values: Studies in Religion & Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Biblical Literature     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 58)
Journal of Burma Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Chinese Humanities     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Chinese Religions     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Church and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of College and Character     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Contemporary Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 25)
Journal of Coptic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Disability & Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Journal of Early Christian History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Early Christian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Early Modern Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 21)
Journal of East Asian Linguistics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Eastern African Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Eastern Christian Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Empirical Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Feminist Studies in Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Friends of Lutheran Archives     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Graduate Review Nakhon Sawan Buddhist College     Open Access  
Journal of Ilahiyat Researches     Open Access  
Journal of Inductive Biblical Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Journal of Islamic Manuscripts     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Islamic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Jewish Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Korean Religions     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Law and Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Law, Religion and State     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Journal of Media and Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Medieval Monastic Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Medieval Religious Cultures     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Journal of Men, Masculinities and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Moravian History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Muslim Mental Health     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Pastoral Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Journal of Pentecostal Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Philosophy, Culture and Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Psychology and Judaism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Journal of Qur'anic Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Reformed Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 14)
Journal of Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 33)
Journal of Religion & Film     Open Access   (Followers: 9)
Journal of Religion and Business Ethics     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Journal of Religion and Health     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Journal of Religion and Human Relations     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Religion and Popular Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 20)
Journal of Religion and Violence     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Religion in Africa     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Journal of Religion in Europe     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 11)
Journal of Religion in Japan     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Religion Spirituality & Aging     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Journal of Religious Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of Religious Ethics     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
Journal of Religious History     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 19)
Journal of Research on Christian Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the American Academy of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 36)
Journal of the Bible and Its Reception     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 9)
Journal of the British Association for the Study of Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the European Pentecostal Theological Association     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Journal of the Society of Christian Ethics     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Journal of the Sociology and Theory of Religion     Open Access  
Journal of Theological Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 18)
Journal of Youth and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Jurnal Filsafat     Open Access  
Jurnal Teologi     Open Access  
Kalimah : Journal of Religious Studies and Islamic Thought     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Kernos     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kerygma     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Kerygma und Dogma     Hybrid Journal  
Kieleckie Studia Teologiczne / Kielce Theological Studies     Open Access  
Kirchliche Zeitgeschichte     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Kirke og Kultur     Full-text available via subscription  
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship = Koers : Bulletin vir Christelike Wetenskap     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Komunika: Jurnal Dakwah dan Komunikasi     Open Access  
Kościół i Prawo     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Kufa Review     Open Access  
Labyrinth : An International Journal for Philosophy, Value Theory and Sociocultural Hermeneutics     Open Access  
Landas : Journal of Loyola School of Theology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Laval théologique et philosophique     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Leaven     Open Access  
Lebenswelt : Aesthetics and philosophy of experience     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
Levant     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 5)
Liber Annuus     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Linacre Quarterly     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Literature and Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Liturgy     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Logos: A Journal of Catholic Thought and Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Louvain Studies     Full-text available via subscription  
Lumen Vitae     Full-text available via subscription  
Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Mandrágora     Open Access  
Marife Dini Araştırmalar Dergisi     Open Access  
Marriage, Families & Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Material Religion : The Journal of Objects, Art and Belief     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Mayéutica     Hybrid Journal  
Medieval Encounters     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
Medieval Mystical Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Medieval Sermon Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 4)
MELINTAS     Open Access  
Middle Eastern Literatures: incorporating Edebiyat     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Midéo : Mélanges de l'Institut dominicain d'études orientales     Open Access  
Missiology : An International Review     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 7)
Mission Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 10)
Missionalia : Southern African Journal of Mission Studies     Open Access   (Followers: 4)
Modern Believing     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 1)
Modern Judaism : A Journal of Jewish Ideas and Experience     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Modern Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 28)
Muslim World Journal of Human Rights     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Naharaim     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Nashim : A Journal of Jewish Women's Studies & Gender Issues     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 14)
Nations and Nationalism     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 16)
Neotestamentica     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 12)
Neue Zeitschrift für Systematische Theologie und Religionsphilosophie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 8)
New Blackfriars     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
New Testament Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 34)
New Theology Review     Open Access   (Followers: 7)
Newman Studies Journal     Full-text available via subscription  
Nordic Journal of Religion and Society     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Nova Religio     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)
Novum Testamentum     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 24)
NTT Journal for Theology and the Study of Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 2)
Numen     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 12)
O Que Nos Faz Pensar : Cadernos do Departamento de Filosofia da PUC-Rio     Open Access  
Oksident     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Old Testament Essays     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 19)
Oliviana     Open Access  
Ons Geestelijk Erf     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Open Theology     Open Access   (Followers: 6)
Oxford Journal of Law and Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Pacifica : Australasian Theological Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Paedagogia Christiana     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
PARALELLUS : Revista de Estudos de Religião - UNICAP     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pastoraltheologie : Monatsschrift für Wissenschaft und Praxis in Kirche und Gesellschaft     Hybrid Journal  
Patristica Nordica Annuaria     Open Access  
Patterns of Prejudice     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pensamiento. Revista de Investigación e Información Filosófica     Open Access  
Perichoresis     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Perspectiva Teológica     Open Access  
Philosophy and Theology     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 7)
Philosophy, Theology and the Sciences     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
PLURA, Revista de Estudos de Religião / PLURA, Journal for the Study of Religion     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Pneuma     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Pointers: Bulletin of the Christian Research Association     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Political Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 13)
Politics and Religion     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 9)
Polonia Sacra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Pomegranate : The International Journal of Pagan Studies     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 6)
Poznańskie Studia Teologiczne     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Practical Theology     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 22)
Praktische Theologie     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Praktyka Teoretyczna     Open Access  
Prismet     Open Access  
Pro Musica Sacra     Open Access   (Followers: 1)
Process Studies     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 1)
Prooftexts : A Journal of Jewish Literary History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 15)
Protokolle zur Bibel     Open Access  
Psychology of Religion and Spirituality     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 17)
QUAERENS: Journal of Theology and Christianity Studies     Open Access  
Quaker History     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 5)
Questions Liturgiques/Studies in Liturgy     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 3)
Recherches de Théologie et Philosophie Médiévales     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 4)
Reformed Theological Review, The     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 11)
Region and Periphery     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Relegere : Studies in Religion and Reception     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Religião e Sociedade     Open Access   (Followers: 3)
Religija ir kultūra     Open Access   (Followers: 2)
Religion     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 15)
Religion & Education     Hybrid Journal   (Followers: 3)
Religion and American Culture     Full-text available via subscription   (Followers: 6)

  First | 1 2 3     

Similar Journals
Journal Cover
Leo Baeck Institute Yearbook
Journal Prestige (SJR): 0.101
Number of Followers: 4  
 
  Hybrid Journal Hybrid journal (It can contain Open Access articles)
ISSN (Print) 0075-8744 - ISSN (Online) 1758-437X
Published by Oxford University Press Homepage  [412 journals]
  • Arnold Paucker 6 January 1921–13 October 2016
    • Authors: Pulzer P.
      Pages: 3 - 7
      Abstract: For the best part of half a century, Arnold Paucker represented the outward face of the London Leo Baeck Institute, both as its director and as editor of the Year Book. For much of this time he was also vice-president of the International Leo Baeck Institute. His path to these important and influential positions was, however, an implausible one.
      PubDate: 2017-05-09
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx004
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Speaking English with an Accent
    • Authors: Paucker A.
      Pages: 9 - 19
      Abstract: The essay which follows requires some introductory sentences in German.** In 1993 I was invited to give the opening speech at an international conference on exile in London, primarily dedicated to the many problems of integration which German-speaking emigrants encountered in Great Britain in the 1930s. In shared deliberations on shaping the programme of this conference, I noticed that the language problem had not received sufficient attention within the framework of exile studies to date. Therefore, I chose to examine this issue in my contribution. Refugees and emigrants arrive with their foreign pronunciation of English—the newcomer or the person who is new to a language is immediately confronted by the often uncomprehending natives, and if he even so much as begins to make Germanic guttural sounds, then the situation becomes yet more difficult. My topic certainly has a serious undertone, but it is simply inevitable that comedy prevails. Since I myself belonged to the group of which I speak here, my portrayal naturally also includes autobiographical elements. And finally, as my readers can see immediately, such a lecture must be reproduced the way it was originally held, even if its effect is somewhat weakened by the written form. It simply does not lend itself to transmission into German; in fact, it is not translatable.
      PubDate: 2017-08-31
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx005
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Introduction
    • Authors: Spector S.
      Pages: 23 - 25
      Abstract: The origin of the two essays in this section was a workshop in Montreal in September 2014 on the topic ‘Jewish Conditions, Theories of Nationalism’. The event was organized by Till van Rahden and John A. Hall, and sponsored by McGill University and the Centre canadien d'études allemandes et européennes at the Université de Montréal. At the centre of the workshop was a provocative question regarding the conspicuous over-representation of thinkers of European Jewish origin in the contributions to classical nationalism theory (at one point there was even the preparation of a list—Ernest Gellner and Karl Deutsch, Hans Kohn and others, including the likes of Hannah Arendt, Otto Bauer, and Karl Polanyi). Even before we began, van Rahden and Hall put out a call for a ‘post-heroic’ approach, attending to the particular, local origins and characters of theories of nationalism that have then taken on lives of their own, and that require or deserve their own individual biographies. The two papers to make their way into this special section of the Year Book have likewise taken on trajectories of their own, albeit linked to their point of origin in that workshop. Chiefly, they do not concentrate directly on the production of nationalism theory as such, although some of the questions arising in that venue filter through in the essays published here.
      PubDate: 2017-08-16
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx016
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Can Parallels Meet' Hannah Arendt and Isaiah Berlin on the Jewish
           Post-Emancipatory Quest for Political Freedom
    • Authors: Dubnov A.
      Pages: 27 - 51
      Abstract: ABSTRACTIs there a hidden dialogue that allows us to compare and connect Sir Isaiah Berlin’s liberal political philosophy and the civic-republican perspective developed by Hannah Arendt' These two anti-totalitarian cold war Jewish thinkers are conventionally read as representatives of mutually exclusive political philosophies. This paper argues that despite their personal animosity and their present-day iconic images, it would be wrong to see them as inhabiting two different intellectual universes. The political writings of both were informed by their interwar and wartime activities as Zionists and their ongoing obsession with dilemmas of excessive assimilation, which they both tended to interpret mainly as a question of the personal psychology of individual Jews in post-emancipatory Europe. The post-war political philosophies each developed would be better understood against the backdrop of their earlier political activities, not because they were constructed on similar grounds, but because both offered answers to similar dilemmas.
      PubDate: 2017-08-02
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx010
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Nation and Empire in Modern Jewish European History
    • Authors: Hacohen M.
      Pages: 53 - 65
      Abstract: ABSTRACTIn the past two decades, U.S. historians of Western colonialism and of central Europe have underlined empire’s normativity and the nation state’s exceptionalism. The implications of the imperial turn for Jewish European history are this essay’s subject. It focuses on the Jewish political experience of nation and empire in central Europe and, specifically, on its divergence in fin-de-siècle Germany and Austria. Both were nationalizing empires, but the former, at once a continental and overseas empire, abided by the nation state’s logic, which drove towards a uniformly ethnicized political culture, whereas the latter, a continental empire, nationalized against its will and experimented with federalism to attenuate nationalism and accommodate ethnocultural pluralism. The essay highlights the unique political opportunities which late imperial Austria opened for the Jews but projects them against a darker two-millennia-long Jewish engagement with empire. The imperial longue durée accounts both for liberal Jews’ enchantment with the nation state, the maker of Jewish emancipation, and for traditional Jews’ continued loyalty to imperial ideals.
      PubDate: 2017-05-06
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx002
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Germans or Jews' German-Speaking Jews in Post-War Europe: An
           Introduction
    • Authors: Čapková K; Rechter D.
      Pages: 69 - 74
      Abstract: Historians have devoted increasing attention in the past decade to the aftermath of the Shoah, focusing in particular on the Displaced Persons (DP) camps in the American, British, and French occupation zones of Germany and Austria.11 A number of important studies have brought the crucial topic of migration to the fore, examining the flight of Jewish DPs and their frustration at being denied entry to their chosen destinations—mostly to Palestine, but also to the United States and elsewhere. For the most part these studies deal with Yiddish-speaking eastern European (primarily Polish) Jews who saw no future in a Europe awash with antisemitism; the overwhelming majority dreamt of joining the ranks of the Jewish state-in-the-making in Palestine. In this reading the DP camps constitute an important part both of European and Israeli history, and slot comfortably into Zionist and cold war narratives on Europe—and especially on eastern Europe—that rejected any future for Jews in post-war Europe and instead valorized Palestine as the appropriate national project.
      PubDate: 2017-08-16
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx014
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Without a Home: German Jews as Displaced Persons in Post-War Germany
    • Authors: Feinstein M.
      Pages: 75 - 93
      Abstract: ABSTRACTAfter the Second World War, some German €Jews renounced their German heritage and proclaimed themselves stateless displaced persons (DPs). Unlike other DPs, they shared a common culture, history, and language with the perpetrators of the Holocaust. The language they spoke identified them as Germans, providing them with both opportunities and difficulties as they navigated the complex post-war world. German-language skills allowed for easier border crossings, since Jews could pose as ethnic Germans or as German prisoners of war. For those not wanting to live in displaced persons camps, their language ability facilitated interactions with the German authorities responsible for the housing and ration cards issued to free-living DPs. It also allowed them to seek retribution through assisting in the apprehension and prosecution of war criminals. The disadvantages of being German speakers were most evident outside of Germany’s borders and within the confines of the DP camps. In these locations German was the language of the oppressor, and it was all too easy to confuse German Jews with German perpetrators and to treat them as enemy nationals. Intending to leave Germany, German-Jewish DPs occupied an uncomfortable space between their former fellow countrymen and the predominantly eastern European Jewish DPs.
      PubDate: 2017-08-10
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx012
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Experiences of Stigmatization, Discrimination, and Exclusion:
           German-Jewish Survivors in Wrocław, 1945–1947
    • Authors: Friedla K.
      Pages: 95 - 113
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThe history of Breslau/Wrocław mirrors all the catastrophes of the twentieth century: racially based nationalism, the mass murder of Jews, the nonsense of war, flight, expulsion, displacement, and other consequences of totalitarianism. After the Second World War, the Polish Jews who survived the Holocaust were resettled in the region of Lower Silesia and in Wrocław especially. What deserves particular attention is the return of a group of more than sixteen hundred German-Jewish survivors from Breslau to post-war Polish Wrocław. For the German-Jewish survivors from Breslau, who had survived the National Socialist regime in hiding places, concentration or forced labour camps, May 1945 brought their long-awaited liberation. But the fact is that for this group of survivors, the following months were full of new traumatic experiences. They were treated by both the Soviet military and the Polish administration in the same way as the German citizens of the Third Reich. Parallel to the ongoing resettlement of German inhabitants from Breslau/Wrocław in the years 1945 to1948, German Jews suffered persecution, expropriation, and expulsion for the second time. On the basis of numerous witness testimonies and archival documents, I wish not only to reconstruct those events in the first post-war years in Wrocław and Lower Silesia but also to answer questions pertaining to social framework, concepts of identity and strategies of self-assertion, and, finally, to the rift between western and eastern European Jewry.
      PubDate: 2017-09-08
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx009
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Between Liberation and Emigration: Jews from Bukovina in Romania after the
           Second World War
    • Authors: Fisher G.
      Pages: 115 - 132
      Abstract: ABSTRACTIn the immediate aftermath of the Second World War, Jewish survivors from Bukovina faced huge challenges. These included statelessness, economic hardship, physical illness, and a crisis of belonging. Indeed, whether they had been repatriated from deportations to Transnistria or had survived the war in Cernăuţi, families had been decimated, pre-war social and economic networks had been dismantled, and social trust destroyed. To add to this, in 1944, the north of the region with the capital, German Czernowitz, Romanian Cernăuţi, Russian Chernovtsy and Ukrainian Chernivtsi became part of the Soviet Union. Many Bukovina Jews therefore crossed the border into Romania—the country of which they had been citizens before the war. This article explores the fate of these ‘survivor-refugees’ from Bukovina in post-war Romania—between liberation and emigration—from the perspective of individuals. For this, it draws on official sources and contemporary ego-documents (letters and diaries). It asks about the options and choices Jewish Bukovinians faced as the war came to an end, the meaning of ‘liberation’, and the means of coming to terms with suffering and persecution. It highlights the specificity of their situation compared with and in relation to Jews in Romania and elsewhere who had survived the war under different circumstances. It thereby traces the evolution of their situation against the backdrop of the Romanian political transition from fascism to communism.
      PubDate: 2017-08-02
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx011
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Science and the Rabbis: Haskamot, Haskalah, and the Boundaries of Jewish
           Knowledge in Scientific Hebrew Literature and Textbooks *
    • Authors: Kogman T.
      Pages: 135 - 149
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThe present article will examine the rabbinical haskamot (approbations) given to maskilic scientific literature published in central Europe from the last decades of the eighteenth century and throughout the nineteenth century. These haskamot include valuable evidence of disputes between maskilim and traditionalists, as well as of important areas of agreement between them. They also shed light on the essential change that took place in rabbis’ attitudes towards the sciences and science books. At the beginning of the relevant period, Hebrew science books were considered by rabbis to be potentially dangerous. Rabbis sought to minimize the Haskalah movement’s impact by blocking its library. To this end, one of the main tools available to them was the rabbinical institution of haskamah. But this state of affairs changed gradually during the nineteenth century. Haskamot and recommendations that encouraged the reading of Hebrew science books became more common, illustrating the rabbis’ awareness of the changing times, as well as the manner in which they made use of the haskamah as a vehicle for achieving the goals they deemed essential at the time. Rabbis began perceiving Hebrew science books as a remedy of sorts for the worrying decline in Hebrew articulacy. Like the maskilim, they believed that reading about astronomy, physics, geography, and other sciences in Hebrew would bypass the need to acquire foreign languages and assist in preserving the Jews’ affinity with the Holy Tongue and the Jewish community.
      PubDate: 2017-01-07
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybw021
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Towards a Bookish History of German Jewish Culture: Travelling Images and
           Orientalist Knowledge in Philippson’s ‘Israelitische Bibel’
           (1839–1854)
    • Authors: Wittler K.
      Pages: 151 - 177
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThis essay discusses the genesis of the liberal Rabbi Ludwig Philippson’s Israelitische Bibel (1839–1854) and its role in nineteenth-century German Jewish culture. Taking a bibliographical perspective, I analyse how this Bible edition—as a book—mediated the nineteenth-century transformation of Jewish traditions in an orientalist vein. In the first part, I sketch the Israelitische Bibel’s production against the backdrop of European book history and retrace its five hundred woodcuts to their direct source, the English Christian Pictorial Bible (1835–1838). In the second part, I compare in detail how the Song of Songs is treated and presented in these two Bible editions, thereby highlighting their diverging orientalist profiles. Through this analysis, Philippson’s Israelitische Bibel is revealed as an ambitious reworking of the Bible which makes visible the particular profile of German Jewish orientalism, namely its emphasis on notions of pastoral simplicity and moral integrity in evaluations of Hebrew poetry as opposed to other oriental literatures, and its interest in Sephardic Jewry as a model of oriental-occidental mediation. Based on this case study, I argue that book history may help us to better understand the historically specific dynamics of (German) Jewish orientalism which have received increased attention in recent years.
      PubDate: 2017-03-14
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx001
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Proto-Zionism Reconsidered: Wilhelm Herzberg’s Early German-Jewish
           Nationalist Novel ‘Jewish Family Papers’ and the Discourse of
           Authenticity
    • Authors: Herrmann M.
      Pages: 179 - 195
      Abstract: ABSTRACTWilhelm Herzberg’s novel Jüdische Familienpapiere. Briefe eines Missionairs (Jewish Family Papers; or, Letters of a Missionary) (1868) incorporates several important insights regarding our conception of early German-Jewish nationalist or proto-Zionist discourse, two of which will be central to this article. First of all, the analysis of this discourse is usually limited to Moses Hess (1812–1875) and his Rome and Jerusalem of 1862, which is generally understood to be the first manifestation of modern Zionist thought and secular nationalist Judaism in the German lands. The rediscovery of Herzberg’s fascinating Jewish nationalist novel represents an important additional source for this period. Secondly, and this will be the main focus of the article, the novel represents a rich text for better understanding the context of early German-Jewish nationalist concepts and ideas, especially with regard to that of authenticity. The idea of authenticity, which comprises the notion of self-fulfilment, both collective and individual, is central to national theory. Within the German-Jewish realm, a distinctive national Jewish authenticity was constructed using religious, cultural, and geocultural aspects. This formation process operates with binary concepts such as Modernity/Tradition, Judaism/Christianity, and Hebrews/Hellenes, and additionally produces geocultural spheres of authenticity, such as ‘eastern Europe’ and ‘the Orient’.
      PubDate: 2017-06-20
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx007
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • A Mediterranean Vienna: The Work of Viennese Architects and the Presence
           of Central European Culture in the Haifa of the 1930s and 1940s
    • Authors: Fainholtz T.
      Pages: 197 - 223
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThe period of the British Mandate in Palestine (1917–1948) was a time of unprecedented prosperity and development for the Mediterranean city port of Haifa, as the building of the city’s refineries and harbour turned the sleepy town into British Palestine’s most important economic and industrial centre. The city’s growing economy attracted different communities, among them a community of Jewish immigrants from central Europe who were fleeing dire circumstances abroad. Many of these immigrants came from the former territories of the Austro-Hungarian empire and created in the city a vibrant German-speaking community and an elegant Viennese-style café society. These newcomers also brought with them a ‘preference’ for modernist architecture, which typified the city’s new buildings, some of the most striking of which were designed by Jewish émigré architects who had studied and worked in Vienna. This article explores the contribution of the Vienna-trained architects to the building of Haifa’s architectural image vis-à-vis the development of the city’s German-speaking Jewish community in the 1930s and 1940s. Telling the story of the city’s outstanding modernist heritage, the article presents how the work of these architects produced a unique ‘Vienna School’ of architecture, and how the arrival of the central European émigrés brought some of Vienna’s cultural lustre to the Mediterranean city of Haifa.
      PubDate: 2017-08-24
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx015
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • The Parochialism of Intellectual History: The Case of Günther Anders
    • Authors: Armon A.
      Pages: 225 - 241
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThe name of Günther Anders, who was one of the first philosophers to try to contend with the meaning of Being, ethics, and philosophy in the atomic age, was absent from Anglo-Saxon discourse during his own lifetime and has continued to be so since his death in 1992. He frequently wrote about the Holocaust and Hiroshima, about evil, the Vietnam War, Heidegger and the effects of technology, and its inherent destructive potential. However, the bulk of his writings has not yet been translated into English, and the studies that focus on him in the United States pale by comparison with those on other thinkers of his time.The reason he was marginalized is not only a matter of style or circumstances but also of language, location, and historical context—it is embedded in the text and content of his writings, which placed Auschwitz alongside Hiroshima and located signs of totalitarianism in the West as well. The purpose of this study is twofold: to locate Anders alongside other German-Jewish thinkers of the twentieth century and to provide an answer to the question of why historians, philosophers, and many scholars in the humanities and the social sciences in the United States have ignored his existence for so long.
      PubDate: 2017-01-12
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybw022
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Fighting Back! How to Deal with Antisemitism: A Historical Perspective
    • Authors: Schüler-Springorum S.
      Pages: 245 - 262
      Abstract: ABSTRACTThis article offers a fresh analysis of the history of the German-Jewish Abwehrkampf (defensive action) in order to illustrate possible strategies for the fight against anti-Jewish resentment, strategies typical of comparable processes in almost all European countries. As the huge amount of research in the field has shown, key examples of different, yet often interlaced options for action were numerous: Jews fought back with physical force, both individually and collectively; they wrote back in the form of scholarly confrontation with antisemitism, its documentation and analysis (thus laying the foundation for present-day research on antisemitism); they banded together for the purpose of Gegenwehr (resistance); they sued, fighting legal battles against anti-Jewish discrimination, insults, and violence; they tried to educate by producing for and distributing to a non-Jewish public various types of anti-antisemitic information; and they built coalitions with allies and political comrades-in-arms outside the Jewish sphere. Judging by German-Jewish history as of 1933, the Abwehrkampf in all its facets has failed. Antisemitism, however, cannot be judged solely as one prejudice among others but as coinciding with other factors endangering liberalism and democracy. Present-day antisemitism must be confronted with these same strategies used by earlier generations, but they must not be limited to an identity-oriented end in themselves, designed to confirm one’s own political opinion. Instead, these strategies should open up critical dialogue and argument.
      PubDate: 2017-05-02
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx003
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Introduction: Steven Schwarzschild’s Rabbinical Reports from
           Post-War Berlin
    • Authors: Schwarzschild M.
      Pages: 265 - 270
      Abstract: My father, Steven S. Schwarzschild, was rabbi of the Berlin Jewish Community and of the Federation of Jewish Communities in the Russian Occupation Zone from September 1948 until May 1950. His work in Berlin was sponsored by the World Union for Progressive Judaism in London. He submitted a series of confidential reports to the World Union, more or less monthly, on his activities and on Jewish conditions in Germany at the time. These reports are now being published for the first time, in three annual instalments: the first instalment, together with a biographical note on Steven Schwarzschild, appeared in the LBI Year Book 2015. This is the final instalment.11
      PubDate: 2017-07-28
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx008
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Occupation Policies in Germany and The Jews
    • Authors: Schwarzschild R.
      Pages: 271 - 275
      Abstract: Presumably one of the aims that was to be achieved by the winning of the war was to abolish inside Germany the racial and religious discrimination that had been promulgated by Hitler. This very fact, however, is the cause of one of the first and most enduring dilemmas in which the occupation authorities in Germany found themselves with regard to their policies toward the Jews. The Nazi discriminatory laws effected a state where, for example, the German Jews were no longer considered rightful citizens of Germany and therefore, to begin with, deprived of the rights and privileges appertaining to that status. The elimination of this discrimination, therefore, could result only in a policy which declared that, to the contrary, Jews were after all German citizens, and attitudes and regulations had to be formulated accordingly. Thus, after the end of the war, Jews found themselves in the ambiguous situation where now that it constituted a disadvantage they were considered Germans, which they no longer felt themselves to be, whereas previously when it would have been to their advantage and when they, to a large extent, regarded themselves as Germans, they were excluded from that class. The foreign Jew who comes to Germany for the first time after the war is thus likely to land in Hamburg and to be taken straight away to the Atlantic Hotel, which is a British Club, and there notices the first signs of his presence in a country which is under military occupation: at the door a larger poster warns that no Germans are admitted, even as guests. Having come to Germany in order to meet Jews he would like to be able to invite them to his hotel but, German Jews now being considered German, he cannot offer them such an invitation. His first reminder of the pre-war Jewish situation in Germany is that Jews may not enter those premises, formerly because they were not Germans and now because they are. The end effect, however, is the same.
      PubDate: 2017-06-12
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybw038
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Report by Rabbi Steven S. Schwarzschild for The World Union for
           Progressive Judaism
    • Authors: Schwarzschild R.
      Pages: 277 - 280
      PubDate: 2017-06-12
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybw036
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Report to The World Union for Progressive Judaism
    • Authors: Schwarzschild R.
      Pages: 281 - 284
      PubDate: 2017-06-12
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybw035
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • ‘Mixed Marriage’ – Admission and Readmission – Report to the
           Jewish Community of Berlin Translated from the German by Dr. Naomi Shulman
           
    • Authors: Schwarzschild R.
      Pages: 285 - 293
      Abstract: After the end of the war, the Jewish Community of Berlin, like other Jewish communities in Germany, discussed the problem of mixed marriages extensively. I want to point out that according to Jewish law and to Jewish perspectives of all religious directions, that is to say, of orthodox, conservative, and liberal circles, no mixed-marriage problem exists, and in fact, it cannot exist either. The term ‘mixed marriage’ refers to the marriage of a Jewish man to a non-Jewish woman or a Jewish woman to a non-Jewish man, following civil laws and the regulations of the country in which the ceremony has been performed. It is well-known, however, that the laws of the countries do not concern themselves — as is to be expected and to be hoped — with the religious affiliation of two persons applying to be regarded as a married couple under state law. Therefore, then, there can be no so-called mixed marriages from the perspective of state law, since, as already noted, civil law does not take the religious affiliation of the married couple into account. Of course, the perspective of National Socialist law, which is no longer applied and which we have always rejected in any event, is exempt from these findings of the facts.
      PubDate: 2017-06-12
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybw037
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • List of Contributors
    • Pages: 295 - 298
      Abstract: ARMON, Adi, PhD, b. in Jerusalem, Israel, is Postdoctoral Fellow at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. His research focuses on European Jewish intellectuals in the twentieth century and on Zionist thought from the nineteenth century to the establishment of the State of Israel.
      PubDate: 2017-11-08
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx017
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Without a Home: German Jews as Displaced Persons in Post-War Germany
    • Authors: Myers Feinstein M.
      Pages: 299 - 299
      Abstract: The Leo Baeck Institute Year Book, 2017.
      DOI : https://doi.org/10.1093/leobaeck/ybx012, published on 10 August 2017.
      PubDate: 2017-10-07
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
  • Index to Leo Baeck Institute Year Book 2017
    • Pages: 301 - 309
      Abstract: Note: all German names containing the preposition ‘von’ have been filed under that particle. Locators in italic refer to illustrations.
      PubDate: 2017-11-08
      DOI: 10.1093/leobaeck/ybx019
      Issue No: Vol. 62 (2017)
       
 
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